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1.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 217-222, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a prediction model for the prognosis of breast cancer patients with long non-coding RNA expression characteristics.Methods:To construct a long non-coding RNA(LncRNA) model for predicting the prognosis of breast cancer patients.Methods Analyzing LncRNA expression profiles and clinical characteristics of 1 081 breast cancer patients in the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) database.Performing differential expression analysis and univariate analysis on 112 paired breast cancer and normal breast tissues′ transcriptome sequencing data in the TCGA database, and screened for differentially expressed (DELncRNAs) that significantly correlated with the prognosis of BRCA (To reduce batch effects, sequencing data has been normalized using the DESeq function). One thousand eighty-one breast cancer patients were randomly divided into two groups: training set (541) and validation set (540). Performing Cox proportional hazard regression using DELncRNAs and establishing a multi-LncRNA prognosis model in the training set, followed by proportional hazards assumption test(PH assumption test). Patients were divided into high-risk and low-risk groups based on calculated risk score.Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, and 540 patients′ data were used for validation.To evaluate the prognostic value of the model in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the lung and hepatocarcinoma in TCGA database.Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) was used to analyze the specific mechanism of lncrna affecting the survival of patients.Results:There were 2815 differentially expressed genes screened by transcriptome sequencing, 91 of which were significantly related to the prognosis of breast cancer patients ( P<0.05). Based on the Cox regression analysis of 91 delncrna expression data from 541 breast cancer patients in training set, a Cox proportional risk regression model was constructed based on 5 LncRNA (training set AUC=0.746, validation set AUC=0.650): AC004551.1, MTOR-AS1, KCNAB1-AS2, FAM230G and LINC01283, and PH assumption test( P=0.388). K-M survival analysis showed that the survival time of high-risk group was significantly worse than that of low-risk group (median survival time: 7.049 and 12.21 years, HR 0.367, 95% CI0.228-0.597, P<0.001), and the survival time of high-risk group was significantly shorter than that of low-risk group (median survival time: 7.57 and 10.85 years, HR 0.412, 95% CI0.214-0.793, P<0.001). Similar prediction results were also obtained in other cancer species of TCGA: lung squamous cell carcinoma ( HR 0.604, 95% CI0.383-0.951, P=0.007) and liver cell carcinoma ( HR 0.551, 95% CI0.307-0.987, P=0.011). GSEA results suggested that the expression patterns of the above five LncRNA were related to the cell cycle regulation of tumor cells. Conclusion:The prognostic model constructed based on expression profile of AC004551.1, MTOR-AS1, KCNAB1-AS2, FAM230G and LINC01283 can be used to predict the prognosis of breast cancer patients, which is helpful to further guide clinical treatment.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 580-586, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807222

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effects of metastasis associated 1 (MTA1) on biological characteristics such as migration, invasion and proliferation of gastric cancer (GC) cells.@*Methods@#pSilencer3.1-MTA1-siRNA vector was used to establish human gastric cancer BGC-823 cell lines with constitutive MTA1-knockdown. Boyden, wound healing, clony forming assay and 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay were performed to identify the effects of MTA1-deficiency on the biological behaviors of BGC-823 cells in vitro. Simultaneously, MTA1 overexpressed BGC-823 cell line was established by pcDNA3-MTA1 plasmid transfection for reverse verification. In addition, the role of MTA1 in the tumorigenicity of gastric cancer BGC823 cells in vivo was examined by subcutaneous injection of BGC-823 cells expressing different MTA1 levels into nude mice. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot were used to detect the expression levels of integrin β1, cyclin D1 and uPAR in pSilencer3.1-MTA1-siRNA, pcDNA3-MTA1 transfected cells and control cells.@*Results@#MTA1 knocked down or upregulated BGC-823 cell lines were successfully generated by transfecting pSilencer3.1-MTA1-siRNA or pcDNA3-MTA1 vector with lipofectamine 2000, respectively. The Boyden and wound healing experiments showed metastasis and invasion ability in MTA1 knocked down cells (25±2, 12±1) were significantly decreased when compared with those of control (78±2, 50±2) and MTA1-overexpressed groups (218±2, 269±3; P<0.05). The results of MTT assay and colony forming assay were significantly decreased when compared with those of showed that MTA1 overexpressed cells grew more rapidly and formed more colonies in vitro and induced worse malignant tumors in vivo, while MTA1 knocked down cells presented the reversed phenotype[control group (1 482.41±511.90) mm3, (1.39±0.29)g; MTA1 overexpressed group [(3 158.73±1 823.22) mm3, (2.23±0.51)g; MTA1-downregulated group (711.32±284.30)mm3, (0.87±0.21) g ; P<0.05)]. In addition, RT-PCR result showed that the expression level of MTA1 was positively correlated with the known metastasis-related genes (integrinβ1, cyclinD1, uPAR).@*Conclusions@#MTA1 promotes the invasion, migration and proliferation of human gastric cancer BGC-823 cells. On the contrary, down-regulation of MTA1 significantly inhibits tumorigenicity of BGC-823 cells and induces favorable phenotypes. MTA1 may promote the malignant phenotype of BGC-23 cells via regulating the expressions of integrinβ1, cyclinD1 and uPAR.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608187

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the biological effects of exosomes secreted by KYSE410 cells on migration and invasion of KYSE410,KYSE510,YES2 cells and the possible mechanisms underlying the phenotype change.Methods The exosomes were isolated from the conditional supernatant of esophageal cancer cell line KYSE410 by ultracentrifugation.The morphology of exosomes was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM).Western blotting was used to detect the protein markers of exosomes.The uptaken of fluorescence-labeled KYSE410 exosomes by KYSE410,KYSE510 and YES2 was also recorded under confocal microscopy.Migration and invasion ability of the three esophageal carcinoma cell lines and the effects of exosomes from KYSE410 on migration and invasion of KYSE410,KYSE510 and YES2 cells were analyzed by Transwell chamber,respectively.The alteration of Wnt/β-catenin and PI3K/Akt pathway-related proteins were detected by Western blotting.Results The membrane structure of KYSE410 derived exosomes could be observed with its diameter ranged between 30-100nm.The invasion and migration ability of three esophageal cancer cells are KYSE410> KYSE510> YES2.KYSE410 exosomes promoted the migration and invasion of KYSE410,KYSE510 and YES2 cells.Conclusions Concentrated exosomes derived from the highly migratory and invasive esophageal cancer cell line KYSE410 promoted the migration and invasion potentials of itself and esophageal cancer cell lines KYSE510 and YES2,which possibly exerted the effects by activating Wnt/β-catenin and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618485

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a programmed cell death ligand 1(PD-L1) co-expression network in lung squamous cell carcinoma,screen potential PD-L1 co-expression biomarkers,and try to find the genes and pathways participating in PD-L1-regulated tumor immune response.Methods The lung squamous cell carcinoma dataset extracted from TCGA was used to screen the co-expression genes of PD-L 1 at the whole-genome transcriptional level by Venny analysis,and the target genes were screened by multiple types of cluster and molecular network analysis to construct a PD-L1 co-expression network.Results A total of 126 genes moderately co-expressed with PD-L1 were retrieved,most of them are plasma membrane targeting genes participating in immune response.Three transcription factors (IRF2/NFKB1/IRF1) were involved in more than 30% the regulation of the PD-L1 genes transcription.By screening the core molecules of co-expression of PD-L1 gene set and analyzing the connectivity of network node,6 network nodes genes with the highest connectivity were retrieved as follows:IFNG,JAK2,STAT1,CTLA4,CD80 and CCR5.Analysis of the relations of the different expression levels of these genes to the survival situation of patients with lung cancer revealed that CCR5 was a significant prognostic marker.Analysis of the PD-L1 expression and CCR5 gene spectrum data showed the Pearson correlation coefficient is 0.47(P<0.05);GO-BP cluster analysis showed that the function of CCR5 mainly focused on immune regulation,T cell regulation and signal transduction,in accordance with the PD-L1 function of network regulation.Conclusions The main nodes of PD-L1 co-expressing gene set are immune-related molecules,among which IFNG/CCR5/NFKB1 play the most significant regulatory effects in the gene network.This finding lays a foundation for the research and immunotherapy for lung squamous cell carcinoma.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486529

ABSTRACT

Precision medicine is a new developing area of medical research and clinical practice, which is stemmed from the urgent need for high-profile medical health care and fast emergence of exquisite biological and medical technologies.Precision medicine, mainly based on the individualized molecular medicine and sophisticated medical techniques, offers multiple dimensional imaging examinations and biological molecular assays to make subsequent therapeutic strategies much more optimized to the personal disease characteristics than the traditional regimes, hence pursuing maximized efficacy and minimized side effects.The precision medicine in China is stepping into a vigorously developing stage after its first official initiation.This review summarized the development and program design of precision medicine in China to shed light on this growingly progressing area.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486528

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen the genes most relevant to lymph node metastasis of cervical cancer and identify the genes at the key knots of the regulatory network to provide the potential targets for cervical cancer intervention.Methods The transcriptional profiling database of TCGA was used, and random forests algorithm was adopted to rank the genes related to lymph node metastasis extracted from GeneCards database.STRING and Cytospace tolls were used to build the interactive regulatory network and identify the most weighted genes localized in the central of the network.DAVID platform was used to perform a functional annotation for the whole geneset.Results We ranked 2784 genes in respect to their potential contributions to lymph node metastasis of cervical cancer and identified the genes at the key knob.The genes related to cancer metastasis were enriched to cytokines pathway, MAPK pathway, wnt pathway, intercellular interaction, adhesive conjunction, cellular skeleton regulation, etc.Some of the identified key genes, like EGFR, NOTCH1, RHOA, etc. have been verified to be closely related cervical cancer metastasis in the basic and clinical research. Conclusion Random forests algorithm is useful, taking advantages of TCGA database, in enriching the genes playing significant role in cervical cancer metastasis.A majority of the genes in the analyzed geneset were indicated to be significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis.

7.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 498-502, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469497

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect and mechanism of metastasis associated gene 1 (MTA1) on epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT) of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(ESCC).Methods Lentivirus infection method was used to establish the MTA1 knocking out cell line (LV3-shMTA1-KYSE410) and the MTA1 overexpressing cell line (LVS-MTA1-KYSE450).Western Blot was used to measure the expression of MTA1 and the proteins associated with EMT process.Furthermore,the expression and localization of E-cadherin and Vimentin were observed by immunofluorescence assay under confocal microscope.Finally,the wound healing method was performed to confirm the changes of migration ability of the established cell lines.Results When KYSE-450 cells were overexpressed MTA1,the expression level of E-cadherin was down-regulated while Vimentin was up-regulated,and the migration ability was enhanced (0.91 ± 0.00 vs.0.23 ± 0.04,P <0.05).When MTA1 was knocked out in KYSE-410 cells,the results were the opposite (0.19±0.01 vs 0.53±0.01,P <0.05).Conclusion Overexpression of MTA1 may promote the process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition and enhance the migration ability of ESCC.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452653

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether the Chinese medicine Guben Yiliu III can improve the effect of gemcit -abine on human pancreatic cancer xenograft in nude mice . Methods Nude mice with transplanted human pancreatic cancer were divided randomly into 4 groups: control group, gemcitabine treatment group , combined ( Guben Yiliu III +gemcitabine) group, and Guben Yiliu III group, 10 mice in each group.The gemcitabine group and combined group were treated with gemcitabine from the 8th day after transplantation in a dose of 100 mg/kg by i.p.injection, twice a week. Guben Yiliu III and combined groups were given the aqueous solution of Guben Yiliu III granules p .o.since the 8th day af-ter transplantation .Result The inhibition rate of transplanted tumor in the three treatment groups were 48.9% in the gemcitabine group , 68.9%in the combined group , and 28.0%in the Guben Yiliu III group .The combined group showed a significantly higher inhibition rate than the gemcitabine group (P<0.05).The gemcitabine group, combined group and Guben Yiliu III group showed a significantly slower growth rate than the control group .However, the combined treatment group showed a pronounced side effect and body weight loss than the other 3 groups .Conclusions The Chinese medicine Guben Yiliu III can improve the inhibitory effect of gemcitabine on nude mice with human pancreatic cancer xenograft in the auxilla of nude mice .

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422190

ABSTRACT

PUMA (p53 up-regulated modulator of apoptosis) is a recently discovered Bcl-2 family member which could be rapidly induced by p53 and has strong pro-apoptotic effects.PUMA has attracted much attention in the research of life science.PUMA expression results in potent growth suppression of some cancer cells through induction of apoptosis.PUMA can also significantly sensitize some cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents and irradiation through induction of apoptosis.PUMA is potentially useful in gene therapy of tumor.But recently,researchers have also found that PUMA participates in the process of carcinogenesis and possessed important biological functions.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421835

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the relationship between metastasis-associated gene 1 ( MTA1 )expression and invasive and metastatic ability of cervical cancer cell. MethodsThree kinds of plasmids pcDNA3( control group), pcDNA3-MTA1 ( MTA1 group) and pSilencer3. 1-MTA1-siRNA ( MTA1-siRNAgroup) were transfected into human cervical cancer cell line CaSki cells. Reverse transcription (RT)-PCR and western blot were used to detected MTA1 mRNA and protein expressions. The effects of MTA1 expression on CaSki cell growth and proliferation, cell migration, adhesion and invasion, and cell cycles were tested by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT), clone formation experiment, wound-healing assay, transwell assay, adhesion assay and flow cytometry, respectively. In animal experiment, three groups of cells were inoculated to BALB/c nude mouse subcutaneously to observe tumor formation ability. ResultsCompared with control group, MTA1 mRNA and protein were significantly overexpressed in MTA1 group, while MTA1-siRNA group showed lower MTA1 expression. Compared with control group, MTA1 group showed significantly accelerated cell growth; while MTA1-siRNA group showed decreased cell growth since the second day (P<0. 05). Clone formation number in control, MTA1 and MTA1-siRNA group were 133 ±6, 169 ± 10 and 57 ±5,respectively. MTA1 group showed accelerated cell formation, while MTA1-siRNA group showed the reverse effect compared with that in control group(P < 0. 05 ). At 24, 48 and 72 hours after wounding, the healing ability of MTA1-siRNA group significantly lagged behind that in the control group, while MTA1 group showed accelerated cell healing ability. The adhesion rate of control, MTA1 and MTA1-siRNA group were (69. 3 ± 3. 6) %, ( 80. 4 ± 5. 6 ) % and ( 39. 2 ± 7.4 ) % separately at 90 minutes after cell seeding. In contrast with control group, MTA1 group promoted the adhesion of CaSki cell to matrigel matrix, while MTA1-siRNA group inhibited the adhesion process (P <0. 05 ). In the migration assay, the number of cells migrated to the bottom side of the membrane in control,MTA1 and MTA1-siRNA group were 153 ± 17,247 ± 38 and 82 ± 10, respectively. The number of cells in the invasion assay were 231 ± 19,354 ± 36 and 76 ± 7, respectively. Compared with the control group, MTA1 group significantly increased the migration and invasion ability, while MTA 1-siRNA group showed lower cell migration and invasion ability (P < 0. 05 ). In cell cycle experiment, no significant differences of cell proportions including G1, S and G2 stage were found among three groups (P > 0.05).In animal experiment, compared with control group,MTA1 group showed accelersted tumor formation and growth,whilethe MTA1-siRNA group showed the reverse effect ( P < 0. 05 ). ConclusionsMTA1 may play its roles to promote cervical cancer cell invasion, migration, adhesion, as well as cell growth and colony formation, while RNA interference against MTA1 may decrease the malignant phenotypes. This study shows that it will be an effective beginning to explore metastasis mechanisms and cancer gene therapy strategy targeting MTA1 in cervical cancer.

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