Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 56
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 519-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of different laparoscopic surgeries for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) of gastric cardia and fundus.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 251 patients with GIST of gastric cardia and fundus who underwent laparoscopic radical resection in 14 medical centers, including Guangdong Provincial People′s Hospital et al, from December 2007 to December 2021 were collected. There were 123 males and 128 females, aged 58(24,87)years. Observation indicators: (1) treatment; (2) clinicopathological data of patients undergoing different laparoscopic surgeries; (3) subgroup analysis for special laparoscopic techniques. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test or ANOVA. Measure-ment data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test or Kruskal-Wallis H test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the rank sum test. Results:(1) Treatment. Of the 251 patients,202 cases underwent gastric wedge resection, 26 cases underwent special laparoscopic techniques including 10 cases with serotomy and dissection and 16 cases with transluminal gastrectomy, 23 cases underwent structural gastrectomy including 6 cases with total gastrectomy and 17 cases with proximal partial gastrectomy. There were 24 patients had postoperative complications after surgery. (2) Clinicopathological data of patients undergoing different laparoscopic surgeries. The gender (male, female), age, tumor diameter, operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, length of incision, time to postoperative initial whole liquid food intake, time to postoperative initial semi-liquid food intake, duration of postoperative hospital stay, cases with perioperative complications, cases with mitotic count as ≤5/50 high power field, 6?10/50 high power field, >10/50 high power field, cases be classified as very low risk, low risk, medium risk, high risk according to the National Institutes of Health risk classification, cases with tumor located at fundus and gastric cardia were 93, 109, (59±11)years, 3.50(0.40,10.00)cm, 88.00(25.00,290.00)minutes,20.00(25.00,290.00)mL, 4.00(2.00,12.00)cm, 3.00(1.00,9.00)days, 4.00(1.00,16.00)days, 5.00(1.00,18.00)days, 14, 164, 31, 7, 47, 83, 50, 22, 30, 172 in patients undergoing gastric wedge resection, respectively. The above indicators were 19, 7, (49±14)years, 2.55(0.20,5.00)cm, 101.00(59.00,330.00)minutes, 27.50(2.00,300.00)mL, 4.50(0,6.00)cm, 2.50(1.00,10.00)days, 4.00(1.00,16.00)days, 6.00(1.00,18.00)days, 3, 20, 5, 1, 15, 5, 2, 4, 24, 2 in patients undergoing special laparos-copic techniques, and 11, 12, (52±10)years, 5.00(0.80,10.00)cm, 187.00(80.00,325.00)minutes, 50.00(10.00,300.00)mL, 6.00(4.00,12.00)cm, 4.00(2.00,8.00)days, 6.00(3.00,14.00)days, 8.00(2.00,18.00)days, 7, 11, 5, 7, 2, 6, 6, 9, 13, 10 in patients undergoing structural gastrectomy. There were significant differences in the above indicators among the three groups of patients ( χ2=6.75, F=10.19, H=17.71, 37.50, 35.54, 24.68, 16.09,20.20, 13.76, χ2=13.32, Z=28.98, 32.17, χ2=82.14, P<0.05). (3) Subgroup analysis for special laparoscopic techniques. The time to postoperative initial whole liquid food intake, time to postoperative initial semi-liquid food intake, classification of tumor location (endophytic type, exophytic type, parietal type) were 4.50(1.00,10.00)days, 8.00(3.00,12.00)days, 0, 8, 2 in patients undergoing serotomy and dissection, versus 2.00(1.00,4.00)days, 3.00(1.00,6.00)days, 16, 0, 0 in patients undergoing transluminal gastrectomy. There were significant differences in time to postoperative initial whole liquid food intake, time to postoperative initial semi-liquid food intake between them ( Z=-2.65, -3.16, P<0.05); and there was a significant difference in classification of tumor location between them ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Gastric wedge resection is the most commonly used laparoscopic technique for GIST of gastric cardia and fundus. The application of special laparoscopic techniques is focused on the GIST of cardia to preserve the function of the cardia.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1056-1070, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955224

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognostic influencing factors of radical surgery for duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST).Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 741 duodenal GIST patients who under-went radical surgery in 17 medical centers, including 121 cases in Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 121 cases in Chinese PLA General Hospital, 116 cases in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 77 cases in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, 77 cases in West China Hospital, Sichuan University, 31 cases in Guangdong Provincial People′s Hospital, 24 cases in Fujian Cancer Hospital, 22 cases in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 25 cases in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, 19 cases in Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, 23 cases in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, 17 cases in Liaoning Cancer Hospital&Institute, 17 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 15 cases in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, 14 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 14 cases in Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University and 8 cases in General Hospital of Chinese People′s Liberation Army Air Force, from January 2010 to April 2020 were collected. There were 346 males and 395 females, aged 55(range, 17?86)years. Observation indicators: (1) neoadjuvant treatment; (2) surgical and postoperative situations; (3) follow-up; (4) stratified analysis. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination or telephone interview. Patients were followed up once every 3?6 months during neoadjuvant therapy and once every 6?12 months after radical surgery to detect tumor recurrence and survival of patient up to April 2022. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves and calculate survival rates. Log-rank test was used for survival analysis. The COX regression model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses. Propensity score matching was done by the 1∶1 nearest neighbor matching method, and the matching tolerance was 0.02. Results:(1) Neoadjuvant therapy. Of the 741 patients, 34 cases received neoadjuvant therapy for 8(range, 3?44)months. Cases assessed as partial response, stable disease and progressive disease before the radical surgery of the 34 cases were 21, 9, 4, respectively. The tumor diameter of the 34 patients before the neoadjuvant therapy and before the radical surgery were 8.0(range, 3.0?26.0)cm and 5.3(range, 3.0?18.0)cm, with the regression rate as 31.9%(range, ?166.7% to 58.3%). (2) Surgical and postoperative situations. Of the 741 patients, 34 cases underwent radical surgery after receiving neoadjuvant therapy, and 707 cases underwent radical surgery directly. All the 741 patients underwent radical surgery successfully, in which 633, 102 and 6 cases received open surgery, laparoscopic surgery and endoscopic treatment, respectively. Of the 633 cases receiving open surgery and the 102 cases receiving laparoscopic surgery, cases with surgical resection range as pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) was 238, and cases with surgical resection range as duodenal limited resection, including duodenal wedge resection, distal gastrectomy, segmental duodenal resection, local resection of duodenal tumor or segmental duodenum combined with subtotal gastrectomy, was 497, 226, 55, 204, 12. Of the 741 patients, 131 cases had post-operative complications including 113 cases with grade Ⅰ?Ⅱ complications and 18 cases with ≥ grade Ⅲ complications of the Clavien-Dindo classification. The duration of postoperative hospital stay of the 741 patients was 13(range, 4?120)days. Of the 707 patients receiving direct radical surgery, 371 cases were evaluated as extremely low risk, low risk, medium risk of the modified National Institutes of Health (NIH) risk classification after surgery, and 336 cases were evaluated as high risk in which 205 cases receive postoperative adjuvant imatinib therapy with the treatment time as 24(range, 6?110)months. (3) Follow-up. All the 741 patients were followed up for 58(range, 7?150)months. During the follow-up, 110 patients had tumor recurrence and metastasis. The 1-, 3-, 5-year overall survival rates and 1-, 3-, 5-year disease-free survival rates of the 741 patients were 100.0%, 98.6%, 94.5% and 98.4%, 90.9%, 84.9%, respectively. The 1-, 3-, 5-year overall survival rates and 1-, 3-, 5-year disease-free survival rates of the 707 patients receiving direct radical surgery were 100.0%, 98.5%, 94.3% and 98.4%, 91.1%, 85.4%, respectively. (4) Stratified analysis. ① Analysis of prognostic factors in patients undergoing radical surgery directly. Results of univariate analysis showed that primary tumor location, tumor diameter, mitotic count, modified NIH risk classification and tumor gene information were related factors affecting the overall survival of 707 patients with primary duodenal GIST who underwent direct radical surgery ( hazard ratio=0.43, 0.18, 0.22, 0.06, 0.29, 95% confidence intervals as 0.20?0.93, 0.09?0.35, 0.10?0.50, 0.03?0.12, 0.09?0.95, P<0.05). The primary tumor location, tumor diameter, mitotic count, modified NIH risk classification were related factors affecting the disease-free survival of 707 patients with primary duodenal GIST who underwent direct radical surgery ( hazard ratio=0.65, 0.25, 0.25, 0.10, 95% confidence intervals as 0.41?1.03, 0.17?0.37, 0.15?0.42, 0.07?0.15, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that primary tumor located at the horizontal segment of duodenum, mitotic count >5/50 high power field, tumor gene KIT exon 9 mutation were independent risk factors affecting the overall survival of 365 patients with primary duodenal GIST after removing 342 patients without tumor gene information who underwent direct radical surgery ( hazard ratio=2.85, 2.73, 3.13, 95% confidence intervals as 1.12?7.20, 1.07?6.94, 1.23?7.93, P<0.05). Tumor diameter >5 cm and mitotic count >5/50 high power field were independent risk factors affecting the disease-free survival of 707 patients with primary duodenal GIST who underwent direct radical surgery ( hazard ratio=3.19, 2.98, 95% confidence intervals as 2.05?4.97, 1.99?4.45, P<0.05). ② Effect of postoperative adjuvant therapy on prognosis of high-risk patients of modified NIH risk classification. Of the 336 patients evaluated as high risk of the modified NIH risk classification, the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate were 94.6% and 77.3% in the 205 cases with postoperative adjuvant therapy, versus 83.2% and 64.4% in the 131 cases without postoperative adjuvant therapy, showing significant differences between them ( χ2=8.39, 4.44, P<0.05). Of the 205 patients evaluated as high risk of the modified NIH risk classification who received postoperative adjuvant therapy, there were 106 cases receiving postoperative adjuvant therapy <36 months, with the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate were 87.1% and 58.7%, and there were 99 cases receiving post-operative adjuvant therapy ≥36 months, with the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate were 100.0% and 91.5%. There were significant differences in the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate between the 106 patients and the 99 patients ( χ2=13.92, 29.61, P<0.05). ③ Comparison of clinical efficacy of patients with different surgical methods. Before propensity score matching, cases with primary tumor located at bulb, descending, horizontal, ascending segment of duodenum, cases with tumor diameter ≤5 cm and >5 cm were 95, 307, 147, 34, 331, 252, in the 583 patients receiving open surgery with complete clinical data, versus 15, 46, 17, 5, 67, 16 in the 83 patients receiving laparoscopic surgery with complete clinical data, showing no significant difference in the primary tumor location ( χ2=0.94, P>0.05), and a significant difference in the tumor diameter ( χ2=17.33, P<0.05) between them. After propensity score matching, the above indicator were 16, 39, 20, 8, 67, 16 in the 83 patients receiving open surgery, versus 15, 46, 17, 5, 67, 16 in the 83 patients receiving laparoscopic surgery, showing no significant difference between them ( χ2=1.54, 0.00, P>0.05). Cases with postoperative complications, cases with grade Ⅰ?Ⅱ complica-tions and ≥grade Ⅲ complications of the Clavien-Dindo classification, duration of postoperative hospital stay, the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate were 17, 12, 5, 11(range, 5?120)days, 92.0%, 100.0% in the 83 patients receiving open surgery, versus 9, 7, 2, 11(range, 5?41)days, 91.6%, 97.3% in the 83 patients receiving laparoscopic surgery, showing no signi-ficant difference in postoperative complications, duration of postoperative hospital stay, the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate ( χ2=2.91, Z=3 365.50, χ2=3.02, 1.49, P>0.05) between them. There was no significant difference in complications of the Clavien-Dindo classification between them ( P>0.05). ④ Comparison of clinical efficacy of patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum who underwent surgery with different surgical resection scopes. Before propensity score matching, cases with tumor diameter ≤5 cm and >5 cm, cases with tumor located at opposite side of mesangium and mesangium were 71, 85, 28, 128 in the 156 patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum who underwent PD with complete clinical data, versus 92, 41, 120, 13 in the 133 patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum who underwent duodenal limited resection with complete clinical data, showing significant differences between them ( χ2=16.34, 150.10, P<0.05). After propensity score matching, the above indicator were 28, 13, 16, 25 in the 41 patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum who underwent PD with complete clinical data, versus 28, 13, 16, 25 in the 41 patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum who underwent duodenal limited resection with complete clinical data, showing no significant difference between them ( χ2=0.00, 0.00, P>0.05). Cases with postopera-tive complications, cases with grade Ⅰ?Ⅱ complications and ≥grade Ⅲ compli-cations of the Clavien-Dindo classification, duration of postoperative hospital stay, the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate were 13, 11, 2, 15(range, 9?62)days, 94.2%, 64.3% in the 41 patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum who underwent PD with complete clinical data, versus 9, 8, 0, 15(range, 7?40)days, 100.0%, 78.8% in the 41 patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum who underwent duodenal limited resection with complete clinical data, showing no significant difference in post-operative complica-tions, the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate ( χ2=0.99, 0.34, 1.86, P>0.05) between them. There was no significant difference in complications of the Clavien-Dindo classification ( P>0.05) and there was a significant difference in duration of postopera-tive hospital stay ( Z=614.50, P<0.05) between them. Conclusions:The clinical efficacy of radical surgery for duodenal GIST are ideal. Primary tumor located at the horizontal segment of duodenum, mitotic count >5/50 high power field, tumor gene KIT exon 9 mutation are independent risk factors affec-ting the overall survival of patients undergoing direct radical surgery and tumor diameter >5 cm and mitotic count >5/50 high power field are independent risk factors affecting the disease-free survival of patients. There is no significant difference in the short-term efficacy and long-term prognosis between patients undergoing open surgery and laparoscopic surgery. For patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum, the duration of postoperative hospital stay is longer in patients undergoing PD compared with patients undergoing duodenal limited resection. For patients evaluated as high risk of the modified NIH risk classification, posto-perative adjuvant therapy and treatment time ≥36 months are conducive to improving the prognosis of patients.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 886-889, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956071

ABSTRACT

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a clinical syndrome caused by a variety of internal and external injury factors in the lung, and its morbidity and mortality have remained stubbornly high. Recent studies have shown that endothelial-derived extracellular vesicles are an important mediator of pathological signal transduction and play an important regulatory role in the occurrence, development and prognosis of ARDS. Now our paper reviewed the regulatory mechanism of endothelial-derived extracellular vesicles in ARDS.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 837-848, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927571

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) were not complex, and the endothelial barrier was destroyed in the pathogenesis progress of acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Previous studies have demonstrated that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), which was secreted by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, could decrease endothelial apoptosis. We investigated whether mTOR/STAT3 signaling acted in HGF protective effects against oxidative stress and mitochondria-dependent apoptosis in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endothelial barrier dysfunction and ALI mice.@*METHODS@#In our current study, we introduced LPS-induced PMEVCs with HGF treatment. To investigate the effects of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway in endothelial oxidative stress and mitochondria-dependent apoptosis, mTOR inhibitor rapamycin and STAT3 inhibitor S3I-201 were, respectively, used to inhibit mTOR/STAT3 signaling. Moreover, lentivirus vector-mediated mTORC1 (Raptor) and mTORC2 (Rictor) gene knockdown modifications were introduced to evaluate mTORC1 and mTORC1 pathways. Calcium measurement, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, mitochondrial membrane potential and protein, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and endothelial junction protein were detected to evaluate HGF effects. Moreover, we used the ALI mouse model to observe the mitochondria pathological changes with an electron microscope in vivo.@*RESULTS@#Our study demonstrated that HGF protected the endothelium via the suppression of ROS production and intracellular calcium uptake, which lead to increased mitochondrial membrane potential (JC-1 and mitochondria tracker green detection) and specific proteins (complex I), raised anti-apoptosis Messenger Ribonucleic Acid level (B-cell lymphoma 2 and Bcl-xL), and increased endothelial junction proteins (VE-cadherin and occludin). Reversely, mTOR inhibitor rapamycin and STAT3 inhibitor S3I-201 could raise oxidative stress and mitochondria-dependent apoptosis even with HGF treatment in LPS-induced endothelial cells. Similarly, mTORC1 as well as mTORC2 have the same protective effects in mitochondria damage and apoptosis. In in vivo experiments of ALI mouse, HGF also increased mitochondria structural integrity via the mTOR/STAT3 pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#In all, these reveal that mTOR/STAT3 signaling mediates the HGF suppression effects to oxidative level, mitochondria-dependent apoptosis, and endothelial junction protein in ARDS, contributing to the pulmonary endothelial survival and barrier integrity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Apoptosis , Calcium/metabolism , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Endothelium/metabolism , Hepatocyte Growth Factor/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Mammals/metabolism , Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1/metabolism , Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 2/metabolism , Mitochondria/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Sirolimus/pharmacology , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
5.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 960-964, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911459

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of chest wall elastic resistance in determining the effects of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on central venous pressure (CVP) in patients with mechanical ventilation (MV).Methods:In this prospective study, according to the median of ratio of chest wall elastic resistance to respiratory system elastic resistance (Ers), patients were divided into high chest wall elastic resistance group (Ecw/Ers≥0.24) and low chest wall elastic resistance group [elastance of chest wall (Ecw)/Ers<0.24]. PEEP was set at 5, 10, 15 cmH 2O (1 cmH 2O=0.098 kPa) respectively. Clinical data including CVP, heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP) and respiratory mechanics were recorded. Results:Seventy patients receiving MV were included from November 2017 to December 2018. Clinical characteristics including age, BP, HR, baseline PEEP, the ratio of arterial oxygen partial pressure to fractional inspired oxygen (P/F) and comorbidities were comparable in two groups. However, patients with high Ecw/Ers ratio presented higher body mass index (BMI) than those with low Ecw/Ers ratio[ (25.4±3.2) kg/m 2 vs. (23.4±3.2) kg/m 2, P=0.011]. As PEEP increased from 5 cmH 2O to 10 cmH 2O, CVP in high Ecw/Ers group increased significantly compared with that in low Ecw/Ers group [1.75(1.00, 2.13) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133kPa) vs. 1.50(0.50, 2.00)mmHg, P=0.038], which was the same as PEEP increased from 10 cmH 2O to 15 cmH 2O [2.00(1.50, 3.00)mmHg vs. 1.50(1.00, 2.00)mmHg, P=0.041] or PEEP increased from 5 cmH 2O to 15 cmH 2O [ 3.75(3.00,4.63)mmHg vs. 3.00(1.63, 4.00)mmHg, P=0.012]. When PEEP increased from 5 cmH 2O to 10 cmH 2O, 10 cmH 2O to 15 cmH 2O and 10 cmH 2O to 15 cmH 2O, there were significant correlations between Ecw/Ers and CVP elevation ( r=0.29, P=0.016; r=0.31, P=0.011; r=0.31, P=0.01 respectively). Conclusions:In patients receiving mechanical ventilation, elevation of PEEP leads to a synchronous change of CVP, which is corelated with patients′ chest wall elastic resistances.

6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 774-778, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909403

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of Xuebijing injection on the improvement of pneumonia severity index (PSI) and prognosis in patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).Methods:A multicenter prospective cohort study was designed. Adult patients with COVID-19 admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of 28 designated COVID-19 hospitals in 15 provinces and cities of China from January to March 2020 were enrolled. All patients were treated according to the standard treatment plan of COVID-19 issued by the National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China. They were divided into Xuebijing group and standard treatment group according to whether they received Xuebijing injection or not. In the standard treatment group, routine medical care measures such as antiviral, respiratory support, circulatory support and symptomatic treatment were taken. In the Xuebijing group, on the basis of standard treatment, Xuebijing was used within 12 hours of admission to the ICU, 100 mL each time, twice daily. The minimum duration of Xuebijing administration was 1 day. The improvement rate of PSI risk rating on the 8th day and clinical outcome on the 28th day were recorded.Results:A total of 276 COVID-19 patients were screened continuously, and the data of 144 severe patients who met PSI risk rating Ⅲ-Ⅴ were analyzed. Seventy-two cases were involved each in standard treatment group and Xuebijing group. The average age of the standard treatment group and Xuebijing group were (65.7±7.9) years old and (63.5±10.9) years old, and male accounted for 75.0% (54/72) and 70.8% (51/72), respectively. There were no significant differences in general conditions, comorbidities, PSI risk rating and score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2), respiratory support mode and other baseline indicators between the two groups. Compared with the standard treatment group, the improvement rate of PSI risk rating in Xuebijing group on the 8th day after admission was significantly improved [56.9% (41/72) vs. 20.8% (15/72), between-group difference and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 36.1% (21.3% to 50.9%), P < 0.01], PSI score, SOFA score and PaO 2/FiO 2 were significantly improved [PSI score: 83.7±34.8 vs. 108.2±25.6, between-group difference (95% CI) was -24.5 (-34.9 to -14.1); SOFA score: 2.0 (1.0, 4.0) vs. 7.0 (4.0, 10.0), between-group difference (95% CI) was -3.5 (-5.0 to -2.0); PaO 2/FiO 2 (mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 289.4±111.6 vs. 188.5±98.1, between-group difference (95% CI) was 100.9 (65.3 to 136.5); all P < 0.01]. The 28-day discharge rate of Xuebijing group was 44.5% higher than that of standard treatment group [66.7% (48/72) vs. 22.2% (16/72), P < 0.01], and the 28-day survival rate was 9.8% [91.7% (66/72) vs. 81.9% (59/72), P < 0.01]. There was no significant difference in the combination of antiviral drugs, antibiotics, anticoagulants and vasopressor drugs between the two groups. There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between the Xuebijing group and standard treatment group [41.7% (30/72) vs. 43.1% (31/72), P > 0.05], and no serious adverse events and adverse reactions of Xuebijing were reported. Conclusion:Standard treatment combined with Xuebijing injection can significantly improve the PSI risk score and clinical prognosis of patients with severe COVID-19 without increasing drug safety risk.

7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 373-376, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883892

ABSTRACT

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common clinical critical condition of the respiratory system, with a high fatality rate and lack of effective drug treatment, hence it is a global medical problem to be solved urgently. Recently, with the in-depth research on extracellular vesicles (EVs) at home and abroad, more and more evidences suggest that EVs play a critical role in the initiation, development and progression of ARDS and have potential clinical application value. The role of different cells derived EVs in ARDS will be reviewed in this paper.

8.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 43-48, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734695

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the trigger delay and work of trigger between neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) and pressure support ventilation (PSV) in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) patients with intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during mechanical ventilation. Methods AECOPD patients with intrinsic PEEP (PEEPi) greater than or equal to 3 cmH2O (1 cmH2O=0.098 kPa) were enrolled during invasive mechanical ventilation. Subjects were ventilated with low, medium and high pressure under either NAVA or PSV mode. Servo Tracker software continuously recorded the waveform of ventilator and respiratory mechanics indexes (including respiratory frequency, inspiratory tidal volume (Vti), minute ventilation volume (VE), peak airway pressure (PIP), inspiratory time), and calculated trigger and expiratory conversion delay time, work of trigger and total work of breath. Results A total of 14 AECOPD patients were enrolled with the average PEEPi (4.3±1.3) cmH2O. PSV inspiratory trigger delay time was positively correlated with PEEPi (r=0.913, P<0.05). Compared with PSV, NAVA significantly decreased trigger delay time in low, medium and high pressure level groups [(48±17) ms vs. (167±86) ms, (63±65) ms vs. (247±240) ms, (63±49) ms vs. (342±192) ms,respectively all P<0.05]. Similar results were shown as to work of trigger [(0.92±0.36) μV?s vs. (1.22±0.70) μV?s, (1.08±0.51) μV?s vs. (1.62 ± 1.25) μV?s, (1.20 ± 0.96) μV?s vs. (2.29 ± 1.02) μV?s, all P<0.05]. Trigger delay time increased according to the increase of pressure level in PSV mode.Conclusion The presence of PEEPi in AECOPD patients leads to obvious trigger delay under PSV mode, which is positively correlated with PEEPi level. NAVA significantly reduces trigger delay time and work of trigger compared with PSV mode.

9.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 160-164, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338393

ABSTRACT

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) issued the clinical practice guidelines for gastric cancer 2017 edition version 5, which has been fully updated for the treatment of gastric cancer, including systematic treatment, surgery and radiotherapy. This article review and summarize the updated NCCN clinical practice guidelines for gastric cancer in 2017 and try to interpret it. (1)Biomarkers: mismatch repair defect (dMMR) or high microsatellite instability (MSI-H), programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and tumor Epstein Barr virus (EBV) status should be considered for patients with gastric cancer. (2)Treatment of advanced gastric cancer: the major update is the application of immunotherapy (Pembrolizumab, Nivolumab combined with Ipilimumab). (3)Adjuvant therapy after D2 resection and perioperative treatment: the guidelines recommended Capecitabine combined with Oxaliplatin as adjuvant therapy after radical operation, updated from category 2A to 1; although the 2017 edition of the NCCN guidelines have not yet been adopted, Docetaxel-based FLOT scheme has certain potential in adjuvant therapy for gastric cancer. (4) Radiotherapy: a more detailed definition of radiotherapy for gastric cancer in different locations, especially in high-risk lymphatic drainage areas, was updated. (5) Genetic risk assessment: the guidelines recommended genetic screening for gastric cancer, including hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC), Lynch syndrome, juvenile polyposis (JPS), Peutz-Jephers syndrome (PJS) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). The NCCN guidelines continue to update based on new evidences, which is the embodiment of precision medicine in the treatment of gastric cancer. The biggest change in the 2017 gastric cancer guidelines is the updates of immunotherapy, which also suggests that the direction of the gastric cancer treatment began to turn to immunotherapy.

10.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 961-965, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317526

ABSTRACT

Surgery remains the primary treatment for patients with localized gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), however, even after complete resection of the tumor, there is still a part of patients with tumor recurrence and metastasis. Imatinib, as adjuvant therapy in GIST patients with intermediate and high risk of recurrence, can significantly improve the disease-free survival, but whether it can prolong the overall survival is still unknown. It has reached a consensus that the intermediate and high risk patients should receive adjuvant therapy, but the duration for adjuvant therapy is still under investigation, especially for high-risk patients. Adjuvant therapy is recommended for at least 3 years, while in the end of adjuvant therapy, some patients still develop recurrence and metastasis. In 2017, results from PERSIST-5 study reported by the ASCO conference indicated that 5-year adjuvant therapy may further prolong disease-free survival of intermediate and high risk patients. In addition, adjuvant therapy is still not individualized based on the combination with different genotypes, and present adjuvant therapy is recommended for GIST patients with positive CD117 and intermediate-high risk of recurrence. It remains controversial whether different genotypes are associated with alternative adjuvant treatment options. Results of more researches are expected to provide better guidance for clinical treatment in the future.

11.
The Journal of Clinical Anesthesiology ; (12): 592-594, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618588

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of spinal nerve ligation (SNL) on the changes of intestinal pathology and the levels of serum immunoglobulin in rats with ulcerative colitis.Methods Thirty-six healthy male rats, weighing 200-220 g, were randomly divided into three groups using the random number table method: spinal nerve ligation model group (group SNL), sham-operationgroup (group Sham) and non-operatedcontrol group (group Con), 12 in each group.After the establishment of SNL models, the three groups were given trinitro-benzene-sulfonic acid (TNBS) to induce ulcerative colitis.The serum level of immunoglobulin (IgG, IgM) were measured on the day before SNL, before TNBS modeling and 7, 14 d after TNBS modeling, respectively.Besides, the intestinal pathology were observed on 7 d after TNBS modeling.Results The basic values of IgM and IgG before operation were not statistically different among three groups.The level of IgG in group SNL was lower than that in group Sham after SNL operation with no significant difference, but the level of IgM was significantly lower than that of group Sham (P<0.05).On 7 d after TNBS modeling, both levels of IgG and IgM in group SNL were significantly lower than those in group Sham and group Con (P<0.01).On 14 d after TNBS modeling, the level of IgG in group SNL was significantly lower than that in group Sham and group Con (P<0.05).Furthermore, the colon lesions were more extensive and the inflammation was more serious in group SNL than those in group Sham and group Con on 7 d after TNBS modeling.Conclusion Neuropathic pain suppress immune activities, reduces the serum level of IgM and IgG and aggravates intestinal inflammation caused by TNBS.

12.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1031-1034, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338482

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of metabolic enzymes polymorphisms on variations of imatinib (IM) pharmacokinetics in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 118 Chinese GIST patients receiving 400 mg/d IM at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 2014 and 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The plasma concentration of imatinib mesylate(IM) and its main metabolic N-demethyl imatinib (NDI) were determined by LC-MS/MS. CYP3A4 rs2242480, CYP1A2 rs762551, CYP2C19 rs28399505 and NR1I2 rs3814057 were genotyped by MassArray system. Association between drug concentration and polymorphism was examined by Whitney U test. P≤0.05 indicated close association and 0.05<P<0.10 indicated marginal association.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 118 GIST patients, 63 were male and 55 were female with a median age of 55 (44 to 63) years. Primary lesion location was the stomach in 87 cases, intestine in 13 cases and other sites in 18 cases. All the patients received standard 400 mg/d IM. Concentration of IM (C) was (1 501.1±646.8) μg/L and concentration of NDI (C) was (221.7±92.5) μg/L. Association analysis showed that CYP2C19 rs28399505 was closely associated with concentration of IM and NDI(P=0.002 and 0.028). The concentration of IM and NDI in patients with TC heterozygote was significantly lower than those with wildtype TT [C: (695.4±202.9) μg/L vs. (1 518.9±716.8) μg/L, P=0.002; C:(133.3±59.8) μg/L vs. (244.5±99.1) μg/L, P=0.028]. NR1I2 rs3814057 was marginally associated with concentration of IM and NDI(C:P=0.079; C:P=0.082), while CYP3A4 rs2242480 and CYP1A2 rs762551 were not associated with concentration of IM or NDI(all P>0.10).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CYP2C19 may play an important role in IM metabolism. Detection of CYP2C19 polymorphism may be beneficial to clinical monitoring of IM and decision making of individualized treatment.</p>

13.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1258-1264, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303951

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To retrospectively analyze the clinicopathology of patients with gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor(gGIST) who underwent radical excision within 18 years in 10 domestic medical centers in order to understand the status of domestic surgical treatment of gGIST.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathological data of gGIST patients undergoing radical excision in 10 medical centers from January 1998 to January 2016 were collected, and their operational conditions, postoperative adjuvant therapy, gene detection and survival were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 1 846 cases were recruited in this study, including 246 cases from Guangdong General Hospital, 331 cases from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, 374 cases from Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 342 cases from Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University, 265 cases from Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 148 cases from Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, 49 cases from West China Hospital of Sichuan University, 43 cases from Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute, 28 cases from the 81st Hospital of Pepole's Liberation Army(PLA), 20 cases from Cancer Hospital of China Medical University, Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute. There were 918 male (49.7%) and 928 female patients (50.3%) with median onset age of 59(18 to 95) years old. Fundus(735 cases, 39.8%) and body (781 cases, 42.3%) of stomach were the common sites of lesions. The average size of tumor was (5.3±4.6) cm. There were 1 421 cases with mitotic count ≤5(77.0%). According to the operation procedure, 924 cases (50.1%) underwent laparoscopic surgery, 759 cases (41.1%) laparotomy, 120 cases (6.5%) endoscopic surgery, and 20 cases (1.1%) laparoscopic combined with endoscopic surgery, 6 cases (0.3%) laparoscopic excision surgery through gastric wall and cavity, and 17 cases (0.9%) laparoscopy and then were transferred to laparotomy. Wedge excision were performed in 1 308 cases (70.9%), proximal gastric excision in 226 cases(12.2%), distal gastric excision in 92 cases (5.0%), total gastrectomy in 94 cases (5.1%), and local gastrectomy in 126 cases(6.8%). Multi-visceral excision was performed in 138 cases, and the splenectomy was performed in 83 cases(60.1%)with the highest ratio. According to modified NIH classification, 399 cases(21.6%) were extreme low risk, 580 cases(31.4%) were low risk, 424 cases(23.0%) were moderate risk, 443 cases (24.0%) were high risk. A total of 461 cases received postoperative imatinib adjuvant therapy, accounting for 53.2%(461/867) of patients with moderate and high risk. Among 1 846 cases, 1 402 cases (75.9%) had complete follow-up data and the median follow-up time was 33.6 (0.1 to 158) months. The 5-year survival rates of extreme low risk, low risk, moderate risk and high risk were 100%, 98.5%, 92.5%, and 79.2% with significant difference(P=0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Gastric GIST occurs mostly in fundus and body of stomach in China. Wedge excision is the main operational procedure and laparoscopic operation is over 50%. General prognosis of gastric GIST is quite good.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , China , Combined Modality Therapy , Gastrectomy , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Pathology , General Surgery , Imatinib Mesylate , Therapeutic Uses , Laparoscopy , Laparotomy , Postoperative Period , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Splenectomy , Stomach Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Survival Rate
14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1265-1270, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303950

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To elucidate the historic and current diagnosis and treatment status of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) in the Chinese population based on four high volume databases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathological data of GIST patients with follow-up information between January 1998 and December 2015 from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Union Hospital of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Southern Medical University Nanfang Hospital and Guangdong General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meire method was used to draw survival curve. The accumulative survival rate was calculated by life table method. Comparison of survival rate among groups was examined by Log-rank test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 2 610 cases were enrolled into the study, including 667(25.6%) cases from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, 754(28.9%) cases from Union Hospital of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 692(26.5%) cases from Southern Medical University Nanfang Hospital and 497 (19.0%) cases from Guangdong General Hospital. There were 1 394 male and 1 216 female cases with the ratio of 1.15 to 1.00. The age of patients was from 18 to 95 (median 58.0) years old. Three-year was used as a time stage, then 18 years were divided into 6 stages. New GIST patients increased gradually year by year. There were 13(0.5%) cases during 1998 to 2000, 68(2.6%) cases during 2001 to 2003, 256(9.8%) cases during 2004 to 2006, 517 (19.8%) cases during 2007 to 2009, 814(31.2%) cases during 2010 to 2012, and 942 (36.1%) cases during 2013 to 2015. Primary GIST sites were esophagus in 50(1.9%) cases, stomach in 1 686(64.6%) cases, duodenum in 206 (7.9%) cases, jejunum and ileum in 446 (17.1%) cases, colon and rectum in 133 (5.1%) cases, and non-gastrointestinal tract in 89 (3.4%) cases. GIST lesions of 2 404(92.1%) cases located in the primary sites and relapse/metastasis occurred in 206 cases when consulting. Among 206 relapse/metastasis cases, liver metastasis was found in 126 (61.2%) cases, abdominal cavity/pelvic cavity metastasis in 64 (31.1%) cases, liver plus abdominal cavity/pelvic cavity metastasis in 12 (5.8%) cases, and other site metastasis in 4 (1.9%) cases. Among all the patients, 352 received gene detection, including 1 (0.4%) during 2004 to 2006, 7 (1.4%) during 2007 to 2009, 150 (18.4%) during 2010 to 2012, and 194 (20.6%) during 2013 to 2015. Most of the primary oncogenic mutational site occurred in c-Kit, including 30 (8.5%) cases in exon 9, 242 (68.8%) cases in exon 11, 4 (1.1%) cases in exon 13, 2 (0.6%) cases in exon 17, while 3 (0.9%) cases in PDGFRA exon 12 and 20 (5.7%) cases in PDGFRA 18, besides, no mutations of KIT and PDGFRA were detected in 51 (14.5%) cases. A total of 2 202 cases underwent operation, including 2 038 (92.6%) of radical resection and 164 (7.4%) of palliative resection. Among 2 038 patients undergoing radical resection, 450 (22.1%) cases were very low risk, 593 (29.1%) cases were low risk, 283 (13.9%) cases were moderate risk and 712 (34.9%) cases were high risk according to NIH risk classification. Of 995 patients with moderate and high risk, 550(55.3%) cases received postoperative imatinib adjuvant therapy, whose ratio in above 6 time stages was as follows: 0, 42.8%(12/28), 19.8%(20/101), 9.8% (21/215), 65.7% (176/268) and 85.6% (321/375). Of 206 relapse/metastasis patients, 200 (97.1%) cases received imatinib as the first-line therapy, and 22 (10.7%) received sunitinib as the second-line therapy. A total of 1 743 patients had complete follow-up data and median follow-up time was 35.9 (0.1 to 173.8) months. The 5-year overall survival rates in very low, low, moderate and high risk patients were 100%, 97%, 95% and 78% respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This retrospective study provides the largest data of GIST and indicates the historic changes of clinicopathological characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of GIST for further domestic GIST research.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , China , Combined Modality Therapy , Exons , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics , Imatinib Mesylate , Therapeutic Uses , Indoles , Therapeutic Uses , Liver Neoplasms , Mutation , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Pyrroles , Therapeutic Uses , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
15.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1412-1417, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505308

ABSTRACT

Objective To clarify the role of FLT3 signaling-dependent pulmonary conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) in the pathogenesis of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI),and as well as the modulation effects of cDCs in vivo on the inflammatory responses to acute lung injury.Methods Thirty C57BL/6 male mice were divided into normal control group,LPS group,FLT3L pretreatment group,lestaurtinib,(a high efficient and specific blocker in FLT3 signal pathway) pretreatment group and vehicle (DMSD) control group.FLT3L and lestaurtinib were administrated subcutaneously for 5 days.Murine model of ALI was subsequently established by intra-tracheal application of LPS and lung specimens were harvested 6 h or 24 h later.The accumulation and maturation of pulmonary cDCs were assessed by flow cytometry.IL-6 and TNF-α were quantified to evaluate lung inflammation.Lung injury was estimated by lung wet weight/body weight ratio (LWW/BW) and histopathological assessment.Lung myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity was measured to evaluate neutrophil infiltration.Transcription factors Tbet/GATA-3 mRNA ratio was determined to estimate balance of Th1/Th2 response.IFN-γ and IL-4 were quantified to evaluate Th1-specific and Th2-specific cytokine production respectively.Results The accumulation and maturation of pulmonary cDCs peaked at 6h after LPS challenge.FLT3L pretreatment significantly stimulated the accumulation and maturation of pulmonary cDCs (P < 0.05),leading to markedly deterioration of LWW/BW and lung histopathological changes.Meanwhile lung MPO activity and T-bet/GATA-3 mRNA ratio were elevated (P < 0.05).Furthermore,the production of IL-6,TNF-α and IFN-γwas markedly increased by FLT3L pretreatment (P < 0.05).In contrast,lestaurtinib pretreatment markedly inhibited the accumulation and maturation of pulmonary cDCs (P < 0.05),leading to significant improvement of LWW/BW and lung histopathological changes.Meanwhile lung MPO activity and T-bet/ GATA-3 mRNA ratio were decreased (P < 0.05).Furthermore lestaurtinib efficiently suppressed the production of IL-6,TNF-α and IFN-γ (P < 0.05).Conclusion This study thus demonstrated that FLT3 signaling-dependent pulmonary cDCs could control the initiation of acute lung inflammation response to LPS-induced ALI through the regulation of neutrophil infiltration and balance of Thl/Th2 response.

16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 534-538, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493322

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the regularity of expression changes in CD80 in peripheral blood, lung and splenic dendritic cells (DCs) in mice with acute lung injury (ALI) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and its correlation with lung inflammation. Methods Twelve C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into two groups, namely control group and ALI group, with 6 mice in each group. LPS (2 mg/kg) was intra-tracheal instilled in mice to reproduce ALI model, while the control mice received intra-tracheal administration of phosphate buffer saline (PBS) instead. The mice were sacrificed 6 hours after model reproduction, lung tissues were collected, and lung coefficient was calculated (lung wet weight/body weight ×100%). The pathological changes were examined under optical microscope after hematoxylin and eosin (HE) straining, the severity of lung injury was evaluated by the Smith score. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) level was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). After single-cell suspensions were isolated from the lung and spleen, the level of CD80 on DC in peripheral blood, lung and spleen was assessed by flow cytometry (FCM). The correlation between CD80 positive DC number and the severity of lung injury was analyzed by Spearman correlation method. Results Compared with control group, LPS-induced ALI resulted in a significant increase in lung coefficient [(0.67±0.04)% vs. (0.52±0.02)%, P 0.05]. In contrast, there were a low but significantly higher percentage of CD80 positive DCs in the lung and spleen in ALI group than that in control group [Lung: (9.6±2.5)% vs. (3.6±1.2)%, spleen: (25.2±4.7)% vs. (9.0±3.6)%, both P < 0.05]. It was shown by the Spearman correlation analyses that respiratory CD80 positive DCs number was significantly positively correlated with IL-6 level in the lung (r = 0.761, P = 0.042) and the Smith score (r = 0.752, P = 0.047). Conclusions There is a significantly higher percentage of CD80 positive DCs in the lung and spleen in ALI mice, and a significantly positively correlation between respiratory CD80 positive DCs number and IL-6 level in the lung or the Smith score, which suggests elevated expression of CD80 on dendritic cells seems to play an important role in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury.

17.
The Journal of Clinical Anesthesiology ; (12): 380-382, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486127

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether rat grimace scale (RGS)could be used to assess pain in chronic pancreatitis,so as to provide evidence for pain research and clinical assessment of rat pain.Methods Twenty-eight adult male wister rats were evenly randomized into two groups (n =14):an experimental group and a control group.The experimental group was intravenously given 8 mg/kg body weight dibutyltin dichloride (DBTC)to induce chronic pancreatitis,and the control group was injected with ethanol and glycerin solution.Abdominal hypersensitivity,RGS scores and weight at different time points was detected.HE staining was used to detect the histological changes of pancre-atic tissue.Results Compared with the control group,the rats in the experimental group showed chro-nic inflammation in pancreatic tissue in two weeks.There was a significant increase in the number of abdominal withdrawals (P < 0.001 )and RGS in the experimental group.Conclusion Rat grimace scale might lead to a successful transition of basic science findings into clinical application.

18.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 593-597, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476412

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of sedation with propofol or dexmedetomidine on volume responsiveness in critically ill patients with acute circulatory failure. Methods Ninety?one critically ill patients with acute circulatory failure, aged 20-90 yr, weighing 40-80 kg, requiring sedation with propofol or dexmedetomidine, of Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ scores 12-47, of Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores 1-18, and of NYHA Ⅰ or Ⅱ, were included. The patients were randomly divided into 2 groups using a random number table: propofol group ( n = 45 ) and dexmedetomidine group ( n=46) . Before and after propofol or dexmedetomidine sedation, when Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale score reached -2 or -1 ( BIS value 60-75) ( after sedation) , passive leg?raising (PLR) test was performed to evaluate volume responsiveness. An increase in cardiac index (ΔCI) ≥10% after PLR was considered to be a positive response, whereas ΔCI<10% after PLR was considered to be a negative response. The patients who presented with negative responses before sedation served as negative volume responsiveness subgroups ( N subgroups ) , that was PN subgroup and DN subgroup. Results The positive rates of volume responsiveness were 64% ( 14 cases) and 25% ( 5 cases) in PN and DN subgroups, respectively. The positive rates of volume responsiveness were significantly higher after sedation than before sedation in PN and DN subgroups. Compared with DN subgroup, the positive rates of volume responsiveness were significantly increased after sedation in PN subgroup. Conclusion For the critically ill patients with acute circulatory failure, both propofol and dexmedetomidine sedation can improve volume responsiveness, and propofol provides better efficacy than dexmedetomidine.

19.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 241-246, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471049

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the kinetics and phenotype of spleen dendritic cells (DC) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) mice.Methods Thirty-six C57BL/6 mice were randomly (random number) divided into two groups:control group and ALI group.Spleens were harvested at the following intervals of 6,12,and 24 h after LPS or PBS administration.Lung wet weight / body weight ratio (LW/BW) was recorded to assess lung injury.Meanwhile,pathological changes were examined under optical microscope.The IL-6 level in the lung was measured by using ELISA (enzymelinked immuno sorbent assay).The DC in the spleen was measured by flow cytometry (FCM).Results (1) LPS-ALI resulted in a significant increase in LW/BW ratio.(2) Histologically,extensive alveolar wall thickening resulted from edema,severe hemorrhage in the interstitium and alveolus,and marked and diffuse interstitial infiltration with inflammatory cells were observed in the ALI group.(3) Meanwhile,the levels of IL-6 in lung tissue were significantly increased in the LPS-induced ALI mice.(4) LPS-induced ALI led to divergent kinetics of spleen DC in ALI mice.In ALI mice,spleen DC only showed a transient increase at 12 h.(5) All DC within spleens had a modest maturation in ALI mice.Conclusions LPS-induced ALI provokes a transient increase as well as modest maturation of spleen DC.

20.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 48-54, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438986

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of sucralfate and acid-suppressive drugs on preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in mechanically ventilated patients.Methods All randomized controlled trials (RCTs),which studied the effect of sucralfate and acid-suppressive drugs on the incidence of VAP in mechanically ventilated patients,were searched from PubMed,Embase and the Cochrane Library during January 1966 to March 2013 via manual and computer retrieval.All related data were extracted.Meta analysis was conducted using the statistical software RevMan 5.2 and the quality of the RCTs was strictly evaluated with the methods recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration.Results A total of 15 RCTs involving 1315 patients in the sucralfate group and 1568 patients in the acid-suppressive drug group were included in this study.The incidence of VAP was significantly reduced in the sucralfate group (RR =0.81,95% CI 0.7-0.95,P =0.008),while no difference was found between the two groups in the incidence of stress-related gastrointestinal bleeding (RR =0.96,95% CI 0.59-1.58,P =0.88).No statistical difference was found in the days on ventilator,duration of ICU stay and ICU mortality in the two groups (all P values > 0.05).Conclusion In patients with mechanical ventilation,sucralfate could decrease the incidence of VAP,while has no such effect on the stress-related gastrointestinal bleeding,the days on ventilator,duration of ICU stay and ICU mortality.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL