Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 59
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886691

ABSTRACT

@#To investigate the effects of sanguinarine (Sang) combined with cisplatin (Cis) in accelerating the apoptosis of bladder cancer EJ cells, CCK-8 method was used to detect the proliferation of bladder cancer EJ cells treated with different concentrations of Sang with the IC50 values calculated. Annexin V FITC/PI method was used to detect cell apoptosis in the control group, Sang group, Cis group and the combination group. Flow cytometer was used to detect cell cycle arrested. Western blot was used to detect the influence of Bcl-2 expression in the control group, Sang group, Cis group and the combination group. Nude mouse subcutaneous tumor model was constructed to verify that the combination group could accelerate the apoptosis of bladder cancer EJ cells and reduce the side-effects on mice. The safety of the Sang was evaluated by HE staining of vital organs in mice. In vitro, Sang could significantly inhibit the proliferation of EJ cells. Compared with the control group, the number of apoptosis EJ cells in the combination group was significantly increased (P < 0.05), and more cells were arrested in G2/M phase. The expression of Bcl-2 was significantly down-regulated in the combination group (P <0.001). In vivo, compared with the control group, the tumor growth was significantly slower, and a large number of apoptotic cells were inspected (P < 0.05) of the combination group. The side effects of cisplatin were reduced in the combination group. Sang has high biosafety and little side effect. Combined Sang and Cis can increase cell cycle G2/M block, down-regulate Bcl-2 expression, promote cell apoptosis and inhibit tumor growth.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885078

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze the clinical and serological characteristics in rehabilitated patients with common novel coronavirus pneumonia(COVID-19).Methods:A total of 165 patients with common COVID-19 were enrolled in this retrospective study, in which clinical data was collected from February 23 to March 15, 2020 in Leishenshan Hospital(Wuhan, China). The patients with COVID-19 were divided into elderly group and non-elderly group according to their age, and the differences in the clinical and serological metabolic characteristics between these two groups were analyzed.Results:49.7% patients were over 60 years old. The most common clinical symptoms were fever, cough, and fatigue, followed by muscle soreness. Expectoration and digestive tract symptoms were rare. Dyspnea occurred more frequently in the elderly group than in non-elderly group(47.56% vs 25.30%, P<0.01). Hypertension was the most common concomitant disease(accounting for 29.1%)followed by diabetes. Hypertension was more common in the elderly group than in non-elderly group(41.46% vs 16.86%, P<0.01), but without significant difference in diabetes between the two groups. The counts of leukocytes and lymphocytes in all patients were in the normal range, and no difference was observed between the groups. The comparison of serological indicators showed that serum creatinine in the elderly group was higher than that in the non-elderly group( P<0.01)while serum albumin, glomerular filtration rate, and serum calcium were lower in the elderly group. After serum albumin correction, the levels of albumin corrected calcium in all patients were in the normal range, without significant difference between these two groups. There was no significant difference between the two groups when the length of hospital stay was taken as the index of outcome [(34.01±10.24) vs(30.97±10.51)d, P>0.05]. Conclusion:Fever, cough, and fatigue are the most common clinical symptoms in patients with ordinary COVID-19. The elderly are more likely to develop dyspnea. The blood routine and metabolic characteristics in patients with common COVID-19 are normal, but serum albumin level is more likely to decrease in elderly patients with COVID-19.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the genetic characteristics of VP1 region and genotypes of enterovirus 71 (EV71) associated with hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in the mainland of China.Methods:The VP1 gene sequences of 3 102 isolates of EV71 from the mainland of China(excluding repetitive sequences)and 30 known EV71 genotypes as reference strains between 1996 and 2018 were obtained from GenBank. Phylogenetic tree, amino acid homology, genetic variation and genotype analyses of the EV71-VP1 protein were performed with MEGA 6.0 software.Results:The amino acid identity was 88.33%-100.00% among the 3 102 EV71 strains, if included reference strains it was 87.34%-100.00%. The amino acid identity was 93.47%-100.00%, compared with vaccine strain H07, and 93.04%-100.00% compared with vaccine strains FY7VP5 or FY-23K-B. Since 2000, the prevalent strains of EV71 were mainly of the C4 genotype; while during 2005 to 2018 the C4a subgenotype was predominant, followed by the C4b, other subgenotypes appeared sporadically. Some amino acid variations in VP1 of EV71 occurred with high frequencies, including A293S (16.75%), S283T (15.73%), A289T (12.44%), E98K (7.22%), H22Q (6.66%), N31D (4.50%) and V249I (4.40%).Conclusion:The C4 genotype of EV71 in China’s mainland matches the vaccine and should effectively control EV71 infection. Genetic characteristics of the EV71-VP1 region should be continuously monitored, which is critical for epidemic control and vaccine design to prevent EV71-HFMD in children.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744825

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and prognostic significance of DEAH-box helicase (DHX16) by pan-cancer analysis. Methods The expression and prognostic significance of DHX16 were analyzed using the UALCAN web-portal. Gene ontology and kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes analyses of proteins interacting with DHX16 were performed using DAVID 6.8 functional annotation software. Results DHX16 was highly expressed in bladder urothelial carcinoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, esophageal carcinoma, liver hepatocellular carcinoma, and cholangiocarcinoma (all P < 0.001). Proteins interacting with DHX16 were located mainly in catalytic step 2 spliceosome, nucleoplasm, and cell membrane, and participated in mRNA splicing and processing, binding to poly (A) RNA and nucleic acids, and RNA helicase activity. Spliceosome, mRNA surveillance, RNA degradation, and transport pathways were implicated. Conclusion The high expression of DHX16 is helpful for the prognosis of bladder urothelial carcinoma prognosis, and unfavorable for prognoses of adrenocortical carcinoma, sarcoma, brain lower grade glioma, liver hepatocellular carcinoma, and acute myeloid leukemia. Thus, DHX16 may have value as a prognostic marker.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688233

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To report on prenatal diagnosis and follow up of two patients with paternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 6 (pUPD6).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fetal cells were subjected to in situ culturing and G-banded chromosomal analysis. DNA samples of the fetuses and their parents were also analyzed with single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP array).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both fetuses had a normal male karyotype. SNP array analysis showed both have carried pUPD6.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>pUPD6 can lead to transient neonatal diabetes mellitus type 1. Homozygous status of recessive mutations, disorder of gene imprinting, and its influence on placental function are the main factors to be considered during prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling for pUPD6.</p>

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1270-1273, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704781

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a risk scoring system for identifying invasive fungal infection(IFI)patients with hematologic diseases. METHODS:Risk factors were investigated among 200 patients diagnosed with IFI and 200 control patients at the same time from Jan. 2008 to Dec. 2015. The single factor analysis and Logistic multivariate regression analysis were conducted for potential risk factors to screen and assign risk factors of IFI. The risk scoring system of IFI was established,the performance of scoring system was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve. Using the scoring system,103 patients of validation group were scored during Jan. to Jun. in 2016.The incidence of IFI in each group was compared. 18 high-risk patients were intervened by the scoring system. RESULTS:Community acquired infection,the reduction of neutrophils,fungal infection history,corticosteroids and broad-spectrum antibiotics(Enzyme inhibitors,glycopeptides,quinolones,aminoglycosides and carbapenems)were risk factors of IFI(P<0.001),and the score of them were 17,10,39,14,14 according to the regression coefficients. IFI risk scoring system was divided into low,medium and high risk(scoring 0-30,31-40,≥41),AUC of ROC curve was 0.916. The incidence of IFI in low-risk,medium-risk and high risk groups were 3.0%,10.7% and 62.5%,high-risk group was significantly higher than low and medium-risk groups(P<0.05).The incidence of IFI was 16.7% in intervention group, there was statistical significance compared to high-risk group of validation group(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:This scoring system shows good ability to distinguish risk stratification. It can help clinicians identifying IFI high-risk groups and timely guiding timely intervention for patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 226-230, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708726

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the core competency of grass-roots nurses in Jiangsu Province,and to provide references for training grass-roots nurses.Methods The Competency Inventory for Registered Nurse(CIRN)was used to investigate 593 grass-roots nurses in Jiangsu Province.Results The overall score of importance judgement for core competency was 4.45±0.73.The overall execution frequency was 4.26±0.69.There were significant differences in the importance judgment of clinical care,interpersonal relationship,leadership,and professional development among nurses with different job titles(P<0.05).There were significant differences in the execution frequency of clinical care,interpersonal relationship,ethical/legal practice,critical thinking and scientific research among nurses with different job titles (P<0.05).There were certain differences in the importance judgment and the execution frequency for core competency among nurses with different job titles and nurses from different institutions.Conclusion The score for grass-roots nurses' core competency in Jiangsu Province was not high and unbalanced.There were differences between the importance judgment and the execution frequency.Hospital managers should take appropriate measures to address existing problems and improve the grass-roots nursers' core competency according to different characteristics.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514547

ABSTRACT

Human avian-origin influenza A (H7N9)virus is a novel subtype of avian influenza A virus,which firstly emerged at the end of March 2013 in Shanghai and Anhui province.It rapidly spread in China within a short time,causing high morbidity and mortality,arousing fear and panic in public,and attracting extensive attention worldwide.The analysis of human H7N9 avian influenza virus gene shows a high affinity for α-2,6-linked sialic acid receptors expressed on human respiratory epithelial cells.At present,the sporadic cases of human H7N9 avian influenza virusare occasionally reported with an epidemic peaksat winter and spring.This article reviews clinical features,epidemiology and genetic characteristics of H7N9 avian influenza virus,proving scientific evidences foreffective prevention and control of H7N9 virus infection.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513458

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Islet beta cell replacement therapy is one of the most promising approaches for treating type 1 diabetes mellitus. However, its large scale application is hampered by a shortage of islet beta cells for transplantation. Pluripotent stem cells are one of ideal seed cells for islet beta cell replacement therapy, but pancreatic beta-cell differentiation is time-consuming and labor-intensive. OBJECTIVE:To construct a high efficient pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (Pdx1)/insulin dual-reporter vector and to monitor the key genes expression during pancreatic beta-cell differentiation from pluripotent stem cells. METHODS:In order to construct a high efficient Pdx1/insulin dual-reporter vector, puromycin resistance gene was firstly introduced into pTiger vector, and then the original 410 bp mouse Ins1 promoter of the vector was replaced by 646 bp mouse Ins1 promoter. Finally, the dual-reporter vector was transduced into INS-1 and human induced pluripotent stem cells to testify its function. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The high efficient Pdx1/insulin dual-reporter vector was constructed successfully. The vector successfully acquired puromycin resistance gene and high gene expression efficacy of insulin in INS-1 cells. The specific gene expression pattern of Pdx1/insulin was first found in INS-1 cells. To conclude, the real-time monitoring function of Pdx1/insulin expression is preliminarily confirmed during pancreatic beta-cell differentiation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686688

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of Simvastatin on myocardial apoptosis and oxidative stress mechanism in immature rabbits with chronic heart failure.Methods Thirty-six male New Zealand big-eared immature rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups:Adriamycin(ADR) ± Simvastatin group(ADR-s group,n =12),in which ADR(1.5 mg/kg) received injection via the auricular vein of rabbits weekly,and the rabbits received oral Simvastatin [1.5 mg/(kg · d)] simultaneously for 12 weeks;ADR group (n =12),in which the rabbits received ADR like ADR-S group,and 9 g/L saline instead of Simvastatin;control group (CON group,n =12),which received the same amount of 9 g/L saline.Echocardiography examination was performed in 13th week.Myocardial fibrosis degree was detected by using MASSON staining,and the myocardial apoptosis was detected by using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling.Colorimetric method was used to detect the myocardial concentration superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA).Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect serum B-type brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level.Results (1) In CON group,the immature rabbits were all alive.Four rabbits died in ADR group,and the survival rate was 66.7%,while 2 rabbits died in ADR-s group,and the survival rate was 83.3%.(2)Compared with CON group,the left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDd) and left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVESd) in ADR-s group and ADR group increased [(11.90 ±1.09) mm,(ll.34 ±0.92) mm vs.(10.73 ±0.48) mm;(9.80 ±0.88) mm,(8.47 ± 1.23) mm vs.(7.31 ±0.36) mm];left ventricular fractional shortening(LVFS) and left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) decreased [(17.65 ± 1.70)%,(22.58 ± 2.19)% vs.(31.79 ± 2.58) %;(41.35 ± 3.19) %,(49.17 ± 3.53) % vs.(64.34 ± 3.97) %],and all the differences were significant(all P < 0.05);LVEDd and LVESd in ADR-s group were lower than those of ADR group,while LVEF and LVFS in ADR-s group were higher than those of ADR group,and the differences were significant(all P < 0.05).(3)MASSON staining:compared with ADR group,there was less myocardial cell hyperplasia of fibrous tissue in ADR-s group.(4) Compared with CON group,the apoptosis index was higher in ADR and ADR-s group [(34.25 ±11.13) %,(24.00 ±6.85)% vs.(16.58 ± 5.34)%],but ADR-s group had less than ADR group,and the differences were significant (all P < 0.05).(5) Compared with ADR group,SOD activity of ADR-s group was higher [(13.40 ± 2.68) kU/L vs.(10.66 ± 2.99) kU/L],but MDA content was lower [(5.67 ± 1.36) μmol/mg vs.(7.08 ±0.98) μmol/mg],and the differences were significant (all P <0.05).(6) Serum BNP level in ADR group and ADR-s group was higher than that of the CON group[(33.28 ±9.58) μg/L,(26.71 ±6.72) μg/L vs.(13.56 ±2.82) μg/L],while was higher in ADR group than that of ADR-s group,and the differences were significant (all P < 0.05).Conclusions Simvastatin can protect cardiac function of immature rabbits with chronic heart failure.The possible mechanism may be the up-regulation of myocardial SOD activity,reduction of cell lipid peroxidation and inhibition of myocardial apoptosis.

11.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1433-1435, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621151

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of the combination therapy of sitagliptin and irbesartan in the treatment of early diabetic nephropathy.Methods: Totally 49 cases of initial diagnosed diabetic nephropathy were randomly divided into the observation group (25 cases) and the control group (24 cases).On the basis of diabetic diet, health education and regular hypoglycemic drugs, the control group was treated with irbesartan tablets, 150 mg, po , qd, and on the basis of the control group, the observation group was treated with sitagliptin tablets 100mg, po , qd.All the patients were treated for 3 months.The fasting blood glucose (FBG), postprandial blood glucose (PBG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), urinary microalbumin (mAlb) and body massindex(BMI) were compared between the groups before and after the treatment.Results: After the treatment, FBG, PBG, HbA1c, SBP, DBP and mAlb in the observation group were significantly lower than those before the treatment (P<0.05).Hypoglycemia occntrredin in one patient in the observation group.There were no significant changes in FBG, PBG and HbA1c in the control group (P>0.05), and SBP, DBP and mAlb decreased significantly (P<0.05).After the treatment, the decrease of FBG, PBG, HbA1c and mAlb in the observation group was more significant than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).The decrease of blood pressure between the groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05).Hypoglycemia occnrredin in one patient in the observation group.There was no significant difference in BMI between the groups and before and after the treatment (P>0.05).There was no significant difference in the incidence of hypoglycemia between the groups after the treatment (P>0.05).Conclusion: The combination of sitagliptin and irbesartan in the treatment of early diabetic nephropathy can effectively decrease blood glucose, reduce mAlb excretion and delay the progression of nephropathy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620590

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of gastric capsule combined with psychological intervention on immune function and quality of life in patients with advanced gastric cancer.Methods A total of 130 patients with advanced gastric cancer were enrolled in this studyfrom July 2014 to August 2016 in our hospital,andrandomly divided into two groups.Twogroups were treated with chemotherapy,andobservation group was treated anotherwithWeinaian capsule.The immune indexes, quality of life and side effects of the 2 groups before and after chemotherapy were compared and analyzed.Results After chemotherapy,CD4+、CD8+、CD4+/CD8+、CD3+ and NKlevel of observation group were better than that of control group(all P<0.05).After chemotherapy,SF-36 score of physical function, health status, vitality, emotional and mental health scores of observation group werebetter than that of control group(all P<0.05).During chemotherapy,proportion of gastrointestinal reaction and liver and kidney injury of observation group were 35.38% and 21.54%,lower than that of control group 63.08% and 40.00%(all P<0.05).Conclusion Weinaian capsule can improve immunologic function of advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy and reduce adverse reactions,so as to improve the quality of life of patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616472

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of standardized pain management on old patients with hip fracture. Methods From January, 2015 to June, 2016, 75 old patients (more than 58 years old) with hip fracture were randomly divided into control group (n=37) and observa-tion group (n=38). The control group accepted routine pain management, while the observation group accepted standardized pain manage-ment. They were assessed with Visual Analogue Score (VAS) of the most intensive pain, and their scores for satisfaction were compared. Re-sults There was no significant difference in VAS between two groups before operation (Z=0.845, P>0.05). The VAS was significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group postoperatively (Z=5.427, P<0.001). The scores of satisfaction was more in the observa-tion group than in the control group (t=21.346, P<0.001). Conclusion Standardized pain management can significantly reduce perioperative pain in old patients after hip fracture surgery, and improve the satisfaction.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498549

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the molecular characteristics of human pathogenic avian influenza A H7N9 virus.Methods The gene sequences of avian influenza A H7N9 virus (30 human-originated and 15 avian-originated) isolated in Zhejiang province from 2013 to 2015 were downloaded from Global Initiative on Sharing Avian Influenza Data ( GISAID), and then the evolution characteristics, the sites related to receptor binding, virulence and drug resistance of H7N9 virus were analyzed by MEGA 6.0 software. Results There were minor differences in HA and NA genes between human H7N9 virus strains and poultry reference strains in Zhejiang province with the homology of 98.0%-100.0% and 97.4%-100.0%, respectively.Viral amino acid variation showed that 30 representative strains had mutations at 226 (Q226L/I) and 186(G186V) sites in HA protein, and all strains isolated from 2015 had A134V mutation;one strain had R294K mutation in NA gene;19 strains had E627K mutation in PB2 and 2 strains had D701N mutation;mutation S31N was found in M2 gene in all isolates; and all HA cleavage sites were PEIPKGR↓GLF, indicating low pathogenic strain.Conclusions The homology of HA and NA genes is high between poultry reference strains and human H7N9 virus strains in Zhejiang province during 2013 and 2015.Strains have some significant mutations of amino acid in HA and NA protein.All isolates show ion channel inhibitors ( Amantadine) resistance, and some isolates show resistance mutations with neuraminidase inhibitors.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495113

ABSTRACT

Objective:The implementation of a multidisciplinary team (MDT) approach for palliative treatment of patients with multi-ple primary carcinomas (MPCs) was evaluated in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital. Methods:A total of 40 pa-tients with MPCs who attended the consultation by MDT in our hospital from January 1, 2014 to April 21, 2016 were analyzed retro-spectively. Clinical data of the 40 cancer patients were reviewed. The essential characteristics and results of MDT treatment decisions were summarized and expected outcomes were evaluated. Results:A total of 40 cases with MPCs were included in MDT assessment, accounting for 6.4%of the 629 patients who were handled by the MDT. A total of 39 MDT decisions were followed up successfully. Among these MDT decisions, 26 (65%) were fully implemented, 7 (17.5%) were partially implemented, and 6 (15.0%) were unimple-mented. Expected outcomes were achieved in 25 (96.2%) patients of the fully implemented concordant group, 4 (57.1%) patients of the partially concordant group, and 1 (16.7%) patient from the unimplemented group. Conclusion:MDT specializing on palliative treat-ment can provide recommendations for standardized individualized comprehensive treatment of patients with MPCs. MDT modality should be further improved and widely used for palliative treatment.

16.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1062-1064, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490964

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide reference for exploring the senile chronic disease health management new model by apply‐ing the chronic disease health management model into the practice of home‐based care service center in community .Methods The chronic disease health management team was established and the management platform of home‐based care service centers in com‐munity was applied to implement the chronic disease health management service .The senile chronic disease management and service situation were compared between before and after implementing chronic disease health management ,and the difference of service be‐tween the home‐based care service center and community health service center after implementing the chronic disease health man‐agement was compared as well .Results The service content implementation in the home‐based care service center was significantly improved after senile chronic disease health management (P<0 .01) ,and the chronic disease management satisfaction was increased by 39 .66% .Meanwhile ,the management rate and control rate of chronic diseases in the community home‐based care service center were superior to those in the community health service center (P<0 .01) .Conclusion Applying the chronic disease health manage‐ment model into the platform of the home‐based care service center can provide more comprehensive ,specific and efficient chronic disease health management service ,w hich provides a new model of senile chronic disease management application .

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747860

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correlated factors of cervical lymphatic metastasis of T3 and T4 glottic carcinoma.@*METHOD@#We did a retrospective analysis of 91 glottic carcinoma patients' clinical data to analyze cervical lymph node metastasis on different T stage, pathologic degree and the tumor sites.@*RESULT@#The cervical lymph node metastasis rate of 91 cases of T3 and T4 glottic carcinoma was 21.98%. T3 group's metastasis rate was 18.06% (13/72), T4 group's metastasis rate was 36.84% (7/19), P > 0.05. Grouped according to the degree of pathological differentiation, well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma metastasis rate is 13.89% (5/36), middle-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma metastasis rate is 26.00% (13/50), and poorly-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma metastasis rate is 40.00% (2/5), P > 0.05. Cervical lymph node metastasis rate was 16.22%, when the tumor invading supraglottic region. Cervical lymph node metastasis rate was 15.38%, when the tumor invading subraglottic region. Cervical lymph node metastasis rate was 46.15%, when the tumor invading supraglottic and subraglottic region (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Cervical lymph node metastasis in cN0 patient with supraglottic carcinoma is effected by T classification, cervical lymphatic metastasis of T3 and T4 glottic carcinoma is not entirely effected by T stage and pathologic degree. When the tumor invades supraglottic and subraglottic region, cervical lymph node metastasis is significantly higher. Therefore, the area of tumor invasion is an important factor for lymph node metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Pathology , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Lymphatic Vessels , Neck , Neck Dissection , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448052

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between the polymorphism of interleukin-12B (IL-12B)gene and coronary heart disease.Methods We recruited 256 patients with coronary heart disease admitted to our department as the study group and 256 normal subjects as the control group.The polymorphism of IL-12B gene was detected by polymerase chain reaction and single nucleotide polymorphism.Coronary artery stenosis,visfatin,high sensitive C reactive protein and cardiac function were determined.Results The difference in rs15677380 and rs14050311 allele frequencies between the study group and the control group was significant (χ2 =6.19,7.24,P=0.045,0.021).The G allele of rs15677380 and C allele of rs14050311 were risk factors for coronary heart disease (OR=1.32,1.49).Conclusion IL-12B gene is associated with the occurrence and development of carotid atherosclerosis and participates in the development of coronary heart disease.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444198

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the situation of implementation of community home endowment nursing services in Yancheng City to provide basis for developing nursing services for the elderly.Methods Survey was conducted for the 255 elderly in 15 aged-service stations.We used the multistage random sampling by questionnaire and interview.Results There was difference in the need of community home endowment service,the situation of implementation,and in the service evaluation.Conclusions Nursing service for old people in community home endowment is still developing in elementary step.We should establish the normative and exercisable quality specifications and evaluation systems of nursing service for old people,in order to assure quality of nursing service.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598564

ABSTRACT

[Objective] Analyze six differences between TCM and western medicine, which are raised by professor Chen Yi, in order to return the origin of TCM and cal on inheritance. [Methods] This article summarizes insightful views on the inheritance, development and innovation of TCM by professor Chen Yi from fol owing six differences between TCM and western medicine, as theory, thinking, culture, therapy, medication and disease cognition. [Re-sults] TCM, whose theory is based on principle, uses macro-control thinking, roots in Chinese culture, pays attention to syndrome differentiation, chooses one formula for one TCM type, masters herbs by drug properties theory and regards the healthy standard as harmony. While, western medicine, whose theory is based on reality, adopts the micro causal thinking, establishes on western culture, pays attention to disease diagnosing, uses one drug to treat one kind of disease, il ustrates western medicine by molecular formula and copes with causes or lesions of diseases. [Conclusion] Professor Chen Yi analyzes the six differences between TCM and western medicine and emphasizes TCM should be developed and innovated on the basis of inheritance, which is ful of enlightenment in methodology.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL