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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818936

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemic situation of malaria and explore the targeted control strategy in Guangxi from 2011 to 2018. Methods The malaria surveillance data were collected in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from 2011 to 2018, and a descriptive method was employed to analyze the epidemiological features of the malaria cases. Results A total of 2 944 malaria cases were reported in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from 2011 to 2018, including a case with local infection (0.03%) and 2 943 imported cases (99.97%). There were 2 933 cases (99.63%) positive for Plasmodium confirmed by laboratory testing, including 2 166 cases (73.86%) with P. falciparum malaria, 388 cases (13.23%) with P. ovale malaria, 276 cases (9.41%) with P. vivax malaria, 40 cases (1.36%) with P. malariae malaria and 62 cases (2.11%) with mixed infections, and 11 clinically diagnosed cases (0.37%). The malaria cases were distributed in 91 counties (districts) of 14 cities in Guangxi, with the largest number of cases found in Nanning City (2 515 cases, 85.43%). The malaria cases were originated from 29 countries in Africa (94.67%), 7 countries in Southeast Asia (5.10%), one country in South America (0.07%), 2 countries in South Asia and China (0.10%). In African countries, most malaria cases were from Ghana (1 947 cases, 66.13%), and in Southeast Asian countries, most cases were from Myanmar (75 cases, 2.55%). Most malaria cases were young men, and 2 899 cases (98.13%) were male, while 2 583 cases (87.74%) were at ages of 20 to 49 years. Gold washing and mining was the predominant occupation (2 561 cases, 86.99%), and the malaria cases were reported in each month across the year, with the largest number of cases detected in June (665 cases, 22.59%), while no season-specific distribution was found. There were 1 431 cases (48.61%) reported by disease control and prevention institutions, 1 511 cases (51.30%) reported by medical institutions, and 2 cases (0.07%) reported by inspection and quarantine institutions. During the period from 2011 to 2018, there were 6 deaths of imported malaria cases in Guangxi, and no secondary cases were reported. Conclusions The epidemic situation of local malaria has been effectively controlled in Guangxi; however, there is a great challenge for the management of overseas imported malaria. Strengthening the monitoring and management of migrant labors is the key to consolidate the achievements of malaria elimination.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818931

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand Clonorchis sinensis infections in cats in Nanning City, so as to provide evidence for the control of the reservoir host of C. sinensis. Methods The cat livers were purchased from cat slaughterhouses in Nanning City. The cat gallbladder and liver were dissected, and liver flukes were collected and counted. Then, the worms were subjected to morphological observation, amplification of the ITS2 gene and sequencing. The species of the worms were identified using BLAST. Results A total of 105 cat livers were collected from two cat slaughterhouses, and 68 were detected with C. sinensis infections, with an infection rate of 64.76%. The highest burden was 980 worms in a single liver, and the mean burden was 72 worms in a liver. There were 3 types of liver flukes with various size and morphology, and all were identified as C. sinensis by means of morphological observation, ITS2 gene amplification, sequencing and sequence alignment. Conclusion There is a high infection rate of C. sinensi in marketed cats in Nanning City, and it is therefore suggested that targeted interventions should be intensified for the management of C. sinensis infections in cats.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818484

