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1.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 297-302, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995506

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss outcomes of emergency repairing for Gustilo III B and III C fractures of forearm with complicated tissue defects and the related influence factors.Methods:From January 2014 to Feburary 2022, data of 98 cases of Gustilo III B and III C fractures with large compound defects of soft tissue, blood vessel, bone, tendon or muscle from elbow to wrist were collected. Primary debridement, bone fixation, wound coverage by free flap, bone transfer(or bone cement filling) or dynamic reconstruction of muscle were completed with emergency surgery in Department of Hand and Foot Microsurgery, Xi'an Fengcheng Hospital. Postoperative follow-ups were conducted through outpatient clinic visits, telephone and WeChat reviews. Video clips, questionnaires and the latest information of patients were also analysed. Rank sum test and Chi-square test were used to examine the relationship between independent variables such as general condition, disease condition and surgical procedures of chimeric tissue transfer group and simple flap transfer group, together with dependent variables such as limb salvage, number of surgery, wound healing, function scores, and complications. P<0.05 were further included in the regression equation to discover the relationship between multiple independent variables and dependent variables. Results:Follow-up lasted for 6-96 months, with an average of 71.1 months. In the chimeric group, the limb salvage rate was at 95.1%, with an infection rate of 8.50% and an average number of surgery was 2.13±0.89. In the simple flap transfer group, the limb salvage rate was at 87.5%, with an infection rate of 15.38% and an average number of surgery was 2.62±0.64. The good rate of Anderson score was 65.3% and the average score of Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand(DASH) was 32.9(0-60) points for all the patients. There were significant differences in dependent variables of limb salvage and infection rate between the 2 groups ( P<0.05). Ischemia time and method of bone fixation led to significant differences in number of surgery ( P<0.05). Methods of bone fixation and the types of flap made significant differences in wound healing ( P<0.05). Underlying disease, bonedefect, Gustilo classification and method of bone fixation all contributed to the significant differences in function score ( P<0.05 or P<0.01) . Conclusion:Emergency surgery for repair of serious injury of forearm has a relatively high limb salvage rate and good functional effects. The limb salvage rate is not correlated with independent variables such as severity of injury, Mangledextremity Severity Score (MESS) and ischemia time, while transfer of a simple flap or a chimeric flap is significantly correlated with the limb salvage rate, infection and wound healing. The severity of injury, ischemia time and bone defect are correlated with functional assessment, number of surgery and bone healing.

2.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 25-31, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995471

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and clinical effect of emergency lateral thigh muscle transfer in functional reconstruction of major traumatic muscle defects.Methods:Emergency surgeries for 8 patients(7 males and 1 female) with muscle defects were carried out subject to emergently reconstruct the power of lateral femoral muscle superficial region, between March 2020 and December 2021, in the Department of Hand and Foot Microsurgery Hospital, Xi'an Fengcheng Hospital. The 8 patients were 23 to 52 years old with an average of 37.6 years old. Five patients injured by machine crush, 2 by heavy object crush and 1 by traffic accident. Five patients were in Gustilo III B injury in forearm, including 2 with flexor muscle group defects, 2 with extensor muscle group defects and 1 with defect of dorsal metacarpal flexor muscle and extensor muscle. Among the 5 patients, 2 patients had the defects in left forearm and 3 in right forearm. One patient had defect of right 1st metacarpal bone and skin and thenar muscle. One patient suffered a complete right upper arm detachment with musculocutaneous nerve being drawn out from the bicipital muscle. One patient had Gustilo III C injury in the right calf with defects of extensor hallucis longus and extensor digitorum. The areas of soft tissue defect were 10.0 cm×8.0 cm-36.0 cm×11.0 cm and the size of flaps was 12.0 cm×6.0 cm-38.0 cm×12.0 cm with the volumes of excised muscle at 18.0 cm×9.0 cm×1.5 cm-10.0 cm×2.0 cm×1.0 cm. The anatomical cross-section and length of the corresponding muscle on the healthy side were measured by musculoskeletal ultrasound. The chimeric tissue flap was designed on the anterolateral side of the thigh. The flap was designed according to the size of the wound and the corresponding flap. Then 1 or 2 muscle tissue blocks were designed and cut from the superficial region of the lateral femoral muscle according to the condition of the muscle defect, to cover the wound and reconstruct the muscle power. Postoperative follow-ups were conducted by scheduled hospital visit. The contents of follow-up included dynamic observation, evaluation and record through musculoskeletal ultrasound, electromyography and strength of muscle.Results:For the 8 patients who were subject to a muscle reconstruction, the transferred muscles and flaps survived in stage-one without vascular event. Postoperative follow-ups lasted for 10 to 32 months with an average of 19.6 months. The strength of muscle was evaluated according to the M 4 strength of muscle. Strength of muscle restored to M 4 or above in 7 patients who could lift, hook or push a heavy object in 5-30 kg of weight, with free joint movement. One patient restored the strength of muscle to M 3+. Muscle contraction was detected 2-4 months after surgery by musculoskeletal B ultrasound. The average ratio of contraction to resting cross sectional area in 5 cases was 1.45±0.42. The shape of limb was bilaterally symmetrical. There was no discomfort in the donor site and knee joint. The flaps were soft and glossy, with protective sensation restored. Conclusion:Muscle transfer from the lateral femoral muscle superficial region in emergency surgery for functional reconstruction of traumatic muscle defects is feasible and effective with a good clinical effect.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 312-320, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990849

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of specnuezhenide on high glucose-induced human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (hRMECs) injury and its mechanism.Methods:The hRMECs were divided into a normal control group cultured in a culture medium containing 5.5 mmol/L glucose, a hypertonic group cultured in a culture medium containing 5.5 mmol/L glucose + 24.5 mmol/L mannitol, a high glucose group cultured in a culture medium containing 30 mmol/L glucose, as well as high glucose+ low-, medium-, and high-dose specnuezhenide groups cultured in culture media containing 30 mmol/L glucose + 25, 50, 100 μmol/L specnuezhenide for 24 hours, respectively.In addition, hRMECs were divided into a high glucose+ small interfering RNA-negative control (si-NC) group cultured in a culture medium containing 30 mmol/L glucose, a high glucose+ si-forkhead box O4 (FOXO4) group cultured in a culture medium containing 30 mmol/L glucose, a high glucose+ specnuezhenide+ pcDNA group cultured in a culture medium containing 100 μmol/L specnuezhenide + 30 mmol/L glucose, and a high glucose+ specnuezhenide+ pcDNA-FOXO4 group cultured in a culture medium containing 100 μmol/L specnuezhenide+ 30 mmol/L glucose for 24 hours after transfection by corresponding reagents.Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry.The malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in cells were detected by the thiobarbituric acid method and xanthine oxidase method, respectively.The concentrations of interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in the cell culture supernatant were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.The relative expression level of FOXO4 protein in cells was determined by Western blot.Results:The apoptosis rates of normal control group, hypertonic group, high glucose group, high glucose+ low-, medium- and high-dose specnuezhenide groups were (7.32±0.72)%, (7.44±0.70)%, (23.96±1.32)%, (19.84±1.09)%, (14.13±0.85)% and (9.84±0.70)%, respectively.There were significant differences in cell apoptosis rate, MDA concentration, SOD activity, the concentration of IL-1β, the concentration of TNF-α, and the relative expression level of FOXO4 protein among the six groups ( F=498.545, 1 186.693, 516.629, 654.247, 638.238, 472.655; all at P<0.001). Compared with high glucose group, the apoptosis rate, MDA concentration, IL-1β and TNF-α concentration, FOXO4 protein expression level were significantly decreased in high glucose+ low-, medium- and high-dose specnuezhenide groups, and SOD activity was significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner.Compared with high glucose+ si-NC group, the expression level of FOXO4 protein, cell apoptosis rate, MDA concentration, IL-1β and TNF-α mass concentrations were decreased in high glucose + si-FOXO4 group, while the SOD activity was increased.Compared with high glucose+ specnuezhenide+ pcDNA group, the apoptosis rate, MDA concentration, IL-1β and TNF-α concentrations, FOXO4 protein expression level of hRMECs in high glucose+ specnuezhenide+ pcDNA-FOXO4 group were significantly increased, and SOD activity was significantly decreased (all at P<0.05). Conclusions:Specnuezhenide can protect hRMECs from high glucose-induced apoptosis, oxidative stress and inflammatory response by down-regulating FOXO4.

4.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 333-337, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of open suture and selective suture in patients with high complexity anal fistula and its effect on anal function and complications.Methods:Prospectively selected 174 patients with high complex anal fistula who were hospitalized in the Anorectal Surgery Department of the Second People′s Hospital of Yibin City from December 2018 to December 2021 as the study subjects, including 138 males and 36 females, aged from 26 to 45 years, with an average of (35.20 ± 8.86) years. According to the admission order of patients, grouped them into single and double numbers, with single numbers being the control group ( n=87) and double numbers being the observation group ( n=87). The control group was treated with traditional incision and thread hanging therapy, while the observation group was treated with selective suture through incision and thread hanging therapy. Compared the surgical time, blood loss, surgical cost, wound healing time, and anal function at 6 months after surgery between the two groups of patients. Compared the treatment effects of two groups of patients at 6 months after surgery. Compared the postoperative complications within 6 months and recurrence within 1 year between the two groups. The measurement data subject to normal distribution were expressed by mean ± standard deviation( ± s). The two groups were compared by independent sample t test, and the count data were compared by Chi-square test. Rank sum test was used for comparison of hierarchical data. Results:The surgical time in the observation group was higher than that in the control group [(44.30 ± 8.11) min vs (42.18 ± 7.25) min, ( t=-2.44, P<0.05], and the surgical cost was higher than that in the control group [(1184.81 ± 372.68) yuan vs (835.28 ± 320.03) yuan, t=-8.75, P<0.001]. There was no statistically significant difference in blood loss data between the two groups [(19.57 ± 6.07) mL vs (18.35 ± 5.25) mL, t=-1.88, P>0.05]. The length of wound healing time in the observation group was lower than that in the control group [(24.18 ± 4.35) d vs (29.35 ± 5.08) d, t=11.09, P<0.001]. The anal function score of the observation group at 6 months after surgery was lower than that of the control group [(4.80 ± 1.21) score vs (6.71 ± 1.35) score, t=14.72, P<0.001]. All patients did not experience any loss of follow-up. In the comparison of treatment effects 6 months after surgery, the observation group had a better efficacy rating than control group ( Z=3.86, P<0.001). At 6 months after surgery, the incidence of complications in the observation group was lower than that in the control group [2.30% (2/87) vs 10.34% (9/87), χ2=4.76, P<0.05]. One year after surgery, the recurrence rate in the observation group was lower than that in the control group [2.30% (2/87) vs 10.34% (9/87), χ2=4.76, P<0.05]. Conclusion:The application of incision and thread-drawing selective suture in the treatment of patients with high complex anal fistula is beneficial to the treatment effect of patients, reduces postoperative complications, and protects the anal function of patients, with good use value.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 694-696, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995465

ABSTRACT

In September 2020, a child with open wrist fracture and severe soft tissue injury was admitted in the Department of Hand and Foot Microsurgery, Xi'an Fengcheng Hospital. In the emergency surgery, the fracture was fixed, the vascular, nerve and tendon were repaired, and Flow-through chimeric anterolateral thigh perforator tissue flap was used to cover the wound. The chimeric tissue flap and the wrist survived in first stage as well as the wound healing. At 1 year of follow-up, the flap was not bloated and the protective sensation was restored. The flexion and extension and the rotation of left wrist were good. The pinch, flexion and extension of all digits of the left hand recovered well.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1057-1066, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992551

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture in the elderly will seriously reduce their quality of life and life expectancy. For osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture in the elderly, spinal reconstruction is necessary, which should comprehensively consider factors such as the physical condition, fracture type, clinical characteristics and osteoporosis degree. While there lacks relevant clinical norms or guidelines on selection of spinal reconstruction strategies. In order to standardize the concept of spinal reconstruction for osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture in the elderly, based on the principles of scientificity, practicality and progressiveness, the authors formulated the Clinical guideline for spinal reconstruction of osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture in elderly patients ( version 2022), in which suggestions based on evidence of evidence-based medicine were put forward upon 10 important issues related to the fracture classification, non-operative treatment strategies and surgical treatment strategies in spinal reconstruction after osteoporosis thoracolumbar fracture in the elderly, hoping to provide a reference for clinical treatment.

7.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 228-233, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011591

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the role of visfatin-nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (Nampt) axis in the progression of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and its effect on the patients’ prognosis. 【Methods】 Immunohistochemical analysis was used to detect the expression of Nampt protein in tissues from epithelial ovarian cancer and normal ovary; ELISA was used to determine the level of visfatin in serum. Then the two were further analyzed to estimate their effects on clinicopathological characteristics and the EOC patients’ overall survival. 【Results】 The mean level of serum visfatin in these EOC patients was significantly elevated compared with that of the patients with benign ovarian tumors and normal population. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under curve (AUC) of serum visfatin for diagnosis of EOC was 0.744, with a cut-off value of 5.95 ng/mL. Serum visfatin of the EOC patients was related to T, N and FIGO stage (P<0.05), and was positively correlated with CA125 (rs=0.389, P=0.001). The rate of Nampt positive expression in tissues from EOC was significantly increased and correlated with FIGO stage and serum visfatin (P<0.05). Nampt protein expression in EOC was positively correlated with serum visfatin level (rs=0.55, P<0.001). The 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rate of these patients with EOC was 98.6%, 74.3% and 34.3%, respectively. Survival analysis demonstrated that the overall survival of these patients was related to T, N, FIGO stage, serum visfatin and Nampt expression in EOC, and both FIGO stage and Nampt expression were independent prognostic factors (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The overall survival of these EOC patients was related to T, N, FIGO stage, serum visfatin and Nampt expression, and FIGO stage and Nampt expression are independent factors predicting the outcome. This highlights that visfatin-Nampt axis promotes the progression of epithelial ovarian cancer and affects the prognosis of EOC patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 884-889, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934831

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the correlation between gross motor development and physical activity level of preschool children at different altitudes, so as to provide exercise basis for the development of gross motor ability.@*Methods@#A total of 188 preschool children living in the 3 240 m high plateau (Hi group) in Tashkurgan County, 175 children living in the 1 290 m low plateau (SubHi group) in Kashgar District and 191 children living in the 450 m high plateau (Pla group) in Gaochang District of Turpan were selected as subjects. The children were assessed for gross motor development and tested for physical activity.@*Results@#With the increase of age, the scores of MPA, VPA, MVPA and gross movement of preschoolers in each test group showed an upward trend. The above indexes in SubHi group were significantly higher than those in Hi group at 5 years old, and those in Pla group at 5 years old were significantly higher than those in Hi group ( P <0.05). The level of MPA in SubHi group and Pla group was significantly higher than that in Hi group at 4 years old, and the MVPA in SubHi group at 5 years old was significantly higher than that in Hi group ( P <0.05). SubHi group and Pla group were significantly higher than Hi group at 5 years of age, and Pla group was significantly higher than SubHi group at 4 years of age ( P <0.05). There were no significant differences in the related indexes of gross motor among girls at different altitude groups ( P >0.05). The LPA of the Hi group and the SubHi group was positively correlated with the operational movement score ( r =0.60,0.44), and the LPA of the Pla group was positively correlated with the displacement movement score ( r =0.69).There was a positive correlation between MPA and displacement score of Hi group ( r =0.53), displacement score and gross movement total score of SubHi group ( r =0.45,0.59), and gross movement scores of Pla group ( r =0.69, 0.52 , 0.73). Except the displacement score and gross movement total score of the Pla group, VPA was positively correlated with the gross movement scores of each group ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#There is a certain correlation between gross motor development and physical activity level in children aged 3-6 years.MVPA can be used as an effective means to improve the development of rough movements of 3-6 year old children.

9.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 590-592, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958406

ABSTRACT

In May 2019, a patient who suffered with multiple foot metatarsus injury with soft tissues defect was treated in the Hand and Foot Microsurgery of Xi'an Fengcheng Hospital, by using chimeric peroneal artery for phase-1 reconstruction of metatarsus with folded fibular flap, foot cross arch and soft tissue defects. After 2 years, the arch of foot as intact without collapse. There was no arthritic lesions. The height, arc and width of metatarsus were very close to the healthy side. The flap and plantar were smooth without abrasion and ulceration. The patient could walk, run and stand with single-foot stand, and able to carry out heavy physical work continuously.

10.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 578-580, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958402

ABSTRACT

In November 2011, a 7-year-old child with shoulder avulsion was treated in the Department of Hand and Foot Microsurgery, Xi’an Fengcheng Hospital with debridement, transfer of free anterolateral thigh flap(ALTF) and decompression with forearm incision. After operation the limb survived. Six months after surgery, the function of right shoulder abduction was reconstructed by transposition of trapezius muscle. At the 11 years after surgery, the length of the limb on the affected side was slightly shorter than that of the healthy side. The circumference of forearm was slightly less than that of the healthy side. The pain, touch and temperature sensations were recovered. The TPD was 15-20 mm, and the skin temperature on both sides of the limb was normal. The shoulder abduction reached 30°. The muscle strength of elbow and wrist flexions reached grade Ⅴ with the recovered wrist pronation and all digit flexions. The affected limb can cooperate with the healthy limb to complete all daily duties.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 623-631, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955292

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of myricitrin on the injury of human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (HRMECs) induced by high glucose and its regulation mechanism.Methods:HRMECs were divided into normal control group, high glucose group and 12.5 μg/ml, 25.0 μg/ml and 50.0 μg/ml myricitrin groups.HRMECs transfected with pcDNA and pcDNA-circZNF292, respectively and then cultured in high-glucose medium containing 25 mmol/L D-glucose for 24 hours were assigned as pcDNA group and pcDNA-circZNF292 group.HRMECs transfected with siR-NC and siR-circZNF292, respectively and then cultured in medium containing 50.0 μg/ml myricitrin and 25 mmol/L D-glucose for 24 hours were assigned as myricitrin+ siR-NC group and myricitrin+ siR-circZNF292 group.The cell apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry.The concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in cells were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits.The expression levels of circZNF292 and miR-23b-3p were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR.The targeting relationship between circZNF292 and miR-23b-3p was detected by dual-luciferase reporter assay.The relative expression levels of B-cell lymphoma-2 (bcl-2) and bcl-2-related X protein (bax) were assayed by Western blot.Results:Significant differences were found in the relative expressions of bax and bcl-2 proteins, cell apoptosis rate, MDA concentration, SOD activity, circZNF292 and miR-23b-3p among normal control group, high glucose group and 12.5 μg/ml, 25.0 μg/ml, 50.0 μg/ml myricitrin groups ( F=105.707, 111.835, 74.515, 109.651, 135.020, 219.919, 116.304; all at P<0.001).With the increase of myricitrin concentration, the relative expression levels of bax protein, cell apoptosis rate, MDA concentration and miR-23b-3p in cells gradually decreased, while the relative expression levels of bcl-2 protein, SOD activity and circZNF292 increased, with statistically significant differences among groups with different concentrations of myricitrin (all at P<0.05).In the co-transfected wild-type (WT)-circZNF292 cells, the relative luciferase activity in miR-23b-3p group was 0.35±0.03, which was lower than 0.96±0.09 in microRNA-negative control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=11.137, P<0.001).Compared with pcDNA group, the relative expression levels of bcl-2 protein, circZNF292 and MDA concentration in cells of pcDNA-circZNF292 group were significantly increased, and the relative expression levels of bax protein, miR-23b-3p, cell apoptosis rate and SOD activity were significantly decreased (all at P<0.05).The relative expression levels of bax protein, miR-23b-3p, cell apoptosis rate and MDA concentration were reduced and relative expression levels of bcl-2 protein, circZNF292 and SOD activity were enhanced in myricitrin group and myricitrin+ siR-NC group in comparison with high glucose group and myricitrin+ siR-circZNF292 group, showing statistically significant differences (all at P<0.05). Conclusions:Myricitrin can inhibit cell apoptosis and oxidative stress by regulating the expression of circZNF292/miR-23b-3p, thereby reducing the damage of HRMECs induced by high glucose.

12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 157-163, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880844

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the predictors and outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).@*OBJECTIVE@#This retrospective observational study was conducted among patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 admitted to Hankou Hospital between January, 5 and March 8, 2020. We evaluated the association of AKI with the demographic and biochemical parameters and clinical outcomes of the patients using univariate regression analysis.@*OBJECTIVE@#Atotal of 287 COVID-19 patients, including 55 with AKI and 232 without AKI, were included in the analysis. Compared with the patients without AKI, the patients with AKI were older, predominantly male, and were more likely to have hypoxia and pre-existing hypertension and cerebrovascular diseases. The patients with AKI also had higher levels of white blood cells, D-dimer, aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, a higher prevalence of hyperkalemia, lower lymphocyte counts, and higher chest computed tomographic scores. The incidence of stage 1 AKI was 14.3% and that of stage 2 or 3 AKI was 4.9%. The patients with AKI had much higher mortality rate than those without AKI.@*OBJECTIVE@#AKI is an important complication of COVID-19. An older age, a male gender, multiple pre- existing comorbidities, lymphopenia, increased infection indicators, elevated D-dimer, and impaired heart and liver functions are all potential risk factors ofAKI. COVID- 19 patients with AKI that progresses into stages 2 or 3 AKI have a high mortality rate. Prevention of AKI and monitoring kidney function is critical in the care of COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 151-156, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884303

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of coupler perfusion in transrectal ultrasound in the diagnosis of preoperative T staging of rectal cancer.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the preoperative clinical data of 132 patients with rectal cancer in the People′s Hospital of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from June 2015 to November 2020. According to whether or not the patients agreed to coupler perfusion before ultrasound examination, they were divided into 2 groups, namely the perfusion group 69 cases and the non-perfusion group of 63 cases, with postoperative pathology as the gold standard, and compared with magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) to evaluate the accuracy of the 2 groups and MRI in the T staging of rectal cancer.Results:The total coincidence rates of the coupling agent perfusion group, non-perfusion group and MRI group for the diagnosis of rectal cancer T staging were 89.9%, 76.2% and 87.9%, respectively, and the difference among the three methods was statistically significant (χ 2=6.096, P=0.047). The diagnostic sensitivity of the coupling agent perfusion group for T1 stage was 96.0%, which was higher than 61.5% of the non-perfusion group and 92.3% of the MRI ( P=0.010). The specificity of the perfusion group for the diagnosis of T2 stage was 95.7%, higher than the non-perfusion group and MRI ( P=0.037), the positive predictive value of the perfusion group for T2 stage was 90.9%, which was higher than the non-perfusion group and MRI ( P=0.035). The diagnostic accuracy of the perfusion group for T2 stage was 94.2%, higher than the non-perfusion group and MRI (χ 2=7.070, P=0.029). There were no statistically significant differences in diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy among the perfusion group and the non-perfusion group and the MRI for T3 and T4 (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Coupled-agent perfusion makes it convenient and fast for intracavity ultrasound to diagnose T staging of rectal cancer, and the diagnostic efficiency is comparable to MRI. In particular, it can be used as a highly reliable imaging method for T1 and T2 rectal cancer.

14.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 603-607, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006697

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To compare and analyze clinical efficacy and safety of subxiphoid vs. intercostal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) thymic tumor resection. 【Methods】 We selected 124 patients from January 2015 to March 2019, who received VATS thymic tumor resection in the Thoracic Department of The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University. We divided them into the subxiphoid VATS group with 47 cases and intercostal VATS group with 77 cases to analyze clinical characteristics, postoperation outcomes, complications, pain score, and short-term quality of life. 【Results】 There were no significant differences in operation time, blood loss, the rate of postoperative pneumonia, arrhythmia, phrenic nerve paralysis or myasthenia crisis between the two groups (P>0.05). Average hospital stay: It was shorter in subxiphoid VATS group than intercostal VATS group (P<0.05). Pain score: It was lower the first day and the third day after operation in subxiphoid VATS group than in intercostal VATS group (P<0.05). SF-36 health scale score: 3-month and 12-month postoperation score was higher in subxiphoid VATS group than in intercostal VATS group (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Subxiphoid VATS thymic tumor resection is safe and feasible; compared with intercostal approach, it can significantly reduce wound pain and improve short-term quality of life.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1441-1445, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837697

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the effect of different drainage modes on the postoperative thoracic drainage after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for radical resection of lower lung carcinoma. Methods    A total of 183 patients with non-small cell lung cancer who received biportal thoracoscopic anatomical lower lobectomy combined with mediastinal lymph node dissection in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from August 2017 to August 2019 were enrolled, including 113 males and 70 females, aged 31-77 (56.5±6.4) years. The patients were randomly divided into three groups, including an anterior axillary line group, a mid-axillary line group and a modified anterior axillary line group. Clinical efficacy of the three groups was compared. Results    No significant difference among these three groups in terms of gender, age, surgical site, pathological type, pathological staging, postoperative chest wall subcutaneous emphysema, postoperative pain score, and postoperative hospital stay was found (P>0.05). There were significant differences among the patients in terms of postoperative pleural effusion, re-insertion of chest tube or aspiration, total liquid quantity of thoracic drainage, drainage time and chest wall incision stitches time (P<0.05). The anterior axillary line group had higher risk of postoperative pleural effusion than the other groups (P<0.05). The occurrence of postoperative pleural effusion and rate of reposition of chest tube or aspiration were significantly reduced in the modified anterior axillary line group (P<0.05). Conclusion    Chest drainage tube with large diameter (24F) in the 5th intercostal space of the anterior axillary line combined with another micro-tube (8.5F) in the 7th or 8th intercostal space of the inferior scapular angle line can shorten drainage time to reduce postoperative pain, reduce the occurrence of postoperative pleural effusion, and shorten the time of surgical incision stitches.

16.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 482-488, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871910

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application value of peripheral blood methylation Septin9 gene in peripheral blood combined with SDC2 gene methylation and TFPI2 gene methylation and fecal occult blood test in colorectal lesion screening.Methods:Through random-selection method. Seventy-five patients with colorectal cancer and 50 patients with advanced adenoma who were treated in our hospital from January 2017 to June 2019 were enrolled as the colorectal cancer group and the advanced adenocarcinoma group, respectively, and the results of the negative test were used as controls Methylation-specific PCR (MSP) was used to detect the methylation status of the Septin9, SDC2 and TFPI2 genes in all patients and the fecal occult blood test for colorectal cancer and advanced adenocarcinoma. In addition, the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to compare the diagnostic value of combined detection and individual detection.Results:The positive rate of Septin9, SDC2, TFPI2 methylation and FOBT in colorectal cancer group was 53.04% (61/115 cases), 55.65% (64/115 cases), 59.13% (68/115 cases) and 26.09% (30/115 cases), respectively. The positive detection rates of Septin9, SDC2, TFPI2 methylation and FOBT in the advanced adenoma group were 33.33% (30/90 cases), 50% (45/90 cases), 40.00% (36/90 cases) and 17.78% (16/90 cases), respectively. The detection sensitivity (82.7%) was higher than the sensitivity of each single test and combined detection of SDC2 and TFPI2 gene methylation: Septin9 methylation (66.7%), SDC2 methylation (69.3%), TFPI2 methylation (73.3%), FOBT (26.7%), SDC2 and TFPI2 methylation combined detection (77.3%), while maintaining a high specificity (80.0%). Septin9, SDC2, TFPI2 gene methylation joint inspection screening advanced adenomas detection sensitivity (70.0%) was higher than the sensitivity of each single test and combined detection of SDC2 and TFPI2 gene methylation: (40.0%), SDC2 Septin9 gene methylation gene methylation (64.0%), TFPI2 methylation (50.0%), FOBT (18.0%), SDC2 and TFPI2 gene methylation detection (64.0%), and also maintained a high specificity (82.5%). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve of the three gene methylation combined screening for colorectal cancer was significantly higher than that of Septin9, SDC2, TFPI2 gene methylation, FOBT alone, and SDC2 combined with TFPI2 gene methylation detection (0.684, 0.765, 0.623, 0.796 and 0.566), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05); and the area under the ROC curve of three gene methylation combined screening screening for advanced adenomas was significantly higher than the area under the ROC curve of Septin9, SDC2, TFPI2 gene methylation, FOBT alone, and SDC2 combined with TFPI2 gene methylation (0.568, 0.685, 0.535, 0.723 and 0.489), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Combined detection of Septin9, SDC2 and TFPI2 gene methylation can improve the sensitivity of colorectal lesion diagnosis and maintain high specificity. It has the clinical application value for early screening and diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer.

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Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 51-55, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871506

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effects of a single stage reconstruction and revascularization using a free Flow-through chimeric anterolateral thigh perforator (ALTP) flap in Gustillo III C limb injuries.Methods:From January, 2010 to December, 2017, 17 patients with Gustillo III C injury of extremities were repaired with Flow-through chimeric ALTP in emergency surgeries. The patients were 16 males and 1 female with mean age of 32.4 (19-55) years. The size of wounds ranged from 16 cm×8 cm-45 cm×30 cm. The injured arteries were Flow-through anastomosed with the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery to regain blood flow. The deep dead space was filled with vastus lateralis flap, and the skin flap and fascia flap were used for superficial covering. The donor site was closed directly in 6 patients, simultaneous skin grafts were applied in 11 patients.Results:The followed-up time ranged 5 to 60 (average 21.8) months, and conducted by clinic visits and by telephone or WeChat interviews. Fifteen flaps survived, and 2 flaps failed with limb amputated. Six patients were repaired with skin and fascia flaps and 11 patients received flaps comprising the skin, fascia and vastus lateralis muscle. Four flaps healed in stage I. Partial necrosis were observed in 11 flaps. Of which, 1 healed by change of dressing and 10 healed by skin grafting. No complications occurred in donor site in all patients.Conclusion:The Flow-through chimeric ALTP flap can be used in stage I reconstruction of the blood supply of limbs and meanwhile achieve the 3-D repair of defects. It is one of the reliable methods in the reconstruction of Gustillo III C injuries in the extremities.

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Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 467-471, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753181

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of microcatheter assisted trabeculectomy on the treatment of childhood glaucoma.Methods A prospective case series method was performed.Sixteen childhood glaucoma with 22 eyes were enrolled in Henan Eye Hospital and Zhengzhou Second People's Hospital from December 2016 to August 2017.Nine males with 12 eyes and 7 females with 10 eyes were included,and the age ranged from 6 months to 8 years (median 4 years).All the subjects underwent microcatheter assisted trabeculectomy.The intraocular pressure changes were observed preoperation and 7 days,1 month and 6 months after surgery,and the postoperative complications were analyzed.This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Henan Eye Hospital (2018KS-01) and Zhengzhou Secord People's Hospital (No.20161202001),and adhered to the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki.Written informed consent was obtained from each guardia prior to any medical examination.Results Twenty eyes of 14 patients underwent microcatheter assisted trabeculectomy,the success rate was 90.91%.Twelve eyes were operated with full incision (incision range was 360°),8 eyes were performed with subtotal incision (incision range was 180°-330°),while the microcatheter could not pass over 90° in 2 eyes and was switch to traditional Harms knife trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy intraoperatively.The intraocular pressures of the 20 eyes that underwent microcatheter assisted trabeculectomy preoperation,7 days,1 month and 6 months after surgery were (26.55 ±4.38),(20.48 ± 3.62),(13.71 ± 6.35) and (12.67 ± 5.37) mmHg,respectively.The intraocular pressures in patients at different time points were statistically significant (F=112.771,P<0.001).At the last follow-up,the intraocular pressures of 18 eyes were controlled.Among them,16 eyes achieved completely controlled intraocular pressure while 2 eyes returned to normal intraocular pressure after using ocular hypotensive drugs.The intraocular pressure of 2 eyes increased again after operation,and the intraocular pressure could not be controlled after combined use of anti-hypertensive drugs.All patients had no serious complications during and after the operation.Different degrees of anterior chamber hemorrhage occurred in 16 eyes during the surgery,and all the hemorrhages were absorbed within 1 week after surgery.Conclusions For children with glaucoma,microcatheter assisted trabeculectomy can achieve good intraocular pressure reduction effect without serious complications.

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Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 698-704, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797635

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To retrospectively analyze the distribution of non-fermentative bacteria causing bloodstream infection in hospitalized patients in Sichuan Province and their drug susceptibility to common antibiotics for better understanding their epidemiological characteristics.@*Methods@#From January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017, all of the non-fermentative bacteria isolated from patients with bloodstream infection in nine hospitals in Sichuan Province were collected. Species distribution and drug resistance test results were retrospectively analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 6 291 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated, including 3 674 strains of gram-negative bacteria (58.4%) and 2 617 strains of gram-positive bacteria (41.6%). The gram-positive bacteria were 1 895 strains of Staphylococcus (30.1%), 372 strains of Streptococcus (5.9%), 317 strains of Enterococcus (5.1%) and 33 strains of other gram-positive bacteria (0.5%). The gram-negative bacteria were 3 191 Enterobacteriaceae strains (50.7%), 389 non-fermentative strains (6.2%) and 94 other gram-negative strains (1.5%). The isolated non-fermentative bacteria were mainly Pseudomonas aeruginosa (136 strains, 35.0%), Acinetobacter baumannii (126 strains, 32.0%) and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (33 strains, 8.5%). There were 167 (42.9%), 112 (28.8%) and 82 (21.1%) non-fermentative bacteria isolated in internal medicine departments, ICUs and surgery departments, respectively. The drug resistance rates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to cefepime, ciprofloxacin and gentamicin were 16.5%, 10.7% and 9.9%, respectively. Carbapenems-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CR-PA) accounted for 13.6%. No polymyxin-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found. The resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii to all antibiotics were over 30% except for minocycline and polymyxin and 75.7% of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CR-AB) were isolated. The drug resistance rates to levofloxacin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and ceftazidime were 0%, 0% and 37.0% in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolates and 10.5%, 4.2% and 19% in Burkholderia cepacia isolates, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Non-fermentative bacteria causing 6.2% of bloodstream infection in Sichuan, mainly by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii. There were significant differences in the isolation rate of non-fermentative bacteria in different departments and most of the strains were isolated in internal medicine departments. The detection rate of Acinetobacter baumannii with multiple drug resistance was high, while other non-fermentative bacteria had good sensitivity to antibiotics.

20.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 698-704, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792024

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the distribution of non-fermentative bacteria cau-sing bloodstream infection in hospitalized patients in Sichuan Province and their drug susceptibility to com-mon antibiotics for better understanding their epidemiological characteristics. Methods From January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017, all of the non-fermentative bacteria isolated from patients with bloodstream in-fection in nine hospitals in Sichuan Province were collected. Species distribution and drug resistance test re-sults were retrospectively analyzed. Results A total of 6291 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated, including 3674 strains of gram-negative bacteria ( 58. 4%) and 2617 strains of gram-positive bacteria (41. 6%). The gram-positive bacteria were 1895 strains of Staphylococcus (30. 1%), 372 strains of Strep-tococcus (5. 9%), 317 strains of Enterococcus (5. 1%) and 33 strains of other gram-positive bacteria (0. 5%). The gram-negative bacteria were 3191 Enterobacteriaceae strains (50. 7%), 389 non-fermenta-tive strains (6. 2%) and 94 other gram-negative strains (1. 5%). The isolated non-fermentative bacteria were mainly Pseudomonas aeruginosa ( 136 strains, 35. 0%), Acinetobacter baumannii ( 126 strains, 32. 0%) and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia ( 33 strains, 8. 5%). There were 167 ( 42. 9%), 112 (28. 8%) and 82 (21. 1%) non-fermentative bacteria isolated in internal medicine departments, ICUs and surgery departments, respectively. The drug resistance rates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to cefepime, cipro-floxacin and gentamicin were 16. 5%, 10. 7% and 9. 9%, respectively. Carbapenems-resistant Pseudo-monas aeruginosa ( CR-PA) accounted for 13. 6%. No polymyxin-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found. The resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii to all antibiotics were over 30% except for minocy-cline and polymyxin and 75. 7% of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ( CR-AB) were isolated. The drug resistance rates to levofloxacin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and ceftazidime were 0%, 0% and 37. 0% in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolates and 10. 5%, 4. 2% and 19% in Burkholderia cepacia iso-lates, respectively. Conclusions Non-fermentative bacteria causing 6. 2% of bloodstream infection in Si-chuan, mainly by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii. There were significant differences in the isolation rate of non-fermentative bacteria in different departments and most of the strains were isolated in internal medicine departments. The detection rate of Acinetobacter baumannii with multiple drug resistance was high, while other non-fermentative bacteria had good sensitivity to antibiotics.

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