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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 378-391, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011238

ABSTRACT

Gas therapy is emerging as a highly promising therapeutic strategy for cancer treatment. However, there are limitations, including the lack of targeted subcellular organelle accuracy and spatiotemporal release precision, associated with gas therapy. In this study, we developed a series of photoactivatable nitric oxide (NO) donors NRh-R-NO (R = Me, Et, Bn, iPr, and Ph) based on an N-nitrosated upconversion luminescent rhodamine scaffold. Under the irradiation of 808 nm light, only NRh-Ph-NO could effectively release NO and NRh-Ph with a significant turn-on frequency upconversion luminescence (FUCL) signal at 740 nm, ascribed to lower N-N bond dissociation energy. We also investigated the involved multistage near-infrared-controlled cascade release of gas therapy, including the NO released from NRh-Ph-NO along with one NRh-Ph molecule generation, the superoxide anion O2⋅- produced by the photodynamic therapy (PDT) effect of NRh-Ph, and highly toxic peroxynitrite anion (ONOO‒) generated from the co-existence of NO and O2⋅-. After mild nano-modification, the nanogenerator (NRh-Ph-NO NPs) empowered with superior biocompatibility could target mitochondria. Under an 808 nm laser irradiation, NRh-Ph-NO NPs could induce NO/ROS to generate RNS, causing a decrease in the mitochondrial membrane potential and initiating apoptosis by caspase-3 activation, which further induced tumor immunogenic cell death (ICD). In vivo therapeutic results of NRh-Ph-NO NPs showed augmented RNS-potentiated gas therapy, demonstrating excellent biocompatibility and effective tumor inhibition guided by real-time FUCL imaging. Collectively, this versatile strategy defines the targeted RNS-mediated cancer therapy.

2.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 335-341, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015223

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the three-dimensional finite element model of lumbar spine(L) 3-5 segments of the normal spine of 14-year-old adolescents to analyze the biomechanical changes of the lumbar spine after different degrees of lumbar foraminal plasty, and to provide reference for improvement of adolescent foraminoplasty. Methods A14-year-old female volunteer with no previous history of lumbar spine was selected to collect lumbar CT image data and we imported it into Mimics 16.0 software for modeling. ABAQUS software was used to conduct finite element model force analysis. Models M

3.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 519-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981300

ABSTRACT

Noise is one of the most common environmental hazards to which people are exposed,and the exposure to noise can cause not only hearing but also non-hearing damage.Although noise under safety limits may not affect the auditory system,it can cause changes in stress hormone levels,which is harmful to health.However,the current studies about the impact of noise on health mainly focus on the auditory system,and little is known about the relationship between noise and stress hormone levels.Therefore,this paper reviews the studies involving noise exposure and stress hormone levels,aiming to provide ideas for strengthening the prevention and control of noise hazards.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hearing , Noise/adverse effects , Hormones
4.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 776-784, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015265

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of facet joint asymmetry on lumbar biomechanics in normal and patients with adolescent lumbar disc hemiation (ALDH). Methods Mimics 21.0, 3-Matic Medical 13.0, Geomagic Wrap 2017, HyperMesh 2019 and finite element software ABAQUS 2021 were combined to establish three-dimensional finite element models of nonnal lower lumbar spine and adolescent lumbar disc hemiation. According to the difference between the left and right facet joints, three cases of nonnal and ALDH patients aged 13-18 years old were selected, with a total of 6 cases. The stress of intervertebral disc under different torque loads (neutral position, lateral flexion and rotation) was analyzed and compared. Results 1. Three dimensional finite element models of L3-L, segments were established in 6 male nonnal and adolescent patients with lumbar disc herniation, and the stress and displacement nephogram of lumbar disc hemiation in nonnal neutral position, flexion, extension, lateral flexion and rotation were obtained; 2. The stress of L4_, annulus fibrosus increased when the facet joint angle of nonnal adolescents was symmetrical in the neutral position; 3. The stress of annulus fibrosus was greater than that of nucleus pulposus under different conditions, and the stress of annulus fibrosus was flexion > neutral position > extension; 4. In patients with ALDH, the left side of the facet joint was larger than the right 10 ° model, and the stress in the posterior side of the annulus fibrosus of L4_, segment increased significantly under extension condition. Under lateral flexion condition, the left stress of the left annulus fibrosus was compared with the right stress of the right annulus fibrosus, t = l. 575, P<0. 05, the difference was statistically significant, the right stress of the right annulus fibrosus was greater than the left stress of the left annulus fibrosus. Under the rotating condition, the stress on the left and right sides of the fiber ring was greater than that on the back side. Conclusion 1. Compared with nonnal and patients with ALDH, the stress of intervertebral disc increases under different postures, which ma)' increase the shear load of intervertebral disc and aggravate the process of intervertebral disc degeneration; 2. When the degree of left-right asymmetry of facet joint is more than 10 degrees, the stress on the side with small degree is greater. Facet joint asymmetry can lead to the overload of vertebral bod)' and intervertebral disc, leading to spinal instability; 3. The stress of intervertebral disc in extension is less than that in neutral position and flexion. Extension can relieve the pressure of intervertebral disc and play an auxiliary role in the recovery of patients with ALDH.

