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1.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 47-64, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922492

ABSTRACT

As a sensor of cytosolic DNA, the role of cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) in innate immune response is well established, yet how its functions in different biological conditions remain to be elucidated. Here, we identify cGAS as an essential regulator in inhibiting mitotic DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair and protecting short telomeres from end-to-end fusion independent of the canonical cGAS-STING pathway. cGAS associates with telomeric/subtelomeric DNA during mitosis when TRF1/TRF2/POT1 are deficient on telomeres. Depletion of cGAS leads to mitotic chromosome end-to-end fusions predominantly occurring between short telomeres. Mechanistically, cGAS interacts with CDK1 and positions them to chromosome ends. Thus, CDK1 inhibits mitotic non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) by blocking the recruitment of RNF8. cGAS-deficient human primary cells are defective in entering replicative senescence and display chromosome end-to-end fusions, genome instability and prolonged growth arrest. Altogether, cGAS safeguards genome stability by controlling mitotic DSB repair to inhibit mitotic chromosome end-to-end fusions, thus facilitating replicative senescence.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the surgical effect of modified cervical cerclage for the treatment of pregnant women with cervical insufficiency.Methods:The clinical data of 225 pregnant women who underwent modified cervical cerclage in Qilu Hospital (Qingdao) were selected for retrospective analysis from April 2014 to June 2020. Surgical success rate, full-term birth rate, preterm birth rate, prolonged pregnancy weeks and newborn birth weight were compared between singleton and twin pregnancies, preventive cerclage and emergency cerclage, surgery before and after 18 weeks, naturally and in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) conceived pregnant women respectively.Results:Among the 225 pregnant women, the gestational weeks of surgery were 14-24 +5 weeks, mean gestational weeks of delivery were 38 +2 weeks (35 +5-39 +3 weeks), the number of prolonged gestation were (20.3±5.2) weeks, and the newborn birth weight was (3 065±735) g; the overall surgical success rate was 92.9% (209/225), and the miscarriage rate was 7.1% (16/225); among the surviving newborns, the full-term birth rate was 73.7% (154/209), and the preterm birth rate was 26.3% (55/209). All cases had no intraoperative complications. Among the 225 pregnant women, 202 (89.8%, 202/225) cases were singleton pregnancies, and 23 (10.2%, 23/225) cases were twin pregnancies; 201 (89.3%, 201/225) cases underwent preventive cervical cerclage, and 24 (10.7%, 24/225) cases underwent emergency cervical cerclage; 190 (84.4%, 190/225) cases underwent the surgery before 18 weeks, and 35 (15.6%, 35/225) cases underwent the surgery after 18 weeks; 49 (21.8%, 49/225) cases were conceived by IVF-ET. There was no statistically significant difference in the overall surgical success rate of single and twin group ( P>0.05). The full-term birth rate, newborn birth weight and prolonged pregnancy weeks of single group were higher than those of twin group ( P<0.05). There were no statistical differences between preventive and emergency cerclage in overall surgical success rate, full-term birth rate, preterm birth rate, and newborn birth weight (all P>0.05). The pregnancy prolonged weeks of preventive cerclage was higher than that of emergency cerclage ( P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the overall surgical success rate, full-term birth rate, preterm birth rate and birth weight of newborns at different surgical timings (all P>0.05). The pregnancy prolonged week for those who underwent surgery before 18 weeks was higher than that of surgery after 18 weeks ( P<0.05). The premature birth rate of IVF-ET was higher than that of naturally conceived pregnant women ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The modified cervical cerclage could effectively prolong the gestational weeks of delivery, reduce the rate of preterm birth, and the operation is simple and easy to promote. It could be used as a surgical option for patients with cervical insufficiency.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908214

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct competency index of nurses in public health emergencies based on iceberg mode.Methods:Based on the analysis of the work of public emergencies in the past five years, the deficiencies were summarized, and the competence index of nursing staff in public health emergencies was preliminarily formulated with the Iceberg Model as the theoretical framework and the literature review. The Delphi expert consultation method was used to select 15 experts from 7 Class Ⅲ Grade A general hospitals and Class Ⅲ Grade A specialized hospitals in Jiangsu Province who met the standards of admission and discharge from January to June 2020 for two rounds of consultation, and the competency index was finally formed.Results:The competency index of nursing staff in public health emergencies included 5 first-level indicators and 27 second-level indicators. The authority coefficient of experts on the first-level index and second-level index were 0.84 and 0.81. The coordination coefficients were 0.68 and 0.72, respectively. The differences were statistically significant( χ2 values were 73.22, 95.30, P<0.01). Conclusions:The competency index of nurses in public health emergencies in this study is highly reliable and scientific, and can provide reference for the reserve, training and assessment of nurses in public health emergencies.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872007

