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1.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 110-119, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812801

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To screen lentiviral vectors carrying siRNA which can specifically down-regulate the gene expression of the sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 3 (S1PR3) in the corpus cavernosum smooth muscle (CCSM) cells of rats with spontaneous hypertension (SHT) and investigate the influence of the vectors on the signaling pathways of ROCK1, ROCK2 and eNOS in the CCSM cells of SHT rats.@*METHODS@#Using the S1PR3 mRNA sequence of the rat as an interfering target, we designed and synthesized three pairs of siRNA sequences (siRNA1, 2 and 3) targeting S1PR3 and one pair of negative control, and then constructed and packaged them into lentiviral vectors. We cultured the CCSM cells of SHT and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats in vitro and randomly divided them into groups A (SHT untransfected control), B (SHT transfected and carrying negative control virus), C (SHT transfected and carrying siRNA1 targeting S1PR3), D (SHT transfected and carrying siRNA2 targeting S1PR3), E (SHT transfected and carrying siRNA3 targeting S1PR3), and F (WKY untransfected control). With the multiplicity of infection (MOI) = 60, we transfected the CCSM cells of the SHT rats with the lentiviral vector and then determined the expression of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) as well as the mRNA and protein expressions of S1PR3, ROCK1, ROCK2 and eNOS in the CCSM cells of the SHT and WKY rats by RT-PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Gene sequencing proved the successful construction of the lentiviral vector. The transfection efficiency of the CCSM cells of the rats was >80% in groups B, C, D and E. Compared with group A, the mRNA and protein expressions of S1PR3, ROCK1 and ROCK2 exhibited no significant difference in group B but were remarkably decreased in groups C, D, E and F (P0.05) but remarkably lower than those in group F (P0.05) but markedly increased in groups A, B, C and D (P< 0.05), while those of eNOS remarkably decreased in groups A, B, C, D and E (P< 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The three constructed lentiviral vectors carrying siRNA targeting different loci of the S1PR3 gene could significantly inhibit the expression of S1P3 as well as RhoA/Rho kinase signaling pathways in the CCSM cells of SHT rats, and the vector carrying siRNA3 exhibited the highest inhibitory effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression , Genetic Vectors , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Metabolism , Lentivirus , Genetics , Male , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Metabolism , Penis , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Inbred WKY , Receptors, Lysosphingolipid , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Receptors , Transfection , rho-Associated Kinases , Metabolism
2.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 605-612, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309667

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in erectile dysfunction (ED) induced by androgen deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We randomly divided 30 eight-week-old healthy male SD rats into six groups: 2-week control (A), 4-week control (B), 2-week castration (C), 4-week castration (D), 2-week castration + androgen replacement (E), and 4-week castration + androgen replacement (F), those in groups E and F subcutaneously injected with testosterone propionate (TP) at the physiological dose of 3 mg/kg per day after castration, while those in the other groups with isodose oil instead. At 2 and 4 weeks after operation, we determined the level of serum testosterone (T) , intracavernous pressure (ICP) , mean carotid arterial pressure (MAP) of the rats, measured the concentration of H2S in the plasma and corpus cavernosum tissue, and detected the expressions of cystathionine-P3-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-gamma-lyase (CSE) by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The serum T level was significantly lower in group C ([0.63 +/- 0.15] nmol/L) than in A ( [ 16.55 +/- 4.17] nmol/L) and E ( [ 18.99 +/- 4.62] nmol/L) (P <0.05), as well as in group D ([0.70 +/-0.22] nmol/L) than in B ([15.44 +/-5.18] nmol/L) and F ([20.99 +/-6.41] nmol/L) (P <0. 05) , and so were ICP/MAP after 5 and 7 V electrical stimulation of the pelvic ganglia (P <0. 05) , H2 S concentration (P <0.05), and the expressions of CBS and CSE (P <0.05). The expressions of CBS and CSE proteins were also significantly decreased in group C as compared with D (P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The reduced expressions of CBS and CSE may inhibit the H2 S signaling pathway, which might be one of the mechanisms underlying androgen deficiency-induced ED in rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Androgens , Animals , Cystathionine beta-Synthase , Metabolism , Cystathionine gamma-Lyase , Metabolism , Erectile Dysfunction , Metabolism , Hydrogen Sulfide , Metabolism , Male , Orchiectomy , Penis , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
3.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 11-15, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239016

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of fasudil, an inhibitor of Rho kinase, on the erectile function of hypertensive rats and its action mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty 12-week-old healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into groups A (control), B (hypertension) and C (fasudil treatment). After establishment of the hypertension model, group C received intraperitoneal injection of fasudil at 30 mg/(kg x d), while A and B normal saline only. At 10 weeks after surgery, we measured the corpus cavernosum pressure/mean carotid arterial pressure (ICPmax / MAP), and the expression levels of ROCK1 and ROCK2 proteins in the corpus cavernosum of the rats by Western-blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The systolic blood pressure (mmHg) and the expressions of ROCK1 and ROCK2 proteins were significantly increased in group B (190.39 +/- 5.07, 0.048 +/- 0.002 and 0.143 +/- 0.011) as compared with A (124.81 +/- 4.01, 0.036 +/- 0.001 and 0.101 +/- 0.011) (P<0.05), but markedly decreased in group C (182.03 +/- 4.32, 0.044 +/- 0.001 and 0.126 +/- 0.007) in comparison with B (P<0.05). ICPmax /MAP was significantly lower in group B (36.82 +/- 5.47) than in A (59.99 +/- 5.69) (P<0.05), but remarkably higher in group C (51.1 +/- 5.63) than in B (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Fasudil can improve erectile function in hypertensive rats by inhibiting the expression of RhoA / Rho kinase signaling and its possible attenuating effect on hypertension.</p>


Subject(s)
1-(5-Isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-Methylpiperazine , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Animals , Hypertension , Male , Penile Erection , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vasodilator Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses
4.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 895-900, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241235

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expressions of ryanodine receptor 1 (RyR1) and voltage-gated calcium channel 1.3 (CaV1.3) in the corpus cavernosum smooth muscle of castrated rats and to investigate their role in androgen deficiency-related erectile dysfunction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty 8-week-old SD rats were equally randomized into Groups A (2-week sham-operation), B (4-week sham-operation), C (2-week castration), and D (4-week castration). After surgery, the levels of serum testosterone in different groups of rats were determined, and the expressions of RyR1 and CaV1.3 in the corpus cavernosum were detected by immunohistochemical staining and RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of serum testosterone were significantly decreased in Groups C ([15.97 +/- 5.67] nmol/L) and D ([2.03 +/- 1.57] nmol/L) as compared with A ([90.54 +/- 20.13] nmol/L) and B ([120.35 +/- 30.32] nmol/L) (P < 0.05). RyR1 and CaV1.3 expressed in all the groups. RyR1 mRNA, CaV1.3 mRNA and their proteins were remarkably reduced in Groups C (0.51 +/- 0.24, 0.50 +/- 0.12, 120.36 +/- 25.78, 103.37 +/- 39.52, respectively) and D (0.33 +/- 0.15, 0.32 +/- 0.07, 67.39 +/- 30.54, 67.56 +/- 20.12, respectively) in comparison with A (1.53 +/- 0.25, 1.33 +/- 0.05, 300.96 +/- 135.12, 298.68 +/- 126.35, respectively) and B (1.37 +/- 0.23, 1.25 +/- 0.03, 330.38 +/- 128.59, 327.35 +/- 117.37, respectively) (P < 0.05). The androgen level was positively correlated with the expressions of RyR1 and CaV1.3.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Androgen can regulate erectile function via RyR1 and CaV1.3.</p>


Subject(s)
Androgens , Pharmacology , Animals , Calcium Channels , Metabolism , Male , Muscle, Smooth , Metabolism , Penis , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel , Metabolism
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