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1.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 957-963, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005956

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the effects of preoperative lipid metabolism level on the postoperative prognosis of non-muscular invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). 【Methods】 Clinical data of NMIBC patients who underwent surgical treatment in our hospital during Mar.2014 and May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the optimal cutoff values of all lipid metabolism indicators were determined and patients were classified accordingly. The independent risk factors for postoperative recurrence were identified with Cox regression model. The survival was analyzed with Kaplan-Meier, and recurrence-free survival (RFS) was compared using log-rank tests. A recurrence risk prediction model was established based on the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and other clinic pathological factors and the accuracy of prediction was evaluated with the area under the ROC curve (AUC). 【Results】 Cox multivariate analysis showed HDL, tumor number, tumor size and histological grade were independent risk factors for recurrence (P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that RFS was significantly longer in the high-HDL group than in the low-HDL group (P<0.001). Incorporating HDL, tumor number, tumor size, histological grade, and tumor stage into the recurrence risk model, the AUC was 0.706, and internal cross validation showed the AUC was 0.711. 【Conclusion】 Preoperative HDL is an independent risk factor affecting the RFS of patients with NMIBC, and combining it with clinic pathological factors will improve the prediction of tumor recurrence.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1037-1043, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802875

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the clinical effects of surgery within and over 48 hours for hip fractures in elderly patients.@*Methods@#From May 2017 to April 2018, 47 patients over 75 years old with hip fracture were operated in our hospital and met with inclusion criteria. The patients were divided into two groups: within 48-hour group and over 48-hour group according to study design. In the within 48-hour group, there were 22 patients including 5 males and 17 females, aged from 76 to 97 years, with an average age of 83.6±5.0 years, and there were 10 femoral neck fractures (3 total hip arthroplasty, 7 hemiarthroplasty) and 12 femoral intertrochanteric fractures (proximal femoral intramedullary nail fixation). There were 25 patients (7 males and 18 females) in the over 48-hour group, aged from 76 to 98 years, with an average age of 83.8±5.8 years, and there were 10 femoral neck fractures (2 total hip arthroplasty, 8 hemiarthroplasty) and 15 femoral intertrochanteric fractures (proximal femoral intramedullary nail fixation). At the end of the follow-up period, the clinical data of the two groups were compared. The differences in the length of stay, cost of stay (excluding implants), postoperative complications within 1 month, hip function score (Harris score) within 1 month and 3 months, and mortality within 3 months and at the end of follow-up were analyzed.@*Results@#Both groups were followed up for 12 to 24 months, with an average of 17.7 months. The hospitalization time (7.9±3.0 d), hospitalization expenses (16 627.5±6 428.8 yuan), the incidence of early complications after operation (59.1%) and Harris score (80.9±8.6) in the within 48-hour group were significantly better than those in the over 48-hour group (12.3±4.1 d, 23 799.0±9 785.3 yuan, 88.0%, 71.1±9.2, respectively). At 3 months after operation, there was no significant difference in Harris score between the two groups (83.9±7.3 in within 48-hour group and 82.3±8.9 in over 48-hour group; t=0.668, P=0.507). Within 3 months, there was no death inwithin 48-hour group, but 2 in over 48-hour group; and 1 in within 48-hour group at the last follow-up.@*Conclusion@#Elderly patients with hip fracture benefit significantly from surgery within 48 hours after admission.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 402-406, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756268

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of population and the changes of disease spectrum in patients treated by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ( ERCP ) . Methods Data of 20170 patients, who underwent ERCP in the First People' s Hospital of Hangzhou from May 2004 to February 2018, were enrolled in the retrospective analysis. According to the year of diagnosis and treatment,patients were divided into 2004-2008, 2009-2013, and 2014-2018 group; according to the postoperative diagnosis of ERCP, they were divided into biliary tract diseases ( including calculus, benign stenosis, malignant stenosis, and other causes ) and pancreatic diseases ( including acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic malignant tumor, and other causes ) group; and according to the age, they were divided into the younger age (0-18 years old), young and middle age (19-65 years old), old age (66-85 years old), and advanced age (>85 years old) group. Statistical analysis was performed in the different groups. Results Among the 20170 patients, there were 10260 males and 9910 females, with age of 62. 65± 17. 11 years. The proportion of the younger age group and the advanced age group was 1. 04%( 24/2308 ) , 1. 69% ( 127/7520 ) , 2. 39% ( 247/10342 ) , and 2. 95% ( 68/2308 ) , 4. 19%( 315/7520 ) , 6. 15% ( 636/10342 ) , respectively, in the 2004-2008, 2009-2013 and 2014-2018 subgroups, with a rising trend (P<0. 017). A total 20032 patients had a clear postoperative diagnosis, including 15618 ( 77. 97%) of biliary diseases and 4414 ( 22. 03%) of pancreatic diseases. Biliary stones accounted for the majority of biliary diseases (63. 2%, 9863/15618), and its proportion increased from 59. 9% ( 1191/1987 ) in 2004-2008 to 64. 5% ( 5118/7939 ) in 2014-2018 ( P= 0. 000 ) . Acute pancreatitis accounted for the majority of pancreatic diseases (67. 4%, 1973/4414), and its proportion increased from 52. 4% ( 162/309) in 2004-2008 to 69. 9% ( 1636/2340) in 2014-2018 ( P=0. 000) . The top 3 diseases in the younger group and the advanced age group were acute pancreatitis ( 32. 58%, 129/396) , biliary stones ( 25. 25%, 100/396 ) , chronic pancreatitis ( 22. 22%, 88/396 ) , and biliary stones (56. 46%, 568/1006), malignant biliary stenosis (12. 52%, 126/1006), benign biliary stricture ( 10. 34%, 104/1006) , respectively. Conclusion The main disease of patients receiving ERCP is biliary stone, and the proportion of acute pancreatitis is increased. The overall age of the patients is old, and the proportion of the elderly and underaged patients is gradually increasing. Biliary diseases and pancreatic diseases are the main diseases in elderly patients and younger patients, respectively.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1037-1043, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755250

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effects of surgery within and over 48 hours for hip fractures in elderly pa?tients. Methods From May 2017 to April 2018, 47 patients over 75 years old with hip fracture were operated in our hospital and met with inclusion criteria. The patients were divided into two groups: within 48?hour group and over 48?hour group according to study design. In the within 48?hour group, there were 22 patients including 5 males and 17 females, aged from 76 to 97 years, with an average age of 83.6±5.0 years, and there were 10 femoral neck fractures (3 total hip arthroplasty, 7 hemiarthroplasty) and 12 femoral intertrochanteric fractures (proximal femoral intramedullary nail fixation). There were 25 patients (7 males and 18 females) in the over 48?hour group, aged from 76 to 98 years, with an average age of 83.8±5.8 years, and there were 10 femoral neck frac?tures (2 total hip arthroplasty, 8 hemiarthroplasty) and 15 femoral intertrochanteric fractures (proximal femoral intramedullary nail fixation). At the end of the follow?up period, the clinical data of the two groups were compared. The differences in the length of stay, cost of stay (excluding implants), postoperative complications within 1 month, hip function score (Harris score) within 1 month and 3 months, and mortality within 3 months and at the end of follow?up were analyzed. Results Both groups were fol?lowed up for 12 to 24 months, with an average of 17.7 months. The hospitalization time (7.9±3.0 d), hospitalization expenses (16 627.5± 6 428.8 yuan), the incidence of early complications after operation (59.1% ) and Harris score (80.9 ± 8.6) in the within 48?hour group were significantly better than those in the over 48?hour group (12.3±4.1 d, 23 799.0±9 785.3 yuan, 88.0%, 71.1±9.2, respec?tively). At 3 months after operation, there was no significant difference in Harris score between the two groups (83.9±7.3 in within 48?hour group and 82.3±8.9 in over 48?hour group; t=0.668, P=0.507). Within 3 months, there was no death inwithin 48?hour group, but 2 in over 48?hour group; and 1 in within 48?hour group at the last follow?up. Conclusion Elderly patients with hip fracture benefit significantly from surgery within 48 hours after admission.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 418-422, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611470

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the efficacy and safety of endobiliary radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with stent placement in treatment of unresectable extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (EHCC).Methods The patients with unresectable EHCC in Hangzhou First People's Hospital between October 2013 and January 2015 were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, single-blind cohort study, and were assigned randomly into two groups: RFA+stent group and stent-only group.The jaundice fade time, stent patency period, overall survival rate, and postoperative adverse events were analyzed between two groups.Results Among 59 patients with non-resectable EHCC, 28 were divided into RFA+stent group, and 31 were in stent-only group.There was no statistical difference in preoperative serum total bilirubin between the two groups.Mean serum bilirubin decrease time was significantly lower in the RFA+stent group than that in the stent-only group[17.9 d(7-22 d) VS 29.9 d(10-55 d),P=0.03].The biliary patency period in RFA+stent group was significantly longer than that of stent-only group (8.9 months VS 4.5 months, P=0.02).The mean survival time in RFA+stent group was significantly longer than that of stent-only group[13.3 months(6.2-16.5 months) VS 8.6 months(4.5-11.7 months), P=0.000).Incidence of postoperative adverse events showed no statistical difference between the two groups(P=0.727).Conclusion RFA with stent placement is effective and safe as a palliative measure in the treatment of non-resectable EHCC, and it can significantly shorten the jaundice fade time, prolong the biliary patency period and overall survival, while without increase of the incidence of adverse events.

6.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3821-3823, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503766

ABSTRACT

Objective To predict the potential targets of apigenin by virtual screening .Methods The targets preliminarily forecast by PharmMapper ,were validated by associating data mining and Autodock Vina in PyRx 0 .8 .Subsequently ,receptor‐ligand interactions were analyzed by Discovery Studio 3 .5 .Results The virtual screening by PharmMapper indicated that apigenin coupled well with the disease‐related targets including insulin receptor ,estradiol 17‐beta‐dehydrogenase 1 ,and cathepsin K .According to the data mining ,insulin receptor was found in related experimental researches ,while the other two had few reports previously .And then ,the interactions between apigenin and the target proteins were analyzed by Autodock Vina and Discovery Studio Visualizer 3 .5 ,involving hydrogen bonds ,electrostatic forces ,van der Waals forces etc .Conclusion The most potential targets of apigenin were insulin receptor ,while 17‐beta‐dehydrogenase 1 and cathepsin K were also possible .

7.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2016; 26 (12): 975-979
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-183363

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the applications and effects of electromagnetic navigation [EN] technology in distal locking for the treatment of long diaphyseal fracture [LDF] with interlocking intramedullary nailing [IIN]


Study Design: An interventional study


Place and Duration of Study: The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, China, from March 2013 to July 2014


Methodology: Patients who underwent IIN-LDF were selected. Twenty-four [50%] of whom were operated under EN guidance [group A] and the other 24 [50%] under conventional targeting guidance [group B]. The distal locking time and X-ray irradiation time of the two groups were compared


Results: Each group included 16 [33.3%] cases of femoral fracture and 8 [16.7%] cases of tibial fracture. The success rate of distal locking in group A was higher than that in group B [95.8% vs. 83.3%, p=0.045]. There were statistically significant differences in the distal locking time and X-ray irradiation time of femoral intramedullary nailing between the two groups [p=0.027 and p=0.001, respectively]. There were no statistically significant differences in the distal locking time and X-ray irradiation time of tibial intramedullary nailing between the two groups [p=0.347 and p=0.056, respectively]


Conclusion: EN-IN was advantageous as it enabled easy targeting, significantly reduced intraoperative fluoroscopy and operation time and small trauma and had other advantages when used for treating LDFs, especially femoral diaphyseal fractures

8.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 182-185, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467350

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relationship between baseline serum γ?glutamyltransferase (GGT) and risk of the metabolic syndrome (MS). Method A total of 4 935 adults from health checkup population in Shenzhen were enrolled into a 10?year follow?up study, of these adults 81.84%were male and 18.16% were female, the average age was 60.54 ± 10.38 years.The follow?up outcome measure was the occurrence of MS. The proportional hazards model was adopted to calculate the hazard ratios (HR) and 95%confidence intervals (95%CI) to analyze the association of GGT with the development of MS. Reslut The mean follow up period was 5.0 ± 2.9 years, and there were 24 713 person?years of follow?up, and 1 689 subjects developed MS. During the follow?up, the cumulative incidence and incidence density of MS were 34.22%and 68.34/1 000 person?years, respectively. For both genders, the association between GGT and MS presented dose?response relationship trend (male: M?C χ2=32.78, P<0.001; female: M?C χ2=18.80, P<0.001). After adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, high?density lipoprotein cholesterol, low?density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, uric acid and fasting blood glucose in Cox regression model, the HR for MS in quartiles 3 and 4 level of GGT was 1.45 (95%CI:1.08-1.85) and 1.52 (95%CI:1.15-1.99), respectively. Conclusion The GGT level could be an important risk factor and predictor for the development of MS.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 815-816, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456674

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the economic development and social inclusion of persons with disabilities. Methods The international conception of rehabilitation was applied as the tools. Results Many persons with disabilities are in marginal status, and their social develop-ment are limited. Conclusion Several recommendations had been made for empowerment of persons with disabilities through social protec-tion and empowerment through poverty reduction, as well as an enabling legal and policy framework.

10.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1477-1483, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444075

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the paracrine effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells on osteoblast biological function. METHODS:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were isolated using standard Ficol-Paquedensity gradient centrifugation. Mesenchymal stem cellconditioned medium was prepared to cultivate osteoblasts, MG63. Proliferation of MG63 cells was analyzed by cellcounting kit-8. Migration of MG63 cells was analyzed by cellscratch method. Alkaline phosphatase activity of MG63 cells was analyzed by microplate test kit. Real-time PCR was performed to evaluate osteoblast differentiation markers, alkaline phosphatase, col agen type I and osteocalcin. Alizarin red staining was performed to evaluate osteoblast mineralization. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The cells were strongly positive for CD44, CD73 and CD90, but negative for CD34. MG63 cells cultured in the conditioned medium showed better proliferation and migration than those cultured in the Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium. The activity and mRNA expression of alkaline phosphatase were much higher after induction of 4, 7 days (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in expression of col agen type I and osteocalcin after induction of 4 days, but they were significantly higher than those in the control group after induction of 7 days (P<0.05). Alizarin red staining showed that the number of calcium nodules was increased and the mineral apposition was enhanced after induction of 21 days with the conditioned medium. These findings suggest that the paracrine substance of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells can significantly promote osteoblast proliferation, migration, differentiation and mineralization.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 821-824, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253252

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Recurarization has previously been described in the context of acute normovolemic hemodilution. The aim of this study was to investigate the impairment of recovery of neuromuscular function after re-transfusion of intraoperative salvaged blood in patients treated with rocuronium.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We enrolled 50 patients undergoing general anesthesia for lumbar surgery. Intraoperative blood salvage (IBS) was used in 30 patients (group I); the remaining 20 comprised a control group (group C). Anesthesia was induced with fentanyl, midazolam, propofol and rocuronium. Rocuronium was infused to maintain neuromuscular blockade during surgery. Blood was collected from the operative field and re-transfused in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Neuromuscular function was monitored using the train-of-four ratio (TOFr). Once the train-of-four ratio exceeded 90 in the PACU, neuromuscular function was evaluated every 5 minutes for 30 minutes. The TOFr and incremental recovery of TOFr from baseline were recorded. Salvaged blood was re-transfused at the beginning of the evaluation for patients in group I, and afterwards for patients in group C. Blood gas analysis was assessed before anesthesia and in the PACU.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Incremental recovery of TOFr from baseline was significantly less in group I than controls at 25 minutes (6.1 ± 3.2 vs. 9.1 ± 3.2, respectively; P = 0.001) and 30 minutes (7.1 ± 3.2 vs. 10.0 ± 2.2, respectively; P = 0.001). There were no significant differences in gas exchange between the groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In patients who had received a rocuronium infusion during anesthesia, re-transfusion of salvaged blood significantly impaired recovery of neuromuscular function recovery in the PACU, but without significant impairment of respiratory function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Androstanols , Therapeutic Uses , Anesthesia, General , Methods , Blood Gas Analysis , Muscle, Skeletal , Neuromuscular Blocking Agents , Therapeutic Uses
12.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 328-330, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436329

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate effect of local application of dexmedetomidine on the medium effective concentration (EC50) of ropivacaine for brachial plexus block and the mechanism of the analgesic effect induced by dexmedetomidine.Methods Fifty-two ASA Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients of both sexes,aged 18-50 yr,weighing 50-80 kg,scheduled for elective forearm or hand surgery,requiring ultrasound-guided axillary brachial plexus block,were randomly assigned into 2 groups (n =26 each):control group (group C) and dexmedetomidine group (group D).Axillary brachial plexus block was performed using only ropivacaine in group C.In group D the mixture of ropivacaine and 0.8 μg/kg dexmedetomidine was injected for the block.The effective block was defined as complete loss of pain sensation in the brachial plexus distribution.The volume of local anesthetics was 30 ml.The concentration of ropivacaine was determined by up-and-down technique.The initial concentration was 0.5 % and the ratio between the two successive concentrations was 1.2.If the block was effective,the next patient received a lower dose of ropivacaine,or if ineffective,a higher dose was given in the next patient.The EC50 and 95 % confidence interval of ropivacaine were determined using the Dixon-Massey method.Results The EC50 (95 % confidence interval) of ropivacaine was 0.32% (0.30%-0.33%) in group D and 0.44% (0.42%-0.46%) in group C.The EC50 of ropivacaine was significantly lower in group D than in group C (P < 0.05).Conclusion Local application of dexmedetomidine can decrease the EC50 of ropivacaine for brachial plexus block guided by ultrasound,indicating that the mechanism of the analgesic effect induced by dexmedetomidine is related to the local anesthetic-like effect.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 526-531, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434778

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the initial effect of LARS artificial ligaments arthroscopically in reconstruction of ipsilateral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL).Methods A total of 21 patients (13 males and 8 females,at average age of 31.5 years) received ACL and PCL restoration using LARS artificial ligaments since June 2006.Preoperative MRI exactly confirmed them as ACL and PCL ruptures.Lysholm score on knee joint was (47.6 ±6.7) points.Surgery had reconstruction of PCL prior to ACL under arthroscope.Results All patients were followed up for average 42 months (range,36-49 months),which showed no infection,ligament rupture,ligament loosening,or other postoperative complications.At postoperative 3 years,Lysholm score was (90.8 ± 3.7) points and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score was normal in 14 patients,near normal in six,and abnormal in one,with excellent-good rate of 95%.Conclusions LARS artificial ligaments can attain anatomical reconstruction and stability of the knee joint in treatment of ACL and PCL ruptures.Meanwhile,arthroscopic surgery shows superiorities of micro-wound,rapid recovery and satisfactory curative effect.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1001-1005, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430733

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the key points of treating elder patients with hip fractures by hemiarthroplasty.Methods Clinical data of 138 elder patients with hip fractures undergone hemiarthroplasty between January 2008 and December 2010 were analyzed retrospectively.There were 43 males and 95 females at mean age of 82.8 years(range,75-103 years).Injury causes included fall from height(n=98),contusion(n=32)and sprain(n=8).There were 84 patients with femoral neck fractures(33 patients with Garden type Ⅲ,51 with type Ⅳ)and 54 patients with intertrochanteric fractures(three patients of Jensen-Evans type Ⅱ,six with type Ⅲ,25 with type Ⅳ,18 with type V,two with type R).Follow-up evaluation was performed using Harris scoring system.Results The ambulation period was average 4.5 days(range,3-12 days).Follow-up was average 24.4 months(range,10-45 months),which presented no loosening,subsidence or infection of prostheses.Due to additional trauma postoperatively,one patient suffered from prosthesis dislocation and two from fractures of distal prosthetic femoral shaft.Harris score at six months postoperatively was average 86.8 points(range,52-100 points),with excellent results in 42 patients,good in 59,fair in 19 and poor in five,with excellence rate of 80.8%.Conclusion With full accomplishment of peri-,intra-and post-operative measures,hemiarthroplasty is a suitable choice for treating hip fractures in the elderly patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 392-396, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426335

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of extramedullary fixation system,intramedullary fixation system and hip arthroplasty in treatment of intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly.MethodsThe retrospective study involved 184 patients treated between January 2007 and January 2011,which were assigned to dynamic hip screw (DHS) group (n =99),locking plate group (n =19 ),intramedullary fixation group (n =25) and joint replacement group (n =41 ).There were 80 males and 104 females,at age range of 60-99 years,mean (72.4 ± 3.9) years.According to the modified Evan classification,the fractures included type Ⅰ A in 20 patients,type Ⅰ B in 21,type Ⅱ in 75 and type Ⅲ in 68.The preoperative conditions,postoperative weight-bearing time,fracture heating time,hip function and complications were comparatively studied among four groups.ResultsThe patients were followed up for 7-22 months (mean 12 months).The four groups showed no significant differences regarding the gender,age,fracture types and medical complications.The postoperative weight-bearing time of the joint replacement group was significantly shorter than that of the other three groups,with statistical significance.The fracture healing time was insignificantly different among the four groups.The postoperative complications were found in 24 patients (13%),including 11 patients in the DHS group,six in the locking plate group,five in the intramedullary fixation group and two in the joint replacement group.Harris score was the highest in the joint replacement group,with statistical significance in comparison with the other three groups. ConclusionsIntramedullary fixation should be the treatment of choice for the patients with unstable,or severe osteoporosis fractures and with intolerance of joint replacement.Artificial bipolar femoral head replacement is suitable for the elderly patients with unstable or severe osteoporosis fractures,capability of walk or tolerance of operation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 402-406, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426316

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the clinical outcome of locking plate and hemiarthroplasty in treatment of Neer three- and four-part proximal humeral fractures.Methods A totalof 63 consecutive patients aged over 55 years with Neer three- and four-part proximal humeral fractures were treated surgically from June 2006 to June 2010.In the retrospective study,36 patients were treated by open reduction and locking plate fixation ( locking plate fixation group) and 27 patients treated by hemiarthroplasty (hemiarthroplasty group).Clinical outcomes including operation time,blood loss,visual analog scale ( VAS),Constant-Murley score and complications were evaluated.ResultsThe average 19.7 months follow-up showed complication rate of 28% in the locking plate group,including one patient with varss malunion,one with axillary nerve injury,one with humeral head necrosis,one with heterotopie calcification and four with impingement syndrome.The complication rate was 24% in the hemiarthroplasty group,including two patients with tuberosity nonunion,one with tuberosity migration,one with impingement syndrome and one with joint semiluxation.The mean Constant-Murley score of three-part fractures in the locking plate group was ( 76.5 ±5.8) points,better than (69.2 ±7.2) points in the hemiarthroplasty group (P <0.05 ).While the two groups showed no significant differences with regards to operation time,blood loss and visual analog scale (VAS).As for the four-part fractures,the mean operation time was shorter and the mean blood loss was less in the hemiarthroplasty group compared with the locking plate group (P <0.05),while there were no obvious differences in VAS score and Constant-Murley score between the two groups. Conclusions Both locking plate and hemiarthroplasty are the reliable methods for the three- and four-part proximal humeral fractures.The patients' age,bone quality,fracture type,comminution degree and evaluation of osteonecrosis possibility,are critical for surgery decision.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 141-145, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414090

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the operation skills and clinical effects of C-arm fluoroscopy in arthroscopic reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament(ACL)with the Ligament Advancement Reinforcement System(LARS)artificial ligaments.Methods The study involved 36 patients with acute ACL rupture treated with the LARS artificial ligaments from June 2006.There were 25 males and 11 females,at age range of 22-51 years(average 28.3 years),involving 19 left knees and 17 right knees.The results of preoperative MRI of all patients suggested discontinuation of ACL,with average score of Lysholm on knee joint for 50.The operation was completed under arthroscope.While the locations of the femoral tunnel portal and the tibial tunnel exit were mainly determined by the C-arm fluoroscopy.The diameter of the LARS artificial ligament was 7.5 mm while that of the interference screw 8 mm.Results All 36 patients were followed up for a mean duration of 18 months(9-20 months).The average Lysholm Score was 52 preoperatively and 92 at the 12th week after operation.The clinical results were graded as excellent in 23 patients,good in nine and fair in four according to the Lysholm's classification,with excellence rate of 89%.Conclusions Arthroscopic reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament with LARS artifical ligament under C-arm fluoroscopy takes advantages of convenient operation,accurate location and satisfactory clinical effect.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 150-151, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395353

ABSTRACT

Mutations P459H and R483W detected in CYP21A2 gene in two Chinese patients with simple virilizing 21-hydroxylase deficiency were studied.Plasmid vectors containing P459H and R483W were constructed and transfected into COS-7 cells.The converting rate of progesterone to 11-desoxycortisone was calculated.P459H reduce 21-hydroxylase activity to 6.8%,while the residual enzyme activity of R483W was only 2.9%.

19.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 284-287, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395016

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognostic value of plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in patients with acute cerebral infarction. Methods Sixty-five patients with first-ever acute cerebral infarction and 32 healthy controls were recruited. The neurological deficits in patients with cerebral infarction were evaluated by using Chinese Stroke Scale (CSS).Plasma BNP levels were detected by immunofluorescence technique. Death and recurrent stroke events were followed up. Plasma BNP levels were compared between an event group and a non-event group, and the relationship between plasma BNP levels and poor prognosis was analyzed.Results Plasma BNP levels in patients with acute cerebral infarction was significantly higher than those in healthy controls (238.7 ± 131.6 pg/ml vs 38.7±23.8 pg/ml, P <0.01). Nine patients (13.8%) died, and 8 (12.3%) had nonfatal recurrent stroke during the follow-up period. Compared to the non-event group, the baseline plasma BNP levels in the death/recurrent stroke event group were significantly higher (304.0 ± 134.9 pg/ml vs 214.4 ± 120.9 pg/ml,P < 0.01). There was significant correlation between plasma BNP levels and CSS scores (r = -0.359, P <0.05). After performing multivariate analysis of various risk factors, it found that BNP levels (OR = 3.5, 95 % CI 2.1 to 5.8, P < 0.01), advanced age (OR = 4.1,95% CI 1.7 to 9.2, P <0.01) and CSS scores (OR =2.6, 95% CI 1.6 to 4.3, P <0.01)were the independent predictors of poor outcome. Conclusions The increased BNP levels are the recent death and recurrent independent predictors in patients with acute cerebral infarction.

20.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53)2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-594674

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Insulin-like growth factor-1(IGF-1) is an important regulator in osteoblasts proliferation,differentiation and matrix synthesis,which participates in the process of fracture healing and repairing. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the potential bone regeneration effect of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) transfected into IGF-1 retroviruses vector on bone defects repairing. DESIGN,TIME AND SETTING:A controlled observation experiment was performed between March 2004 and May 2005 at the Laboratory Animal Center of Soochow University. MATERIALS:MSCs were transfected into IGF-1 retroviruses vector in vitro and combined with demineralized bone matrix(DBM) . METHODS:Fifteen BalB/C nude mice were prepared for 8 mm calvarial defects models and divided into 3 groups by number table method,with 5 animals in each group. DBM transfected with IGF-1 and DBM transfected with vector were implanted into the defect in MSCs cells transduced with IGF-1 and vector groups,respectively. There was no other intervention in the blank control group. The implants were harvested and evaluated by histological examination at 4 weeks after model preparation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:①The mRNA expression of IGF-1 was analyzed by RT-PCR and Western Blot. ②The complexes of cells and DBM were analyzed by scanning electron microscope(SEM) at days 3 and 6 after co-culture. ③Gross observation of the calvarial defects models. ④Osteogenic activity of the implants was evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining at weeks 4 after model preparation. RESULTS:①There were mRNA and protein expression of IGF-1 in MSCs cells transduced with IGF-1 vector. ②SEM showed that there were plenty of cells adhered to surface of DBM,and grew into inner part at the 3 days after co-culture with IGF-1,which secreted much collagen fibers at days 6. The count of adherent cells and collagen fiber was smaller in the vector group at each time points. ③No obvious inflammatory reaction could be seen in each group at 4 weeks after model preparation. Compared with vector control,abundant new bone and blood vessel formation occurred in the calvarial defects treated with DBM/IGF-1,and no new bone formation in the blank control groups. ④Results of hematoxylin-eosin staining showed that grafts in the MSCs cells transduced with IGF-1 group was combined closely with calvarial defects,new bone and vessel could be found. There were few bone-like materials formation in vector group,and no defects in control group were repaired. CONCLUSION:The composites of IGF-1 transfected MSCs and DBM has good effect in repairing calvarial defects.

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