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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 203-206, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933193

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and safety of long-distance urological nephrotomy with the support of 5G communication technology by using the domestic robot.Methods:Clinical data of the patients with remote robot-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy, which were completed from March to April 2021 by the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University (as the host hospital where the main operating system located) were retrospectively analyzed. There were 3 patients, including 2 males and 1 female.The average age was 61 (49-73) years, and the average body mass index was 23.73 (20.00-27.76) kg/m 2. One patient had a ASA classification of grade 2, and the other 2 patients had grade 3. All patients met the surgical criteria for non-functional nephrectomy. The chief surgeon who performing the telesurgery was located at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University. The surgeon remotely controlled the bedside operating system (slave system) in 3 local hospitals located in other cities in Shandong Province (network communication distances of 82.5, 141 and 229 km, respectively) by manipulating the master system located in Qingdao. Images and operating instructions during surgery were transmitted using 5G wireless communication technology. Intraoperative network conditions, robot operation, and patient perioperative data were summarized. Results:All 3 tele-nephrectomies were successfully completed. The average network signal latency time was 27.3 (23-30) ms, with no packet loss, and the average total latency time was 177.3(173-180) ms. The mean resection time was 79.3 (52-111) min, and the average intraoperative blood loss was 31.1 (15.6-41.9) ml. There were no network related adverse events occurred during the operation, and the robot-related adverse events occured 3 times, all three of which were characterized by inconsistent master and slave movements of the manipulator arm and the bedside robotic arm. None of these adverse events affected the successful performance of the telesurgery. The mean postoperative exhaust time was 60.5 (38.5-78.0) h. The mean postoperative VAS score at 24 hours was 3.7 (3-4). The Clavien-Dindo classification were all grade I. No significant abnormality was found on the 30th day after surgery, and the patients recovered well at the follow-up until 6 months postoperatively.Conclusions:It is safe and feasible to perform remote robot-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy based on 5G communication technology with no serious adverse events or surgical complications.However, the conclusion needs to be further verified by large sample and multi-center prospective study.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 598-602, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957435

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to compare the detection efficacy of transrectal ultrasound-guided transrectal cognitive fusion targeted+ systematic prostate biopsy and transperineal cognitive fusion targeted + systematic biopsy in patients with suspected prostate cancer (PCa). In addition, the relative clinical characteristics of PCa were evaluated.Methods:A total of 385 patients with suspected prostate cancer in the affiliated hospital of Qingdao University from May 2019 to November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients met the prostate biopsy criterion, who underwent transrectal(n=275)and transperineal(n=110)prostate biopsy respectively. There were no significant differences of mean age [(70.7±7.3)years vs.(69.2±8.4) years], PSA [(55.12±116.96)ng/ml vs. (63.41±315.34)ng/ml], prostate volume [(55.96±35.26)ml vs. (64.35±55.99)ml] between two groups. According to preoperative prostate magnetic resonance imaging combined with intraoperative ultrasound, 2-4 needles targeted puncture of suspected lesion were performed, followed by 12 needle systematic prostate biopsy. The detection rate of prostate cancer between two biopsy ways were compared. The related factors of PCa including age, prostate volume and PSA level were collected for univariable and multivariable logistic analysis. The cancer detection rate was compared and logistic regression was used to assess the impact of patient characteristics on PCa detection.Results:For all patients, the detection rate with cancer between transrectal group and transperineal group were 121/275(40.0%) and 67/110(60.9%), respectively. The transperineal group detected a higher rate of PCa ( P=0.003)and more clinically significant prostate cancers (csPCa) (54.6% vs.36.7%, P=0.001) than that of the transrectal group, there were significant differences between two groups ( P<0.05). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that PSA( OR=1.025, P=0.001) and prostate volume( OR=0.984, P=0.001)were two independent factors for the detection rate of prostate cancer between two biopsy ways( P<0.05). The effect of age on the detection rate of PCa in the transperieal group was significantly lower than that of the transrectal group( OR=0.037, P=0.238 vs. OR=0.053, P=0.002). Conclusion:The transperieal biopsy could find more PCa than the transrectal biopsy. PSA level and prostate volume could affect the detection rate of cancer between two prostate biopsy ways.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 633-634, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911084

ABSTRACT

Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma of the kidney is a rare subtype of renal carcinoma. In July 2019, one case of mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma of the kidney was admitted to our hospital, The laparoscopic partial nephrectomy was performed, and there was no recurrence or metastasis during the follow-up period of 13 months. The disease has no obvious clinical manifestations and its diagnosis depends on pathological and immunohistochemical features. Surgical treatment is the main treatment for this disease, and most patients have a good prognosis.Howerer, the possibility of progression remains in the late stage of the disease.

4.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 347-351,366, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929913

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the biocompatibility of collagen suture (CS) and collagen biofilm (CB) preliminarily.Methods:The pyrogenic contaminants test was used to analyze the pyrogen in CS and CB. The skin stimulation and intradermal stimulation tests were used to evaluate the stimulation effects of CS and CB to the skin. The hemolytic test was used to evaluate the hemolytic effect of CS and CB. The muscle implantation experiment was used to evaluate the stimulation and toxicity of CS and CB.Results:The results of pyrogenic contaminants test show that the temperature increment of rabbits in each group is lower than 0.6 ℃, and the total temperature increment is lower than 1.4 ℃ indicating that the two materials meet the requirements of pyrogenic examination and the pyrogenic contaminants test is qualified. The results of skin stimulation test and intradermal stimulation test of collagen suture and collagen biofilms were negative indicating that the two materials have no skin irritation. The hemolysis rates of collagen suture and collagen biofilm were 2.943% and 4.127% respectively (all P<0.05) indicating that the two materials will not cause hemolysis. The muscle was tolerated well and the tissue response was not serious after two biomaterials were embedded, which was reduced over time gradually. Conclusions:Both the collagen suture and collagen biofilm have good biocompatibility.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 102-108, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869605

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between preoperative albumin-to-alkaline phosphatase ratio and overall survival (OS) after radical cystectomy of bladder cancer.Methods The clinical date of patients with bladder cancer who underwent radical cystectomy and urinary diversion and confirmed by pathology from Jan 2007 to Dec 2015 were analyzed retrospectively,with 140 cases undergoing laparoscopic surgery and 26 cases undergoing open surgery.There were 148 males and 18 females,aged was 33-85 years,with an ayerage ageof (65.1 ± 9.4) years.There were 55 cases of cutaneous ureterostomy,96 cases of Brick diversior with ileum,and 15 cases of ileal neobladder.The AAPR range 0.03-1.67,with an average 0.62 ± 0.23,and body mass index (BMI) was 16.79-32.65 kg/m2,with an average of (24.00 ± 3.32) kg/m2.There were 33 cases with hydronephrosis and 133 no hydronephrosis,31 cases with hypertension and 135 cases no hypertension,and 14 cases with diabetes and 152 cases no diabetes.Four cases were classified as grade0,65 cases as grade 1,86 cases as grade 2,and 11 cases as grade 3.Based on the preoperative AAPR(0.62 ±0.23),they were divided into three groups,with 55 cases in the low AAPR (0.42 ± 0.09) group,55 cases in the middle AAPR (0.58 ± 0.05) group,and 56 cases in the high AAPR (0.86 ± 0.21)group.Cox proportional hazards regression methodology were used to evaluate the relationship between preoperative AAPR and overall survival.Survival analysis was conducted using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared with the log-rank test.Results 166 patients were followed up for 1-144 months,with a median of 63 months,and 71 cases died and 95 survived.The median serum AAPR level in all cases was 0.59 (range 0.03-1.67).Results of univariate Cox regression model revealed that AAPR(HR =0.09,95% CI 0.022-0.391,P =0.001),high AAPR (HR=0.40,95%CI0.216-0.742,P=0.003),age (HR =2.42,95% CI 1.294-4.531,P =0.006),tumor size (HR =2.11,95% CI 1.112-4.014,P =0.023),pT3 stage (HR=8.93,95%CI3.173-25.114,P<0.001),pT4 stnge(HR =10.39,95% CI 3.110-34.707,P <0.001),pN1 stage(HR =2.80,95% CI 1.422-5.531,P =0.003),pN3 stage (HR =17.06,95% CI2.192-132.863,P =0.007),pathological grade (HR =0.30,95% CI 0.113-0.817,P =0.019),hydronephrosis (HR =2.36,95 % CI 1.406-3.939,P =0.001),adjuvant chemotherapy (HR =2.66,95% CI 1.674-4.247,P < 0.001)were associated with OS.Compared with patients in the lowest of AAPR,the risk for death in the highest AAPR group decreased about 59% (HR =0.406,95% CI 0.200-0.822,P =0.012)after adjustment for age,BMI,tumor size,number of tumor,T category,N category,pathological grade,hydronephrosis,ASA level,adjuvant chemotherapy in multiple Cox regression models.Each unit increase in the AAPR was associated with about 80% decreased risk of death (HR =0.199,95% CI 0.051-0.779,P =0.020) after adjusting for the confounding variables.After adjusting for age,BMI,tumor size,number of tumor,T category,N category,pathological grade,hydronephrosis,ASA level,adjuvant chemotherapy,the curve fitting results showed that with the increase of AAPR,the risk of death decreased and the overall survival prolonged.Consistent with the linear trend test results,the relationship between AAPR and OS is linear.Conclusions AAPR was associated with overall survival of patients who underwent radical cystectomy of bladder cancer.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2516-2524, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878507

