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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880091

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of tumor necrosis factor death receptor (DR) 4 demethylation to the proliferation and apoptosis of myeloid leukemia K562 cells.@*METHODS@#The logarithmic phase of K562 cells were treated by desitabine (DCA) at 0, 0.8, 1.6 and 3.2 μmol/L, and the cells were divided into control group, DCA low dose group, DCA medium dose group and DCA high dose group respectively. The cells in control group were treated by tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) 0.5 μg/ml for 24 h, and the cells were divided into TRAIL group. The cells in DCA high dose group were treated by TRAIL 0.5 μg/ml for 24 h, and were divided into DCA high dose + TRAIL group. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MS-PCR) was used to measure the methylation status of the DR4 gene promoter in the control group and DCA low, medium and high dose groups. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were used to determine the relative expression of DR4 mRNA and protein in the control group and DCA low, medium and high dose groups. Dime- thylthiazole (MTT) method was used to determine the inhibition rate of cell proliferation of the cells in control group, DCA high dose group, TRAIL group, DCA high dose + TRAIL group. Flow cytometry was used to determine the apoptotic rate of the cells in control group, DCA high dose group, TRAIL group, DCA high dose + TRAIL group.@*RESULTS@#The cells in the control group were methylation-positive, the brightness of the methylation bands of the cells in the DCA low, medium, and high dose groups was gradually decreased to disappear, and the DCA high dose group showed negative for methylation. The relative expression of DR4 mRNA and protein in the control group, DCA low, medium and high dose groups was increased sequentially (r=0.624, 0.704). The inhibition rate of cell proliferation of the cells in the control group, DCA high dose group, TRAIL group, DCA high dose + TRAIL group was increased sequentially (r=0.653, 0.754, 0.709, 0.725) at 24, 48 and 72 h.@*CONCLUSION@#DCA can reverse the methylation level of DR4 gene promoter in ML K562 cells and up-regulate the expression of DR4, which may enhance the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis promotion effects of TRAIL on K562 cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Demethylation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myeloid , Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand/metabolism , TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880078

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficacy and safety of continuous intravenous infusion of 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) combined with high-dose cytarabine (Ara-C) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (CLAG regiem) in the treatment of relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Fifteen patients with refractory/relapsed AML hospitalized in 5 medical units such as Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University and received one course of CLAG regimen from June 2014 to August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively (specifically: cladribine 5 mg/M@*RESULTS@#Among the 15 patients with refractory/relapsed AML, 9 males and 6 females, the median age was 35 (13-63) years old. FAB classification: 1 case of M@*CONCLUSION@#The CLAG regimen consisting of continuous intravenous infusion of cladribine shows high CR in the treatment of AML patients, but the duration of CR is short, myelosuppression is sever, so that infection control is the key. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation should be performed as soon as possible after CR.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cladribine/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Female , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Humans , Infusions, Intravenous , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the synergistic immunomodulatory mechanism of interferon alpha-1b, interleukin-2 and thalidomide (ITI) regimen on patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Sixty eight untreated de novo or relapsed or refractory or maintenance therapy patients with AML admitted in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and the other 11 medical units from March 2016 to May 2019 were treated with ITI regimen. Peripheral blood specimen per patient was collected into EDTA-K3 anticoagulation vacuum tube before the administration of ITI and 3 months after the treatment; peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and perforin and Granzyme B expression were analyzed by using flow cytometry; the levels of VEGF, IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-6 in the plasma were detected by using a cytometric bead array. Thirty-five healthy subjects from the hospital physical examination centre were selected as normal controls.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD4@*CONCLUSION@#The ITI regimen can raise the ratio of CD4


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Interferon-alpha , Interleukin-2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Perforin , Thalidomide
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271284

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy of CO2 laser combined with 32P-patch contact brachyradiotherapy for the treatment of keloids.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From 2001 to 2006, 121 cases with 151 keloids, which reoccurred after treatment with more than 2 methods, underwent continuous CO2 laser treatment to remove the hypertrophic scar tissue, following by ultra-pulse CO2 laser to treat the fresh granulation tissue. After wound healing, 32P-patch contact brachyradiotherapy was used for the lesion, 0.5-1 MBQ/cm2 for 72-96 hours, every 1-2 months. 2-3 treatment were applied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 151 keloids, good result was achieved in 111 keloids, and effective result in 40 keloids. Adverse effect included hyperpigmentation in 21 lesions and hypopigmentation in 32 lesions. The patients were followed up for 2-6 years without relapse.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CO2 laser combined with 32P-patch contact brachyradiotherapy is an effective and safe method for the treatment of recalcitrant keloids.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Keloid , Therapeutics , Lasers, Gas , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Middle Aged , Phosphates , Therapeutic Uses , Phosphorus Radioisotopes , Therapeutic Uses , Transdermal Patch , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286911

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) on the gene expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in cultured lung fibroblasts of embryonic rats in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Wistar rats of embryonic 19 days were used for primary culture of lung fibroblasts (LFs). The cells in the experimental group were treated by different concentrations (1, 5 or 10 ng/mL) and different durations (12, 24 or 48 hrs) of TGF-β1 to stimulate the LFs. The cells in the control group were cultured in serum-free medium. RT-PCR method was applied to detect CTGF mRNA expression in LFs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the levels of CTGF mRNA in LFs in the experimental group increased significantly (P<0.05). CTGF mRNA expression gradually increased with increasing concentration and duration of TGF-β1 treatment (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TGF-β1 can stimulate CTGF gene expression in LFs and increase CTGF gene expression in a dose-and time-dependent manner.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Connective Tissue Growth Factor , Genetics , Female , Fibroblasts , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Lung , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Pulmonary Fibrosis , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Pharmacology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230250

ABSTRACT

Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) is a new family of proteins produced in cells. It may play an important role in classic negative feedback loop to regulate cytokine signal transduction. SOCS-1 was observed and confirmed firstly. Expression of SOCS-1 can inhibit cytokine signal transduction of some cytokines, such as IL-6, LIF, OSM, INF-gamma, GH, and so on, many immune responses are regulated by them in vivo. Abnormal expression of SOCS-1 is closely related to some human diseases. It plays an important role in the development of leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. In this review, the advances of research on the relationship between SOCS-1 and cytokine, and its correlation with some diseases were summarized.


Subject(s)
DNA Methylation , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Leukemia , Genetics , Leukemia Inhibitory Factor , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 1 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Genetics , Physiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233519

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1) expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) of patients with acute and chronic myeloid leukemia and analyze its clinical significance, RT-PCR method was used for detecting SOCS-1 mRNA expression in PBMNC of 50 newly diagnosed patients. The result showed that positive expressions of SOCS-1 were observed in 4 of 25 patients with AML (16.00%), in 11 of 25 patients with CML (44.00%) and none in 10 normal controls. The differences between patients with AML and normal controls, and between patients with CML and normal controls were statistically significant. In CML group, 2 out of 12 cases with non-progression (chronic phase), 9 of 13 cases with progression showed the positive expression, the difference between two subgroups was statistically significant. Those CML patients with SOCS-1 mRNA expression had poor response to IFN-alpha. When they transformed into accelerated phase, SOCS-1 mRNA expression was more persistently and frequently observed, and no response to IFN-alpha was observed. Most of them had very poor prognosis. It is concluded that the SOCS-1 mRNA can be detected in the PBMNC of the patients with acute and chronic myeloid leukemia. The SOCS-1 mRNA expression in the patients with CML is higher than that in patients with AML, and it is higher in accelerated phase and blast crisis significantly. This phenomenon is highly related to the reaction of IFN-alpha and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interferon-alpha , Metabolism , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Genetics , Metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 1 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343903

ABSTRACT

In order to study whether plasma can affect the structure and function of red blood cells during their storage period, the differences of pH value, concentration of K(+), Na(+), osmotic fragility, plasma hemoglobin, AchE, ATP, 2.3-DPG, P50 in suspended RBC, washed RBC, and RBC with various plasma volume at different storage times were compared. The results showed that plasma helped the blood to keep the RBC at high pH value, low K(+), high Na(+) and maintain RBC-ATP, oxygen carry capacity and deformability, but no effect on maintenance of osmotic fragility, and levels of plasma hemoglobin, AchE, ATP and 2.3-DPG was found in preservated blood. In conclusion, human plasma may be in favour of the preservation of red blood cells.


Subject(s)
2,3-Diphosphoglycerate , Blood , Adenosine Triphosphate , Blood , Blood Preservation , Methods , Erythrocytes , Chemistry , Cell Biology , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Plasma , Physiology , Potassium , Blood , Reproducibility of Results , Sodium , Blood
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