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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882875

ABSTRACT

Objective:The clinical manifestations, types of gene mutations, therapeutic effects and prognostic characteristics of 15 children with cblC type methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) and hydrocephalus were analyzed to improve the clinical understanding of the disease, so as to provide a basis for the treatment of the disease.Methods:From April 2015 to January 2019, 15 patients with MMA and hydrocephalus in Department of Pediatric Surgery, Peking University First Hospital were enrolled, and all gene detection showed clbC type.All the 15 patients underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt.After surgery, the clinical manifestations and imaging findings were applied as the basis to adjust the pressure of the diverter valve appropriately.Clinical data and gene mutation characteristics of 15 children with cblC type and hydrocephalus were retrospectively analyzed, and the therapeutic effects and prognosis were summarized and analyzed as well.Results:There were 8 males (53.3%) and 7 females (46.7%), aged from 2 to 33 months.All the cases were followed up from 11 to 55 months, without death case and serious postoperative complications of hydroce-phalus.The head circumference of 3 cases (20.0%) was in the normal range, 1 case (6.7%) was greater than the normal range, and 11 cases (73.3%) were less than the normal range.Four patients (26.7%) were transferred to the pediatric intensive care unit after surgery.c.609G>A mutation was the most common in this study, with 7 cases (46.7%) of c. 609G>A homozygous mutation, and 5 cases (33.3%) of c. 609G>A heterozygous mutation.Clinical symptoms of intracranial hypertension were relieved or disappeared.The head circumference progressive enlargement was stopped.The anterior fontanelle tension greatly decreased, all " setting-sun" sign of eyes disappeared, and vision loss and hearing loss were better compared with the pre-operation.Four cases (26.7%) displayed normal intelligence and exercise, and 11 cases (73.3%) were left with mild to severe psychomotor retardation.During the follow-up pe-riod, the head CT showed that the ventricle was remarkably narrowed, and interstitial brain edema obviously improved.Conclusions:Ventriculoperitoneal shunt in the treatment of cblC type MMA with hydrocephalus has positive effects.The head circumference of most cblC type MMA with hydrocephalus is less than the normal range.c.609 G>A is the most common mutation in cblC type MMA with hydrocephalus.Perioperative " metabolic crisis" can result in serious complications.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882810

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the therapeutic effect of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for dystonia.Methods:Detailed clinical information and peripheral blood of children with dystonia at Peking University First Hospital from April 2017 to July 2020 were collected.The motor scores of Burke-Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale were recorded of the dystonia before and after the treatment of DBS.Whole-exome sequencing was performed on children with dystonia.Then the effect of DBS was evaluated.Results:A total of 32 cases of patients with dystonia treated with DBS were enrolled, including 16 males and 16 females.Twelve cases were treated with globus pallidus internus DBS, and 20 cases were treated with subthalamic nucleus DBS.Twenty cases (62.5%) with pathogenic gene mutations were detected.Pathogenic variants in PANK2 (9 cases), KMT2B(3 cases), GNAO1 (2 cases), GCDH (2 cases), PINK1(1 case), NDUFAF6(1 case), DYT27(1 case) and ADCY5(1 case) were found.The follow-up period was 1 month to 3 years and 8 months.Only 1 case had local infection due to improper home care.The postoperative improvement was 5.66%-95.92%. Conclusions:All patients have a certain degree of relief after DBS without obvious adverse reactions.DBS is an effective treatment for pediatric dystonia.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922023

