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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1381-1396, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922639

ABSTRACT

Mechanosensitive ion channels (MSCs) are key molecules in the mechano-electrical transduction of arterial baroreceptors. Among them, acid-sensing ion channel 2 (ASIC2) and transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily member 1 (TRPV1) have been studied extensively and documented to play important roles. In this study, experiments using aortic arch-aortic nerve preparations isolated from rats revealed that both ASIC2 and TRPV1 are functionally necessary, as blocking either abrogated nearly all pressure-dependent neural discharge. However, whether ASIC2 and TRPV1 work in coordination remained unclear. So we carried out cell-attached patch-clamp recordings in HEK293T cells co-expressing ASIC2 and TRPV1 and found that inhibition of ASIC2 completely blocked stretch-activated currents while inhibition of TRPV1 only partially blocked these currents. Immunofluorescence staining of aortic arch-aortic adventitia from rats showed that ASIC2 and TRPV1 are co-localized in the aortic nerve endings, and co-immunoprecipitation assays confirmed that the two proteins form a compact complex in HEK293T cells and in baroreceptors. Moreover, protein modeling analysis, exogenous co-immunoprecipitation assays, and biotin pull-down assays indicated that ASIC2 and TRPV1 interact directly. In summary, our research suggests that ASIC2 and TRPV1 form a compact complex and function synergistically in the mechano-electrical transduction of arterial baroreceptors. The model of synergism between MSCs may have important biological significance beyond ASIC2 and TRPV1.


Subject(s)
Acid Sensing Ion Channels/physiology , Animals , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Pressoreceptors/physiology , Rats , TRPV Cation Channels/physiology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744190

ABSTRACT

Rehabilitation physician training is an important part of the development of rehabilitation medicine.Rehabilitation physician education in Taiwan has a complete and standardized training system,and rehabilitation physician training in mainland China is mainly achieved through standardized residency training.This article compares the differences in training processes for rehabilitation physicians in education in medical colleges and universities,residency training,and specialist training between Taiwan and mainland China.The results show that rehabilitation physician training in Taiwan is rigorous and orderly,with reasonable contents,clear objectives,strong specialty,and standardized assessment,while in mainland China,rehabilitation physicians in mainland China have insufficient training time,and there is a lack of detailed training plan and unified assessment standards.Rehabilitation physician training in mainland China needs to learn from advanced experience,further reform the training process,improve the operability of the overall education program,and perfect the training system of rehabilitation physicians.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796423

ABSTRACT

Taking the design and application of microlecture on action potential of neural stem as research basis, we summarized the content, structure level and learning mode of microlecture which adapted in functional experimental teaching. Application of microlecture on the course of medical function experimental teaching, including pre-class preparation, classroom teaching and after-class review can inspire students' learning enthusiasm, improve their learning efficiency and teachers' teaching quality, so as to cultivate students' innovative thinking.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790278

ABSTRACT

Taking the design and application of microlecture on action potential of neural stem as research basis,we summarized the content,structure level and learning mode of microlecture which adapted in functional experimental teaching.Application of microlecture on the course of medical function experimental teaching,including pre-class preparation,classroom teaching and after-class review can inspire students' learning enthusiasm,improve their learning efficiency and teachers' teaching quality,so as to cultivate students' innovative thinking.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513819

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Apical sealing ability is the key to ensure the long-term curative effect of root canal therapy. The post space preparation exposes some inevitable influence on root canal sealing ability, so how to minimize this effect becomes a hot spot.OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of immediate or delayed post space preparation on the apical sealing ability of different root canal sealers.METHODS: Forty-eight extracted human premolar teeth were obtained, and the tooth crown was cut off. The samples were randomly divided into three groups (n=16 teeth per group). Group A underwent the immediate post space preparation; group B underwent the delayed post space preparation; group C without the post space preparation. Then all groups were subdivided into two groups, and then were filled with the gutta-percha/AH-Plus (groups A1, B1 and C 1)or the gutta-percha/mineral trioxide aggregate (groups A2, B2 and C2). The depth of apical dye penetration was measured using pressure-driven system. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: There were no significant differences in the apical microleakage between groups A1 and B1, A2 and B2, C1 and C2 (P > 0.05). The apical microleakage in the group A1 was significantly higher than that in the group A2, and the group B1 also showed higher apical microleakage than the group B2 (P < 0.05). Our findings suggest that either immediate or delayed post space preparation exposes little influence on the apical microleakage after root canal filling with gutta-percha/mineral trioxide aggregate, which exhibits better apical sealing ability than the AH-plus.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620463

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of psychological intervention and flurbiprofen axetil on the recovery period of laparoscopic surgery for sevoflurane anesthesia.Methods 100 cases of laparoscopic surgery in the First People's Hospital of Jiande City from January 2015 to December 2016 were selected.They were randomly divided into the control group and the experimental group, each with 50 cases.The induction methods of the control group and the experimental group were the same as those during the operation, and propofol and sevoflurane and remifentanil were used to maintain anesthesia.The experimental group patients before intravenous injection of 2 mg/kg flurbiprofen, psychological intervention nursing, pay attention to the psychological status of patients, strengthen the communication with patients, patients with heart to eliminate negative emotions, relieve the psychological pressure of patients.Results The incidence of restlessness before extubation was 32%in the control group,and the rate of restlessness immediately after extubation was 22%.The occurrence rate of restlessness was 56% at 5 minutes after extubation.In the experimental group, the incidence of agitation at different times was significantly lower than that in the control group, with statistical difference(P<0.05).Compared with the control group, the hemodynamics of the experimental group was more stable, and the incidence of nausea and other adverse reactions was lower, with statistical difference(P<0.05).Conclusion Laparoscopic surgery under sevoflurane anesthesia can reduce the incidence of restlessness in recovery period of a certain degree of psychological intervention combined with flurbiprofen,stable hemodynamics,reduce the incidence of adverse reactions.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494074

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: At present, there is no consensus on the timing of post space preparation in the clinical medical treatment. But it can be inferred from some studies that post space preparation may affect coronal microleakage using different fil ing materials. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of immediate post space preparation and delayed post space preparation restoration on coronal microleakage using different fil ing materials. METHODS: Forty-eight extracted and single-rooted premolars were randomly divided into six groups (n=8 per group): premolars were fil ed with AH-plus paste and gutta-percha with the immediate post space preparation as group A1; premolars fil ed with mineral trioxide aggregate paste and gutta-percha with the immediate post space preparation as group A2; premolars fil ed with AH-plus paste and gutta-percha with the delayed post space preparation 1 week later as group B1; premolars fil ed with mineral trioxide aggregate paste and gutta-percha with the delayed post space preparation after 1 week later as group B2;premolars fil ed with AH-plus paste and gutta-percha as negative control group; premolars fil ed with gutta-percha as positive control group. Afterwards, al specimens were soaked for 4 weeks under simulated oral environment to measure the length of coronal microleakage by pressurized dye penetration method. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: No coronal microleakage was found in the negative control group, but serious coronal microleakage occurred in the positive control group involving the entire root canal. And there was no significant difference in the length of coronal microleakage between group A2 and B2, as wel as between group A1 and A2 (P > 0.05); but the length of coronal microleakage in the group A1 and B2 was significantly less than that in the group B1 (P < 0.05). These results show that the delayed post space preparation has overt effect on the coronal microleakage of root canal fil ed with AH-plus paste.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490056

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Guidances for design of Chinese people’s temporomandibular joint prosthesis are urgently needed because foreign prosthesis is unsuitable for Chinese people due to variant anatomy parameters. OBJECTIVE:To provide a reference for improving the design of artificial temporomandibular joint through computer three-dimensional digital measures of the anatomy parameters of the temporomandibular joint. METHODS:Continuous CT data with layer thick 0.625 mm of 30 normal temporomandibular joints were selected. Three-dimensional digital reconstruction and eight related anatomy parameter measurements of the articular fossaandcondylar of the joints were performed using Mimics10.01 software. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The internal and external diameter of the mandibular fossa, head of mandible and neck of mandible were greater thantheanterior and posteriordiameter. The mandibular foramen was located at middle-posterior of the ramus ofthe mandible. The distance between head of the mandible and coronoid process was longer than the depth of the mandibular notch. There were no significant differences between two sidesregardingal above-mentioned parameters. There are certain regular patterns in anatomy parameters of the temporomandibular joint. The study results wil provide a reference for improving the design of artificial temporomandibular joint.

9.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3935-3937, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482085

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the short‐term effect of chronic periodontitis patients after implant treatment .Methods Selected 60 cases of tooth loss in chronic periodontitis patients as research group ,a total of 75 implants were placed ,and 50 cases of periodontal healthy teeth missing patients as control group ,a total of 67 implants were placed .Compared two groups of modification sulcus bleeding index(mBII) ,papilla index score(PIS) ,modification plaque index(mPLI) and probing depth(PD) 6 months after op‐eration ,and detected implant sulcular fluid IL‐2 ,IL‐8 content in two groups before and after operation .Results Research group 75 implants had 2 off on their own ,implant loosening degrees 0 ,implant survival rate was 97 .3% ;the control group had no implant failure ,implant loosening of implant survival rate was 100% ,two groups of implant survival rate was no significant difference(χ2 =2 .737 ,P= 0 .098) .The mSBI ,PIS ,mPLI ,PD in research group and control group had no statistically significant(P > 0 .05) .Re‐search group sulcular fluid IL‐2 ,IL‐8 content was significantly higher than those in control group before and after the operation (P< 0 .05) .Conclusion The short‐term effect of implant treatment in chronic periodontitis patients is satisfactory ,without increas‐ing the risk of peri‐implantitis ,and worth of clinical promotion .

10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4063-4065,4069, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602855

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the trans‐regulative effect of hepatitis B virus (HBV) preS2 on the promoter of human acyl protein thioesterase 1 (APT1) gene .Methods The promoter sequence of human APT1 gene was identified applying the soft‐ware of bioinformatics .The APT1 promoter and HBV preS2 gene were amplified with PCR and cloned into pGL3 and pcDNA3 .1 (-) plasmids to construct the luciferase reporter gene plasmid of human APT1 gene promoter pGL3‐APT1 and the preS2 eukary‐otic expression plasmid pcDNA3 .1(-)‐preS2 ,respectively .The effect of the preS2 on the human APT1 gene promoter was exam‐ined by cotransfecting hepatocellular carcinoma cell HepG2 with pGL3‐APT1 and pcDNA3 .1(-)‐preS2 and measuring luciferase activities of the HepG2 cells .The statistical data were analyzed with independent‐samples t test .Results Both plasmids of pGL3‐APT1 and pcDNA3 .1(-)‐preS2 were confirmed by DNA sequencing to be accurately constructed as design .The luciferase activity of the pGL3‐APT1 was 1 .2 times (P<0 .01) that of the positive control plasmid pGL3‐Control .And the luciferase activity of the HepG2 cells cotransfected with pcDNA3 .1(-)‐preS2 and pGL3‐APT1 was 2 .6 times (P<0 .01) that of the HepG2 cells cotrans‐fected with the plasmid without preS2 gene pcDNA3 .1(-) and pGL3‐APT1 .Conclusion The human APT1 promoter cloned in the study has high promoter activity ;HBV preS2 activates human APT1 promoter .

11.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2872-2875, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459046

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of the gene silencing of phosphatidic acid-preferring phospholipase A1 (PA-PLA1) on insulin secretion in mouse insulin-secreting cell line MIN6. Methods The siRNA expression vector of mouse PA-PLA1 gene targeting was constructed using mouse PA-PLA1 mRNA sequence available in GenBank, and MIN6 cells were transfected with the vector. Fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western-blotwere applied to screen efficient RNAi-vector. After transfection with obtained efficient RNAi-vectors for 48 hours, glucose-stimulated insulin secretion experiments were conducted, and the changes of insulin secretion were examined. Results Four siRNA expression vectors of mouse PA-PLA1 gene targeting were confirmed to be successfully constructed by the analyses of enzyme cleavage and sequencing. The results of fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot analyses indicated that the siRNA expression vectorpGPU6-PA-PLA1-1885was the most effective RNAi-vector in the four vectors. The expression levels of the PA-PLA1 mRNA and protein of the MIN6 cells transfectedwith pGPU6-PA-PLA1-1885 decreased to 46.3% and 33.9% of that of the control, respectively, and meanwhile the insulin secretion levels of the cells decreased to 65.0% of that of the control (P < 0.05). Conclusion The gene silencing of phosphatidic acid-preferring phospholipase A1 might decrease insulin secretion in MIN6 cells.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436870

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of anti-syphilis treatment on the perinatal outcomes and neonatal prognosis in pregnant women complicated with syphilis.Methods One hundred and ninety eight pregnant women complicated with syphilis were collected from Chengdu Hospital of Infectious Diseases during January 2010 and January 2012,including 98 cases received standard treatment,59 cases received nonstandard treatment and 41 cases did not receive treatment.Pearson x2 and partition of chi-square were used for the comparison of pregnant outcomes,neonatal prognosis and negative rates of rapid plasma circle card test (RPR) among 3 groups.Results The incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes,including miscarriage,prematurity,still birth and congenital malformation were 4.08%,27.12% and 63.41% in three groups,respectively.The incidence of congenital syphilis,low birth weight,asphyxia in infants and neonatal death raised in from standard-treatment group,nonstandard-treatment group to untreated group.Congenital syphilis rates were 2.04%,18.75% and 35.29% in three groups,respectively.RPR titers in newborns from mothers with high RPR titer (≥ 1 ∶ 8) in standard-treatment group were significantly lower than those in nonstandard-treatment group and untreated group (x2 =37.122,P < 0.01).RPR negative rates were 100.00%,59.26% and 25.00% in three groups,respectively (x2 =18.839,P < 0.01).Conclusion Standard anti-syphilis treatment can improve pregnant outcome,neonatal prognosis and reduce the incidence of congenital syphilis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420960

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the linguistic manifestations and locations of brain lesions of Uyghur aphasia patients,and the differences between Uyghurs and other Chinese aphasics.Methods Forty-five aphasic Uyghurs and forty-five other Chinese aphasies were studied.All had suffered a stroke.Aphasia examinations were performed using a Chinese aphasia battery(ABC).CT and MRI images were taken of all patients.Results There was no obvious difference in linguistic manifestations between the Uyghur and other aphasics.The brain lesions of 24 Uyghur cases(53.33%)and 36 of the others(80%)were located in the classic language centers,a highly significant difference.The incidence of crossed aphasia in the Uyghur group was higher than among the others.Conclusion Various types of aphasia have their own unique linguistic characteristics,but the same type of aphasia has the same linguistic characteristics among Uyghurs and other Chinese.Chinese aphasia is more coincident with the pattern of classic language centers than aphasia among Uyghurs.

14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1144-1150, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296945

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of exogenous oxygen, we added water solution of paraquat to 7 d cultures of Coriolus versicolor for the next 148 h. Enzyme exudation and biochemical process were investigated on the addition of paraquat. We found that compared with the control (without paraquat), the addition of 30 micromol/L paraquat stimulated the activity of manganese dependent peroxidase (MnP), lignin peroxidase (LiP), and laccases (Lac) 7, 2.5 and 1.3 times, respectively. Also, addition of paraquat enhanced activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in the first 48 h. Impact of paraquat on ligninolytic enzymes was significant than that on antioxidant enzyme. Addition of paraquat enhanced phenolic compounds and formaldehyde of cultures too. And concentration of malondialdehyde was increased in the first 24 h. The results showed that addition of paraquat promoted oxidative stress, but the antioxidant systems of the fungal strain are sufficient to prevent mycelia from oxidative stress. As exogenous oxygen, paraquat might be a useful substrate in degradation of lignocellulose.


Subject(s)
Fungi , Lignin , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Paraquat , Pharmacology , Peroxidases , Metabolism
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-586890

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the changes in pathogenic bacteria and drug resistance in nosocomial(septicemia).METHODS The blood samples of inpatients were cultured with blood culture apparatus,VITEK-AMS were used to identify the pathogenic bacteria and conduct drug resistance test.RESULTS The proportion of(Gram-positive) cocci had been increasing,coagulase negative staphylococcus increased significantly,but the(proportion) of Staphylococcus aureus decreased significantly.The proportion of Gram-negative bacteria and fungi decreased too.Vancomycin and imipenem were the highest susceptible to Gram-positive and Gram-negative(bacteria),respectively.CONCLUSIONS Gram-negative bacteria are the major pathogens in nosocomial septicemia.But Gram-positive cocci had been increasing in the past years.Coagulase negative staphylococcus is the main pathogen in nosocomial septicemia.pathogenic bacteria are higher resistant to the commonly used antibiotics.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-594655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the antimicrobial-resistant profile of aminoglycosides-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from Wenzhou.METHODS Between Jan 2006 and Sep 2007,non-replicate clinical isolates of K.pneumoniae were consecutively collected from inpatients in a teaching hospital in Wenzhou,China.Antibiotic susceptibility test was determined by the disc diffusion method recommended by CLSI.Sixty-four gentamicin-resistant isolates were investigated for the presence of ESBLs by the CLSI-recommended confirmatory tests.RESULTS Of the 64 gentamicin-resistant isolates,the resistant rates to ciprofloxacin,levofloxacin cefoxitin,tetracycline,trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole,ceftazidime and cefotaxime were 7.5%,29.7%,39.1%,85.9%,76.6%,67.2%,and 73.4%,respectively.All isolates were susceptible to imipenem.73.4% of gentamicin-resistant isolates produced ESBLs.CONCLUSIONS Gentamicin-resistant K.pneumoniae is multi-resistant to antibiotics.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-594493

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical distribution and antibiotic resistance of Enterococcus faecium in our hospital and provide the reference for the clinical treatment. METHODS The statistical method was used to analyze the status of drug resistance of 519 E. faecium strains which were isolated form our hospital from Jun 2006 to May 2008. RESULTS Among 519 isolated E. faecium strains, most common sources of specimens were urine (34.9%), sputum(26.8%) and feces (18.3%); E. faecium infection mainly distributed at ICU, respiratiory wards and EICU; E. faecium was resistant to multiple antibiotics. The drug-resistant rates to vancomycin and teicoplanin were 6.2% and 3.2%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS E. faecium could cause various infection, and has a high antibiotic resistance which is difficult to treat, we should be paid high clinical attention.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-408900

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is demonstrated in modern pharmacologic study that total paeony glycoside (TPG) provides extensive pharmacologic activities,such as inhibiting aggregation of platelets and erythrocytes, anticoagulation,antithrombsis, anti-arterial sclerosis, protecting heart and liver, anti-tumor,etc.OBJECTIVE: Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were cultured in vitro and by the changes of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) contents in cell culture solution, the protection of TPG on injured cardiomyocytes was analyzed.DESIGN: Controlled observation was designed.SETTING: Bioengineering Department in School of Life Science and Technology of Xi 'an Jiaotong University and Institute of Bone Diseases in Medical School of Xi'an Jiaotong University.MATERIALS: The experiment was performed in Bioengineering Department in School of Life Science and Technology of Xi 'an Jiaotong University from February to June in 2003, in which, 44 SD neonatal rats aged 1-3 days were employed. The 48-hour-cultured cardioryocytes were prepared in 42 bottles and randomized into 6 groups, named normal control (normal group), medicated-injury group (injury group), TPG 0.625 mg/L group,TPG 3.125 mg/L group, TPG 15.625 mg/L group and positive control, 7 bottles in each group.METHODS: Cardiomyocytic primary culture was performed under aseptic condition. No any drug was used in normal group, isoprenaline was added in injury group to terminate the concentration at 100 mg/L, in TPG 0.625, 3.125 and 15.625 mg/L groups, 30 minutes after isoprenaline added, RGP at dosages of 0.625, 3.125 and 15.625 mg/L were added respectively; in positive control, 30 minutes after isoprenaline added, coenzyme Q10 was used to terminate the concentration as 100 mg/L.Afterwards, the assay of every index was performed. Xanthine oxidase (XOD) method was used to assay SOD activity, thiobarbituric acid (TBA)method was to assay MDA content and nitrate reductase (NR) method was to assay NO content.cell culture solution in each group.Compared with normal group, the levels of total SOD, CuZn-SOD and MnSOD were reduced remarkably in injury group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).The above-indexes in every TPG group and positive control were improved to different extents (P < 0.05 or < 0.01), in which, the protection of TPG 15.625 mg/L group was near to or superior to positive control [(79.50±10.67), (80.30±13.50); (48.24±13.26), (49.73±10.23); (31.26±10.22),in cell culture solution in each group: Those in injury group were higher remarkably than normal group (P < 0.01). MDA and NO contents were all reduced in every TPG group and positive control and dose dependence presented in TPG protection, the higher the dose was, the stronger the action of TPG on protection was, in which, in high-dose group, MDA content was near to normal group [(5.41±1.81), (4.48±0.94) μmol/L, P > 0.05] and NO content was similar to positive control [(81.83± 9.08), (82.41±12.37) mol/L,P > 0.05].CONCLUSION: TPG protects myocardial injury induced by isoprenaline,indicating dose-dependence relationship, which is probably associated with enhanced anti-oxidation of cell, reduced injury of cellular membrane induced by free radical and lipid oxidant.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-587556

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate characters of molecular epidemiology of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus(MRSA) outbreak strains in an emergency intensive care unit(EICU),to follow-up the possible sources,understand transmission for infection,and determine preventive strategies.METHODS Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis(PFGE) was used to analyze the homology of MRSA strains,isolated from clinical patients′ infection sites and environment,and carried by patients and healthcare workers in EICU of our hospital in December,2004.RESULTS Six of 17 patients were infected by MRSA,and 7 strains were isolated((including) 2 strains from different sites of the same patient).Surveillance cultures of ward′s environments,(patients)′ nares and healthcare workers′ nares and hands were performed in the outbreak period.Five MRSA strains were isolated,including a strain from nares of a patient,a strain from a table-board of a procedure room,a strain from hand of a nurse,a strain from a bed bar,and a strain from ward′s air.PFGE typing of the 12 MRSA strains showed that all 7 strains isolated from patients′ infection sites and two strains from nares of a patient and hand of a nurse were of type A.Strains from a procedure room,bed bar and air were of types B,C and D,respectively.CONCLUSIONS MRSA′s source and its transmission route are elucidated by genotyping.MRSA appears to come from a patient′s nares and has been transferred in ward by hand of healthcare workers.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-623351

ABSTRACT

Extracurricular activities are necessary complementarity to curricular study and play an important role in medical education.Research and practice of how to develop the extracurricular activities in medical students were carried out,and good results were achieved in the aspect of the development of students' comprehensive quality and practical ability.

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