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a classification model for rapid identification of hypervirulent subtype ST17 clones of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS).Methods:In a retrospective study, 235 strains of GBS strains were selected from multiple centers in China during 2015-2018. For model generation,45 strains of ST17 and 50 strains of non-ST17 (20 ST19, 15 ST12 and 15 ST10 strains) were enrolled as the modeling group. The remaining 90 main ST strains (40 ST17, 16 ST10, 17 ST12 and 17 ST19) were served as validation group. 50 GBS strains classified as other minor ST subtypes were regarded as taxonomic groups. MS spectra were collected by Bruker mass spectrometry, and then loaded for model generation and verification, and screening of differential peptide peaks by genetic algorithm (GA) and model verification on ClinProTools 3.0 software.Results:The recognition rate for ST17-GA model were 99.4% with cross validation value of 96.9%. Among the ten differential peptide peaks for the classification model, the weights of both two main peptide peaks m/z 2 956 and m/z 5 912 were greater than 1, while the weights of the all other eight peptide peaks were less than 0.5. Model validation showed only one of the ST17 was misjudged as non-ST17 strain, resulting in diagnostic accuracy of 98.9%, sensitivity of 97.5% and specificity of 100%, positive predictive value of 100% and negative predictive value of 98.0%, respectively. For other sporadic STs, 42.0% (21/50) of them were misdiagnosed as ST17 subtype.Conclusion:A MALDI-TOF MS classification model for hypervirulent subtype of ST17 GBS strains has been successfully established with good diagnostic efficacy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate diagnostic performance of Todd-Hewitt (T-H) broth culture method, direct culture method, liquid chromogenic culture method, and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for screening group B streptococcus (GBS) during late pregnancy.Methods:In the retrospective study, the rectal vaginal secretions samples were collected from pregnant women at 35 to 37 weeks at the obstetrics clinic of Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center affiliated to Guangzhou Medical University during October 2016 to April 2018. For the purposes of clinical evaluation, T-H broth culture was used as the standard reference method, and double-blind trials were used to evaluate diagnostic performance of direct culture method, liquid chromogenic culture method, and LAMP method for screening group B streptococcus during late pregnancy in three research stages. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), coincidence rate and Yoden index for each method were calculated. Also, the level of agreement between each method and T-H broth was assessed using the kappa (k) coefficient.Results:A total of 969 specimens were detected by the T-H enrichment culture method, and 90 were positive (9.3%). The sensitivities from high to low were LAMP method [100% (25/25)], direct culture method [81.5% (22/27), 95 %CI:65.8%-97.1%], and liquid color culture method [71.1% (27/38), 95 %CI:55.9%-86.2%]. Specificities were direct culture method [100% (282/282)], liquid color culture method [98.1% (455/464), 95 %CI:96.8%-99.3%], and LAMP method [94.0% (125/133), 95 %CI: 89.9%-98.1%]. The coincidence rates were direct culture method [98.4% (22+282)/309], liquid color culture method [96.0% (27+455)/502], and LAMP method [94.9% (25+125)/158]. The Kappa values of the direct culture method (0.889), LAMP method (0.832) and the enrichment culture method were all ≥0.75, and that of the liquid color culture method was 0.708. The false negative rate of direct culture method was 18.5% (5/27), and no false negative case by LAMP method, but its false positive rate was 6.0% (8/133). The false negative rate and false positive rate of liquid color culture method were 28.9% (11/38) and 1.9% (9/464), respectively. Conclusions:Of the three screening methods compared in this study, only the LAMP method has the advantages in sensitivity, specificity, and coincidence rate compared with T-H enriched culture method, while the others have a certain degree of false negatives rate. The clinical laboratory can introduce these methods based on laboratory facilities and staffing, or refer to the European and American guidelines and combine the recommended antenatal GBS screening method with intrapartum nucleic acid amplification tests to best meet the clinical demands.

6.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 540-545, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862876

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of pregnant women with leukemia, the condition of leukemia and the influence of clinical treatment on maternal and infant outcomes, and to explore the best clinical management method of leukemia in pregnancy.Methods:Among 79 890 pregnant and lying-in women in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2004 to December 2015, 22 cases (0.028%) were with leukemia, including 5 cases of leukemia diagnosed before pregnancy [all acute myeloid leukemia (AML)] and 17 cases of leukemia diagnosed for the first time after pregnancy [9 cases of AML, 5 cases of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), 2 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and 1 case of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)]. According to the gestational weeks of admission and confirmed gestational weeks of leukemia, the 22 patients were divided into early-stage group (initial gestational week < 14 weeks, 5 cases), mid-stage group (newly diagnosed gestational week ≥ 14 weeks and < 28 weeks, 11 cases), and late-stage group (newly diagnosed gestational week ≥ 28 weeks, 6 cases, including 2 cases with previous diagnosis of leukemia). The final pregnancy outcomes included abortion, induced labor, premature delivery, full-term delivery and maternal and infant death. The effects of clinical treatment and obstetric treatment of leukemia on the final maternal and infant outcomes, follow-up to understand the progress of primary disease and fertility of pregnant women, and the impact of leukemia and pregnancy treatment on long-term health status of infants were analyzed.Results:Among 22 patients with leukemia in pregnancy, 14 cases (63.6%) (5 cases in early-stage group and 9 cases in mid-stage group) choosed to give up pregnancy, including 4 cases of early pregnancy abortion and 10 cases of mid pregnancy induced abortion; 12 cases of 14 cases were induced abortion or induced labor after leukemia remission induced by advanced chemotherapy. The remaining 8 patients (2 cases in mid-stage group and 6 cases in late-stage group) continued pregnancy and gave birth to live infants, of which 3 cases received chemotherapy before delivery.Conclusions:Gestational leukemia is a high-risk obstetric case, but it is still expected to achieve good pregnancy outcome under good management and treatment. On the basis of following the principles of leukemia treatment, according to the gestational weeks and patients' wishes, the individualized clinical management plan is formulated, and the accurate chemotherapy timing is conducive to the prognosis of mother and infant.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799475

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate diagnostic performance of Todd-Hewitt (T-H) broth culture method, direct culture method, liquid chromogenic culture method, and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for screening group B streptococcus (GBS) during late pregnancy.@*Methods@#In the retrospective study, the rectal vaginal secretions samples were collected from pregnant women at 35 to 37 weeks at the obstetrics clinic of Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center affiliated to Guangzhou Medical University during October 2016 to April 2018. For the purposes of clinical evaluation, T-H broth culture was used as the standard reference method, and double-blind trials were used to evaluate diagnostic performance of direct culture method, liquid chromogenic culture method, and LAMP method for screening group B streptococcus during late pregnancy in three research stages. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), coincidence rate and Yoden index for each method were calculated. Also, the level of agreement between each method and T-H broth was assessed using the kappa (k) coefficient.@*Results@#A total of 969 specimens were detected by the T-H enrichment culture method, and 90 were positive (9.3%). The sensitivities from high to low were LAMP method [100% (25/25)], direct culture method [81.5% (22/27), 95%CI:65.8%-97.1%], and liquid color culture method [71.1% (27/38), 95%CI:55.9%-86.2%]. Specificities were direct culture method [100% (282/282)], liquid color culture method [98.1% (455/464), 95%CI:96.8%-99.3%], and LAMP method [94.0% (125/133), 95%CI: 89.9%-98.1%]. The coincidence rates were direct culture method [98.4% (22+282)/309], liquid color culture method [96.0% (27+455)/502], and LAMP method [94.9% (25+125)/158]. The Kappa values of the direct culture method (0.889), LAMP method (0.832) and the enrichment culture method were all ≥0.75, and that of the liquid color culture method was 0.708. The false negative rate of direct culture method was 18.5% (5/27), and no false negative case by LAMP method, but its false positive rate was 6.0% (8/133). The false negative rate and false positive rate of liquid color culture method were 28.9% (11/38) and 1.9% (9/464), respectively.@*Conclusions@#Of the three screening methods compared in this study, only the LAMP method has the advantages in sensitivity, specificity, and coincidence rate compared with T-H enriched culture method, while the others have a certain degree of false negatives rate. The clinical laboratory can introduce these methods based on laboratory facilities and staffing, or refer to the European and American guidelines and combine the recommended antenatal GBS screening method with intrapartum nucleic acid amplification tests to best meet the clinical demands.

8.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 808-824, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757874

ABSTRACT

While the majority of all human cancers counteract telomere shortening by expressing telomerase, ~15% of all cancers maintain telomere length by a telomerase-independent mechanism known as alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT). Here, we show that high load of intrinsic DNA damage is present in ALT cancer cells, leading to apoptosis stress by activating p53-independent, but JNK/c-Myc-dependent apoptotic pathway. Notably, ALT cells expressing wild-type p53 show much lower apoptosis than p53-deficient ALT cells. Mechanistically, we find that intrinsic DNA damage in ALT cells induces low level of p53 that is insufficient to initiate the transcription of apoptosis-related genes, but is sufficient to stimulate the expression of key components of mTORC2 (mTOR and Rictor), which in turn leads to phosphorylation of AKT. Activated AKT (p-AKT) thereby stimulates downstream anti-apoptotic events. Therefore, p53 and AKT are the key factors that suppress spontaneous apoptosis in ALT cells. Indeed, inhibition of p53 or AKT selectively induces rapid death of ALT cells in vitro, and p53 inhibitor severely suppresses the growth of ALT-cell xenograft tumors in mice. These findings reveal a previously unrecognized function of p53 in anti-apoptosis and identify that the inhibition of p53 or AKT has a potential as therapeutics for specifically targeting ALT cancers.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805512

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the perioperative clinical treatment of thyroid cancer patients with heart disease.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on 39 thyroid cancer patients with heart disease admitted to the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital,Capital Medical University from April 2014 to February 2018,including 25 males and 14 females, the age ranged from 59 to 75 years,with an average age of 67.3±6.2 years. Perioperative clinical monitoring indicators included cardiac ultrasound left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), degree of vascular stenosis revealed by coronary CT, hypersensitive troponin I (TNI), b-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), fibrinogen degradation products,and coagulation indexes. This panel of patients comprised 26 cases with 50% ≤ LVEF<60%,10 cases with 40% ≤ LVEF<50%, 3 cases with 36% ≤ LVEF<40%, 27 cases with 0≤BNP<100 ng/L, 7 cases with 100≤BNP<400 ng/L, and 5 cases with 400≤BNP<700 ng/L. Coronary CT showed no coronary artery stenosis>75%. The vascular graft was patent and the coronary artery after stenting was unobstructed. For 3 patients with LVEF<40% and 5 patients with BNP>400 ng/L,cardiotonic,diuretic,and nutritional myocardial therapy were used for 1 week. SPSS 17.0 software was used to analyze the data.@*Results@#All 39 patients successfully completed the operation under general anesthesia,including 32 cases of total thyroidectomy,7 cases of glandular lobe and isthmic resection,and 40 cases of lateral neck dissection. One patient developed heart failure three days after surgery and was discharged after two weeks of treatment. No other cardiac related events,cerebrovascular and pulmonary thrombosis occurred during the perioperative period. The anesthesia preparation time was significant different between the group with 0≤BNP<100 ng/L and 50%≤LVEF<60% and the group with 0≤BNP<100 ng/L and 36%≤LVEF<50%.@*Conclusions@#Multi-indicators were utilized to adequately assess cardiac function before surgery. According to the results of cardiac ultrasound and coronary CT examination, the corresponding treatment should be conducted to improve the cardiac function. After the perioperative risk assessment and management of thyroid cancer patients with heart disease,standardized thyroid cancer surgery can be performed safely.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 374-384, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745409

ABSTRACT

Objective A meta-analysis is to be performed to compare the entire efficacy on decompression (D) alone and decompression with fusion (F) for patients with 1-2 level lumbar stenosis (LSS) regardless of degenerative spandylolisthesis (DS) based on published RCTs.Methods The databases include Pubmed,Embase,Cochrane Library and Web of Science from January 1970 to March 2018 with a certain search strategy and inclusion criteria.Two reviewers assessed eligible trials,evaluated articles quality and extracted information independently and the information included basic characteristics of demographic information,primary and secondary measures,then data synthesis and meta-analysis was progressed as well as subgroup analysis by DS and follow-up time (36 months).Continuous variables were reported as weighted mean difference (WMD) and dichotomous variables were reported as odds ratios (ORs).Finally the strength of evidence and grade of recommendation was evaluated by the grades of recommendation,assessment,development and evaluation (GRADE) system for the overall outcome.Results A total of 9 RCTs with a low to moderate risk of bias met inclusion criteria with a total of 857 patients (367 were in D group and 490 were in F group) in 1-2 level operation and the average age,sex ratio and preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) were of no significance.In primary measures,there were no statistical difference in VAS changes on back and leg pain between D and F group [MD=-0.03,95% CI (--0.38,0.76),Z=0.08,P=0.94;MD=0.1 1,95%CI (-1.08,1.30),Z=0.18,P=0.86,respectively];Patients' satisfaction was of no difference between the two groups (OR=0.74,P=0.48),together with the change of Oswestry disability index (ODI,P=0.29) and European quality of life-5 dimensions (EQ-SD,P=0.41).As to the secondary measures,there were no difference in the rate of complication (OR=0.75,P=0.50) and reoperation (OR=1.93,P=0.11) while a statistical significance of longer operation duration (P=0.000),more blood loss (P=0.004),longer hospital stays (P=0.000) but amazing lower rate of ASD (OR=2.35,P=0.02) in F group.The subgroup analysis on whether combined with DS showed that basically all of the compared measures were in consistency with the whole meta-analysis;As to the follow-up,there was a higher reoperation rate in middle-to-long term (> 36months) in D group while the other measures were in line with the overall meta-analysis and adjacent segment degeneration/disease (ASD) was the most seasons of reoperation yet no matter the follow-up time.According to the GRADE system,the grade of this meta-analysis is of "High" quality.Conclusion F group has no better clinical results than D alone in short-segment LSS,regardless of DS,and even further,no significant change with shot-term or middle-to-long term follow-up.F approach has a longer duration of operation,more hospital stays and more blood loss,even perhaps a lager cost.According to the GRADE,the grade of this meta-analysis is of "High" quality,the grade strength of recommendation was "Strong".

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742926

ABSTRACT

Objective Newborn bilirubin encephalopathy seriously threatens the life and health of newborns, Both the mortality and morbidity are high.Cerebrospinal fluid bilirubin concentration can better reflect the blood-brain barrier function and brain bilirubin levels, which can help the diagnosis of bilirubin encephalopathy.Methods In order to meet the clinical needs, we confirmed the detection performance of the existing serum bilirubin detection system for cerebrospinal fluid bilirubin, including precision, accuracy and analysis of measurement range.Results The results showed that the detection system was linear at 1.0-25.1μmol/L, and the daytime CVat normal and pathological values was less than the precision requirement (6%) .The bias of each sample and the average bias are less than the allowable bias (5%) , the total error is less than the total allowable error (15%) .Conclusion Therefore, the performance of the detection system meet the industry standards, can be used for neonatal cerebrospinal fluid bilirubin detection.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697664

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics,antibiotic susceptibilities and serotypes of Group B Streptococcus(GBS)isolated from neonatal meningitis to provide references for the prevention and treatment of neonatal GBS meningitis. Methods From June 2013 to June 2016,we surveyed the GBS strains iso-lated from purulent meningitis of < 90 days infants from Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center. The GBS isolates were identified and the minimum inhibitory concentration of the antibiotics was determined by Vitek 2 Compact automatic bacterial identification system.GBS serotyping was performed using Strep-B-Latex?rapid latex agglutination test kit. Results A total of 46 cases of neonatal GBS meningitis,15 cases of early-onset infection and 31 cases of late-onset infection were diagnosed. 78.3% of GBS meningitis with varying degrees of complica-tions.Among 41 survivors with 3~24 months follow-up,50% of the early-onset and 44.8% of the late-onset GBS meningitis with varying degrees of neurological sequelae.Four capsular types were identified among the 46 isolates, serotype-Ⅲwas the most prevalent(73.9%),followed by Ib(19.6%),V(4.3%)and Ia(2.2%).All the isolates were susceptible to penicillins,cephalosporins,linezolid and vancomycin. Conclusion The highly pathogenic serotype-Ⅲ was the predominant serotype among neonatal GBS meningitis in Guangzhou,Therefore,it is neces-sary to strengthen the epidemiological surveillance of GBS invasive infection and the effective implementation of pre-ventive measures.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696493

ABSTRACT

Objective To raise awareness of the late-onset meningitis caused by group B streptococcus (GBS) which was homogenous to the maternal colonization.Methods The clinical data of late-onset GBS meningitis in neonates twins whose pathogens were homogenous to their maternal colonization were collected from Department of Neonatology,Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center.The general conditions,clinical symptoms,laboratory tests and drug treatment of the twins and their mother were retrospectively analyzed,and the GBS homology during inpatient care was tested.And the progress of the twins' condition was investigated by telephone follow-up.Results The mother had two pregnancies without prenatal GBS screening or intrapartum antimicrobial intervention for GBS,everything was normal during pregnancy and delivery.Twins were born through cesarean section.The elder sister was discharged with Linezolid taken orally after 167 days in hospital without convulsions,shaking or other discomfort.The elder sister was followed up for every 2 weeks,and in the last time of follow-up,cerebrospinal fluid white blood cell counts were 45 × 106/L,protein level was 1.52 g/L and Linezolid was withdrawn.The younger brother was discharged after 58 days in hospital with follow-up for every 2 weeks,and in the last time of follow-up,cerebrospinal fluid white blood cell counts were 30 × 106/L,protein level was 0.66 g/L.During the hospitalization and follow-up without convulsions and irritation,and the cranial magnetic resonance imaging of the twin brother was normal.Test results showed that the GBS bacteria strain for twins and their mother were all serotype Ⅲ.The possibility of the GBS homology was more than 90%.Conclusions The toxicity of serotype Ⅲ GBS strain was strong.More proactive precautions should be considered to apply for the mother whose first birth already had GBS infection.Early identification and intervention of infection risk factors would help optimize the anti-infection treatment program and reduce nerve system damage and other adverse outcomes caused by invasive GBS infection.

14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 653-655, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810148

ABSTRACT

As the complicated and three-dimensional deformity, degenerative spinal deformity is common in middle-aged and elderly patients, which often accompanies with severe lumbar spinal stenosis and corresponding symptoms, high surgical difficulties and risks in perioperative periods. The aims of the surgery are removing decompression of spinal cord and nerve root, ending the process of deformity and rebuilding spinal balance. Recently, relevant problems of sagittal balance in degenerative spinal deformity have attracted more and more attention. Proper use of orthopedic technique and correct choice of upper and lower instrumented vertebra play a key role in deformity correction and improvement of postoperative symptoms.

15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 147-152, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809827

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To review and compare radiological parameters between degenerative lumbar kyphoscoliosis (DLKS) and degenerative lumbar kyphosis (DLK), and analyze the relationships between coronal and sagittal deformities and compensatory mechanisms of sagittal balance.@*Methods@#A total of 82 patients with lumbar degenerative deformities were enrolled for our radiographic study at Department of Spinal Surgery, Peking University People′s Hospital from January 2016 to May 2017. These patients were divided into two groups: DLKS group (39 patients) with lumbar coronal and sagittal deformities, and DLK group (43 patients) just with lumbar sagittal deformity. Complete spinopelvic radiographic parameters were compared.@*Results@#The Cobb angle and lumbar lordosis of DLKS group were (23.0±11.8)° and (18.2±12.1)°, while the lumbar lordosis of DLK group was (20.4±10.2)°. In DLKS group, Cobb angle had correlations with lumbar lordosis(r=-0.338, P=0.035), and central sacral vertical line distance had significant correlations with thoracolumbar junctional angle (r=0.488, P=0.002) . Moreover, no significant differences of all sagittal spinopelvic parameters were found between two groups (P>0.05). In DLKS group, significant correlations between lumbar lordosis and sacral slope (r=0.617, P=0.000), and correlations between lumbar lordosis and thoracic kyphosis(r=-0.363, P=0.023) were observed. In DLK group, lumbar lordosis showed significant correlations with thoracic kyphosis(r=-0.341, P=0.025) and sacral slope (r=0.772, P=0.000). According to Nash-Moe grading scale of apical vertebral rotation, 10 patients were with Ⅰ-Ⅱ grade while 29 patients with Ⅲ-Ⅴ grade in DLKS group.@*Conclusions@#Both as typical lumbar degenerative deformities, there are some correlations between scoliosis and kyphosis. However, coronal scoliosis may not influent sagittal morphological parameters for DLKS patients. Thoracic curve changes and pelvic backtilt are both important for maintaining the sagittal balance in patients with degenerative lumbar kyphoscoliosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712220

ABSTRACT

Group B streptococcus ( GBS) is the most common cause of neonatal invasive infections in western countries , leading to severe pneumonia , sepsis and meningitis with high mortality and morbidity . Neonatal GBS infections are mainly transmitted from mother to baby .Since the end of 1990 s, prevention strategies of antenatal GBS screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis ( IAP) have been implemented by European and American area , decreasing the incidence of neonatal GBS disease significantly .The harm of GBS to neonates has been recognized and valued in recent years in China , but the authorized prevention measures are still lacking.Efficacy of IAP-based prevention depends on the accuracy of GBS screening results during pregnancy .Here, the GBS prevention guideline or consensus recommended by European and American CDC, including the screening strategies , detection methods, sample collection, storage and transportation were interpreted .

17.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E564-E571, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803753

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the biomechanical influence of posterior laminectomy with varying extent on adjacent segment after lumbar interbody fusion. Methods Three finite element models of lumbar posterior fusion were developed based on the validated intact lumbar model. These models were: posterior fusion with bi-lateral incision of facet joint (Bi-TLIF),inferior partly incision of laminar (PLIF),total laminectomy (LAM-PLIF). The range of motion (ROM), intradiscal pressure (IDP), facet joint contact force (FJF) of adjacent segment of fusion models under various loading were compared with the intact model. The follower load of 400 N under 7.5 N·m torque was exerted on superior endplate of L1 segment. The 6-DOF (degree of freedom) of sacroiliac joint surface was constrained during loading. ResultsDuring flexion, obvious biomechanical changes of superior adjacent segment (L3-4) were found in Bi-TLIF, PLIF, LAM-PLIF surgery groups. Compared with the intact model, the ROM in Bi-TLIF, PLIF, LAM-PLIF group increased by 1.0%, 9.3%, 24.5%, respectively, while IDP in the above fusion groups increased by 1.4%, 4.3%, 10.0%,respectively. These changes were not obvious in other postures. For FJF, the Bi-TLIF and PLIF group showed obvious increasing effect on L3-4 segment, while almost had no effect on L5-S1 segment. Conclusions Laminectomy increased ROM, IDP and FJF of adjacent segment (especially superior adjacent segment) after posterior lumbar fusion, which might increase the risk of adjacent segment degeneration. This biomechanical effect was more obvious with the increase in incision range of laminar. Therefore, preserving more posterior complex during decompression has a positive effect on preventing adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) following lumbar fusion surgeries.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691268

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the value of superior mesenteric vein (No.14v) lymph node dissection in D2 gastrectomy for locally advanced distal gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective cohort study was carried out. A total of 796 patients with locally advanced distal gastric cancer undergoing D2 gastrectomy at the Cancer Center of Guangzhou Medical University between 2002 and 2016 were enrolled.</p><p><b>INCLUSION CRITERIA</b>locally advanced distal gastric adenocarcinoma confirmed by postoperative pathology; adenocarcinoma located at or invaded into lower 1/3 stomach; lymphadenectomy was D2 or D2+; negative resection margin confirmed by pathology; no distal metastasis was found; preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy was not administrated. Patients with undefined group of lymph nodes by postoperative pathology and those who were died perioperatively were excluded. Among 796 patients, 293 underwent No.14v dissection (No.14vD+ group) and the other 503 patients did not undergo No.14v dissection (No.14vD- group). The 5-year overall survival was compared between the two groups. Therapeutic index of No.14v lymph nodes was calculated according to the following formula: therapeutic index=metastatic rate of No.14 lymph nodes (%) × 5-year survival rate of patients with No.14 lymph node metastasis(%) × 100. Meanwhile, stratified analyses based on pathological TNM staging were performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in age, gender, tumor size, Borrmann type, Lauren classification, histological type, surgical procedure, and number of harvested lymph node between two groups (all P>0.05). However, compared to No.14vD- group, No.14vD+ group had more advanced T staging (χ² =14.771, P=0.005) and TNM staging (χ² =18.339, P=0.003), and higher ratio of receiving adjuvant chemotherapy (χ² =4.205, P=0.040). The median follow-up period was 47 months. The 5-year survival rate in No.14vD+ and No.14vD- groups was 57.4% and 46.8% respectively without statistically significant difference (P=0.313). After adjusting for confounding factors, Cox proportional hazards model showed that No.14v lymphadenectomy was not an independent prognostic factor(HR=0.802, 95%CI: 0.545-1.186, P=0.124). Stratified analyses revealed that in all TNM stages, 5-year survival rates were not significantly different between two groups (all P>0.05). However, No.14v lymphadenectomy showed a tendency of survival benefit when the tumor staging after advancing to III A stage(III A: P=0.103; III B: P=0.085; III C: P=0.060). Five-year survival rates of No.14vD+ and No.14vD- groups in stage III A were 54.9% and 45.2%, in III B stage were 39.8% and 29.5%, in III C stage were 27.5% and 16.2%, respectively. After combining III A, III B and III C, the No.14vD+ group had a higher 5-year survival rate than No.14vD- group (39.2% vs. 27.7%, P=0.006). The No.14v metastasis rate in No14v+ group was 12.6%(37/293), including 0%(0/46), 2.5%(1/40), 4.9%(2/41), 15.7%(8/51), 20.8%(11/53) and 24.2%(15/62) in stages I B, II A, II B, III A, III B and III C respectively. The metastasis rate of No.14v lymph node in stage III patients was 20.5%(34/166). The 5-year survival rate of these 34 stage III patients with No.14v metastasis was 21.1%. The therapeutic index of No.14v lymph node in stage III patients was 4.3, which was comparable with 3.9 of No.9 and 4.9 of No.11p, even higher than 2.6 of No.1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Although No.14v lymphadenectomy can not improve the overall survival of patients with locally advanced distal gastric cancer, but it may significantly improve survival in those with stage III cancer. The therapeutic index of No.14v lymph node is similar to No.2 station lymph node in patients with stage III distal gastric cancer. Therefore No.14v lymph node should be included in D2 dissection.</p>

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687573

ABSTRACT

Based on transversely isotropic theory, a finite element model for three-dimensional solid-liquid coupling defect repair of articular cartilage was established. By studying stress state of host cartilage near the restoration interface, we identified deformation type of cartilage and discussed the cause of restoration interface cracking. The results showed that the host cartilage surface node near the restoration interface underwent compression deformation in the condition of surface layer defect repair. When the middle layer, deep layer or full-thickness defect were repaired, the node underwent tensile deformation. At this point, the radial dimension of cartilage increased, which might cause restoration interface cracking. If elastic modulus of the tissue engineered cartilage (TEC) was lower (0.1 MPa, 0.3 MPa), the host cartilage surface layer and middle layer mainly underwent tensile deformation. While elastic modulus of TEC was higher (0.6 MPa, 0.9 MPa), each layer of host cartilage underwent compression deformation. Therefore, the elastic modulus of TEC could be increased properly for full-thickness defect repair. This article provides a new idea for evaluating the effect of cartilage tissue engineering repair, and has a certain guiding significance for clinical practice.

20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 214-219, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808295

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical effect and imaging evaluation of cervical spine myelopathy treated with Centerpiece.@*Methods@#A retrospective study of 60 patients underwent posterior cervical spine surgery because of cervical myelopathy in Spinal Department of Peking University People′s Hospital from July 2011 to January 2013.According to the different fixation methods, all patients were divided into cervical posterior open-door Centerpiece fixation group (group A) and cervical posterior open-door silk suspension fixation group (group B). There were 40 patients in group A, including 25 males and 15 females, mean age (59.7±11.9) years old, average course of disease before surgery (53.6±61.5) months, average follow-up time (28.5±3.1) months after operation.There were 20 patients in group B, including 15 males and 5 females, mean age (58.3±9.6) years old, average course of disease before surgery (50.4±14.9) months, average follow-up time (28.3±1.9) months after operation.The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage, preoperative and postoperative Japanese Orthopaedic Association(JOA) score, the neck disability index(NDI) score, visual analog scale (VAS) score, postoperative axial pain, C5 nerve root palsy, postoperative "re-closing" and other related complications were observed.Imaging assessment projects include: before and after surgery of cervical curvature, range of motion(ROM), spinal anteroposterior diameter, spinal canal expansion rate, the whole spinal cord backward shift distance and area of the spinal canal and the opening angle.@*Results@#There was no significant difference in general data between the two groups (P>0.05). Group A the average operation time was(117.7±23.4)min, the average amount of operative bleeding was (152.0±122.7) ml, and the postoperative drainage volume was (268.7±222.1) ml.The average operation time of group B was (141.7±23.9) min, the average amount of operative bleeding was (166.7±42.5) ml, and the postoperative drainage volume of group B was (255.3±47.0) ml.There was no significant difference between the two groups in the amount of operative bleeding and postoperative drainage volume (both P>0.05), the operation time between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). At the end of the follow-up, the JOA score, NDI score, and VAS score were significantly improved (P<0.05) in both group A and group B and there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). C5 nerve root paralysis was not occurred in both two groups after operation.There were 1 case of axial pain in the group A and 7 cases in the group B and there were significant differences between the two groups (P<0.05). The group A was not found "re-closing" during the follow-up and 12 patients of group B found to be "re-closing" phenomenon, there were statistically different between the two groups (P<0.05). Comparison of preoperative and postoperative, there were no significant differences in cervical curvature and ROM in both groups (P>0.05). Butthe spinal canal diameter and the vertebral canal area were statistically different after surgery (P<0.05). There was no statistical difference between the two groups of cervical curvature and ROM (P>0.05). There was no statistical difference between the two groups of spinal canal diameter, spinal canal area and spinal canal diameter enlargement rate(P>0.05). There was no statistical difference between the two groups of the whole spinal cord backward shift distance(P>0.05). There were significant differences between the two groups at the angle of the open door (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Centerpiece cervical posterior titanium plate can achieve good clinical efficacy in the treatment of multi segmental spinal cervical spondylosis.

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