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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty in total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 5 patients undergoing radical resection of proximal gastric cancer in Cancer Hospital of China Medical University from January to December 2020 were collected. All 5 cases were male, aged from 57 to 72 years, with a median age of 65 years. All 5 patients underwent total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer combined with esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty. Observation indicators: (1) operative situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect postoperative anastomosis, esophageal reflux, nutritional status, quality of life, tumor recurrence and metastasis of patients up to February 2021. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Operative situations: all 5 patients underwent surgery successfully. The operation time, time of esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty, number of lymph node dissected, volume of intraoperative blood loss, length of surgical incision of 5 patients were (316±41)minutes,(109±11)minutes, 26±4, (48±12)mL, (3.4±0.4)cm, respectively. Results of intraoperative rapid frozen section pathological examination showed negative of esophageal margin. (2) Postoperative situations: the time to postoperative initial flatus, time to postoperative initial food intake, during of postoperative hospital stay, cost of treat-ment of 5 patients were (4.8±1.5)days, (5.8±1.5)days, (11.6±2.1)days and (5.5±0.4)×10 4 yuan, respectively. Results of postoperative pathological examination of 5 patients showed gastric adeno-carcinoma in all 5 patients including 4 cases with moderately and poorly differentiated adeno-carcinoma and 1 case with highly differentiated adenocarcinoma, with the TNM staging of pT1a-3N0-1 M0 stage. Of the 5 patients, 1 case underwent postoperative mild pneumonia and was cured by conservative treatment such as anti-infection and promotion of sputum evacuation. (3) Follow-up: all 5 patients were followed up for 2 to 12 months, with a median follow-up time of 6 months. Of the 5 patients, 4 cases underwent anastomotic patency and 1 case underwent mild anastomotic stenosis who was improved after endoscopic treatment. None of the 5 patients underwent reflux esophagitis. The body mass index, the score of nutritional risk screening 2002, the score of patient-generated subjective global assessment and the score of tumor patient quality of life of 5 patients were 21 kg/m 2(range, 19-27 kg/m 2), 2(range, 1-2), 2(range, 1-3) and 47(range, 42-52), respectively. None of the 5 patients underwent tumor recurrence or metastasis. Conclusion:Esophagogastric anas-tomosis with double muscle flap plasty can be used in total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer which will lead to satisfactory short-term efficacy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 613-618, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of transvaginal anterior pelvic floor reconstruction with mesh in treatment of patients with cystocele and lower urinary tract symptoms.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 32 patients who underwent transvaginal anterior pelvic reconstruction with mesh from June 2015 to February 2019 was performed. The age of the patients was 57-86 years old, with an average of (67.8±7.6) years; body mass index(BMI) (22.6±3.0) kg/m 2; mean duration of disease (2.9±2.3) years; delivery 1-7 times, mean(3.0±1.5) times. All patients underwent transvaginal anterior pelvic reconstruction. The anterior wall of the vagina was incised, and the space between the pelvic floor and the bladder was bluntly separated. The mesh was placed under the guidance of the puncture needle after locating marks of body surface. Patients underwent the American Urological Association Symptom Scoring (AUASS) with (14.2±3.5) points, the residual urine (71.3±53.0) ml and the maximum urine flow rate (16.9 ± 3.8) ml/s were measured preoperative. The Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory(POPDI-6), Urogenital Distress Inventory(UDI-6) and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire(PFIQ-7) were recorded as the value of (48.0±7.3) points, (41.7 ± 8.2) points and (62.5 ± 16.4) points, respectively. Thirty-two patients were divided into 2 groups as the group of urinary storage symptom (22 patients) and the group of voiding symptom (10 patients) according to the preoperative lower urinary tract symptoms. The operative time, intraoperative bleeding volume and average hospital stay were recorded. The patients were followed up with AUASS, maximum urine flow rate, residual urine, POPDI-6, UDI-6, PFIQ-7 and complications during and after operations. Results:All the operations of 32 cases were successfull. The average operation time was (61.1±18.6) min, the average intraoperative blood loss was (41.5±12.3)ml, and the average hospital day was (9.1±1.8)d. There were no major organ injuries such as bladder, ureter, iliac vessels and rectum. 27 patients were followed up for 3 to 36 months, with an average of (24.7±10.8) months. There significant improvement of LUTS. At the last follow-up, the AUASS storage phase score (3.4±1.9) points in the urinary storage symptom group(19 patients) and the AUASS urinating phase score (3.9±1.7) points in the voiding symptom group(8 patients) were compared with the preoperative AUASS scores (11.6±1.9) points and (13.9±1.2) points which were significantly reduced. By the last follow up of all the 27 patients, residual urine (23.4±11.0)ml, POPDI-6(3.1±5.4) points, UDI-6 (3.2±5.1) points and PFIQ-7 (12.4±1.7) points were significantly lower than preoperative data. The maximum urinary flow rate(22.4±4.1)ml/s, was significantly higher than that before the operation. All the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). All patients had no recurrence of cystocele. One patient had anterior vaginal wall mesh exposure 3 months after surgery. After removing excess mesh in the outpatient clinic, she was cured by smearing with estrogen ointment. One patient experienced frequent urination and urgency who was cured by oral tolterodine tartrate. One patient with de novo mild SUI during the 1-year follow-up. The symptoms were improved in the outpatient clinic after pelvic floor muscle exercise. At 2-year follow-up, one patient was observed de novo mild posterior wall prolapse with no clinical manifestations and no treatment was carried out. Conclusions:Transvaginal anterior pelvic reconstruction with mesh could be effective in treating cystocele with lower urinary tract symptoms with less surgical trauma, fewer complications and lower recurrence rate. It could effectively improve lower urinary tract symptoms such as frequent urination, urgency and difficulty urinating.However, safety issues such as the incidence of long-term de novo SUI and mesh exposure still require further long-term follow-up.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 218-223, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745230

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the potential value of pre-treatment dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in predicting long-term survival of cervical cancer treated by concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Methods Uterine cervical cancer patients who received chemo-radiation therapy during 2008 to 2014 in a single institute were retrospectively collected and followed up. Pre-treatment DCE-MRI images were retrieved to generate four hemodynamic related parameters including positive enhancement integral (PEI), maximum slop of increase (MSI), maximum slope of decrease (MSD) and signal enhancement ratio (SER). Region of interests were drawn manually on T2WI along the rim of tumors on each slice, and were then registered to DCE-MRI parametric maps. Histogram analysis software was used to calculate the mean, median, maximum, minimum,10th percentile, 90th percentile, kurtosis and skewness values for each DCE-MRI parameters. Median follow-up time was 54.7 months (range 2.1 to 94.6 months). Uni-and multivariable Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate correlation between the above values and the disease free survival (DFS). Kaplan-Meier curve was used to evaluate survival time. Results Of the 75 patients, 16 of them died from cervical cancer, 3 patients had metastasis, and 1 patient continued to progress. Median, mean, 10th and 90th percentile from MSI, and minimum, kurtosis, skewness were the influencing factors of disease-free survival of cervical cancer with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (P<0.1) Pearson relationship analysis and multivariable Cox regression analysis was performed which indicated PEI kurtosis value of cervical cancer was an independent influencing factor for cervical cancer without disease survival (hazard ratio 1.658, P=0.001). Conclusion PEI kurtosis was an independent factor for DFS of locally advanced cervical cancer treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753430

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application effect of the teaching method of team-based learning (TBL) combined with case-based learning (CBL) in the teaching of military positive psychology. Methods A total of 100 medical undergraduates of the class 2017 in Army Medical University were selected and randomly divided into TBL+CBL teaching group and traditional teaching group , with 50 undergraduates in each group . The teaching effect of the two methods was evaluated by assessment of theoretical knowledge and case analysis, questionnaire survey, and psychological evaluation. SPSS 19.0 was used to perform the t-test. Results Compared with the traditional teaching group, the TBL+CBL teaching group had significantly higher scores of theoretical knowledge (54.87±4.98 vs. 48.65±3.51) and case analysis (36.84 ±2.73 vs. 32.37 ±2.34). As for the results of psychological evaluation, compared with the traditional teaching group , the TBL+CBL teaching group had a significantly lower score of Symptom Checklist-90 (143.31±43.62 vs. 149.89±46.96) and significantly higher scores of ERC (48.76±5.37 vs.43.58 ±5.79) and GWB (107.87 ±15.56 vs. 102.32 ±12.13). In addition, the satisfaction rate of the TBL and CBL teaching method reached 95.83% (46/50) in the TBL+CBL group. Conclusion The teaching method of TBL combined with CBL can achieve good teaching results in the teaching of military positive psychology and improve students' abilities of knowledge application and psychological adjustment. Therefore, it has good feasibility and applicability.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753019

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of diameter change of superior rectal vein (SRV) and inferior mesenteric vein (IMV) by CT examination in the efficacy evaluation of neoadjuvant therapy for locally advanced rectal cancer.Methods The retrospective descriptive study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 40 patients with locally advanced rectal carcer who underwent neoadjuvant therapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University were collected.There were 28 males and 12 females,aged from 12 to 75 years,with the age of (55± 12)years.All patients underwent radical resection of rectal cancer according to the principle of total mesorectal resection after neoadjuvant therapy.Observation indicators:(1) MRI examination;(2) CT examination;(3) surgical situations;(4) follow-up.Follow-up was performed using outpatient examination to detect postoperative complications up to June 2019.The measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD,and paired sample t test was used for intra-group comparison.Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages.Results (1) MRI examination:there were 22 patients with positive extramural vascular invasion (EMVI) and 18 with negative EMVI.(2) CT examination:the diameter of SRV was (3.9 ± 0.9) mm and (3.0 ± 0.6) mm before and after neoadjuvant therapy,showing a significant difference (t=5.75,P<0.05).Subgroup analysis:for the 30 patients with response to neoadjuvant therapy,the diameter of SRV changed significantly after neoadjuvant therapy [(4.1 ± 1.0) mm vs.(3.4±0.7) mm,t =6.20,P<0.05];for the 10 patients without response to neoadjuvant therapy,the diameter of SRV showed no significant difference after neoadjuvant treatment [(3.6±0.6)mm vs.(3.5±0.8)mm,t=1.13,P>0.05].The diameter of SRV was (4.2±0.8)mm in 22 patients with EMVI and (3.7±0.8)mm in 18 patients with negative EMVI,showing a significant difference between the two groups (t =2.45,P<0.05).The diameter of IMV was (5.1 ± 0.9)mm and (4.2±0.9)mm before and after neoadjuvant therapy,showing a significant difference (t=4.16,P< 0.05).Subgroup analysis:for the 30 patients with response to neoadjuvant therapy,the diameter of IMV changed significantly after neoadjuvant treatment [(5.1 ± 0.9) mm vs (4.6± 0.8) mm,t =0.76,P< 0.05];for the 10 patients without response to neoadjuvant therapy,the diameter of SRV showed no significant difference after neoadjuvant treatment [(5.0±0.9)mm vs (4.8±1.0)mm,t=0.76,P>0.05].The diameter of IMV was (4.8± 0.9) mm in 22 patients with EMVI and (4.6±0.8) mm in 18 patients with negative EMVI,showing no significant difference between the two groups (t =2.45,P> 0.05).(3) Surgical situations:40 patients underwent radical resection of rectal cancer,including 4 with synchronous liver metastases undergoing resection of metastases.(4) Follow-up:40 patients were followed up for 3.0-6.0 months,with a median follow-up time of 4.5 months.One of 40 patients with perineal incision infection was improved and discharged after dressing change,1 with anastomotic leakage on the 5th day after operation was improved and discharged after conservative treatment,1 of 2 with adhesive intestinal obstruction was improved after surgery and 1 was improved after conservative treatment,other 36 patients were discharged and no obvious abnormality occured during the follow-up.Conclusions The diameters of SRV and IMV in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer can be significantly decreased significantly after neoadjuvant therapy.The diameters of SRV and IMV can be used as potential indices to evaluate the effects of neoadjuvant therapy for rectal cancer,and the SRV had a higher evaluation value.

6.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 943-947, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752470

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between wholeGorgan MRI score (WORMS)and pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).Methods 1 1 9 patients with knee OA were enrolled,and The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC)was used to estimate the pain.Knees of all the subj ects underwent scanning with sagittal,coronal,transverse TSEG T2 WIGFS and sagittal 3DGFLASHGWE sequences at 3.0T MR.The pathological changes of knee cartilage lesions,subarticular bone marrow edema (BME),bone cysts,bone attrition,osteophytes,meniscal inj ury,ligament inj ury,synovial thickening and joint effusion were evaluated according to the WORMS.The correlations between the above pathological changes and the pain were analyzed.Results There were significant and positive correlations between articular cartilage lesions and osteophytes,articular cartilage lesions and BME,BME and cyst,bone attrition and osteophytes,and BME and osteophytes,with the correlation coefficients of 0.6 70,0.5 9 8,0.5 1 8,0.5 1 4 and 0.505 ,respectively (P<0.05 ).Multiple regression analysis showed that BME,bone attrition,synovial thickening and joint effusion were the main factors affecting the severity of pain after adj usted for age and BMI (P<0.05).Conclusion The source of OA pain is multifactorial.The severity of BME,bone attrition,synovial thickening and joint effusion are the main factors associated with joint pain.As a nonGinvasive examination method,MR can make a comprehensive evaluation of the pathological changes of knee OA.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801481

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the value of different sequences magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in rectal cancer re-staging after neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (NCRT).@*Methods@#The clinical data of 117 patients with rectal cancer who underwent NCRT before surgery operation in Peking University cancer hospital from January 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among 117 patients, 101 patients underwent MRI scanning before and after NCRT, and 16 patient underwent MRI scanning after NCRT; T2 weighted imaging (T2WI) and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) scanning were performed in all patients, and dynamic contrast enhancement (DCE) scanning was performed in 96 patients. T2WI, T2WI combined with DWI, T2WI combined with DCE were used for T re-staging of rectal cancer after NCRT respectively, and the results of which were compared with those of pathology after operation.@*Results@#The sensitivity of diagnosis of ypT0-2 rectal cancer after NCRT using T2WI combined with DWI, T2WI combined with DCE respectively was significantly higher than that using T2WI: 52.7% (29/55) and 30.4% (14/46) vs. 10.9% (6/55), and there was statistical difference (P<0.05). The accuracy rate and specificity of diagnosis of ypT3 and ypT4 rectal cancer after NCRT using T2WI combined with DWI were significantly higher than that using T2WI, with an accuracy rate of 60.7% (71/117) vs. 47.0%(55/117) and 92.3% (108/117) vs. 80.3% (94/117), and a specificity of 55.9% (33/59) vs. 23.7% (14/59) and 92.9% (105/113) vs. 80.5% (91/113), and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). The accuracy rate of down-staging after NCRT using T2WI combined with DWI was significantly higher than that using T2WI: 72.3% (73/101) vs. 58.4% (59/101), and there was statistical difference (P<0.05); there was no significant difference in accuracy rate between using T2WI and using T2WI combined with DWI and between using T2WI combined with DWI and using T2WI combined with DCE (P > 0.05).@*Conclusions@#T2WI combined with DWI is superior to T2WI in re-staging of rectal cancer after NCRT.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800301

ABSTRACT

Immunoglobulin G (IgG)4-related pancreatitis, also named as type Ⅰ autoimmune pancreatitis, is recognized as a pancreatic manifestation of IgG4-related disease. It is very hard to differentiate it from pancreatic cancer due to similar clinical manifestations with pancreatic cancer. Diagnosis of IgG4-related pancreatitis mainly relies on pathological examination and imaging examination. Corticosteroids are the main treatment for IgG4-related pancreatitis, and the risk of relapse is still high with steroid taper or following withdrawal of steroids. Based on researches on IgG4-related pancreatitis and our clinical experience, the authors have analyzed and summarized pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, clinical diagnosis, differentiation from pancreatic cancer, clinical treatment of IgG4-related pancreatitis, and suggested that elucidation of its mechanism and induction of immunotherapy may improve its efficacy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754783

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the learning curve of the Tianji orthopedic robot in assisting percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).Methods A retrospective study was conducted of the consecutive 44 OVCF patients (71 fractured vertebrae) who had been treated with PKP assisted by the Tianji orthopedic robot from May 2018 to March 2019 at Department of Ortbopedics,The First Hospital of China Medical University.They were 2 men and 42 women,aged from 55 to 89 years (average,68.6 years).Their operations were performed by the same surgical team.The patients were divided into 4 even groups (n =11) according to the date of operation.The accuracy of robot-assisted puncture,total operation time,robot operation time,PKP operation time and complications were statistically analyzed and compared between the 4 groups.Natural logarithm regression analysis of total operation time,robot operation time and PKP operation time was conducted to determine the association between operation time and operation number [y =aln(x) + b,x indicating operation number and y operation time].Results The 4 groups were comparable due to insignificant differences in age,gender or operative segment between them (P > 0.05).The total rate of accurate puncture was 95.8% (68/71).The rates of accurate puncture were 92.9% (13/14),94.4% (17/18),94.7% (18/19) and 100% (20/20) for groups 1,2,3,and4,respectively,with no significant differences between groups (P > 0.05).The total operation time for the 4 groups was respectively 56.6 ± 6.6 min,46.4 ± 8.5 min,40.2 ± 4.7 min and 40.4 ± 5.7 min and the robot operation time for the 4 groups was respectively 32.1 ±4.9 min,23.8 ±5.1 min,18.9 ±2.7 min and 19.6 ± 5.3 min,showing significant differences between the 4 groups (P > 0.05) and a significant difference between groups 1 and 2 versus groups 3 and 4 (P > 0.05) but no significant difference between group 3 and 4 (P > 0.05).The natural logarithm regression analysis showed that the total operation time [y =-7.2861n(x) + 66.616,R2 =0.4889,P < 0.001] and robot operation time [y =-5.6621n(x) +39.763,R2 =0.5196,P < 0.001] decreased significantly with the increase of operation number but became stable in groups 3 and 4.There was no significant difference in PKP operation time among the 4 groups (P > 0.05).The main intraoperative complication was leakage of bone cement in the anterior vertebral space and intervertebral space,with a total incidence of 8.5% (6/71),showing no significant difference among the 4 groups (P > 0.05).Conclusions The puncture accuracy of the Tianji orthopedic robot in assisting PKP for OVCF may not change with the increased operation number.The total operation time and robotic operation time decrease with the increased operation number.The learning curve of the Tianji orthopedic robot becomes stable very fast,indicating the surgical technique is easy to learn.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823831

ABSTRACT

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) 4-related pancreatitis,also named as type I autoimmune pancreatitis,is recognized as a pancreatic manifestation of IgG4-related disease.It is very hard to differentiate it from pancreatic cancer due to similar clinical manifestations with pancreatic cancer.Diagnosis of IgG4related pancreatitis mainly relies on pathological examination and imaging examination.Corticosteroids are the main treatment for IgG4-related pancreatitis,and the risk of relapse is still high with steroid taper or following withdrawal of steroids.Based on researches on IgG4-related pancreatitis and our clinical experience,the authors have analyzed and summarized pathogenesis,clinical manifestations,clinical diagnosis,differentiation from pancreatic cancer,clinical treatment of IgG4-related pancreatitis,and suggested that elucidation of its mechanism and induction of immunotherapy may improve its efficacy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 564-565, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807207

ABSTRACT

One elderly patient with extremely severe burn was admitted to our department on 4th August, 2017. The patient suffered multiple sustained ventricular tachycardia from post injury day 2 to 4 due to relatively high input volume during shock stage. Amiodarone could not be given through intravenous injection because of his low blood pressure. After consultation with cardiologist, ventricular tachycardia was corrected by electrical cardioversion of several times. According to this case, the first treatment is electrical cardioversion when elderly patient with extremely severe burn shows sustained ventricular tachycardia which can not be corrected with medicine.

12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 191-195, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806253

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical value of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and Multi-slice Spiral CT (MSCT) in the preoperativestaging of tumor(T) and lymph node (N) metastasis in patients with SiewertⅡand Ⅲ typeadenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction(AEG).@*Methods@#Clinical data of 145 Siewert Ⅱ and Ⅲ type AEG patientswithout preoperative chemoradiotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. Theyall received preoperative EUS and MSCT examination and underwent surgical resection, and the results of EUS and MSCT were compared with their postoperative pathologic staging.@*Results@#The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of EUS for T stage in Siewert Ⅱ and Ⅲ type AEG were higher than those of MSCT. The total accuracy of EUS and MSCT were 90.3% and 63.5%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=29.52, P<0.01). The sensitivity of EUS for T1, T2 and T3 were 89.5%, 91.1% and 85.2%, respectively, which were significantly higher than 42.1%, 66.7% and 29.6% of MSCT (χ2=9.47, P<0.01 for T1; χ2=8.07, P<0.01 for T2; χ2=17.40, P<0.01 for T3). In addition, the total accuracy of EUS and MSCT for lymph node metastasis status of Siewert Ⅱ and Ⅲ type AEG were 75.9% and 64.8%, respectively, showing a statistically significant difference(χ2=4.23, P=0.04). The sensitivity of EUS for N1 and N2 were 82.1% and 79.2%, respectively, which were significantly higher than 53.6% and 60.4% of MSCT (χ2=5.24, P=0.02; χ2=4.48, P=0.03). There was no statistical significance for sensitivity of EUS and MSCT in N0 and N3 (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#EUS diagnosis of T and N staging in Siewert Ⅱ/Ⅲ type AEG showed significantly greater performance than MSCT.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694637

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship of serum ubiquitin carboxy terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) with brain injury in preterm infants. Methods A total of 130 premature infants with gestational age <34 weeks from August 2014 to October 2016 were recruited. Blood samples were collected at 6 h and 72 h after birth. The levels of serum UCH-L1 and GFAP were detected by ELISA method. According to the results of cranial ultrasound and MRI examination, the premature infants were divided into white matter damage (WMD) group, periventricular intraventricular hemorrhage (PVH-IVH) group, and no brain injury group. The levels of serum UCH-L1 and GFAP in preterm infants between the three groups, mild to severe brain injury were compared. Results At 6 h and 72 h after birth, the levels of serum UCH-L1 and GFAP among no brain injury group, PVH-IVH group and WMD group were significantly different (all P <0.001). The level of serum UCH-L1 and GFAP were the highest in the WMD group and the lowest in no brain injury group at both 6 h and 72 h after birth. The levels of serum UCH-L1 at 72 h after birth were significantly lower than those at 6 h after birth in PVH-IVH group and WMD group, while the levels of serum GFAP at 72 h after birth were significantly higher than those at 6 h after birth in both of the two groups (all P<0.05). The levels of serum UCH-L1 and GFAP in severe PVH-IVH group and severe WMD group were significantly higher than those in the mild group at 6 h and 72 h after birth (all P<0.05). Conclusions The levels of serum UCH-L1 and GFAP in preterm infants can be used as sensitive markers for early evaluation of brain injury, which can help determine the severity of brain injury in preterm infants.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 926-932, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666162

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop and validate one optimal MR radiomics model for lymph node (LN) re-evaluation of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotheray (NCRT). Methods Four hundred and seven patients with clinicopathologically confirmed LARC in Beijing Cancer Hospital were included in this study from July 2010 to June 2015. All patients received NCRT before surgery,and underwent T2WI and DWI before and after NCRT.These patients were chronologically divided in the primary cohort(300 patients)and independent validation cohort(107 patients).The predicting model was trained and validated using postoperative pathological findings as truth values. By using radiomics method, we extracted the features of the tumor and the largest LN before and after neoadjuvant therapy, combined different features of the tumor and/or the largest LN before and/or after neoadjuvant therapy,and constructed 4 different prediction models,compared the performance of four predicting models.The optimal model with the highest accuracy was validated in the independent cohort. Decision curve analysis was conducted to determine the clinical usefulness of the radiomics nomograms by quantifying the net benefits at different threshold probabilities in the validation dataset. Results In the primary cohort, the radiomics signatures from 4 models provided an AUC of 0.637, 0.709, 0.753, 0.835, respectively in LN re-evaluation after chemoradiotheray. The diagnostic efficacy of model 4 was much better than that of 1, 2 and 3 model. In the validation cohort, the radiomics signatures provided an AUC of 0.795 for LN re-evaluation after chemoradiotheray. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value were 0.813, 0.693, 0.531, 0.897, respectively (95% CI: 0.694 to 0.896, 0.647 to 0.911, 0.582 to 0.786, 0.361 to 0.621, 0.792 to 0.952). While the probability of predicting N+ ranges from 17% to 80%, using the proposed radiomics model to predict N+ shows a greater advantage than either the scheme in which all patients were assumed to N+ or the scheme in which all patients are N-. Decision curve analysis demonstrated that the radiomics nomograms were clinically useful. Conclusion With a systematic analysis and comparison of both pre-and post-NCRT MRI data, we constructed an optimal individualized LN re-evaluation model based on MR radiomics, combing primary tumor and the largest LN features, compared with other models (only with pre/post tumor or pre/post largest LN features).

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1382-1385, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607346

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the ability of pixel-based quantitative evaluation of CT values in differentiating benign and malignant cystic-solid ovarian tumors.Methods CT images of 41 cystic-solid ovarian lesions from 39 patients were reviewed,with 27 benign and 14 malignant confirmed by post-operation pathology or follow-up.Regions of interest (ROIs) were drawn along edges of tumors on all slices of contrast-enhanced images with ImageJ software.CT values of each pixel were extracted.CT values of 20,25,30,35 and 40 HU were used respectively as the threshold to divide cystic and solid components.Solid proportion,the mean and median CT values of solid component were calculated and compared between benign and malignant groups.Results Mean CT values of solid components were all higher in malignant than in benign ovarian masses under all the threshold values (P<0.05).For median CT values, the same trend existed under the threshold of 20,25,35 and 40 HU (P<0.05).For the solid proportion,difference was found only under the 40 HU threshold, with lower value in malignant group (0.67±0.25) than in benign group (0.47±0.31).ROC curves were drawn to differentiate benign and malignant lesions.The highest AUC was obtained by using the mean CT value of solid components defined by 40 HU threshold (AUC=0.735).Conclusion Pixel-based quantitative evaluation on CT images could help to define cystic and solid components of ovarian masses, with 40 HU to be an optimal threshold.Cystic-to-solid proportion and CT value of solid components derived from whole lesion can help to differentiate benign or malignant lesions.

16.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2017; 33 (5): 1166-1170
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189769

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical effect of transpedical interbody bone grafting in the treatment of i senile osteoporotic vertebral fracture


Methods: Eighty-six elders with osteoporotic vertebral fracture were selected and divided into a control group and a test group using random double-blind method. Patients in the control group were treated by short-segment transpedicular screw system internal fixation, while patients in the test group were treated by short-segment transpedicular screw system internal fixation in combination with transpedical interbody bone grafting. Operation related indexes and fracture recovery condition were compared between the two groups


Results: The overall effective rate of the test group was 93.02%, much higher than the control group [76.74%] [P<0.05]. The difference of operation duration, intraoperative bleeding volume, length of hospital | stay, fracture healing time, preoperative vertebral height loss and preoperative Cobb's angle between! the two groups had no statistical significance [P>0.05]. The postoperative pain score of the test group | was lower than that of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant [P<0.05]. The; vertebral height loss and Cobb's angle of the test group were superior to those of the control group at the last follow up, and the difference had statistical significance [P<0.05]. The incidence of internal fixator loosening of the test group was much lower than that of the control group [P<0.05]


Conclusion: Short-segment transpedicular screw system internal fixation in combination with transpedical interbody bone grafting shows favorable effects in the treatment senile osteoporotic vertebral fracture, resulting in mild pain and less loss of vertebral height and angle; hence it is worth promotion in clinic


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Bone Transplantation , Treatment Outcome , Pain, Postoperative , Spinal Fractures/therapy
17.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; (6): 447-450, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506718

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Naoxintong on nuclear transcription factor-κB ( NF-κB ) , matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9)and TNF-αin the brain of ischemic rat models.Methods One hundred and ten healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operated group ( n=30 ) , model control group ( n=40 ) and Naoxintong treatment group(n=40).Each group was further divided into five sub group by 0.5d, 1 d, 3 d, 5 d and 7 d after ischemia-reperfusion.The middle cerebral artery occlusion ischemia reperfusion rat models were prepared by Zea Longa method;meanwhile the MRI and the Bederson score were used to select the successful models .In order to observe the changing process of the ischemic brain tissue after given Naoxintong capsule , six rats in each group each timepoint were examined by MRI .The expression levels of protein and mRNA of NF-κB, MMP-9 and TNF-αwere detected respectively by western blot and real time PCR .Results Cerebral infarction volume of Naoxintong treatment group was significantly reduced compared with the model control group .The mRNA and protein levels of NF-κB, MMP-9 and TNF-αof the Naoxintong treatment group decreased significantly compared with the model control group (P <0.05).The mRNA and protein levels of NF-κB, MMP-9 and TNF-αhad no significant difference between the sham group and Naoxintong treatment group .Conclusion Naoxintong has a neuroprotection effect on cerebral ischemia via alleviating the inflammatory factors in the ischemic area .

18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 886-890, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491370

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the possibility of three-dimensional (3D) kidney replications for clinical and teaching of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).Methods The CT urography (CTU) DICOM format data from 5 patients with kidney calculi were selected from March 1st to June 1st,2015.Thresholding technique,region growing technique,edit mask technique and multiple slice edit technique were used in sequence by Mimics software.And five 3D replications were printed by Object 500 3D printer.The sizes of the replications were measured and the replications were punctured.Results The 3D replications of the kidneys were successfully designed and printed.The average difference of the long axes between 3D replications and patients' kidneys was 0.283cm,the average difference of the diameters was 0.212cm,and the average difference of the diameter of the stones was 0.244cm.The sizes of the 3D replications were basically consistent with those of patients' kidneys.The simulative puncturing was successful.Conclusions After comparing the 3D replications with their original 2D CT images,the anatomical details are found basically the same.The 3D replications could provide 3D visual observations of organ anatomy for surgeons.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261095

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study aims to detect the expression level of interleukin-23 (IL-23) in tongue squamous cell carcinoma tissues and its relationship with clinical prognosis, as well as explore the anti-apoptotic and drug resistance of the tongue squamous cell line-SCC9 before and after treatment with IL-23.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of IL-23 in tumor tissues from 28 tongue cancer patients was analyzed by immunohistochemistry assay. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression of Wingless-related integration site (Wnt)1 and c-myc in SCC9 cells treated with different IL-23 concentrations. After interferencing the β-catenin with small interfering RNA (siRNA), the expression of β-catenin, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2 (ABCG2), and permeability-glycoprotein (P-gp) in SCC9 was measured by Western blot analysis. The effect of IL-23 on the apoptotic resistance of SCC9 to cisplatin was examined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of IL-23 in tongue cancer tissues was correlated with lymphatic metastasis, nerve invasion, and the recurrence after therapy (P<0.05). After dealing with IL-23, SCC9 showed the upregulation effect of Bcl-2, ABCG2 and P-gp expressions. IL-23 was closely related to the activation level of the Wnt pathway and significantly strengthened the resistance to cisplatin (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>IL-23 activates the Wnt pathway in tongue squamous cell carcinoma, thereby enhancing its resistance to apoptosis and drug.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cisplatin , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Physiology , Humans , Interleukin-23 , Metabolism , Interleukin-23 Subunit p19 , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , RNA, Small Interfering , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tongue Neoplasms , Metabolism , beta Catenin , Metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 865-868, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479865

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application efficacy of disposable circumcision stapler with compound lidocaine cream combined with lidocaine injection in the circumcision.Methods From September 2013 to November 2014,120 cases (11 cases of redundant prepuce phimosis patients), were divided into disposable circumcision suture group (S group, 60 cases) and conventional circumcision (T group, 60 eases) ,two groups had no statistically significant difference at patient age and wrapping case (6 cases phimosis of S group,5 cases phimosis of T group) (P >0.05.Patient's age ranged from 11 to 49 years.30 patients in each group were treated with lidocaine cream combined with lidocaine injection,and another 30 patients were treated with a local anesthetic lidocaine injection.Comparisons were conducted among the four groups on the operation time, anesthesia, intraoperative and postoperative pain score, blood loss and postoperative complications, postoperative appearance satisfaction, wound healing time.Results For the disposable circumcision stapler with lidocaine cream combined with lidocaine injection group, disposable circumcision stapler with lidocaine injection group, sleeve circumcision with lidocaine cream combined with lidocaine injection group and sleeve circumcision with lidocaine injection group, the operation time was (5.3 ± 1.5) min, (4.9 ± 1.4) min, (31.6 ± 3.4) min, (32.0 ± 3.3) min respectively, blood loss was (0.6 ± 0.4) ml, (0.8 ± 0.5) ml, (6.9 ± 2.4) ml, (7.5 ± 2.1) ml respectively, narcotic pain score was 0.6 ± 0.6,3.2 ±3.9,2.5 ± 1.0,0.5 ±0.6,intraoperative pain score was 0.8 ±0.9,1.4 ±0.8,2.2 ± 1.1,3.1 ± 1.1,postoperative 24 h pain score was 1.6 ±0.9,2.2 ±0.8,2.6 ± 1.3,4.4 ± 1.1, postoperative 48h pain score was 0.7 ±0.6,0.8 ±0.9,2.4 ±0.8,2.8 ±0.7, wound healing time was (13.7 ±1.5)d,(13.5 ± 1.7)d, (14.2 ± 1.3) d, (14.1 ± 1.6) d, the rate of postoperative complications was 6.6% (2/30), 10.0% (3/30),26.6% (8/30), 33.4% (10/30), satisfaction rate of appearance was 93.4% (28/30), 96.7% (29/30),70.4% (22/30), 80.0% (24/30).Compared with sleeve circumcision with lidocain injection group,disposable circumcision stapler with lidocaine cream combined with lidocaine injection had a shorter operation time, less pain, less bleeding, higher appearance satisfaction rate and lower incidence of complications (P < 0.05), wound healing time had no significant difference (P > 0.05).Conclusion Application of the disposable circumcision stapler with lidocaine cream combined with lidocaine injection on circumcision is safe and has got better clinical outcomes.

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