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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928944

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore if acupoint injection can improve analgesic effects or delivery outcomes in parturients who received combined spinal-epidural analgesia (CSEA) and patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) for labor analgesia.@*METHODS@#A total of 307 participants were prospectively collected from July 2017 to December 2019. The participants were randomized into the combined acupoint injection with CSEA plus PCEA group (AICP group, n=168) and CSEA plus PCEA group (CP group, n=139) for labor analgesia using a random number table. Both groups received CSEA plus PCEA at cervical dilation 3 cm during labor process, and parturients of the AICP group were implemented acupoint injection for which bilateral acupoint of Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) were selected in addition. The primary outcome was Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, and the secondary outcomes were obstetric outcomes and requirement of anesthetics doses. Safety evaluations were performed after intervention.@*RESULTS@#The VAS scores were significantly lower in the AICP group than in the CP group at 10, 30, 60, and 120 min after labor analgesia (all P<0.05). The latent phase of the AICP group was shorter than that of the CP group (P<0.05). There were less additional anesthetics consumption, lower incidences of uterine atony, fever, pruritus and urinary retention in the AICP group than those in the CP group (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupoint injection combined CSEA plus PCEA for labor analgesia can decrease the anesthetic consumption, improve analgesic quality, and reduce adverse reactions in the parturients. (Registration No. ChiMCTR-2000003120).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Analgesia, Obstetrical/adverse effects , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled/adverse effects , Anesthetics/pharmacology , Female , Humans , Labor, Obstetric , Pregnancy
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875497

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Accumulating evidence indicates that L-carnitine (LC) protects against multiorgan damage through its antioxidant properties and preservation of the mitochondria. Little information is available about the effects of LC on renal fibrosis. This study examined whether LC treatment would provide renoprotection in a rat model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) and in vitro. @*Methods@#Sprague-Dawley rats that underwent UUO were treated daily with LC for 7 or 14 days. The influence of LC on renal injury caused by UUO was evaluated by histopathology, and analysis of gene expression, oxidative stress, mitochondrial function, programmed cell death, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/ AKT/forkhead box protein O 1a (FoxO1a) signaling. In addition, H2O2-exposed human kidney cells (HK-2) were treated with LC. @*Results@#LC treatment inhibited expression of proinflammatory and profibrotic cytokines, and was followed by a significant attenuation of tubulointerstitial inflammation and fibrosis. The increased oxidative stress caused by UUO was associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and excessive apoptosis and autophagy via PI3K/AKT/FoxO1a-dependent signaling, and this was abrogated by administration of LC. In H2O2-exposed HK-2 cells, LC decreased intracellular production of reactive oxygen species, and suppressed expression of profibrotic cytokines and reduced the number of apoptotic cells. @*Conclusions@#LC protects against the progression of tubulointerstitial fibrosis in an obstructed kidney.

3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 413-419, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941125

ABSTRACT

Objective: To prospectively explore the relationship between resting heart rate (RHR) and risk of new-onset heart failure. Methods: It was a prospective cohort study. People who attended the physical examination of Kailuan Group Company in 2006 and with complete electrocardiography (ECG) recordings were eligible for this study. A total of 88 879 participants aged 18 years old or more who were free of arrhythmia, a prior history of heart failure and were not treated with β-blocker were included. Participants were divided into 5 groups according to the quintiles of RHR at baseline (Q(1) group, 40-60 beats/minutes (n=18 168) ; Q(2) group, 67-70 beats/minutes (n=18 970) ; Q(3) group, 71-74 beats/minutes (n=13 583) ; Q(4) group, 75-80 beats/minutes (n=22 739) ; and Q(5) group,>80 beats/minutes (n=15 419) ) .The general clinical data and laboratory test results were collected. The outcome was the first occurrence of heart failure at the end of follow-up (December 31, 2016) .We used Cox regression model to examine the association between RHR and the risk of new-onset heart failure. Hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using Cox regression modeling. Results: Among the included patients 68 411 participants were male, mean age was (51.0±12.3) years old, and RHR was (74±10) beats/minutes. Statistically significant differences among the RHR quintiles were found for the following variables: age, gender, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting blood glucose, body mass index, the level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, education status, physical activity, smoking status, drinking status, history of diabetes, history of hypertension and history of use antihypertensive drugs (all P<0.01) . Higher RHR was linked with higher prevalence of diabetes, hypertension history, and higher systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and FBG levels (all P<0.01). After a mean follow-up of 9.5 years, the incidence of new-onset heart failure in Q(1), Q(2), Q(3), Q(4) and Q(5) groups was 1.60%(290/18 168), 1.36%(258/18 970), 1.80%(245/13 583), 1.76%(400/22 739) and 2.35%(362/15 419),respectively (P<0.01) . The person-year incidence of heart failure in Q(1), Q(2), Q(3), Q(4) and Q(5) groups was 1.7, 1.5, 1.9, 1.9 and 2.6 per 1 000 person-years respectively. Compared with the Q(2) group, multivariate analysis with adjustment for major traditional cardiovascular risk factors showed that HRs of Q(3),Q(4),and Q(5) group were 1.23 (95%CI 1.03-1.48, P<0.05) , 1.19 (95%CI 1.01-1.41, P<0.05) , 1.39 (95%CI 1.18-1.65, P<0.01) , respectively. In the absence of hypertension, diabetes, smoking and acute myocardial infarction, the Cox regression model showed that compared with Q(2) group, the HR of new-onset heart failure in Q(5) group was 1.58 (95%CI 1.02-2.45, P<0.05) . Conclusion: Increased RHR is associated with increased risk of new-onset heart failure in this cohort.


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Pressure , Cohort Studies , Female , Heart Failure , Heart Rate , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827547

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to assess the accuracy of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in detecting furcation involvement (FI) in maxillary molars.@*METHODS@#Thirty-one maxillary molars of 15 patients with generalized chronic periodontitis considered for furcation surgery were assessed. Clinical examination and CBCT were performed, and the FI degree was evaluated. Clinical and CBCT-based FI assessments were compared with intrasurgical data.@*RESULTS@#The agreement between clinical and intrasurgical assessments was weak in all sites, with a kappa of less than 0.4; the complete, overestimated, and underestimated agreement percentages were 42.0%, 24.7%, and 33.3%, respectively. The agreement between the CBCT and intrasurgical assessments was strong, with a ka ppa of 0.831; the complete, overestimated, and underestimated agreement percentages were 88.2%, 3.2%, and 8.6%, respectively. The agreement between both assessments was the highest in the buccal furcation entrance (κ=0.896), followed by that in the distopalatal (κ=0.822) and mesiopalatal (κ=0.767) furcation entrances.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CBCT images demonstrated high accuracy in assessing the horizontal bone loss of FI in maxillary molars.


Subject(s)
Chronic Periodontitis , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Furcation Defects , Humans , Molar
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941896

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the safety and feasibility of endovascular treatment for severe internal carotid artery stenosis (≥70%) with unruptured intracranial aneurysms.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively reviewed 213 cases with severe stenosis or occlusion of internal carotid artery, and those patients had been treated at Peking University Third Hospital, between January 2012 and July 2015. In the study, 14 (6.6%) cases were coexistence with unruptured intracranial aneurysms. The medical records, imaging data, treatment and prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were 15 aneurysms (11 after the stenosis, 1 before the stenosis, and 3 in the other drainage basin) in those 14 patients with severe stenosis or occlusion of internal carotid artery. One of the 14 patients underwent carotid endarterectomy, and the 11 patients were successfully implanted with an internal carotid stent (residual stenosis 0-30%, mean 6.4%). Two patients with internal carotid artery stenosis remained untreated. One of them had complete occlusion of the initial segment of the internal carotid artery and was not possible to be treated, and the other patient refused to treat with internal carotid stenosis. The sizes of aneurysms were 1.0-7.0 mm, with an average of (2.8±1.5) mm. Three cases were treated with stenosis and aneurysms treated at the same time, and stent assisted coil embolization was performed in all the aneurysms, including 1 case that treated aneurysm before the stenosis. One patient refused surgical treatment of unruptured aneurysm, and no treatment was given to 10 patients who had small unruptured aneurysms (<5.0 mm). No perioperative complications were observed during the perioperative period. Three cases were lost with the follow-up, and the other 11 patients were followed up for 15-55 months, with a median of 37 months, and had good prognosis.@*CONCLUSION@#Our results suggest that patient coexistance with severe internal carotid stenosis and unruptured intracranial aneurysms should be treated individually according to the location and size of aneurysms. Moreover, the presence of a small intracranial aneurysm (<5.0 mm) does not seem to increase the risk of endovascular stenosis in patients with severe internal carotid stenosis.


Subject(s)
Carotid Artery, Internal , Carotid Stenosis , Embolization, Therapeutic , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Retrospective Studies , Stents , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941879

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the risk factors, clinical characteristics, precaution and treatment of hyper perfusion syndrome (HPS) after carotid artery stenting (CAS).@*METHODS@#From September 2014 to March 2018, the clinical data of 226 patients with severe carotid stenosis (70%-99%) treated with carotid artery stenting (CAS)at Department of Interventional Radiology and Vascular Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital, were analyzed retrospectively.Five of them developed HPS after CAS.The relationship between the clinical baseline data, imaging characteristics, perioperative management and HPS were assessed.@*RESULTS@#In this group, 5 patients of them (2.21%, 5/226) developed HPS after CAS, and 2 patients of them (0.88%, 2/226) were hyper perfusion induced intracranial hemorrhage (HICH). The 5 patients consisted of 4 men and 1 woman whose age ranged from 58 to 74 years. The symptoms of HPS occurred within 4 hours to 3 days after CAS. Among the 5 cases, the clinical manifestations were that 2 cases with headache, 1 case with delirium,1 case with hemiparesis of left limbs, and 1 case with coma(died ultimately).The main manifestations of case 1 and case 2 were headache in the frontal parietal temporal region of the operative side, accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The symptoms were relieved after blood pressure lowering treatment and mannitol dehydration. The main manifestations of case 3 were excitement and delirium. The symptoms were relieved by a small dose of sedatives, also with blood pressure lowering treatment and mannitol dehydration. The initial symptoms of case 4 were excitement and delirium, accompanied by mild headache of the operative side, and hemiplegia of the contralateral limb occurred within a short time. The main manifestation of case 5 was severe headache and went into deep coma within a short time. This patient died of massive cerebral hemorrhage ultimately.@*CONCLUSION@#HPS is an uncommon but serious complication after CAS. Improving our understanding and heightening vigilance of HPS is necessary. The earlier diagnosis, the earlier treatment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carotid Arteries , Carotid Artery, Common , Carotid Stenosis/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Stents
7.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 963-967, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818356

ABSTRACT

Objective The up-regulated expression of miR-182 is associated with poor prognosis of triple-negative breast cancer. This study explored the biological function of the miR-182/MTSS1 signaling pathway in three-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and the mechanism of its regulation. Methods The relative quantitative expressions of miR-182 and MTSS1 were detected in the cancerous and adjacent tissues of 30 cases of TNBC, the influence of miR-182 and MTSS1 on the proliferation and invasiveness of the cells evaluated by cell function tests, the potential binding sites of miR-182 to MTSS1 predicted with the Targetscan software, and MTSS1 confirmed to be the target gene by the dual luciferase reporter system. After transfection of miR-182 into the MCF-7 cells, RT-PCR and Western blot were used to determine the gene and protein expressions of MTSS1 and verify the regulatory effect of miR-182 targeting MTSS1. Results The expression of miR-182 was significantly higher (t=-8.409, P=0.000), while that of MTSS1 lower in the cancerous than in the adjacent tissue (t=2.961, P=0.006). The over expression of miR-182 and silenced expression of MTSS1 markedly enhanced the proliferation and migration of the MCF-7 cells compared with those of the control (P<0.01), while inhibition of miR-182 and over expression of MTSS1 remarkably suppressed their proliferation and migration of the MDA-MB-231 cells (P<0.01). The base sequences of 1083-1089 of the MTSS1 gene were confirmed to be the target binding sites of miR-182. After transfection of miR-182, the expression of MTSS1 in the MCF-7 cells was significantly down-regulated as compared with that in the control (t=-5.918, P= 0.027). Conclusion Target binding of miR-182 to MTSS1 down-regulates the expression of MTSS1 and promotes cell proliferation and migration, which may play an important biological role in the metastasis of TNBC.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1264-1267, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695424

ABSTRACT

·AIM: To observe the efficacy of vitamin A palmitate eye gel and carboxymethylcellulose sodium eye drops on prevention of dry eye after phacoemulsification. ·METHODS: Ninety patients ( ninety eyes ) with age-related cataract enrolled in our hospital from March 2016 to August 2017 were performed phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation. They were randomly divided into three groups as control group ( n = 30 ), treated group Ⅰ ( n=30) and treated group Ⅱ ( n=30). The control group was administered with tobramycin and dexamethasone eye drops for 15d as the basis therapy. In treated group Ⅰ, patients were administered with carboxymethylcellulose sodium eye drops for 30d based on the treatment of the control group. The treated groupⅡ was administered with vitamin A palmitate eye gel for 30d on the basis of the treated group Ⅰ. The dry eye symptom score, corneal fluorescence ( FL ) staining scores, breakup time of tear film ( BUT) and Schirmer Ⅰtest ( SⅠt) without topical anesthesia were examined in 1d before operation and 15d and 30d after operation. · RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in subjective symptom scores of dry eye, BUT values, FL scores, and SⅠt values among the three groups before treatment (P>0. 05). After treatment, dry eye symptom scores, FL scores, and S Ⅰ t values increased at first and then decreased with time. BUT values decreased at first and then increased. Fifteen and thirty days after surgery, dry eye symptom scores, FL scores, and SⅠt values were significantly lower in the treated group Ⅰ and the treated group Ⅱ than in the control group. While BUT values were significantly higher than that in the control group. The dry eye symptom scores and S Ⅰ t value of treated group Ⅱ were significantly lower than the treated groupⅠ, and the BUT value was significantly higher than that of the treated group Ⅰ(P<0. 05). · CONCLUSION: Phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation has a certain damage of ocular surface tissue on the initial stage. The application of vitamin A palmitate eye gel combined carboxymethylcellulose sodium eye drops can improve the dry eye symptoms.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 199-202, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303176

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Although that glomerulonephritis is the major cause of end-stage renal disease in developing countries such as China, the increasing prevalence of diabetes has contributed to the changing spectrum of predialysis chronic kidney disease. Recent studies have revealed an increased proportion of patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in hemodialysis populations in large cities in China. However, studies regarding the clinical phenotype of DKD in China are extremely limited. The incidence, development, and prognosis of diabetic kidney disease (INDEED) study aims to investigate the incidence, progression, and prognosis of DKD, as well as the associated genetic, behavioral, and environmental factors and biomarkers in patients with DKD in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>INDEED study is a prospective cohort study based on all participants with diabetes in the Kailuan study, which is a general population-based cohort study in northern China. Altogether, over 10,000 participants with diabetes will be followed biennially. Questionnaires documenting general characteristics, behavioral and environmental factors, and medical history will be administrated. Anthropometric measurements and a series of laboratory tests will be performed in one central laboratory. The DNA, plasma, and urine samples of every participant will be stored in a biobank for future research.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>INDEED study will provide essential information regarding the clinical phenotype and prognosis of patients with DKD in China and will be valuable to identify factors and biomarkers associated with patients with DKD in China.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , China , Epidemiology , Diabetic Nephropathies , Epidemiology , Pathology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327780

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize our experiences in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of male breast cancer(MBC).Methods The clinical date of 24 MBC patients treated in our hospital from January 2006 to December 2012 were retrospective analyzed.Results The average age of these 24 patients was(55.7±2.1) years.All the patients received surgical treatment,and the surgical procedures were simple excision of breast lesion in 6 patients,breast resection alone in 5 patients,and modified radical mastectomy in 13 patients(bilateral in 1 case).The pathological diagnoses included invasive ductal carcinoma in 18 cases,papillary carcinoma in 4 cases,mucinous adenocarcinoma in 1 case,and malignant solitary fibrous tumor in 1 case.Twenty patients received chemotherapy,7 received radiotherapy,and 15 received endocrine therapy after operation.The 5-year survival rate was 54.2%.Conclusions The incidence of MBC is low.This malignancy is mainly seen in elderly individuals,with relatively long disease course,poor prognosis,and high risk of metastasis.MBC is mainly treated by surgery,and adjuvant chemotherapy,radiotherapy,and endocrine therapy may be applied,if appropriate,after the operation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358692

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a system for automatically controlling carotid sinus pressure in the study on baroreceptors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The preparation containing carotid sinus with parts of the connected vessels and carotid sinus nerve (CS-CSN) were isolated and perfused. A critical pressure controlling component (PRE-U, Hoerbiger, Deutschland) dictated by a computer was integrated into the system to clamp the intrasinus pressure. The pressure command and the relevant intrasinus pressure were compared to evaluate the validity of the pressure controlling system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A variety of sinus pressure-controlling patterns, including pulsation, ramp and step pressures, could be achieved accurately by using the system, and the pressure-dependent discharge activities of sinus nerve were confirmed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This system for clamping carotid sinus pressure could realize multiple pressure-controlling patterns and is a useful and flexible pressure controlling method that could applied in the study on mechano-electric transduction of baroreceptors.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Pressure , Carotid Sinus , Physiology , Nerve Fibers , Physiology , Pressoreceptors , Physiology , Rabbits
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 645-651, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326450

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the incidence of cardio-cerebral vascular events between pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) women and non-PIH(NPIH) women.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ambispective cohort study method was used and 4630 pregnant women giving birth during October 1976 to December 2008 in our hospital and participated the healthy examination between July 2006 and October 2007 at Kailuan medical group were included and divided into PIH group (n = 694) and NPIH group (n = 3936) by the history of PIH. Incidence of cardio-cerebral vascular events (myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction and cerebral hemorrhage) was obtained during follow-up. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models was used to assess the relative risk of cardio-cerebral vascular events.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The follow-up time was 2 to 34 (15.32 ± 7.94) years. (2) The childbearing age, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure before delivery were significantly higher while gestational weeks and weight of newborn were significantly less in PIH group than in NPIH group (all P < 0.01). Levels of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, waist circumference, body mass index, triglyceride, total cholesterol and fasting blood glucose during healthy examination between July 2006 and October 2007 were significantly higher in PIH group than in NPIH group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). (3) There were 71 cardio-cerebral vascular events during the follow-up. In PIH group, the incidence rate of cardio-cerebral vascular events, myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction was 20.64%, 11.08% and 8.67%, respectively, while the corresponding incidence rate was 7.82%, 4.02% and 2.67% in NPIH group (all P < 0.01). After adjustment for other traditional cardiovascular risk factors, the risk of total cardio-cerebral vascular events, myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction in PIH group was 2.99 fold (95%CI: 1.80 - 4.95), 3.91 fold (95%CI: 1.71 - 8.91) and 3.96 fold (95%CI: 1.95 - 8.05) higher than in NPIH group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PIH is an independent risk factor for cardio-cerebral vascular events.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases , Epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced , Epidemiology , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Risk Factors
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272456

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To clone the gene human thioredoxin 1 (hTrx-1) expressing its protein in the E.coli expression system and to obtain its polyclonal antibody, and to study the protective effects of hTrx-1 on neonatal rats with endotoxemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>DNA encoding hTrx-1 from fetal liver cells was isolated by RT-PCR. The hTrx-1 was cloned to the prokaryotic expression plasmid PET-28a to induce its protein expression in the E.coli expression system. The purified hTrx-1 was injected into rats to prepare polyclonal antibody. Newborn Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to three groups: control, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and hTrx-1 (n=12 each). The control and the LPS groups were intraperitoneally injected with normal saline and LPS (5 mg/kg), respectively. The hTrx-1 group received an intraperitoneal injection of hTrx-1 (10 mg/kg) 30 minutes before LPS injection. The mortality rate 24 hrs after injection was compared between the three groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The prokaryotic expression plasmid PET-28a-hTrx-1 was constructed. The hTrx-1 protein was expressed and purified. The polyclonal antibody of hTrx-1 with the titer of 1∶51200 was prepared. The mortality rate of the control, LPS and hTrx-1 groups was 0, 67% and 17%, respectively (χ2=14.400, P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The polyclonal antibody of hTrx-1 is prepared successfully. The hTrx-1 protein has protective effects on neonatal rats with endotoxiamia.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Antibodies , Blotting, Western , Endotoxemia , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Recombinant Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Thioredoxins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutic Uses
14.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 758-761, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358244

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore whether cancer cells abide by the mechanism of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the process of invasion and metastasis by comparing histology and protein expression of E-cadherin and vimentin among primary, metastatic carcinomas and their emboli.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 68 tissue specimens in 59 cases of primary adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma and their lymphatic metastasis were collected, of which there were 13 well differentiated, 11 moderately differentiated, 30 poorly differentiated tumors and 14 lymphatic metastases. The morphology and the expression of E-cadherin and vimentin proteins were assessed by H-E stain and immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall morphology of the primary cancers and their tumor emboli was similar. Among 54 primary cancers, 50 cases were positive for E-cadherin and 22 cases were positive for vimentin. Fifty-one cases were positive for E-cadherin and 22 cases were positive for vimentin in the tumor emboli, with no statistical difference (P = 0.804, P = 0.842). Among 14 cases of lymphatic metastasis, 12 cases were positive for E-cadherin and 6 cases were positive for vimentin, and the tumor emboli in 12 cases were positive for E-cadherin and 7 cases were positive for vimentin, with statistical difference (P = 0.084, P = 0.878). There were no significant difference of E-cadherin and vimentin protein expression between the cancer tissue and its emboli (P = 0.410, P = 0.824). A subset of tumor cells in cancer emboli expressed E-cadherin at a high level without vimentin expression, whereas other cells in tumor emboli showed an opposite expression pattern.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There is no significant difference of EMT characteristics among primary cancer, lymphatic metastases and their cancer emboli. Cancer thrombus contains both EMT and non-EMT cells. Further studies are required to elucidate the role of EMT in the processes of tumor invasion and metastasis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Cadherins , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Differentiation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Middle Aged , Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating , Metabolism , Pathology , Vimentin , Metabolism
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3778-3785, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273975

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Considerable evidence suggests that phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 (PRL-3) plays multiple roles in cancer metastasis; however, the molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to identify proteins associated with PRL-3-promoted colon cancer metastasis, by comparative proteomic analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Proteomes of human colon cancer LoVo cells transfected with PRL-3 gene (LoVo-PRL-3) or empty vector PAcGFP-C3 (LoVo-control) were compared using 2D gel electrophoresis. Proteins that varied significantly in concentration were selected and identified using mass spectrometry. Expression of translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) mRNA and protein in LoVo-PRL-3 and LoVo-control cells was detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting TCTP was used for silencing TCTP expression in LoVo-PRL-3 cells. Functional significance of TCTP in PRL-3-promoted colon cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion was investigated by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and transwell chamber.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seventeen proteins displaying significant and reproducible differences between LoVo-PRL-3 and LoVo-control cells were identified. Ten proteins were upregulated and seven were downregulated in LoVo-PRL-3 cells when compared with LoVo-control cells. Eight identified proteins are associated with distinct steps of tumor metastasis: ubiquitin-like protein ISG15, interleukin-18, TCTP, serpin B5, annexin A3, macrophage-capping protein, ATP-dependent RNA helicase DDX3X, and cathepsin D. Real-time PCR and Western blotting results showed that both TCTP mRNA and protein were significantly increased in LoVo-PRL-3 cells compared to LoVo-control cells. Transfection with TCTP siRNA significantly reduced the expression of both mRNA and protein levels of TCTP in LoVo-PRL-3 cells. Knockdown of TCTP by siRNA inhibited PRL-3-promoted proliferation, migration and invasion of LoVo-PRL-3 cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our results imply that TCTP might be a mediator of PRL-3-promoted proliferation, migration and invasion of human colon cancer cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Genetics , Metabolism , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Physiology , Cell Proliferation , Colonic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Humans , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases , Genetics , Metabolism , Proteomics , Methods , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685856

ABSTRACT

0.05);2)After 12,24,36 months' treatment,BP was decreased significantly in each group (P0.05).Conclusion Both combined spirono- lactone/HCTZ and captopril/HCTZ significantly reduced BP and LVMI or LVMI and the maguitude of reduction was further enhanced after prolonged treatment.

17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 396-399, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295309

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the chronic efficacy of low-dose hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After a 2-weeks placebo run-in period, 232 patients with mild or moderate hypertension were recruited and received HCTZ (12.5 mg once daily) therapy for one year. Patient compliance and blood pressure were monitored and serum BUN, Cr, glucose, electrolytes, and lipids were measured before, 6 weeks and 1 year after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Reduction of SBP, DBP and MAP were more significantly at 1 year [(10.45 +/- 17.28) mm Hg, (8.45 +/- 11.06) mm Hg, (9.12 +/- 10.88) mm Hg] than that at 6 weeks post therapy [(6.01 +/- 16.05) mm Hg, (2.90 +/- 10.33) mm Hg, (3.94 +/- 10.68) mm Hg, all P < 0.05]. Blood pressure were reduced to normal in 35.1% patients at 1 year and in 20.3% patients at 6 weeks (P < 0.05). (2) No patient developed diabetes mellitus or hypokalemia during therapy while the serum uric acid at 1 year post therapy was significantly higher than that at before therapy (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The study indicates that low dose HCTZ is an effective and safe antihypertensive agent for patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension and uric acid changes during therapy need to be monitored.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antihypertensive Agents , Blood Pressure , Female , Humans , Hydrochlorothiazide , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640887

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of chronic hyperglycemia on the proliferation,secretion function and expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress(ERS) related molecules in pancreatic ? cell line MIN6. Methods MIN6 cells were treated with different concentrations of glucose(5.6,25 and 33.3mmol/L) and were harvested at indicated time(24h and 96h) for examinations.Cell proliferation was tested using CCK-8 solution,insulin and proinsulin secretion function was determined by ELISA,and mRNA expression of ERS related molecules(Total XBP-1,Spliced XBP-1) and protein expression of phosphorylated IRE1? were detected by Real-time PCR and Western blotting,respectively. Results After treatment with hyperglycemia for 96h, cell proliferation was significantly lower than that treated for 24h(P

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263236

ABSTRACT

A novel technique of three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction, segmentation, display and analysis of series slices of images including microscopic wide field optical sectioning by deconvolution method, cryo-electron microscope slices by Fourier-Bessel synthesis and electron tomography (ET), and a series of computed tomography (CT) was developed to perform simultaneous measurement on the structure and function of biomedical samples. The paper presents the 3D reconstruction segmentation display and analysis results of pollen spore, chaperonin, virus, head, cervical bone, tibia and carpus. At the same time, it also puts forward some potential applications of the new technique in the biomedical realm.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Anatomy, Cross-Sectional , Methods , Artificial Intelligence , Image Enhancement , Methods , Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted , Methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Methods , Pattern Recognition, Automated , Methods , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity
20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 880-884, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253049

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the association between G614T single nuclear polymorphism (SNP) of the alpha-adducin gene and the antihypertensive effect of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) in essential hypertensive (EH) patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eight hundred twenty nine EH patients were given 12.5 mg HCTZ/d for six weeks. Alpha-adducin gene G614T SNP in the tenth exon was determined by PCR-RFLP in 754 patients with complete records. All the patients were grouped according to TT, GT and GG genotypes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 6 weeks of HCTZ treatment, the decreases in DBP and MAP of patients carrying 614T allele of alpha-adducin were significantly greater than that of those carrying GG homozygotes (P < 0.05). The decreases in SBP and MAP were significantly greater in patients with the TT genotype as compared with GT or GG genotype (P < 0.05). The effective rate of BP fall by HCTZ was higher in patients with TT genotype than those with GT or GG genotype (P < 0.05). Multivariate stepwise regression analysis showed that the TT genotype and the baseline SBP were the two major predictors affecting the decrease in SBP.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The present study suggests that the alpha-adducin G614T polymorphism is associated with the antihypertensive effect of HCTZ, which is more effective in patients with TT genotype.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antihypertensive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Blood Pressure , Calmodulin-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Female , Humans , Hydrochlorothiazide , Therapeutic Uses , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Single-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome
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