ABSTRACT

In the past ten years, the research and application of microbiome has continued to increase. The microbiome has gradually become the research focus in the fields of life science, environmental science, and medicine. Meanwhile, many countries and organizations around the world are launching their own microbiome projects and conducting a multi-faceted layout, striving to gain a strategic position in this promising field. In addition, whether it is scientific research or industrial applications, there has been a climax of research and a wave of investment and financing, accordingly, products and services related to the microbiome are constantly emerging. However, due to the rapid development of microbiome sequencing and analysis related technologies and methods, the research and application from various countries have not yet unified on the standards of technology, programs, and data. Domestic industry participants also have insufficient understanding of the microbiome. New methods, technologies, and theories have not yet been fully accepted and used. In addition, some of the existing standards and guidelines are too general with poor practicality. This not only causes obstacles in the integration of scientific research data and waste of resources, but also gives related companies unfair competition opportunity. More importantly, China still lacks national standards related to the microbiome, and the national microbiome project is still in the process of preparation. In this context, the experts and practitioners of the microbiome worked together and developed the consensus of experts. It can not only guide domestic scientific research and industrial institutions to regulate the production, learning and research of the microbiome, the application can also provide reference technical basis for the relevant national functional departments, protect the scale and standardized corporate company's interests, strengthen industry self-discipline, avoid unregulated enterprises from disrupting the market, and ultimately promote the benign development of microbiome-related industries.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Consensus , Industry , Microbiota
7.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 283-291, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746085

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes in intestinal microbiota and immune cells in mice with atherosclerosis and arthritis. Methods Two groups were set up with 8-week-old ApoE knockout (ApoE-/ -) and C57BL/ 6 mice. All mice were fed with high fat diet. The severity of atherosclerosis was evaluated through analyzing the level of serum lipid by ELISA and arteriosclerotic plaques by oil red O stai-ning. K/ BxN serum was intraperitoneally injected into ApoE-/ - and C57BL/ 6 mice at 17 to 26 weeks of age until 26 weeks to induce arthritis. The development of arthritis in mice was evaluated with vernier caliper-measured ankle width and clinical score. Total DNA was extracted from fecal samples of mice to amplify the 16S V4 region by PCR, and then sequencing analysis was performed on Illumina HiSeq PE250. Splenocytes and bone marrow cells were isolated and stained by antibodies to analyze the changes in immune cell distribu-tion by flow cytometry. Results The levels of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total choles-terol (TCHO) in serum and the atherosclerotic plaques in aorta were significantly increased in ApoE-/ - mice than in C57BL/ 6 mice, suggesting that the symptoms of atherosclerosis in ApoE-/ - mice were more severe than those in C57BL/ 6 mice. Ankle width measurements and clinical scores of arthritis showed that the ApoE-/ - mice had less severe ankle swelling than the C57BL/ 6 mice. Moreover, the ApoE-/ - mice had de-creased intestinal microbiota diversity, especially in the number of Verrucomicrobiae. Flow cytometry analy-sis showed that CD3+T and CD19+B cells were down-regulated, while CD11b+ macrophages were up-regula-ted in splenocytes and bone marrow cells of the ApoE-/ - mice. Conclusions Immune cell distribution was changed in the ApoE-/ - mice with atherosclerosis and arthritis. Compared with the C57BL/ 6 mice, the ApoE-/ - mice had decreased intestinal microbiota diversity and altered bacterial composition. Moreover, the abundance of Akkermansia, a potential biomarker of healthy intestinal environment, in the ApoE-/ - mice was also decreased. It was suggested that the changes in intestinal microbiota might be involved in the pathogene-sis of atherosclerosis complicated by arthritis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 654-660, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797756

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the prognostic factors of adult nonclear cell renal cell carcinoma (nccRCC).@*Methods@#The clinical data of 286 patients with pathologically diagnosed one specific type of nccRCC after radical nephrectomy and nephron sparing surgery(NSS) in the affiliated hospital of Qingdao university followed up from January 2012 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 159 males and 127 females. Their age ranged from 17 to 81 years old, with an average age of 53. Based on the AJCC combination stage, 218 cases were in stage Ⅰ, 56 cases were in stage Ⅱ, 9 cases were in stage Ⅲ, 3 cases were in stage Ⅳ. Assay indicators were collected, including lymphocyte percentage(LY%)(31.5±10.5), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio(NLR)(2.6±2.8), albumin(40.9±4.7)g/L, prealbumin(255.0±74.3)mg/L, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)(201.0±174.0)U/L, creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB)(20.0±62.1)U/L, total cholesterol(4.9±1.0)mmol/L, blood urea nitrogen/creatinine (BUN/Cr)(12.9±9.9), blood glucose(5.4±1.3)mmol/L, triglyceride(1.4±1.1)mmol/L, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)(2.9±0.8)mmol/L. The optimal cut-off value of the above indexes were obtained by the receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC) in the SPSS software, and difference between high cut-off and low cut-off divided basing on the optimal cut-off value were evaluated respectively. The prognostic factors of adult nccRCC were evaluated by univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to study the survival relationship. The log-rank test were used to compare survival rate in two groups. The prognostic factors of nccRCC were analyzed after the results above were presented. Prognostic factors in renal chromophobe cell carcinoma and papillary cell carcinoma were analyzed by the same method.@*Results@#The 286patients were followed up from 1 to 87 months, with an average of 43.9 months. The 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 93.8% and 89.3%, respectively. Results of univariate and multivariate Cox regression model revealed that AJCC combined staging (HR=2.38, 95%CI1.48-3.83), LDH(HR=2.99, 95%CI1.16-7.69), blood glucose (HR=4.13, 95%CI 1.74-9.78), CK-MB (HR=3.85, 95%CI1.63-9.08) were independent prognostic factors of nccRCC. NLR(HR=8.28, 95%CI1.66-41.35) and LDH(HR=9.82, 95%CI2.94-32.82) were the independent prognostic factor in the renal chromophobe cell carcinoma subgroup and the papillary renal cell carcinoma subgroup, separately.@*Conclusions@#AJCC combination stage, LDH, blood glucose and CK-MB are independent prognostic factors of adult nccRCC. Patients with low LDH, hypoglycemia, CK-MB and early AJCC stage have better prognosis. NLR is an independent predictor of renal chromophobe cell carcinoma, and the low NLR group has a better prognosis and higher survival rate. LDH is an independent predictor of papillary renal cell carcinoma and low LDH is beneficial to patients' prognosis. NLR and LDH can be used as a prognostic indicator for clinical evaluation in renal chromophobe cell carcinoma and papillary renal cell carcinoma, respectively.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 654-660, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791667

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the prognostic factors of adult nonclear cell renal cell carcinoma (nccRCC).Methods The clinical data of 286 patients with pathologically diagnosed one specific type of nccRCC after radical nephrectomy and nephron sparing surgery (NSS) in the affiliated hospital of Qingdao university followed up from January 2012 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 159 males and 127 females.Their age ranged from 17 to 81 years old,with an average age of 53.Based on the AJCC combination stage,218 cases were in stage Ⅰ,56 cases were in stage Ⅱ,9 cases were in stage Ⅲ,3 cases were in stage Ⅳ.Assay indicators were collected,including lymphocyte percentage(LY%) (31.5 ± 10.5),neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio(NLR) (2.6 ± 2.8),albumin (40.9 ± 4.7) g/L,prealbumin (255.0 ± 74.3) mg/L,lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (201.0 ± 174.0) U/L,creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) (20.0 ± 62.1) U/L,total cholesterol (4.9 ± 1.0) mmol/L,blood urea nitrogen/creatinine (BUN/Cr) (12.9 ±9.9),blood glucose(5.4 t± 1.3) mmol/L,triglyceride (1.4 ± 1.1) mmol/L,low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (2.9 ± 0.8) mmol/L.The optimal cut-off value of the above indexes were obtained by the receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC) in the SPSS software,and difference between high cut-off and low cut-off divided basing on the optimal cut-off value were evaluated respectively.The prognostic factors of adult nccRCC were evaluated by univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis.Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to study the survival relationship.The log-rank test were used to compare survival rate in two groups.The prognostic factors of nccRCC were analyzed after the results above were presented.Prognostic factors in renal chromophobe cell carcinoma and papillary cell carcinoma were analyzed by the same method.Results The 286patients were followed up from 1 to 87 months,with an average of 43.9 months.The 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 93.8% and 89.3%,respectively.Results of univariate and multivariate Cox regression model revealed that AJCC combined staging (HR =2.38,95% CI1.48-3.83),LDH (HR =2.99,95% CI1.16-7.69),blood glucose (HR =4.13,95% CI 1.74-9.78),CK-MB (HR =3.85,95% CI1.63-9.08) were independent prognostic factors of nccRCC.NLR(HR =8.28,95% CI1.66-41.35) and LDH (HR =9.82,95% CI2.94-32.82) were the independent prognostic factor in the renal chromophobe cell carcinoma subgroup and the papillary renal cell carcinoma subgroup,separately.Conclusions AJCC combination stage,LDH,blood glucose and CK-MB are independent prognostic factors of adult nccRCC.Patients with low LDH,hypoglycemia,CK-MB and early AJCC stage have better prognosis.NLR is an independent predictor of renal chromophobe cell carcinoma,and the low NLR group has a better prognosis and higher survival rate.LDH is an independent predictor of papillary renal cell carcinoma and low LDH is beneficial to patients'prognosis.NLR and LDH can be used as a prognostic indicator for clinical evaluation in renal chromophobe cell carcinoma and papillary renal cell carcinoma,respectively.

10.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 195-200, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703209

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between gut microbiota and anti-dsDNA antibody in systemic lupus erythematosus(lupus)TC mice. Methods ELISA was performed to detect serum anti-dsDNA antibody in the lupus TC mice. Then,the feces of both dsDNA-positive and -negative mice were collected, and 16S rRNA of the stool sample was sequenced by Illumina HiSeq 2500 high-throughput sequencing,to analyze the relationship between gut microbiota and anti-dsDNA antibody level in the two groups. Results The result of ELISA and mouse fecal high-throughput sequencing showed that the species diversity of gut microbiota in the dsDNA-positive TC mice was significantly lower than that in the dsDNA-negative TC mice. The gut microbiota of TC mice in the two groups showed significant differences at different classification levels: Chloroflexi at phylum level, Betaproteobacteria, Deltaproteobacteria and Ktedonobacteria at class level,Burkholderiales,Desulfovibrionales and Ktedonobacterales at order level,Alcaligenaceae and Desulfovibrionaceae at family level,and Parasutterella and Desulfovibrio at genus level(P<0.05 for all). Conclusions The flora composition of gut microbiota in lupus TC mice is highly correlated with anti-dsDNA antibody. The results of our study provide a basis for further elucidation of the relationship between gut microbiota and the pathogenetic mechanism of systemic lupus erythematosus.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 820-823, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392093

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the gene mutation of fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) and p53 in bladder cancer tissue and to explore their relationship with tumor recurrence. Methods DHPLC and PCR direct sequence were used to detect the mutation of FGFR3 and p53 in BTCC (n=98) and normal bladder mucosa (n=10). Genomic DNA of 98 BTCC was extracted. The exon 5-8 of P53 and the exon 7, 10, 15 were amplification by PCR. The products of PCR was screened by DHPLC to detect the mutation of the production. The results of the FGFR3 and p53 mutation were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method and no recurrence survival rate was tested by log rank test. All the analysis were aim to explore the clinical biological value of the mutation of FGFR3 and p53. Results Mutation of FGFR3 in BTCC (44. 9%) was higher than normal bladder mucosa(0, P<0.01). Mutation in T_a-T_1 was 75. 6%(33/45) ,T_2 -T_4 was 26. 6%C10/53). Mutation in G_1 was84. 6%(11/13),inG_2 was 61. 4% (27/44), in G_3 was 14. 6% (6/41), (P<0. 05). The mutation rate was lower with the higher of stage and grade. Mutation of p53 in BTCC (34. 6%) was higher than normal bladder mucosa (0%) (P<0. 01). Mutation in T_a - T_1 was 20. 0% (9/45), T_2 - T_4 was 47. 2%(25/53). Mutation in G_1 was G_1 7. 7%(1/13), in G_2 18. 2%(8/44),in G_3 58. 1%(25/41) , (P<0. 05). The mutation rate was higher in the higher stage and grade. Kaplan-Meier method results revealed that mutation of FGFR3 indicating a favorable prognosis while mutation of p53 indicating a poor prognosis. As to the analysis of genotype, the type of FGFR3mut/p53wt had a relative longer recurrent interval (P<0. 01). Conclusions Mutation of FGFR3 indicated a relative longer recurrent interval, which revealed a favorable prognosis of BTCC. Mutation of p53 indicated a relative shorter recurrent interval, which revealed a poor prognosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 24-27, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397810

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the biomarker panel of superficial bladder transitional cell carcinoma(SBTCC)and analyze the biological pathway in tumorigenesis by Shotgun proteomics strategy.Methods Normal urothelium cells and cancer cells were harvested by laser capture microdissection from clinical specimen and the proteomic expression profile was identified by two-dimensional liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.The isoelectric point,molecular weight,grand average of hydropathicity,transmembrane helices were analyzed by using proteomics tools.Gene ontology was used to comment the identified proteins.The pathway analysis was performed by ArrayTrack software,and visualized by GenMAPP.Results There were 440 and 218 proteins expressed in cancer cells and normal cells respectively,among them 388 proteins were differerntially expressed.All the database about identified proteins was deposited in an accessible form to researchers at http://www.Proteome-SBTCC.org.cn and http://www.Proteome-NHTE.org.cn.There were 267(68.8%)differentially expressed proteins which had GO biological process comments.The biological pathwavs of these proteins included MAPK signaling pathway,focal adhesion,oxidative phosphorylation,ECMreceptor interaction,etc.Conclusion Shotgun strategy proteomies database of normal transitional epithelium and SBTCC is successfully constructed.And the basis for the understanding of cell biology and discovery of biomarker panel for SBTCC iS provided.

13.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593349

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen the gene expression profiles of human bladder cancer cell line EJ,in which RNA interference was used to downregulate the EZH2 expression and to investigate the EZH2 molecular mechanism in cancer.Methods The vector expressing EZH2 shRNA was constructed and transfected into EJ cell line with Lipofectamine 2000.We used the gene chip to screen differential expression genes in EJ cells with transfection with EZH2 shRNA compared with untransfected EJ cells.The data were up-loaded to Passway miner serve((http://www.biorag.org/passway.htm))Results We found 436 differentiation genes,in which 257 genes upregulated and 179 genes downregulated.Bioinformation analysis showed that 115 genes locate in the known biological ways,including EGF,P53,proliferation,cell cycle,Notch and Wnt passway.EZH2 target genes such as WNT1,MYT1,CNR1,WT1 were upregulated,some of which were linked to tumor stem cell and cell differentiation.Conclusion The linkage between EZH2 expression and cell proliferation,which is induced by genes encoding cell differentiation.The research focusing on EZH2 regulating genes will explore its molecular mechanism in oncog-enesis.

14.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-523634

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the diagnosis and management of neurogenic bladder disorder after radical operation for rectal cancer. Methods 23 paticnts with neurogenic bladder disodrer after surgery for rectal cancer underwent urodynamic examination to establish the diagnosis, and received treatment according to the findings. The results of treatment were observed.Results After management, 22 patients regained normal urination , and one case of urinary incontinence did not return to normal urination at follow-up 6 months later. Conclusions Patients with neurogenic bladder disorder after radical operation for rectal cancer should take the urodynamic examimation and given symtomatic management according to the urodynamic examination.

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