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemic situation of malaria and explore the targeted control strategy in Guangxi from 2011 to 2018. Methods The malaria surveillance data were collected in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from 2011 to 2018, and a descriptive method was employed to analyze the epidemiological features of the malaria cases. Results A total of 2 944 malaria cases were reported in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from 2011 to 2018, including a case with local infection (0.03%) and 2 943 imported cases (99.97%). There were 2 933 cases (99.63%) positive for Plasmodium confirmed by laboratory testing, including 2 166 cases (73.86%) with P. falciparum malaria, 388 cases (13.23%) with P. ovale malaria, 276 cases (9.41%) with P. vivax malaria, 40 cases (1.36%) with P. malariae malaria and 62 cases (2.11%) with mixed infections, and 11 clinically diagnosed cases (0.37%). The malaria cases were distributed in 91 counties (districts) of 14 cities in Guangxi, with the largest number of cases found in Nanning City (2 515 cases, 85.43%). The malaria cases were originated from 29 countries in Africa (94.67%), 7 countries in Southeast Asia (5.10%), one country in South America (0.07%), 2 countries in South Asia and China (0.10%). In African countries, most malaria cases were from Ghana (1 947 cases, 66.13%), and in Southeast Asian countries, most cases were from Myanmar (75 cases, 2.55%). Most malaria cases were young men, and 2 899 cases (98.13%) were male, while 2 583 cases (87.74%) were at ages of 20 to 49 years. Gold washing and mining was the predominant occupation (2 561 cases, 86.99%), and the malaria cases were reported in each month across the year, with the largest number of cases detected in June (665 cases, 22.59%), while no season-specific distribution was found. There were 1 431 cases (48.61%) reported by disease control and prevention institutions, 1 511 cases (51.30%) reported by medical institutions, and 2 cases (0.07%) reported by inspection and quarantine institutions. During the period from 2011 to 2018, there were 6 deaths of imported malaria cases in Guangxi, and no secondary cases were reported. Conclusions The epidemic situation of local malaria has been effectively controlled in Guangxi; however, there is a great challenge for the management of overseas imported malaria. Strengthening the monitoring and management of migrant labors is the key to consolidate the achievements of malaria elimination.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818479

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand Clonorchis sinensis infections in cats in Nanning City, so as to provide evidence for the control of the reservoir host of C. sinensis. Methods The cat livers were purchased from cat slaughterhouses in Nanning City. The cat gallbladder and liver were dissected, and liver flukes were collected and counted. Then, the worms were subjected to morphological observation, amplification of the ITS2 gene and sequencing. The species of the worms were identified using BLAST. Results A total of 105 cat livers were collected from two cat slaughterhouses, and 68 were detected with C. sinensis infections, with an infection rate of 64.76%. The highest burden was 980 worms in a single liver, and the mean burden was 72 worms in a liver. There were 3 types of liver flukes with various size and morphology, and all were identified as C. sinensis by means of morphological observation, ITS2 gene amplification, sequencing and sequence alignment. Conclusion There is a high infection rate of C. sinensi in marketed cats in Nanning City, and it is therefore suggested that targeted interventions should be intensified for the management of C. sinensis infections in cats.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775083

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the relationship between serum microRNA-122 (miR-122) and insulin resistance in obese children.@*METHODS@#Forty-seven children with severely obesity aged 7-14 years and 45 age- and gender matched healthy children with normal weight (control group) were enrolled. The levels of height, weight, waistline, hip circumference, fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FINS), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), free fatty acid (FFA), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and miR-122 in the two groups were measured. Body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) were calculated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the height, weight, BMI, WHR, FINS, HOMA-IR, TG, FFA, IL-6, and miR-122 levels in the obese group were significantly increased (P<0.05). MiR-122 levels in the obese group were positively correlated with FINS, HOMA-IR and IL-6 levels (r=0.408, 0.442, and 0.464 respectively, P<0.05). The changes of miR-122 have a linear regression relationship with IL-6 (b'=0.318, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The elevated serum miR-122 levels may be correlated with insulin resistance in obese children. The mechanism needs to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Blood Glucose , Body Mass Index , Child , Humans , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Obesity , Waist-Hip Ratio
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776674

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the protective effect of vitamin A on residual pancreatic β cell function in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 46 children with T1DM (with a course of disease of 0.5-1 year) were randomly divided into an intervention group and a non-intervention group (n=23 each). The children in both groups were given insulin treatment, and those in the intervention group were also given vitamin A at a daily dose of 1 500-2 000 IU. A total of 25 healthy children were enrolled as the control group. The daily dose of insulin was calculated for the children with T1DM, and the serum levels of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C), stimulated C-peptide, vitamin A, and interleukin-17 (IL-17) were measured before intervention and 3 months after intervention.@*RESULTS@#Before vitamin A intervention, the intervention group and the non-intervention group had a significantly lower serum level of vitamin A and a significantly higher level of IL-17 than the control group (P<0.01). After 3 months of intervention, the intervention group had significantly lower serum IL-17 level and insulin dose and a significantly higher level of stimulated C-peptide than the non-intervention group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vitamin A may protect residual pancreatic β cell function, possibly by improving the abnormal secretion of IL-17 in children with T1DM.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , C-Peptide , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Humans , Infant , Insulin , Insulin-Secreting Cells , Vitamin A
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311346

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study aimed to investigate the susceptibility of mice with streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetes mellitus (TIDM) to the uptake of pentavalent inorganic arsenic (iAsV) and the possible molecular mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>TIDM was induced in mice by STZ. TIDM and normal mice were treated with 15.0 mg/kg Na2HAsO4·12H2O by intragastric administration. Then, the concentrations of arsenic in various tissues were measured by atomic fluorescence spectrometry. The gene expression levels of Pit1 and Pit2 were quantified by real-time RT-PCR, and their protein levels were detected by Western blotting in mouse heart, kidney, and liver tissues.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The concentrations of arsenic in STZ-induced TIDM mouse tissues were higher at 2 h after intragastric administration of Na2HAsO4·12H2O. Compared with the levels in normal mice, PIT1 and PIT2, which play a role in the uptake of iAsV, were upregulated in the livers and hearts of TIDM mice. PIT1 but not PIT2 was higher in TIDM mouse kidneys. The upregulation of Pit1 and Pit2 expression could be reversed by insulin treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The increased uptake of iAsV in TIDM mouse tissues may be associated with increased PIT1 and/or PIT2 expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Arsenic , Pharmacokinetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Metabolism , Environmental Pollutants , Pharmacokinetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Physiology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins, Type III , Genetics , Metabolism , Transcription Factor Pit-1 , Genetics , Metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255158

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of ulinastatin(UTI) on postoperative cognitive function in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty-seven patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery were randomly divided into three groups:high-dose UTI group(16000 U/kg i.v.), low-dose UTI group(8000 U/kg i.v.) and control group(normal saline). The levels of plasma cortisol were measured before and one day after surgery. The level of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and S100β were measured before operation(T0), at open chest(T1), end of operation(T2), 6 h(T3)and 24 h(T4) after operation. A neuropsychological test scale was to evaluate the cognitive function 1 day before operation, 1 week and 3 months after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ninety-three patients completed the study. There was no significant difference in general information of patients among three groups(P>0.05). The level of plasma cortisol one day after operation was significantly higher than that before operation in control group(P<0.01). The levels of plasma cortisol in high-dose UTI group and low-dose UTI group were lower than that of control group(P<0.01). In all groups, the level of plasma IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and S100B increased remarkably at T2, T3, T4 compared to those at T0(all P<0.05). The level of plasma IL-6, TNF-α(at T2, T3, T4)and S100β(at T3)in high-dose UTI group and low-dose UTI group were all lower than those of control group(P<0.05),while there were no significant differences between high-dose UTI group and low-dose UTI group(P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction in POCD 1 week after operation in high-dose UTI and low-dose UTI groups(25.8% and 23.3%)was lower than that in control group(50.0%), while there were no significant difference 1 month after operation between high-dose UTI group(12.9%) or low-dose UTI group(16.7%)and control group(28.1%). The level of plasma S100β at T2 of POCD patients(n=31)was higher than that of non-POCD group(n=62)(P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ulinastatin can reduce the incidence of postoperative cognitive dusfunction 1 week after coronary artery bypass surgery, which might be associated with inhibition of inflammation and S100β expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Cognition , Coronary Artery Bypass , Glycoproteins , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , Interleukin-10 , Blood , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Postoperative Complications , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit , Blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289466

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the current status of penis and testicular development in boys and the effects of overweight/obesity on their development in the Zhengzhou area of Henan Province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, penis length and testicular volume were measured in 3 546 4 to 12-year-old boys. The penis length and testicular volume were compared between the overweight/obesity and normal weight groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Before 9 years of age, the testicular volume was progressively smaller, and after 9 years old, it gradually increased. By the age of 11, it increased rapidly. The penis length increased gradually between 4 and 11 years of age, and after the age of 11 it increased rapidly. Phimosis was found in 144 cases (4.01%) and cryptorchidism was found in 18 cases (0.51%). A total of 639 (18.02%) boys were overweight or obese among 3 546 boys. At the ages of 6 and 7 years, the testicular volume in the overweight/obesity group was greater than in the normal control group (P<0.05). The penis length in the overweight/obesity group was significantly shorter than in the normal control group (P<0.05) by the age of 11 years. The correlation analysis showed that the testicular volume at the ages of 4 and 5 years was positively correlated with height, weight, BMI, waist circumference and hip circumference in overweight/obese boys. The penis length at the ages of 7 and 8 years was negatively correlated with weight, waist circumference and hip circumference. By the age of 12 years, the penis length was positively correlated with the height.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The development of penis and testicles in boys in the Zhengzhou area is in line with the level of sex development of Chinese boys. Overweight/obesity adversely affects the development of penis and testicles.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , China , Humans , Male , Obesity , Epidemiology , Overweight , Epidemiology , Penis , Testis
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349678

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma(PRP) prepared by acute plateletpheresis in patients undergoing open heart surgery, and to analyze the quality of prepared platelet-rich plasma. Whole blood from 20 patients with ASAII-III was collected and PRP was harvested by machine after induction of anesthesia. Platelet count (Plt), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), plasma pH, plasma lactic acid (LA) concentration, and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) concentration, germiculture result, CD62p and PAC-1 positive rate of inactivated and activated platelets by ADP in the whole blood before plateletpheresis (T1) , in the PRP after plateletpheresis (T2) and PRP before back-transfusion (T3) were determinated. The results showed that as compared with whole blood the platelet count in the PRP at T2 was (783 ± 184) ×10(9)/L, MPV, PDW and pH significantly decreased (P < 0.01) , while the plasma LDH, LA concentration, CD62p and PAC-1 positive rate of inactivated platelets were not significantly different from the whole blood at T1. In the PRP at T3, the platelet count, MPV, PDW and pH significantly decreased (P < 0.01) , while plasma LDH concentration, CD62p and PAC-1 positive rate of inactivated platelet significantly increased (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) compared with the whole blood at T1. There were no significant difference among the CD62p and PAC-1 positive rate of activated platelets in the whole blood and PRP. It is concluded that PRP can be efficiently obtained from the patients undergoing open heart surgery by acute plateletpheresis, and the platelets in PRP are not activated during the preparing process. Some platelets in PRP are activated during the preserving process, but the whole activating function of platelets keeps normal.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Methods , Humans , Middle Aged , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Plateletpheresis , Methods
11.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 630-635, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280316

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to understand the enterovirus types and biological features of pediatric cases of HFMD in Sanmenxia City during 2011, and compare the latter to a cohort of healthy children. Stool samples of 55 cases of HFMD and 60 healthy children were collected for the isolation and identification of enteroviruses using RNA extraction and real-time RT-PCR assays. EV71 and CA16 were identified by nucleotide sequencing using virus-specific VP1 primers; for the other enteroviruses, 012/011 and 008/013 primers were used for amplification and sequencing. The results were analysed by sequence alignment with known sequences, and the characteristics of the EV71 VP1 gene were also analyzed. The detection rates for enteroviruses in cases of HFMD and healthy children were 52.73% (29/55) and 18.33% (11/60), respectively. Among these, there were 22 cases of EV71, four cases of CA16 and three cases of other enteroviruses in the cases with HFMD. Eleven healthy children had intestinal viruses, of which nine were Coxsackie B virus strains (81.82%, 9/11). Gene sequencing of the 19 EV71 strains illustrated that they were all subgenotype C4a, but the evolutionary tree showed an obvious clustering between cases from Lingbao City and Lushi County. This study demonstrates that the EV71 subgenotype C4a and CA16 strains were the most common cause of HFMD in Sanmenxia City in 2011, and that Coxsackie B strains were prevalent in healthy children. This finding may indicate that there is a widespread source of recessive infection in the community.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Cities , Epidemiology , Enterovirus A, Human , Classification , Genetics , Female , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Epidemiology , Virology , Humans , Infant , Male , Phylogeny , Viral Proteins , Genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 371-376, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359735

