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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 85-91, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006515

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To explore the correlation between the imaging features of peripheral ground-glass pulmonary nodules and the invasion degree of lung adenocarcinoma, and the high risk factors for infiltrating lung adenocarcinoma under thin-slice CT, which provides some reference for clinicians to plan the surgical methods of pulmonary nodules before operation and to better communicate with patients, and assists in building a clinical predictive model for invasive adenocarcinoma. Methods    Clinical data of the patients with peripheral ground-glass pulmonary nodules (diameter≤3 cm) in thin-slice chest CT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2019 to January 2020 were continuously collected. All patients underwent thin-slice CT scan and thoracoscopic surgery in our center. According to the pathological examination results, they were divided into two groups: an adenocarcinoma lesions before infiltration group, and an invasive lung adenocarcinoma group. The thin-slice CT imaging parameters of pulmonary nodules were collected. The nodular diameter, mean CT value, consolidation tumor ratio (CTR), nodular shape, vacuolar sign, bronchial air sign, lobulation sign, burr sign, lesion boundary, pleural depression sign, vascular cluster sign and other clinical data were collected. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to analyze the independent risk factors for the infiltrating lung adenocarcinoma, and to analyze the threshold value and efficacy of each factor for the identification of infiltrating lung adenocarcinoma. Results     Finally 190 patients were enrolled. There were 110 patients in the adenocarcinoma lesions before infiltration group, including 21 males and 89 females with a mean age of 53.57±10.90 years, and 80 patients in the invasive lung adenocarcinoma group, including 31 males and 49 females with a mean age of 56.45±11.30 years. There was a statistical difference in the mean CT value, nodular diameter, CTR, gender, smoking, nodular type, nodular shape, vacuolar sign, lobulation sign, burr sign, lesion boundary, pleural depression sign, vascular cluster sign between the two groups (P<0.05). However, there was no statistical difference between the two groups in age (P=0.081), lesion site (P=0.675), and bronchial air sign (P=0.051). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that nodular diameter, mean CT value, CTR and lobulation sign were independent risk factors for differentiating preinvasive adenocarcinoma from invasive adenocarcinoma. At the same time, the threshold value was calculated by Youden index, indicating that the CTR was 0.45, the nodal diameter was 10.5 mm and the mean CT value was –452 Hu. Conclusion     In the peripheral ground-glass pulmonary nodules, according to the patient's CT imaging features, such as mixed ground-glass nodules, irregular shapes, vacuoles, short burrs, clear boundaries, pleural indentations, and vascular clusters, have a certain reference value in the discrimination of the invasion degree of ground-glass pulmonary nodules. At the same time, it is found in this research that peripheral ground-glass pulmonary nodules with diameter greater than 10.5 mm, CT value greater than –452 Hu, CTR greater than 0.45 and lobulation sign are more likely to be infiltrating lung adenocarcinoma.

2.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 84-87, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the chest drainage effect of use different diameter thoracic drainage tube after biportal thoracoscopic radical resection for lung cancer.Methods:300 patients with lung cancer who received biportal thoracoscopic radical resection were divided into group A and group B from January 2018 to September 2020. Group A: 150 patients with single 28# thoracic drainage tube after surgery. Group B: 150 patients with single 20# thoracic drainage tube and a negative pressure drainage ball after surgery. The postoperative drainage volume, drainage time, postoperative pain, postoperative thoracic puncture, hospital stay and total hospital expenses were compared.Results:No significant difference between the two groups in terms of sex, age, postoperative pathological type and resection range. There no significant difference between the two groups in total drainage volume [(1 010.31±525.29)ml vs.(985.35±403.93)ml] and total drainage time [(5.69±2.55)days vs.(5.42±1.94)days]. The difference of different diameter thoracic drainage tube used [(5.69±2.55)days vs.(2.88±0.64)days] was statistically significant. There were significant differences between two groups in terms of hospital stay[(12.64±2.89)days vs.(11.25±1.62)days] and total hospital expenses[(62 899.00±1 588.82) yuan vs.(64 327.00±3 587.04)yuan]. No significant differences on the postoperative first day, second day and third day in VAS pain scores. However, on the postoperative fifth day, the difference was statistically significant. In addition, the rate of group A postoperative thoracic puncture was 10%, group B was 0, the comparison was statistically significant.Conclusion:Using a single thin thoracic drainage tube and plus a negative pressure drainage ball after biportal thoracoscopic radical resection for lung cancer will not cause pain increase, shorten hospital stay days, control the rate of postoperative thoracic puncture and then reduce patients total hospital expenses.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 719-724, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958311

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety, efficacy and performance of disposable cholangiopancreatoscope in the diagnosis and treatment of bile duct diseases.Methods:A total of 20 subjects were selected and 16 subjects were enrolled in the prospective and exploratory clinical study which were performed in the Digestive Endoscope Center of Hangzhou First People's Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine from July 2021 to August 2021. The disposable cholangiopancreatoscope was used to diagnose bile duct diseases in routine endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Biopsies were performed in cases where malignancy was considered. The use related indexes and performance indexes of the instruments were analyzed.Results:Among the 16 patients, there were 6 cases of biliary space-occupying lesions, 6 cases of biliary calculi, and 4 cases of benign biliary stricture before operation. The success rate of the disposable insertion was 100.00% (16/16), and the success rate of observation was 100.00% (16/16). Three biliary space-occupying lesions diagnosed as malignant tumor under cholangiopancreatoscope were confirmed by pathology after operation. Diagnosis of other patients was consistent with preoperative diagnose, so no biopsy was conducted. The rate of positive feedback from operators in directional control was 81.25% (13/16), the image failure rate was 18.75% (3/16), and the rate of positive feedback for image clarity was 93.75% (15/16). In terms of clinical performance, the imaging quality of excellence was 93.75% (15/16), the flexible degree of excellence was 81.25% (13/16), and other indexes were all 100.00% excellence. During the period, there were no instrument defects, pancreatitis, perforation, bleeding or other instrument-related adverse events.Conclusion:The effectiveness, safety and performance indexes of domestic disposable cholangiopancreatoscope have reached the standards of clinical application with high pixel, integration, and portability. It's worthy of clinical recommendation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 635-640, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) for the treatment of pancreatic walled-off necrosis (WON).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was performed on data of 43 consecutive patients with pancreatic WON who underwent endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage by LAMS or plastic stents (PS) in Hangzhou First People's Hospital from December 2010 to June 2020. According to the type of stent used, the patients were divided into the LAMS group ( n=16) and the PS group ( n=27). The technical success rate, the clinical success rate, the operation time, the session of endoscopic necrosectomy, the stent insertion time and adverse events were compared between the two groups. Results:All 43 patients were successfully stented, indicating a technical success rate of 100% in both groups. For the LAMS group, the clinical success rate, the operation time, the session of endoscopic necrosectomy, the stent insertion time and overall incidence of adverse events were 75.0% (12/16), 26.0 (19.1, 39.8) min, 0.5 (0, 2.0) times, (41.3±28.4) days, and 43.7% (7/16), respectively, whereas these indices of the PS group were 37.0% (10/27) ( χ2=5.795, P=0.016), 31.0 (26.0, 48.0) min ( Z=1.221, P=0.222), 0 (0, 0) times ( Z=2.245, P=0.025), (176.1±99.1) days ( t=5.187, P<0.001) and 14.8% (4/27) ( χ2=8.893, P=0.064), respectively. Conclusion:LAMS placement is safe and effective for the treatment of pancreatic WON with a higher clinical success rate compared with PS. However, it requires more endoscopic intervention.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 866-870, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for pancreas divisum(PD)with chronic pancreatitis (CP) in adults.Methods:Data of patients older than 18 years old diagnosed as having PD with CP in Hangzhou First People′s Hospital from January 2008 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, i. e.the general information, ERCP procedures and follow-up data of the patients. The number of acute pancreatitis attacks, visual analogue scale (VAS) of abdominal pain, and the diameter of pancreatic duct before and after ERCP were compared.Results:A total of 61 patients diagnosed as having PD with CP underwent 301 ERCP procedures with the median number of 4(3.0-6.5). The median number of pancreatic stent replacement was 3 (2-6). The success rate of the first minor papilla cannulation was 90.2% (55/61), and the total success rate of minor papilla cannulation was 98.0% (295/301). The efficacy rate of the first ERCP was 82.0% (50/61). ERCP-related complication rate was 2.7% (8/301). The median follow-up time was 54 months (31.0-97.5 months). The median number of acute pancreatitis attacks decreased from 2.40 to 0 ( Z=-6.726, P<0.001) compared with that before ERCP. The median VAS decreased from 7 to 2 ( Z=-6.621, P<0.001). The median pancreatic duct diameter decreased from 5.0 mm to 4.0 mm ( Z=-2.330, P=0.020). However, the mean weight increased from 56.04±10.75 kg to 58.62±10.79 kg ( t=-5.285, P<0.001)one year after the procedure. Conclusion:ERCP is safe and effective in the diagnosis and treatment of PD with CP in adults.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 460-464, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912136

