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1.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 24-29, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932140

ABSTRACT

Pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma is an adrenal tumor that secrets catecholamines and is extremely rare in pregnant women. Its clinical presentation is lack of specificity, and the combination of low prevalence and nonspecific clinical presentation makes diagnosis and treatment difficult. In this study, the clinical data and prognosis of 5 pregnant patients with pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma were analyzed. It was found that hypertension first occurred in 4 patients during pregnancy, and the clinical manifestations of each case were different. Surgical treatment is the first choice in the treatment, patients who cannot operate can choose radionuclide therapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. Through follow-up, they all showed recurrence and metastasis at different times. Among them, the patients who continued to be pregnant to the middle and late stages of surgical treatment progressed rapidly, and there were multiple bone metastases throughout the body in a short period of time, and two cases died in a short period of time. Therefore, effective diagnosis, individualized treatment and lifelong follow-up are particularly important.

2.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2609-2612, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495563

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognosis of transcatheter arterial chemoembo-lization(TACE)combined with radiofrequency ablation(RFA)in treatment of liver cancer.Methods 64 patients of liver cancer were selected as the research subjects,and they were divided into two groups by randomized single blind method.32 cases in the control group adopted the TACE treatment,while 32 cases in the observation group were given TACE combined with RFA.The tumor shrinkage,complete necrosis rate,local recurrence rate,AFP levels and adverse reactions of the two groups were compared.The patients were followed up for 3 years to record survival.Results After treatment,the tumor shrinkage rate and complete necrosis rate of the observation group were 90.63% and 75.00%, which were significantly higher than 68.75% and 50.00% of the control group,the differences were statistically significant (χ2 =8.453,8.203,all P 0.05 ).Conclusion TACE combined with RFA in treatment of liver cancer can significantly improve the effect of tumor necrosis rate,reduce the local recurrence rate and prolong the survival time of the patients, and it had less adverse reaction,higher safety,and which should be applied in clinical.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 315-24, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445537

ABSTRACT

Polo-box domain 1 (PBD1) is a characteristic domain of polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1), which locates in C-terminal and can influence the catalytic activity and specific subcellular locations of PLK1. At present, most PLK1 inhibitors are developed to occupy the ATP pocket or its close sites. However, this kind of PLK1 inhibitors is difficult to pursue target selectivity and may encounter cross drug resistance with other kinase inhibitors due to the conserved sequence of ATP pocket. Recently, PBD1, with aberrant specificity in sequence and structure, has attracted enormous interests as the alternative target to the discovery of corresponding inhibitors for anti-tumor drugs. The structure and function of PBD1 as well as the advances of its inhibitors are reviewed in this paper.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 165-169, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424600

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether the implanted spike wave electrical stimulation (ES) can improve survival of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) after transplantation in spinal cord injury (SCI) rats. MethodsIn the study,60 male SD rats were used to prepare the SCI induced by a digital weight drop apparatus.The MSCs from each rat' s femurs were collected and then labeled by Bromodeoxyuridine (Brdu) seven days after SCI.The rats were randomly assigned into four groups,ie,group A (receiving a transplantation of MSCs only),group B (receiving electro-stimulant therapy only),group C ( receiving a transplation of MSCs and electro-stimulant therapy) and the control group ( receiving a single injection of phosphate buffer solution,PBS).Functional status was assessed regularly before and after SCI by using the Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) locomotor rating score and somatosensory evoked potential (SEP).The recovery of spinal cord was checked by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and the survivorship of the labeled MSCs was observed with immunohistochemical method. Results BBB score of group C demonstrated significant difference in comparison with that of the other three groups ( P < 0.05 )and was significantly higher than that of the control group (P <0.01 ) four weeks after surgery,which indicated an obvious functional improvement of the extremity mobility in group C.At the 8th week postoperatively,SEP study displayed significant difference in group C from the other three groups in terms of latency and wave amplitude (P <0.05 ),indicating the fast neurofunctional recovery of the spinal cord in group C.MR images of the spinal cords by DTI showed the same outcome.Immunohistochemistry confirmed a large number of the labeled MSCs positive cells in the lesion site of group C.ConclusionTheimplanted spike wave ES promotes the bioactivity and survival of MSCs and improves the therapeutic effect in combination with MSCs transplantation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 179-183, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424597

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the expressions of p75NTR,Bax and Bcl-2 and cell apoptosis in rat cortical neurons following mechanical injury and discuss the mechanism and mutual action way during the apoptosis of rat neurons after mechanical injury.Methods Cortical neuron cultures were prepared from the brain tissues of day 17 rat embryos and were exposed to mechanical injury seven days after seeding.After the traumatic neuron injury models were created,the apoptosis ratio of neurons was tested at several time points.The models were divided into the minor,moderate,severe injury groups according to the injury severity and the control group.The expressions of Bax and Bcl-2 in each group were detected by immunohistochemistry method and that of p75NTR by Western-blot.Combining with cellular apoptosis ratio in each group shown after FCM analysis,the correlation between the expressions of p75NTR,Bax and Bcl-2 and the apoptosis in rat neurons after mechanical injury could be analyzed.ResultsThe apoptosis ratio of the neurons in all the injury groups was obviously higher than that in the control group,with significantly higher apoptosis ratio of the neurons in the severe injury group than the minor and moderate injury groups (P <0.05).P75NTR,Bax and Bcl-2 were all expressed in all the injury groups,with statistical differences between groups.The expression of Bax in the severe injury group was significantly higher than that in the minor and moderate injury groups(P < 0.05 ). Conclusions p75NTR expression and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio are closely correlated with neuron apoptosis.The early expression of p75NTR may be one of mechnisms for neuronal apoptosis after neuron injury,when Bax and Bcl-2 may be involved.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1013-1018, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397328

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the anatomic morphology of posterior column of ilium(PCI)and valne of lumbo-iliac fixation(LIF)in pelvic ring reconstruction following communited Denis Ⅲ sacral fractures.Methods A total of 17 hemi-sectional pelvis and dry ilia were selected to observe the length,width and height(safety and standard)of PCI,when a detailed description was done on the methods determining entry point and operation techniqus for iliac screws anchoring.Nine patients with eommunited sacral fractures involving Denis Ⅲ areas combined with neurologic deficits were decompressed for recovery of neurological function and reconstruction of pelvic ring by using LIF.Postoperative follow-up was done on role of LIF and result of neural rehabilitation.Results PCI was mean 110.57 mm in length,24.24 mm in width,14.54 mm in standard height and 31.46 mm in safe height.Nine patients could turn over in bed immediately following operation and walk one month later.A follow-up for 13-37 months in eight patients showed stable reconstructed pelvic ring,sound function of movement and bone graft fusion,which met the target of keeping stability of fractured extremity and pelvis.Conclusions pCI can provide anatomic support for LIF.When decompression and fixation is needed for sacral fractures combined with anterior pelvic ring disruptions,LIP can provide stable fixation and play an important role in reconstruction,nursing and rehabilitation of pelvic ring.

7.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544252

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To investigate the changes and correlation of bone collagen and biomechanical property in osteoporosis rats.[Method]Normal 30 nullimating female 7 month SD rats were divided randomly to two groups,each included 15.The sham group was unovariectomized,and the OVX group was ovariectomized.To execute the rats after 12 weeks,the author get the 5th lumbar vertebra,and then detected the biomechanical property and HYP.The author observed the collagen morphology of the 4th lumbar vertebra using the microscope after the masson triad color dyeing.[Result]Twelve weeks later,HYP in the sham group was(0.197?0.035)mg/g.The bone collagen was regular,compact,and closed succession.HYP in the OVX group was(0.182?0.022)mg/g.The bone collagen was incompact,thin,collapse and poor succession.There was significant change of the HYP in two groups(P

8.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-595090

ABSTRACT

Objective To prove the prophylactic function of absorbable gelatin sponge and bioprotein glue for prevention of epidural and nerve root scar adhesions after laminectomy. Methods We excised the L6 vertebral plates of 36 adult New Zealand male rabbits,to make vertebral plate excision model and to find nerve root. Then divided them into 3 groups based on different materials:gelatin sponge and bioproten glue (group A),gelatin sponge (group B) and saline solution (group C). The morphological changes of the scars were observed grossly and histologically at 2 and 8 weeks after operation. We also measured the orbit of the nerve root. Results Gelatin sponge combining with bioprotein glue can reduce adhesion obviously(P

9.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-548749

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To evaluate the effects of transplantation of autogeneic mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) with electro-stimulant therapy after spinal cord injury(SCI).[Method]Sixty rats were randomly assigned into four groups:MSCs transplation group,electro-stimulant therapy group,MSCs transplation combined with electro-stimulant group and control group.[Result]Statistical differences showed in inter-group in BBB score after 4 weeks(P

10.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-547317

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To research the influence of spinal cord blood flow(SCBF) and the evoked potential(EP) by the extramarrow impacting and to explore the correlation and regularity between the spinal cord blood flow and evoked potential after spinal cord injury.[Method]Normal 120 SD rats were randomized into 4 groups,with 30 in each.Group A was the control group.In groups B,C,D,impacts of 10,15,20N were given to lamina respectively.The blood flow of impacting position and evoked potential were observed at different time points including 0 min,1 h,6 h,1 d,6 d,12 d,24 d.[Result]The blood flow of spinal cord represents a dimning trend with the impacting load raising.The blood flow of group A,had no marked change,the SEP and MEP also.The blood flow of group B represented a temporaly lowing,then recovered normal,the SEP and MEP also.The blood flow of group C and D represented a continuous lowing,then slowly raising.The group C recovered normal at 24d,the group D still lower than normal.[Conclusion]The impact load to lamina can influence the spinal cord function through altering the spinal cord blood flow.There is evident correlation between the SCBF and EP.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12)2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-585667

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influences of impact of different loads to lamina on spinal cord with a closed spinal cord injury model and to explore the mechanisms of blood vessels in spinal cord injury. Methods 120 normal male SD rats were randomized into 4 groups, with 30 in each. Group A served as the control group which received no impact. In Groups B, C and D,impacts of 10, 15 and 20 N were given to lamina respectively. The blood flow in the spinal cord central gray matter and the dorsal white matter, the blood pressure and the heart rate were observed at different experimental time points. Results No obvious change was observed in the blood pressure and heart rate in every group at different time points. The spinal cord blood flow (SCBF) in Groups C and D varied in a regular pattern. Conclusions The impact load to lamina can affect the spinal cord mainly by altering the spinal cord microcirculation. The influence is the most obvious on the blood flow of microcirculation of the gray matter.

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