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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829048

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of multiple negative costimulatory molecules on peripheral blood T cells in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its affection on prognosis.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood samples from patients with newly diagnosed AML, complete remission (CR), and no-remission (NR) were collected, the expression levels PD-1、VISTA and TIM-3 in CD4 and CD8 T cells were detected by flow cytometry , and the clinical data of patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of PD-1、VISTA and TIM-3 of CD4 and CD8 T cells in the newly diagnosed AML patients were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). The expression levels of PD-1、TIM-3 and VISTA of CD4 and CD8 T cells in the CR group were significantly lower than those in newly diagnosed and the NR group (P<0.05). The TIM-3 expression level positively correlated with VISTA expression level of CD4 and CD8 T cells in newly diagnosed AML patients (r=0.85 and 0.73). The VISTA and PD-1 expression level of CD4 T cells in newly diagnosed AML, NR after first induction chemotherapy and high risk patients significantly increased (P<0.05), the TIM-3 expression level of CD8 T cells in high risk group significantly increased (P<0.05), and the VISTA expression level of CD8 T cells in CBFβ-MYH11 mutation-positive group significantly decreased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of PD-1、TIM-3 and VISTA in AML peripheral blood T cells may be involved in the immune escape of AML and can be the targets of treatment for acute myeloid leukemia patients.


Subject(s)
B7 Antigens , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2 , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 85-95, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297513

ABSTRACT

Cellular excitability is an important physiological factor in maintaining normal cardiac activity. The present study was designed to investigate the ionic mechanism underlying different excitability in atrial and ventricular myocytes of guinea pig heart using a whole-cell patch configuration. We found that excitability is lower in ventricular myocytes than that in atrial myocytes. Although the density of voltage-gated fast Na(+) current (INa) was lower in ventricular myocytes, it would not correlate to the lower excitability since its availability was greater than that in atrial myocytes around threshold potential. Classical inward rectifier K(+) current (IK1) was greater in ventricular myocytes than that in atrial myocytes, which might contribute in part to the lower excitability. In addition, the transient outward K(+) current with inward rectification (Itoir) elicited by depolarization was greater in ventricular myocytes than that in atrial myocytes and might contribute to the lower excitability. In ventricular myocytes, Ba(2+) at 5 µmol/L significantly inhibited Itoir, enhanced excitability, and shifted the threshold potential of INa activation to more negative, and the effect was independent of affecting INa. Our results demonstrate the novel information that in addition to classical IK1, Itoir plays a major role in determining the distinctive excitability in guinea pig atrial and ventricular myocytes and maintaining cardiac excitability. More effort is required to investigate whether increase of Itoir would be protective via reducing excitability.


Subject(s)
Animals , Atrial Function , Guinea Pigs , Heart Atria , Cell Biology , Heart Ventricles , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Cardiac , Physiology , Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying , Physiology , Ventricular Function , Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels , Physiology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-841080

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the current situation and trend of anti-infection drug usage in 11 hospitals of Shanghai during 2003-2005. Methods: Using the cost ranking approach, we analyzed the anti-infection drug usage in 11 major hospitals of Shanghai during 2003-2005. The drug species, consumption, cost, manufacturer, etc. were analyzed by Excel 2000 software. Results: It was found that the cost of anti-infection drugs in the 11 hospitals occupied 22. 65% of the total drug expenditure during 2003-2005 and the expenditure decreased at an annual rate of 4.02%. We also found that 80% of the anti-infection drugs were antibiotics. The consumption of β-lactamase inhibitor valued 44.120 5, 73.696 7 and 95.163 0 million Yuan in 2003, 2004 and 2005, respectively (with a yearly growth of 46.86%), ranking the 3rd in 2003 and the 2nd in both 2004 and 2005. The consumption of cephalosporins ranked the first during 2003-2005, The top 20 anti-infection drugs occupied nearly 80% of the total consumption; the consumption of sulbactam sodium/cefoperazone raised from the 17th in 2003 to the 5th in 2004 and to the first in 2005. Conclusion: The consumption of anti-infection drugs has been restrained; cephalosporins are still the major drugs in clinical practice; and the consumption of sulbactam sodium/cefoperazone is on the rise year by year.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 166-170, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314507

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct a recombinant lentiviral vector (pXZ208-BDDhFVIII) mediating B-domain-deleted human coagulation factor VIII (BDDhFVIII) gene and investigate its expression in HLF, Chang-Liver and MSC cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>BDDhFVIII gene fragment was separated by endonuclease digestion and was cloned into the multiple cloning sites of pXZ208 to construct a recombinant lentiviral vector pXZ208-BDDhFVIII. Viral particles were prepared by means of three-plasmid cotransfection of 293T package cells by calcium phosphate precipitation. After infection, the coagulant activity of human FVIII in the culture medium of 293T, HLF, Chang-Liver and MSC cells was assayed by one-stage method. The gene transduction efficiency was assayed by flow cytometry (FCM). Furthermore, PCR was performed to test the integration of BDDhFVIII.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The infection rates of HLF, Chang-Liver and MSC were (74.52 +/- 7.57)%, (27.24 +/- 6.53)% and (42.34 +/- 5.84)% respectively. The activities of FVIII in supernatants of HLF, Chang-Liver and MSC were (54.1 +/- 5.6)%, (22.5 +/- 2.9)% and (12.5 +/- 2.7)% respectively. BDDhFVIII gene integration was detected in all the infected cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The recombinant lentiviral vector pXZ208-BDDhFVIII was successfully constructed and efficiently integrated into target cells to express human FVIII activity in vitro.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Factor VIII , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Lentivirus , Genetics , Plasmids , Transfection
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 399-403, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314472

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of bortezomib on prophylaxis of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after mouse allogeneic-bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT) and its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>C57BL/6 (H-2(b)) mice were used as donors and BALB/c (H-2d+) mice as recipients. After allo-BMT, the BALB/c mice were divided into 3 groups, ie. group A:BMT control, group B: BMT + early infusion of bortezomib (1 mg kg(-1) d(-1), day 0-3), group C: BMT + late infusion of bortezomib (1 mg kg(-1) d(-1), day 5-7). Clinical manifestations of aGVHD, pathohistological changes, survival rate and levels of recipients H-2(b) cells detected by flow cytometry in the recipient mice were observed. Monodirectional mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC) system was established ex vivo and different concentrations of bortezomib (0, 2, 4, 8 nmol/L) were added to the system. The viability of the cells was detected by CCK-8 assay and cells apoptosis by flow cytometry. The concentrations of IL-2, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha in the supernatant were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mice in group A developed typical aGVHD and all died of aGVHD within 3 weeks after transplantation, with a median survival time of (16.1 +/- 2.5) d. The symptoms of aGVHD was milder in group B than in group A, and the median survival time was significantly longer. The 60-day survival rate in group B was 70%, being significantly higher than that in other two groups(P<0.05). The mean value of donor-derived cell (H-2(b) cells) in group B was (98.1 +/- 1.1)% at 60 days. The symptoms of aGVHD was significantly severer in group C than in group A, and the median survival time was shorter. Bortezomib inhibited the cells viability in MLC system in a dose-dependent manner. After treated with 8 nmol/L bortezomib for 24 h, the inhibition ratio of cells viability was (41.4 +/- 6.0)%. The cell apoptosis rate increased gradually with bortezomib treatment for 12 h, 24 h and 36 h. After treated with 8 nmol/L bortezomib for 36 h, the apoptosis rate was (62.8 +/- 7.0)%. After treated for 24 h, the levels of IL-2, IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha in the supernatant were decreased.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Bortezomib administered immediately after allogeneic BMT can prevent aGVHD, improve the survival rate and have no influence of engraftment in the recipient mice. Delayed administration of bortezomib results in acceleration of aGVHD-induced mortality. Its mechanism maybe inhibition of the lymphocyte viability, increase of the cells apoptosis rate, and inhibition of secretion of IL-2, IFN-gamma, and TNF-alpha.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Boronic Acids , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Bortezomib , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Graft vs Host Disease , Interferon-gamma , Metabolism , Interleukin-2 , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Pyrazines , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1074-1078, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318786

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to construct a lentiviral vector carrying human coagulant factor VIII (FVIII) and to investigate its expression in 293T cells. B-domain-deleted factor VIII gene fragment (BDDhFVIIIcDNA) was obtained by enzyme digestion and cloned into lentiviral vector pXZ208 to establish the expression vector pXZ208-BDDhFVIII. Recombinant viral particles were prepared by cotransfection with packaging plasmid delta NRF and envelope plasmid VSV-G using calcium phosphate precipitation method. 293T cells were transfected by viral supernatant. Coagulant activity of FVIII, BDDhFVIIImRNA and genome integration were assayed by one-step method, RT-PCR and PCR after transfection. The results showed that 293T cells could be transfected by recombinant virus. The transfection rate of 293T was 59.57%. After transfection, the cells expressed FVIII efficiently. Detection confirmed that the activity of FVIII was 12%, 43% and 87% respectively at 24, 48 and 72 hours after infection. BDDhFVIII transcription was detected by RT-PCR from the infected cells. The gene integration in the targeted cells was also observed. It is concluded that the successfully constructed lentiviral vector is able to generate high level expression of human FVIII in 293T cells, which may provide a potential application of gene therapy to haemophilia A.


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Factor VIII , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Lentivirus , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276810

ABSTRACT

The study was purposed to prepare the recombinant lentiviral vector pTK161 and pTK162 carrying B-domain-deleted canine factor (BDDcFVIII) gene, and to investigate whether the canine FVIII (cVIII) can be expressed in vitro. The BDDcFVIII gene was ligated behind PUB and 2OH1 promotors to create lentiviral vectors pTK161 and pTK162. Meantime lentiviral vectors pTK161' and pTK161' were produced by cloning a green fluorescent protein (GFP) into pTK151 and pTK152, which was driven by PUB and 2OH1 promotors respectively. Vector supernatant were prepared by using transfer calcium phosphate mediated-cotransfection of 293T cells. The virus vector, DeltaNRF packaging-plasmid, and VSV-G envelope-plasmid was assayed by titers and cFVIII activity in cell culture supernatant after infection into 293T cells. pTK161, pTK162, pTK161' and pTK161' were identified by restriction enzyme analyzing. The results showed that the lentiviral vectors pTK161, pTK162, pTK161' and pTK161' were successfully constructed, and the titers of pTK161' and pTK161' reached to 1.54 x 10(6) U/ml and 2.83 x 10(6) U/ml; the activity of cFVIII could be detected at 24 hours after infection of 293T cells by pTK161 and pTK162, and achieved the highest level at 72 hours later. The higher level of cFVIII activity was achieved by transfected with pTK162 than that of pTK161 (p < 0.05), which closed to the cFVIII activity in normal dog plasma. 1/4 of the highest level could be detected 6 weeks later. It is concluded that the prepared HIV1-based lentiviral vectors can infect 293T cells to express cFVIII effectively. The results provide the basis for further studying HIV-1-based lentiviral vector gene therapy for hemophilia A.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Factor VIII , Genetics , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , HIV-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230318

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to constructe the three-plasmid system of the lentiviral vector carrying the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene and to investigate the expression of GFP in T lymphocytes of the mouse. The polypurine tract (PPT) element, ubiquinone promoter (PUB) and GFP were ligated to plasmid pLO134 using subcloning technology to construct plasmid pTK153. Human kidney 293T cells were co-transfected with the three-plasmid system containing packaging plasmid DeltaNRF, plasmid pTK153 and envelope plasmid VSV-G by using calcium phosphate DNA precipation and the expression of GFP was observed under fluorescence microscope after 12 hours. The viral particles were collected after transfection 72 hours, were frozen at -80 degrees C and were used to infect mouse T lymphocytes at multiplicity of infection (m.o.i.) of 3. The expression of GFP in mouse T lymphocytes was observed by fluorescence microscopy and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). The results showed that the transfection efficacy was 63.04 +/- 7.24% in 293T cells analysed by FACS and the viral titer was (3.09 +/- 0.61) x 10(6) U/ml. The expression of GFP was also evident in mouse T lymphocytes and the transduction efficacy was (37.98 +/- 6.26)%. It is concluded that the three-plasmid system of lentiviral vector containing GFP gene is successfully constructed and the transduction efficacy is high in mouse T lymphocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Lentivirus , Genetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , RNA, Viral , T-Lymphocytes , Metabolism , Transduction, Genetic
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 727-730, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262958

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of Tripterygium hypoglaucum (level) Hutch (THH) on cytokine production in acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD)mice and explore the mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>2 x 10(7) bone marrow cells mixed with 2 x 10(7) spleen cells from the same C57BL/6 mouse were transplanted into the myeloablative irradiated inbred BALB/c mouse to establish a aGVHD model. The experiments were designed as follows: control group (group A), CsA prophylaxis group (group B), THH prophylaxis group (group C), and combined THH with CsA prophylaxis group (group D). aGVHD was assessed by histologic changes of skin, liver and intestines. Chimerism was detected by H-2b molecular expression on recipient mice bone marrow cells with flow cytometer. Serum concentrations of IFN-gamma, IL-4 and IL-10 were determined by ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The serum concentrations of IFN-gamma in group B, C, D were significantly lower than that in group A, while those of IL-10 was significantly higher than that in group A (P < 0.05). There was no changes in concentration of IL-4 in all the groups (P > 0.05). The median survival time for group A was nine days, while that of group B, C, D each was more than 30 days being significantly longer than that of group A (P < 0.05). The recipient mice of group A displayed significant clinical symptoms of GVHD, and died within 20 days; whereas those of group B, C, D showed only ruffled fur and uplift posture. Histologic changes of liver and intestines in group B and C displayed a few lymphocytes infiltration while the histologic morphology of skin, liver and intestines in the survived mice of group D was normal. Allogeneic chimerism rates of group B, C, D at day 30 after allo-BMT were (99.18 +/- 0.58)%, (97.68 +/- 0.59)%, and (99.15 +/- 0.11)%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>THH could regulate the production of cytokines and prevent aGVHD. THH and CsA at low dose combination showed synergic effect in preventing aGVHD.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Graft vs Host Disease , Blood , Interferon-gamma , Blood , Interleukin-10 , Blood , Interleukin-4 , Blood , Lymphocyte Transfusion , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Phytotherapy , Tripterygium , Chemistry
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 530-534, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290932

ABSTRACT

In this study, cardiotonic and cardiotoxic effects of Buthus martensi Karsch (BmK) I, a modulator of voltage-gated sodium channels, were investigated on the isolated rat hearts. The results showed that BmK I evoked complex effects characterized by a change in both cardiac mechanical and electrical activity. Langendorff perfusion showed that: (1) maximal left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP(max)) and dp/dt(max) were markedly increased by BmK I (0.5-10 micromol/L) in a dose-dependent manner (n=6, P<0.05), positive chronotropic effects were also induced by BmK I (n=6, P<0.05); (2) negative inotropic action and bradycardia could be elicited at a larger dose of BmK I (20 micromol/L); (3) the coronary flow varied inversely with the positive inotropic effects, coronary flow reduced during positive inotropic effects from 14.5 to 8.6 ml/min after administration of 500 nmol/L BmK I (n=6, P<0.05). In addition, tachycardia and complex cardiac arrhythmias were induced by BmK I (0.5-10 micromol/L). The modulating of BmK I on the heart mechanical, electrical activity could be partially recovered after washing. As propranolol was applied to block the release of catecholamines before administration of BmK I, suggesting that the changes in cardiac mechanical and electrical activity induced by BmK I might not due to catecholamine release from the nerve terminal and subsequent stimulation of the beta-adrenoceptor but attributable to the modulation of BmK I on cardiac voltage-gated sodium channels.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Animals , Electrophysiology , In Vitro Techniques , Insect Proteins , Male , Myocardial Contraction , Neurotoxins , Pharmacology , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Scorpion Venoms , Pharmacology , Sodium Channel Blockers , Pharmacology , Sodium Channels
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679979

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the current situation and trend of anti-infection drug usage in 11 hospitals of Shanghai during 2003-2005.Methods:Using the cost ranking approach,we analyzed the anti-infection drug usage in 11 major hospitals of Shanghai during 2003-2005.The drug species,consumption,cost,manufacturer,etc,were analyzed by Excel 2000 software. Results:It was found that the cost of anti-infection drugs in the 11 hospitals occupied 22.65% of the total drug expenditure during 2003-2005 and the expenditure decreased at an annual rate of 4.02%.We also found that 80% of the anti-infection drugs were antibiotics.The consumption of?-lactamase inhibitor valued 44.120 5,73.696 7 and 95.163 0 million Yuan in 2003,2004 and 2005,respectively(with a yearly growth of 46.86%),ranking the 3rd in 2003 and the 2nd in both 2004 and 2005.The consumption of cephalosporins ranked the first during 2003-2005.The top 20 anti-infection drugs occupied nearly 80% of the total consumption;the consumption of sulbactam sodium/cefoperazone raised from the 17th in 2003 to the 5th in 2004 and to the first in 2005.Conclusion:The consumption of anti-infection drugs has been restrained;cephalosporins are still the major drugs in clinical practice;and the consumption of sulbactam sodium/cefoperazone is on the rise year by year.

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