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for diagnosis and treatment of pancreas divisum (PD) combined with chronic pancreatitis (CP) in children.Methods:Data of patients under 18 years old diagnosed as having PD with CP in Hangzhou First People′s Hospital from January 2010 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The general information, endoscopic procedures and follow-up of the children were recored. The number of acute pancreatitis attacks, visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of the abdominal pain, and the diameter of pancreatic duct before and after ERCP were compared.Results:A total of 19 children diagnosed as having PD with CP underwent 82 ERCP procedures with the mean number of 4.31 (1-9). The mean number of pancreatic stent replacement was 3.21 (0-8). The success rate of minor papilla cannulation was 97.6% (80/82) with the pain relief rate of 89.5% (17/19) after the first ERCP. ERCP-related complication rate was 4.9% (4/82)without transference to surgery. The mean follow-up time was 55.8 months (9-114 months). The median number of acute pancreatitis attacks decreased from 3.0 to 0 compared with that before the procedure ( Z=-3.839, P<0.001) and the median VAS score decreased from 6 to 1 ( Z=-3.748, P<0.001), both of which had significant difference. However, the median diameters of main pancreatic duct were both 0.35 cm before and after procedure with no significant difference ( Z=-0.699, P=0.484). Conclusion:ERCP is safe and effective to diagnose and treat pediatric patients with PD with CP.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 443-448, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909889

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in treating Stanford type B traumatic aortic dissection (TAD).Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical date of 26 patients with Stanford type B TAD admitted to Nantong First People's Hospital from June 2011 to December 2019. There were 21 males and 5 females, aged 35-83 years [(56.2±12.9)years]. All patients mainly suffered from chest and back trauma and were treated with TEVAR. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative heparin dosage, duration of ICU stay and postoperative organ complications were collected. The changes of brain natriuretic peptide, urea nitrogen and creatinine were compared before operation and at one day after operation. The CT angiography (CTA) was performed to mainly detect the location of stent, reverse tearing, paraplegia and internal leakage at 6 months after TEVAR. The aortic CTA was used to measure the maximum diameter of aortic dissecting aneurysm and true lumen diameter of distal aorta before operation and at 6 months after operation, and the diameter changes were compared to determine the aortic remodeling after TEVAR.Results:All patients were followed up for 6-36 months [(25.9±6.3)months]. The operation time was 60-200 minutes [(96.7±30.7)minutes], the intraoperative blood loss was 20-45 ml [(31.1±6.8)ml], the dosage of heparin was 0-0.53 mg/kg [(0.4±0.1)mg/kg], the postoperative ICU stay was 1-7 days [(4.7±1.3)days]. Seven patients developed pulmonary infections after operation and showed significant improvement after closed thoracic drainage, airway management and anti-infection treatment. Two patients had abnormal renal function after operation and received medical therapy for improvement. There was no significant difference in brain natriuretic peptide, urea nitrogen and creatinine between before operation and one day after operation ( P>0.05). At 6 months after operation, the CTA showed that the stent position was satisfactory and there were no serious complications such as reverse tearing and paraplegia. Of one patient with type I endoleak, the tumor did not further expand and his condition was stable. At 6 months after operation, the diameter of dissecting aneurysm [(34.4±5.0)mm] was smaller than that before operation [(38.2±5.6)mm], the true lumen of distal stent [(26.8±4.6)mm] was larger than that before operation [(22.6±6.0)mm] ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Conclusion:For Stanford type B TAD, TEVAR has no significant effect on cardiac function and renal function, with no severe complications and good aortic remodeling.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 632-637, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871433

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic effect of SpyGlass direct visualization system (SpyGlass) on cholangiopancreatic duct stenosis and large bile duct stones.Methods:Patients with cholangiopancreatic duct stenosis or large bile duct stones of indeterminate reasons who underwent SpyGlass at Hangzhou First People′s Hospital from September 2012 to August 2018 were recruited. Cholangiopancreatic duct stenosis were visually diagnosed using SpyGlass, and some patients underwent Spybite biopsy. Large bile duct stones were treated with SpyGlass-guided laser lithotripsy under direct visualization. The procedure success rate, clinical success rate, and adverse event incidence associated with SpyGlass were analyzed.Results:SpyGlass was performed to diagnose and treat 114 patients with bile duct stricture, 11 patients with pancreatic duct stricture and 19 patients with large bile duct stones. The total procedure success rate was 98.6% (142/144). The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of SpyGlass visual diagnosis of bile duct stricture of indeterminate reasons were 97.1% (67/69), 95.3% (41/43), 96.4% (108/112), 97.1% (67/69), and 95.3% (41/43), respectively. The accuracy of SpyGlass visual diagnosis of pancreatic duct stricture of indeterminate reasons was 100.0% (11/11). Of the 19 patients with large bile duct stones, the lithotripsy success rate was 89.5% (17/19). The success rate of primary extraction was 73.7% (14/19), and that of secondary extraction was 100.0% (5/5). The total extraction success rate was 100.0% (19/19) Four patients (2.8%) had postoperative complications, including three cases of acute cholangitis and one case of mild acute pancreatitis.Conclusion:SpyGlass is accurate and safe in the diagnosis of cholangiopancreatic duct stenosis. It is also effective and safe for treating large bile duct stones combined with laser lithotripsy.

9.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 180-184, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871389

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of SpyGlass endoscopy system (short for SpyGlass) for indeterminate bile duct stricture.Methods:Data of patients who underwent SpyGlass examination for indeterminate bile duct stricture at Hangzhou First People′s Hospital from September 2012 to August 2017 were reviewed. The diagnostic value of SpyGlass for indeterminate bile duct stricture was analyzed.Results:A total of 88 patients with indeterminate biliary stricture were diagnosed with SpyGlass. The procedure success rate was 97.7% (86/88). The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of SpyGlass for indeterminate bile duct stricture were 98.1%(52/53), 96.9% (31/32), 97.6% (83/85), 98.1% (52/53)and 96.9% (31/32), respectively. Three patients (3.5%, 3/86) had postoperative complications and were cured by conservative treatment.Conclusion:SpyGlass is safe and effective for indeterminate biliary stricture with high sensitivity and accuracy and low incidence of complications.

10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 947-952, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829111

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of the first domestic ACYW135 meningococcal conjugate vaccine and a control vaccine named AC group meningococcal conjugate vaccine for 3 months (90-119 days) infants. From February 2017 to June 2018, a randomized, blinded, and similar vaccine-controlled clinical trial design was adopted at the Henan Vaccine Clinical Research Base. The subjects were 3 months old healthy infants, a total of 720, based on a 1∶1 ratio. The random allocation table for entry was randomly assigned to the experimental group and the control group. According to the 3, 4, and 5 month-old vaccination procedures, the subjects were vaccinated with test vaccine (ACYW135 group meningococcal conjugate vaccine) and control vaccine (group A group C meningococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccine), of which 720 were given the first dose, 696 were given the second dose (test group: 346; control group: 350), and 692 were given the third dose (test group: 344; Control group: 348). The overall adverse reaction rate of the test vaccine was 21.90% (230 cases), which was lower than the 32.04% (339 cases) of the control vaccine (0.05). Group Y and W135 was 88.17% (298 cases), 99.41% (336 cases), respectively. The GMT results showed that the test vaccine group A was 56.24, the control vaccine was 57.43 (>0.05); the group C test vaccine (43.53) was higher than the control group (27.28) (<0.001). The group Y and W135 are 89.22 and 140.66, respectively. Among them, the proportion of the group C GMT antibody ≥ 1∶128 for test vaccine (31.07%, 105 cases) was higher than the control vaccine (16.22%, 55 cases) (<0.001). ACYW135 group meningococcal conjugate vaccine has more safety and immunogenicity after application to 3 month old infants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Antibodies, Bacterial , Meningococcal Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Vaccines, Conjugate
11.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 72-75, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798828

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To research the functions of miR-3960 in all-trans-retinoic acid (atRA) induced cleft palate mouse model in order to provide the theoretical basis for gene therapy of cleft palate.@*Methods@#Excessive atRA induced cleft palate mouse model was established and palatine process tissues were collected. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-3960. miRBase was used to analyse the characteristics of miR-3960 sequence. TargetScanMouse Prediction of microRNA targetswas used to predict the target genes of miR-3960. DAVID v6.8 database was used to perform bioinformatics analysis of target genes.@*Results@#miR-3960 was up-regulated in the experimental group. From the analysis of miRBase, we only got the sequences of miR-3960 in two species, and the two sequences were the same. There were 320 predicted target genes, the functions were mainly concentrated in cell proliferation, cell differentiation, embryo development and tissue development and so on (P<0.05), the signaling pathways were mainly concentrated in the calcium signaling pathway, cAMP signaling pathway and cGMP-PKG signaling pathway and so on (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#In excessive atRA induced cleft palate mouse models, the up-regulated miR-3960 may result in cleft palate by inhibiting the proliferation and differentiation of palatal mesenchymal cells.

12.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 515-519, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756390

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of different thoracicdrainage methods afte single holethoracoscopicsurgery for lung cancer. Methods 200 patents with lung cancer undergoing single holethoracoscopicsurgery were divided into two groups :group A and group B in the first affliliated Hospital of Suzhou University from April 2014 to December 2016. Group A:100 patients with 30#single thoracic drainage tube after operation. Groupe B:100 patients with 30#thoracic drainage tube plus a negative pressure drainage tube after operation. The amount of thoracic drainage tube , drainage time , postoperative chest puncture, postoperative pain, hospital stay and total costs of hospitalization were observed in both groups. Results There was no difference in age, sex, pathological type and pulmonary lobectomy between the two groups. Total thoracic drainage [(1007.4±512.95)mlvs.(982.35±359.93)ml]andtotaltubetime[(5.71±2.61)daysvs.(5.43±1.91)days]hadno significant difference between the two groups. There was a significant difference in the length of 30 # thoracic drainage tube [(5.71±2.61)daysvs.(2.9±0.61)days]betweenthetwogroups. Thedifferenceofhospitalizationtime[(12.05±2.93) daysvs.(13.45±4.15)days]andhospitalizationexpenses[(63376.47±1615.82)yuanvs.(64449.82±3650.04)yuan] was statistically significant. The rate of rethoracotomy in gruop A was 7%, the rate of rethoracotomy in group B was 0, the comparison between the two groups was statistically significant. VAS pain scores were compared on the first day and the second day, there was no significant difference on the third day after operation. On the fifth day after operation, the difference was sta-tistically significant. Conclusion Adding a negative pressure drainage tube on the basis of using a single thoracoscopic drain-age tube for radical resection of lung cancer after single hole thoracoscopic surgery will not increase postoperative pain of pa-tients, significantly shorten postoperative hospitalization time, effectively control postoperativerethoracopunchure rate, thus ef-fectively reduce postoperative hospitalization costs of patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 402-406, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756268

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of population and the changes of disease spectrum in patients treated by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ( ERCP ) . Methods Data of 20170 patients, who underwent ERCP in the First People' s Hospital of Hangzhou from May 2004 to February 2018, were enrolled in the retrospective analysis. According to the year of diagnosis and treatment,patients were divided into 2004-2008, 2009-2013, and 2014-2018 group; according to the postoperative diagnosis of ERCP, they were divided into biliary tract diseases ( including calculus, benign stenosis, malignant stenosis, and other causes ) and pancreatic diseases ( including acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic malignant tumor, and other causes ) group; and according to the age, they were divided into the younger age (0-18 years old), young and middle age (19-65 years old), old age (66-85 years old), and advanced age (>85 years old) group. Statistical analysis was performed in the different groups. Results Among the 20170 patients, there were 10260 males and 9910 females, with age of 62. 65± 17. 11 years. The proportion of the younger age group and the advanced age group was 1. 04%( 24/2308 ) , 1. 69% ( 127/7520 ) , 2. 39% ( 247/10342 ) , and 2. 95% ( 68/2308 ) , 4. 19%( 315/7520 ) , 6. 15% ( 636/10342 ) , respectively, in the 2004-2008, 2009-2013 and 2014-2018 subgroups, with a rising trend (P<0. 017). A total 20032 patients had a clear postoperative diagnosis, including 15618 ( 77. 97%) of biliary diseases and 4414 ( 22. 03%) of pancreatic diseases. Biliary stones accounted for the majority of biliary diseases (63. 2%, 9863/15618), and its proportion increased from 59. 9% ( 1191/1987 ) in 2004-2008 to 64. 5% ( 5118/7939 ) in 2014-2018 ( P= 0. 000 ) . Acute pancreatitis accounted for the majority of pancreatic diseases (67. 4%, 1973/4414), and its proportion increased from 52. 4% ( 162/309) in 2004-2008 to 69. 9% ( 1636/2340) in 2014-2018 ( P=0. 000) . The top 3 diseases in the younger group and the advanced age group were acute pancreatitis ( 32. 58%, 129/396) , biliary stones ( 25. 25%, 100/396 ) , chronic pancreatitis ( 22. 22%, 88/396 ) , and biliary stones (56. 46%, 568/1006), malignant biliary stenosis (12. 52%, 126/1006), benign biliary stricture ( 10. 34%, 104/1006) , respectively. Conclusion The main disease of patients receiving ERCP is biliary stone, and the proportion of acute pancreatitis is increased. The overall age of the patients is old, and the proportion of the elderly and underaged patients is gradually increasing. Biliary diseases and pancreatic diseases are the main diseases in elderly patients and younger patients, respectively.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 363-366, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755117

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) in patients with biliary obstruction and surgically altered anatomies.Methods We collected data from 33 patients with biliary obstruction and surgically altered anatomies from January 2016 to January 2018 in Zhejiang University School of Medicine Affiliated Hangzhou First People's Hospital who underwent EUS-guided biliary drainage after unsuccessful ERCP.The operation success rate,clinical success rate,complication rate,hospital stay were studied.Results Of 33 patients,31 were successfully operated and stented using endoscopic ultrasound puncture:14 patients through the stomach,17 patients through the duodenum;8 patients by the rendezvous approach.The operation success rate was 93.9%.Of the 33 patients,28 had a significant decrease in jaundice,with a clinical success rate of 84.9%.Complications consisted of 2 patients with bleeding and 1 patient with cholangitis.These patients improved after conservative treatment.The complications rate was 9.1%.The hospital stay was (12.4±5.7) d.Conclusion EUS-BD can be the first choice for patients with biliary obstruction and surgically altered anatomy after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiograohv in centers with exoertise in EUS-BD procedures.

15.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 515-519, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797966

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of different thoracicdrainage methods afte single holethoracoscopicsurgery for lung cancer.@*Methods@#200 patents with lung cancer undergoing single holethoracoscopicsurgery were divided into two groups : group A and group B in the first affliliated Hospital of Suzhou University from April 2014 to December 2016. Group A: 100 patients with 30#single thoracic drainage tube after operation. Groupe B: 100 patients with 30#thoracic drainage tube plus a negative pressure drainage tube after operation. The amount of thoracic drainage tube , drainage time , postoperative chest puncture, postoperative pain, hospital stay and total costs of hospitalization were observed in both groups.@*Results@#There was no difference in age, sex, pathological type and pulmonary lobectomy between the two groups. Total thoracic drainage[(1 007.4±512.95)ml vs.(982.35±359.93)ml]and totaltube time[(5.71±2.61)days vs.(5.43±1.91) days] had no significant difference between the two groups. There was a significant difference in the length of 30#thoracic drainage tube [(5.71±2.61)days vs.(2.9±0.61)days]between the two groups. The difference of hospitalization time[(12.05±2.93)days vs.(13.45±4.15)days]and hospitalization expenses[(63 376.47±1 615.82)yuan vs.(64 449.82±3 650.04)yuan]was statistically significant. The rate of rethoracotomy in gruop A was 7%, the rate of rethoracotomy in group B was 0, the comparison between the two groups was statistically significant. VAS pain scores were compared on the first day and the second day, there was no significant difference on the third day after operation. On the fifth day after operation, the difference was statistically significant.@*Conclusion@#Adding a negative pressure drainage tube on the basis of using a single thoracoscopic drainage tube for radical resection of lung cancer after single hole thoracoscopic surgery will not increase postoperative pain of patients, significantly shorten postoperative hospitalization time, effectively control postoperativerethoracopunchure rate, thus effectively reduce postoperative hospitalization costs of patients.

16.
Tumor ; (12): 572-580, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848369

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of N6-methyladenosine (m6A) demethylase Alk B homologue 5 (ALKBH5) in lung adenocarcinoma tissues and its clinical significance, as well as to explore the effect of inhibiting the expression of ALKBH5 on the proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Methods: The expression of ALKBH5 in cancer tissues and the matched para-cancerous tissues from 88 patients with lung adenocarcinomas was detected by immunohistochemistry. The relationship between the expression of ALKBH5 and the clinicopathological features was analyzed. The follow-up data were used to investigate the value of ALKBH5 in predicting prognosis. Colony formation assay was performed to analyze the colony formation ability of lung adenocarcinoma H1 650, H1 975 and HCC827 cells after ALKBH5-siRNA transfection. The expressions of Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were detected by Western blotting. Results: The high expression rate of ALKBH5 in tumor tissues (44.3%, 39/88) was significantly higher than that in matched para-cancerous tissues (20.5%, 18/88, P = 0.001). The expression of ALKBH5 was significantly correlated with the pathological stage of lung adenocarcinoma (P < 0.01). The patients with high expression of ALKBH5 had poor prognosis (P = 0.009), and the expression level of ALKBH5 was an independent prognostic factor in the patients with lung adenocarcinoma (P = 0.038). After transfection with ALKBH5-siRNA, the colony formation ability (P < 0.05) of lung adenocarcinoma H1 650, H1 975 and HCC827 cells were significantly decreased (all P < 0.01), and the expression levels of Ki-67 and PCNA were significantly down-regulated (both P < 0.01). Conclusion: The expression of ALKBH5 is closely related to the malignant progression of lung adenocarcinoma. ALKBH5 gene silencing plays an important role in inhibiting the proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Therefore, ALKBH5 may be a potential therapeutic target for lung adenocarcinoma.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 163-166, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711499

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of endoscopic ultrasonography(EUS)for common bile duct(CBD)stones before endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP). Methods Data of patients with suspected CBD stones admitted to The First People′s Hospital of Hangzhou from July 2012 to July 2013 were reviewed. Diagnostic efficiency and rates of complications were analyzed between patients undergoing EUS(EUS group)and MRCP(MRCP group)before ERCP, and between patients who underwent EUS and ERCP in different sessions(non-one-session group)with those in one session(one-session group). Results A total of 657 patients were included. With ERCP and follow-up results as the gold standard, the sensitivity(97.5% VS 88.4%), accuracy(96.3% VS 88.0%)and negative predictive value(88.9% VS 60.0%)of EUS in the diagnosis of CBD stones were significantly higher than those of MRCP(P<0.05). There were no significant differences between one-session group and non-one-session group in the sensitivity(97.5% VS 97.4%), specificity(91.7% VS 90.0%), positive predictive value(98.3% VS 97.4%), negative predictive value(88.0% VS 90.0%), and accuracy (96.6% VS 95.9%)in diagnosis of CBD stones(P>0.05). There were no significant differences in incidence of postoperative complications of ERCP between EUS and MRCP group[5.4%(13/242)VS 5.1%(21/415),P>0.05],and between one-session group and non-one-session group[5.5%(8/145)VS 5.2%(5/97),P>0.05].Conclusion Preoperative EUS before ERCP could increase diagnostic sensitivity and negative pridictive value of CBD stones without increasing the incidence of complications.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 658-661, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667122

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficiency of endoscopic ultrasound-guided celiac plexus neurolysis(EUS-CPN)for pain associated with advanced pancreatic carcinoma.Methods EUS-CPN was performed in 29 patients with advanced pancreatic carcinoma in Hangzhou First People′s Hospital from May 2010 to April 2015. The pain status before and after treatment was measured by visual analogue scale (VAS),and the clinical efficacy was assessed by pain anesis rate(PAR). Results All the 29 patients successfully completed EUS-CPN. The mean VAS value of the first day after treatment(3.6±1.5)was lower than that of preoperative(8.2±2.3,P=0.00). The mean VAS value of 1 month after treatment(2.0±0.6) was statistically different compared with the value of the first day after treatment(P=0.00). There were 10, 9,4,and 3 patients who had complete,obvious,moderate and mild relief,respectively. Three patients had no pain relief. The overall efficiency rate was 79.3%(23/29). Conclusion EUS-CPN is a safe and effective method for relieving pain in pancreatic carcinoma.

19.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1685-1688, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696295

ABSTRACT

China is facing the "pertussis resurgence".At the same time,the epidemic feature is very different from the traditional pertussis.There is a lack of unified pertussis surveillance program in China.The backwardness of previous standard of diagnosis leads to the huge difference of morbidity and epidemic features among different areas which use different surveillance program.To face the big challenge of the "pertussis resurgence",purposeful control and prevention measures need to be conducted immediately.First of all,it is necessary to establish an unified definition of pertussis surveillance,laboratory testing standards,and regulate the principle of epidemic disposal.Secondly,medical staffs' awareness of new epidemic features of pertussis should be raised and their ability of reporting and diagnosis of pertussis should be improved.Finally,according to the actual incidence and epidemic characteristics,current pertussis immunization strategy needs to be adjusted to meet the new requirements in the new situation of pertussis prevention and

20.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 22-25, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613537

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the therapeutic effect of EUS-guided rendezvous (EUS-RV) when ERCP failed in patients with malignant obstructive jaundice. Methods 12 cases of malignant obstructive jaundice patients were underwent EUS-RV after unsuccessful ERCP. The operation success rate, liver function recovery 1 week and 1 month after operation, complication rates, hospital stay and patient survival were observed. Results All 12 patients were successfully operated and placed stents by endoscopic ultrasound puncture following by ERCP: 8 patients by the stomach, 4 patients by duodenum, the operation success rate was 100.00%; There were significant difference between the liver function recovery of preoperative and postoperative one week or postoperative one week and postoperative one month (P < 0.05). 1 bleeding occurred and were improved after conservative treatment, the complications rate was 8.33%; the hospital stay was (20.68 ± 5.76) d; the average survival time of patients was 224 d. Conclusion EUS-guided rendezvous may be the alternative treatment due to the diminutive trauma and good effect when ERCP failed in patients with malignant obstructive jaundice.

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