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Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 830-835, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708142


Objective To explore the CTV to PTV external expansion boundary and the effect of the dose of normal lung tissue under different fixed modes by a comparative analysis of combined body position and thermoplastic film fixed set-up error of radiation therapy for lung cancer. Methods From October 2016 to March 2018, the patients who received chest radiology at the Tangshan people's hospital were enrolled as subjects retrospectively divided into two groups, including 50 patients with lung cancer radiotherapy with combined body position fixation, and 40 patients with lung cancer with thermoplastic film fixation. The two groups of patients drew the target areas in accordance with the unified standard, and the set-up error of left and right, up and down, front and rear ( x, y, z axis) were recorded respectively after 1 time/week cone CT( CBCT) matched with the planned CT image and analyzed by t test. According to the MPTV =2. 5Σ+0. 7δ, CTV to PTV external expansion boundary in the combined body position group were calculated. And the V5、V20 and V30 of two groups of patients were calculated and analyzed by TPS system. Results The set-up error of the combined body position group and thermoplastic film group were respectively (1. 00 ± 0. 58) mm and (3. 28 ± 0. 43) mm on the x axis, (1. 42 ± 0. 28) mm on the y axis and (4. 03 ± 0. 41) mm, (1. 06 ± 0. 44) mm and (3. 18 ± 0. 34) mm on the z axis. The set-up errors of the two groups were statistically significant on x, y and z axis( t= -20. 740, -35. 596, -25. 015,P<0. 05). There was no significant difference in set-up errors between the central and peripheral lung cancer patients and between left and right lung cancer patients(P>0. 05). Through the MPTV =2. 5Σ+0. 7δ, CTV to PTV external expansion boundary in the combined body position fixation group was 2. 906 , 3. 746 and 2. 958 mm on x, y and z axis respectively. The comparison between group A and B showed that the mean values of V5 , V20 and V30 in group B were reduced by 1. 5%, 3. 1% and 4. 8% respectively compared with group A. Conclusions The combined body position technique can improve the accuracy of lung cancer patients after radiation therapy,and further reduce the boundary of CTV to PTV, which is of certain value to reduce the occurrence of radiation pneumonitis.

Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6)1999.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573480


[Objective] To investigate the occurrence rate, manifestations and influencing factors of emotional disorder in patients after acute stroke. [Methods] Emotional disorder in 107 cases of acute stroke was assessed by 17-item Hamilton Depression Scales (HAMD), 14-item Hamilton Anxiety Scales (KAMA), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Barthel index (BI), and the relationship between emotional disorder and influencing factors were also analyzed. [Results] The occurrence rate of emotional disorder after acute stroke was 41.12% , in which depression was 18.69% , anxiety 9.35% and concurrence of depression and anxiety 13.08% . Emotional disorder usually occurred in the dominant hemisphere of young patients with lower BI after repeated attacks of stroke; its manifestations relieved with the cure of primary diseases. Its dominant syndrome pattern was classified as stagnation of liver-Qi. [ Conclusion ] Emotional disorder, possibly being a stress reaction, is the common complications of acute stroke and usually classified as stagnation of liver-Qi; early effective rehabilitation is the best preventive method for emotional disorder acute stroke.