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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 801-809, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878943

ABSTRACT

By preparing 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction, the methodology of the characteristic spectrums of substance benchmarks was established. The paste-forming rate range, the contents and the transfer rate range of the index components, hydroxy safflower yellow A, ferulic acid and paeoniflorin, the characteristic peaks and the similarity range of the characteristic spectrums of Taohong Siwu Decoction were determined to define key quality attributes of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction.In the 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction, the similarity of characteristic spectrums was higher than 0.9. Furthermore, based on summarization of the characteristic peak information, there were 13 characteristic peaks in the whole decoction. Baishao had three characteristic peaks, Honghua had seven characteristic peaks, and Chuanxiong and Danggui had three characteristic peaks. The paste-forming rate of the 15 batches of substance benchmarks was controlled at 33.11%-40.62%. The content of hydroxy safflower yellow A was 0.129%-0.203%, with the average transfer rate of 16.596%±0.669%.The content of ferulic acid was 0.043%-0.055%, with the average transfer rate of 20.489%±1.772%.The content of paeoniflorin was 0.676%-0.943%, with the average transfer rate of 29.112%±3.273%.The quality value transfer of substance benchmarks of classical prescription Taohong Siwu Decoction was analyzed by the combination of characteristic spectrums, paste-forming rate and the content of index components. The established substance benchmark quality evaluation method was stable and feasible, and could provide a basis for quality control and subsequent development of relevant preparations of Taohong Siwu Decoction.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 792-800, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878942

ABSTRACT

By preparing 10 batches of substance benchmarks freeze-drying powder( lyophilized powder),the methodology of the characteristic spectrum and the content of index component for substance benchmarks of Qingwei San was established. The characteristic peaks and the similarity range of the characteristic spectrum,the contents and the transfer rate range of isoferulic acid,palmatine and paeonol,and the paste-forming rate range were determined to define key quality attributes of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San. In the10 batches of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San,the similarity of characteristic spectrum was higher than 0. 90. In further comparison of the characteristic peak information,a total of 16 characteristic peaks were identified,including 5 characteristic peaks from Cimicifugae Rhizoma,5 characteristic peaks from Coptidis Rhizoma,2 characteristic peaks from Angelicae Sinensis Radix and 4 characteristic peaks from Moutan Cortex. The content of isoferulic acid was 0. 10%-0. 18%,with the average transfer rate of 49. 82%±4. 02%. The content of palmatine was 0. 17%-0. 31%,with the average transfer rate of 15. 84% ±2. 39%. The content of paeonol was 0. 41%-0. 75%,with the average transfer rate of 23. 41%±3. 23%. The paste-forming rate of the 10 batches of substance benchmarks were controlled at 27%-33%,with the transfer rate between the theoretical paste-forming rate and the actual paste-forming rate was 86. 59%±3. 39%. In this study,the quality value transfer of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San was analyzed by the combination of characteristic spectrum,the content of index component and the paste-forming rate. A scientific and stable evaluation method was preliminarily established,so as to provide the basis for subsequent development and quality control of relevant preparations of Qingwei San.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Powders , Quality Control , Rhizome
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 230-234, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802224

ABSTRACT

This paper compared and analyzed the relevant records of Chinese medicine pharmacy in the Han,Tang and Song dynasties,and summarized the changes of the dosage forms,preparation techniques and administration methods of Chinese medicine with the development of history.In this study,three classic medical works in the Han,Tang and Song dynasties,including Treatise on Febrile Diseases Caused by Cold,Valuable Prescriptions for Emergency and Formularies of the Bureau of People's Welfare Pharmacies,were taken as the research objects,and the development of the dosage forms,auxiliary materials,preparation technology and medication theory were summarized and explored by the ways of content analysis,comparative analysis and case analysis.The comparison showed that in the development process,the dosage forms gradually increased,but the liquid dosage forms gradually decreased,the solid dosage forms gradually increased.Not only the dosage forms varied in the number,types of excipients used more and more,but the level of preparation had been constantly improved while the methods of taking became more detailed.This evolution of dosage forms and pharmaceutical technologies in Chinese history is worth learning and thinking about it.Through exploring the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) technologies and theories in the Han,Tang and Song dynasties,we can contribute to the inheritance of traditional preparations and it can provide the basis for the development of modern preparations with TCM characteristics.

4.
Korean Journal of Nephrology ; : 746-753, 1998.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159047

ABSTRACT

Leptin, which is a plasma protein produced by the obese gene, is expressed and secreted by adipocytes. The clearance of lepdn from the circulation is unknown. But, markedly elevated serum leptin concentrations have recently been reported in patients with chronic renal failure. The purpose of the present study was to investigate plasma leptin concentration of patients with chronic renal failure and evaluate the factors affecting plasma leptin levels. Plasma leptin, insulin, and body mass index were determined in 34 patients with chronic renal failure and 55 control subjects. The plasrna leptin concentrations were not significantly different between patients with chronic renal failure and control subjects (9.4+/-11.8 vs 4.9+/-4.2ng/ml, P>0.05). The serum leptin concentrations were not significantly higher in both male and female CRF patients compared with control subjects (3.96+/-5.72 vs 2.48+/-1.65, P=0.1947, 17.07+/-14.02 vs 7.49+/-4.63ng/ml, P=0.07, respectively). And, there was no significant correlation between serum creatinine and plasma leptin. However, there was significant correlation between plasma leptin concentration and insulin level (P<0.05). We fit a multiple linear regre- ssion analysis with plasma leptin level as the dependent variable in CRF. Sex (male vs female) (P< 0.001) and insulin (P=0.004) were independently associated with plasma leptin level in CRF. These results suggested that plasma leptin level was regulated or affected by multiple factors inclu- ding sex and insulin resistance. Additional study is required to evaluate relationship between plasma leptin and insulin resistance in chronic renal failure.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adipocytes , Body Mass Index , Creatinine , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Leptin , Plasma
5.
Korean Journal of Hematology ; : 119-122, 1997.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720573

ABSTRACT

A 30 year-old women who had had moderately advanced pulmonary tuberculosis and taken antituberculosis regimens including rifampicin was admitted with the symptoms of petechiae on the trunk and extremities and gum bleeding. The thrombocytopenic purpura appeared 20 days after the treatment with rifampicin, and which was rapidly improved with discontinuation of the drug. The diagnosis was confirmed by relapse of thrombocytopenia after retreatment with rifampicin. The paper presents a patient with thrombocytopenia induced by rifampicin and a brief review of pertinent literature.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Diagnosis , Extremities , Gingiva , Hemorrhage , Purpura , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic , Recurrence , Retreatment , Rifampin , Thrombocytopenia , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
6.
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; : 533-538, 1997.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36827

ABSTRACT

The occurrence of double primary cancer of the esopbagus and duodenum is considered very rare. Moreover, it is difficult to manage this type of double cancer because esophageal cancer has a biologic tendency to early metastasis. We report a case of double primary cancer, which we have synchronously confirmed esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and duodenal adenocarcinoma with gastrofiberscopic biopsy, and then treated them by gastrojejunostomy and systemic chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Drug Therapy , Duodenum , Esophageal Neoplasms , Gastric Bypass , Neoplasm Metastasis
7.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 257-262, 1997.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74630

ABSTRACT

Neurofibromatosis also referred to as von Recklinghausen`s disease, is an autosomal dominant disease, which is characterized by cutaneous neurofibromas, cafe-au-lait spot, and axillary freckles. Although neruofibromatosis is a congenital disorder, the pulmonary manifestation become evident in adulthood. Approximately 15percent of patients with cutaneous lesions have intrathoracic neurofibromas. In some patients with neurofibromatosis, the lungs are the seat of interstitial fibrosis, leiomyoma, and bullous lesion, meningocele or less commonly lung cancer. The association of neurofibromatosis and lung cancer is rare, A 47-year-old man, who was a heavy smoker, was admitted to our hospital because of hemoptysis. Since cafe-au-lait sopts, diffuse pigmentation and multiple neurofibromatosis were observed on the skin, he was considered to have von Recklinghausen`s disease. Chest X-ray film showd extensive hazy density affecting all of his lung field, and minimal peribronchial infiltratin in his left lower lung field. Chest CT showed that near total consolidative lesions were present of right middle lobe. Also, some patchy infiltration were present in his right lower lobe and some of left lower lobe. Histoathological examination of the percutaneous lung biopsy specimen demonstrated that he had undifferentiated large cell carcinoma. The Authors have experienced a case of neurofibromatosis combined with undifferntiated large cell carcinoma. A brief review of related literature was conducted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Biopsy , Blister , Cafe-au-Lait Spots , Carcinoma, Large Cell , Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities , Fibrosis , Hemoptysis , Leiomyoma , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Melanosis , Meningocele , Neurofibroma , Neurofibromatoses , Pigmentation , Skin , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , X-Ray Film
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