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of down-regulating miR-488 targeting Jag1 on the injury of hypoxia-reoxygenation myocardial H9c2 cells.@*METHODS@#A hypoxic-reoxygenated myocardial H9c2 cell injury model was constructed. miR-488 inhibitor was used to transfect the cells. CCK-8 method and flow cytometry were used to detect cell proliferation and apoptosis in each group. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malonaldehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT) levels were detected. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of Bcl-2 associated X Protein (Bax) and B cell lymphoma/lewkmia-2 (Bcl-2). Target genes of miR-488 were predicted, and a luciferase reporter system was used to verify the targeting relationship between the two. Myocardial H9c2 cells were co-transfected with miR-488 inhibitor and Jag1 siRNA, and treated with hypoxia and reoxygenation, cell proliferation, apoptosis, LDH, SOD, MDA, CAT levels, and Bax, Bcl-2 protein expression were detected.@*RESULTS@#The expression of miR-488 in the hypoxia-reoxygenated myocardial H9c2 cells was increased, along with reduced cell proliferation, increased apoptosis, increased Bax protein expression, decreased Bcl-2 protein expression, increased MDA, decreased CAT and SOD, and increased LDH level in the supernatant of cell culture. When myocardial H9c2 cells were transfected with miR-488 inhibitor and treated with hypoxia and reoxygenation, the expression of miR-488 was decreased, along with increased cell proliferation, decreased apoptosis, decreased Bax protein expression, increased Bcl-2 protein expression, decreased MDA, increased CAT and SOD, and decreased LDH level in the supernatant of cell culture. Down-regulation of miR-488 could target and down-regulate Jag1 expression. And Jag1 siRNA could reverse the effect of miR-488 inhibitor on the proliferation, apoptosis, LDH, SOD, MDA, CAT levels and the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 of hypoxic-reoxygenated myocardial H9c2 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Down-regulating miR-488 targeted Jag1 can attenuate hypoxia-reoxygenation induced myocardial H9c2 cell injury.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/genetics , Down-Regulation , Humans , Hypoxia/genetics , Jagged-1 Protein/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Myocytes, Cardiac
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864077

ABSTRACT

In the past 30 years, with the advancement of functional neurosurgery, neuroelectrophysiology and neuroimaging, deep brain stimulation (DBS), as a new tool for the treatment of dyskinesia, has been considered to have underwent the fastest development in this field.Many patients with dyskinesias have significantly improved their main clinical symptoms after treatment with DBS, some of the improvement are even dramatic.Due to its minimally invasive characteristics, reversibility and adjustability, DBS therapy has been increasingly used in the treatment of dystonia in children.Hereditary dystonia is the most common type of dyskinesia in children, and there is no effective treatment yet.Recently, some dyskinesia at home and abroad centers have carried out DBS treatment for pediatric hereditary dystonia and achieved some encouraging results.Now, the effect of DBS in the treatment of hereditary dystonia in children and the main process of DBS treatment were mainly discussed, and shared the experience based on the clinical practices of Multidisciplinary Collaborative Diagnosis and Treatment Center for Children′s Motor Disorders, Peking University First Hospital.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827761

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect and mechanism of miR-125a-5p targeted regulation of scavenger receptor B1 (Scarb1) gene on anoxia/reoxygenation injury of rat cardiomyocytes.@*METHODS@#H9c2 rat cardiomyocytes were randomly divided into blank control group, hypoxia/reoxygenation group, transfection control group and mir-125a-5p transfection group. The expression of miR-125a-5p, cardiomyocyte viability, apoptosis rate, ATP content and the expression of Scarb1, Cyt C, Bax, Bcl-2 and NF-κB signaling pathway related proteins were determined. Target gene of miR-125a-5p was predicted with Targetscan software, and the targeting of miR-125a-5p on Scarb1 was verified by double luciferase reporter gene experiment.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank control group, the expression of miR-125a-5p, Bax, Cyt C and the apoptotic rate of cardiomyocytes in the hypoxia/reoxygenation group were significantly increased (P<0.05), while the expression of Scarb1, Bcl-2 and the content of ATP were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the situation of mir-125a-5p transfection group was just the opposite. Double luciferase reporter gene experiment has confirmed Scarb1 to be the target of miR-125a-5p. Hypoxia/reoxygenation can promote the expression of NF-κB p65, C-myc and Cyclin D1 in cardiomyocytes, while down-regulating the expression of miR-125a-5p can inhibit the expression of such proteins.@*CONCLUSION@#Hypoxia/reoxygenation can induce the expression of miR-125a-5p in rat cardiomyocytes. Inhibition of miR-125a-5p can protect cardiomyocytes from hypoxia/reoxygenation by up-regulating the expression of Scarb1. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1874-1879, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823359

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of Purple frute scens leaves polysaccharides (PPLPs)on oxidative stress and PI3K/AKT/GLUT4 signaling pathway of pancreatic tissues in diabetes mellitus (DM)model mice. METHODS :Totally 60 mice were given intraperitoneal injection of STZ (60 mg/kg)to induce DM model. The 40 successful modeling mice were randomly divided into model group ,metformin group (positive control ,200 mg/kg),PPLPs high-dose and low-dose groups (400,200 mg/kg),with 10 mice in each group. Another 10 healthy mice were selected as the normal group (normal saline ). They were given relevant medicine intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 28 days. During the experiment ,general information and body weight of mice were observed ;oral glucose tolerance (OGTT)test(determining FBG at 0,30,60,120 min after giving 40% glucose solution )was conducted. After last medication ,the changes of related blood glucose indexes (FBG,FINS,ISI,IRI), blood lipid indexes (HDL-C,LDL-C,TC,TG)and oxidant stress indexes (MDA content and the activities of SOD ,CAT, GSH-Px)as well as the protein expressions of PI 3K,p-AKT and GLUT 4 in pancreatic tissue were determined. RESULTS :During the experiment ,compared with normal group ,the mice were slow in action ,the feed consumption and water consumption increased,and body weight significantly increased in model group (P<0.05). 0,30,60,120 min after giving glucose ,the FBG content of mice were all increased significantly (P<0.05). After last medication ,the contents of FINS and HDL-C in serum as well as ISI ,the activities of SOD ,CAT and GSH-Px as well as the protein expressions of PI 3K,p-AKT and GLUT 4 in pancreatic tissue were all decreased significantly (P<0.05);the contents of FBG and LDL-C ,TC and TG in serum as well as IRI , 疗。E-mail:sunguangping83@163.com MDA content in pancreatic tissue were all increased significantly(P<0.05). Compared with model group ,the general condition and OGTT of mice in each administration group was improved;the contents of FINS and HDL-C in serum as well as ISI ,the activities of SOD ,CAT and GSH-Px as well as the protein expressions of PI 3K,p-AKT and GLUT 4 in pancreatic tissue were all increased significantly (P<0.05);the contents of FBG,LDL-C,TC and TG in serum as well as IRI ,MDA content of pancreatic tissue were decreased significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:PPLPs has anti-diabetic effects ,which are related to reducting oxidative stress level and promoting the activation of PI 3K/AKT/GLUT4 signaling pathway.

7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 465-470, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810668

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of cinnamaldehyde (CIN) on the inflammation and apoptosis on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and to explore the potential mechanisms.@*Methods@#HUVECs were divided in to 8 groups: blank control group, LPS group, LPS+(low, medium, high) dose CIN groups and (low, medium, high) CIN groups. Cell cytotoxicity was determined by trypan blue staining, mRNA expression of the inflammatory factors was determined by RT-PCR,apoptosis was determined by TUNEL staining,the signal pathway was determined by Western blot.@*Results@#(1) Cell viability:compared with the control group,cell survival rate was significantly lower in the LPS group (P<0.01), while the survival rates were all significantly higher in the 3 LPS+CIN groups than in the LPS group (all P<0.01) in a concentration-dependent manner. (2) The mRNA expression of the inflammation factors: compared with the control group, mRNA expression of the inflammation factors were all increased in the LPS group (all P<0.01),while the effect of LPS could be significantly reversed by cotreatment with CIN in a concentration-dependent manner (all P<0.01). Compared with control group, the mRNA expression of the inflammation factors in the LPS group were all enhanced in a time-dependent manner (0,6,12,24 h),which could be significantly downregulated by cotreatment with LPS+CIN (high dose) in a time-dependent manner. (3) Cell apoptosis: compared with the control group, the apoptosis rate was significantly higher in the LPS group (P<0.01), while this effect could be significantly reversed by the cotreatment with CIN (high dose) (P<0.01). (4) Signaling pathway: compared with the control group, the phosphorylation of iκBα, p65 in HUVECs treated with LPS were rapidly up-regulated compared with their corresponding total proteins and the expression of TLR4 (all P<0.01), while the degree of p-iκBα/iκBα, p-p65/p65 and TLR4 could be significantly suppressed by cotreatment with CIN (high dose) (all P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#CIN can attenuate LPS induced inflammation and apoptosis in HUVECs, possibly by inhibiting the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.

8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 624-627, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805791

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between breast cancer and thyroid cancer.@*Methods@#A cohort of 747 female patients with stage Ⅰ-Ⅲ invasive breast cancer were enrolled in this retrospective study. The differences of clinical and pathological data were compared between the simple breast cancer group (723 cases) and the breast cancer with thyroid cancer group (24 cases), to analyze the relevant factors of second primary thyroid cancer in patients with breast cancer.@*Results@#There were significant differences in the menstrual status and estrogen receptor (ER) status between the group of patients with breast cancer only and breast cancer patients with secondary primary thyroid cancer (P<0.05). Breast cancer patients with secondary primary thyroid cancer were more likely to be premenopausal (75%) and ER-positive (83.3%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the patient′s menstrual status (compared with premenopausal patients, peri-menopausal odds ratio=0.53, 95% CI 0.07-4.25; post-menopausal odds ration=0.23, 95%CI 0.08-0.65) and body mass index (BMI, odds ratio=1.14, 95%CI 1.02-1.28) were independent risk factors for secondary primary thyroid cancer in patients with breast cancer.@*Conclusion@#Thyroid cancer is associated with breast cancer, and is more likely to occur in obesity patients and premenopausal patients.

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 239-242, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744859

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate efficacy and safety of Atorvastatin combined with trimetazidine Sibutramine treating angina pectoris of coronary heart disease.Methods Of computer retrieval China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),Wanfang database,VIP database and search atorvastatin statins combined with trimetazidine trimetazidine in the treatment of angina pectoris of coronary heart disease:a randomized controlled trial,according to Jadad scale to evaluate the quality of the included studies and extracted data.Meta analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3.Results In accordance with the inclusion criteria were included in the 18 study,a total of 1 848 patients.The software of RevMan 5.3 on cardiovascular events incidence,clinical curative effect,angina pectoris,blood lipid [total cholesterol (TC),triglyceride (TG),low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)],the improvement of cardiac function [including cardiac index left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD),left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVESD)] and the adverse reactions of meta analysis showed that compared with pure atorvastatin,atorvastatin combined with trimetazidine can reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events [OR =0.19,95% Cl (0.11,0.35),P<0.01],reduce seizure frequency and duration of angina [WMD =-1.52,95% CI (-1.84,-0.99),P < 0.01;WMD =-1.80,95% CI (-2.20,-1.50),P <0.01],improve the clinical efficiency of [OR =4.78,95% Cl (3.54,6.47),P < 0.01] display.Blood lipid and cardiac ultrasound index show that atorvastatin combined with trimetazidine can better improve the patient's LVEDD [WMD =-2.69,95% CI (-4.39,-0.98),P < 0.01] LVESD [WMD =-6.92,95 % CI(-11.82,-2.02),P < 0.01].The decrease of serum level of TC,TG,LDL-C was better than atorvastatin monotherapy,but there were no statistically significant differences in the improvement level of serum HDL-C in the included patients (P =O.17).In the included studies,atorvastatin combined with trimetazidine can effectively reduce the incidence of adverse reactions in patients [0R=0.33,95% CI (0.13,0.85),P=0.02].Conclusions Atorvastatin combined with trimetazidine is safer and more effective than atorvastatin alone in the treatment of coronary heart disease angina pectoris.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697547

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of YAP,LPA and TAZ in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and its clinical significance.Methods Selective collection of Ya'an People's Hospital pathology department from January 2010 to December 2016,the surgical resection of the pathological tissue paraffin specimens amounted to 136 cases,including the normal tissue of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma 37 cases,head and neck benign tumor-like tissue 35 cases,head and neck squamous cell carcinoma 64 cases,all specimens without chemotherapy history,The relationship between the expression of LPA,YAP and TAZ in various tissues by immunohistochemistry and real-time quantitative PCR assay and its clinical correlative parameters.Results The expression of LPA mRNA in normal tissues,benign neoplasia tissues and squamous carcinoma tissues of the head and neck squamous cell carcinoma was similar (P > 0.05).The expression of YAP mRNA in squamous cell carcinoma tissues was higher than that in the adjacent tissues and tumor tissues (P < 0.05).TAZ mRNA was low expression in the three tissues of the head and neck,but the expression of squamous cell carcinoma was significantly higher than that of benign tumor tissues and adjacent normal tissues (P < 0.05).The expression of YAP and TAZ protein was significantly higher than that in the tissues of normal tissues and benign tumor tissues (P < 0.05).The expression of YAP in squamous cell carcinoma was significantly higher than the control group (P < 0.05).The expression of TAZ was low differentiation in tumor,tumor >3.0 cm,lymph node positive and Ⅲ-Ⅳ period were higher than the control group (P < 0.05).Condusions The expression of YAP and TAZ in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma was closely related to tumor staging,differentiation degree and lymph node metastasis,while the expression of LPA showed no significant difference and correlation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1251-1257, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616563

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the protective effect of microRNA-218 (miR-218) silencing on kidney tissue of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic nephropathy rats and the potential mechanism.METHODS: The diabetic rat model was established by a single intraperitoneal injection of STZ (50 mg/kg).Meanwhile, the miR-218 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) lentiviral vector was constructed.The Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: healthy control group, diabetes group, empty vector group and miR-218-shRNA group.The blood glucose, 24 h urinary protein, serum creatinine (SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in the rats at different time points (4, 8 and 12 weeks) were measured by an automated analyzer.The expression of miR-218 was detected by RT-qPCR, while the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), nephrin and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) at mRNA and protein levels in the kidney tissues was determined by RT-qPCR and Western blot.The caspase-3 activity was detected by caspase-3 activity assay kit, and the cell apoptosis of the kidney tissues was analyzed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL).RESULTS: Compared with healthy control group, the expression of miR-218 was significantly increased in STZ-treated rats.Meanwhile, the concentrations of blood glucose, 24 h urinary protein, SCr and BUN were significantly increased in STZ-treated rats (P<0.05).The mRNA and protein expression of HO-1 and nephrin was significantly decreased, while the level of phosphorylated p38 MAPK was significantly increased in STZ-treated rats.In addition, the activity of caspase-3 was also significantly increased in STZ-treated rats.When the model rats were infected with miR-218-shRNA, the expression of miR-218 was significantly decreased and the above effects were markedly reversed.Furthermore, TUNEL results showed that compared with diabetic group and empty vector group, miR-218 silencing significantly attenuated the cell apoptosis in the kidney tissues in miR-218-shRNA group.CONCLUSION: miR-218 is involved in the kidney injury in diabetic rats, and silencing of miR-218 by lentiviral vector-mediated miR-218-shRNA transfection effectively inhibits kidney cell apoptosis, suggesting that miR-218 is a potential target for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614536

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes of Tr cells and IL-17 levels in peripheral blood of patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and the clinical significance.Methods The quantity of the CD4+ CD25+ Tr cells and proportion of CD4+ CD25+ Tr cells/CD4+ T cells were detected by flow cytomety,and the levels of IL-17 were detected by ELISA in 60 cases with APS(APS group) and 60 healthy people(control group).Results The levels of Tr,Tr/CD4+,Foxp + 3 Tr/Tr in the APS group were (3.03 ± 0.40) %,(0.11 ± 0.02),(0.40 ± 0.10),respectively,which in the control group were (5.76 ± 0.84)%,(0.15 ± 0.03),(0.73 ± 0.15),respectively,the differences were statistically significant(t =22.73,8.59,14.18,all P < 0.01).The levels of serum IL-17 and IL-17/Tr cells in APS group were (15.31 ±2.00)pg/mL,(5.05 ±0.29)pg/mL,respectively,which in the control group were (6.63 ± 1.52) pg/mL,(1.15 ± 0.14) pg/mL,respectively,there were statistically significant differences (t =29.17,93.81,all P <0.05).The levels of serum IL-17 was negatively correlated with Tr cells level in peripheral blood of patients with APS(r =-0.801,P <0.01).Conclusion There is peripheral blood cellular immune function disorder in APS patients,the number and active changes of CD4+ CD25+ Tr cells and IL-17/Tr ratio imbalance may play a role in the pathogenesis of APS.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512880

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relation between serum AMH,IGF-1 and IGFBP-1 levels and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and its clinical significance.Methods Serum levels of AMH,IGF-1 and IGFBP-1 were measured by ELISA in 80 patients with PCOS and 80 healthy subjects.Results The levels of serum AMH,IGF-1,IGFBP-1 in PCOS group were (7.18 ± 1.50) ng/L,(200.85 ± 27.78) ng/L,(4.05 ± 0.65) ng/L respectively,which in the control group were (3.70 ± 1.01) ng/L,(110.58 ± 12.50) ng/L,(8.16 ± 1.39) ng/L.The serum levels of AMH,IGF-1 in the PCOS group were significandy higher than those in the control group(t =13.14,26.80,P < 0.01),while the serum level of IGFBP-1 in the PCOS group was significantly lower than that in the control group(t =16.28,P <0.01).The serum levels of AMH,IGF-1,IGFBP-1 in patients with obese group were (7.18 ± 1.50) ng/L,(200.85 ± 27.78) rng/L,(4.05 ± 0.65)ng/ L respectively,which in the non-obese group were (15.52 ± 2.41) ng/L,(143.85 ± 15.61) ng/L,(6.75 ± 0.93) ng/L.The serum level of IGF-1 in the obese group was significantly higher than that in the non-obese group(t =10.87,P <0.01),while the serum levels of AMH and IGFBP-1 in the obese group were significandy lower than those in the non-obese group(t =18.98,15.27,P <0.01).Conclusion Serum AMH,IGF-1 and IGFBP-1 may be involved in the pathogenesis and obesity of PCOS,which may be associated with the pathogenesis of PCOS.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1350-1355, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668934

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the outcome of arthroscopic fixation with suture-bridge technique for greater tuberosity fractures.Methods Between September 2014 to April 2016,data of 20 cases with greater tuberosity fractures who were treated with arthroscopic suture-bridge technique were retrospectively analyzed.There were 12 males and 8 females,with an average age of 51.2 years old (range,28-76 years).The average period from injury to surgery was 6 days (range,2-18 days).The postoperative X-ray of shoulder was collected.The active mobilization and strength rehabilitation were gradually introduced depended on patients' status.The preoperative and postoperative shoulder function were evaluated by Constant-Murley score,American Shoulder & Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score,visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score and UCLA score.Results All 20 patients were followed up for 15 months (range,12-30 months).There was no postoperative complication,including re-fracture,re-displacement,implant failure and wound infection.Shoulder joint activity at the last follow-up:lift on the proneness of motion 168°±7.54° (range,150°-180°),outer spin 65.5°±6.71° (range,50°-70°),and internal rotation averaged T6 (range,T4-T10).At the last follow-up,the mean Constant-Murley score was 93.50±3.24,mean ASES score 90.80±4.72,mean VAS pain score 0.30±0.57 and mean UCLA score was 32.40±1.90.At the last follow-up,the anterior flexion in the side of the shoulder joint,the external rotation and internal rota tion were compared with the healthy side,and no statistical difference was found,and the function of the shoulder joint was satisfactory.There were two cases of Bankart injury,and the Bankart restoration was fixed by the arthroscope.Conclusion The arthroscopic suture-bridge technique can achieve less trauma,more reliable fixation for fractures of greater tuberosity of humerus.The arthroscopic suture-bridge technique can effectively spread the shear force and torsion force,increase the fixed area,and promote fracture healing.The arthroscopic fixation with suture-bridge technique is an effective treatment for fractures of greater tuberosity of humerus.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496360

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the factors related with neurological function in children after hemispherectomy for intractable epilep-sy. Methods Thirty-three children suffered hemispherectomy from May, 2014 to June, 2015 were analyzed. Their preoperative data were col-lected. A structured questionnaire was used to evaluate the neurological function. The relationship between preoperative parameters and post-operative functional outcomes was analyzed. Results Bilateral lesions in MRI (P<0.001) and age (P<0.001) were related with functional out-come. Conclusion The prognosis of hemispherectomy for children with intractable epilepsy is related to the contralateral lesion and age.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480900

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristic of top-down attentional control of acute stress disorder children.Methods According to SCID-IV-TR,23 acute stress disorder children were chosen as the experinent group and 23 normal children were chosen as the control group.They were asked to perform a visual search task.Results (1) The reaction time of acute stress disorder children((1 253±158)ms) was significantly longer than normal children's((1 194± 146) ms) (P<0.05).(2) The reaction time of valid condition((1 172± 144) ms)was significantly shorter than neutral condition ((1 229± 156) ms) and invalid condition ((1 269± 157) ms) (P<0.05),there was no difference of reaction time between neutral condition((1 229± 156)ms) and invalid condition ((1 269±157)ms) (P>0.05).(3) The reaction time of simple display condition((1 182±127)ms) was significantlv shorter than complex display condition ((1 264± 177)ms) (P<0.01).Conclusion The performance of acute stress disorder children on top-down attentional control is less than normal children,the reason is that inhibiting capacity of acute stress disorder children is lower than normal children.It indicates that trauma event have negative influence on children's inhibiting capacity.

17.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1039-1046, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451807

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the effect of Toll-like receptor ( TLR) 2 and TLR4 in Mycobacterium bovis Bacil-lus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)-induced human proximal renal tubule epithelial cell (HK-2) injury.METHODS:HK-2 cells were stimulated by BCG, and the expression of TLR2, TLR4, chemokine (C-X3-C motif) ligand 1 (CX3CL1) and trans-forming growth factor beta 1 ( TGF-β1 ) was detected by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting .TLR2 monoclonal antibody and TLR4 inhibitor were used to treat the HK-2 cells 1 h before BCG stimulation.The expression of CX3CL1 and TGF-β1 was evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting .RESULTS: BCG increased the expression of TLR2, TLR4, CX3CL1 and TGF-β1 in the HK-2 cells.Additionally, the expression of CX3CL1 and TGF-β1 was inhibited partly by TLR2 monoclonal antibody or TLR4 inhibitor.CONCLUSION:BCG is able to increase the production of TLR 2, TLR4, CX3CL1 and TGF-β1 in the HK-2 cells.TLR2 and TLR4 signaling pathways play important roles in tubule epitheli-al cell injury induced by BCG .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442879

ABSTRACT

Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control group (n =16) and fructose group (n =16) fed with 10% fructose solution.After 4 weeks,the rats of two groups were treated with saline and 50 nmol/kg ghrelin for 6 weeks,respectively (each group n =8).Fasting plasma glucose,insulin,and blood lipid profile were measured.Insulin receptor (Ins-R) mRNA expression in muscle was detected by RT-PCR.The phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) was measured by Western blot.The results showed that insulin level and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) in fructose group were higher than those in control group [(13.1±3.6 vs 9.0 ± 1.5) μU/ml,P<0.05 ;2.78 ± 0.14 vs 1.81± 0.13,P <0.01)].After ghrelin treatment,plasma insulin concentration [(9.6 ± 2.5) μU/mL,P<0.05] and HOMA-IR (1.96 ± 0.12,P<0.01)significantly decreased,along with increased Ins-R mRNA and IRS-1 phosphorylation in skeletal muscle (P <0.01).These results suggest that ghrelin can ameliorate insulin resistance in fructose-fed rats by restoring Ins-R function.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746804

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study evaluates the effects of H-uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (H-UPPP) on endothelial function by endothelium dependent flow-mediated dilation(FMD) in patients with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAHS).@*METHOD@#Forty-five healthy subjects and 49 patients with moderately to severe OSAHS who desired H-UPPP were prospectively enrolled. FMD was measured by high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography. All subjects participated in sleep studies. These studies were repeated 6 months after H-UPPP in patients with moderately to severe OSAHS.@*RESULT@#There was significant difference in FMD between patients with moderately to severe OSAHS and healthy subjects at baseline (6.5 +/- 2.1)% vs (11.2 +/- 3.1)% (P < 0.01). FMD increased from (6.5 +/- 2.1)% to (9.7 +/- 2.7)% 6 months after H-UPPP in patients with moderately to severe OSAHS (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#FMD is decreased in patients with moderately to severe OSAHS, H-UPPP treatment of these patients leads to improvement of FMD.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Endothelium, Vascular , Physiology , Humans , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Methods , Palate , General Surgery , Pharynx , Physiology , General Surgery , Polysomnography , Prospective Studies , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , General Surgery , Uvula , General Surgery
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416090

ABSTRACT

The development of internet informatization has brought about new challenges to ideological and political work of colleges and universities and at the same time the opportunity Facing the college students,whose thought is active and open,but their view of life and value is not completely mature,we should put priority to how to apply scientific outlook to the network ideological and political education to the undergraduates.

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