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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690014

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore clinical application of three-dimensional printing technology to design individual angle section on Chevron of hallux valgus osteotomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From May 2013 to May 2016, 47 patients(66 feet) with mild to moderate hallux valgus treated by Chevron osteotomy according to different preoperative design were divided into computer osteotomy group(group A) and traditional osteotomy group(group B). In group A, there were 25 patients (33 feet), including 4 males(5 feet) and 21 females(28 feet) with an average age of (47.88±6.08) years old, average weight IMA was (13.58±1.15) degree, AOFAS score was 59.00±5.86, and treated individual 3D printing technology to design operation scheme. While in group B, there were 22 patients (33 feet), including 3 males (3 feet) and 19 females (28 feet) with an average age of (48.16±6.16) years old, average weight IMA was(13.51±1.14) degree, AOFAS score was 60.67±5.85, and treated with osteotomy according to surgical experience. Operation time, blood loss, hospital stays, VAS score at 1 week after operation, wound healing and improvement of postoperative weight-bearing intermetatarsal angle(IMA) were compared between two groups, AOFAS score system was used to evaluate ankle function after surgery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference in following-up between group A 12.41±2.32 and group B 11.73±2.76. There was 1 patient in group B were excluded. Others perform good wounds healing on the first stage after operation. There were no significant differences in operation time, blood loss, hospital stays and VAS score at 1 week after operation(<0.05); IMA in group A was (5.21±0.88)°, (6.42±0.85)° in group B, and had significant differences between two groups (=5.68, <0.05). There was obvious meaning in AOFAS score between group A 88.15±5.19 and group B 82.90±5.01(=4.14, <0.05). Fourteen feet in group A obtained excellent results and 19 feet good, while 5 feet in group B obtained excellent results and 27 feet good.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with traditional osteotomy group, three-dimensional printing technology to design individual angle section on Chevron of hallux valgus osteotomy could better correct IMA, improve postoperative foot function, and it is a kind of individualized and digital method to design operation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Hallux Valgus , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Metatarsal Bones , General Surgery , Middle Aged , Osteotomy , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Radiography , Treatment Outcome
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 479-487, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842624

ABSTRACT

To clarify the functions and mechanism of stimulated by retinoic acid gene 8 (Stra8) in spermatogenesis, we analyzed the testes from Stra8 knockout and wild-type mice during the first wave of spermatogenesis. Comparisons showed no significant differences in morphology and number of germ cells at 11 days postpartum, while 21 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with spermatogenesis were identified. We speculate that Stra8 performs many functions in different phases of spermatogenesis, such as establishment of spermatogonial stem cells, spermatogonial proliferation and self-renewal, spermatogonial differentiation and meiosis, through direct or indirect regulation of these DEGs. We therefore established a preliminary regulatory network of Stra8 during spermatogenesis. These results will provide a theoretical basis for further research on the mechanism underlying the role of Stra8 in spermatogenesis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281334

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the suitable surgical approach and the internal fixation of unstable pelvic pelvic fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From May 2010 to May 2015, 45 patients with unstable pelvic fractures were treated with different approaches and fixations, including 38 males and 7 females with an average age of 45 years ranging from 21 to 61 years. The course was within 2 weeks. According to Young-Burg classification, 23 patients were lateral compression injuries, 6 patients were vertical shearing injuries, 16 patients were anterior-posterior compression injuries. All patients had hip pain and limitation of motion, the X-rays showed the pelvic ring fracture.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All wounds healed well without complications, 45 cases were followed up for a mean period of 13 months (ranged 9 to 21 months). Patients with hip pain had a good postoperative pain relief. The post-operative X-rays showed the reduction was satisfied and the pelvic ring shaped well. According to Majeed standards, the final follow-up score was 93.5±11.6, 35 cases got excellent results, 8 were good, 2 were fare.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The unstable pelvic and acetabular fractures are always with compound injury. Beside the reduction, to decrease the second surgery trauma should take into consideration as well, the intra-articular reduction and the stability of the pelvic were especially valued, so combined the different approach with minimal invasive technique can get good clinical result.</p>

4.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 72-76, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304746

ABSTRACT

Spermiogenesis is a complex process of differentiation and morphologic alteration, in which sperm acrosome formation is an important stage. Acrosome is an essential component of the sperm head, which develops in four distinct phases: Golgi, cap, acro- somal, and maturation, each supported by precise and orderly regulation of various genes. The regulatory genes which act on Golgi ap- paratus include GOPC, Hrb, SPATA16, PICK1, and CK2α', those involved in the cap phase are Fads2, syntaxin 2, Kdm3a, and UBR7, and participating in acrosomal and maturation phases are KIFC1, Rnf19a, and DPY19L2. The abnormalities of these genes may affect male fertility by influencing the connection of the nuclear dense lamina and acroplaxome with the nuclear membrane and then the fusion and transportation of vesicles. This review focuses on the genes involved in different phases of acrosome formation.


Subject(s)
Acrosome , Physiology , Animals , Golgi Apparatus , Male , Mice , Sperm Head , Physiology , Spermatids , Spermatogenesis , Genetics , Spermatozoa
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301846

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of locking plate fixation through lateral deltoid approach for proximal humeral fracture combined with micro-invasive percutaneous plating (MIPPO) technique.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2009 to March 2012,26 patients with proximal humeral fractures were treated with proximal humeral locking system plate fixation through lateral deltoid approach, including 17 males and 9 females with an average age of 58 years old ranging from 28 to 76 years old. The time from injury to operation was 3 to 10 days (averaged 5.6 days). According to Neer typing for the proximal humeral fractures, 7 cases had 2 parts of fracture,15 had 3 parts of fracture,and 4 had 4 parts of fracture. The Neer score for shoulder function was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up,and the duration ranged from 10 to 21 months (averaged 13.6 months). All patients were achieved bony union,the average healing time was 12.5 weeks (ranged from 10 to 21 weeks). No humeral head necrosis and axillary nerve injury occurred. According to Neer scoring system,the total score was 88.36 +/- 7.82, pain 30.82 +/- 3.24, function 23.76 +/- 5.71, activity 17.59 +/- 5.36, anatomical position 7.03 +/- 2.39; the result was excellent in 18 cases, good in 5 cases, fair in 2 cases, poor in 1 case.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Lateral deltoid approach combined with locking plate fixation for treatment of proximal humeral fracture has advantages of small invasion,less blood lossing, short operative time, stable fixation, high rate of fracture healing, and satisfactory functional recovery.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Humeral Fractures , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Shoulder Fractures , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250724

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare different surgical approaches in order to obtain better surgical exposure and more reliable reset fixation according to the different types of quadrilateral area fractures of acetabular.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2006 to January 2011, 58 patients with the quadrilateral area fractures of acetabular were treated by surgical operation through the simple Kocher-Langenbeck (KL) approach, ilioinguinal approach, modified Stoppa approach, or combined surgical approach, or a combination of anterior column screw fixation percutaneously and modify Stoppa approach.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Forty-nine patients were followed up for an average time of 32 months ranging from 2 to 6 years. One patient with deep infection cured after treatment of effective antibiotics and drainage, 2 patients had a sciatic nerve injury, 2 cases of avascular necrosis of the femoral head. Among them, 36 cases were anatomical reducted, 8 were good and 5 were poor according to Matta's radiographic assessment system. According to the mean Merle d'Aubigne and Postel Score,32 patients got excellent result, 12 good,4 fair and 1 bad,the average score was (15.3 +/- 2.5).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Single classic surgical approach can only use for some types of the complex quadrilateral area fractures of acetabular while combination approach may need for some fractures. Modified Stoppa approach combined with ilioinguinal approach or a combination of anterior column acetabular screw fixation are the most effective surgical approaches for complex quadrilateral area fractures of acetabular.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Adult , Bone Screws , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344723

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical results and influence factors in surgical treatment of the Lisfranc joint injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From Jan. 2009 to Nov. 2011 ,13 patients (14 feet) with Lisfranc joiat injury received open reduction and screw or wire or external fixation including 9 males and 4 females with an average age of 42 years old ranging from 18 to 61 years. According to the Myerson classification,there were 1 case of type A, 9 of type B and 4 of type C. All the patients received open reduction and internal (1 with external) fixation with screw or Kirschner wire within 22 days after injury. The postoperative function was estimated by mid-foot scoring scale of AOFAS. X-ray were used in radiography estimation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up for 5 to 30 months (averaged 20 months). According to mid-foot scoring scale of AOFAS,there were 8 feet with excellent results,4 with good and 2 with fair results. The anatomical reduction was observed in 12 feet and all the patients obtained bony union according to the results of X-ray.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Open reduction and internal fixation is a good choice for the treatment of Lisfranc joint injury. A preoperative estimate,proper reduction during operation and maintainence after operation may influence the clinical results.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Foot Injuries , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tarsal Joints , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321894

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the methods and therapeutic effects of trans-fibular anterior-lateral approach combined with external fixation in the treatment of Gustilo III distal tibiofibula fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From 2007 to 2010,9 patients including 7 males and 2 females with the mean age of 40 years(ranging from 29 to 51 years). All patients received internal fixation of fibula after debridement on the first phase, external fixator were used to fix tibia across ankle joint, and removed after successful skin graft; The second phase tibia was used to fix through the lateral incision used in phase I. Early functional exercise was encouraged ,the union condition and functional results of the ankle joint was evealuated. The criteria of the AOFAS Foot and Ankle Surgery was used to evaluate the effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up,and the duration ranged for 8 to 37 months(averaged 21 months). Nine patients were achieved bony union, the average healing time was 24 weeks. No plate rupture or screw loosening was found. According to the AOFAS Foot and Ankle Surgery evaluation system, 3 cases got excellent results, 4 good cases and 2 fair.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Trans-fibular anterior-lateral approach combined with external fixation for Gustilo III distal tibiofibula fractures can receive satisfactory reset, debond ankle joint eralier and imporove the clinical effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Fibula , Fracture Fixation , Methods , Fractures, Bone , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Radiography , Tibia , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323185

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore a new technique of reduction and internal fixation for tibia intercondylar eminence fractures under arthroscopy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2004 to February 2006, 9 patients with fresh tibia intercondylar eminence fracture (type II in 4 cases and type III in 5 cases) were treated with reduction and internal fixation using suture anchors (Depuy Mitek) under arthroscopy. All the patients, subject to regular post-operation functional exercise, were followed up for 6 to 22 months. The results were evaluated in the aspects of fracture reduction healing, knee joint relaxation and ROM, and functional restoration of overall limbs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the nine patients, the tibia intercondylar eminence fractures healed without displacement and nonunion. No knee joint relaxation or extension-restriction was found. Lysholm score indicated 93.8 +/- 2.3 at the 6th postoperative months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The reduction and internal fixation of tibia intercondylar eminence fractures under arthroscopy using suture anchors demonstrate a reliable and easy-to-use technique. Operation under arthroscopy helps diagnose and treat other complications inside knee joint, merely resulting in slight injury. In addition,early functional exercise contributes to rapid recovery of knee joint's functions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Suture Anchors , Tibia , General Surgery , Tibial Fractures , General Surgery
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263728

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the therapeutic effects of three different intervertebral fusion with bone graft and internal fixation in the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In the retrospective study, 83 patients (38 males and 45 females, with an average age of 69 years) with cervical spondylotic myelopathy were divided into three groups. The patients in three groups were treated by autogenous iliac bone grafting (Robingson grafting) with anterior cervical plate-screw fixation, Pyramesh with anterior cervical plate-screw fixation and BAK fixation respectively. JOA scores and the bony fusion time were recorded and the results were evaluated by numeric computer system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The JOA scores of all the patients were higher than those before surgery (t = 1.55, P < 0.05). There were no statistical difference of JOA scores in the three groups (F = 2.51, P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is concluded that internal fixation of the three types is promising to the treatment of cervical spondlotic myelopathy. Robingson grafting with anterior cervical plate-screw fixation provides good stability and bony fusion. BAK is better technically required but there was height loss in clinic. Pyramesh with anterior cervical plate-screw fixation combines the merits of both two techniques above but the cost is higher.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Transplantation , Cervical Vertebrae , General Surgery , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Spinal Fusion , Methods , Spondylosis , General Surgery
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