5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 215-222, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928924

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the prescription patterns of different dosage forms of Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and their effects on immune-inflammatory indices.@*METHODS@#Clinical data were collected from patients with RA in 4 hospitals (3 Class A comprehensive hospitals and 1 Class B comprehensive hospital) in Anhui Province, China, from August 2012 to June 2018 via the electronic medical record gathering system. Following extraction of prescription information, each prescribed herb was quantified and standardized according to the knowledge base to establish a database of RA treatment formulae. The medical records were divided into the granules group and decoction pieces group. Core herbs and their combination patterns were obtained from the two groups of cases using Liquorice software. Changes in immune-inflammatory and hepatic and renal function indices were compared between the two groups using SPSS 23.0 software. The Aprior module of SPSS Clementine 11.1 software was applied to analyse the correlation between CHMs and improvement in indices. Finally, the ORACLE 10 g tool was used to evaluate the random walk model of the immune-inflammatory indices between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#(1) We retrospectively analysed 35,898 prescriptions for 6,829 patients with RA who received CHM treatment. There were 3,816 patients in the granules group and 3,013 in the decoction pieces group. (2) The core herbs were Pi (Spleen)-strengthening and dampness-resolving drugs, blood-activating and stasis-resolving drugs, wind/dampness-dispelling drugs and heat-clearing and detoxifying drugs. (3) Both dosage forms could improve immune-inflammatory indices in RA patients, with similar efficacy and no influence on hepatic or renal function. (4) Herba Siegesbeckiae and Oldenlandia had a stronger association with immune-inflammatory indices in the two groups. (5) The immune-inflammatory indices showed obvious improvement after treatment with granules and decoction pieces of CHMs, and there were long range correlations between the comprehensive evaluation indices and interventions.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The principal CHM treatment methods for RA in four hospitals in Anhui Province are strengthening Pi and resolving dampness, activating blood and resolving stasis, dispelling wind/dampness and clearing heat. Granules and decoction pieces of CHMs have similar efficacy in improving immune-inflammatory indices in RA patients and could be used as treatment options for RA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Retrospective Studies
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1168-1172, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929500

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the macular retina vascular density of patients with acute central retinal artery occlusion(CRAO)by optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)and to analyze the relationship with retinal circulation time of these patients on fundus fluorescein angiography(FFA).METHODS: Retrospective case analysis. A total of 43 patients(43 eyes)from January 2019 to March 2021 admitted to Shaanxi Eye Hospital with clinical diagnosis of acute CRAO(course of disease ≤7d)were included. All patients underwent FFA, OCTA, best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)examination and thrombolytic therapy. The patients with enhanced or unchanged retinal blood flow signal in the affected eye showed on OCTA before treatment compared with the contralateral healthy eye were assigned to group A, and the patients with retinal blood flow signal of the affected eye was lower than that in the contralateral healthy eye by OCTA were assigned to group B. Image J software was used for OCTA image processing to evaluate the macular retina vascular density before treatment, and FFA examination was performed to record the affected retinal circulation time before treatment.RESULTS: The retinal vascular density of patients in the affected eye and the contralateral healthy eye in group A was higher than that in group B(25.08%±4.40% vs 12.24%±3.41%, 25.72%±2.70% vs 17.89%±4.55%, all P&#x003C;0.001), the filling time(FT)of retinal artery trunk to terminal in group B [96(20.50, 193.50)s] was longer than that in group A [11(5.00, 19.50)s](P&#x003C;0.001). The course of disease, the retinal vascular density of contralateral healthy eye and FT were related factors of retinal vascular density of the affected eye(all P&#x003C;0.05), and the influence strength order was FT, course of disease and the retinal vascular density of contralateral healthy eye, in which the course of disease and FT was negatively correlated with the retinal vascular density.CONCLUSION: OCTA retinal vascular density was correlated with FFA retinal circulation time in CRAO patients.

7.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 84-90, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015503

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the anatomical structure of the occipital condyle (OC) and the occipital foramen (FM) by three-dimensional reconstruction, and to analyze the morphological characteristics and relative positional relationship of the occipital condyle and occipital foramen, in order to provide anatomical parameters for the imaging diagnosis of the craniocervical junction and the choice of surgical approach. Methods Sixty normal subjects were selected with CT scans of the skull and upper cervical spine, including 30 males and 30 females, aged 20-65 (48. 18±16. 17) years old. The data were imported into the Syngo.via VB10B software, and the skull was reconstructed in three dimensions. To observe the shape of the occipital condyle and occipital foramen, and to measure the occipital condyle length, width, height, condyle inclination angle(CIA), longitudinal diameter, transverse diameter, area of the occipital foramen, the maximum distance between the cranial eyebrow and the posterior cranial point (SML), the crimson eyebrow on the SML line, the distance from the interpoint to the posterior margin of the occipital condyle (GOCP), the vertical distance between the anterior edge of the occipital foramen to the posterior margin of the occipital condyle (AOCP), and the distance from the medial margin of the left and right occipital condyles to the Y axis (OC-M), left and right occipital condyle posterior margin to X axis distance (OC-P); occipital condyle classification index (OCI), occipital condyle relative index of head (SOCI), midpoint on the SML straight line to the occipital condyle Marginal connection distance (COCP,COCP =GOCP-SML/ 2), and determine the type of relative positional relationship between left and right occipital condyles. Results The differences in anatomical length, width and height of the occipital condyle were statistically significant (P<0. 05), and men were larger than women; the occipital foramen area, longitudinal diameter of the occipital foramen, SML, GOCP, AOCP had statistical differences (P<0. 05). The lateral differences of occipital condyle inclination were statistically significant (P<0. 05), and the left side was greater than the right side. The differences in OC-M and OC-P sides were statistically significant (P<0. 05). The former was larger on the right than on the left; the latter was larger on the left than on the right. The longitudinal diameter of the occipital foramen was positively correlated with the area of the occipital foramen and AOCP; OCI classification result were as follows: typeⅠ(OCI<0. 45) had 8 cases (13. 33%), type Ⅱ (0. 45≤OCI<0. 50) had 47 cases (78. 33%), type Ⅲ (OCI≥0. 50) had 5 cases (8. 33%). SOCI classification result were as follows: type Ⅰ (SOCI< 0. 60) had 2 cases (3. 33%), type Ⅱ (0. 60≤SOCI<0. 75) had 54 cases (90. 00%), type Ⅲ (SOCI≥0. 75) had 4 cases (6. 67%). Conclusion The anatomical parameters of the occipital condyle in Inner Mongolia can be implanted with occipital condylar screws. The position of the occipital condyle relative to the foramen magnum and the skull is highly variable.

