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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 151-155, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993298

ABSTRACT

Cholangiocarcinoma is the second most common malignant tumor in primary liver tumors, which has high malignant degree and poor prognosis. At present, there is no satisfactory and effective treatment method. Exosomes from various cells carry a variety of substances and act on the receptor cells, transmitting biological messages between different cells to regulate a variety of physiological and pathological changes. Exosomes can affect the tumor microenvironment and further mediate the tumorigenesis and progression of tumors via multiple approaches. Increasing studies have demonstrated that the non-coding RNA (ncRNAs) carried by tumor-derived exosomes is involved in regulating the occurrence, development and metastasis of cholangiocarcinoma. Combined with the current research progress, this article summarizes the role, diagnosis and treatment value of exosome ncRNAs in cholangiocarcinoma, so as to provide references for follow-up research.

2.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 412-420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991154

ABSTRACT

Exhaled ammonia(NH3)is an essential noninvasive biomarker for disease diagnosis.In this study,an acetone-modifier positive photoionization ion mobility spectrometry(AM-PIMS)method was developed for accurate qualitative and quantitative analysis of exhaled NH3 with high selectivity and sensitivity.Acetone was introduced into the drift tube along with the drift gas as a modifier,and the characteristic NH3 product ion peak of(C3H6O)4NH4+(K0=1.45 cm2/V·s)was obtained through the ion-molecule reaction with acetone reactant ions(C3H6O)2H+(K0=1.87 cm2/V·s),which significantly increased the peak-to-peak resolution and improved the accuracy of exhaled NH3 qualitative identification.Moreover,the interference of high humidity and the memory effect of NH3 molecules were significantly reduced via online dilution and purging sampling,thus realizing breath-by-breath measurement.As a result,a wide quantitative range of 5.87-140.92 μmol/L with a response time of 40 ms was achieved,and the exhaled NH3 profile could be synchronized with the concentration curve of exhaled CO2.Finally,the analytical capacity of AM-PIMS was demonstrated by measuring the exhaled NH3 of healthy subjects,demon-strating its great potential for clinical disease diagnosis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 157-165, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973757

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the feasibility of applying electronic nose technology to rapidly identify Bletillae Rhizoma and its approximate decoction pieces. MethodA total of 134 batches of Bletillae Rhizoma and its approximate decoction pieces, including 45 batches of Bletillae Rhizoma, 30 batches of Gastrodiae Rhizoma, 30 batches of Polygonati Odorati Rhizoma and 29 batches of Bletillae Ochraceae Rhizoma, were collected as test samples. The olfactory sensory data of the samples were collected by PEN3 electronic nose as the independent variable(X). Based on the identification results of the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia and local standards, as well as the high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprint and original purchase information of 134 batches of the decoction pieces, the benchmark data Y of the identification model were obtained, and four chemometric methods of principal component analysis-discriminant analysis(PCA-DA), partial least squares-discriminant analysis(PLS-DA), least square-support vector machine(LS-SVM) and K-nearest neighbor(KNN) were used to establish the binary identification model for 45 batches of Bletillae Rhizoma and 89 batches of non-Bletillae Rhizoma and the quadratic identification model of the four kinds of decoction pieces, that is, Y=F(X). ResultAfter leave-one-out cross validation, the positive discrimination rates of the above four models were 97.01%, 97.01%, 98.51% and 97.01% in the binary identification, and 97.76%, 89.55%, 98.51% and 97.01% in the quadratic identification, respectively. The highest positive discrimination rate could reach 98.51% for the binary and quadratic identification models, and LS-SVM algorithm is both the optimal one, the most suitable kernel functions were chosen as radial basis function and linear kernel function, respectively. The optimal models discriminated well with no unclassified samples. ConclusionElectronic nose technology can accurately and rapidly identify Bletillae Rhizoma and its approximate decoction pieces, which can provide new ideas and methods for rapid quality evaluation of other decoction pieces.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 691-699, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987120

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the risk factors of new-onset hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) in kidney transplant recipients. Methods Clinical data of 149 kidney transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. According to serum triglyceride (TG) level after operation, they were divided into the non-HTG group (TG≤1.7 mmol/L, n=60) and new-onset HTG group (TG>1.7 mmol/L, n=89). Baseline data of all recipients were compared between two groups. The risk factors of HTG in kidney transplant recipients were analyzed by generalized estimating equation (GEE), and validated by multiple regression equations. Results No significant differences were observed in baseline data between two groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the incidence of HTG in the middle and high tacrolimus (Tac) concentration groups was higher than that in the low Tac concentration group [odds ratio (OR) 3.11, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.22-7.93, P=0.018 in the middle Tac concentration group; OR 5.11, 95%CI 1.31-19.98, P=0.019 in the high Tac concentration group]. Compared with type-A blood recipients, the risk of new-onset HTG was significantly increased in type-O blood counterparts (OR 2.77, 95%CI 1.14-6.71, P=0.024). The risk of new-onset HTG was decreased along with the increase of preoperative globulin level (OR 0.93, 95%CI 0.87-0.99, P=0.043). At postoperative 3 months, Tac blood concentration in the new-onset HTG group was significantly higher compared with that in the non-HTG group, and significant difference was observed (P<0.05). Multiple regression equations confirmed that the risk of new-onset HTG in type-O blood kidney transplant recipients was higher than that in type-A blood counterparts, and the risk of new-onset HTG in the middle and high Tac concentration groups was higher than that in the low Tac concentration group (all P<0.05). Conclusions Type-O blood kidney transplant recipients are more prone to HTG. It is necessary to strengthen postoperative monitoring and control of blood lipids. The blood concentration of Tac probably affects the new-onset HTG in kidney transplant recipients. Maintaining an appropriate blood concentration of Tac may be beneficial to lowering the risk of HTG.

5.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 385-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995566

ABSTRACT

The end of the COVID-19 infection peak in 2022 prompts a backlog of cardiovascular surgical patients to gradually return to the hospital, resulting in a surge in cardiovascular surgeries. However, against the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic, the clinical practice of cardiovascular surgery faces many problems. Therefore, organized by Beijing Anzhen Hospital, experts in cardiovascular surgery and related fields have formulated hospital expert experience on perioperative treatment principles of cardiovascular surgery for patients infected with COVID-19. This article summarizes the clinical decision-making of patients requiring cardiovascular surgery after COVID-19 infection, and advises on the corresponding recommendations according to the existing evidence-based medical evidence as well as the actual clinical practice experience of relevant experts. The main content of the article includes special requirements for cardiovascular surgical treatment indications in patients with COVID-19 infection, selection of surgical timing, special requirements of preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative management, etc., which aims to provide COVID-19-infected patients with guidance on rational decision-making when receiving cardiovascular surgery.

6.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 223-227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995549

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognosis of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting combined(OPCABG) with coronary endarterectomy(CE) treating the diffuse coronary artery disease.Methods:From January 2012 to December 2014, the clinical data of 2 496 OPCABG patients in our department were retrospectively analyzed, and they were divided into OPCABG group and OPCABG+ CE group. After 1∶1 matching via the propensity score matching method, the perioperative prognosis, long-term survival and adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events(MACCE) were compared between the two groups.Results:A total of 238 pairs of patients were included after propensity score matching. The incidence of postoperative AMI in the OPCABG+ CE group was significantly higher than that in the OPCABG group(5.04% vs. 1.68%, P=0.042). With an average follow-up of 7.3 years, there was no significant difference in the cumulative survival rate(92.44% vs. 88.65%, P=0.159) and long-term MACCE(10.92% vs. 15.13%, P=0.173) between the two groups. Compared with the OPCABG group, the recurrence of angina pectoris(CCS grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ) in the OPCABG+ CE group increased significantly(20.16% vs. 12.60%, P=0.026). Conclusion:The risk of early AMI and long-term angina recurrence after OPCABG+ CE is significantly increased, but the long-term survival and MACCE of OPCABG+ CE and OPCABG are comparable.

7.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 148-152, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995541

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of aspirin combined with atorvastatin in the prevention of new onset atrial fibrillation after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG).Methods:208 patients with coronary artery bypass grafting in our hospital from June 2019 to June 2021 were selected as the research subjects and divided by a random number table method into groups. The control group (104 cases) was treated with aspirin before operation, and the observation group (104 cases) was treated with aspirin and atorvastatin before operation. ECG monitoring was carried out continuously for 7 days of patients in the two groups, and the occurrence and duration of AF were recorded. The clinical therapeutic efficacy, incidence and adverse reactions of AF, left atrial diameter and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level were observed before and after treatment.Results:The incidence of AF in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was no statistical significant difference in the starting time of AF between the two groups after operation ( P>0.05). The duration of AF in the observation group was better than that in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Before treatment, there was no statistical significant difference in left atrial diameter and hs-CRP level between the two groups ( P>0.05). After treatment, the left atrial diameter in the observation group returned to that before treatment, and there was no statistical significant difference in the same group ( P>0.05). The left atrial diameter in the control group was higher than that before treatment, and there was statistical significant difference in the same group ( P<0.05). The level of hs-CRP was lower than that in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). There were no adverse reactions in both groups. Conclusion:Aspirin combined with atorvastatin has a significant effect in preventing new onset AF after OPCABG. It can reduce the incidence of postoperative AF, shorten the duration of AF, effectively control the inner diameter of left atrium, reduce the degree of postoperative inflammatory reaction, and has no adverse effects. It is worthy of clinical application.

8.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 92-95, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995533

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the early effect of water sac blocking and Heartstring for proximal anastomosis of the calcific ascending aorta.Methods:The data of 400 consecutive patients undergoing elective off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting(OPCABG) in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2022 to June 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. 46 patients with calcific ascending aorta including 40 males and 6 females, with the age ranged from 53 to 73 years and an average of(65.2±5.1) years, who were revealed by preoperative chest CT scan and intraoperative palpation. According to the method of proximal anastomosis, the patients were divided into 2 groups: water sac blocking group(n=19) and Heartstring group(n=27). The effect of preventing postoperative stroke was compared by counting the incidence of postoperative stroke. The efficacy of the 2 methods was compared by detecting the flow and pulsatility fraction of the saphenous vein trunk during surgery, observing the dynamic changes of the electrocardiogram and cTnI level within 48h after the surgery, and reviewing the coronary CTA 3 months after discharge.Results:There was no perioperative death, and all the patients were discharged 4-13 days postoperatively. No adverse events such as stroke and malignant ventricular arrhythmia occurred during perioperative period. 1 patient in each group developed low cardiac output syndrome postoperatively, and both improved after IABP placement. 1 patient in Heartstring group developed acute inferior myocardial infarction, which was improved after IABP placement. Coronary CTA 3 months after operation showed that there was no proximal anastomotic stenosis in both groups.Conclusion:There is no significant difference between the 2 proximal anastomosis methods in preventing stroke after OPCABG in patients with ascending aortic calcification. Compared with Heartstring, water sac blocking does not increase the risk of proximal anastomotic stenosis. In addition, water sac blocking does not require expensive consumables, which is especially suitable for patients with limited funds and can be generalized.

9.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 152-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994645

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status of surgery for portal hypertension to grasp current status and future development of surgery in China.Methods:This study is jointly sponsored by China Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Specialist Alliance & Portal Hypertension Alliance in China (CHESS).Comprehensive surveying is conducted for basic domestic situations of surgery for portal hypertension, including case load, surgical approaches, management of postoperative complications, primary effects, existing confusion and obstacles, liver transplantation(LT), laparoscopic procedures and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt(TIPS), etc.Results:A total of 8 512 cases of portal hypertension surgery are performed at 378 hospitals nationwide in 2021.Splenectomy plus devascularization predominated(53.0%)and laparoscopy accounted for 76.1%.Primary goal is preventing rebleeding(67.0%) and 72.8% of hospitals used preventive anticoagulants after conventional surgery.And 80.7% of teams believe that the formation of postoperative portal vein thrombosis is a surgical dilemma and 65.3% of hospitals practiced both laparoscopy and TIPS.The major reasons for patients with portal hypertension not receiving LT are due to a lack of qualifications for LT(69.3%)and economic factors(69.0%).Conclusions:Surgery is an integral part of management of portal hypertension in China.However, it is imperative to further standardize the grasp of surgical indications, the handling of surgical operation and the management of postoperative complications.Moreover, prospective, multi-center randomized controlled clinical studies should be performed.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 686-688, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994517

ABSTRACT

Skin microbiota is associated with various skin diseases. Scalp hair follicles penetrate deeply into the skin, and carry complex microbial communities distinct from those on the skin surface. Local imbalance of microbial communities may impair the skin barrier function, leading to a variety of hair and scalp diseases. This review discusses changes in microbial diversity and colonization by specific microorganisms in various hair diseases, including dandruff, folliculitis decalvans, etc., and provides new ideas for exploring the pathogenesis of and therapeutic strategies for various hair and scalp diseases.

11.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 292-295, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the early effect of different antithrombotic therapy in patients with coronary endarterectomy(CE) combined with off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting(OPCABG).Methods:Between January and December 2021, 154 consecutive patients including 120 males and 34 females with the age ranged from 39 to 78 years and an average of(62.6±7.2) years who underwent CE+ OPCABG were evaluated retrospectively. According to the postoperative anticoagulant therapy, patients were divided into two groups: Aspirin+ low molecular weight heparin group(n=81, LMWH group) and Aspirin+ ticagrelor group(n=73, ticagrelor group). The data of both preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin level and blood transfusion after the surgery were collected. The dynamic changes of electrocardiogram and cTnI level were observed within 48 h after the surgery.Results:There was no perioperative death, and all the patients were discharged 5-13 days postoperatively. After the initiation of anticoagulant therapy, the lowest hemoglobin value in the LMWH group and ticagrelor group was(88.3±14.6)g/L vs.(89.5±11.6)g/L( P>0.05), blood transfusion was performed in 8 vs. 5 patients with hemoglobin below 70g/L( P>0.05), peak cTnI within 48 h of surgery was 850.55(410.63, 1 662.63)pg/ml vs. 1 184.60(667.50, 3 169.63)pg/ml( P<0.05), the number of patients with perioperative myocardial infraction within 48h after the surgery confirmed by electrocardiogram was 2(2.5%) vs.2(2.5%), P>0.05. Conclusion:There was no significant difference between the two anticoagulant treatments in preventing perioperative myocardial infarction after CE+ OPCABG surgery. LMWH did not increase the risk of postoperative bleeding compared with ticagrelor. In addition, aspirin+ LMWH reduced the levels of peak TnI within 48 h of surgery, which may be associated with better long-term postoperative outcomes, but further research is needed to confirm this.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1220-1224, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of task-driven teaching method combined with Sandwich teaching method in the standardized residency training of oral general practitioners.Methods:A total of 40 trainees of the standardized residency training of the Teaching and Research Section of Oral General Practice in Chongqing Medical University were randomly divided into experimental group and control group. The experimental group ( n=20) adopted task-driven teaching method combined Sandwich teaching method, and the control group ( n=20) adopted the traditional teaching method. The theory assessment, skills assessment and the teaching satisfaction questionnaire survey were conducted to evaluate the teaching effects. SPSS 19.0 software was used for t-test. Results:The theoretical test scores of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group [(85.85±25.61) points vs. (74.35±10.53) points], and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=8.56, P < 0.001). The skill test scores of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group [(86.50±18.20) points vs. (73.40±16.57) points], and the difference was statistically significant ( t=9.94, P<0.001). The results of the teaching satisfaction questionnaire showed that the experimental group had significantly higher scores than control group in such seven aspects as improving students autonomous learning ability and interest in learning, teamwork and interpersonal relationships, diagnostic ability of cases and the accuracy, doctor-patient expression and communication ability, ability to find and solve problems, stimulating interest in scientific research and teaching, mastering and understanding the oral theoretical knowledge and so on ( t=10.40, 10.40, 9.95, 5.43, 7.66, 8.08, 9.60, respectively, all P<0.001). Task-driven teaching combined with Sandwich teaching method stimulated the learning interest of trainees and improved their comprehensive ability. Conclusion:Task-driven teaching combined with Sandwich teaching method has greatly improved the teaching effect of standardized residency training of oral general practitioners.

13.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 751-756, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995518

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of preoperative left atrial diameter in postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and its influencing factors.Methods:This study was a prospective observational study. A total of 113 patients with CABG surgery were enrolled in Beijing Anzhen Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2020 to December 2020. Preoperative coronary angiography, echocardiography and blood test were finished. The number of graft vessel was counted during the operation. The occurrence of POAF was confirmed by electrocardiogram or electrocardiograph monitoring after surgery. The preoperative baseline data, blood test, perioperative complications and other indicators of patients with or without POAF were compared.Results:According to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, 90 patients undergoing CABG were enrolled in the study[71 males and 19 females, aged from 42 to 75, mean age (62±8)years old]. The incidence of POAF was 27.8%(25 cases). The left atrial diameter[40(36-43)mm vs. 35(33-37)mm, P=0.00]and troponin I[4.76(0.87-13.60)ng/ml vs. 1.48(0.56-4.52)ng/ml, P=0.04] in patients with POAF were significantly higher than that in patients without POAF. Compared to patients without POAF, POAF significantly increased the incidence of stroke[4(16%) vs. 0(0), P=0.01], ICU stay[67(24-96) days vs. 22(19-41) days, P=0.00] and hospital stay[21(19-24) days vs. 16(14-24) days, P=0.05]. Binary logistic regression showed that left atrial diameter was significantly correlated with the occurrence of POAF ( OR=1.9, 95% CI: 1.39-2.79, P<0.001). ROC curve analysis showed that 40 mm of left atrial diameter was a predictor of POAF( AUC=0.82, sensitivity 52%, specificity 100%, P<0.001). Linear regression analysis showed that left atrial diameter was significantly positively correlated with hypersensitive C-reactive protein ( Beta=0.24, 95% CI: 0.00-0.26, P=0.043). Conclusion:POAF significantly increased the incidence of stroke after CABG. Preoperative left atrial diameter is an independent predictor for POAF, which is closely related to the systemic inflammatory response.

14.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 654-659, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912341

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the long-term outcome and influencing factors of laparoscopic Heller myotomy plus Dor fundoplication(LHM+ Dor) for achalasia by a single operator.Methods:Fifty-four patients who underwent LHM+ Dor consecutively from January 2011 to December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Those who had already undergone surgical or endoscopic myotomy and who were complicated with cancer were ruled out. Symptom inquiry and esophagogram were conducted both before and after surgery for assessing surgical results. Esophagoscopy, esophageal manometry and 24 h pH monitoring were performed before surgery, and the effects of these preoperative factors on the long-term outcome were analyzed.Results:All patients had dysphagia for average 6.5 years, ranging from 0.5-30.0 years. Intra-operative mucosal perforation occurred in 4(7.4%) patients, and there were no postoperative morbidity and mortality. At a median follow-up of 5.2 years, the morbidity of dysphagia decreased from 100% before surgery to 5.5% after surgery( P<0.001), Eckardt scores from 4.85±1.64 to 0.71±1.08( P=0.000). After surgery, 94.4% of patients had excellent and good relief of symptoms and good control of gastroesophageal reflux, the morbidity of heartburn being 3.7%. At 5 years after surgery, the probability of being symptoms free(Eckardt score≤1) was 91.7% in patients without preoperative night cough, compared to 54.6% in those with preoperative night cough( P=0.047). The probability was 92.3% in patients with grade Ⅰ and Ⅱ dilation of the esophagus and 79.0% in patients with grade Ⅲ and Ⅳ dilation( P=0.027). At multivariate analysis, heavier esophageal dilation was the independent predicator for poor symptom control after surgery. Conclusion:LHM+ Dor can be safely performed and durably relieve achalasia symptoms. Severe esophageal dilation before surgery is an independent predictor of a poor response to surgery.

15.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 89-97, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885800

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine whether the use of moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest in a pig model provides comparable vital organ protection outcomes to the use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.Methods:Thirteen pigs were randomly assigned to 30 minutes of hypothermic circulatory arrest without cerebral perfusion at 15℃(n=5), 25℃(n=5) and a control group(n=3). The changes in standard laboratory tests and capacity for protection against apoptosis in different vital organs were monitored with different temperatures of hypothermic circulatory arrest management in pig model to determine which temperature was optimal for hypothermic circulatory arrest.Results:There were no significant differences in the capacity for protection against apoptosis in vital organs between 2 groups( P>0.05, respectively). Compared with the moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest group, the deep hypothermic circulatory arrest group had no significant advantages in terms of the biologic parameters of any other organs( P>0.05). Conclusion:Compared with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest is a moderate technique that has similar advantages with regard to the levels of biomarkers of injury and capacity for protection against apoptosis in vital organs.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 434-437, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870669

ABSTRACT

The real-time reported data of treated patients from July 2017 to June 2019 Nanxiang Hospital of Jiading District were collected from chest pain center platform. The results showed that the average time of completing ECG examination from the first medical contact was 1.3 to 6.9 min with a median of 1.9 min (1.7, 2.2), meeting the quality control requirements (10 min); the time required to obtain troponin test results was 13.0 to 48.4 min with a median of 14.1 min (13.4, 18.1), meeting the requirements for quality control of 20 min; time from entry to transfer out of PCI patients was 19.0-100.0 min, with median 37.2 (29.3, 66.6) min, basically reaching quality control (30 min); the entering catheter chamber rate of STEMI patients was 50.0% to 100.0% with a median of 100.0% (73.3%, 100.0%), meeting the requirements of quality control (≥50%). Through the active construction, the main quality control indicators were well reached, the reported cases were basically stable, and the disease distribution was basically reasonable in the primary-level chest pain centers. Informed notification of transshipment and subsequent management of low-risk chest pain patients need to be further strengthened. It is suggested that the construction of chest pain centers should establish long-term normal working mechanism, strengthening the control of key quality control indicators, to play the important role of the regional treatment system.

17.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1565-1569, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864631

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current Kangaroo Mother Care(KMC) knowledge among registered nurses working in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in China.Methods:A convenience sample of 607 registered nurses participated in this descriptive, cross sectional exploratory study. An online self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the data, including 12 items, 3 sections (Basic knowledge, Emergency handling, Breast feeding).Results:The total score was 6.52±2.29 (the total score was 12). The 5 items, accuracy below 50%, were ①In your opinion, the optimal duration of KMC was (10.2%,62/607); ②What to do if the baby had respiratory arrest or became blue during KMC (18.8%,114/607); ③Who should implement KMC (42.5%, 258/607); ④what could we do if the baby was not gaining weight (47.3%, 287/607); ⑤How to feed the baby during KMC (47.8%, 290/607). Registered nurses with more than 10 years of working experience in NICU scored higher; junior registered nurses scored lower; registered nurses learned by individuals scored lower ( F values were 9.413, 9.862, 5.368, all P<0.01). Conclusions:The insufficiency of KMC knowledge is common among NICU registered nurses. The understanding of basic concepts of KMC should be strengthened. Stratified training should be conducted for nurses′ ability to deal with emergencies, assess the changes in infants' conditions, and knowledge of breast feeding. All registered nurses′ KMC operation should be standardized to improve the level of implementation of KMC by NICU registered nurses.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 377-384, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745067

ABSTRACT

After more than 30 years of development,the precise treatment technology of orthopedic surgical robot has changed the traditional orthopedic treatment methods and attracted worldwide attention.Orthopedic robotic navigation surgery is the result of multidisciplinary combination integrating computer,industrial automation,intelligent control,electronic information,ergonomics and medical technologies,so as to provide intelligent,minimally invasive and precise navigation technology for clinic surgery and high-quality service for patients.Throughout the development of orthopedic surgical robot at home and abroad,thanks to the progress of software design and automation technology as well as the improvement of accuracy and flexibility of manipulators,robots can perform more complex operations than existing surgical navigation technologies.This paper briefly reviews the history,navigation principles,types,clinical application and shortcomings,and the future development trend,hoping to provide reference for the research of robotic navigation surgery.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 377-384, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745065

ABSTRACT

After more than 30 years of development,the precise treatment technology of orthopedic surgical robot has changed the traditional orthopedic treatment methods and attracted worldwide attention.Orthopedic robotic navigation surgery is the result of multidisciplinary combination integrating computer,industrial automation,intelligent control,electronic information,ergonomics and medical technologies,so as to provide intelligent,minimally invasive and precise navigation technology for clinic surgery and high-quality service for patients.Throughout the development of orthopedic surgical robot at home and abroad,thanks to the progress of software design and automation technology as well as the improvement of accuracy and flexibility of manipulators,robots can perform more complex operations than existing surgical navigation technologies.This paper briefly reviews the history,navigation principles,types,clinical application and shortcomings,and the future development trend,hoping to provide reference for the research of robotic navigation surgery.

20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 581-585, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756802

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of HOXA terminal transcript antisense RNA (HOTTIP) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and to explore its effect on proliferation, invasion and migration in HepG2 cells. Methods A total of 60 cases with HCC tissues undergoing excision surgery and 60 cases of corresponding paracancerous tissues from January 2012 to June 2018 in Dandong First Hospital of Liaoning Province were collected. The expressions of HOTTIP in HCC tissues and paracancerous tissues were detected by using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and the relationship between the expression and clinicopathological features was analyzed. HepG2 cell line with high expression of HOTTIP constructed by cell transfer technique was treated as the experimental group, and the empty plasmid pcDNA3.1-NC was treated as the control group. The effect of HOTTIP on the proliferation of HepG2 cells was detected by using CCK-8 method, and the effect of HOTTIP on invasion and migration of HepG2 cells was detected by using Transwell assay. Results The expression of HOTTIP mRNA in HCC tissues was higher than that in paracancerous tissues, and there was no statistically significant difference (1.9±0.6 vs. 0.9±0.7, t=6.069, P<0.01). The whole HCC cases were divided into the high expression group (30 cases) and the low expression group (30 cases) according to the median value (1.92) of the expression of HOTTIP mRNA. The expression of HOTTIP was related with TNM stage, differentiation degree and lymph node metastasis (χ2 values were 10.800, 8.076, 5.711, all P<0.05), but not with age, gender, tumor diameter, number of tumors, hepatitis and alpha fetoprotein (AFP) levels (all P>0.05). The results of RT-qPCR showed that the expression of HOTTIP mRNA in HepG2 cells was increased after transfection of overexpressed HOTTIP and the differences was statistically significant compared with the control group (63±6 vs. 13±9, t=9.129, P<0.01). The results of CCK-8 method showed that the proliferation activity of cells was enhanced after the overexpression of HOTTIP in HepG2 cells (24 h, 36 h, 72 h at 490 nm absorbance was 1.497 ± 0.017 vs. 0.826 ±0.006, 2.002 ±0.025 vs. 1.211 ±0.020, 3.257 ±0.042 vs. 1.772 ±0.021), and the differences were statistically significant (t values were 5.321, 7.349, 8.793, all P < 0.01). In Transwell invasion assay, the number of cells transferred into the basement membrane in the experimental group was more than that in the control group (101 ±9 vs. 41 ±11), and the difference was statistically significant (t= 6.839, P< 0.01). In Transwell migration assay, the number of cells transferred into the basement membrane in the experimental group was more than that in the control group (112 ±9 vs. 53 ±11), and the difference was statistically significant (t=7.105, P<0.01). Conclusion The expression of HOTTIP in HCC tissues is up-regulated, and the overexpression of HOTTIP can promote the proliferation, invasion and migration of HCC cells.

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