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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1147-1152, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910277

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the reproducibility of left ventricular strain assessed by CT feature tracking(CT-FT) and its correlation and agreement with speckle tracking echocardiography (STE).Methods:Thirty outpatients with suspected coronary heart disease who underwent whole cardiac cycle coronary CTA and transthoracic echocardiography within one week were prospectively enrolled in November 2019. Left ventricular volume and strain parameters were measured by CT-FT and STE, including left ventricular end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), ejection fraction (EF), global longitudinal strain(GLS), global radial strain (GRS),and global circumferential strain(GCS). GLS included endocardial global longitudinal strain (EndoGLS) and myocardial global longitudinal strain (MyoGLS), GCS included endocardial global circumferential strain (EndoGCS) and myocardial global circumferential strain (MyoGCS). ICC was used to evaluate intra-and inter-observer differences in strain measured by CT-FT. The differences of measurements between CT-FT and STE were compared by paired-samples t test. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between CT-FT and STE measurements. Agreement between measurements of two modalities was assessed by Bland-Altman analysis. Results:There was a good consistency in EDV, ESV, EF, EndoGLS, MyoGLS, GRS, EndoGCS and MyoGCS measured by CT-FT between intra-and inter-observer (ICC was 0.775-0.964, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in EF measured by CT-FT and STE [(60.27±8.70) % and (61.22±5.64) %, P=0.443]. EndoGLS, MyoGLS, GRS and MyoGCS measured by CT-FT were (-20.47±4.01)%, (-18.06±3.75)%, (73.90±20.58) % and (-18.48±3.65)%, respectively, while the strain measured by STE were (-18.97±3.33)%, (-16.49±2.60)%, (18.56±3.06)% and (-20.26±4.45)%, respectively. The differences were statistically significant between CT-FT and STE ( t=-2.367, -2.945, 12.161, 2.459, P<0.05). The EndoGCS measured by CT-FT and STE were (-27.78±6.66)% and (-29.18±7.24)%, respectively, with no statistical significance ( P=0.223).The correlation coefficients of EndoGLS, MyoGLS, GRS, EndoGCS and MyoGCS measured by CT-FT and STE were 0.566, 0.629, 0.509, 0.606 and 0.539, respectively ( P<0.05). The average difference of EndoGLS, MyoGLS, GRS, EndoGCS and MyoGCS measured by CT-FT and STE was -1.5%, -1.6%, 55.3%, 1.4% and 1.8%, respectively, with 95% limits of agreement was -8.3%-5.3%, -7.3%-4.2%, 18.1%-92.5%, -10.7%-13.6% and -6.0%-9.5%, respectively. Conclusions:The left ventricular global strain evaluated by CT-FT was feasible, and the agreement of global strain between CT-FT and STE was good but not interchangeable. CT can be an alternative method for "one-stop" evaluation of cardiac anatomy and function in patients with poor echogenic windows and contraindications for MRI.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907796

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) CDKN2B-AS1 targeting miR-98-5p on proliferation and invasion of lung cancer A549 cells.Methods:A549 cells cultured in vitro were divided into control group, pcDNA group (transfected with pcDNA) , CDKN2B-AS1 group (transfected with pcDNA CDKN2B-AS1) and double transfection group (transfected with pcDNA CDKN2B-AS1 and pcDNA miR-98-5p) . The expression of lncRNA CDKN2B-AS1, miR-98-5p and the protein expression of PCNA, MMP-9 in A549 cells were detected. The activity, clone number, cloning efficiency, and the number of invasive cells of A549 cells were detected.Results:Compared with pcDNA group, the expression level of lncRNA CDKN2B-AS1 [ (2.14±0.14) vs (1.03±0.10) ], OD value in each time points, clone number [ (314.60±18.13) vs (220.08±12.46) ], cloning efficiency [ (85.81±3.06) % vs (60.03±2.85) %], invasive cell number [ (233.30±18.98) vs (140.84±12.30) ], expression levels of PCNA [ (0.78±0.08) vs (0.48±0.07) ] and MMP-9 [ (0.75±0.06) vs (0.38±0.06) ] proteins in A549 cells in CDKN2B-AS1 group were significantly increased ( P<0.05) ; the expression level of miR-98-5p [ (0.23±0.03) vs (0.99±0.09) ] was significantly decreased ( P<0.05) ; compared with CDKN2B-AS1 group, there was no significant difference in the expression level of lncRNA CDKN2B-AS1 in A549 cells in double transfection group ( P>0.05) , while the expression level of miR-98-5p in A549 cells was significantly increased ( P<0.05) . The OD value in each time points, clone number, cloning efficiency, invasive cell number, expression levels of PCNA and MMP-9 proteins were significantly decreased ( P<0.05) . Conclusion:LncRNA CDKN2B-AS1 can promote the proliferation and invasion of lung cancer A549 cells by targetingly inhibiting the expression of miR-98-5p.

3.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 726-731,f3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907513

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the important risk factors for the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) based on SEER database, and to construct a line chart prognostic model of 1-, 3-and 5-year survival rates for CRC patients.Methods:The clinical data of 52814 patients with CRC diagnosed pathologically from 2010 to 2015 in SEER database were collected. Cox proportional hazard model was used for univariate and multivariate survival analysis to determine the prognostic risk factors. Stepwise regression was used to screen the clinical factors that had the greatest impact on prognosis. Calibration curve was used to evaluate the accuracy of line chart prediction model for predicting 1-, 3-and 5-year OS in patients with CRC.Results:Surgical method, age, LNR, AJCC stage, T stage, N stage, M stage, vascular tumor thrombus and nerve invasion were independent risk factors for prognosis. Stepwise regression analysis showed that age, T stage, M stage, LNR and mode of operation were the most associated with the prognosis of CRC. A line chart model was constructed based on these five factors. The consistency index of age/T staging/M staging/LNR/ operation on the training set and verification set was the highest, which were 0.762 and 0.756 respectively. ROC curve analysis showed that in the training set and verification set, the AUC of age/T stage/M stage/LNR/ operation prognosis model was more than 0.7, and the model had high diagnostic value.Conclusion:The CRC prognostic line chart model based on age/T staging/M staging/LNR/ operation has a better predictive effect. The constructed prognosis OS diagram is convenient for clinical oncologists to make a more accurate assessment of the prognosis of patients, and provides a theoretical basis for individual diagnosis and treatment of CRC patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of serum C-type lectin-like receptor 2 (CLEC-2) combined with insulin resistance in the outcome of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) after intravenous thrombolysis.Methods:Patients with AIS received alteplase intravenous thrombolytic therapy in the Department of Neurology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from October 2019 to March 2021 were enrolled retrospectively. According to the modified Rankin Scale score at 90 d after onset, they were divided into good outcome group (0-2) and poor outcome group (>2). Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was used to evaluate insulin resistance. Person correlation analysis was used to determine the correlation between CLEC-2 and HOMA-IR. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the correlation between serum CELC-2, HOMA-IR and the outcome after intravenous thrombolysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the predictive value of serum CLEC-2 combined with HOMA-IR for poor outcome after intravenous thrombolysis. Results:A total of 100 patients were enrolled (56 males, 56.0%; aged 70.6±10.86 years, range 49-83 years). The baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 10.00±6.36. Senenty-four patients (74.0%) had a good outcome and 26 (26.0%) had a poor outcome. Person correlation analysis showed that there was a significant positive correlation between serum CLEC-2 and HOMA-IR ( r=0.523; P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for confounding factors (C-reactive protein, baseline NIHSS score, onset-to-needle time), the highest quartile of serum CLEC-2 (compared with the lowest quartile: odds ratio [ OR] 4.836, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.105-21.169; P=0.036) and the highest quartile of HOMA-IR (compared with the quartile 1-3: OR 15, 95% CI 2.647-30.722; P=0.002) were the independent risk factors for the poor outcome in patients with AIS after intravenous thrombolysis. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve for serum CLEC-2 combined with HOMA-IR to predict poor outcome was 0.785 (95% CI 0.688-0.883; P<0.001), the optimal cut-off value was 0.72, and the sensitivity and specificity were 76.0% and 95.0%, respectively. Conclusion:CLEC-2 combined with insulin resistance has a certain predictive value for the poor outcome of patients with AIS after intravenous thrombolysis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906379

ABSTRACT

Six dimensional syndrome differentiation theory, put forward by professor GU Xiao-hong at Beijing University of Chinese Medicine based on her theoretical teaching and clinical experience, emphasizes that the syndrome differentiation should be carried out from six dimensions including etiology, disease location, disease stage, disease condition, pathology, and disease nature, which is conducive to clinical thinking training and formation of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The differentiation and treatment of Baihutang syndrome frequently seen in cold damage and warm disease still need to be explored. Guided by the six dimensional syndrome differentiation theory coupled with diverse viewpoints of cold damage and warm disease schools, this paper summarized and reinterpreted the understandings and thoughts of GU Xiao-hong and YU He, warm disease specialists of two generations. Considering the lung-stomach dysfunction caused by the internal invasion of exogenous pathogens, Baihutang syndrome was staged into Qi aspect. In this stage, exuberant pathogens and sufficient healthy Qi allowed the prevailing of internal heat and the consumption of body fluid, manifested as high fever, profuse sweating, thirst, and the pulse corresponding to interior excess and heat syndrome. This paper also pointed out that the Baihutang syndrome involved both lung and stomach, and the adoption of Baihutang contributed to preventing tu from restricting shui in the case of extreme excess of Yang brightness and protecting the kidney Yin. As revealed by the dynamic analysis of prognosis of Baihutang syndrome based on the six dimensional syndrome differentiation theory, even though the Baihutang syndrome could be present in both cold damage and warm disease, the specific disease stage, transmission and change, condition, prognosis, pathology, and medication differed. On this basis, a series of prescriptions have been modified from Baihutang, which has expanded the application scope of Baihutang and enriched its research value, thus better promoting its clinical application.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906258

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome (MS) includes insulin resistance (IR), central obesity, chronic low-grade inflammation, oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress, elevated free fatty acid levels, intestinal flora imbalance, renin angiotensin system abnormality, and autophagy activity deficiency, etc. Most researchers believe that IR plays a central role in the pathogenesis of MS, and abdominal obesity is an important initial factor of MS. According to the incidence and clinical characteristics, MS is classified as "obesity" "pidan" " abdominal fullness " and other diseases. It is said that the pathogenesis of MS is related to the deficiency of spleen and kidney, the formation of phlegm, turbidity, blood stasis and other pathological products, which damage the body's functions of qi, blood, yin and yang. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has unique advantages in treating MS based on the holistic view and syndrome differentiation concept. It has multi-level, multi-target and multi-channel treatment characteristics. It can intervene insulin signal transduction, regulate adipocyte factor secretion level, relieve oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress response, regulate intestinal flora and renin angiotensin system, reduce free fatty acid level and regulation Autophagy and other ways to improve chronic low-grade inflammation and IR status, and then comprehensive prevention and treatment of MS and its complications. However, the following problems still exist:lack of high-quality randomized controlled clinical research and large sample real-world research, clinical unified diagnosis and treatment standard has not yet formed, lack of genetic animal model in basic research, relatively single signal pathway and target of experimental research, and difficulty in timely formation of clinical transformation of scientific research achievements. Therefore, we should make full use of modern scientific and technological means to carry out systematic and standardized multicenter, large sample, high-quality randomized controlled trials or real-world research, we should prepare perfect animal models, focus on the crosstalk relationship between multiple related cell signaling pathways, and actively explore the potential relationship between signaling pathways and prescription compatibility, so as to actively promote basic scientific research achievements Clinical practice may be the key research direction in the prevention and treatment of MS in TCM.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903942

ABSTRACT

The intestinal barrier function disrupted in sepsis, while little is known about the variation in different phases of sepsis. In this study, mouse models of sepsis were established by caecal ligation and puncture (CLP). The H&E staining of sections and serum diamine oxidase concentration were evaluated at different timepoint after CLP. TUNEL assay and EdU staining were performed to evaluate the apoptosis and proliferation of intestinal epithelium. Relative protein expression was assessed by Western blotting and serum concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines was measured by ELISA. The disruption of intestinal barrier worsened in the first 24 h after the onset of sepsis and gradually recovered over the next 24 h. The percentage of apoptotic cell increased in the first 24 h and dropped at 48 h, accompanied with the proliferative rate of intestinal epithelium inhibited in the first 6 h and regained in the later period. Furthermore, the activity of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) presented similar trend with the intestinal barrier function, shared positive correction with apoptosis of intestinal epithelium. These findings reveal the conversion  process of intestinal barrier function in sepsis and this process is closely correlated with the activity of NF-κB signaling.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896238

ABSTRACT

The intestinal barrier function disrupted in sepsis, while little is known about the variation in different phases of sepsis. In this study, mouse models of sepsis were established by caecal ligation and puncture (CLP). The H&E staining of sections and serum diamine oxidase concentration were evaluated at different timepoint after CLP. TUNEL assay and EdU staining were performed to evaluate the apoptosis and proliferation of intestinal epithelium. Relative protein expression was assessed by Western blotting and serum concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines was measured by ELISA. The disruption of intestinal barrier worsened in the first 24 h after the onset of sepsis and gradually recovered over the next 24 h. The percentage of apoptotic cell increased in the first 24 h and dropped at 48 h, accompanied with the proliferative rate of intestinal epithelium inhibited in the first 6 h and regained in the later period. Furthermore, the activity of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) presented similar trend with the intestinal barrier function, shared positive correction with apoptosis of intestinal epithelium. These findings reveal the conversion  process of intestinal barrier function in sepsis and this process is closely correlated with the activity of NF-κB signaling.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922056

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the safety of alginate based gastric mucosal protective adhesive and its feasibility as a submucosal injection.@*METHODS@#The feasibility of using alginate-based gastric mucosal protective gel as submucosal injection was evaluated by @*RESULTS@#After injection of different concentrations of alginate base mucosal protective adhesive solution, the uplift height was significantly higher than that of normal saline (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Gastric mucosa protector is a promising new medical device product with feasibility and good biocompatibility as submucosal uplift injection agent.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Alginates , Animals , Feasibility Studies , Gastric Mucosa , Injections , Rats , Swine
10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 928-934, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911815

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of gastrointestinal (GI) symptom spectrum in patients with Parkinson′s disease (PD), and to help the early identification of gastrointestinal symptoms and management of PD.Methods:One hundred PD patients in the Department of Neurology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2017 to August 2017 were enrolled in this study. They were assessed by face-to-face GI dysfunction questionnaire, including eight common symptoms involved in oropharynx, upper and lower digestive tract. The Spearman correlation analysis was performed.Results:The age of PD patients was (61.9±10.5) years, the ratio of male to female was 53∶47 and the disease duration was 4.0 (2.0, 6.0) years. There were 42 cases of Hoehn-Yahr (H-Y) stage 1, 30 cases of H-Y stage 2 and 28 cases of H-Y stage 3 and above (24 cases of H-Y stage 3, three cases of H-Y stage 4 and one case of H-Y stage 5). Totally 58% (58/100) of PD patients had one or more GI symptoms. Constipation (42%, 42/100), dysdefecation (38%, 38/100) and salivation (28%, 28/100) were the top three of most common GI symptoms. Lower GI symptoms were the most common (57%, 57/100), followed by oropharyngeal symptoms (33%, 33/100), and upper GI symptoms (27%, 27/100). GI symptoms could appear in H-Y stage 1 patients, 26.1% (11/42) of which had 1-2 kinds of GI symptoms and over 20% of which had more than three kinds of GI symptoms. A total of 39.3% (11/28) of PD patients with H-Y stage ≥3 had more than three kinds of GI symptoms. The Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index (GCSI) score in patients with upper GI symptoms was 3.0 (2.0,6.5). The constipation symptom score in patients with constipation and dysdefecation was 19.0 (12.0,27.3). As for the clinical type of constipation, 66.7% (38/57) of them were mixed, 21.0% (12/57) were slow transit and 12.3% (7/57) were dysdefecation. In 38.6% (22/57) of the constipated patients, constipation symptoms occurred earlier than PD motor symptoms. Correlation analysis showed that H-Y stage was positively correlated with the course of PD, the number of GI symptoms, salivation, constipation, dysdefecation and constipation symptom scores.Conclusions:Constipation, dysdefecation and salivation were the most common GI symptoms in PD patients. PD patients had at least one GI symptom in the early stage (H-Y stage 1). Lower GI symptoms were more common than oropharyngeal symptoms and upper GI symptoms. With the development of PD, the number of GI symptoms, salivation, constipation and dysdefecation were aggravated, which were important for early symptomatic identification and disease management.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885356

ABSTRACT

The provision of hospice care can improve the quality of life for terminal patients. Currently the measurement tools for knowledge, attitudes and practices(KAP)of hospice care providers have been developed and widely used internationally. This article reviews the measurement scales and relevant factors for KAP of hospice care to provide reference for further studies. The databases of CNKI, Wanfang data, PubMed, Web of Science databases, Google and Baidu search engines were systematically searched. According to the retrieval strategy, 42 literatures were finally included for analysis. The development of measurement scales and influencing factors about KAP of medical staff were reviewed from the included studies. It appeared some mature scales have been applied in different extent, or available for interpretation into different language versions. Most of researches adopted quantitative tools to measure medical staff's KAP on hospice care. The current researches conducted in China mainland showed a change on target population from nurses to specialized doctors and from a single group to multidisciplinary medical team. In the future, it would be more focusing on multidisciplinary team mainly comprised of general practitioners, nurses and social workers. Till recently, there is little literature evidence for study of the characteristics of localization.

12.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 73-76, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881973

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and influencing factors of metabolic syndrome(MS) in male occupational population in the mineral industry. METHODS: A total of 2 654 male employees in the mining area of a mining group in Xingtai City were selected as the study subjects using the convenient sampling method. The general demographic data, behavior and lifestyle, work status, and biochemical examination results of the study subjects were collected, and the influencing factors of MS were analyzed by multi-factor logistic regression. RESULTS: The detection rate of MS was 16.0%(425/2 654) in these 2 654 male workers. The detection rate of MS increased with age and length of service(all P<0.05). The detection rate of MS in male workers with hypertension, high blood sugar, central obesity, high triglyceride and low high-density lipoprotein was higher than that in control workers(all P<0.01). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, work shifts, salt intake, dietary habit, alcohol drinking, sleep time, physical exercise, and body mass index were all influencing factors for MS(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Male workers have a high incidence of MS. Older age, shift work, high-salt diet, meat-based diet, alcohol drinking, severely insufficient sleep time, and overweight/obesity increase the risk of MS in male workers.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888668

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effect of oral Chinese medicine (OCM) combined with Western medicine (WM) on cancer pain.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Clinical Trials Registry Platform, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang and VIP databases were searched from their inception to September {dy2019}. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) treating cancer pain by Chinese medicine (CM) combined with WM were included. The primary outcome were total pain relief rate and the quality of life (QOL), and the other outcomes were the average daily dosage of analgesics, the primary time of pain, the analgesic duration time, and adverse events. The methodological quality of RCTs was assessed in accordance with Cochrane 5.1.0 handbook of systematic reviews of interventions. Evidence level was assessed by the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach.@*RESULTS@#There were 1,087 patients in the 14 studies, with 544 in the experiment group and 543 in the control group. These studies were all conducted in China, and published between 2006 and {dy2019}. Compared with the WM, OCM combined with WM could significantly relieve the cancer pain [risk ratio (RR)=1.43, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.32, 1.56), improve QOL (RR=8.57, 95% CI: 4.25, 12.89), decrease the primary time of pain (RR=-0.20, 95% CI: -0.24, -0.16], prolong the analgesic duration time (RR=3.47, 95% CI: 2.09, 4.85), reduce the dosage of analgesics (RR=-19.52, 95% CI: -36.32, -2.72), and reduce side events (RR=0.49, 95% CI: 0.37, 0.65). Evidence levels for total pain relief rate, primary time of pain and side events were low, evidence level for QOL, analgesic duration time and average daily dosage of analgesics were very low.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with the WM, OCM combined with WM could significantly relieve the cancer pain, improve the QOL, decrease the primary time of pain, prolong the analgesic duration time, reduce the dosage of analgesics and side events. The evidence levels were low or very low.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888643

ABSTRACT

The lung is an important organ in systemic toxicity test of medical devices and is significant in safety evaluation. Based on the authors' understanding of medical devices, this study provides a brief analysis of the lung examination and common problems in systemic toxicity, so as to provide references for the pre-clinical safety evaluation of medical devices. It should be noted that a reasonable risk assessment should be made after comprehensive assessment for specific medical device products.


Subject(s)
Equipment Safety , Humans , Lung , Risk Assessment
15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 19-23, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the sleep duration on peak melatonin secretion and renal function injury in steel workers. METHODS: A judgment sampling method was used to select 7 655 steel workers in a steel production department for health examination and questionnaire survey, and the relationship between renal function injury and non-peak sleep time(equivalent to the reduction of sleep duration on peak melatonin secretion) was analyzed using restriction cubic spline(RCS) model and multi-factor logistic regression. RESULTS: The detection rate of renal injury in the study subjects was 14.5%(1 110/7 655). RCS model analysis results showed that there was a linear dose-response relationship between non-peak sleep time and renal injury(overall correlation test χ~2=16.85, P<0.01, nonlinear test χ~2=3.70, P>0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that the workers of non-peak sleep time more than or equal to 4 515-day had higher risk of renal function injury than the workers of non-peak sleep time less than 4 515-day(P<0.05), with odds ratio and 95% confidence interval of 1.4(1.2-1.7), after adjustment for the potential influencing factors such as individual factors and occupational factors. CONCLUSION: Reduction of peak melatonin secretion sleep duration is correlated with renal function injury in steel workers.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880853

ABSTRACT

Periodontitis patients are at risk of alveolar bone loss during orthodontic treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate whether intermittent parathyroid hormone (1-34) treatment (iPTH) could reduce alveolar bone loss during orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) in individuals with periodontitis and the underlying mechanism. A rat model of OTM in the context of periodontitis was established and alveolar bone loss was observed. The control, iPTH and iPTH + stattic groups received injections of vehicle, PTH and vehicle, or PTH and the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) inhibitor stattic, respectively. iPTH prevented alveolar bone loss by enhancing osteogenesis and suppressing bone resorption in the alveolar bone during OTM in rats with periodontitis. This effect of iPTH was along with STAT3 activation and reduced by a local injection of stattic. iPTH promoted osteoblastic differentiation and might further regulate the Wnt/β-catenin pathway in a STAT3-dependent manner. The findings of this study suggest that iPTH might reduce alveolar bone loss during OTM in rats with periodontitis through STAT3/β-catenin crosstalk.


Subject(s)
Animals , Homeostasis , Humans , Osteogenesis , Parathyroid Hormone , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Rats , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Tooth Movement Techniques , beta Catenin
17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 917-921, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880292

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the validity of psychological care combined with enhanced recovery after surgery (PC+ERAS) management in perioperative nursing care of andrological patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 300 male patients undergoing andrological surgery were included in this study, 150 given PC+ERAS and the other 150 receiving routine nursing care as controls. We evaluated anxiety and depression of all the patients on admission and discharge using Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and compared post-operative hospital days, off-bed time, first passage of flatus, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score and satisfaction with nursing care between the two groups of patients.@*RESULTS@#On discharge, significant improvement was observed in SAS and SDS scores in the PC+ERAS group compared with the baseline, even more significant than in the control group (P 0.05). The patients in the PC+ERAS group also achieved a significantly shorter post-operative hospital stay, earlier post-operative off-bed time and passage of flatus, lower VAS score, and higher satisfaction with nursing care than those in the control group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Psychological care combined with ERAS management deserves wide application in the perioperative nursing care of andrological patients, which can significantly improve the patients' anxiety and depression, shorten post-operative hospital stay, reduce VAS score, and increase their satisfaction with nursing care.


Subject(s)
Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Perioperative Nursing , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/psychology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865751

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation and underlying problems of English courses in general education for eight-year M.D. Program and to put forward possible solutions.Method:s We investigated and interviewed teachers from West China Medical Center who teaches bilingual courses and teachers from College of Foreign Languages and Cultures along with faculty in Education Ministry of Sichuan University, analyzed the problems in English courses and explored measures for improvement.Result:s The emphasis students put on English course is satisfactory, but teachers still claim that few students participate actively in class. Therefore, the efficiency of English course should be improved.Conclusion:The current status of English course is not ideal, which can be attributed to both teachers and students, so future schemes should be based on these two perspectives.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863079

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulatory effect of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) on the microglial activation after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in vivo and in vitro.Methods:C57BL/6 mice were used for in vivo experiments. A SAH model was induced by intravascular puncture. They were randomly divided into solvent group, model group, and DHEA pretreatment group. TUNEL staining was used to detect neuronal apoptosis level at 24 h after modeling. Iba-1/CD86 fluorescence double staining was used to detect the activation of microglia. Quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis were used to detect the expression of inflammatory factors, including interleukin (IL) -1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) -α, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). The primary cultured microglia was used for in vitro experiments and it was simulated SAH by hemoglobin stimulation. They were randomly divided into control group, model group, and DHEA pretreatment group. Iba-1/CD86 fluorescence double staining was used to detect the microglial activation, and fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis were used to detect the expression of inflammatory factors.Results:In vivo model experiments showed that DHEA significantly reduced neuronal apoptosis ( P<0.01) and microglial activation ( P<0.01) after SAH modeling, and IL-6 expression level significantly decreased ( P<0.01), while IL-1β, TNF-α and iNOS showed a downward trend, but there were no statistical differences. In vitro model experiments showed that DHEA could significantly inhibit microglial activation ( P<0.001) and the expression levels of various inflammatory factors ( P<0.001). Conclusions:DHEA pretreatment can reduce neuronal apoptosis and microglia activation after SAH, and it has neuroprotective effect.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846525

ABSTRACT

Objective: To optimize the inclusion process for the volatile oil in Huaweishu Granules. Methods: Taking the ratio of volatile oil to β-cyclodextrin, inclusion temperature, stirring speed and stirring time as the factors, the inclusion process conditions were optimized by orthogonal test, the weight coefficients of each index were determined by entropy weight method, and the inclusion complex was verified by thin layer chromatography. Results: The inclusion rate of volatile oil obtained by stirring method was the highest, with the ratio of β-cyclodextrin to volatile oil of 10:1, the inclusion temperature was 40 ℃, the stirring time was 1 h, and the stirring rate was 400 r/min. Conclusion: The optimized volatile oil inclusion process is stable and feasible, with high inclusion rate of volatile oil and yield of inclusion compound.

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