8.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 609-617, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015432

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide method for clinical teaching and research, for young doctors to quickly shorten the surgical learning time, a three-dimensional model of the kidney was reconstructed to simulate the effect of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy in virtual and conventional surgery. Methods A total of 30 patients with kidney stones treated in Liangxiang Hospital in Fangshan District of Beijing from December 2017 to February 2019 were randomly selected as the experimental group, while the control group was 30 normal subjects who underwent physical examination in same hospital during the same period. After collecting CT scan data of the two groups of patients, Mimics 16.0 was used. The software was used for image segmentation and fusion to reconstruct the three-dimensional model of the kidney. Observation indexes such as calix puncture, puncture point, puncture depth and channel selection were recorded in the virtual simulation operation. Total hospital stay, average operation time, average amount of blood loss, average postoperative hospital stay and incidence of postoperative complications were recorded. Results Virtual surgery simulation and the actual operation of the puncture point conformity degree was 100%. There was no significant difference of the average length of hospital stay between the two groups (P> 0.05). The average blood loss, the average length of hospital stay and postoperative complications between the two groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). The virtual simulation surgery average blood loss reduced, the average postoperative hospital stay shortened, and the incidence of symptoms decreased. Conclusion Virtual simulation surgery can realize individualized preoperative evaluation and surgical design of kidney stone patients, and provide accurate diagnosis and treatment basis for clinicians.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2421-2429, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Empiric therapy for patients with unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss (URPL) is not precise. Some patients will ask for assisted reproductive technology due to secondary infertility or advanced maternal age. The clinical outcomes of URPL patients who have undergone in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) require elucidation. The IVF outcome and influencing factors of URPL patients need further study.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was designed, and 312 infertile patients with URPL who had been treated during January 2012 to December 2015 in the Reproduction Center of Peking University Third Hospital were included. By comparing clinical outcomes between these patients and those with tubal factor infertility (TFI), the factors affecting the clinical outcomes of URPL patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The clinical pregnancy rate (35.18% vs. 34.52% in fresh ET cycles, P = 0.877; 34.48% vs. 40.27% in frozen-thawed ET cycles, P = 0.283) and live birth rate (LBR) in fresh ET cycles (27.67% vs. 26.59%, P = 0.785) were not significantly different between URPL group and TFI group. URPL group had lower LBR in frozen-thawed ET cycles than that of TFI group (23.56% vs. 33.56%, P = 0.047), but the cumulative LBRs (34.69% vs. 38.26%, P = 0.368) were not significantly different between the two groups. The increased endometrial thickness (EMT) on the human chorionic gonadotropin day (odds ratio [OR]: 0.848, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.748-0.962, P = 0.010) and the increased number of eggs retrieved (OR: 0.928, 95% CI: 0.887-0.970, P = 0.001) were protective factors for clinical pregnancy in stimulated cycles. The increased number of eggs retrieved (OR: 0.875, 95% CI: 0.846-0.906, P < 0.001), the increased two-pronucleus rate (OR: 0.151, 95% CI: 0.052-0.437, P < 0.001), and increased EMT (OR: 0.876, 95% CI: 0.770-0.997, P = 0.045) in ET day were protective factors for the cumulative live birth outcome.@*CONCLUSION@#After matching ages, no significant differences in clinical outcomes were found between the patients with URPL and the patients with TFI. A thicker endometrium and more retrieved oocytes increase the probability of pregnancy in fresh transfer cycles, but a better normal fertilization potential will increase the possibility of a live birth.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Abortion, Habitual , Embryo Transfer , Fertilization in Vitro , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 744-751, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922098

