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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932773

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the single purse-string parachute suturing technique for pancreaticojejunostomy in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy, and to determine its feasibility and safety.Methods:The clinical data of 71 patients who underwent laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy using the single purse-string parachute suturing technique for pancreaticojejunostomy from October 2018 to October 2021 at the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. There were 41 males and 30 females, with age (59.1±9.7) years old. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, complication rate and other data were analyzed.Results:All 71 patients successfully underwent total laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy, with 5 patients who underwent 2D laparoscopic surgery and 66 patients 3D laparoscopic surgery. There were additional vascular resection and reconstruction in 2 patients. The operative time was (388.9±92.9) min, the intraoperative blood loss was (411.3±176.9) ml, and the postoperative hospital stay was (14.1±5.8) d. The operation time of 71 patients who underwent the single purse-string parachute technique of pancreaticojejunostomy was (26.9±6.8) min. Postoperative complications occurred in 18 patients (25.4%). Grade B pancreatic fistula occurred in 2 patients (2.8%), and the longest time for removal of abdominal drain was 17 days after operation. Among the 71 patients, complications including biliary fistula occurred in 6 patients (8.5%), delayed gastric emptying in 5 patients (7.0%), pulmonary infection in 4 patients (5.6%), non-pancreatic fistula-related abdominal infection in 4 patients (5.6%), non-pancreatic fistula-related abdominal bleeding in 1 patient (1.4%), biliary tract bleeding in 1 patient (1.4%), and chylous leakage in 2 patients (2.8%).Conclusion:The single purse-string parachute technique of pancreaticojejunostomy in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy had the advantages of being safe and reliable. The procedure is worthy of furthers promotion.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873627

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the use of harmonic scalpel to harvest bilateral internal mammary artery in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods    The clinical data of 54 patients of bilateral skeletonized internal mammary artery harvesting for CABG in our hospital from January 2016 to May 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 51 males and 3 females with a mean age of 62.37±9.56 years. Results    All patients went through the procedure unevently and discharged from hospital. The number of grafts was 4.07±0.85 per patient, the operation time was 267.21±47.00 min, mechanical ventilation time was 342.43±132.17 min and hospital stay was 12.21±4.43 d. Conclusion    It is safe and effective to use harmonic scalpel to harvest skeletonized bilateral internal mammary artery in CABG.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847539

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous studies show that the amount and diffusion degree of bone cement In vertebroplasty have some Influence on the postoperative recovery of patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture, but there are few reports about the correlation between the amount and diffusion degree of bone cement In vertebroplasty and the recovery of vertebral body. OBJECTIVE: To Investigate the relationships between the effect of percutaneous vertebroplasty on osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures and the Injection amount and dispersion degree of bone cement. METHODS: Totally 102 osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture patients (109 vertebrae) who received treatment in the Sanya Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2017 to August 2018, including 42 males and 60 females at the age of 52-76 years, were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received percutaneous vertebroplasty. According to the Injection amount of bone cement, they were divided into two groups: observation group 1 (Injection > 4 mL, n=57) and control group 1 (injection ≤ 4 mL, n=45). According to the degree of dispersion of bone cement, they were divided into two groups: observation group 2 (filling rate > 15%, n=61) and control group 2 (filling rate > 15%, n=41). Visual analogue scale score, Oswestry disability index, anterior vertebral height, Cobb angle, and the occurrence of cement leakage were observed before and after surgery. The correlations of the Injection amount and dispersion degree of bone cement with the height of vertebral body recovered were analyzed. This study was approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Sanya Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The visual analogue scale score and Oswestry dysfunction index of patients in the observation group 1 and control group 1 at 3 days after operation were decreased compared with before operation (P 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of cement leakage between observation group 2 and control group 2 (P > 0.05). (4) The height of vertebral body recovery was positively correlated with the Injection amount and dispersion degree of bone cement (P < 0.05). (5) The results suggest that increases of the Injection amount and dispersion degree of bone cement properly can alleviate the pain, improve the mobility, correct the deformity of vertebral posterior concave, and restore the height of vertebral body of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture patients. The Injection amount and dispersion degree of bone cement are positively correlated with the recovery height of vertebral body.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923651

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of low-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on post-stroke upper limb spasticity and its mechanism. Methods From September, 2015 to December, 2017, 23 patients with post-stroke upper limb paralysis were randomly divided into control group (n=13) and experimental group (n=10). Both groups received routine rehabilitation, and the experimental group received 1 Hz rTMS at primary motor area (M1) for eight weeks. They were assessed with modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), modified Barthel Index (MBI) and Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE) before and after treatment, while the activation under fMRI in the task state was observed and the laterality index (LI) was calculated. Results The scores of MAS, FMA-UE and MBI improved after treatment in both groups (Z>2.121, t=6.248, P<0.05), and improved more in the experimental group than in the control group (Z>2.084, t=-2.095, P<0.05). The ipsilateral M1, ipsilateral sensory motor cortex and bilateral supplementary motor area were activated more in the control group than in the experimental group during the movement of affected hand. LI in the M1 increased after treatment in both groups (Z>2.366, P<0.05), and was more in the experimental group than in the control group (Z=-2.430, P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between the change of LI in the M1 and the improvement of the MAS and FMA-UE (r>0.612, P<0.05). Conclusion Low-frequency rTMS may improve the motor function and spasticity of upper limb after stroke by promoting reorganization of the cortex and inducing normalization of cortical function.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914281

ABSTRACT

Our previous works disclosed the contributing role of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and dopaminergic inhibition by lysine dimethyltransferase G9a/Glp complex in peripheral nerve injury-induced hypersensitivity. We herein propose that the proinflammatory cytokine MIF participates in the regulation of neuropathic hypersensitivity by interacting with and suppressing the descending dopaminergic system. The lumbar spinal cord (L-SC) and ventral tegmental area (VTA) are two major locations with significant upregulation of MIF after chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve, and they display time-dependent changes, along with a behavioral trajectory. Correspondingly, dopamine (DA) content shows the reverse characteristic change to MIF with a time-dependent curve in post-surgical behavior. The levels of both MIF and DA are reversed by the MIF tautomerase inhibitor ISO-1, and a negative relationship exists between MIF and DA. The reversed role of ISO-1 also affects tyrosine hydroxylase expression. Furthermore, CCI induces Th promoter CpG site methylation in the L-SC and VTA areas, and this effect could be abated by ISO-1 administration. G9a/SUV39H1 and H3K9me2/H3K9me3 enrichment within the Th promoter region following CCI in the L-SC and VTA was also decreased by ISO-1. In cultured dopaminergic neurons, rMIF enhanced the recruitment of G9a and SUV39H1, followed by an increase in H3K9me2/H3K9me3. These molecular changes correspondingly exhibited alterations in Th promoter CpG site methylation and pain behaviors. In summary, MIF functions as a braking factor in curbing dopaminergic descending inhibition in peripheral nerve injury-induced hypersensitivity by mediating Th gene methylation through G9a/SUV39H1-associated H3K9 methylation.

6.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 515-517, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696848

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the diagnostic value of branchial cleft fistula with CT and(or)MRI.Methods CT and(or)MRI findings of 33 cases of branchial cleft fistula were collected and analyzed retrospectively.Results Branchial cleft fistula were divided into four types namely first,second,third and fourth according to its origin with each type having its own corresponding CT and MRI features.Among the 33 cases,7 cases (21%)were first branchial cleft fistula,which originated from external auditory meatus and the parotid gland.These lesions presented as a tubular structure around the ear,sometimes invading the facial nerve,causing facial nerve symptoms.1 8 cases (5 5 %)were second branchial cleft fistula,and were presented as tubular ones in the anterior triangle area of the neck or along the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.8 cases (24%)were third or fourth branchial cleft fistula,which were difficult to differentiate,both of them originated from pyriform sinus and partly penetrated the thyroid.Conclusion CT and(or) MRI could show the location and range of the lesion clearly,making it valuable for diagnosis of branchial cleft fistula.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667539

ABSTRACT

Objective To review our experience in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy combined with major vascular resection and reconstruction.Methods Of 183 patients who underwent laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy in our department from November 2013 to January 2017,major vascular resection and reconstruction using the SMA first approach for total mesopancreas excision was performed in 7 patients.The clinical data of these 7 patients were retrospectively analyzed.Results Total 3D laparoscopic surgery was performed in all these 7 patients.The mean operation time,mean blood loss and blood flow occlusion time were (551.4 ± 83.8) min,(671.3 ± 256.3) ml and (45.8 ± 6.7) min,respectively.Six out of 7 patients were pathologically diagnosed to have pancreatic adenocarcinoma with negative surgical margins.Two patients had lymphatic metastasis (the number of metastatic lymph node was 1 in each patient).The mean number of lymph nodes resected was (12.7 ± 5.8).The portal vein-superior mesenteric vein (PV-SMV) was segmentally resected and reconstructed using an end to end anastomosis following the preoperative plan in 4 patients.These included 2 patients who underwent total pancreatectomy.The portal vein was wedge-resected and reconstructed by venorrhaphy in 2 patients.The remaining 1 patient was histopathologically diagnosed to have a mass-type chronic pancreatitis.Only 1 patient was treated in the ICU for 1 day after surgery.Post-operative complications occurred in 2 patients and they were managed with nonsurgical treatment (PV-SMV thrombosis and gastric emptying disorder in 1 and a pancreatic leakage (level A) in 1).The mean length of post-operative hospital stay was (13.7 ± 3.2) days with no in-hospital mortality.Seven patients were alive by April 2017.The mean follow-up for the 6 patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma was 4.5 (3.5 ~9) months.Conclusions Based on our experience in skillful and masterly major vascular resection and reconstruction in open surgery and on our experience in standard laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy,laparoscopic pancreatieoduodenectomy combined with major vascular resection and reconstruction was feasible and safe.This surgery requires very mature skills in laparoscopic surgery.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659904

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes of hemodynamics in acute kidney injury (AKI) after acute severe Stanford type A aortic dissection.Methods Forty patients with acute Stanford A type aortic dissection were enrolled.Arterial peak systolic velocity (PSV),end diastolic velocity (EDV),pulsative index (PI),resistive index (RI),Serum creatinine (SCr) and urine volume were recorded and measured 1 day before operation,immediately after operation (enter the intensive care unit),6 h after operation,24 h after operation and 48 h after operation.Patients were divided into AKI group and non-AKI.group taking AKIN as a standard.Results Twenty-seven patients were in AKI group and 13 were in non-AKI group.The EDV,PI and RI had significantly differences between AKI group and non-AKI group at 6 h,24 h after operation.Correlation analysis showed that EDV negatively correlated with SCr (r=-0.508,P=0.001),while PI,RI positively correlated with SCr (r=0.411,0.443,P=0.009,0.005).Conclusion EDV,PI and RI in the interlobular arteries can be used to predict AKI early in the interosseous arteries,and the optimal time for ultrasonic measurement of renal arterial hemodynamics to predict is at 6 h and 24 h after operation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657628

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes of hemodynamics in acute kidney injury (AKI) after acute severe Stanford type A aortic dissection.Methods Forty patients with acute Stanford A type aortic dissection were enrolled.Arterial peak systolic velocity (PSV),end diastolic velocity (EDV),pulsative index (PI),resistive index (RI),Serum creatinine (SCr) and urine volume were recorded and measured 1 day before operation,immediately after operation (enter the intensive care unit),6 h after operation,24 h after operation and 48 h after operation.Patients were divided into AKI group and non-AKI.group taking AKIN as a standard.Results Twenty-seven patients were in AKI group and 13 were in non-AKI group.The EDV,PI and RI had significantly differences between AKI group and non-AKI group at 6 h,24 h after operation.Correlation analysis showed that EDV negatively correlated with SCr (r=-0.508,P=0.001),while PI,RI positively correlated with SCr (r=0.411,0.443,P=0.009,0.005).Conclusion EDV,PI and RI in the interlobular arteries can be used to predict AKI early in the interosseous arteries,and the optimal time for ultrasonic measurement of renal arterial hemodynamics to predict is at 6 h and 24 h after operation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497128

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the short-term-outcome of MVP in the treatment of moderate IMR patients with CABG.Methods Data from 129 patients with moderate IMR who underwent surgical treatment in our department from June 2007 to September 2011,57 patients(44.2%) underwent CABG combined with MVP,and 72 patients(55.8%) underwent CABG.Postoperative follow-up of patients with heart function NYHA grade to evaluate the clinical status of patients,with LVESD,LVEF,LVEDD to evaluate the reverse of left ventricular remodeling;The postoperative residual mitral regurgitation and major cardiac cerebral vascular events were recorded.Results There was no significant difference between two groups in the preoperative data(P > 0.05).The mortality rate was 3.9% (5 cases),2 cases (2.8 %) died in CABG group,3 cases (5.3 %) died in the combined surgery group.The average follow-up was 24 months,9 cases of late death (5 in CABG group,4 in CABG + MVP group),the cumulative survival rate(P =0.645) and the major cardiovascular events(P =0.761) of the two groups were not statistically different.The degree of mitral regurgitation(P < 0.01) was significantly decreased in the combined surgery group.Compared with the preoperative state,the two groups of left ventricular remodeling indicators such as LVESD,LVEF,LVEDD were significantly improved(P <0.05),but the difference between two groups was not significant(P >0.05).NYHA heart function classification was significantly improved (P < 0.001).Conclusion MVP can effectively improve the reverse flow of patients with moderate IMR,but CABG combined with MVP can not bring more benefits in the reversal of left ventricular remodeling,short-term survival and cardiac function.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494153

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the efficacy of acupotomy treatment for the stenosing tenovaginitis of flexor digitorum.Methods Articles about RCTs of acupotomy treatment and local blocking for the treatment of stenosing tenovaginitis of flexor digitorum were retrieved from CBM, CNKI, VIP, Wanfang database, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library. And then according to the requirement of Cochrane Handbook for Systemetic Reviews 5.1.0, two reviewers independently chose tests, extracted data, had a cross check, accessed methodological qualities and finally used RevMan 5.3 software for Meta analysis. The total effective rate, cure rate and improvement rate of acupotomy treatment and local blocking in treating stenosing tenovaginitis of flexor digitorum were assessed by using odds ratio (OR).Results Totally 10 articles involving 1426 cases were included. The cure rate in acupotomy treatment group was higher than that of local blocking group [OR=13.11 (95% CI: 8.23–20.89),Z=10.83 (P<0.000 01)], funnel plot Begg’s testP=0.858, Egger’s testP=0.579; the improvement rate of local blocking rate was higher than that of acupotomy treatment group [OR=0.14 (95% CI: 0.10–0.19),Z=11.60 (P<0.000 01)], funnel plot Begg’s test P=1.000, Egger’s testP=0.926; the total effective rate of acupotomy treatment group was higher than that of local blocking group [OR=18.26 (95% CI: 9.95–33.50),Z=9.38 (P<0.000 01)], funnel plot Begg’s testP=0.592, Egger’s testP=0.936.Conclusion Acupotomy treatment for stenosing tenovaginitis of flexor digitorum is superior to local blocking injection. However, the quality of the RCTs is low, so more large-sample, multi-center, and high-quality clinical RCTs are required for further verification.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469385

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the early and mid-term efficacy of endoscopic vein harvesting(EVH) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) in patients over 70 years old.Methods Patients' data of CABG were analyzed retrospectively in General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region from June 2011 to January 2013.400 patients were enrolled in the study according to the inclusion criteria.All patients were divided into two groups by the method of harvesting great saphenous vein (GSV):EVH group (n =200) and open vein harvesting(OVH) group(n =200).Each group was divided into two subgroups:group A(age≥70 years old) and group B (age < 70 years old).The number of the group A was 85 in the EVH group and 79 in the OVH group.The number of the group B was 115 in the EVH group and 121 in the OVH group.The intraoperative findings,the quality of GSV and postoperative pain were evaluated,patients were followed up regularly after discharge.Results The postoperative complications occurred in the EVH group such as numbness and edema of lower limb in group A reduced greatly compared with group B(P < 0.05).However,in the OVH group,there were no great difference in group A and group B(P > 0.05) besides the postoperative pain (P < 0.05).Conclusion The early and mid-term efficacy of EVH undergoing CABG is satisfied,especially in the patients over 70 years old.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483725

ABSTRACT

The Balanced Score card ( BSC) is a new set of performance measurement and strategic management tools. Based on the basic theory of BSC, and on the basis of establishing the basic framework for performance evaluation of four dimensions, namely satisfaction, financial, internal operation, and growth and development, this paper systematically designs specific evaluation indexes from the 4 dimensions in order to construct the performance evaluation index system for catastrophic disease insurance. The objective of this study is to provide a more scientific and reasonable reference for the operational performance evaluation of catastrophic disease insurance offered to urban and rural residents.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479805

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the difference of standard tangential field and multiple fileld radiotherapy in axillary lymph node after conserving surgery,to provide a reference for clinical treatment.Methods 20 cases of left breast cancer patients were selected,all patients underwent breast -conserving surgery,postoperative radiothera-py.All patients used standard radiotherapy wild tangent based and reverse -intensity modulated radiation therapy optimization.Armpit I,Ⅱ lymph nodes were used to calculate the extent of coverage of the original plan,target dose uniformity HI,dose conformal CI,dosimetric parameters were calculated.Results Under standard tangential field irradiation,I stand mean dose was (33.95 ±8.24)Gy,which was significantly higher than Ⅱ station (22.13 ± 6.67)Gy,and V50,V45,V40 were (22.45 ±6.32)%,(39.83 ±7.54)%,(49.65 ±8.31)%,which were higher than Ⅱ stand,I stand irradiation was significantly more,the differences were statistically significant (t =5.632,P =0.009;t =7.214,P =0.000;t =8.954,P =0.000;t =6.121,P =0.002).The whole breast irradiation armpit IMRT plan,19 patients (95.00%)reached 95% by volume APTV≥50Gy,coverage was better;but HI,CI were (1.11 ± 0.03),(1.36 ±0.07)respectively,which were significantly worse than the standard wild tangent,the differences were statistically significant (t =6.584,P =0.001;t =9.144,P =0.000).Under Hatano IMRT irradiation ipsilateral lung,heart suffered an average dose of (1 694.58 ±102.31)cGy,(645.54 ±74.44)cGy,which were significantly more than the standard tangential field irradiation,the differences were statistically significant (t =7.654,P =0.000;t =6.654,P =0.001).Conclusion Standard tangential field irradiation has poor coverage in Ⅱ axillary lymph node station,irradiation intensity modulated radiation has better coverage,but significantly increased the dose to normal tissues.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471028

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions of toll-like receptor 4 mRNA and nuclear factor-κB (TLR4-NF-κB) mRNA in lung tissue of rats with acute paraquat poisoning.Methods Thirty male SD rats were randomly divided into two groups,namely normal saline group (NS group,n =6) and the PQ groups (n =24).The rats of PQ group were administered with 20 mg/kg PQ by intraperitoneal injection to establish the models of PQ induced lung injury.The saline was administered once instead in normal saline group.The rats of PQ group were sacrificed separately at 6 h,12 h,24 h,48 h and 72 hours after modeling,while at 6 hours the rats of normal saline group was sacrificed.The expressions of TLR4 mRNA,NF-κB mRNA,and the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 in lung (serum) of rats were detected.Meanwhile,pathological changes of the lung tissue were examined under optical microscope.Results There were no histopathological changes such as alveolar edema,hemorrhage and inflammatory cell infiltration found in NS group other than in PQ group.At the 72 h,the expressions of TLR4 mRNA (9.61 ±0.21),NF-κB mRNA (5.62 ± 0.24),and the levels of TNF-α (153.08 ± 5.02) pg/ml,and interleukin-6 (230.08 ± 10.64) pg/mL in lung tissue of rats were significantly higher in PQ group than those in control group (P < 0.01).Conclusions In rats after PQ poisoning,the expressions of TLR4 mRNA,NF-κB mRNA,and the levels of TNF-αand IL-6 were higher than those in normal rats,and the TLR4-NF-κB pathway could play an important role in lung injury of rats with PQ poisoning.

16.
Chinese Health Economics ; (12): 17-19, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451158

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the measures of raising funds and controlling costs for serious illness insurance. Methods: Using Chinese Life Insurance as case study to analyze the dilemma and causes of the insurance company to carry out the serious illness insurance business. Results: Practice of more than 1 year shows that , whether raise funds or control costs of medical care, the construction of a new mechanism and new measures are in urgent needs under the background of wide losses in serious illness insurance. Conclusion: Since the financing channels is single and financing level is low, it is necessary to aim at “raising the level of financing, broadening the financing channels” to regulate construction financing mechanism. According to the high rapid of medical expenses growth situation, it is needed to start from reforming the property right structure of hospital, reform the medicine circulation mode, pricing mechanism, reform of pay system and so on, to control medical cost and improve efficiency in the use of funds.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749220

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and surgical management of petrous bone cholesteatoma.@*METHOD@#The data of 12 patients who underwent surgery for petrous bone cholesteatoma(PBC) were retrospectively analyzed with respects to the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and management.@*RESULT@#Seven cases were characterized by a long otitis media history, severe hearing loss, and facial paralysis. In contrast, 5 cases were characterized with the symptoms of facial paralysis, hearing loss and vertigo attack and the absence of early otorrhea history. Trans labyrinth approach was chosen for 2 cases,while trans labyrinth-cochlear approach for 10. Cochlea was involved in 10 cases, while internal auditory canal in 9 and semicircular canal in 11. Otoscope was used in 1 case. Four patients were treated by partial resection of petrous apex and ear canal closure with good results. After years of follow-up, three recurrence cases were operated for a second time. Simultaneous facial nerve anastomosis or decompression was performed. The function of facial nerve recovered from V-VI to Ill-IV (House and Brackmann grading) in 6 anastomosis cases and from IV-V to II- IlI in 3 cases of decompression.@*CONCLUSION@#Petrous bone cholesteatoma was characterized by severe hearing loss, and facial paralysis. Surgical approaches are decided according to the extent of lesion and hearing status. Our study indicated that otoscope would help to ensure a radical removal of the pathology in cases with deep involvement and restricted vision. Partial resection of petrous bone and ear canal closure could be effective solution for challenging cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea with large dural defects and protecting vital neurovascular structures.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Cholesteatoma , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Petrous Bone , Pathology , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
18.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 113-114, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438620

ABSTRACT

Exchange maintenance methods of Hitachi electron microscope H-600 faults, master the workflow of vacuum system, and improve maintenance level together. Analyzed some cases of troubleshooting to Hitachi electron microscope H-600, collected troubleshooting skills, and gives related solutions.

19.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 62(3): 318-324, maio-jun. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-626508

ABSTRACT

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A hipotensão materna associada à raquianestesia no parto cesáreo é a complicação mais frequente e problemática, com sérios riscos para a mãe e comprometimento do bem-estar neonatal. Nesse contexto, o volume efetivo de cristaloides por via intravenosa como uma estratégia de prevensão ainda não foi estimado. MÉTODOS: Oitenta e cinco parturientes com estado físico ASA I/II submetidas à cesariana seletiva foram selecionadas e 67 mulheres elegíveis foram designadas para receber uma pré-carga de cristaloides com 2 mL de bupivacaína hiperbárica a 0,5% (10 mg) mais 50 µg de morfina. O volume de cristaloides foi determinado por um método sequencial up-and-down. Os cristaloides foram infundidos a uma taxa de 100 a 150 mL.min-1 antes da anestesia espinal. O volume inicial de cristaloides foi de 5 mL.kg-1. Os dados do efeito do volume foram ajustados para o modelo sigmoidal de máxima eficácia e a mediana do volume efetivo (VE50) e seu intervalo de confiança (IC) de 95% foram calculados usando a estimativa de máxima verossimilhança e a regressão logística de Firth corrigida. RESULTADOS: Sessenta e sete parturientes completaram o estudo e foram analisadas. Vinte e oito pacientes (41,8%) desenvolveram hipotensão, com queda da pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) superior a 20% do valor basal. O VE50 de cristaloides foi de 12,6 mL.kg-1 (IC 95%, 11,6 a 14,8 mL.kg-1). Com a correção de Firth, a probabilidade conjunta do volume efetivo de cristaloides a 13 mL.kg-1 foi de 50,2% (IC 95%, 30,0% a 83,1%). CONCLUSÕES: O VE50 estimado da pré-carga de cristaloides necessário para prevenir a hipotensão induzida por anestesia espinhal em parto cesáreo é de 13 mL.kg-1 (valor aproximado). Porém, a profilaxia ou terapia com vasoconstritores também deve ser preparada e administrada no momento oportuno.


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Spinal anesthesia-associated maternal hypotension in Cesarean delivery is the most frequent and troublesome complication, posing serious risks to mothers and compromising neonatal well-being. The effective volume of intravenous crystalloid as the preventive strategy in this context has not been estimated. METHODS: Eighty-five parturients with ASA physical status I/II undergoing elective Cesarean delivery were screened and 67 eligible women were assigned to receive pre-spinal crystalloid loading. Hyperbaric 0.5% bupivacaine 2 mL (10 mg) plus morphine 50 µg was given to all patients. The volume of crystalloid was determined by an up-and-down sequential method. The crystalloid was infused at a rate of 100-150 mL.min-1 prior to the spinal anesthetic injection. The initial volume of crystalloid was 5 mL.kg-1. Volume-effect data were fitted to a sigmoidal maximum efficacy model and the median effective volume (EV50) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were estimated using maximum likelihood estimation and logistic regression with Firth's correction. RESULTS: A total of 67 subjects completed the study and were analyzed. Twenty-eight (41.8%) patients developed hypotension with their systolic blood pressure (SBP) decreasing > 20% of baseline. The EV50 of crystalloid were 12.6 mL.kg-1 (95% CI, 11.6 to 14.8 mL.kg-1). With Firth's correction, the pooled probability of an effective preventive volume of crystalloid at 13 mL.kg-1 was 50.2% (95% CI, 30% to 83.1%). CONCLUSIONS: The estimated EV50 of the preloaded crystalloid required to prevent spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension in a Cesarean section is, approximately, 13 mL.kg-1. However, prophylactic or therapeutic vasoconstrictors should also be prepared and administered at an appropriate time.


JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: La hipotensión materna asociada a la raquianestesia en el parto por cesárea es la complicación más común y problemática, acarreando serios riesgos para la madre y para el compromiso del bienestar neonatal. En ese contexto, el volumen efectivo de cristaloides por vía intravenosa como una estrategia de prevención todavía no ha sido estimado. MÉTODOS: Fueron elegidas ochenta y cinco parturientes con estado físico ASA I/II sometidas a la cesárea selectiva, y 67 mujeres elegibles fueron designadas para recibir una precarga de cristaloides con 2 mL de bupivacaína hiperbárica al 0,5% (10 mg) más 50 µg de morfina. El volumen de cristaloides quedó determinado por un método secuencial up-and-down. Los cristaloides fueron administrados a una tasa de 100 a 150 mL.min-1 antes de la anestesia espinal. El volumen inicial de cristaloides fue de 5 mL.kg-1. Los datos del efecto del volumen se ajustaron para el modelo sigmoidal de máxima eficacia y la mediana del volumen efectivo (VE50). El intervalo de confianza (IC) de 95% fue calculado usando la estimación de máxima verosimilitud y la regresión logística de Firth para la corrección. RESULTADOS: Sesenta y siete parturientes completaron el estudio y fueron analizadas. Veinte y ocho pacientes (41,8%) desarrollaron hipotensión, con una caída de presión arterial sistólica (PAS) superior al 20% del valor basal. El VE50 de cristaloides fue de 12,6 mL.kg-1 (IC 95%, 11,6 a 14,8 mL.kg-1). Con la corrección de Firth, la probabilidad conjunta del volumen efectivo de cristaloides a 13 mL.kg-1 fue de 50,2% (IC 95%, 30,0% a 83,1%). CONCLUSIONES: El VE50 estimado de la precarga de cristaloides necesario para prevenir la hipotensión inducida por anestesia espinal en el parto por cesárea es de 13 mL.kg-1 (valor aproximado). Sin embargo, la profilaxis o terapia con vasoconstrictores también debe ser preparada y administrada en el momento oportuno.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section/instrumentation , Hypotension/complications , Anesthesia, Spinal/instrumentation , Bupivacaine/administration & dosage , Morphine/administration & dosage
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281670

ABSTRACT

Sinacalia davidii (Franch) Koyama. grows only in China, its chemical constituents have never been studied before. The compounds were isolated by column chromatography on silica gel and Sephadex LH-20, and the structures were identified on spectroscopic data (MS, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR). Six compounds were isolated from S. davidii, and were characterized as p-sitosterol (1), 3-oxo-2alpha, 23-dihydroxy-olean-12-en-28-oic acid (2), 28-hydroxy-olean-12-en-3, 11-dione (3), 3beta-methoxy-olean-11-oxo-18-ene (4), luteolin (5) and 2alpha-hydroxy-ursolic acid (6). All the six compounds above were isolated from S. davidii for the first time.


Subject(s)
Asteraceae , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Mass Spectrometry , Organic Chemicals
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