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Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1570-1576, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922297


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expressions of microRNAs in peripheral blood of patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia(ITP) and its correlation with the imbalance of Th1/Th2 cells.@*METHODS@#Thirty patients with ITP (ITP group) and 15 healthy people (control group) were enrolled.Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the expressions of six miRNAs (miR-107,miR-205-5p,miR-138-5p,miR-326,miR-1827,miR-185-5p) and Th1-specific transcription factor T-bet mRNA and Th2-specific transcription factor GATA-3 mRNA in the peripheral blood of the two groups. Th1 and Th2 cells were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions of Th1-cytokines TNF-α and IFN-γ and Th2-cytokines IL-4 and IL-10 were detected by AimPlex multiple immunoassays for Flow. The expression difference of miRNAs, mRNA, Th1, Th2 cells and cytokines of the two groups were compared, and the correlations of miRNAs to mRNA, Th1, Th2 cells and cytokines were analyzed in ITP group.@*RESULTS@#The expressions of miRNAs(miR-107, miR-205-5p, miR-138-5p, miR-326, miR-1827, miR-185-5p)and Th2-specific transcription factor GATA-3 mRNA of the patients in ITP group were significantly decreased (P<0.05) as compared with those in control, while the expressions of Th1 cells and Th1-specific transcription factor T-bet mRNA and Th1-cytokines TNF-α were significantly increased (P<0.05), also for the ratios of T-bet mRNA/GATA-3 mRNA and Th1/Th2 cells were significantly increased (P<0.05). The relative expressions of miR-107, miR-205-5p, miR-138-5p in ITP patients were negatively correlated with Th2 cells (r=-0.411, r=-0.593, r=-0.403,P<0.05) and the relative expression of miR-1827 was negatively correlated with TNF-α (r=-0.390).@*CONCLUSION@#The relative expressions of the six miRNAs in peripheral blood of patients with ITP are significantly decreased, which result in the increasing ratio of T-bet mRNA/GATA-3 mRNA, then lead to the imbalance of Th1/Th2.

Humans , MicroRNAs , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , RNA, Messenger , Th1 Cells , Th2 Cells
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2869-2882, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862289


In recent years, non-viral gene vectors have attracted great attention for efficient gene delivery due to the advantages, including low toxicity, low immunogenicity and simple preparation. Polyethylenimine (PEI) is one of the typical non-viral gene carriers that have been widely utilized for gene delivery owing to its superior capabilities in gene compression and buffering capacity. This article discusses the processes of gene delivery and the barriers of PEI-based carrier during the gene delivery, such as low biocompatibility, cytotoxicity, lack of specific targeting and insufficient gene release, etc. Therefore, we summarize the multiple approaches for the modifications of PEI in terms of improved biocompatibility, degradability, specific targeting and buffering capacity. Furthermore, we also review on the recent impressive progresses of smart stimuli-responsive PEI carriers, including endogenous stimuli (pH, reactive oxygen species, glutathione, biomolecular, etc), exogenous stimuli (light, temperature, magnetic field, etc) and dual-responsive strategies, which might provide guidance for the development of more efficient and safer non-viral gene vectors.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827469


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the overall survival (OS) of elderly acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients treated with oral arsenic-containing Qinghuang Powder (, QHP) or low-intensity chemotherapy (LIC).@*METHODS@#Forty-two elderly AML patients treated with intravenous or subcutaneous LIC (1 month for each course, at least 3 courses) or oral QHP (3 months for each course, at least 2 courses) were retrospectively analyzed from January 2015 to December 2017. The main endpoints of analysis were OS and 1-, 2-, 3-year OS rates of patients, respectively. And the adverse reactions induding bone marrow suppression, digestive tract discomfort and myocardia injury were observed.@*RESULTS@#Out of 42 elderly AML patients, 22 received LIC treatment and 20 received QHP treatment, according to patients' preference. There was no significant difference on OS between LIC and QHP patients (13.0 months vs. 13.5 months, >0.05). There was no significant difference on OS rates between LIC and QHP groups at 1 year (59.1% vs. 70.0%), 2 years (13.6% vs. 15%), and 3 years (4.6% vs. 5.0%, all >0.05). Furthermore, there was no significant difference of OS on prognosis stratification of performance status > 2 (12 months vs. 12 months), age> 75 year-old (12.0 months vs. 12.5 months), hematopoietic stem cell transplant comorbidity index >2 (12 months vs. 13 months), poor cytogenetics (12 months vs. 8 months), and diagnosis of secondary AML (10 months vs. 14 months) between LIC and QHP patients (>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#QHP may be an alternative treatment for elderly AML patients refusing LIC therapy.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Arsenicals , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Male , Middle Aged , Powders , Retrospective Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774344