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the synergistic effect of Naoxintong Capsule (NXTC, ) and Guhong Injection (GHI, ) on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury.@*METHODS@#Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 6 groups: control group, oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) group, nimodipine group (9.375 mg/kg), NXTC group (0.5 g/kg), GHI group (5 mL/kg) and NXTC+GHI group (0.5 g/kg NXTC+5 mL/kg GHI), after the onset of reperfusion and once per day for the following 7 days. Blood was collected 1 h after final administration, and the sera were collected. Cultured primary rat brain microvascular endothelial cells (rBMECs) were subjected to OGD to establish a cell injury model. Untreated rBMECs were used as blank control. The cell counting kit-8 assay was used to assess cell viability using the sera. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels were assessed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Apoptosis was evaluated after Hoechst33342 staining using fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. JC-1 staining was performed to assess changes in mitochondrial membrane potential.@*RESULTS@#Statistical analysis indicated that more than 95% of the cells were rBMECs. Compared with the OGD group, the cellular morphology of the all drug delivery groups improved. In particular, the combined drug group had the most significant effect. Compared with the OGD group, all drug intervention groups induced a decrease in the apoptotic rate of rBMECs, increased the SOD levels, and decreased the MDA levels (all P<0.01). Compared with the mono-therapy groups, the NXTC+GHI group exhibited a significant improvement in the number of apoptotic rBMECs (P<0.01). All drug intervention groups showed different degrees of increase in membrane potential, and the NXTC+GHI group was higher than the NXTC or GHI group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The combinationa application of NXTC and GHI on cerebral I/R injury clearly resulted in protective benefits.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis , Brain , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Endothelial Cells , Glutamine/analogs & derivatives , Plant Extracts , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy
11.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 656-665, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888678

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To obtain the subtypes of the clinical hypertension population based on symptoms and to explore the relationship between hypertension and comorbidities.@*METHODS@#The data set was collected from the Chinese medicine (CM) electronic medical records of 33,458 hypertension inpatients in the Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine between July 2014 and May 2017. Then, a hypertension disease comorbidity network (HDCN) was built to investigate the complicated associations between hypertension and their comorbidities. Moreover, a hypertension patient similarity network (HPSN) was constructed with patients' shared symptoms, and 7 main hypertension patient subgroups were identified from HPSN with a community detection method to exhibit the characteristics of clinical phenotypes and molecular mechanisms. In addition, the significant symptoms, diseases, CM syndromes and pathways of each main patient subgroup were obtained by enrichment analysis.@*RESULTS@#The significant symptoms and diseases of these patient subgroups were associated with different damaged target organs of hypertension. Additionally, the specific phenotypic features (symptoms, diseases, and CM syndromes) were consistent with specific molecular features (pathways) in the same patient subgroup.@*CONCLUSION@#The utility and comprehensiveness of disease classification based on community detection of patient networks using shared CM symptom phenotypes showed the importance of hypertension patient subgroups.

12.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 646-650, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843196

ABSTRACT

Objective • To investigate the clinical value of 18F-flurodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/ CT)-guided percutaneous biopsy in peritoneal thickening of unknown origin. Methods • Ten cases of peritoneal thicken of unknown origin including 4 males and 6 females were analyzed. After 18F-FDG PET/CT examination, the peritoneal thickening regions with high 18F-FDG uptake were selected for the target areas. Percutaneous biopsy was operated under the guidance of the same PET/CT machine. Results • All lesions were successfully obtained by one-time puncture without serious complications, and histopathological diagnosis revealed that 7 cases were malignant, including 4 cases of peritoneal metastasis and 3 cases of lymphoma. The remaining cases were 1 case of pseudomyxoma, 1 case of tuberculosis and 1 case of inflammatory lesions. The accuracy of biopsy was 100%. Conclusion • 18F-FDG PET/CT-guided peritoneal percutaneous biopsy is a safe and effective method, and may play an important role in differential diagnosis and treatment management.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1711-1718, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827581

ABSTRACT

Mammalian follicles are composed of oocytes, granulosa cells, and theca cells. Theca cells form in the secondary follicles, maintaining follicular structural integrity and secreting steroid hormones. Two main sources of theca cells exist: Wilms tumor 1 positive (Wt1) cells native to the ovary and Gli1 mesenchymal cells migrated from the mesonephros. Normal folliculogenesis is a process where oocytes, granulosa cells, and theca cells constantly interact with and support each other through autocrine and paracrine mechanisms. The proliferation and differentiation of theca cells are regulated by oocyte-derived factors, including growth development factor 9 and bone morphogenetic protein 15, and granulosa cell-derived factors, including desert hedgehog, Indian hedgehog, kit ligand, insulin-like growth factor 1, as well as hormones such as insulin and growth hormones. Current research on the origin of theca cells is limited. Identifying the origin of theca cells will help us to systematically elaborate the mechanisms of follicular formation and development.

14.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 169-174, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787753

ABSTRACT

To analyze the etiology and epidemiological characteristics of gastroenteritis virus in foodborne diseases from three cities in Shandong. From January to December 2017, six sentinel hospitals in Jinan, Yantai and Linyi city of Shandong Province were selected as the research sites. Stool samples of 1 397 diarrhea patients were collected, as well as basic information and clinical symptoms. Duplex quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect Norovirus genogroupⅠ (Nov GⅠ) and genogroupⅡ (Nov GⅡ), Sapovirus (SAV) and Human astrovirus (HAstV), respectively, quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect group A Rotavirus (RVA), and quantitative PCR was used to detect Enteric adenovirus (EAdV). The specific gene of the virus were sequenced and typed. It was compared that the gastroenteritis virus rate in cases with different characteristics and the clinical symptoms difference between the virus positive and negative cases. The median age ((25), (75)) was 23 (1, 42) , mainly male, 57.48% with 803 cased and children under 5 years old, 36.36% with 508 cases. The positive rate of gastroenteritis virus was 33.93% (474 cases), and that of Jinan, Linyi and Yantai City were 32.03% (147/459), 41.54% (189/455) and 28.57% (138/483), respectively (0.001). Nov GⅡ had the highest positive rate, 16.54% (231 cases), which, mainly GⅡ.P16/GⅡ.2 (48.28%, 56/116), peaked in May (24.75%, 50/202) and June (19.59%, 38/194). In patients of gastroenteritis virus positive, 44.51% (211/474) had vomiting symptoms, higher than that of patients of gastroenteritis virus negative (34.13%, 315/923). The difference was statistically significant (0.001). In Shandong Province, the majority of gastroenteritis patients were male and children under 5 years old. Nov GⅡ possessed highest epidemic intensity, and peaked in spring and summer. Viral gastroenteritis had atypical clinical symptoms.

15.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 887-894, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777104

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Tongxiening Granules (, TXNG) in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome with predominant diarrhea (IBS-D).@*METHODS@#A randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, and positive parallel controlled clinical trial was conducted from October 2014 to March 2016. Totally 342 patients from 13 clinical centers were enrolled and randomly assigned (at the ratio of 1:1) to a treatment group (171 cases) and a control group (171 cases) by a random coding table. The patients in the treatment group were administered orally with TXNG (5 g per time) combined with pinaverium bromide Tablet simulator (50 mg per time), 3 times per day. The patients in the control group were given TXNG simulator (5 g per time) combined with pinaverium bromide Tablets (50 mg per time), 3 times per day. The treatment course lasted for 6 weeks. The improvement of Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptom Severity Score (IBS-SSS) was used to evaluate the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included adequate relief (AR) rate, Irritable Bowel Syndrome-Quality of Life Questionnaire (IBS-QOL), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), and the recurrence rate at follow-ups. Safety indices including the adverse events (AEs) and related laboratory tests were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Primary outcome: IBS-SSS at baseline, weeks 2, 4, 6 showed no statistical significance in both full analysis set (FAS) and per protocol set (PPS, P>0.05). After 6 weeks of treatment, the total effective rate of IBS-SSS scores in the treatment group (147/171,86.0%) was higher than the control group (143/171, 83.6%) by FAS (P>0.05). In regard to secondary outcomes, after 6-week treatment, there was no significant difference in AR rate, total score of IBS-QOL, improvement of HAMD and HAMA total scores between the two groups (P>0.05). The recurrence rate at 8-week follow-up was 12.35% (10/18) in treatment group and 15.79% (12/76) in control group, respectively (P>0.05). A total of 21 AEs occurred in 15 cases, of which 11 occurred in 8 cases in the treatment group and 10 AEs in 7 cases in the control group. The incidence of AEs had no statistical significance between the two goups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Tongxiening Granules could relieve the symptoms of patients with IBS-D and the treatment effect was comparable to pinaverium bromide. (No. ChiCTR-IPR-15006415).

16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 232-238, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776523

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To quantitatively investigate the effects of Ringer's solution with different concentrations of alcohol (1%~80%) on biphasic compound action potentials (AP) from frog sciatic nerve trunk, and their recoveries from alcohol effects.@*METHODS@#Individual segments of frog sciatic nerve trunk with a length of 6 to 8 cm were prepared. Ringer's solution with different concentrations of alcohol (0%, 1%, 2%, 4%, 8%, 16%, 32%, 48%, 64% and 80%) was applied onto the segment of the trunk between the stimulus and ground electrodes via an agent reservoir which was newly armed in a nerve trunk shielded chamber for 5 minutes. The nerve trunk was respectively electro-stimulated to generate the biphasic compound AP which was recorded using the experimental system of BL-420F. This was followed by 5 times washout plus 5 min administration with Ringer's solution before recovery recording of AP.@*RESULTS@#Compared to normal Ringer's solution, Ringer's solution with alcohol at ≤4% did not have dramatic impacts on the AP amplitude and conduction velocity, while Ringer's solution with alcohol at ≥8% there was significant decrease in these two parameters. Ringer's solution with alcohol at the conentrations of 16%, 32% and ≥48% could prevent a small proportion (30%), a large proportion (90%) and all (100%) of sciatic nerve trunks, respectively, from generating AP. Washout with normal Ringer's solution after alcohol application at the concentration of ≤32%, AP could totally recover to normal status. While alcohol at the concentration of 48%, 64% and 80%, the probabilities to regenerate APs were 90%, 40% and 0%, and the AP amplitudes were decreased to 60%, 36% and 0%, respectively. After washout, AP conduction velocity showed no difference with alcohol at the concentration of ≤8% when compared with that before washout, while it could not be recovered to normal under alcohol at ≥16%.@*CONCLUSION@#Ringer's solution with different concentrations of alcohol exerts different effects on biphasic compound AP amplitude and conduction velocity. Hopefully, our findings could be helpful for the alcoholic usage and its recovery from alcoholic damage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Action Potentials , Anura , Ethanol , Pharmacology , Ringer's Solution , Pharmacology , Sciatic Nerve
17.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 3318-3325, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851835

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the protective effects and mechanism of Naoxintong Capsules (NXT) on primary cultured neonate rat brain microvascular endothelial cells (rBMECs) induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation. Methods: The primary cultured rBMECs model was established and the identification of rabbit anti-rat VIII factor was carried out. MTT was used to screen out the concentration range of NXT intestinal absorption solution to pretect rBMEC in vitro, three doses were selected for experiment. The experimental groups were divided into control group, model group, nimodipine group (200 μg/mL, NXT intestinal absorption solution group (62.50 mg/L, 125.00 mg/L, and 250.00 mg/L), and NXT intestinal absorption solution (250.00 mg/L) and LY294002 (20 μmol/L, PI3K/Akt pathway inhibitor) co-administration group. The morphology of rBMECs was observed under inverted microscope. The expression of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) in the cell supernatant was detected by ELISA kit. The apoptosis was observed by Hoechst33342 staining fluorescence microscope. The early apoptotic rate of rBMECs in each group was detected by FCM, and the expression of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway key proteins was detected by Western blotting. Results: Compared with model group, the administration of NXT could significantly improve the morphology of rBMECs, decrease the intracellular levels of LDH and MMP-9, significantly reduce the number of apoptotic cells and early apoptotic rate of rBMECs, and inhibit the expression of p-Akt, Bcl-2 upregulation, decrease the expression of Bax, and inhibit caspase-3 activity. The addition of LY294002, a specific inhibitor of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, blocked the signal transduction of this pathway and significantly reduced the protective effect of NXT. Conclusion: NXT have protective effects on rBMECs induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation, and its mechanism is related to the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

18.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 846-849,860, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702829

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the mechanism of kidney-replenishing herb in regulating the tolerance of fetal-maternal interface and the effect of IDO on modulating the phenotype of decidual NK cells. Methods: Indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase ( IDO) expression in villus tissues from normal pregnancies and recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) patients was monitored by immunohisto-chemistry (IHC). IDO expression in HTR-8/Svneo cells treated with control or herb serum medium was detected by flow cytometry (FCM). The influence of kidney-replenishing herb on modulating the phenotype of NK cells,CD16 and CD56 expression in peripheral NK cells co-cultured with control or herb serum medium in the presence or absence of 1-methyltryptophan (1-MT) treated HTR-8/Svneo cells were measured by FCM. Results: IDO expression was decreased in villus tissue of RSA patients compared to normal preg-nancies. Herb medium could increase the IDO expression of HTR-8/Svneo. Kidney-replenishing herb could enhance the regulatory function of trophoblasts on NK cells and further induce the immune tolerance at fetal-maternal interface in IDO dependent and independent manners. Conclusion: Kidney-replenishing herb can modulate the phenotype of peripheral NK cell by up-regulating IDO expression in trophoblasts and play a role in the treatment of RSA patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 60-65, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702439

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the change of expression of neuroligin1 (NL1) in injured spinal cord in rats. Methods A total of 60 adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group (n=30) and experi-ment group (n=30), and both groups were further arranged into three days, seven days, 14 days, 21 days, and 28 days subgroups. The control group accepted T9-11 laminectomy, while the experiment group was injured at T10 spi-nal cord hit by Allen's technique (10 g×25 mm). They were assessed with Basso, Beattie & Bresnahan locomotor rating scale (BBB scale), in their time-points, while Golgi-Cox staining was used to observe the variation of den-drites and density of dendritic spine in the white matter located at upper end of spinal cord injured center, and im-munofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression of NL1. Results The score of BBB scale reduced in the experiment group compared with that in the control group in every sub-group (P<0.001). Compared to the control group, both dendrites and density of dendritic spine in the white mat-ter decreased with time after injury (P<0.001), while the level of NL1 increased three days after injury, peaked on the 14th day after injury (P<0.05). Conclusion NL1 increases spontaneously after spinal cord injury, but it is not enough to promote synaptic regeneration.

20.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1713-1718, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698602

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Acetabulum anterior column shape is complex, and closed to femoral artery, and femoral nerve. Fixed screws easily went into the acetabulum. Currently, there was less data on quantitative anatomy data of pelvic acetabulum fracture with anterior column plate internal fixation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the pelvis gender differences by analyzing digital anatomical features of normal adult acetabulum anterior column section through digital three-dimensional reconstruction and measurement. METHODS: Totally 30 normal adults (half male and half female) received pelvic CT scans, and data were obtained. Using Materialise Mimics Innovation Suite 16.0 software, the boundary of the pelvis was used as reference line for sectioning. The obturator groove, iliopubic eminence, anterior inferior iliac spine, and the anterior superior iliac spine were used as a reference mark. In 15 males and 15 females (30 sides), the corresponding boundary line from obturator groove to the anterior superior iliac spine of acetabular anterior column was sliced into 5 mm-thick sections. The tangent line was vertical to the boundary line. The tangent plane was vertical to the upper plane of the anterior column. The angle and length of each section 5, 10, 15 mm points from the boundary line to the acetabulum, and the perpendicular distance from anterior and posterior edges of the acetabulum to anterior inferior iliac spine, iliopubic eminence and the pubic tubercle. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Acetabular anterior column from the obturator groove to the anterior superior iliac spine section was not significantly different (P > 0.05). (2) No matter in males or females, the tangent angle of the fifth layer section was minimum, and the tangent length of the sixth layer section was longest. The length and angle of the second slice at 5 mm point were not significantly different between males and females. However, above indexes in others were significantly larger in females than in males (P < 0.05). (3) Results indicated that in different fracture ranges and different fixation plate positions, the angle and length of pedicle screws are dynamic, so we only selected in accordance with above range, but cannot fix in a certain value. The design of the most accurate and effective placement angle and length should be aimed at nailing design parameters for each individual patient. The use of Mimics software can be used for three-dimensional reconstruction of CT data of adult acetabular anterior column fracture, and can measure the number of indexes, and provide a theoretical reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of acetabular anterior column fracture.

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