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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 123-129, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940322

ABSTRACT

In order to provide the basis for the development of famous classical formulas containing Myrrha, the name, origin, quality evaluation, harvest and processing of Myrrha were systematically researched by consulting the ancient herbal and medical books, combining with the modern related literature. According to textual research, the results showed that Commiphora myrrha was the main base in ancient times, which was produced in Somalia, Ethiopia and northern Kenya. In addition, raw and fried products of Myrrha were the commonly used specifications in ancient herbal medicine, which are still used today. Nowadays, Myrrha, fried Myrrha and vinegar-processed Myrrha were the commonly used specifications. Among the three specifications, Myrrha is the raw products after cleaning, fried Myrrha is a kind of processed products, which has relevant records in ancient materia medica and is still used today. Vinegar-processed Myrrha is a new processing specification in modern times. Based on the research results, it is suggested that Myrrha in Shentong Zhuyutang should be the purified raw Myrrha in accordance with the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia.

2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 976-982, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829067

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of moxibustion on the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the perspective of programmed cell death-1 and its ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1).@*METHODS@#A total of 30 Japanese big ear white rabbits were randomly divided into a control group, a model group and a moxibustion group, 10 rabbits in each one. In the model group and the moxibustion group, RA model was prepared by the injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) into the hind knee joint cavities of each rabbit. In the control group, 0.9% sodium chloride solution of the same dose was injected. On the 8th day of experiment, in the moxibustion group, moxibustion was applied to "Shenshu" (BL 23) and "Zusanli" (ST 36), 5 cones at each acupoint, on the bilateral sides alternatively, once a day, 6 treatments as one course, with an interval of 1 days between the treatment courses. Totally, 3 courses of treatment were required. On the 1st, 7th, 14th, 21st and 28th days of experiment, successively, the circumference of the bilateral knee joints was measured with the tape. On the 28th day of experiment, H.E. staining was adopted to observe the histopathological morphology and to evaluate the score of knee synovial tissue. ELISA was used to determined the concentrations of soluble PD-1 (sPD-1) and its ligand 1 (sPD-L1), the interleukin 2 (IL-2) and IL-17 in knee synovial fluid and the concentrations of sPD-1 and sPD-L1 in serum. The histochemistry method was used to determine the expressions of membrane PD-1 (mPD-1) and its ligand 1 (mPD-L1) in spleen tissue.@*RESULTS@#On the 14th, 21st and 28th days of experiment, the circumference of both knee joints was increased in each of the rabbits in the model group as compared with the control group (<0.01), and it was reduced significantly in the moxibustion group as compared with the model group (<0.01). Compared with the control group, the hyperplasia of synovial tissue and fibrous tissue, as well as inflammatory cell infiltration were increased obviously in the model group (<0.01), and they were reduced significantly in the moxibustion group as compared with the model group (<0.01, <0.05). Compared with the control group, the concentrations of IL-2 and IL-17 in knee synovial fluid were increased in the rabbits of the model group (<0.01). Compared with the model group, after the intervention with moxibustion, the concentrations of IL-2 and IL-17 in knee synovial fluid were reduced in the rabbits of the moxibustion group (<0.05). Compared with the control group, the concentrations of sPD-1 and sPD-L1 in knee synovial fluid and serum in the rabbits of the model group were all increased (<0.05). Compared with the model group, the concentration of sPD-1 in the knee synovial fluid and serum were reduced in the rabbits of moxibustion group (<0.05). Compared with the control group, the expressions of mPD-1 and mPD-L1 in spleen tissue were increased obviously in the rabbits of the model group (<0.05). Compared with the model group, the expression of mPD-L1 in spleen tissue was up-regulated in the rabbits of the moxibustion group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion could inhibit the over-activation of T cells by enhancing the negative regulation of PD-1/PD-L1 signaling pathway so as to play its effect in treatment of RA.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 167-172, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802016

ABSTRACT

The commodity specification and grade is a symbol of quality of Chinese medicinal materials,a standard to measure and evaluate the quality of Chinese medicinal materials,and an important part of the quality control system of Chinese medicinal materials.This article reviewed relevant research literature of commodity specification and grade of Chinese medicinal materials,including the formation and policy support of specification and grade.It analyzed the specific research examples of the commodity specification and grade of Chinese medicinal materials according to the classification of medicinal parts,and summarized the research conditions of the commodity classification at present stage.Aiming at the current research difficulties and the lack of unified standards in specification and grade of Chinese medicinal materials,some advice including research objects,methods,management,publicity,promotion and application are put forward,so as to provide references for the research on the commodity specification and grade of Chinese medicinal materials.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 242-248, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777447

ABSTRACT

Standard decoction of medicinal slices has gradually acquired the height of researcher,government and enterprise for approval. And much consensus are increasingly reached. But there are lots of problem needing further discussing.This article summaries the published literature about standard decoction of medicinal slices in recent 3 years. And clarifies the origin of standard decoction of medicinal slices,explain the definition. The study status of standard decoction was reviewed and further analyzed in detail. And then the application fields of standard decoction of medicinal slices are listed. Combined with the research examples of groups,the problem in the study of standard decoction of medicinal slices was discussed. And relevant suggestions are put forward. All this is expected to provide reference in standard decoction research,the quality criterion o of formula granule and study of classical traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) excellent prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Reference Standards , Research
5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1652-1656, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750473

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To discuss the protective effects of betaine-homocysteine methyl transferase(BHMT)on oxidative damaged human lens epithelial cells(HLEC)induced by homocysteine.<p>METHODS: HLEC were cultured <i>in vitro</i> and then randomly divided into 3 groups. Normal group:normal cultured HLEC; control group: normal cultured HLEC transfected with empty vector; BHMT gene overexpression group(OE): HLEC transfected with BHMT gene overexpression. All groups were cultured in 10% FCS DMEM +5mmol/L Hcy for 16h. After cultured, BHMT mRNA expression was measured by qRT-PCR and Western blot, the cell proliferation was detected by EdU Assay Kit,The level of ROS and GSH of HLEC were measured by Flow Cytometer and Visible Spectrophotometers. The expression level of of protein(GRP78, Nrf2, Caspase-12)was measured by western blotting. <p>RESULTS: After cultured 16h, cell proliferation ability in OE group was increased by 30.0% compared with NC group(<i>P</i><0.05).The expression of ROS in normal group(89.2043±0.3511)% was obviously higher than OE group(49.5625±0.4502)%, <i>P</i><0.05, GSH activity in OE group was obviously higher than control group and normal group,(<i>P</i><0.05). The expression level of GRP78 in the normal group and the control group was significantly higher than overexpression group. The expression level of Nrf2 in the normal group and the control group was significantly lower than overexpression group. The expression level of Caspase-12 in the overexpression group was significantly lower than that in the control group.<p>CONCLUSION: BHMT <i>in vitro</i> can prevent the oxidative damage of HLEC by high homocysteine, clear the ROS and decrease the ER stress reaction. Apoptosis of lens epithelial cells was inhibited. BHMT plays an important protective role in oxidative damaged HLEC induced by Hcy.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 796-800, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695309

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of tumor necrosis factor receptor associated factor 6 (TRAF6) on proliferation, apoptosis and invasion of retinoblastoma Y79 cells. METHODS: The Y79 cells were divided into three groups:blank control group, negative control group and TRAF6 siRNA group. After TRAF6 siRNA transfection, the levels of TRAF6 mRNA and protein in Y79 cells were examined by RT-PCR and Western blotting. MTT assay was used to detect cell proliferation. Flow cytometry was employed to detect changes in cell cycle and apoptosis. Cell invasiveness was detected by the Transwell method. RESULTS: Expression of TRAF6 mRNA and protein in the TRAF6 siRNA group significantly decreased compared with the negative and blank control groups. Following the silencing of TRAF6,cell proliferation was inhibited and the apoptosis rate increased; the cell cycle was arrested at G0/G1 phase; the number of cells in S phase was reduced, while the invasion ability of cancer cells decreased. CONCLUSION: Silencing TRAF6 may inhibit the proliferation of Y79 cells, promote cell apoptosis, arrest the cell cycle at G0/G1 phase and decrease the invasive ability. Thus,TRAF6 may be a potential target in therapy for retinoblastoma.

7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 272-276, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689764

ABSTRACT

The safety of occupational exposure to inhaled anesthetics remains a concern among the medical staff in hospitals. Few reports are seen about the impact of inhaled anesthetics on the reproductive system, particularly that of males. Several clinical and basic studies on isoflurane and others suggest that inhaled anesthetics affect the reproductive system of rodents by decreasing the sperm count, inducing sperm morphological abnormality, reducing sperm motility, and changing the levels of reproductive hormones, the underlying mechanisms of which are mainly associated with the alteration of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and DNA damage and apoptosis of reproductive cells. This article reviews the main impacts of inhaled anesthetics on the male reproductive system and the possible mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Anesthetics, Inhalation , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , DNA Damage , Genitalia, Male , Isoflurane , Pharmacology , Occupational Exposure , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 737-744, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779652

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to explore a sensitive, stable and reliable method for evaluating the phagocytosis, in which RAW264.7 macrophages engulfed GFP-Escherichia coli was tested by high-content screening technology. The study was conducted to optimize the method in evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine in the promotion of macrophage function. By testing macrophages at different ratio of bacteria to cells (multiplicity of infection, MOI), and at different incubation time, we optimized a high content screening method and the experimental parameters to determine the impact of bacteria in macrophages (fluorescence intensity index = be swallowed bacteria/macrophages). The method was used to determine whether Dendrobium moniliforme (DM) have effects on macrophage phagocytosis. The results show that the index has a positive relationship with MOI values, and the highest index was observed at incubation time of 1.5 h. The optimized conditions was 1×104 cells/well with a MOI of 50:1 (bacteria:cells) with incubation of 1.5 h. Under this condition, the relative standard deviation (RSD) was less than 10% in the precision test. Using the method to detect DM regulating macrophage phagocytosis experiment results showed that in 0.31-2.50 g·L-1 concentration range, DM has a dose-response effect in promoting phagocytosis. We successfully established the method for evaluation of macrophage phagocytosis, and proved the activity of DM in promotion of macrophage phagocytosis.

9.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 2143-2145, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858877

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate and analyze the rational use of apatinib in cancer hospital. METHODS: Retrospective study was applied. Through reviewing medical records, the patient' s basic information, drug therapy information and adverse drug effects were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Apatinib is mainly used in patients with advanced metastatic gastric or esophagogastric junction cancer who have failed at least two chemotherapeutic regimens. The clinical common dose of apatinib was 0.25 or 0.5 g, less than the dose of 0.85 g recommended in drug instruction. CONCLUSION: Apatinib is a new choice for gastric or esophagogastric junction cancer. It has demonstrated tolerable adverse effects in these patients. However, at present, more attentions should be paid to possible effect of drug dose on clinical outcome.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 723-730, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328168

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of vinorelbine and cisplatin (NP chemotherapy) alone or in combination with Aidi injection for the treatment of advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Pertinent publications were identified in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CNKI, CQVIP, and Wanfang databases, up to December 8, 2015. After quality assessment of all included randomized controlled trials evaluating Aidi injection combined with NP chemotherapy for the treatment of advanced NSCLC, a meta-analysis was performed by Review Manager 5.2 and STATA 12.0 for statistical analyses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twelve studies including 509 and 503 cases in the experimental and control groups, respectively, were finally analyzed. The meta-analysis revealed that when cisplatin dose ranging from 20 to 40 mg/m 2 , combination of Aidi injection and NP chemotherapy was statistically different compared with NP chemotherapy alone in enhancing efficiency (relative risk [RR] = 1.24, 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.05-1.47], P = 0.010) and reducing the incidence of Grade II or above nausea and vomiting (RR = 0.49, 95% CI [0.30-0.80], P = 0.005). Meanwhile, with cisplatin ranging from 80 to 120 mg/m 2 , no significant differences in efficiency (RR = 1.11, 95% CI [0.87-1.42], P = 0.390) and Grade II or above nausea and vomiting (RR = 0.88, 95% CI [0.71-1.10], P = 0.260) were obtained. In addition, Aidi injection combined with NP chemotherapy was superior to NP chemotherapy alone in improving the quality of life, alleviating Grade II or above leukopenia and thrombocytopenia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Aidi injection combined with NP chemotherapy can enhance efficiency, improve the quality of life, and decrease adverse effects in patients with advanced NSCLC.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Psychology , Cisplatin , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Injections , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Psychology , Publication Bias , Quality of Life , Vinblastine
11.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1490-1494, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286356

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of peimine on excision repair cross-complementation 1 (ERCC1) mRNA and lung resistant protein (LRP) expressions in A549/cisplatin (DDP) multidrug resistance (MDR) cell line.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Lung cancer A549/DDP cells were cultured in vitro.Cells at logarithmic growth phase were divided into 4 groups, i.e., the blank control group, the DDP group, the ligustrazine group (DDP+ligustrazine), the peimine group (DDP + peimine). After 48-h drug action, ERCC1 mRNA expression was detected by RT-PCR and LRP expression detected by cell immunofluorescence.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no statistical difference in expression levels of ERCC1 mRNA and LRP between the DDP group and the blank control group (P > 0.05). Compared with the DDP group, expression levels of ERCC1 mRNA and LRP obviously decreased in the ligustrazine group and the peimine group (P < 0.05). They were obviously lower in the peimine group than in the ligustrazine group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Peimine could reverse MDR of A549/DDP cell line. Its mechanism might be associated with down-regulating ERCC1 mRNA and LRP expression levels.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cevanes , Pharmacology , Cisplatin , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Down-Regulation , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Endonucleases , Genetics , Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-1 , Genetics , Lung Neoplasms , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2034-2039, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335664

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Hyperglycemia is associated with poor clinical outcomes and mortality in several patients. However, studies evaluating hyperglycemia variation in tumor patients receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN) are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between glycemia and tumor kinds with TPN by monitoring glycemic variation in tumor patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This retrospective clinical trial selected 312 patients with various cancer types, whose unique nutrition treatment was TPN during the monitoring period. All patients had blood glucose (BG) values assessed at least six times daily during the TPN infusion. The glycemic variation before and after TPN was set as the indicator to evaluate the factors influencing BG.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The clinical trial lasted 7.5 ± 3.0 days adjusted for age, gender, family cancer history and blood types. There were six cancer types: Hepatic carcinoma (HC, 21.8%), rectal carcinoma (17.3%), colon carcinoma (CC, 14.7%), gastric carcinoma (29.8%), pancreatic carcinoma (11.5%), and duodenal carcinoma (DC, 4.8%). The patients were divided into diabetes and nondiabetes groups. No statistical differences in TPN glucose content between diabetes and nondiabetes groups were found; however, the tumor types affected by BG values were obvious. With increasing BG values, DC, HC and CC were more represented than other tumor types in this sequence in diabetic individuals, as well as in the nondiabetic group. BG was inclined to be more easily influenced in the nondiabetes group. Other factors did not impact BG values, including gender, body mass index, and TPN infusion duration time.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>When tumor patients are treated with TPN, BG levels should be monitored according to different types of tumors, besides differentiating diabetes or nondiabetes patients. Special BG control is needed for DC, HC and CC in both diabetic and nondiabetic patients. If BG overtly increases, positive measurements are needed to control BG values. The ClinicalTrials.gov ID is NCT02024321.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Glucose , Case-Control Studies , Neoplasms , Blood , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Methods
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1930-1934, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351237

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the process performance indexes (PPIs) P(p) and P(pk) were introduced and applied to evaluate the process capability and quality consistence of Chinese medicine products. The historical quality analysis data of Qingkailing injection were collected and taken as the research object. The confidence intervals of P(p) and P(pk) were estimated based on the Bootstrap sampling methods. Results showed that the value and width of the confidence interval P(p) of were smaller that of P(pk) suggesting that the P(pk) index was more sensitive than P(p) in process capability analysis. Within the production period concerned, the P(pk) values estimated from different quality indexes of Qingkailing injection, such as baicalin, cholic acid, geniposide and total nitrogen, were 1.122, 2.055, 1.564 and 0.891, respectively. It could be found that the cholic acid had the highest process capability, followed by the geniposide and baicalin. The total nitrogen had the lowest process capability, indicating that it is necessary to reinforce the quality management of total nitrogen related manufacturing processes. The case studies demonstrate the effectiveness and feasibility of PPIs, which are convenient to be used in production practice of Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Reference Standards , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Injections , Quality Control
14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 510-512, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636087

ABSTRACT

Vitreous floaters is a common complaint in the ophthalmic care setting,and it is commonly caused by vitreous liquefaction and posterior vitreous detachment (PVD).Because vitreous floaters is considered to be a benign procedure,ophthalmologists have little to offer regarding treatment options.Although almost all patients accept the conservative management option,there are some patients with a significant visual disturbance who may desire a more aggressive treatment intervention for resolution of their visual symptoms.Vitrectomy has been used as a treatment option for patients with symptomatic vitreous floaters abroad.The risks and benefits for these treatment options are not fully covered.Therefore,safety of vitrectomy for floaters is being concerned.This article reviews the researching progression in the treatment options for symptomatic patients with vitreous floaters.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 286-290, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235670

ABSTRACT

In this study, we explored the rationality of processing methods and mechanism of Aconiti Lateralis Radix (Fuzi) through comparing the chemical contents of diester alkaloids (DAs) and monoester alkaloids (MAs) in the raw material of Fuzi and its processed products. The results showed that the toxicity potency of MAs is at least lower than 1/64 to 1/180 of the toxicity potency of DAs. The contents of DAs in processed Fuzi decreased to 1/76.5 to 1/38.3 of the value of raw Fuzi. The contents of MAs in processed Fuzi significantly increased by 4.6 to 5.2 fold or basically the same as that of the raw Fuzi. The values of MAs/DAs of processed Fuzi were enhanced by 30 to 390 fold of the raw Fuzi. It was found that the contents of DAs were insignificantly different between "Wu dan fu pian" (steaming or stir-frying without Danba) and "Dan fu pian" (steaming or stir-frying with Danba). The result suggested that the abilities of "eliminating toxicity" of different processing methods were equivalent at all. In contrast, the contents of MAs contained in "Wu dan fu pian" were of 5.3 to 8.7 fold higher than the values in "Dan fu pian". This result suggested the processing method by steaming or stir-frying without Danba might have better effect for "conserving property" than the method processed with Danba stipulated by China Pharmacopoeia. We believe that the new processing method without Danba can be recommended in further application due to it offers a simple procedure and it will not introduce inorganic impurities in the products.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Aconitine , Toxicity , Aconitum , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Cluster Analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Toxicity , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 627-631, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354580

ABSTRACT

This study is to elucidate the metabolic pathway of 1,2-[bis (1,2-benzisoselenazolone-3 (2H)-ketone)]-ethane (BBSKE) in rats. Rats were administrated with a single dose of BBSKE 200 mg x kg(-1). The metabolites in rat urine, feces, bile and plasma were identified by LC-MSn analysis. The characterization of fragment ions from LC-MSn chromatography and mass spectrometry was applied to the investigation of structures of metabolites. Three phase I metabolites were detected in rat urine and feces. Two of them were also found in plasma and one existed in bile. These products were derived from oxidized, methylated and S-methylated BBSKE, separately. One phase II glucuronide of BBSKE was also found in bile. Therefore, it is possible that BBSKE was metabolized by oxidization, methylation and glucuronidation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Administration, Oral , Antineoplastic Agents , Blood , Metabolism , Urine , Bile , Metabolism , Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic , Blood , Metabolism , Urine , Chromatography, Liquid , Feces , Chemistry , Organoselenium Compounds , Blood , Metabolism , Urine , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
17.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (6): 862-865,881, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640990

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of visual hallucination among patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), and analyse the potential risk factors. Methods One hundred and twenty-eight patients with PD were administered self-prepared visual hallucination questionnaires, and prevalence of visual hallucination was surveyed. The differences in sex, age, disease duration, Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) scores, Hoehn & Yahr stage, types of medicine used and levodopa equivalent doses (LDE) were compared between the patients with visual hallucination and those without visual hallucination. The prevalence of rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) was investigated in patients with visual hallucination. Results Eighteen patients (14.06%) experienced visual hallucination, among whom 10 (55.56%) experienced visual hallucination no less than one time per day, 11 (61.11%) "saw" the shadow of human figure and 15(83.33%)were complicated with RBD. There were significant differences in MMSE scores, Hoehn & Yahr stage, female proportion and usage of dopamine agonists between patients with visual hallucination and those without visual hallucination(P<0.05). Conclusion Visual hallucination is a common non-motor symptom among patients with PD, and cognitive function, disease severity and usage of dopamine agonista may be related to visual hallucination.

18.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 117-120, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236219

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of auricular points sticking-pressing (APSP) in treating post-cesarean hypogalactia (PCH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A randomized, controlled, single-blinded clinical trial on 116 patients with PCH was carried out. They were equally assigned to the treatment group and the control group. The treatment group received APSP, with the pellets pressed for 4 times daily, while the control group was only asked to do lactation to meet infant demand. The therapeutic efficacy and the changes in scores of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome, volume of milk secretion, supplementary feeding and serum level of prolactin (PRL) in the two groups were estimated and compared after the patients had been treated for 5 days.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cured and markedly effective rate in the treatment group was 89.7%, which was significantly higher than that in the control group (27.6%, P<0.05), 95% CI (0.1543, 0.2527). The improvement of TCM syndrome, elevation of milking volume, decrease of the supplementary feeding and increase of PRL level revealed in the treatment group were all superior to those in the control group, showing statistical significance (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>APSP shows an apparent efficacy in treating PCH and is worthy of application in clinical practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture, Ear , Methods , Cesarean Section , Rehabilitation , Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Lactation , Physiology , Lactation Disorders , Blood , Therapeutics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Milk, Human , Bodily Secretions , Postoperative Complications , Therapeutics , Pressure , Prolactin , Blood , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1780-1783, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240798

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>At present, the most effective treatment for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) remains whole-lung lavage in spite of the usually accompanying severe hypoxemia, which is expected to be prevented by hyperoxygenated solution improving oxygen supply during lavage. In this study, the efficacy and safety of the effect of hyperoxygenated solution were evaluated.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Five patients underwent whole-lung lavage over a 28-month period. Each lung was lavaged with hyperoxygenated (HO) and normal saline solution (plain lactated Ringer's solution, NO) randomly and alternatively until the reclaimed fluid was clear. Random number was generated by computer before every cycle of lavage. If the number was odd, the patient was assigned to receive a lavage cycle with hyperoxygenated solution (HO group, n = 109); if the number was even, normal saline solution was used (NO group, n = 115). Data of saturation of peripheral oxygen (SPO(2)), mean arterial pressure (MAP), central venous pressure (CVP), heart rate (HR) and end-tidal carbon dioxide tension (P(ET)CO(2)) were taken down at 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, 210 and 240 seconds from the beginning of the instillation of solution, and frequency and volume of unilateral lung lavage were also recorded. Time interval between the left and the right lung lavage was 1 week.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No patient was withdrawn from the study due to low SPO(2) or leakage. Oxygen pressure was (730.21 +/- 7.43) mmHg in the hyperoxygenated solution against (175.73 +/- 5.92) mmHg in the normal saline solution (P < 0.01). Compared with baseline, SPO(2) increased significantly as the instillation of solution began (P < 0.01), leveled for about 30 seconds (P > 0.05), and then decreased significantly to the lowest at the time of drainage (compared with 120 seconds or peak, P < 0.01). SPO2 was higher in HO group than in NO group (P < 0.01). There were no significant differences in MAP, HR, CVP and P(ET)CO(2) between HO group and NO group (P > 0.05) and also among different time points (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>During the lung lavage for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, hyperoxygenated solution could significantly improve oxygen supply in comparison with normal saline solution without obvious side effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Methods , Oxygen , Therapeutic Uses , Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis , Therapeutics , Sodium Chloride , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
20.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640445

ABSTRACT

Neurotransmitter release is controlled by groups of proteins associated with the membranes of synaptic vesicles and the presynaptic membranes.It is a highly dynamic process which is spatially and temporally regulated via a cascade of protein-protein interactions.These proteins participate in each step of the synaptic vesicle circulation at nerve terminals including the formation of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor-attachment protein receptors complex,the targeted trafficking of synaptic vesicles,the vesicle docking,the neurotransmitter release and finally the reuse of the proteins.This article focuses on the physiological function and the interactions of these regulating proteins.

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