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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773095


To build up an identification method on cardiac glycosides in Taxillus chinensis and its Nerium indicum host, and evaluate the influence on medicine quality from host to T. chinensis, ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-time-of-flight tandem mass-mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS)was applied. The samples of T. chinensis(harvested from N. indicum)and its N. indicum host were collected in field. The samples of T. chinensis(harvested from Morus alba)and its M. alba host was taken as control substance. All samples were extracted by ultrasonic extraction in 70% ethanol. Chromatographic separation was performed on an ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 C_(18)(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.8 μm)column at 40 ℃. Gradient elution was applied, and the mobile phase was consisted of 0.1% formic acid water and acetonitrile. The 0.5 μL of sample solution was injected and the flow rate of the mobile phase was kept at 0.6 mL·min~(-1) in each run. It was done to identify cardiac glycosides and explore the chemical composition correlation in T. chinensis and its N. indicum host by analyzing positive and negative ion mode mass spectrometry data, elemental composition, cardiac glycoside reference substance and searching related literatures. A total of 29 cardiac glycosides were identified, 28 of it belonged to N. indicum host, 5 belonged to T. chinensis(harvested from N. indicum host), none of cardiac glycoside was identified in T. chinensis(harvested from M. alba host). The result could provide a reference in evaluating the influence in T. chinensis medicine quality from host. It was rapid, accurate, and comprehensive to identify cardiac glycosides in T. chinensis and its N. indicum host by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS.

Cardiac Glycosides , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Loranthaceae , Chemistry , Nerium , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710174


AIM To observe the effects of Taxilli Herba from six different hosts (Morus alba L.,Salix babylonica L.,Camellia oleifera Abel.,Castanea mollissima B1.,Liquidambar formosana Hance and Nerium indicum Mill.) on lowering blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR).METHODS SHR were randomly divided into 14 groups,captopril positive group (20 mg/kg),model group,and Taxilli Herba groups of 6 different hosts,and each Taxilli Herba group was further divided into high-dose group (5.9 g/kg) and low-dose group (1.48 g/kg);WKY,in addition,was the blank control.And the 20-day consective correspondence medication was applied to the groups,each with eight rats.The caudal arterial systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured by tail-cuff method before the administration,and on the 10th day and 20th day of the administration.Anaesthesia was performed at the blood collection 12 h after the last administration;and thus final serum contents of nitric oxide (NO) and changes of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity,plasmatic contents of angiotensin Ⅱ (Ang Ⅱ) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) were determined.RESULTS From the data before and after administration,an SBP drop among all SHR groups was observed on the 10th day of administration,among which the blood pressure lowering effect by high-dose Taxilli Herba from Morus alba L.was very obvious (P < 0.01);remarkable SBP decrease on the 20th day of administration induced by Taxilli Herba from Salix babylonica L,Liquidambarformosana Hance and Camellia oleifera Abel,and high-dose Taxilli Herba from Morus alba L,low-dose Taxilli Herba from Castanea mollissima B1 were detected (P < 0.01).No significant SBP variation was available between the model group and Taxilli Herba groups after10-day administration;all the Taxilli Herba groups exhibited obvious effect in lowering SBP except Taxilli Herba from Nerium indicum Mill,low-dose Taxilli Herba from Morus alba L.and high-dose Taxilli Herba from Castanea mollissimaBl.after 20-day administration,compared to the model group (P < 0.05).Highdose Taxilli Herba from Morus alba L.and Salix babylonica L significantly decreased plasmatic Ang Ⅱ and ET-1 contents of SHR groups in comparison with the model group (P <0.01).High-dose Taxilli Herba from Morus alba L.,Salix babylonica L.and Liquidambarformosana Hance significantly increased serum NO release and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity (P < 0.01).CONCLUSION Taxilli Herba from the five different hosts,except Nerium indicum Mill,can lower blood pressure,and there exists an effect difference due to the host variation.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691506


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effectiveness of polytheretherketone (PEEK) cages assisted anterior cervical discetomy and fusion (ACDF) to treat cervical spondylosis with sympathetic symptoms.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis was undertaken for 39 patients who were diagnosed as cervical spondylosis with sympathetic symptoms and underwent ACDF with PEEK cages. Radiographs obtained before surgery, after surgery, and at the final follow-up were assessed for quality of fusion. The following criteria were used for assessing radiographic success of fusion: (1) endplate obliterated with no lucent lines; (2) obliteration of disc space by bony trabeculae; (3) less than 2°of intervertebral motion or 2 mm of motion between the spinous processes at the operated segment on flexion-extension lateral radiographs. The sympathetic symptoms including vertigo, headache, tinnitus, nausea and vomiting, heart throb, hypomnesia and gastroenterological discomfort were scored by 20-point system preoperatively, 2 months postoperatively and at the final follow-up. The recovery rate and clinical satisfaction rate were also evaluated. Surgical complications were also assessed.@*RESULTS@#They were followed up for at least one year. The mean follow-up was 15.6 months. Radiographs of the cervical spine at the last follow-up revealed a solid fusion with no signs of a pseudoarthrosis in 36 cases. In two patients delayed union and bony fusion were achieved at the end of 9 and 11 months. Pseudoarthosis was found in 1 case but the patient had no symptoms. The score of sympathetic symptoms before surgery, 2 months after surgery and at the final follow-up were 8.4±1.0,2.2±0.3,and 2.4±0.3, respectively. There were 22 excellent cases, 15 good cases, 1 fair case and 1 bad case in terms of RR. Good to excellent results were attained in 95% of theses patients. The sympathetic symptoms improved in all the patients and the score was significantly improved after surgery. There was one patient who had cerebral spinal fluid leakage but he recovered one week after surgery. Two patients felt a mild swallowing discomfort, but it disappeared within one month after surgery. Subcutaneous hematoma occurred in one patient due to obstructed drainage. It was cleared two days after surgery.@*CONCLUSION@#Cervical spondylosis patients with sympathetic symptoms may be managed successfully with ACDF using PEEK cages. Successful clinical results regarding symptom improvement and general satisfaction with the surgical procedure depend not only on obtaining successful decompression and radiographic fusion but also on patient selection.

Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Decompression, Surgical , Diskectomy , Humans , Male , Nausea , Neurosurgical Procedures , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spondylosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vomiting
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 35-39, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247895


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize and analyze the complications of interspinous implants for degenerative lumbar disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 2007 to September 2011, 177 cases with degenerative lumbar diseases were treated with interspinous implants. There were 99 male patients and 78 female patients, the average age was 44.5 years (26 - 71 years). According to the application interspinous dynamic stabilization system type were divided into the Wallis group (136 cases) and Coflex group (41 cases). The clinical results were assessed by visual analog scale (VAS) of pain on lumbar and lower limbers, lumbar Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score and Prolo functional score. The radiological results including segmental lodosis and segement movement degree were assessed by lumbar X ray and dynamic X ray. Summarize and analyze the complications both during operation and post operation. Quantitative datas were compared by paried-samples t test and complication rate was compared by χ(2) test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 168 cases had completed follow-up and the average time was 34.7 months (3 - 50 months). In the final follow-up, lumbar pain VAS, lower limber pain VAS, lumbar JOA score and Prolo functional score were better than pre-operation (t = 10.7, 7.9, 13.4 and 8.8, P < 0.01). Segment lodosis angles was 14° ± 4° which was less than pre-operation 19° ± 4° (t = 9.4, P < 0.01).Segment movement degree was larger in Coflex group (12.6° ± 3.1°) than in Wallis group (9.7° ± 2.7°) (t = 8.6, P < 0.05). Complication rate was 10.7% (18/168), which of Wallis group was 6.2% (8/130) and Coflex group was 26.3% (10/38) (χ(2) = 12.5, P < 0.01). In Wallis group, there were 3 cases with dura tear and cerebrospinal fluid leakage, 1 case with nerve root injury and foot drop, 2 cases with spacer breakage when implantation and change the implants and 2 cases with recurrence of lumbar disc herniation. In Coflex group, there was 1 case with dura tear and cerebrospinal fluid leakage, 2 cases with mild displacement post operation, 1 case with debridement for aseptic wound exudates, 1 case with implant removal for breakage 1 week post operation, 4 cases with recurrence of lumbar disc herniation and 1 case with lumbar disc herniation 6 months post operation of lumbar stenosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The application of interspinous implants for degenerative lumbar diseases is effective and relative safe, but would suffer from the risk of complications.</p>

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Internal Fixators , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , General Surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Prostheses and Implants , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Stenosis , General Surgery
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 363-367, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254780


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the efficacy and safety of combined application of interspinous process fixation system and rigid fixation system for degenerative lumbar diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 2007 to September 2008, 16 cases with degenerative lumbar diseases were treated with combined application of interspinous process fixation system and rigid fixation system. The clinical results were assessed by VAS of pain of lumbar and lower limbs, lumbar JOA score and Prolo functional score. The radiological results including implant position (interspinous process, pedicle screws and plates), spinous process fracture, segmental range of motion (the non-fusion fixation segment, and the intermediate segments between fused and non-fused segments) which were assessed by lumbar static and dynamic X rays.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 16 cases obtained an average follow-up of 17.6 months. At final follow up, lumbar VAS, lower limbers VAS, lumbar JOA score and Prolo functional score were significant improved than those of pre-operation (lumbar VAS: 1.9 +/- 1.4 vs. 4.5 +/- 3.1; lower limbs VAS: 1.7 +/- 1.2 vs. 6.3 +/- 2.9; lumbar JOA score: 22.8 +/- 3.3 vs. 12.5 +/- 4.7; Prolo functional score: 8.3 +/- 1.2 vs. 4.0 +/- 2.3). Range of motion of the non-fusion fixation segment was (9.8 +/- 4.2) degrees and that of the intermediate segments between fused and non-fused segments was (13.2 +/- 3.5) degrees .</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Combined application of interspinous process fixation system and rigid fixation system for degenerative lumbar diseases provides a new idea to avoid the multi-segment fusion fixation and pertinent potential problems. Short-term clinical results are successful.</p>

Adult , Aged , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Internal Fixators , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Diseases , General Surgery , Spinal Fusion , Methods , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1427-1429, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345071


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the strength of pedicle screw fixation with bone cement in human cadaveric lumbar vertebral bodies by using biomechanical test.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four fresh frozen cadaveric lumbar vertebral bodies were randomly divided into 3 groups, which each group had 8 bodies. The bodies in the first group were drilled only. The bodies in the second group were drilled with tap. The bodies in the third group were drilled and the holes were enlarged by borer. Each vertebral body was drilled in both right and left sides, which one side served as control with the pedicle screws fixation only and another side served as testing side with the pedicle screw fixation with bone cement. The pullout strength was tested on both sides by using borer.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>There was significant difference of manifestation of pull-strength between the control side and the testing side in all groups (P < 0.001). For the manifestation of pull-strength of testing side in different groups, which had pedicle screw fixation with bone cement, there was no significant difference between the second group and third group, however, the difference between the first group and the second group and between the first group and third group were significant.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The pedicle screws with bone cements could significantly enhance the strength of fixation in cadaveric lumbar compared with pedicle screws only.</p>

Bone Cements , Therapeutic Uses , Bone Screws , Female , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Internal Fixators , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Spinal Fusion , Methods , Tensile Strength