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To obtain normal range of coronary artery diameter with body surface area (BSA) dynamic changes in normal children at different age.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The left main coronary artery (LCA), left anterior descending artery (LAD), left circumflex artery (LCX) and the right coronary artery (RCA) diameter were measured in 400 normal subjects from Chinese population aged 0 d to 18 years [(6.43 ± 4.45) years], using HP Sonos 5500 color Doppler ultrasonic system, according to the standard method of measuring the coronary artery diameter.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>(1) The diameters of LCA, LAD, LCX and RCA in different age groups (0 d-12 months, -3 years, -6 years, -9 years, -12 years, -18 years) had significant differences (F = 61.688, 51.343, 46.375, 50.192, P < 0.01,all groups mean differences had significant differences, there was significant difference between every two groups, P < 0.05), there were no significant differences between male and female subjects (P > 0.05). (2) The correlation analyses showed that the diameter of LCA, LAD, LCX and RCA had significant linear correlations with age, height, weight and BSA (r ranged from 0.71 to 0.85, P < 0.01 ). (3) The regression analyses were respectively performed on the diameters of LCA, LAD, LCX and RCA with BSA to establish seven regression models. The coefficients were compared for each model, the best model was chosen to create a Z score calculator, tracing out the Z value curve, through clinical practice,we chose Z score within ± 2 as the coronary artery diameter's normal range for Chinese children.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Coronary artery diameter's Z score curve is effective and reliable, it provide objective basis for clinicians and sonographers to accurately and quickly diagnose the anomalies in diameter of coronary artery.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Age Factors , Aorta , Diagnostic Imaging , Body Height , Body Surface Area , Body Weight , Child , Child Development , Physiology , Child, Preschool , Coronary Vessels , Diagnostic Imaging , Echocardiography, Doppler , Methods , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Diagnostic Imaging , Reference Values , Regression Analysis , Validation Studies as Topic
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320357

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To isolate and characterize indigenous algicidal bacteria and their algae-lysing compounds active against Microcystis aeruginosa, strains TH1, TH2, and FACHB 905.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The bacteria were identified using the Biolog automated microbial identification system and 16S rDNA sequence analysis. The algae-lysing compounds were isolated and purified by silica gel column chromatography and reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography. Their structures were confirmed by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Algae-lysing activity was observed using microscopy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The algae-lysing bacterium LTH-2 isolated from Lake Taihu was identified as Serratia marcescens. Strain LTH-2 secreted a red pigment identified as prodigiosin (C20H25N3O), which showed strong lytic activity with algal strains M. aeruginosa TH1, TH2, and FACHB 905 in a concentration-dependent manner. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of prodigiosin with the algal strains was 4.8 (± 0.4)× 10⁻² μg/mL, 8.9 (± 1.1)× 10⁻² μg/mL, and 1.7 (± 0.1)× 10⁻¹ μg/mL in 24 h, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The bacterium LTH-2 and its pigment had strong Microcystis-lysing activity probably related to damage of cell membranes. The bacterium LTH-2 and its red pigment are potentially useful for regulating blooms of harmful M. aeruginosa.</p>


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Bacteria , Classification , Genetics , Metabolism , Lakes , Microcystis , Phylogeny
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353889

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the association of cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) + 49A/G polymorphism with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Papers about the association of CTLA4+49A/G polymorphism with T1DM in children were collected by searching PubMed, EBSCO, CBM, CNKI, and Wanfang Data. A meta-analysis was performed to examine differences in the genotypes (AG, GG, and GG+AG) and G allele at position 49 of the CTLA-4 gene between a childhood T1DM group and a control group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 10 papers involving 1084 T1DM children and 1338 healthy children were included. The Meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the association of the genotypes (AG, GG, and GG+AG) and the G allele at position 49 of the CTLA-4 gene with T1DM using a fixed effect model according to the heterogeneity test results of all studies. The pooled OR values (95% CI) were 1.13 (0.97-1.33), 1.42 (1.16-1.75), 1.20 (1.03-1.40), and 1.21 (1.09-1.33), suggesting a significant difference in genotypes (AG, GG, and GG+AG) and the G allele at position 49 of the CTLA-4 gene between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CTLA-4 +49A/G polymorphism is associated with T1DM in children.</p>


Subject(s)
CTLA-4 Antigen , Genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Genetics , Genotype , Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic
15.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 670-674, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339987

ABSTRACT

Molecular detection of enterovirus (EV)71 RNA based on PCR methods is a quick and sensitive approach. At present, different PCR-based methods for EV71 RNA detection are available, but comparisons of results obtained using different approaches are limited. This study is to compare the analytical sensitivity and specificity of different real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) and conventional reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (cRT-PCR) assays for enterovirus and EV71 detection, Altogether, three rRT-PCR assays and one cRT-PCR assay targeting the 5'UTR gene for universal detection of enterovirus; two rRT-PCR assays andone cRT-PCR assay targeting the VP1 gene for specific detection of EV 71 were examined. All assays showed good specificity. The detection sensitivity ranged from 8.19 x 10 to 8.19 x 10(5) copy equivalents. In general, rRT-PCR assays were more sensitive than cRT-PCR assays. All rRT-PCR assays showed 100% sensitivity for clinical specimens.


Subject(s)
Enterovirus A, Human , Classification , Genetics , Enterovirus Infections , Diagnosis , Virology , Humans , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
16.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 675-680, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339986

ABSTRACT

The study was performed to examine the enterovirus 71(EV71) VP1 genetic feature and the epidemiology of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Xinxiang in 2011. Real-time RT-PCR was used for the detection of Pan-enterovirus, Coxsackievirus A 16(CA16) and EV71 from stool specimens of HFMD. The VP1 region was amplified from 10 EV71 positive samples and the products were sequenced. EV71 genotypes were characterized by homology and phylogenetic tree analyses. Additionally, epidemic data of Xinxiang HFMD in 2011 was analyzed. The results revealed that 73% of the specimens from severe cases were determined as EV71 positive, which was significantly higher than CA16-positive ones (19%) (P < 0.01). Ten EV71 strains isolated in Xinxiang belonged to C4a cluster of sub-genotype C4, with 2.8% nucleotide and 0.9% amino acid sequences divergence among them. At position 170 in VP1 gene, an alanine(A) was predominant in 9 isolates, while a valine(V) residue was observed in one isolate. Compared to the representative C4a strains which were closely related to Xinxiang isolates, the amino acid variations of the pre-dominant Xinxiang strains generally occurred at position 292, threonine --> alanine (T --> A). A total of 1118 HFMD cases were reported in Xinxiang in 2011, and 92% of them were younger than 3 years old; the incidence rate peaked in April and December, suggesting that it is very necessary to strengthen HFMD prevention and control even in cold weather.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Capsid Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Enterovirus A, Human , Chemistry , Classification , Genetics , Epidemics , Female , Genetic Variation , Genotype , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Epidemiology , Virology , Humans , Infant , Male , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Sequence Alignment
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326214

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand etiological types and distribution features of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Henan province between 2008 and 2011.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 30 486 specimens of feces, rectal swabs or throat swabs from HFMD patients were collected by each Municipal CDC in Henan from 2008 to 2011. The enterovirus 71 (EV71), coxsackie virus A16 (CA16) and other enterovirus (EV) were detected by RT-PCR or real time RT-PCR. The VP1 gene of EV71 was amplified and the sequences were analyzed by bioinformatics software. A genetic evolution tree of the sequence was constructed as well.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positive rates of EV71, CA16 and other EV were 62.70% (11 209/17 876), 12.03% (2150/17 876), 25.27% (4517/17 876) in 17 876 laboratory diagnosed cases, respectively. The differences were statistically significant (χ(2) = 157.17, P < 0.05). The positive rates of EV71, CA16 and other EV were 63.40% (7370/11 624), 11.58% (1346/11 624) and 25.02% (2908/11 624) in male patients and 61.40% (3839/6252), 12.86% (804/6252) and 25.74% (1609/6252) in female patients, respectively. The differences were statistically significant (χ(2) = 4.06, P < 0.05). The children under 5 years old were high-risk population of HFMD, accounting to 97.67% (17 459/17 876) of the laboratory-diagnosed patients.86.92% (15 537/17 876) cases were children between 1 to 3 years old. Constituent ratio of EV71 changed seasonally during a year, there was a high infection ratio of EV71 between April and June, especially in May, the infection ratio reached 69.34% (2384/3438). The positive rates of EV71, CA16 and other EV were 82.48% (5715/6929), 1.76% (122/6929) and 15.76% (1092/6929) among the 6929 laboratory-diagnosed severe cases, respectively. The positive rates of EV71 was higher than CA16 and other EV (χ(2) = 9259.17, 6170.81, P < 0.05, respectively). There were 117 deaths because of severe HFMD, 55 (47.01%) of which were laboratory confirmed. 50 death cases were infected by EV71, and according to the genetic evolution analysis, the VP1 gene of EV71 strain was belonged to subtype C4 of gene C.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The EV71 and CA16 were the main pathogens which caused HFMD in Henan province, and EV71 virus was the dominant strain, belonging to C4 subtype of gene C.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Enterovirus A, Human , Classification , Genetics , Evolution, Molecular , Female , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Epidemiology , Virology , Humans , Infant , Male , Phylogeny
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320689

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the immunophenotype and its relationship with clinical characteristics in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bone marrow or blood samples (2-3 mL) with heparin anticoagulation from 139 children with ALL were obtained, and immunophenotypes were identified by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 139 ALL children, there were 103 cases (74.1%) of B-ALL, 24 cases (17.3%) of T-ALL, 12 cases of T/B biphenotypic (8.6% of T/BALL). In the 103 children with B-ALL, CD19 (90.3%), CD10 (83.5%) and CD20 (27.2%) were expressed as major antigens. In the 24 children with T-ALL, the major antigens were CD3 (79.2%), CD7 (66.7%) and CD5 (33.3%). In the 12 children with B/T-ALL, T-lymphoid antigens included CD7 (50.0%) and CD5 (41.7%), while the B-lymphoid antigens included CD19 (50.0%) and CD10 (33.3%). Of the 139 children with ALL, 32 cases (23.0%) showed myeloid antigen expression (My+ ALL) and the main expression antigens were CD13, CD33, CD14 and MPO. CD34 was expressed in 31 cases. CD34-positive expression (15.6%) in My+ ALL children was significantly lower than in My-ALL children (24.3%). HLA-DR was expressed in 82 of the 139 ALL children. The expression of CD10, CD34 and HLA-DR in the standard-risk, medium risk, high-risk ALL children was significantly different. There were significant differences in gender and incidence of bleeding between the My+ ALL and My-ALL groups (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Immunetyping can differentiate the sources of leukemic cells. The expression of CD10, CD34 and HLA-DR antigen is related to the clinical classification of ALL.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , HLA-DR Antigens , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Infant , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Allergy and Immunology
19.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 114-117, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354761

ABSTRACT

This report presents an overview of human enterovirus B species in Henan Province. A total of 14 isolates of HEV-B species isolated under HFMD surveillance network during the six months in 2010 were examined. Based on molecular typing results targeting VP1 region, 14 isolates were classified into 6 serotypes of HEV-B. Furthermore, comparison of these 14 isolates with reference strains and strains in mainland China was conducted. The phylogenetic analysis revealed that E25, E11 and E6 showed homology with those from Shandong Province which adjoins Henan Province. E1 and E13 showed homology with those from Yunnan Province, and E30 showed homology with Henan strain isolated in 2008. Cocirculation of two lineages of echovirus 6 was observed.


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Enterovirus B, Human , Classification , Genetics , Enterovirus Infections , Epidemiology , Virology , Feces , Virology , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny
20.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 118-123, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354760

ABSTRACT

To reveal the genomic sequence characteristics of coxsackievirus A16 (CoxA16) strain isolated from patients with hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Henan province. A total of 406 samples were detected by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and cell-culture-based isolation of coxsackievirus A16. The whole genome of CoxA16 isolate was amplified using 10 pairs of primers, the sequences were analyzed and phylogenetic tree was generated by bioinformatics software. The full length of HN1162/HN/CHN/2010 genome was 7411bp. Compared with the other CoxA16 strains released in GenBank, the nucleotide similarities were 87.0-97.9%, 77.0%-95.4%, 80.3%-96.9%, 77.9% 96.2%, 80.5-100% in 5'UTR, P1, P2, P3, 3'UTR region, respectively; The similarities of nucleotide and amino acid sequences in VP1 region were 91.4%-96.4% and 99.3%-99.7%, respectively. Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that CoxA16 strains isolated from Henan, Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Fujian belonged to the same cluster. The newly isolated CoxA16 from Henan province belonged to subgenotype C2/B-2. These results will have great significance in monitoring CoxA16 and for prevention and control of hand-foot-mouth disease.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Enterovirus A, Human , Classification , Genetics , Female , Genomics , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Epidemiology , Virology , Humans , Infant , Male , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny
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