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1.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 800-806, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986991

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the performance of Clear Cell Likelihood Score (ccLS) v1.0 and v2.0 in diagnosing clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) from small renal masses (SRM).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and MR images of patients with pathologically confirmed solid SRM from the First Medical Center of the Chinese PLA General Hospital between January 1, 2018, and December 31, 2021, and from Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University and Peking University First Hospital between January 1, 2019 and May 17, 2021. Six abdominal radiologists were trained for use of the ccLS algorithm and scored independently using ccLS v1.0 and ccLS v2.0. Random- effects logistic regression modeling was used to generate plot receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) to evaluate the diagnostic performance of ccLS v1.0 and ccLS v2.0 for ccRCC, and the area under curve (AUC) of these two scoring systems were compared using the DeLong's test. Weighted Kappa test was used to evaluate the interobserver agreement of the ccLS score, and differences in the weighted Kappa coefficients was compared using the Gwet consistency coefficient.@*RESULTS@#In total, 691 patients (491 males, 200 females; mean age, 54 ± 12 years) with 700 renal masses were included in this study. The pooled accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of ccLS v1.0 for diagnosing ccRCC were 77.1%, 76.8%, 77.7%, 90.2%, and 55.7%, as compared with 80.9%, 79.3%, 85.1%, 93.4%, 60.6% with ccLS v2.0, respectively. The AUC of ccLS v2.0 was significantly higher than that of ccLS v1.0 for diagnosis of ccRCC (0.897 vs 0.859; P < 0.01). The interobserver agreement did not differ significantly between ccLS v1.0 and ccLS v2.0 (0.56 vs 0.60; P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ccLS v2.0 has better performance for diagnosing ccRCC than ccLS v1.0 and can be considered for use to assist radiologists with their routine diagnostic tasks.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Kidney , Carcinoma , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnosis
2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 661-667, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992994

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and MRI features of the mixed epithelial and stromal tumor family (MESTF) of the kidney.Methods:From January 2009 to September 2021, 42 patients with pathologically-proven MESTF from the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital were collected in this retrospective study. Clinical information, MRI features, and pathological results were documented. According to the Bosniak classification (BC) version 2019, all MESTFs were divided into cystic MESTFs (36 cases) and solid-cystic MESTFs (6 cases). The R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry score (RNS), lesion size, laterality, location, margin, shape, growth pattern, presence of protruding into renal sinus, hemorrhage, and enhancement pattern were evaluated and documented. Based on BC versions 2005 and 2019, all the cystic MESTFs were assessed and divided into low (Ⅰ, Ⅱ, ⅡF) and high (Ⅲ, Ⅳ) grades. The independent sample t test or Mann-Whitney U test were performed to compare age, RNS, and lesion size between cystic MESTFs and solid-cystic MESTFs. Pearson χ 2 test, continuity-adjusted χ 2 test or Fisher exact probability test were utilized to evaluated the differences of clinical and MRI features and the distribution of low or high grades in two versions of BC. Results:Forty-two MESTFs were unilateral and solitary masses, 25 males and 17 females, with a mean age of (41±13) years old. Compared to solid-cystic MESTFs, cystic MESTFs were prone to demonstrate endophytic growth pattern (χ 2=17.77, P<0.001), and no significant differences in other clinical and MRI features were observed between cystic and solid-cystic MESTFs (all P>0.05). There were 7 low-grade and 29 high-grade tumors in the BC version 2005, respectively. Meanwhile, 24 low-grade and 12 high-grade tumors in the BC version 2019, respectively. The distribution of low or high-grade tumors in the two versions of BC had a statistically significant difference (χ 2=16.37, P<0.001). Conclusion:MESTFs demonstrated middle-age onset and no gender predilection. Cystic MESTFs are more likely to exhibit endophytic growth pattern with low-grade classification in BC system version 2019.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 528-534, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992983

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the effect of fat suppression (FS) T 2WI on the interobserver agreement and diagnostic performance of clear cell likelihood score version 2.0 (ccLS v2.0) for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Methods:In this retrospective study, the MR images of 111 patients with pathologically confirmed small renal masses (SRM) from January to December 2021 were analyzed in the First Medical Centre, Chinese PLA General Hospital. Of the 111 SRM, 82 cases were ccRCC and 29 cases were non-ccRCC. Two radiologists independently assessed ccLS scores based on T 2WI signal intensity (hypointense, isointense, hyperintense) and other MRI features (ccLS-T 2WI). After a one-month interval, the ccLS scores were independently evaluated utilizing the frequency-selective saturation FS-T 2WI and other MRI features (ccLS-FS-T 2WI). Fisher′s exact test was used to compare the difference in SRM signal intensity on T 2WI and FS-T 2WI. The weighted Kappa test was performed to assess the interobserver agreement of the two radiologists, and differences in the weighted Kappa coefficients were compared using the Gwet consistency coefficient. Receiver operating characteristic curves were drawn to evaluate the diagnostic performance of ccLS-T 2WI and ccLS-FS-T 2WI in diagnosing ccRCC, and the area under the curve (AUC) was compared utilizing the DeLong test. Results:The signal intensity of 111 SRM on T 2WI and FS-T 2WI had statistically significant difference (χ 2=126.33, P<0.001), consistent in 88 cases (79.3%) and varied in 23 cases (20.7%). The weighted Kappa coefficient of ccLS-T 2WI was 0.57 (95%CI 0.45-0.69) between the two radiologists, and the weighted Kappa coefficient of ccLS-FS-T 2WI was 0.55 (95%CI 0.42-0.67), and the difference was not statistically significant ( t=-0.65, P=0.520). The AUC of ccLS-T 2WI for ccRCC diagnosis was 0.92 (95%CI 0.86-0.97), while the AUC of ccLS-FS-T 2WI for ccRCC diagnosis was 0.91 (95%CI 0.85-0.96), and the difference was not statistically significant ( Z=1.50, P=0.133). Conclusions:The interobserver agreement and diagnostic performance of ccLS v2.0 based on T 2WI and FS-T 2WI sequences for ccRCC are comparable, and FS-T 2WI is applicable for the clinical application of ccLS v2.0.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 274-281, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992959

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of quantitative parameters of enhanced MRI in predicting the establishment of inferior vena cava collateral circulation in patients with renal cell carcinoma and inferior vena cava tumor thrombus.Methods:Sixty-seven patients with renal cell carcinoma and inferior vena cava tumor thrombus who underwent radical resection and inferior vena cava venography in First Medical Center, PLA General Hospital from May 2006 to January 2021 were included retrospectively. According to the results of inferior vena cava venography, the patients were divided into two groups: the well-established collateral circulation group ( n=41) and the poor-established collateral circulation group ( n=26). Quantitative parameters were measured on preoperative enhanced MRI images, including tumor size, the maximum diameter of bilateral lumbar veins, the length of tumor thrombus, and the long and short diameters of tumor thrombus. Student′s t test or Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between the two groups. The independent risk factors related to the establishment of collateral circulation were obtained by binary logistic regression analysis and the model was established. The receiver operating characteristic curve was employed to evaluate MRI quantitative parameters and the logistic model, and the area under the curve (AUC) was compared by the DeLong test. Results:Between the well-established collateral circulation group and the poor-established collateral circulation group, the maximum diameter of the right lumbar vein, the maximum diameter of the left lumbar vein, the length of the tumor thrombus, the long diameter of the tumor thrombus, and the short diameter of the tumor thrombus were different significantly ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the tumor size between the two groups ( t=0.30, P=0.766). The AUC of the maximum diameters of the right lumbar veins and left lumbar veins, length of tumor thrombus, long and short diameters of tumor thrombus in predicting the collateral circulation were 0.917 (95%CI 0.824-0.971), 0.869 (95%CI 0.764-0.939), 0.756 (95%CI 0.636-0.853), 0.886 (95%CI 0.785-0.951), and 0.906 (95%CI 0.809-0.963). The AUC of the maximum diameter of the right lumbar vein and the short diameter of the tumor thrombus were larger than those of the length of the tumor thrombus, and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=2.25, 2.04, P=0.025, 0.041), but the AUC between other parameters had no significant difference ( P>0.05). The maximum diameter of the right lumbar vein (OR 24.210, 95%CI 2.845-205.998), the maximum diameter of the left lumbar vein (OR 20.973, 95%CI 2.359-186.490), and the length of the tumor thrombus (OR 23.006, 95%CI 2.952-179.309) were independent risk factors for predicting the establishment of inferior vena cava collateral circulation. The AUC of logistic model was 0.969 (95%CI 0.931-1.000). Conclusion:Quantitative parameters of tumor thrombus and lumbar vein based on enhanced MRI have a good ability in predicting the establishment of inferior vena cava collateral circulation in patients with renal cell carcinoma and inferior vena cava tumor thrombus. The maximum diameter of bilateral lumbar veins and the length of the tumor thrombus were independent risk factors for inferior vena cava collateral circulation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 324-329, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933226

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of different surgical procedures of Mayo level Ⅳ inferior vena cava tumor thrombus(IVC-TT).Methods:The clinical and pathological data of 36 patients with Mayo level Ⅳ tumor thrombus were collected in three large clinical centers in China, including 18 cases in PLA General Hospital, 7 cases in Nanfang Hospital, and 11 cases in Renji Hospital. There were 25 males and 11 females.The median age was 56.5 years (53-67 years old). The average body mass index was 24.18±2.55 kg/m 2. The average diameter of renal tumors was 8.24±3.25 cm. The average length of inferior vena cava tumor thrombus was 12.89±2.50 cm. Mayo level Ⅳ tumor thrombus were divided into level Ⅳa and level Ⅳb (301 classification) based on the criterion of whether the proximal end of the thrombus has invaded the right atrium. Among them, level Ⅳa patients underwent robot-assisted inferior vena cava thrombectomy without cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB-free group, 6 cases). Level Ⅳb patients underwent robot-assisted inferior vena cava thrombectomy with cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB group, 12 cases) or cardiopulmonary bypass with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest assisted inferior vena cava thrombectomy(CPB/DHCA group, 18 cases). The baseline data of the three groups of patients were comparable. The perioperative results and long-term survival data after surgery were compared with different surgical methods for grade Ⅳcancer thrombosis. Results:All operations were successfully completed. Compared with the CPB group, the CPB-free group had a shorter first portal blocking time[17.5(15-36)min vs. 36.5(12-102)min, P=0.044], less intraoperative bleeding [2 350(1 000-3 000)ml vs. 3 500 (1 500-12 000)ml, P=0.043] and a lower allogeneic blood transfusion [1 250(500-2 000)ml vs. 2 185(700-5 800)ml, P=0.049]. Compared with the CPB/DHCA group, the CPB-free group had an advantage in reducing intraoperative allogeneic blood transfusion [1 250(500-2 000)ml vs. 2 700(1 200-10 000)ml, P=0.003]. There were no significant differences between groups in terms of duration of surgery and postoperative hospital stay. Among the 36 patients in this group, 23(64%) developed major complications (level Ⅲ or above), including 9 (25%) grade Ⅲ, 12 (33%) grade Ⅳ, and 2 (6%) grade Ⅴ. The CPB-free group had a relatively low complication rate of grade Ⅳ or above [ 17% (1/6) vs.42% (5/12) vs.44% (8/18)]. There were no statistical differences in median progression-free survival (16.4 vs.12.3 vs.18.0 months, P=0.695) and overall survival (30.1 vs.30.2 vs.37.7 months, P=0.674) between the groups. Conclusions:Robot-assisted inferior vena cava thrombectomy without cardiopulmonary bypass has the advantages of short ischemia time of organs, less intraoperative bleeding, and low incidence of major complications, which can be used as a safe and feasible surgical strategy for selected level Ⅳ tumor thrombus.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 549-555, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932538

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the MRI characteristics of surgical resected renal angiomyolipoma (AML) smaller than 4 cm.Methods:A total of 112 patients with surgical pathology confirmed renal AML of which the maximum diameter was smaller than 4 cm were analyzed retrospectively in the First Medical Centre, Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2014 to November 2020, 5 of which were epithelioid angiomyolipoma (EAML) patients. According to the presence or absence of visible fat in lesions on MRI, the lesions were divided into AML with fat group and AML without visible fat (AML wovf) group. The MRI features were evaluated, including maximum diameter, location, growth pattern, shape, beak sign, angular interface with renal parenchyma, pseudo-capsule, hemorrhage, cystic degeneration, coagulative necrosis, flowing void in the tumor, signal intensity and homogeneity on T 2WI and diffusion weighter imaging (DWI), the peak enhanced phase. The differences of maximum diameter of AML with fat and AML wovf were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U test, and the differences of MRI features were analyzed using χ 2 test or Fisher′s exact probability test. Results:There were 123 lesions found in 112 patients, and 96 lesions contained fat and 27 lesions were AML wovf. 82 lesions showed round and round-like shapes, 112 lesions showed exophytic growth pattern, 71 lesions with peak enhancement in corticomedullary phase. And the numbers of lesions with angular interface with renal parenchyma, beak sign, cystic degeneration, pseudo-capsule, hemorrhage were 30, 49, 1, 1, 1, respectively. There was no coagulative necrosis in all lesions. Compared with AML with fat, AML wovf was single lesion. The diameters of AML with fat and AML wovf were 2.5 (1.7, 3.5) and 1.8 (1.4, 2.3) cm respectively, with statistically significant difference ( Z=-2.80, P=0.005). In the AML with fat and AML wovf, 65 and 12 cases were heterogeneous in T 2WI, 44 and 5 lesions showed beak sign, 26 and 4 lesions showed angular interface with renal parenchyma, 57 and 10 cases were heterogeneous in DWI. And there were 5 and 6 lesions showed the endophytic, 44 and 8 lesions showed partly exophytic, 47 and 13 lesions showed exophytic in patterns of tumor growth respectively. The beak sign, homogeneous in T 2WI and DWI, patterns of tumor growth showed statistical differences in AML with fat and AML wovf (all P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in other features ( P>0.05). A total of 5 EAML patients were with 8 lesions. One patient had 4 lesions with fat, other patients had single lesion in which 2 lesions with fat, 2 lesions without visible fat. One lesion without visible fat showed hemorrhage. Conclusions:Surgical resected AML smaller than 4 cm is often exophytic round and round-like, enhanced in corticomedullary phase, showing angular interface with renal parenchyma and beak sign, with rare cystic degeneration, pseudo-capsule, hemorrhage and improbable coagulation necrosis. AML wovf is single smaller lesion which often shows endophytic growth pattern, and beak sign is infrequent. EAML seems to be present in two modes, multiple lesions with fat and AML wovf with hemorrhage.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 418-424, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932524

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of MR subtraction images in improving the interobserver agreement for Bosniak Ⅱ, ⅡF, and Ⅲ cystic renal masses (CRMs) with Bosniak classification version 2019.Methods:From January 2009 to August 2020, 323 patients (335 CRMs) with surgical pathology results and complete preoperative MRI examination (T 2WI, T 1WI precontrast images and enhanced MRI in corticomedullary, nephrographic, and excretory phases) were retrospectively collected in the First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital. The CRMs of Bosniak Ⅱ, ⅡF, and Ⅲ were selected and classified by 2 experienced genitourinary radiologists according to the Bosniak classification version 2019. The "Subtraction" function in the American GE ADW 4.4 workstation was used to perform subtraction images reconstruction on the enhanced images in the corticomedullary, nephrographic, and excretory phases. Blinded to pathologic information, the other 2 radiologists independently classified the enrolled CRM cases with and without subtraction MR images, respectively, with an interval of 1 month. Ultimately, by using weighted Kappa value, interobserver agreement was evaluated, and the differences in weighted Kappa value were compared using the Gwet coefficient. Results:A total of 187 patients with 187 CRMs were enrolled in the study. The results of the classification of Bosniak Ⅱ, ⅡF, and Ⅲ CRMs categorized by 2 radiologists without and with subtraction images showed that 119 and 141 cases were consistent, and 68 and 46 were inconsistent, respectively. The weighted Kappa value for interobserver agreement among two radiologists without and with subtraction MR images was 0.60 (95%CI 0.53-0.68) and 0.73 (95%CI 0.66-0.80), respectively. The interobserver agreement was higher with subtraction images than that without subtraction images ( t=-2.56, P=0.011). Conclusion:According to the MRI criteria of Bosniak classification version 2019, the interobserver agreement for Bosniak Ⅱ, ⅡF, and Ⅲ CRMs could be improved using subtraction MR images, which may facilitate the popularization and application of Bosniak classification version 2019.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1121-1128, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956768

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the test-retest reliability of MRI criteria in the 2019 Bosniak classification of cystic renal masses (CRMs) and to analyze the impact of lesions′ property, size and readers′ experience on the test-retest reliability.Methods:From January 2009 to June 2019, 207 patients with 207 CRMs were included in this retrospective study. All of them underwent renal MRI and surgical-pathologic examination. According to Bosniak classification, version 2019, all CRMs were independently classified twice by eight radiologists with different levels of experience. All radiologists were blinded to the pathology of the lesions. By using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), test-retest reliability was evaluated for all CRMs and for subgroups with different pathological properties (benign and malignant) and different sizes (≤40 mm and>40 mm). The test-retest reliability of 4 senior readers (≥10 years of experience) and 4 junior readers (<10 years of experience) were evaluated respectively. The comparison of ICC was performed using Z test. Results:The 207 CRMs included 111 benign lesions (83 benign cysts, 28 benign tumors) and 96 malignant tumors. There were 87 lesions with maximum diameter ≤40 mm and 120 with maximum diameter>40 mm. The test-retest reliability (ICC) of each reader for all lesions was 0.776-0.888, the overall ICC was 0.848 (95%CI 0.821-0.872). The ICCs of senior and junior readers were 0.853 (95%CI 0.824-0.880) and 0.843 (95%CI 0.811-0.871) respectively, without significant difference between the two groups ( Z=0.85, P=0.374). The ICC of all readers was 0.827 for benign lesions and 0.654 for malignant lesions, showing significant difference ( Z=2.80, P=0.005). The ICC was 0.770 for lesions ≤40 mm and 0.876 for lesions>40 mm, which was significantly different ( Z=-2.36, P=0.018). For CRM subgroups with different pathological properties and different sizes, there was no significant difference in test-retest reliability between senior and junior readers (all P>0.05). Conclusion:The test-retest reliability of MRI criteria in the 2019 Bosniak classification of CRMs is excellent and unaffected by readers′ experience. The reliabilities are not consistent among CRMs of different pathological properties and different sizes, but all reached the level of good and above.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 675-678, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT imaging in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients with different PSA levels. Methods:The imaging and clinical data of 50 patients with CRPC who underwent 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT examination in Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2018 to December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The average age was 72 (54-95) years old. Serum total PSA was 92.28(0.36-2000.00) ng/ml. According to the total PSA level, the patients were divided into low PSA group(total PSA ≤ 1 ng/ml, n=9), medium PSA group (1 ng/ml<total PSA ≤ 10 ng/ml, n=18) and high PSA group(total PSA>10ng/ml, n=23). According to the standardized evaluation standard of molecular imaging, the suspicious tumor lesions on 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT imaging were scored by molecular imaging PSMA(miPSMA), and the miPSMA score ≥2 was defined as positive lesions. According to the number of lesions displayed by 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT, patients were divided into oligofocal group (the number of lesions ≤3) and multiple lesions group (the number of lesions >3). The imaging characteristics of patients in different groups were summarized. Results:The 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT imaging results of 50 cases in this study were all positive, including oligofocal group (n=27) and multiple lesions group (n=23). Of the 30 patients with unresected prostate, 18 had local recurrence of the prostate, while the other 12 patients with unresected prostate and 20 patients with resected prostate had no signs of local recurrence. The oligofocal group showed local recurrence, regional lymph node metastasis or bone metastasis. Patients with multiple lesions showed multiple lymph nodes and/or bone metastasis with or without local recurrence. There were 9, 18 and 4 patients with oligofoci in low, middle and high PSA groups, respectively.There were 27 patients in the oligonucleogenous group, and 21 of the 22 patients receiving local treatment were effective. All 3 patients treated with systemic treatments were effective. PSA progressed in 2 untreated patients. In the multi-foci group of 23 patients, 6 of 9 patients treated with abiraterone were effective. Two patients treated with enzalumide were ineffective. One of the 4 patients with chemotherapy was effective. One of the two patients treated with 177 Lu-PSMA nuclide was effective. One case did not respond to treatment with 89SrCl 2. Radiotherapy failed in 2 cases. PSA progressed in 3 untreated patients. Conclusions:18F-DCFPyLPET/CT imaging has a high detection rate of lesions in patients with CRPC and has potential guiding significance for follow-up treatment. The number of lesions in CRPC patients with different PSA levels was different, and the patients with low PSA levels were mainly oligofoci.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 502-506, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and safty of robot assisted trans-diaphragmatic intropericardial inferior vena cava occlusion and thrombectomy in treatment of Ⅳa grade tumor thrombus without cardiopulmonary bypass and thoracotomy.Methods:The clinical data of 4 patients with renal cell carcinoma and Ⅳa grade tumor thrombus by robot assisted trans-diaphragmatic intropericardial inferior vena cava occlusion and thrombectomy from January 2013 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The median age was 53.5 (53-70) years. The average body mass index was 23.25 (20.7-26.3) kg/m 2. The tumors were located on the right side in 2 cases. The average maximum diameter of the tumor was 8.1 (3.6-11.2) cm.Preoperative tumor thrombus of all patients was classified as Ⅳa. The average preoperative length of tumor thrombus in vena cava was 12.3 (11.8-18.0) cm. All the operations were performed under multidisciplinary cooperation of urology, hepatobiliary, cardiovascular, ultrasound and anesthesiologist team. Surgical procedure: Robot assisted liver mobilization was used to expose the inferior vena cava. Under the guidance of intraoperative ultrasound, the central tendon and pericardium of diaphragm were dissected until the inferior vena cava and right atrium in the superior pericardium were exposed. The first porta hepatis and inferior vena cava were blocked in turn.The vena cava thrombectomy and inferior vena cava reconstruction were performed. Results:All the operations were completed without conversion. The median operation time was 553.5 (338-642) minutes, and the median time of the first porta hepatis occlusion was 18.1 (14-32)minutes. The median blood loss was 1 900(1 000-2 600)ml. All patients were transferred to ICU after operation. The median length of stay in ICU was 7(4-8) days, and the median time of indwelling drainage tube was 8(4-12) days. The average postoperative hospital stay was 13(11-20) days. There were 1 case of grade Ⅱ and 3 cases of grade Ⅲ complications (Clavien classification). One case had paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, one case had lymphatic fistula, one case had pleural effusion with atelectasis, and one case had hepatic and renal insufficiency and lymphatic fistula. The complications were improved after treatment. There was no perioperative death.Conclusions:Robot assisted trans-diaphragmatic intropericardial inferior vena cava occlusion and thrombectomy is an alternative method for the treatment of Ⅳa grade inferior vena cava tumor thrombus. Using this method, Ⅳa grade tumor thrombus can be treated without cardiopulmonary bypass and thoracotomy, with controllable complications and zero perioperative mortality.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 497-501, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of holographic image technology in robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP).Methods:The clinical data of 34 patients with prostate cancer who underwent RARP in our hospital during October 2020 and December 2020 was analyzed retrospectively. The average age of the patients was 67.8 (52-78) years. The mean BMI was 25.8 (18.0-32.3) kg/m 2. The median level of PSA before surgery was 13.4 (2-149) ng/ml. Median prostate volume was 31.7 (9.5-159.1) ml. EAU risk groups for biochemical recurrence of localised and locally advanced prostate cancer were list as below: 5 cases of low-risk, 7 cases of medium-risk, 22 cases of high-risk. There were 9, 16, 9 cases with the ASA score of 1, 2, 3 point, respectively. Preoperative Gleason score of 34 patients were list as below: 9 cases in score ≤6 group, 15 cases in score=7 group, 10 cases in score ≥8 group. For clinical stage before the surgery, 13 cases ≤T 2a stage, 1 case in T 2b stage, 20 cases ≥T 2c stage. The engineers established holographic images of 34 patients based on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and the reports before the operation. Surgeons can obtain the size and location of tumors, surrounding neurovascular bundles visually by revolving, assembling, disassembling and concealing images, which was helpful for pre-surgery planning. By manipulating the holographic images extracorporeally, surgeons can discriminate Internal sphincter of urinary bladder and vesicoprostatic muscle, neurovascular bundles, membranous part, seminal vesicle easily, which improves the operation accuracy. Results:All 34 cases underwent operation successfully without transferring to open surgery. The median operative time was 157.5 (95-276) min with an estimated blood loss of 50 (20-300) ml. The median drainage removal time was 2 d and median hospitalization time was 3.5 d, respectively. The catheters were removed within an average time of 20.5 d. For postoperative Gleason score, there were 2 cases in score ≤6 group, 16 cases in score =7 group, 8 cases in score ≥8 group and 8 cases can’t make a score. For clinical stage after the surgery, 10 cases were ≤T 2a stage, 1 case was T 2b stage, 23 cases were ≥cT 2c stage. 22 cases underwent pelvic lymph node dissection, including a patient with right iliac fossa lymph node metastasis. There were 2 cases with positive surgical margin and 3 cases with Clavien-DindoⅠcomplications. The rate of 1-month and 3-month urinary continence were 47.1% and79.4%, respectively, 8 cases recovered erectile function after 3 month. Conclusions:Holographic image technology can promote cancer dissection completely, achieve urinary continence early and reduce perioperative complications tremendously. The technology is the "intraoperative security" for the accurate surgical treatment of prostate cancer.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 741-745, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796894

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study convention MRI compared with conventional MRI combined with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the evaluation of T-staging of gallbladder carcinoma, and to determine the relationship between the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value and histological grading.@*Methods@#Fifty-one patients with gallbladder carcinoma confirmed by surgery and pathology were enrolled into this study. The T-staging was performed according to conventional MRI or with conventional MRI combined with DWI and the results were compared with pathological studies.@*Results@#The ADC value of tumor was measured to determine the correlation with T staging, pTNM staging and pathological tumor differentiation. For conventional MRI, the T-staging rate was 84.3%, which was consistent with the pathological T scoring (Kappa value 0.7580). After DWI, the T staging coincidence rate was 92.2% and the Kappa value was 0.8813. A comparison between conventional MRI versus conventional MRI combined with DWI T-staging compliance rates was performed using the Chi-square test (χ2=1.5111, P>0.05). The ADC values correlated with the T-staging, pTNM staging, and pathological tumor differentiation (r=-0.672, -0.749, 0.707, respectively, all P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Conventional MRI helped in the diagnoses of T-staging in gallbladder cancer. MRI combined with DWI helped to improve the coincidence rate of T-staging. The ADC values correlated with the T-staging, pTNM staging, and pathological tumor differentiation. Conventional MRI combined with DWI better evaluated the T-staging of gallbladder cancer, and could better guide the choice of treatment methods.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 849-852, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796658

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the value of radiomics in stratifying the Gleason score (GS) of prostate cancer based on vast image features from biparametric MRI.@*Methods@#Three hundred and sixteen patients were enrolled in this study from October, 2015 to December, 2018 and their results of surgical pathology were obtained. The lesions were manually depicted by 3D-Slicer. Then, 106-dimensional features extracted by radiomics were used to conduct Spearman non-parametric correlation test with the high and low risk stratification of GS. The constructed Neural Network was trained with the features after dimension reduction by principal component analysis as the input. Then, the testing set was fed in to get the predictive capability of the model. In the end, 10-fold cross-validation and shuffle of 100 times were used to test the accuracy of the prediction and the generalization ability of the model.@*Results@#Seventy seven-dimensional features with significant correlation were found at the level of P valued=0.05 (two-tailed). After dimensional features were reduced, 21 dimensional new feature spaces with 99% original feature information were obtained. The results on the testing data after the 10-fold validation and shuffle were AUC=0.712 with T2WI, AUC=0.689 with DWI (b=1 000 s/mm2), AUC=0.689 with DWI (b=2 000 s/mm2) and AUC=0.691 with DWI (b=3 000 s/mm2).@*Conclusion@#The neural network after extracting features from biparametric MRI images can accurately and automatically distinguish the high risk and low risk groups of Gleason grade of prostatic cancer.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 741-745, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791494

ABSTRACT

Objective To study convention MRI compared with conventional MRI combined with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the evaluation of T-staging of gallbladder carcinoma, and to determine the relationship between the apparent diffusion coefficient ( ADC) value and histological grading. Methods Fifty-one patients with gallbladder carcinoma confirmed by surgery and pathology were enrolled into this study. The T-staging was performed according to conventional MRI or with conventional MRI combined with DWI and the results were compared with pathological studies. Results The ADC value of tumor was measured to deter-mine the correlation with T staging, pTNM staging and pathological tumor differentiation. For conventional MRI, the T-staging rate was 84. 3%, which was consistent with the pathological T scoring ( Kappa value 0. 7580). After DWI, the T staging coincidence rate was 92. 2% and the Kappa value was 0. 8813. A compar-ison between conventional MRI versus conventional MRI combined with DWI T-staging compliance rates was performed using the Chi-square test (χ2 =1. 5111, P>0. 05). The ADC values correlated with the T-staging, pTNM staging, and pathological tumor differentiation ( r= -0. 672, -0. 749, 0. 707, respectively, all P<0. 05). Conclusions Conventional MRI helped in the diagnoses of T-staging in gallbladder cancer. MRI combined with DWI helped to improve the coincidence rate of T-staging. The ADC values correlated with the T-staging, pTNM staging, and pathological tumor differentiation. Conventional MRI combined with DWI better evaluated the T-staging of gallbladder cancer, and could better guide the choice of treatment methods.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 849-852, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791362

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of radiomics in stratifying the Gleason score (GS) of prostate cancer based on vast image features from biparametric MRI. Methods Three hundred and sixteen patients were enrolled in this study from October, 2015 to December, 2018 and their results of surgical pathology were obtained. The lesions were manually depicted by 3D?Slicer. Then, 106?dimensional features extracted by radiomics were used to conduct Spearman non?parametric correlation test with the high and low risk stratification of GS. The constructed Neural Network was trained with the features after dimension reduction by principal component analysis as the input. Then, the testing set was fed in to get the predictive capability of the model. In the end, 10?fold cross?validation and shuffle of 100 times were used to test the accuracy of the prediction and the generalization ability of the model. Results Seventy seven?dimensional features with significant correlation were found at the level of P valued=0.05 (two?tailed). After dimensional features were reduced, 21 dimensional new feature spaces with 99% original feature information were obtained. The results on the testing data after the 10?fold validation and shuffle were AUC=0.712 with T2WI, AUC=0.689 with DWI(b=1 000 s/mm2), AUC=0.689 with DWI (b=2 000 s/mm2) and AUC=0.691 with DWI (b=3 000 s/mm2). Conclusion The neural network after extracting features from biparametric MRI images can accurately and automatically distinguish the high risk and low risk groups of Gleason grade of prostatic cancer.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 81-85, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734573

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of robot-assisted laparoscopic inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombectomy in treating renal tumor with Mayo level Ⅲ-Ⅳ inferior vena cava thrombus.Methods From November 2014 to January 2017,5 cases of renal tumor with Mayo level Ⅲ-Ⅳ inferior vena cava tumor thrombus were treated with robot-assisted surgery.There were 4 males and 1 female with the median age of 59 years (range 54-71 years).Four cases had the renal tumor on the right side and one on the left side.The mean tumor size was 6.8 cm (range 5-9 cm) with 3 cases of T3b and 2 cases of T3c.There were 4 cases of level Ⅲ and 1 case of level Ⅳ inferior vena cava thrombus with the median length of 9 cm (range 7-11 cm).The surgical procedure for Mayo level Ⅲ inferior vena cava thrombus included mobilization of both left and right robes of liver,subsequently controlling the suprahepatic infradiaphramatic IVC and first porta hepatis simultaneously.The surgical procedure for Mayo level Ⅳ inferior vena cava thrombus included cardiopulmonary bypass by multi-disciplinary cooperation among urologists,hepatobiliary and cardiovascular surgeons.The procedures included live mobilization,control of the superior vena cava and first porta hepatis and remove thrombus in the atrium and IVC respectively.Results All operations were completed successfully.The median operative time was 440 min (320-630 min).The blood recovery device was used and the intraoperative estimated blood loss was 2 500 ml (500-6 000 ml) and all cases required intraoperative blood transfusion.The median time of intraoperative occlusion of IVC was 35 min (25-50 min).All patients were transferred to the intensive care unit for median of 4 days (2-8 days) after surgery.The median time to remove the postoperative drainage tube was 9 days (7-12 days).Postoperative pathological diagnosis revealed 5 cases of clear cell carcinoma.Postoperative renal dysfunction occurred in 3 patients and liver dysfunction occurred in 2 patients who improved after medical therapy.During median 19.6 months (12-48 months) of follow-up,1 patient died and 1 patient progressed.Conclusions Despite the high risk of surgery,robot-assisted laparoscopic IVC thrombectomy for renal tumor with Mayo level Ⅲ-Ⅳ thrombus is feasible for experienced surgeons in selected patients.However,the oncological outcomes need further investigation.

17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 379-383, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806577

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the value of CT texture analysis (CTTA) in differentiating the pathological grade of urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB).@*Methods@#A total of 53 lesions from 43 patients with bladder cancer confirmed by postoperative pathology were retrospectively analyzed, including 27 cases of high-grade urothelial carcinoma (HGUC) and 26 cases of low-grade urothelial carcinoma (LGUC). All the patients took pelvic CT and enhanced scanning in the same CT scanner with same scanning parameters. Lesions on both plain and enhanced CT images were delineated on software by two radiologists to extract the corresponding volumes of interest (VOI) and then 92 parameters based on feature classes were generated. The average values of two radiologists were obtained. The difference parameters between HGUC group and LGUC group were screened by nonparametric test, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) was drawn. The corresponding optimal thresholds were determined and diagnostic effect was assessed.@*Results@#Nine difference texture parameters between HGUC group and LGUC group were selected, including 5 parameters on unenhanced images, namely, skewness, root mean squared, cluster shade, zone percentage and large area high gray level emphasis. There were 4 parameters on enhanced images, namely, skewness, kurtosis, cluster shade and zone percentage. The largest area under curve of 0.840±0.058 (95% CI 0.726-0.955) was obtained from skewness generated by VOI of unenhanced images. The cut-off value of skewness was 0.186 5, which permitted the diagnosis of HGUC with sensitivity of 92.59%, specificity of 73.08%, positive predictive value of 78.13%, negative predictive value of 90.48% and accuracy of 83.02%.@*Conclusion@#CTTA can effectively distinguish between LGUC and HGUC. Skewness from unenhanced CT images had the optimal diagnostic performance.

18.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 298-302, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712816

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of ultra-high b-value diffusion-weighted imaging(DWI) in diagnosis of prostate cancer. Methods According to inclusion and exclusion criteria, 73 consecutive examinees in Chinese PLA General Hospital from June 2014 to May 2015 were screened. Written informed consent was obtained from all patients. T2WI, conventional DWI with b-value of 1 000 s/mm2and ultra-high b-value DWI with 2 000 s/mm2and 3 000 s/mm2were performed in each examinee. Images were interpreted and were corresponding to histological results conducted by ultrasound guided prostate systematic biopsy. Reference biopsy as the gold standard,the sensitivity,specificity, positive predictive value(PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated for each image. Sensitivity and specificity differences between ultra-high b-value DWI and conventional DWI were analyzed. The areas under the curves (AUCs) between ultra-high b-value DWI and other modalities were compared. Results The sensitivity and specificity for ultra-high b-value DWI were 92.5 % and 68.8 % with b-value of 3 000 s/mm2, and they were 88.1 % and 53.1 % for 2 000 s/mm2in peripheral zone. The sensitivity and specificity for ultra-high b-value DWI were 88.0 % and 88.2 % with a b-value of 3 000 s/mm2, and they were 80.0 % and 52.9 % for 2 000 s/mm2in transition zone. The values of sensitivity for ultra-high b-value DWI were significantly higher than those for conventional DWI both in peripheral zone and transition zone (all P <0.000 1). The detection of lesions was comparable with ultra-high b-value DWI at 2 000 s/mm2and 3 000 s/mm2in peripheral zone (P >0.05), whereas the value of specificity for 3 000 s/mm2were significantly higher than that for 2 000 s/mm2in transition zone (P<0.000 1). PPV and NPV for 3 000 s/mm2were significantly higher than those for the other three modalities both in peripheral zone(86.1 % and 81.5 %) and transition zone (91.7 % and 83.3 %). In peripheral zone, the AUCs were 0.591, 0.553, 0.698 and 0.806 in T2WI, conventional DWI and ultra-high b-value DWI at 2 000 s/mm2 and 3 000 s/mm2respectively, for the diagnosis of transition zone cancer were 0.693, 0.506, 0.665 and 0.881 respectively, and the AUCs for the ultra-high b-value with 3 000 s/mm2were the largest. Conclusion Ultra-high b-value DWI is an accurate and reliable method in the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 367-370, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708420

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the MRI findings of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE).Methods MRI and clinical data of 8 EHE patients confirmed by pathology in PLA General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.Results 8 patients included 3 male and 5 female.1 patient had single lesion and 7 patients had multiple lesions.A total of 162 lesions were detected and most of the lesions were in the peripheral liver.For T1WI,100 lesions (61.7%) showed slightly low signal,and 62 lesions (38.3%) showed lower signal intensity in the center of the lesion and appeared as "target sign".For T2WI,the center of 29 lesions (17.9%) showed two-loop "target sign",66 lesions (40.7%) showed three-loop "target sign",and 67 lesions (41.4%) showed slightly homogeneous higher signal.For DWI,116 lesions (71.6%) showed halo-like high signal and 46 lesions (28.4%) showed uniform high signal.For dynamic enhancement,the lesions showed slightly enhancement in the arterial phase,and persistent enhancement in portal venous phase,the center of 122 lesions (about 75.3%) showed enhancement and 40 lesions (24.7%) showed no enhancement in delayed phase.1 patient with hepatobiliary specific contrast was enhanced in hepatobiliary phase.“Hepatic capsule depression” was observed in 30 lesions.7 lesions appeared as “lollipop sign”,and were enveloped in 16 lesions.Conclusion MRI,DWI and dynamic contrastenhanced scanning of EHE in liver are characteristic,which is helpful for qualitative diagnosis before surgery.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 286-290, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707932

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the MRI features of renal oncocytoma(RO). Methods We retrospectively analyzed the data of 26 patients by histologically confirmed with RO in Chinese PLA General Hospital from September 2006 to May 2017 and performed pre-operative MRI and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI.Lesions were divided into two groups based on the diameter:large group with large than 3 cm(16 cases,16 lesions)and small group with less than 3 cm(10 cases,11 lesions).Features of each lesion were analyzed, including location, pseudocapsules, lipids and other 11 indicators. Tumor imaging features were compared between two groups by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results Of 27 RO lesions, 12 were located in the left kidney and 15 in the right kidney. Twenty five lesions appeared exophytic(92.6%,25/27),10 lesions showed exophytic angular interface(37.0%,10/27), 25 lesions showed pseudocapsule(92.6%,25/27),4 lesions appeared lipid(14.8%,4/27),2 lesions showed cystic degeneration or necrosis(7.4%,2/27),1 lesion showed hemorrhage(3.7%,1/27),13 lesions appeared fibrous scar(48.1%,13/27),19 lesions with moderate or intense enhancement in the corticomedullary phase (70.4%, 19/27), 9 lesions with wheel-spoke-like enhancement (33.3%, 9/27), and 2 lesions showed segmental enhancement inversion (7.4%, 2/27). Univariate logistic regression exhibited statistically significant correlation between exophytic angular interface with renal parenchyma,fibrous scar,moderate or intense enhancement in the corticomedullary phase,and wheel-spoke-like enhancement of the tumors both in small and large RO groups with OR value of 0.054, 9.898, 8.400 and 10.000, respectively. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, exophytic angular interface with renal parenchyma and intense enhancement in the corticomedullary phase were found to be high risk factors with OR value of 0.033 and 15.381,respectively.Conclusions The main manifestation of RO on MRI is that both kidneys can occur, with many exogenesis, pseudocapsules, but less lipids, cystic degeneration, necrosis, hemorrhage and segmental enhanced reversal;smaller lesions(diameter<3 cm)tend to conical interface,while larger lesions (diameter≥3 cm)may have fibrous scars,spoke-shaped enhancement,moderate and significantly enhanced cortical phase characteristics.

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