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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928064

ABSTRACT

This study explored the anticoagulant material basis and mechanism of Trichosanthis Semen and its shell and kernel based on spectrum-effect relationship-integrated molecular docking. High performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprints of Trichosanthis Semen and its shell and kernel were established. Prothrombin time(PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT) in mice in the low-and high-dose(5, 30 g·kg~(-1), respectively) Trichosanthis Semen, the shell, and kernel groups were determined as the coagulation markers. The spectrum-effect relationship and anticoagulant material basis of Trichosanthis Semen and its shell and kernel were analyzed with mean value calculation method of Deng's correlation degree(MATLAB) and the common effective component cluster was obtained. Then the common targets of the component cluster and coagulation were retrieved from TCMSP, Swiss-TargetPrediction, GenCLiP3, GeneCards, and DAVID, followed by Gene Ontology(GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment of the targets. The main anticoagulant molecular mechanism of the component cluster was verified by SYBYL-X 2.1.1. The spectrum-effect relationship of Trichosanthis Semen and its shell and kernel was in positive correlation with the dosage. The contribution of each component to anticoagulation was not the same, suggesting that the material basis for anticoagulation was different, but they have common effective components(i.e. common material basis), such as adenine(peak 3), uracil(peak 4), hypoxanthine(peak 6), xanthine(peak 9), and adenosine(peak 11). Network pharmacology showed that these components can act on multiple target proteins such as NOS3, KDR, and PTGS2, and exert anticoagulant effect through multiple pathways such as VEGF signaling pathway. They involved the biological functions such as proteolysis, cell component such as cytosol, and molecular functions. The results of molecular docking showed that the binding free energy of these components with NOS3(PDB ID: 1 D0 C), KDR(PDB ID: 5 AMN), and PTGS2(PDB ID: 4 COX) was ≤-5 kJ·mol~(-1), and the docking conformations were stable. Spectrum-effect relationship-integrated molecular docking can be used for the optimization, virtual screening, and verification of complex chemical and biological information of Chinese medicine. Trichosanthis Semen and its shell and kernel have the common material basis for anticoagulation and they exert the anticoagulant through multiple targets and pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anticoagulants/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Gene Ontology , Mice , Molecular Docking Simulation , Semen
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen the effective antioxidant components in Trichosanthes extract based on the mean value of Deng's correlation degree and assess the antioxidant activity of the identified components.@*METHOD@#High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to obtain the fingerprints of Trichosanthes extract, and the clearance rates of DPPH · and O2-· by 3, 9 and 27 mg/mL Trichosanthes extract were determined. The antioxidant spectrum effect of Trichosanthes extract was analyzed by calculating the mean value of Deng's correlation degree to screen the effective antioxidant component group. According to the contents of each known components in the antioxidant effective component group, mixed solutions of the components were prepared and tested for their clearance rates of DPPH · and O2-·.@*RESULTS@#The 36 common peaks in HPLC fingerprints of Trichosanthes extract showed different degrees of correlation with DPPH · and O2-· clearance. The common peaks with a correlation degree greater than the median value included peaks 21, 36, 8, 31, 14, 5, 27, 2, 24, 15, 18, 33, 22, 34, 35, 19, 28 and 25. The 5 components, namely kaempferol (peak 36), isoquercitrin (peak 8), luteolin (peak 31), rutin (peak 5) and apigenin (peak 35), were tentatively identified to constitute the effective antioxidant component group with a mass ratio 3∶2∶2∶ 1∶1 in Trichosanthes extract. The prepared mixed solutions of antioxidant effective component group (6.12, 2.04, and 0.68 μg/mL) showed clearance rates of DPPH · of 65.4%, 64.0% and 61.0%, and clearance rates of O2-· of 12.9%, 9.5% and 8.3%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#We identified the material basis for the antioxidant activity of Trichosanthes and screened the antioxidant effective component group in Trichosanthes extract.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants/pharmacology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Luteolin , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Trichosanthes/chemistry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936297

ABSTRACT

The Chinese Pharmacopoeia began to apply fingerprints (specific chromatogram) to quality control of traditional Chinese medicine in its 2010 edition, and in its 2015 and 2020 editions, new fingerprints (specific chromatogram) were added for improvement of the Pharmacopoeia-based national standards for drugs. This review analyzes the traditional Chinese medicine fingerprints (specific chromatogram) in Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2010-2020) in terms of the number of varieties listed, application of fingerprints (specific chromatogram), selection of evaluation method, determination method, the selection of extraction or preparation solvents of the test samples. With the expansion of the application of fingerprints (specific chromatogram), the evaluation indicators are constantly improving. The future development of the fingerprints (specific chromatogram) is also discussed in light of the selection of appropriate extraction or preparation solvents to obtain effective substances, which is the basis for the establishment of the fingerprints; multiple fingerprints for one drug based on different functional indications or basic sources, which expands the application of the fingerprints; addition of technical guidelines for traditional Chinese medicine fingerprints to standardize the use of the fingerprints; and the regular revision, update and application expansion of the fingerprints to ensure its essential role in quality control of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Solvents
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1409-1415, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887074

ABSTRACT

Compound houttuynia mixture belongs to OTC class A medicine, which is made from Houttuynia cordata, Scutellaria baicalensis, Radix Isatidis, Forsythia, and Lonicera. As a kind of compound preparation of traditional Chinese medicine, houttuynia cordata mixture has extensive pharmacological effects, for example, clearing away heat and detoxifying, thus it is used for the sore throat, acute pharyngitis, and tonsillitis with wind-heat syndrome. In this study, the antiviral activity against influenza viruses and the primary mechanism of compound houttuynia mixture was evaluated. The antiviral effect of compound houttuynia mixture was determined by cytopathic effects (CPE), Western blot, quantitive reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR), and virus titer assays. The effect of houttuynia mixture on the replication cycle of influenza virus was evaluated by time-of-addition assay. In conclusion, the results showed that the compound houttuynia mixture had a broad-spectrum effect against influenza virus, including the international common influenza virus strains, the drug-resistant strains and the highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses H5N1 and H7N9. It mainly impairs the early stage of the viral replication.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1400-1408, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887072

ABSTRACT

Qing-Fei-Pai-Du decoction (QFPDD) is a combination of traditional Chinese medicine and plays an important role in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study investigated the inhibitory effect of QFPDD on coronavirus replication and antiviral mechanism. The cytotoxicity of QFPDD was determined by PrestoBlue cell viability assay. Quantitive reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunofluorescence assay (IF) were used to detect the inhibitory effects of QFPDD on coronavirus at RNA and protein levels. qRT-PCR was used to detect the adsorption and penetration of coronavirus after QFPDD treatment. The effects of QFPDD on interferon (IFN) and interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) were also detected by qRT-PCR. The results showed that QFPDD inhibited coronavirus at RNA and protein levels in a dose-dependent manner at non-toxic concentration, and QFPDD targeted in the early stages of coronavirus infection cycle. Preliminary mechanism studies have shown that QFPDD can directly block the virus entry into the cell by inhibiting virus adsorption, and QFPDD can also play an antiviral role by up-regulating the expression of IFN and ISGs. These results indicate QFPDD as a drug potential to treat coronavirus infection.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on tendon adhesion in late period after hand tendon repair. Methods:From July, 2017 to December, 2018, 40 patients with tendon adhesion after hand tendon repair more than three months were collected. They were randomly divided into control group (n = 20) and experimental group (n = 20). Two groups received routine therapy, and the experimental group added extracorporeal shock wave therapy. Before and two months after treatment, the total active movement (TAM) of the fingers and the grip strength were messured. Results:There was no significant difference in TAM of the fingers and the grip strength before treatment (P > 0.05). After treatment, TAM of the fingers and the grip strength significantly increased (|t| > 10.284,P < 0.001), and were higher in the experimental group than in the control group (t > 0.386,P < 0.001). Conclusion:Extracorporeal shock wave therapy could facilitate to improve the tendon slippage and hand function in patients with tendon adhesion after hand tendon repair.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1234-1240, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780210

ABSTRACT

Network pharmacology and rat ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) model was used to analyze the mechanism of cardiac protection by Trichosanthes. The animal experiments were approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Wannan Medical College. Compounds were screened by TCMSP database and TCM Database@ Taiwan according to oral bioavailability (OB > 30%) and drug like activity (DL > 0.18). The PDBID value of the compound (Z'-score < 0.5) was obtained in DRAR-CPI database and converted into a target protein by UniProt database. Human genes of target proteins were identified using the term " myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury" as the keyword through the CoolGeN database. GOTERM_BP _ DIRECT enrichment analysis of target proteins related to MIRI and KEGG PATHWAY annotation analysis were performed using the DAVID database. The component-target protein-signal pathway network was constructed using Giphi0.9.2 software. The expression of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway-related proteins in MIRI rats pretreated with Trichosanthes (0.2, 1.0 and 2.0 g·kg-1) was analyzed by Western blot with compound Danshen (85.05 mg·kg-1) as a positive control. Network pharmacology found that 12 compounds, including schottenol in Trichosanthes, synergistically inhibit MIRI through multiple targets or biological pathways, involving target proteins such as extracellular regulated protein kinase 2 (ERK2), c-jun-N-terminal kinase-1 (JNK1) and p38MAPK in MAPK signaling pathways. Western blot results showed that phosphorylation of ERK1/2 was dose-dependently up-regulated in MIRI rats pretreated with Trichosanthes, while the level of p38MAPK or JNK1 phosphorylation was down-regulated in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with the control group, phosphorylation of ERK1/2, JNK1 and p38MAPK protein showed significant difference in medium and high dose groups (1.0 and 2.0 g·kg-1) (P<0.01). Therefore, Trichosanthes could play an anti-MIRI role by regulating phosphorylation of ERK1/2, JNK1 and p38MAPK proteins in rats. In conclusion, the targets and pathways of Trichosanthes on anti-MIRI were revealed by network pharmacology and verified in rat MIRI model, providing the scientific basis for further study on the mechanism of Trichosanthes for cardiac protection.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 502-509, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780131

ABSTRACT

To screen the antithrombotic effective components group of Trichosanthes extract, and to verify its pharmacodynamics and analyze its mechanism, the HPLC fingerprint of Trichosanthes extract (0.09, 0.45, 0.9 g·kg-1) was established, and the pharmacodynamic indexes of antithrombosis in rats with aspirin (0.01 g·kg-1) as positive control group were determined (the animals used in this experiment were approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Wannan Medical College). The antithrombotic spectrum-activity relationship of Trichosanthes extract was studied and the effective antithrombotic ingredients group was screened by grey relational analysis. The monomer compound mixed solution (0.006, 0.03, 0.06 g·kg-1) was prepared according to the content of each component in the active component group, and the pharmacodynamics and action mechanism were studied to verify the correctness of the spectrum-effect relationship. The correlation between the 22 components of Trichosanthes extract and antithrombotic efficacy was different and showed dose-effect relationship. Cytosine, uracil, guanine, hypoxanthine, xanthine, adenine, guanosine, and adenosine are the main antithrombotic components of Trichosanthes extract. The ratio of cytosine, uracil, guanine, hypoxanthine, xanthine, adenine, guanosine and adenosine was 3∶12∶10∶5∶2∶8∶13∶14. Compared with the model group, the thrombus dry weight of each effective components group could be effectively reduced (P<0.01 or P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between each effective components group and the Trichosanthes extract group. Compared with the model group, the TXB2 content in group (0.06 g·kg-1, 0.03 g·kg-1) could be effectively reduced (P<0.01 or P<0.05), and the content of 6-keto-PGF1α could be increased in each group (P<0.01), and the TXB2/6-keto-PGF1α tended to be normal and showed a dose-effect relationship. The effect was better than that in the Trichosanthes extract group (0.45 g·kg-1) (P<0.01). The effective ingredients group has a good antithrombotic effect, its mechanism is to inhibit platelet aggregation and improve vascular endothelial function.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774509

ABSTRACT

To explore the anti-platelet aggregation and anti-thrombotic mechanisms of Trichosanthis Fructus combined with aspirin based on network pharmacology and the validation of arteriovenous by pass model in rats. The databases of Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP),Drug Repositioning and Adverse Drug Reaction Chemical-Protein Interactome(DRAR-CPI),Universal Protein Resource(Uniprot) and the Database for Annotation,Visualization,and Integrated Discovery(DAVID) were used to predict protein targets and analyze biological pathway and signal pathway in the combination of Trichosanthis Fructus with aspirin. The effects of pretreatment with Trichosanthis Fructus pellets,aspirin pellets and their combination on thromboxane B2(TXB2),6-keto prostaglandin F1α(6-keto-PGF1α) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate(c AMP) in rat thrombotic model were studied. Through the study of network pharmacology,12 components of aspirin and Trichosanthis Fructus,including hydroxygenkwanin,quercetin and adenosine,were found to show the anti-platelet aggregation and anti-thrombosis mechanisms through9 common protein targets,such as SRC,RAC1,MAPK14,MAPK1,AKT1,and 14 common signaling pathways,such as VEGF signaling pathway. After the intervention with Trichosanthis Fructus pellets combined with aspirin pellets,the vascular endothslia growth factor(VEGF) signaling pathway can be activated to inhibit platelet aggregation and improve vascular endothelial function,and show the anti-platelet aggregation and anti-thrombosis mechanisms,which verify the results of the network pharmacology,and explain the anti-platelet aggregation and anti-thrombotic mechanisms of the combination of Trichosanthis Fructus pellets with aspirin pellets.


Subject(s)
6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha , Metabolism , Animals , Aspirin , Pharmacology , Cyclic AMP , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Fruit , Chemistry , Platelet Aggregation , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Rats , Signal Transduction , Thrombosis , Drug Therapy , Thromboxane B2 , Metabolism , Trichosanthes , Chemistry
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690701

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of different data standardization methods on the spectrum-effect relationship for anticoagulant effect of Trichosanthis Fructus dropping pills. The spectrum-effect relationship was studied by using grey correlation degree method between three doses of Trichosanthis Fructus dropping pills and prothrombintime (PT) in mice. The effect of 10 data standardization methods, namely minimization method, maximum method, data extreme difference method, standard deviation standardization method, initialization transformation method, mean transformation method, ratio of each chromatographic peak area to the total peak area, ratio of each chromatographic peak area to the common peak area, logarithmic standardization method and tangent normalization method on the spectrum-effect relationship between Trichosanthis Fructus dropping pills and PT in mice was evaluated by using relative correlation degree as the index. The results of spectrum-effect relationship can be expressed by the minimization method, the data extreme difference method, the standard deviation standardization method, the initialization method and the mean transformation method, with highest relative correlation degree by the mean transformation method. As compared with the mean transformation method, there were significant differences between the high dose group and the medium dose group in the minimization method and the data extreme difference method (<0.01), while the minimization method in the low dose group showed statistical significance (<0.05). The standard deviation standardization method, initialization method and the mean transformation method can be used to study the spectrum-effect relationship for the anticoagulation of Trichosanthis Fructus dropping pills.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690687

ABSTRACT

Over the past 30 years, the chromatographic fingerprint technology of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been developed from academic discussion to application for the research and development of TCM which has promoted the technological innovation of Chinese medicine industry and the progress of quality standard of TCM. The similarity evaluation method of chromatographic fingerprint of TCM has played a key role in this process. According to the number of literature and research tendency in terms of the chromatographic fingerprint in the last 30 years, the chromatographic fingerprint evaluation could be divided into three stages: the direct comparison stage (1988-1999), similarity evaluation stage (2000-2009) and the similarity evaluation development stage (2010-2017). In this paper, the research progress of chromatographic fingerprints similarity evaluation of TCM in the last 30 years and its prospect were discussed, which may lead to a more mature stage for this method.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845350

ABSTRACT

Objective: To predict the action targets and signaling pathways of triterpenes and their glycosides in Fructus Trichosanthis,and build the triterpenes and their glycosides-targets-signaling pathways network diagram. Mehtods: The targets of ac- tive ingredients were predicted by using DRAR-CPI database for 19 classes of known triterpenes and their glycosides in Fructus Tricho- santhis,such as 3,29-dibenzoyl rarounitrol,etc. The information of targets was annotated with the DAVID biomolecular function soft- ware,and a triterpenes and their glycosides-targets-signaling pathways network diagram was built through Gephi software. Results: The network analysis indicated that the triterpenes and their glycosides in Fructus Trichosanthis involved 31 targets,including IL10, TXNRD1 and RGS1,46 biological processes and 23 signaling pathways. Conclusion: The triterpenes and their glycosides in Fructus Trichosanthis may exert their effect via acting on multi-targets and multi-pathways,and the present results provide a theoretical basis for in-depth interpretation of the pharmacological effects and related mechanisms of triterpenes and their glycosides in Fructus Tricho- santhis.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1406-1413, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780014

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to explore the anti heart failure mechanisms of the compatibility of Gualou with Xiebai based on network pharmacology in rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Using the databases of Traditional Chinese Medicine Database@Taiwan (TCM Database@Taiwan), Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), Drug Repositioning and Adverse Drug Reaction Chemical-Protein Interactome (DRAR-CPI) and Universal Protein Resource (Uniprot) to screen compounds and predict the target of active components, the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) database, we predicted the biological pathway and signal pathway in the compatibility of Gualou with Xiebai. The effects of Gualou Xiebai dropping pills on the apoptosis of myocardial cells and the expression of protein kinase B (Akt), p-Akt and cysteine aspartate-specific proteinase (caspase-3) protein were examined in the related signal pathway phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) of myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury in rats. Twenty two compounds, such as 10 α-cucurbita-5,24-diene-3β-ol and macrostemonoside were found to protect rats from heart failure through multiple targets, multiple biological pathways and multiple pathways, involving biological pathways such as hormone stimulation reaction, phosphorylation, apoptosis regulation, and signaling pathways such as insulin, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), cell apoptosis and so on. After the intervention of Gualou Xiebai dropping pills, the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway was activated to promote the phosphorylation of Akt protein, reduce the expression of caspase-3 protein, inhibit apoptosis and protect the myocardium. The data verify the results of the network pharmacology, and explain the mechanisms of anti-heart failure activity of combination of Gualou with Xiebai.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776418

ABSTRACT

To investigate the spectrum-activity relationship of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces for rat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. HPLC fingerprints of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces were established, and the values of creatinekinase-MB (CK-MB), myoglobin (MYO) and cardiac troponin-T (cTNT) in 3 dose groups (2.25, 13.5, 27.0 g·kg⁻¹, equivalent to the crude herb g·kg⁻¹) of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats were measured, and the grey relational analysis was used to study the spectrum-activity relationship of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces for rat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. With the dosage increase from 2.25 g·kg⁻¹ to 27.0 g·kg⁻¹, the correlation degree of spectrum-activity relationship of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces was also enhanced, but the change trend was different between these two groups. According to the frequency of the top 10 peaks in the correlation degree, peak 17, 14, 16, 19, 32, 12, 26, 30, 4, 6 and 2 were the basic effective substances group of Trichosanthis Fructus, peak 6,14,12,32,30,4 and 6 were the basic effective substances group of Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces. Peak 6, 14, 12, 32, 30, 4 and 26 in fingerprints of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces were the main common pharmacodynamic substance base, among them, peak 6 was 5-hydroxymethyl furfural, peak 14 was vanillic acid and the peak 28 was rutin, but the correlation degree with the efficacy was different. The effect of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces on rat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury was due to the synergistic effect of the effective substance groups related to the dosage. The essential pharmacodynamic substance groups of Trichosanthis Fructus and Trichosanthis Fructus strip pieces were different, but they shared a common active ingredient group.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Creatine Kinase, MB Form , Blood , Cucurbitaceae , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Fruit , Chemistry , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Myoglobin , Blood , Rats , Troponin T , Blood
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693349

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes in the chemical components in Fructus Trichosanthes before and after the pro?cessing of steaming,so as to explore the material basis of the pharmacodynamic changes between Trichosanthes and steamed Tricho-santhes.Methods The peaks matching data of Fructus Trichosanthes and steamed Fructus Trichosanthes were obtained by using the similarity evaluation system for chromatographic fingerprints of traditional Chinese materia medica.The principal component analysis (PCA)model and the partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA)model for the analysis of the Fructus Trichosanthes and steamed Fructus Trichosanthes data were established using the SIMCA-P 11 statistical software for PCA and PLS-DA,from which the score chart,load chart and Variable Importance(VIP)value were obtained,so as to identify the main different components in Fructus Trichosanthes and steamed Fructus Trichosanthes.Results The PCA(R2X=0.96,Q2=0.552)model and PLS-DA(R2Y=0.917,Q2=0.579)model were established,and 8 chromatographic peaks with significant difference in peak area were selected.Among them,two of the chromatographic peaks were assigned to be 5-hydroxy methyl furfural and vanilla acid,and 5-hydroxy methyl furfural had the largest VIP value.In addition,an unknown component was also found in the steamed Fructus Trichosanthes,which was generated in the process of steaming and needed to be identified in future studies.Conclusion The content of some chemical components in Fruc?tus Trichosanthes were changed after the process of steaming,and the processing of steaming also caused the formation of an unknown chemical component.5-Hydroxy methyl furfural and vanillic acid seem to be a likely choice for exploring the material basis of the phar?macodynamic changes in Fructus Trichosanthes after the processing of steaming.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693334

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the change in infrared(IR)spectral information and to screen out the classification of major compounds affecting information difference in IR spectra of Trichosanthes before and after steaming. Methods The similarity between the original IR fingerprint and the first derivative IR fingerprint of Trichosanthes and their steamed products was calculated by using the Computer Aided Similarity Evaluation System. The principal component analysis(PCA)model and the partial least squares dis-criminant analysis(PLS-DA)model of IR spectral data of Trichosanthes before and after steaming were established by using SIMCA-P 11 statistical software for PCA and PLS-DA,and the classification of major compounds affecting information difference in IR spectra of Trichosanthes before and after steaming was selected by 3D scatter plot,load 3D scatter plot and variable important in project(VIP) value. Results The similarity between the original IR fingerprint and first derivative IR fingerprint of Trichosanthes and their steamed products were 0.9165 and 0.2832. Seven VIP>1 spectral peaks were screened out by using SIMCA-P 11 statistical software,of which,the absorption peak of 1456 cm-1 was νc=c,the absorption peak of 1726 cm-1 was νc=o and the VIP values were 1.6290 and 1.4256 respectively. Conclusion The categories of compounds of Trichosanthes before and after steaming did not change,but the chemical components changed. Compounds of Trichosanthes before and after steaming affect the difference in IR spectral information may mainly contain C=C-C=C or C=O or both of them.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 924-926, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269234

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application of the multiple tumor markers' s protein chip (C12 chip) in the screen program of the elderly. Methods The C12 chip included alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) , neuron-specific enolase (NSE) , prostate special antigen (PSA) , frce-PSA(f-PSA), carcinoembryonic antigen ( CEA ), carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA 125 ), carbohydrate antigen 153 (CA153) , carbohydrate antigen 199 (CA199) , carbohydrate antigen 242 (CA242) , human chorionic gonagotropin-bcta ( β-HCG), human growth hormone (HGH) and fcrritin. The sera of the 399 healthy elderly under the screening program and 1791 adults were detected by the C12 chip.Definition of positive was set as: one or more tumor markers higher than or equal to the reference value. Results The positive rates of AFP, PSA, f-PSA, CEA, CA125, CA153 and CA199 between the elderly group and the adult group were significantly different (P<0.05). The normal test value of AFP, PSA, f-PSA, CEA, CA 125, CA 199, CA242 and ferritin between the elderly group and the adult group were significantly different (P< 0.05 ). Conclusion AFP, PSA, f-PSA, CEA, CA 125, CA 153and CA199 of the C12 chip were useful in the screening program of the elderly to discover the sign of tumor at an early stage.

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