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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888322

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application value of liquid crystal digital display goniometer in total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to December 2019, 83 patients underwent primary total hip arthroplasty, including 28 males and 55 females, aged 42 to 81 (70.4±7.9) years. There were 63 cases of femoral neck fracture and 20 cases of avascular necrosis of femoral head. All patients used liquid crystal digital goniometer to control the anteversion of acetabular cup prosthesis during operation, and CT scanning was used to measure the anteversion of acetabular cup after operation. The two methods were compared to understand the accuracy of using liquid crystal digital goniometer.@*RESULTS@#Postoperative CT measurement showed that the acetabular anteversion of all patients was in the safe area advocated by Lewinnek. The anteversion angle of acetabular cup measured by liquid crystal digital goniometer was 14.20(12.80 to 15.40)°, and the anteversion angle of acetabular cup measured by postoperative CT scan was 14.20 (13.40 to 15.50)°. There was no significant difference between the two (@*CONCLUSION@#It is an accurate and reliable method to control the anteversion of acetabular cup with liquid crystal digital display angle instrument, which has a good auxiliary reference value.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Liquid Crystals , Male , Retrospective Studies
2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1111-1114, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321711

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of measles cases of new genotype D8 in Beijing from January to June, 2013.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Epidemiological survey and descriptive analysis was conducted.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>661 suspected measles were reported from January to June, 2013. 416 were confirmed measles cases by serology and etiology detection. 28 measles cases were caused by genotype D8 measles virus by genotype identification. There were 2 measles outbreak including 14 cases and 14 sporadic cases. The incidence peak was during April and May. 25 cases (89.3%, 25/28) occurred in downtown and suburban districts. 22 cases (78.5%, 22/28) were adults aged 15-39 years and 19 cases (67.9%, 19/28) were migrant population. 12 cases (85.7%, 12/14) in outbreak were migrant population working in clothing sales. There was epidemiological association between 2 outbreaks.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Measles cases of genotype D8 were found for the first time in Beijing. Genotype D8 virus mainly infected migrant adults and caused local outbreak and endemic.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , China , Epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Female , Genotype , Humans , Incidence , Male , Measles , Epidemiology , Virology , Measles virus , Genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355768

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of a boost dose of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) among children aged 18 months who had been administered with primary doses of IPV.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Form 2011 to 2012, a total of 97 children were enrolled in the present study who were vaccinated with IPV at 2, 3, 4 months of age and boosted with the same vaccine at 18 months of age. Anti-poliovirus neutralizing antibody titers in serum were measured before and after booster vaccination, geometric mean titers (GMT) and seroprotection rate were calculated. Adverse events occurring within 30 days after booster vaccination were observed, including pain, redness/swelling and induration at the injection site, fever, vomit, abnormal crying, drowsiness, loss of appetite, irritability, and all other physical discomfort and related medications were also recorded. A descriptive analysis was performed for the safety assessment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Immunogenicity was assessed in 84 subjects. The pre-booster seropositivity rates of neutralizing antibody against poliovirus type 1, 2, 3 before booster were all 100% (84/84) and the corresponding GMT (95% CI) was 1: 148.5 (116.49-189.29) , 1: 237.68 (178.39-316.67) and 1: 231.87 (181.27-296.58) , respectively. The seropositivity rates of neutralizing antibody against the three types of poliovirus after booster were all 100% (84/84) and the corresponding GMT (95% CI) was 1: 1612.14 (1470.57-1767.34) , 1: 1854.92 (1715.83-2005.29) and 1: 1625.50 (1452.12-1819.58) , respectively. The pre-booster titer of neutralizing antibody against poliovirus type 1, 2, 3 mainly ranged 1: 128-1: 512, which accounted for 65% (55/84) , 55% (46/84) , 74% (62/84) in each type. After the booster immunization, titers of neutralizing antibody against type 1, 2, 3 were increased as subjects with titer ≥ 1: 1024 accounted for 94% (78/84) , 95% (80/84) , 92% (77/84) , respectively.Safety was evaluated in 96 subjects, of which 16 subjects reported adverse events with the rate of 17%. The observed local events were mainly tenderness 3% (3/96) , redness/swelling and induration were not reported. The systemic adverse events included loss of appetite (8%, 8/96) , irritability (8%, 8/96) , fever (7%, 7/96) , abnormal crying (6%, 6/96) , drowsiness (6%, 6/96) and vomit (1%, 1/96) . All reported adverse events were mild or moderate. All of the local events occurred in the day of vaccination and lasted for 1-2 days, while systemic events almost developed within 2 days after vaccination and last less than 3 days.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>IPV booster dose has good immunogenicity and safety profile, which provides effective protection against poliovirus.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Neutralizing , Blood , Antibodies, Viral , Blood , China , Female , Humans , Immunization, Secondary , Infant , Male , Poliomyelitis , Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutic Uses
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355767

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate safety of different sequential immunization schedules of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) and oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) primary vaccination.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Infants of 2 months old (60-89 days) selected in Beijing, were assigned to four groups, 1 dose IPV plus 2 doses OPV (I-O-O), 2 doses IPV plus 1 dose OPV(I-I-O), 3 doses IPV (I-I-I), and 3 doses OPV (O-O-O), and were vaccinated at the age of 2, 3, 4 months, from 2009 to 2011. The frequencies of systemic as well as local injection site reactions after every dose were recorded and calculated. A total of 553 infants were enrolled in the study and 89 infants were quit, 1492 diseases were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of adverse events in I-O-O, I-I-O, I-I-I, O-O-O were 22.9% (94/410), 18.4% (60/327), 22.0% (78/354) and 17.7% (71/401) with no statistical differences (χ(2) = 4.84, P = 0.184). Dose 1 (22.7% (32/141)-35.3% (54/153) ) was more frequently than dose 2 and dose 3. No serious adverse events (SAE) were reported during the study. The incidence of systemic adverse reactions in I-O-O, I-I-O, I-I-I, O-O-O were 21.5% (88/410), 17.7% (58/327) , 20.1% (71/354) and 17.7% (71/401) with no statistical differences (χ(2) = 2.53, P = 0.472). Abnormal crying were the most frequency reactions (7.2% (29/401)-11.3% (37/327) ) in 4 groups. Rarely severe reactions were observed of abnormal crying, somnolence, irritability and mild or medium reactions occurred in other symptoms. Local adverse reactions such as injection site pain, scleroma and swelling were reported by 2.2% (5/229)-5.6% (22/393) ,0-0.9% (2/229) and 0-1.0% (4/393) in I-O-O,I-I-O and I-I-I, and most reactions were mild.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Three IPV immunization and IPV/OPV sequential immunization as well as three OPV immunization demonstrated safe.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunization Schedule , Infant , Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated , Vaccines, Attenuated
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344778

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate percutaneous reduction by Kirschner pin and internal fixation with cancellous screw and plate through minimal incision at the lateral side of heel for the treatment of intra-articular displacement fracture of calcaneus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 2009 to June 2012, 80 patients with close intra-articular displacement fractures of calcaneus were divided into treatment group and control group. There were 40 patients in the control group, including 21 males and 19 females, ranging in age from 23 to 64 years old, averaged (39.1 +/-11.7) years old; and the patients were treated with fixation by compress screws and plates of self-broken type. There were 40 patients in the treatment group, including 24 males and 16 females,ranging in age from 21 to 67 years old, averaged (39.6+/-14.3) years old;and the patients were treated with full thread cancellous screws and plates fixation. The fixation time,intra-operative blood loss and the number of injured medial plntar nerve were compared between the two groups. The Böhler angle, Gissane angle and the correction degree of calcaneal width were measured at 1 year after operation. The internal fixators were taken out after 1 year. The AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score was used to evaluate therapeutic effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up,and the duration ranged from 9 to 32 months, with a mean of 16 months. There were shorter operation time, less injury, satisfactory postoperative Böhler angle and calcaneal width in treatment group compared with control group,which reduced the medial neurovascular injuries, and the plate was easily removed after fracture healing.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Full thread cancellous screws and plate fixation for the treatment of calcaneal fractures could get same therapeutic effects as compress screws and plate of self-broken type fixation, and also has follow advantages: shortening the operation time, reducing blood loss, easily to be removed, avoiding the medial neurovascular damage, reducing the incidence of complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Calcaneus , Wounds and Injuries , Case-Control Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326277

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate immunogenicity after primary vaccination by different sequential program of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) and oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Children of 2 months old (60-89 days) selected in Beijing were assigned to 4 groups, 1 dose IPV plus 2 doses OPV (I-O-O, 122 children), 2 doses IPV plus 1 dose OPV(I-I-O, 103 children), 3 doses IPV (I-I-I, 114 children), and 3 doses OPV (O-O-O, 106 children), and were vaccinated at the age of 2, 3, 4 months. Polio neutralizing antibody titers against poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3 were tested and protective rates were calculated before the 1st dose, after the last dose, and after the 1st and 2nd dose of IPV.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After the primary immunization, geometric mean titers (GMT) of polio neutralizing antibody titers against poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3 were 788.32, 738.42 and 631.17 in O-O-O group, 212.02, 262.30 and 537.52 in I-I-I group, 940.35, 929.72 and 940.35 in I-O-O group and 901.09, 1102.68 and 1110.12 in I-I-O group (F values were 47.71, 53.84, and 9.81 respectively, all P values<0.01). The protective rate of three types among each group was 98.1% (104/106)-100.0% and the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). After the 1(st) dose of IPV, the GMT were 18.88, 37.77, 24.64 and the protective rate was 82.6% (122/138)-96.4% (133/138); after the 2nd dose of IPV, GMT were 177.03, 168.25, 321.86 and the protective rate was 99.1% (108/109)-100.0% (109/109) in antibody types 1, 2 and 3, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GMT of polio neutralizing antibody titers against poliovirus is higher after vaccination by sequential program of IPV and OPV than that by IPV or OPV 3-doses program. High level of protective rate after 2 doses of IPV in I-I-O group may lead to better protection from vaccine associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP). Sequential program of IPV and OPV can be used to maintain high level of herd immunity and to prevent VAPP, and the I-I-O sequential program should be the first choice.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunization Schedule , Infant , Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated , Allergy and Immunology , Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral , Allergy and Immunology , Vaccines, Attenuated , Allergy and Immunology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642589

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn the prevalence and trends of Brucella disease in Ningxia, in order to provide scientific basis for effective control of the disease. Methods Data of Brucella cases reported through city network from 2004 to 2009 in Yinchuan city, Shizuishan city, Wuzhong city, Guyuan city and Zhongwei city of Ningxia were reviewed and retrospectively analyzed. The data included demographic characteristics, treatment conditions and medical history so on related information. Analytical indicators include reported incidence;with patients' gender, age, regional distribution, urban and rural distribution;become chronic and associated factors;distribution of the cases reporting unit and so on. Results From 2004 to 2009, Ningxia had reported 349 cases of Brucellosis, no deaths, the annual incidence rates reported were 0.017/10 million, 0.543/10 million, 0.151/101 (295/54);The proportion of 34- to 40-year-old age group was higher than other age groups(27.5%, 96/349);Occupational distribution of patients was mainly farmers and herdsmen(70.2% ,245/349), in regional distribution of the patients, the highest percentage was Wuzhong city(61.9%,216/349), followed by Yinchuan city(22.9%,80/349);The proportion of patients in rural areas(97.4% ,340/349) was higher than urban(2.6% ,9/349);the proportion of patients converted to chronic was 11.2% (39/349). With age, the chance of patients converted to chronic was in a decreasing trend(odds ratio was 0.966);cases reported by Centre for Disease Control and Prevention accounted for 74.8%(261/349), by hospital accounted for 25.2%(88/349). Conclusions The reported incidence of Brucellosis in Ningxia is in a rapid upward trend year by year, the patients is mainly young men, the rate of converted to chronic is higher and the ability of hospital in founding and reporting of the cases is weaker.Comprehensive measures should be taken to increase funding, strengthen monitoring, and continuously improve the level of awareness and diagnosis of medical personnel for further strengthen the prevention and control of Brucellosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333822

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish transgenic mice with GFP expression in the vascular endothelium during neovascularization.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The vector nestin-hsp68-gfp containing nestin second intron was introduced into U251 cells and the expression level of GFP was detected by fluorescence microscopy. Transgenic mice were produced by microinjection. The genome of the offspring mice was screened by PCR, and GFP expression in the vascular endothelium was detected using immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirteen offspring mice were obtained and 2 of them were positive for GFP in the vascular endothelium as detected by PCR. GFP was detected in the offspring mice both at the embryonic stage and after birth.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The transgenic mice with GFP expression in the vascular endothelium during neovascularization have been successfully established.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Base Sequence , Endothelium, Vascular , Metabolism , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Intermediate Filament Proteins , Genetics , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Molecular Sequence Data , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Genetics , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Genetics , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Genetics , Nestin
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325596

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the southern region of Zhejiang hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A cluster sampling strategy was used to sample all blood donors from February to October in 2008 in Wenzhou blood center. Their blood was tested for IgG and IgM antibody against HEV. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) and sequencing were applied to detect its genotype and sequence homology in HEV IgM-positive specimen.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The prevalence of anti-HEV IgG in 3044 cases of blood donors was 33.28%. IgG increased with age. There are certain increase in positive rates between the 20-year-old group and over 40 years of age group from 21.16% to 50.36%. The positive rate of IgM was 0.92%. The ratio of infection among different age group was the highest in the age range from 31 to 40 years and up to 1.90%. IgG and IgM through their negative and positive analysis of samples found in their group with donors age, sex and blood type does not significantly related to each other. Nucleic acids were found in three cases through PCR amplification in all 28 cases of HEV IgM positive samples. The total positive rate was one-thousandth, of which two cases for gene 4, 1 cases of infection for gene 1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results indicate that there was a certain percentage of HEV virus in voluntary blood donors in south Zhejiang.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Blood Donors , China , Epidemiology , Female , Genotype , Hepatitis Antibodies , Blood , Hepatitis E , Blood , Epidemiology , Virology , Hepatitis E virus , Classification , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Blood , Immunoglobulin M , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Phylogeny , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233711

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the differentiation potential of rat adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) into Schwann-like cells in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>ADSCs isolated from adult SD rats were cultured in vitro and identified with the cell surface antigens CD44, CD49d and CD106 by immunocytochemistry. The ADSCs of the sixth to eighth passages were inoculated in polylysine-coated culture plate and cultured for 12 days in DMEM/F12 culture medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum, 5 ng/ml platelet-derived growth factor, 10 ng/ml basic fibroblast growth factor, 14 micromol/L Forskolin and 200 ng/ml Heregulin to induce their differentiation in vitro. Immunocytochemistry was performed to identify the expression of the cell surface markers nestin, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), S-100, and P75.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The isolated and purified ADSCs were positive for CD44 and CD49d expressions but negative for CD106. After 12 days of culture in the conditional culture medium, most of the cells showed positive expressions of GFAP, S-100, and P75, the specific protein markers of Schwann cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Adult rat ADSCs are confirmed to have potentials of neuroglial differentiation and capable of differentiating into Schwann-like cells in vitro.</p>


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Cell Biology , Animals , Cattle , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cytological Techniques , Methods , Gene Expression Regulation , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Schwann Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Stem Cells , Cell Biology
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 48-50, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275901

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare multiple organ dysfunction score (MODS), the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) and the logistic organ dysfunction score (LODS) in predicting hospital mortality in severe sepsis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four hundred and three patients admitted to the ICU from December 2004 to November 2007 with a diagnosis of severe sepsis were enrolled in this study. Their MODS, SOFA, LODS and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II at admission and the highest score during hospitalization were respectively recorded and collected in regard to mortality. The discrimination of three multiple organ dysfunction score systems were assessed by the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The AUC of admission scores was 0.811 for LODS, 0.787 for SOFA, 0.725 for MODS, and 0.770 for APACHE II in predicting hospital mortality. All maximum scores had better power of discrimination than the admission scores (P < 0.01). The power of discrimination of LODS and SOFA were better than the MODS, either the admission or the highest, respectively (P < 0.01). However, no significant difference was observed between the LODS and the SOFA regarding mortality prediction (P > 0.05). The AUC value for the APACHE II score was much lower compared to LODS (P < 0.01). However, there was no difference in AUC value among APACHE II, SOFA and MODS (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LODS, SOFA and MODS show a good discrimination power, while maximum LODS is of the highest discrimination power to predict the outcome of patient with severe sepsis.</p>


Subject(s)
APACHE , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Organ Failure , Pathology , Prognosis , Sepsis , Mortality , Severity of Illness Index
12.
Microbiology ; (12)2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685950

ABSTRACT

Laboratory teaching played the crucial part of microbiology teaching, which was benefit to improve the operational capacity, analysis and resolving ability of students. We carried out the multiplicity teaching by remodeling experiment process, designing integral test, and resolving practical issue and setting up comprehensive trail. It was proved by fact that the multiplicity teaching increased the study interesting of students, inspired their activity, initiative and creativity.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352054

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore the effect of different conditions on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of proteins from human acute promyelocytic leukemia cell line NB4. The 24 cm pH 3-10 linear immobilized pH gradient (IPG) strips were chosen, the isoelectric focusing was carried out by using IPGphor. Then, the second-dimensional SDS-PAGE was performed. After silver staining, the gel was analyzed by ImageMaster 2D Elite. The results showed that low ion intensity sample washing buffer improved the performance of isoelectric focusing. The lysis buffer containing 7 mol/L urea and 40 mmol/L DTT could solubilize the most proteins from NB4 cell line. The rehydration solution containing thiourea and urea increased the low molecular weight protein points to be resolved in the area of basic end. The reasonable sample load and Volt/hour of NB4 were about 100 micro g and 63 200 V/h for the 24 cm pH 3-10 IPG strips. It is concluded that the proteins from NB4 and similar cell line are complicated and affected by many factors, so that, it is very important to select the right methods for sample preparation and the conditions of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Humans , Isoelectric Focusing , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Metabolism , Pathology , Neoplasm Proteins
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 266-268, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291452

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To better understand the mechanisms of the fetal hematopoiesis turn over from primitive to definitive hematopoiesis through the expression level of c-kit(+) and sca-1(+), and major characters of gene expression profile of these cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>c-kit and sca-1 expression level were monitored with fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) of the mononuclear cells from mouse yolk sac and fetal liver, while gene expression profile was carried out with EST sequencing strategy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The Sca-1(+) cells were increased while the c-kit(+) cells decreased with the embryonic development. Through profiling the functionally identified known genes, most of the highly expressed were globin genes, especially of embryonic types.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The erythropoiesis played a key role in early fetal hematopoiesis in mammalian.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Ly , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Genetics , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Liver , Cell Biology , Embryology , Metabolism , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Time Factors , Yolk Sac , Cell Biology , Embryology , Metabolism
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