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the consistency of gene mutation sites between bone marrow DNA (BM-tDNA) and perepheral plasma circulating tumor DNA (PP-ctDNA) in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).@*METHODS@#The simultaneous sampled BM and PP from 19 patients (SBPP) was detected by NGS-127 gene panel, and the consistency of VAF between BM-tDNA and PP-ctDNA was analyzed. The peripheral blood cell tumor DNA (PC-tDNA) of 5 out of 19 patients was detected randomly, the consistency of VAF among PC-tDNA,BM-tDNA and PP-ctDNA was analyzed. The non simultaneous sampled BM and PP from 13 patients (NBPP) was detected, and the difference value of VAF between BM-tDNA and PP-ctDNA in SBPP and NBPP was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The average concentration of PP-ctDNA in SBPP was 0.59 ng/µl and 0.604 ng/µl in NBPP. The median concentration of PP-ctDNA in SBPP and NBPP was 0.330 ng/µl and 0.338 ng/µl, respectively. The study showed a good consistency of VAF between BM-tDNA and PP-ctDNA in the SBPP (R=0.9693, P<0.05), and the consistency of VAF between BM-tDNA and PP-ctDNA in single base replacement (SNP) sites (R=0.9712) was better than that in insertion deletion (Indel) sites (R=0.6813). The results showed a good consistency of VAF between BM-tDNA and PP-ctDNA both in 12 patients before treatment (R=0.9325, P<0.05) and 5 patients (R=0.9875, P<0.05) after treatment. The results also showed that the VAF of PC-tDNA had a good consistency with the VAF of BM-tDNA (R=0.8783) and PP-ctDNA (R=0.8783) (P<0.05). The difference value of VAF between BM-tDNA and PP-ctDNA in SBPP was significantly lower than that in NBPP (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#PP can replace BM as a biological sample for genes mutation detection in patients with MDS due to its stable concentration, high degree of consistency with bone marrow in clinical significant mutation sites and easy collection.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms , Circulating Tumor DNA , DNA, Neoplasm , Humans , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289712


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the prognostic factors for very severe aplastic anemia (VSAA) patients treated mainly with Chinese Kidney (Shen)-invigorating drugs (CKID) combined with anti-lymphocyte globulin (ALG) or anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-seven VSAA patients were treated with CSID+ALG/ATG therapy in conjunction with cyclosporine A, androgen, hemopoietic growth factor, etc. The relationship of the effectiveness and some factors (age of patients, course of illness, blood and bone marrow figures, etc.) were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the 25 evaluated VSAA patients who had been followed up for over 1 year, 9 patients (36.0%) were basically cured, 5 (20.0%) remitted, 6 (24.0%) were markedly improved, and 5 (20.0%) were treated in vain, with the total effective rate of treatment being 80.0% (20/25). Better clinical therapeutic effects were shown in patients newly diagnosed with VSAA, of male sex (P=0.037), >20 years old (P=0.045), with an illness course [Symbol: see text] month (P=0.048), with peripheral neutrophil count >0.1 × 10(9)/L (P=0.023), and with reticulocyte count >10 × 10(9)/L (P=0.002). Platelet count (P=0.620) and bone marrow lymphocyte percentage (P=0.736) showed no correlation with the therapeutic effectiveness. Multi-factor analysis by the Kaplan-Meier procedure on the factors influencing survival showed that rather longer survival times occurred in patients > 20 years old, with peripheral neutrophil count [Symbol: see text] 0.1 × 10(9)/L, reticulocyte count [Symbol: see text]10 × 10(9)/L, and platelet count > 10 × 10(9)/L (all P=0.0001). Bone marrow lymphocyte percentage and the initiation time of ALG/ATG application (from onset of the illness) showed no significant influence on patients' survival time (P=0.085 and P=0.935, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CSKD+ALG/ATG therapy for treatment of VSAA could enhance the current clinical therapeutic effects and elevate patients' survival rate. Conditions including male sex, age >20 years, illness course [Symbol: see text]1 month, neutrophil count >0.1 × 10(9)/L, and reticulocyte count >10 × 10(9)/L are the likely effective indices for predicting favorable therapeutic effectiveness in newly diagnosed VSAA patients.</p>

Adolescent , Adult , Anemia, Aplastic , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Animals , Antilymphocyte Serum , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Horses , Humans , Kidney , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Survival Analysis , Sus scrofa , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236202


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical efficacy of Chinese drugs combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to investigate the prognostic relevance of the main parameters in AML treated with integrative medicine.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty AML patients hospitalized at the authors hospital were treated with Chinese drugs and chemotherapy. The routine examination, immunophenotype and karyotype analyses were carried out. The clinical efficacy was observed and the prognostic factors were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Clinical efficacy: Twenty patients had complete remission (CR), with the CR rate being 50.0%. Among these patients, the CR rate was 73.9% (17/23) in de novo AML and 17.6% (3/17) in secondary or refractory AML, respectively. The median disease free survival (DFS) was 6 months (2-32 months) and median overall survival (OS) was 7 months (1-36 months). (2) Analysis of prognostic factors: Aging (> 60 years) and hepatosplenomegaly or extramedullary leukemia did not affect the treatment outcome. Patients with lower white blood cell (WBC) counts (<4.0x10(9)/L) had a significantly higher CR rate (P<0.01). Secondary or refractory AML was associated with a lower CR rate and shorter OS (P<0.01,P<0.05). Expression of CD34 was an adverse factor for obtaining CR (P<0.05) and survival in both DFS and OS (P<0.05,P<0.01). The expression of CD56 was significantly associated with a lower CR rate (P<0.05), but did not affect DFS and OS. Twenty-three (57.5%) out of 40 cases had chromosomal abnormalities. The CR rate was decreased and both DFS and OS shortened stepwise from the cases with favorable cytogenetics to those with intermediate and unfavorable cytogenetics (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The combined treatment of Chinese drugs with chemotherapy has a predominant effect in de novo AML. Secondary or refractory AML, expression of CD34 and CD56, and unfavorable cytogenetics were the main factors of poor prognosis in AML.</p>

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Chromosome Aberrations , Cytarabine , Therapeutic Uses , Daunorubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Etoposide , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Integrative Medicine , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Mitoxantrone , Therapeutic Uses , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult