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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301039


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study a non-drug therapy for hypertension disease by combining percutaneous laser and electric pulse stimulation to acupoint with music, and to test the efficiency of the combining treatment to grade 1 essential hypertension.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 174 patients with grade 1 essential hypertension were randomly assigned to 3 groups with a random number table after Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome differentiation: the photoelectric and musical treatment group (Group 1, with a self-developed multi-mode audio frequency pulse photoelectric therapeutic apparatus), acupuncture group (Group 2), and oral placebo group (Group 3), 58 cases per group. The curative effect of each group was evaluated by the changes of blood pressure and CM syndrome integral before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with Group 3, there were significant decrease of blood pressure and CM syndrome integral in Group 1 and Group 2 (P<0.01). Compared with Group 2, Group 1 showed the highest decrease in systolic pressure (P<0.017). The total effective rate of anti-hypertension in Group 1 (91.38%, 53/58) was significantly higher than that in Group 2 (74.13%, 43/58) and Group 3 (18.97%, 11/58, P<0.05 or P<0.01); and that in Group 2 was also significantly higher than that in Group 3 (P<0.01). There were significant difference in the total effective rate of CM syndrome integral in both Group 1 (93.10%, 54/58) and Group 2 (84.48%, 49/58) as compared with Group 3 (17.24%, 10/58, P<0.01), while there was no significant difference between Group 1 and Group 2 (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The multi-mode audio frequency pulse photoelectric therapeutic apparatus, combining music, laser and electric pulse stimulation, is clinically useful for grade 1 essential hypertension. This "three in one" therapy method is non-invasive, easy and simple to handle. It is expected to be popularized as a new alternative treatment.</p>

Acupuncture Points , Blood Pressure , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Essential Hypertension , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Therapeutics , Lasers , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Music , Syndrome , Treatment Outcome
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250378


The aim of this study was to develop a less invasive trans-septal approach for the endoscopic management of sphenoid sinus lesions. We performed a septal-assisted surgical procedure for endoscopic sphenoidectomy in 38 patients with isolated or combined sphenoidal sinus lesions, including fungal balls, mucoceles, purulent cystic sphenoidal sinusitis, etc. The posterior portion of the nasal septum became flexible after removal of the vomer and the sphenoidal rostrum. The superior portion of the common meatus was expanded to accommodate the endoscope after the septum was repositioned contra-laterally. The lesions were individually managed through the enlarged ostiums while damage to the mucosa of the front sphenoidal wall was avoided. All the procedures were completed successfully without intraoperative complications, and the bony ostiums were identified easily and enlarged accurately. During the follow-up period of 16 weeks to 2 years, no re-atresia or restenosis was observed. The recurrence rate was 0. No postoperative complications were recorded. All the responses from the patients were satisfactory. It was concluded that endoscopic sphenoidectomy assisted by trans-septal approach is a feasible, safe, effective and minimally invasive approach for selected cases with unilateral or bilateral lesions in the sphenoid sinuses.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Endoscopy , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Paranasal Sinus Diseases , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318499


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore safe, effective, simple and easy non-drug treatments for grade 1 essential hypertension.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to TCM syndrome differentiation, 126 cases of grade 1 essential hypertension were classified into 4 types: liver-fire hyperactivity syndrome, yin-deficiency and yang-hyperactivity syndrome, excessive phlegm-dampness syndrome, yin-yang deficiency syndrome, and then the patients were randomly divided into a photoelectric combined with musical treatment group (group A), an acupuncture group(group B) and a placebo group (group C). The acupoints were selected according to TCM syndrome differentiation in group A and group B, and multi-mode audio frequency pulse photoelectric therapeutic apparatus and acupuncture were used in the two groups respectively, once daily. Taichong (LR 3) and Quchi (LI 11) were selected in liver-fire hyperactivity syndrome, Taixi (KI 3) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) were selected yi yin-deficiency and yang-hyperactivity syndrome, Zusanli (ST 36) and Fenglong (ST 40) were selected in excessive phlegm-dampness syndrome, while Taixi (KI 3) and Guanyuan (CV 4) were selected yi yirryang deficiency syndrome. The group C was treated with oral administration of starch tablet (25 mg), one tablet each time,three times everyday. Ten days were considered as one course, totally three courses were required in the three groups. The blood pressure and scores of TCM syndromes before and after treatment were compared among the three groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The blood pressure decreased significantly after treatment in group A and group B (all P<0.01), and the decrease in systolic blood pressure was more significant in group A (P < 0.05). The total effective rate was 90.5 / (38/42) in group A, which was superior to 71. 4 (30/42, P < 0.05) in group B and 19.1% (18/34, P<0. 01) in group C. The scores of TCM syndromes were both improved in group A and group B, but without significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The clinical effect of multi-mode audio frequency pulse photoelectric therapeutic apparatus for treatment of grade 1 essential hypertension is reliable. Meanwhile, it has the advantages of a non-invasive and simple operation.</p>

Acupuncture Points , Adult , Aged , Blood Pressure , Combined Modality Therapy , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Essential Hypertension , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Therapeutics , Laser Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Music Therapy , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355567


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical efficacy of Baidanhuang lavage fluid nasal irrigation (BLFNI) on postoperative patients with chronic sinusitis with nasal polyps (CRwNP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety postoperative patients with CRwNP were randomly assigned to two groups, the treatment group (60 cases) and the control group (30 cases). After nasal endoscopic surgery, all patients received routine therapies, while the nasal cavity perfusion device was used to irrigate. Patients in the treatment group were treated with BLFNI, while those in the control group were irrigated with physiologic saline with dexamethasone and gentamycin. The physic liquor was maintained in the nasal cavity for 15 min, 14 days as one therapeutic course: once per 3 days in first treatment course; once per 5 days in the second treatment course; once per 7 days in the third treatment course. The irrigation times gradually reduced as time went by. The VAS scoring was performed in four clinical symptoms, such as nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, olfaction disorders, discomforts or pain in the face or head. The Lund-Kenenedy quantification scoring method was used for nasal endoscopy to assess the polyps size, mucous membrane, scar, surface scab, and quality of life (QOL). The SNOT-20 rating scales were filled to investigate the QOL. All the assessments were carried out before surgery, 1.5, 3, and 6 months, respectively. The comprehensive efficacy assessment was conducted 1 year later.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 1-year cure rate was 79.25% in the treatment group and 76.92% in the control group, and the total effective rate was 90.57% in the treatment group and 84.62% in the control group. There was no statistical difference between the two groups (P > 0.05). The nasal cavity cleaning time and the epithelization time was (2.15 +/- 0.13) weeks and (9.17 +/- 1.67) weeks respectively in the treatment group, earlier than those in the control group [(2.65 +/- 0.15) weeks and (10.71 +/- 3.12) weeks, P < 0.05]. At week eight 22 patients in the treatment group ended the lavage due to recovery, while 5 patients in the control group ended the lavage, showing statistical difference (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, better results were obtained in the treatment group in relieving the total VAS score at postoperative 6 weeks and 3 months, in the single score of symptoms at 3 months after operation, the rhinorrhea at postoperative 6 months and 1 year (P < 0.05). The total endoscopic score, and the single score for nasal mucous membrane edema, and nasal secretion at postoperative 1.5 month were lower in the treatment group than in the control group (P < 0.05). The total score of SNOT-20 questionnaire, and the integrals for five major indicators at postoperative 1.5 and 3 months were lower in the treatment group than in the control group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The perioperative application of BLFNI could alleviate postoperative mucosal inflammation, shorten the cavity cleaning time, speed up the process of epithelization, improve the QOL, and elevate the operative efficacy. Its therapeutic roles were more prominent within perioperative 1.5-3 months.</p>

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Chronic Disease , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nasal Lavage , Nasal Polyps , Therapeutics , Postoperative Period , Rhinitis , Therapeutics , Sinusitis , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult