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1.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 295-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995730

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the morphological characteristic of bone marrow and peripheral blood in patients diagnosed with de novo acute leukemia.Methods:From October 1, 2015 to December 31, 2021, 1151 patients aged 47 (26, 62) years, consisting of 602 males and 549 females with newly diagnosed acute leukemia in the Department of Hematology, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, were collected to preform the morphological analysis in bone marrow and peripheral blood smears. Based on the comprehensive diagnosis results of morphology, immunology, cytogenetics, and molecular biology, comparison between acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), AML with RUNX1-RUNXITI gene, AML with CBFβ/MYH11 gene, acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with PML/RARA gene, AML with NPM1 gene, the rest of the AML, Ph+ALL and Ph-ALL were performed by Chi-square test along with analysis of the differences in the ratio of wood bundle cells, pseudo-Chediak-Higashi (PCH) inclusions, cytoplasmic small particles, nuclear notches, leukemia cells with cup-like changes (cup cells); as well as the differences in the micromeganuclei, early immature granulocytes, plasma cells, high eosinophils and other accompanying cells and the distribution of "grape-like" aggregation. Finally, the morphological characteristics of acute leukemia cells, the appearance and arrangement of accompanying cells were summarized.Results:Between AML and ALL, there were statistically significant differences in cytoplasmic Auer bodies[(45.5%, 0%), χ 2=211.400, P<0.01], PCH inclusion bodies[(28.9%, 0%), χ 2=114.100, P<0.01], cytoplasmic fine particles[(20.7%, 2.9%), χ 2=53.798, P<0.01], nuclear notches[(0.7%, 6.1%), χ 2=30.906, P<0.01], and goblet cells[(4.9%, 0.3%), χ 2=13.495, P<0.01], micromegakaryus [(22.4%, 0.3%), χ 2=80.398, P<0.01], plasma cells[(87.6%, 10.6%), χ 2=604.241, P<0.01], hyperacidophils[(15.3%, 1.0%), χ 2=46.116, P<0.01] showed significant differences in the "grape-like" aggregation distribution. In AML with RUNX1-RUNXITI gene, the changes of vacuoles and PCH inclusion bodies are more obvious; in AML with CBFβ/MYH11 gene, the increase of hypereosinophils is more obvious; in APL with PML/RARA gene, the increase of woodbundle is more obvious. The morphology of nuclei chromatin, nucleolus, and vacuoles were also different among the groups. Comparison between Ph+ALL and Ph-ALL showed that Ph+ALL was more prone to develop early immature granulocytes and plasma cells (all P<0.05). Conclusion:There are significant differences between AML and ALL in the characteristics of leukemia cells, the regularity of accompanying cells, and the aggregation and distribution patterns. The subtypes of AML with specific genetic abnormalities have their own characteristics in the appearance of vacuoles, PCH inclusions, hypereosinophils, woodbundle cells, and goblet cells. Ph+ALL is more prone to present early immature granulocytes and plasma cells.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1261-1277, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980808

ABSTRACT

In the last decade, it has become increasingly recognized that a balanced gut microbiota plays an important role in maintaining the health of the host. Numerous clinical and preclinical studies have shown that changes in gut microbiota composition are associated with a variety of neurological diseases, e.g., Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and myasthenia gravis. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are complex and remain unclear. Behavioral phenotypes can be transmitted from humans to animals through gut microbiota transplantation, indicating that the gut microbiota may be an important regulator of neurological diseases. However, further research is required to determine whether animal-based findings can be extended to humans and to elucidate the relevant potential mechanisms by which the gut microbiota regulates neurological diseases. Such investigations may aid in the development of new microbiota-based strategies for diagnosis and treatment and improve the clinical management of neurological disorders. In this review, we describe the dysbiosis of gut microbiota and the corresponding mechanisms in common neurological diseases, and discuss the potential roles that the intestinal microbiome may play in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/physiology , Nervous System Diseases , Parkinson Disease , Microbiota , Brain
3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1955-1960, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980587

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the inhibitory effects of silymarin (SM) on glioma in vivo and in vitro and its potential mechanism. METHODS Human glioma cell line U87 cells were randomly divided into control group, SM low- concentration, SM medium-concentration and SM high-concentration groups (50, 100, 200 μg/mL), protein kinase B (Akt) activator group (SC79 20 μmol/L), high-concentration of SM combined with Akt activator group (SM 200 μg/mL+SC79 20 μmol/L). After drug treatment (except for the control group), optical density (OD) value, clone formation rate, apoptotic rate, the expressions of proliferation/apoptosis-related proteins [proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl- 2-associated X protein (Bax), caspase-3], the phosphorylation levels of Akt/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway related proteins [Akt, p38 MAPK, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2)] were detected in each group. The xenograft tumor model in nude mice was established by injecting U87 cells subcutaneously via the right armpit, and then divided into control group, SM low-dose, SM medium-dose and SM high-dose groups (25, 50, 100 mg/kg), Akt activator group (SC79 40 mg/kg), high-dose of SM combined with Akt activator group (SM 100 mg/kg+SC79 40 mg/kg), with 5 mice in each group. After drug intervention (except for the control group of nude mice), the tumor mass was weighed and the tumor volume was calculated. RESULTS Compared with control group, the OD values, clone formation rates, protein expressions of PCNA and Bcl- 2, phosphorylation levels of Akt, p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 in SM groups, tumor mass and volume in nude mice of SM groups were all decreased significantly, while the apoptosis rates, protein expressions of Bax and caspase-3 were increased significantly, in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05);the trend of changes in the above indicators in the Akt activator group was opposite (P< 0.05), and Akt activator could significantly attenuate the inhibitory effect of high-concentration/high-dose SM on glioma in vivo and in vitro (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS SM may promote the apoptosis of U87 cells, and inhibit its proliferation, clone formation and tumor growth in xenograft nude mice by inhibiting Akt/MAPK signaling pathway.

4.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 662-665, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998503

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the method of thin layer chromatography (TLC) for identification and quantitative determination of Shipi Xiaoshui gel plaster. Methods TLC was adopted to qualitatively identify astragalus radix, plantaginis semen, curcumae rhizome, cinnamomi ramulus, polyporus umbellatus and akebia quinata. UPLC-MS was used to determine the content of astragaloside Ⅳ. Results TLC spots were clear and well-separated; RSDs of precision, reproducibility and stability tests were all lower than 3%, the linear range of astragaloside Ⅳ was 2.75-33 μg/ml (r=0.999 9, n=6), and the average recovery was 100.49% (RSD=1.98%, n=6). Conclusion The established method in this study is accurate, reliable and specific, which could be used for the quality control of Shipi Xiaoshui gel plaster.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1185-1189, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956971

ABSTRACT

Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas are a relatively rare group of mature T-cell lymphomas mainly manifesting in the skin, and its common subtype is mycosis fungoides. Total skin electron irradiation is one of the important conventional treatment methods, but there are many disadvantages, such as uneven dose distribution, poor position repetition, and long treatment time, which affect the clinical efficacy and patient prognosis. With the emergence and gradual popularization of helical tomotherapy in recent years, more and more medical institutions are gradually expanding their applications in total skin irradiation due to their ability to treat ultra-long targets and achieve dose-sculpted distribution, aiming to further explore its good or bad, and confirm whether it can replace the traditional total skin electron irradiation. In this article, research progress on total skin irradiation using helical tomotherapy was reviewed, the development of treatment technology, clinical efficacy and current concerns and controversies were illustrated.

6.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 604-609, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956131

ABSTRACT

Parkinson disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disease with motor and non-motor symptoms that seriously affect the quality of life and social function of patients. The current non-invasive techniques in PD brain function studies mainly include functional magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography, which made it difficult to assess brain function under motor state or magnetoelectric treatment. As an emerging functional neuroimaging technique, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) can monitor the real movement-related cortical responses of PD patients in real time, providing a safe and non-invasive method with high ecological validity for direct monitoring of brain activity. This article presented a review of recent advances in the application of fNIRS technology in PD research, intending to provide new ideas for functional neuroimaging studies in PD. The results suggested that PD gait and balance deficits were closely associated with abnormal activation of the cerebral cortex, particularly the prefrontal cortex, involving a compensatory strategy of cortical cognitive resources for basal ganglia dysfunction. Drugs, deep brain stimulation, and other interventions could be applied to fNIRS techniques to evaluate neurorehabilitation effects and reveal the neural basis of intervention effects. This area of research is currently in its infancy, but the evidence provided supports for the translation of fNIRS into clinical practice. Future research should develop multimodal imaging techniques and in-depth studies of broad areas of the cerebral cortex to obtain more valuable findings for clinical practice.

7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 108-113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928869

ABSTRACT

To study an automatic plan(AP) method for radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery based on TiGRT system and and compare with manual plan (MP). The dosimetry parameters of 10 patients and the evaluation of scoring table were analyzed, it was found that the targets dose of AP were better than that of MP, but there was no statistical difference except for CI, The V5, V20 and V30 of affected lungs and whole lungs in AP were lower than all that in MP, the Dmean of hearts was slightly higher than that of MP, but the difference was not statistically significant, the MU of AP was increase by 16.1% compared with MP, the score of AP evaluation was increase by 6.1% compared with MP. So the AP could be programmed and automated while ensuring the quality of the plan, and can be used to design the plans for radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mastectomy, Segmental , Organs at Risk , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated
8.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 820-824, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958585

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore an assay that can concisely, rapidly, and accurately quantify the amount of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cells in the bone marrow or peripheral blood of patients after CAR-T cell immunotherapy by morphological analysis and flow cytometry assay, providing timely and accurate feedback for clinical treatment.Methods:We analyzed the CAR-T cell detection results in peripheral blood and bone marrow of 256 patients who received CAR-T cell immunotherapy in the Department of Hematology, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from August 2016 to August 2021. All 256 patients survived more than one month after CAR-T cell infusion. Among them, there were 118 patients with multiple myeloma, 68 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and 70 patients with lymphoma. The morphological characteristics, positive rate and detection rate of CAR-T cell in peripheral blood and bone marrow were analyzed by morphological methods. The positive rate and detection rate of CAR-T in peripheral blood and bone marrow were analyzed by flow cytometry protein L detection. χ 2 test was used to comprehensively analyze the difference between the detection rate of the combined analysis of the two methods and the detection rate of the single method. Results:CAR-T cells have significant morphological characteristics, and there are obvious morphological differences from normal lymphocytes. The detection rates of CAR-T cells in peripheral blood or bone marrow by morphological methods and flow cytometry were 88.28%(226/256) and 79.29% (203/256), respectively. When the two methods were combined, the detection rate of CAR-T cells can reach 99.22%, with statistically significant difference comparing to that of single method( P<0.05). Through the analysis of the detection results of peripheral blood at different time points, it was found that the average detection rates of morphology and flow cytometry in 118 patients with multiple myeloma were 9.50% and 10.23% on the 7th day, and 13.50% and 15.19% respectively on the 15th day. On the 21st day, the average detection rates of morphology and flow cytometry were 8.00% and 10.07%, respectively. The average detection rates of morphology and flow cytometry in 68 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia were 12.00% and 11.22% on the 7th day, and 21.00% and 23.10% respectively on the 15th day. On the 21st day, the average detection rates of morphology and flow cytometry were 13.50% and 10.91%, respectively. The average detection rates of morphology and flow cytometry in 70 lymphoma patients were 7.50% and 10.35% on the 7th day, and 9.00% and 10.35% respectively on the 15th day. The average detection rates of morphology and flow cytometry at 21 days were 6.50% and 5.69%, respectively. The number of CAR-T cells in samples from patients with different diseases reached a peak around the 15th day. Conclusion:The detection rate of CAR-T cells from peripheral blood or bone marrow was significantly higher with the combination of the 2 methods compared to the single method.

9.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 426-431, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907342

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical safety and efficacy of tirofiban in the treatment of hemiplegic stroke warning syndrome.Methods:Patients with hemiplegic stroke warning syndrome admitted to Jining First People's Hospital without receiving intravenous thrombolysis from January 2018 to May 2020 were enrolled retrospectively. Some patients were given tirofiban intravenous infusion for at least 24 h in acute phase, then received oral antiplatelet therapy (tirofiban group); some only received aspirin+ clopidogrel dual antiplatelet therapy (control group). The primary endpoint was muscle strength at the paralytic side and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at day 7 after onset. The secondary endpoint was the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at 3 months after onset, and ≤2 was defined as good clinical outcome. The safety endpoint was the bleeding events during treatment. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent influencing factors of clinical outcome. Results:A total of 30 patients with hemiplegic stroke warning syndrome were enrolled, including 19 (63.3%) in the tirofiban group and 11 (36.7%) in the control group. There was no significant difference in baseline clinical data between the two groups, and no drug-related bleeding complications occurred during treatment. The muscle strength at paralytic side and NIHSS score at day 7 after onset, NIHSS score at discharge and good clinical outcome rate at 3 months in the tirofiban group were significantly better than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that tirofiban was an independent protective factor for good outcome after adjusting the NIHSS score at the beginning of treatment (odds ratio 0.040, 95% confidence interval 0.040-0.449; P=0.009). Conclusions:Tirofiban is safe and effective in the treatment of patients with hemiplegic stroke warning syndrome in acute phase. It can effectively block the progress of the disease, improve the outcome of patients, and will not increase the risk of bleeding.

10.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 612-625, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900426

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Some inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients in remission suffer from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms (IBD-IBS). The pathogenesis has not yet been elucidated. The study aim is to evaluate relationships among quality of life (QOL), psychological status, and visceral sensitivity, and explore the formation mechanism of IBD-IBS. @*Methods@#Forty-seven patients with Crohn’s disease in remission, 24 ulcerative colitis in remission, 26 IBS, and 20 healthy controls were included in the study. The abdominal pain, QOL, anxiety, and depression were evaluated through questionnaires. Visceral sensitivity was measured by rectal balloon distension. The serum levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and nerve growth factor (NGF) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expressions of tryptase, 5-HT, NGF, and related receptors in colonic tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry and western blot. @*Results@#Prevalence of IBS-like symptoms in Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis patients in clinical remission was 29.8% and 50.0%, respectively. The QOL was lower, the anxiety/depression scores were higher in IBD-IBS patients than those without IBS-like symptoms. Additionally, patients with IBD-IBS existed visceral hypersensitivity. Besides, abdominal pain was associated with poor QOL, visceral hypersensitivity, anxiety, and depression in IBD-IBS patients. The number of mast cells (MCs) and expressions of 5-HT, NGF, and related receptors were higher in IBD-IBS patients than those with no such symptoms. The serum levels of 5-HT and NGF positively correlated with abdominal pain and visceral hypersensitivity. @*Conclusion@#IBD-IBS patients may have low QOL and psychological abnormalities, as wells as visceral hypersensitivity which may be related to increased 5-HT and NGF levels released from activated mast cells.

11.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 612-625, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892722

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Some inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients in remission suffer from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms (IBD-IBS). The pathogenesis has not yet been elucidated. The study aim is to evaluate relationships among quality of life (QOL), psychological status, and visceral sensitivity, and explore the formation mechanism of IBD-IBS. @*Methods@#Forty-seven patients with Crohn’s disease in remission, 24 ulcerative colitis in remission, 26 IBS, and 20 healthy controls were included in the study. The abdominal pain, QOL, anxiety, and depression were evaluated through questionnaires. Visceral sensitivity was measured by rectal balloon distension. The serum levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and nerve growth factor (NGF) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expressions of tryptase, 5-HT, NGF, and related receptors in colonic tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry and western blot. @*Results@#Prevalence of IBS-like symptoms in Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis patients in clinical remission was 29.8% and 50.0%, respectively. The QOL was lower, the anxiety/depression scores were higher in IBD-IBS patients than those without IBS-like symptoms. Additionally, patients with IBD-IBS existed visceral hypersensitivity. Besides, abdominal pain was associated with poor QOL, visceral hypersensitivity, anxiety, and depression in IBD-IBS patients. The number of mast cells (MCs) and expressions of 5-HT, NGF, and related receptors were higher in IBD-IBS patients than those with no such symptoms. The serum levels of 5-HT and NGF positively correlated with abdominal pain and visceral hypersensitivity. @*Conclusion@#IBD-IBS patients may have low QOL and psychological abnormalities, as wells as visceral hypersensitivity which may be related to increased 5-HT and NGF levels released from activated mast cells.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 183-187, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the changing characteristics and impact factors of helical tomotherapy (HT)for longitudinal dose fall-off outside the target, in order to guide the plan junction or pretreatment target and implementation efficiency in clinical.Methods:Eight patients with head and neck tumors admitted to the Department of Oncology Radiotherapy of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in December 2019 were retrospectively selected as the research objects. The planning target area and dose drop structure were outlined in the head and neck images with a thickness of 1 mm obtained by Siemens SOMATOM Definition AS positioning computerized tomography (CT). Different field widths (FW, 5.0 cm/2.5 cm/1.0 cm) and pitches (0.430/0.287/0.215) were assembled for planning with the same modulation factor (1.8), finest does calculation grid (0.195 cm ×0.195 cm) and other planning parameters were consistent. The plans were designed by different parameters, and the result was analyzed by univariate analysis.Results:The that different pitch curves coincided under the same field width by comparative analyzing, so pitchs had no effect on dose drop. The different field width curves were independent of each other, indicating that the field width had an effect on dose drop in the head and foot direction. The relationship between the longitudinal dose drop speed outside the target and the change of the field width was inversely correlated: the larger field widths meant the slower dose fall-off and the larger penumbra, while the smaller field widths meant the faster fall-off and the smaller penumbra. When the dose fall-off to 50% of the prescribed dose, the distance from the target was approximately equal to half the field widths, and the pitchs had not affect the rate of dose-drop, while the dose at different distances from the target boundary could be calculated by the fitting formulas. The field widths and pitchs had little effect on the CI and HI index of the target, relatively, the target area was best when the field width was 2.5 cm. The total beam-on time gradually decreased with the increase of the field widths and pitches.Conclusions:When segment target therapy needs to consider planning junction, execution efficiency, and controlling longitudinal dose fall-off and considered the execution, the optimal planned parameters such as field widths and pitches could be selected or the target at the junction regions could be adducted according to the longitudinal dose drop formula, so as to achieve the ideal dose distribution.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 214-219, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974147

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of CT cerebral perfusion (CTP) and the application value of nuclear magnetic resonance proton spin labeling (3D-ASL) and to conduct a comparative study. Methods Multi-slice spiral CT(MDCT) was used to study the changes of CTP in 22 patients with HAPC. Comparison of CT whole-brain perfusion technique and nuclear magnetic resonance proton spin labeling technique (3D-ASL) in hemodynamic changes of the brain in plateau polycythemia. Results With the aggravation of HAPC, CBF of cerebral cortex and white matter showed a downward trend. Except the white matter of frontal lobe and temporal lobe, the difference of HAPC among different diseases was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Along with the aggravation of, each part of the brain cortex and white matter CBV increase, white matter, and each part CBV difference had statistical significance between different condition (P < 0.05). With the aggravation of the disease, the MTT of cortex and white matter in all parts of the brain increased significantly, and the difference of MTT between different parts of the disease was statistically significant (P < 0.05). HAPC patients along with the aggravation of different level, rCBF is reduced, in addition to the parietal cortex, temporal and occipital white matter, white matter rCBF differences between different parts of different condition have statistical significance (P < 0.05). ROC curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of CTP and ASL. The two curves were close to each other, and CTP was slightly better than ASL. Conclusion With the progression of HAPC, cerebral blood flow decreased, blood volume increased, and average blood flow time prolonged in patients with different degrees of HAPC. CTP and ASL had similar effects, and the former had slightly better value.

14.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 59-72, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874558

ABSTRACT

An increasing number of studies have recently indicated the important effects of gut microbes on various functions of the central nervous system.However, the underlying mechanisms by which gut microbiota regulate brain functions and behavioral phenotypes remain largely unknown. We therefore used isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)-based quantitative proteomic analysis to obtain proteomic profiles of the hippocampus in germ-free (GF), colonized GF, and specific pathogen-free (SPF) mice. We then integrated the resulting proteomic data with previously reported mRNA microarray data, to further explore the effects of gut microbes on host brain functions. We identified that 61 proteins were upregulated and 242 proteins were downregulated in GF mice compared with SPF mice. Of these, 124 proteins were significantly restored following gut microbiota colonization. Bioinformatic analysis of these significant proteins indicated that the glucocorticoid receptor signaling pathway and inflammation-related pathways were the most enriched disrupted pathways. This study provides new insights into the pathological mechanisms of gut microbiota-regulated diseases.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 203-208, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868420

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and optimization effect of modifying the Henry Ford Hospital (HFHS) RapidPlan model for stereotactic body radiation therapy planning based on local requirements.Methods:The following changes were made based on Henry Ford Health System(HFHS) Rapid Plan Lung SBRT model, taking the latest clinical guideline evidence and local clinical practice into account: Internal gross target volume(IGTV) and organ at risk(OAR) structure, lung, were added and set corresponding parameters.The upper value of planning target volume (PTV) was adjusted from 109% to 125%. The original training library was replaced with 73 local historical simultaneous integrated boosting plans, and statistical verification and outlier cleaning of the initial trained model were performed using Model Analytics software. Totally 10 cases not included in the model library were selected for independent verification, and automatic optimization result of the models before and after modifying were compared under the same beam condition. The following dosimetric parameters were compared after target dose normalization: conformal index (CI) of target volume, the mean doses, maximum doses and dose-volume parameters of OARs.Results:The " tail" of the PTV′s DVH and the " shoulder" and " tail" of the IGTV′s DVH of model M (local) validation plan (M (local)_P) performs higher than the original model HFHS (HFHS_P). The PTV_CI (1.07±0.13) of M local_P were significantly smaller than HFHS_P (1.25±0.24) ( Z=-2.497, P<0.05). Except for Heart_ D15 cm 3 and Heart_ Dmax, most of the M local_P dosimetric parameters of OARs were lower than HFHS_P, and the standard deviation was smaller. However, the difference of between two plans was no more than 3.06%. 10 HFHS_P plans don′t satisfy dose parameters requirement, two of which PTV_CI values are 1.52 and 1.74, far beyond the clinically acceptable range. Conclusions:Commercial model HFHS could be localized by replacing training library and adjusting parameters. Moreover, plans optimized by the modified model are local clinical acceptable in the aspects of target volume conformity and hotspots, and have a better performance in terms of OAR sparing and plan consistency.

16.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 524-528, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effect and perioperative complications of the treatment of autogenous arteriovenous fistula stenosis by arterial and venous approach.Methods:The clinical data of 120 patients with AVF stenosis and occlusion who were treated with interventional therapy and met the inclusion criteria were collected and analyzed by retrospective case-control study.from September 2017 to August 2018, 60 patients with internal fistula stenosis were treated by transarterial approach (arterial approach group), and from September 2018 to may 2019, 60 patients were treated with a new surgical scheme(venous approach group). The operation success rate, perioperative complications and patency rate of 3, 6, 12 months after operation were compared between the two groups.Results:(1) The technical success rate was 96.7% (58/60) and the clinical success rate was 91.7% (55/60) in the arterial approach group, and 95.0%(57/60) and 93.3%(56/60) in the venous approach group.There was no significant difference in the technical success rate and clinical success rate between the two groups ( P=0.718 and 1.000, respectively) (2) Perioperative complications: in the arterial approach group, 3 patients had hematoma at the puncture point, 2 pseudoaneurysms and 5 thrombosis.There were 3 patients with thrombosis in the venous access group, and the difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups was statistically significant (χ 2=4.227, P=0.036). (3)The primary patency rates at 3, 6 and 12 months after operation were 95.0%(57/60), 75.0%(45/60) and 60.0%(36/60) in the arterial approach group, and 96.7%(58/60), 71.7%(43/60) and 61.7%(37/60) in the venous access group, respectively.There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups ( P=0.718, 0.749, 0.885). Conclusion:The interventional treatment for autogenous arteriovenous fistula stenosis through artery and vein approach can achieve good effect.There were many complications during the perioperative period, It is suggested that venous approach is preferred.

17.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 431-434, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867560

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect and safety of interventional treatment of autogenous arteriovenous fistula(AVF) stenosis.Methods:From July 2017 to September 2018, 96 patients with arteriovenous fistula stenosis and occlusion admitted to Handan First Hospital, Hebei Province were retrospectively analyzed.All of them were dialysis patients with chronic renal failure.All patients underwent percutaneous balloon angioplasty via the cephalic vein.The success rate of technique, clinical success rate, perioperative complications and follow-up were observed.Results:(1) Technical success rate and clinical success rate: 90 patients were treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) via the cephalic vein, the other 3 patients were treated with interventional therapy via the brachial artery, and 3 patients underwent reconstruction of internal fistula.The technical success rate was 93.8% (90/96), and the clinical success rate was 89.6% (86/96). (2) Perioperative complications: thrombosis in 4 cases, vasospasm in 3 cases.There were no serious complications such as vascular rupture, aneurysm, vascular dissection, and no perioperative death.(3) The first stage patency rate was 100% (90/90), 74.4% (67/90), 62.2% (56/90) and 46.7% (42/90) in 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after operation.Conclusion:Venipuncture can be used as the first choice for AVF stenosis interventional therapy because of its advantages of small trauma, no serious complications, no need of long-term compression at the puncture point, immediate dialysis, and avoidance of local hematoma and other complications caused by artery puncture.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 919-923, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800192

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To achieve quantitative analysis of image quality parameters and establish warning and action thresholds for the on-board imaging (OBI) system of linear accelerator.@*Methods@#The Catphan604 phantom was repeatedly scanned in the Full-Fan and Half-Fan CBCT scanning modes on a Varian EDGE linear accelerator, and the software based on Python language development in-house was utilized to analyze image quality parameters, such as CT number linearity, geometric consistency, slice thickness, spatial resolution, uniformity and low-contrast resolution. The quantitative analysis results of each image quality parameter obtained from 16 times of scanning within 16 months were normalized to the mean and the standard deviations were recorded. A run chart analysis was created to determine the warnings and action thresholds.@*Results@#The software built in-house can quantitatively analyze the image parameters of the two scanning modes of OBI system. The low-contrast resolution of Half-Fan was better than that of Full-Fan, whereas the spatial resolution of Full-Fan was superior to that of Half-Fan. One standard deviation (1σ) was set as the warning threshold and 2 standard deviations (2σ) as the action threshold, respectively. The tolerance level of Half-Fan was smaller than that of Full-Fan.@*Conclusion@#Self-developed software enables quantitative analysis of accelerator image quality parameters, establishes warning and action tolerance of quality assurance and provides guidance for image quality assurance under image-guided radiotherapy specification.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 658-662, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797655

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the dosimetric differences between TomoDirect (TD) and Helical Tomotherapy (HT) in total body irradiation (TBI), as well to evaluate the plan quality and delivery efficiency of TD.@*Methods@#Eight patients with acute leukemia at an average height of about 120 cm who had undergone TBI in the first affiliated hospital of Zhengzhou university were retrospectively reviewed and replanned with the TD and HT techniques for dosimetric comparison. Identical planning parameters were configured for both techniques except that TD plans were designed with 2-12 equally spaced odd number fields and with an initial angle of 180 or 0 degree. Dosimetric differences in mean dose of plan target volume (PTVDmean), homogeneity index (HI), dose of organs at risk (OARs), as well as delivery time were compared between the TD and HT plans.@*Results@#The TD plans with 9 fields or more had similar PTVDmeanand HI compared with HT plans, while TD plans with less than 9 fields had a significant different PTVDmean(t=-3.12, -5.41, -20.33, -4.56, -7.22, -11.27, P<0.05) and HI (t=-2.94, -5.18, -15.66, -4.31, -5.51, - 9.13, P<0.05) compared with those of HT. In terms of OARs, the TD plans with 7 fields or more had no significant dosimetric differences in the mean dose of left and right lung compared with the HT plans. The TD plans with 3 fields had significant different maximum dose in the left lens plan risk volume(PRV) (2.14±0.60) Gy and the right lens PRV (3.05±0.10) Gy (t=0.77, 0.63, P<0.05) compared with the HT plans. No significant difference in delivery time was observed. The initial angle of the TD plans had no effects on PTVDmean, HI, OAR dosimetry and delivery time.@*Conclusions@#The TD plans with 9 fields or more can achieve similar plan quality in terms of target coverage, OAR sparing and delivery time, but have an advantage in the maximum dose to lens PRV compared with the HT plans.

20.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 223-227, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743169

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of surgical thrombectomy with those of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) in treating acute lower limb ischemia (ALLI) . Methods The clinical data of 107 patients with ALLI, who underwent CDT or surgical thrombectomy at authors' hospital during the period from January 2012 to December 2017, were retrospectively analyzed. The incidence of complications, mortality, re-intervention rate and amputation rate within 30 days after operation were calculated. Cooley standard of efficacy score was used to assess the clinical curative effect of patients with grade Ⅱ of American Society of Vascular Surgeons (SVS) and International Society of Cardiovascular Surgery (ISCVS) classification of acute limb ischemia. Results A total of 107 patients with ALLI were enrolled in this study. Among them, 59 patients received CDT therapy and 48 patients received surgical thrombectomy. The technical success rate of both groups was 100%. Within 30 days after operation, the incidence of complications in CDT group and surgical thrombectomy group was 11.9% and 14.6% respectively, the mortality was 5.1% and 6.3%respectively, and the re-intervention rate was 17.0% and 22.9% respectively, all the differences were not statistically significant (P>0.05) . The amputation rate of patients with grade Ⅱ of SVS/ISCVS ischemia classification in CDT group was 8.9%, which was higher than 2.3% in surgical thrombectomy group, but the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05) . In patients with grade Ⅱ of ischemia assessed by the ca uses and Cooley curative effect standard at the time of discharge, the cure percentage of embolism-caused ALLI patients in surgical thrombectomy group was 82.5%, which was remarkably higher than 62.8% in CDT group (P <0.05) . The cure percentage of thrombosis-caused ALLI patients in CDT group was 92.3%, which was strikingly higher than 25.0% in surgical thrombectomy group (P <0.05) . The difference in the improvement of ischemia, which was assessed by the duration of ischemia and Cooley therapeutic criteria at the time of discharge, between the two groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05) . Conclusion In treating ALLI, no significant differences in curative effect, incidence of postoperative complications and mortality exist between surgical thrombectomy and CDT. The formulation of therapeutic regimen should be based on ischemia grade of SVS/ISCVS, etiology and coexisting underlying diseases.

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