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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879073

ABSTRACT

Assessment of the status property(boiling time) is a challenge for the quality control of extraction process in pharmaceutical enterprises. In this study, the pilot extraction process of Phellodendron chinense was used as the research carrier to develop an online near-infrared(NIR) quality control method based on the status property(boiling time). First, the NIR spectra of P. chinense were collected during the two pilot-scale extraction processes, and the status property(boiling time) was assessed by observing the state of bubbles in the extraction tank using a transparent window during the extraction process, which was then used as a reference standard. Based on the moving block standard deviation(MBSD) algorithm, the assessment model using online NIR spectra for boiling time during extraction process was established. In addition, the model was optimized as follows: standard normal variable(SNV) for spectral pretreatment, modeling band of 800-2 200 nm, and window size of 4. The results showed that, with 0.002 0 as the MBSD model threshold, the boiling time can be accurately assessed using online NIR spectra during extraction process. Furthermore, the principal component analysis-moving block standard deviation(PCA-MBSD) model was developed by our group to reduce the influence of online NIR spectral noise and background signal on the model, and the number of principal components was optimized into 2 in the PCA-MBSD model. The results showed that, with 0.000 075 as the PCA-MBSD model threshold, the boiling time can be accurately assessed using online NIR spectra during extraction process, with improved reliability. This study can provide a assessment method for boiling time during extraction process using online NIR spectra, which can replace the empirical judgment in manual observation, and realize the digitalization of the extraction process for big brand traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Principal Component Analysis , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879072

ABSTRACT

The physical properties of powder and granules are the critical quality attributes for the process control of Suhuang Zhike Capsules, a big brand traditional Chinese medicine. This paper took the production of 25 batches of real-world Suhuang Zhike Capsules dry extract powder and granules intermediates as the research object. Firstly, a method for testing the physical properties of Suhuang Zhike Capsules powder and granules with 19 physical indicators was established. The results showed that the granules of dry extract powder after granulation had a smaller particle size, wider particle size distribution range and poor fluidity, which easily caused the problem of over-limit capsule loading. Secondly, correlation analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis were used for mathematical statistics. The correlation analysis showed that the density of dry extract powder could affect the chroma and fluidity. At the same time, the particle size in the granules had a stronger effect on the chroma and fluidity than the density. The study also found that the particle size and hygroscopicity of dry extract powder were potentially key physical properties that affected the physical properties of granules. Furthermore, the results of principal component analysis and cluster analysis showed that the consistency of the physical properties between the dry extract powder and intermediate granules was relatively poor. To this end, similarity analysis was carried out, and the quality control method of powder and granules based on physical fingerprint was established. The results showed that the physical fingerprint similarity of 25 batches of dry extract powder was 0.639-0.976, and the physical fingerprint similarity of the gra-nules was 0.716-0.983. With the similarity of 0.85 as the threshold, the batches with abnormal physical properties could be identified. In this study, the process quality control method of Suhuang Zhike Capsules based on the physical properties of powder and granules was established finally, which realized the identification of abnormal batches, and provided a reference for the process quality control of Suhuang Zhike Capsules.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Powders , Quality Control
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879071

ABSTRACT

The chemical properties of characteristic components are significant to the manufacturing quality control of big brand traditional Chinese medicine. In this study, the Huangjing Zanyu Capsules were used as the research carrier to determine the content of five characteristic components including icraiin, emodin, schisandrin A, 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside, and osthole simultaneously by high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). The results showed that the chemical properties of five cha-racteristic components had a good linear relationship(r>0.999 9) within the quantitative range; the relative standard deviations(RSD) was 0.11%-2.0% and 0.25%-2.8% respectively for intra-day and inter-day precision; the RSD of repeatability was 1.8%-2.6%; the RSD of stability within 48 hours was 0.19%-2.8%, and the average recovery rate was 95.52%-100.1%, all meeting the requirements of pharmaceutical quantitative analysis. Additionally, the interval estimation method was used to directly reflect the distribution of samples with abnormal chemical properties of characteristic components, and the results showed ten samples were detected beyound the 95% control line of confidence level. Multivariate statistical process control(MSPC) method was used to monitor the abnormal samples of Huangjing Zanyu Capsules collectively, and the results showed that two samples were beyond the 95% control line of Hotelling's T~2 and three samples beyond the 95% control line of squared prediction error(SPE), indicating consistent quality control of Huangjing Zanyu Capsules. In conclusion, the proposed method is not only accurate and efficient but also a compensation for the traditional single-component quality control method, providing a scientific basis for the quality control in manufacturing process of Huangjing Zanyu Capsules. Furthermore, it could also serve as a reference method for the quality control in manufacturing big brand traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879066

ABSTRACT

For the field detection problems of critical quality attribute(CQA) of moisture content in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) manufacturing process, big brand TCM Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills were used as the carrier, to establish a moisture content NIR field detection model with or without cellophane in real world production with use of near infrared(NIR) spectroscopy combined with stoichiometry. With the moisture content determined by drying method as reference value, the partial least square method(PLS) was used to analyze the correlation between the spectrum and the moisture reference value. Then the spectral pretreatment methods were screened and optimized to further improve the accuracy and stability of the model. The results showed that the best quantitative model was developed by the spectral data pretreatment of standard normal variate(SNV) with the latent variable factor number of 2 and 7 of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills with or without cellophane samples. The prediction coefficient of determination(R_(pre)~2) and standard deviation of prediction(RMSEP) of the model with cellophane samples were 0.765 7 and 0.157 2%; R_(pre)~2 and RMSEP of the model without cellophane samples were 0.772 2 and 0.207 8%. The NIR quantitative models of moisture content of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills with and without cellophane both showed good predictive performance to realize the rapid, accurate and non-destructive quantitative analysis of moisture content in such pills, and provide a method for the field quality control of the critical chemical attributes of moisture in the manufacturing of big brand TCM.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Least-Squares Analysis , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879065

ABSTRACT

The spatial distribution uniformity of valuable medicines is the critical quality attribute in the process control of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills. With the real world sample of the mixed end-point powder of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills as the research object, hyperspectral imaging technology was used to collect a total of 32 400 data points with a size of 180 pix×180 pix. Spectral angle matching(SAM), classical least squares and mixed tuned matched filtering(MTMF) were used to identify the spatial distribution of rare medicines. MTMF model showed higher identification accuracy, therefore the spatial distribution of the blended intermediates was identified based on the MTMF model. The histogram method was also used to evaluate the spatial distribution uniformity of rare medicines. The results showed that the standard deviation was 4.78, 6.5, 3.48, 1.96, and 3.00 respectively for artificial bezoar, artificial musk, Borneol, Antelope horn and Buffalo horn; the variance was 22.8, 42.3, 12.1, 3.82, and 9.00, and the skewness was 1.26, 1.71, 0.06,-0.86, and 1.04, respectively. The final results showed that the most even blending was achieved in concentrated powder of Borneol, Antelope horn and Buffalo horn, followed by artificial bezoar, and last artificial musk. A visualization method was established for quality attributes of distribution uniformity in blending process of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills. It could provide evidences of quality control methods in the mixing process of big brand traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Powders , Quality Control
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1335-1344, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) are the most widely used non-invasive tests in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. However, evidence about the direct comparison of the test performance of the self-administered qualitative a laboratory-based quantitative FITs in a CRC screening setting is sparse.@*METHODS@#Based on a CRC screening trial (TARGET-C), we included 3144 pre-colonoscopy fecal samples, including 24 CRCs, 230 advanced adenomas, 622 non-advanced adenomas, and 2268 participants without significant findings at colonoscopy. Three self-administered qualitative FITs (Pupu tube) with positivity thresholds of 8.0, 14.4, or 20.8 μg hemoglobin (Hb)/g preset by the manufacturer and one laboratory-based quantitative FIT (OC-Sensor) with a positivity threshold of 20 μg Hb/g recommended by the manufacturer were tested by trained staff in the central laboratory. The diagnostic performance of the FITs for detecting colorectal neoplasms was compared in the different scenarios using the preset and adjusted thresholds (for the quantitative FIT).@*RESULTS@#At the thresholds preset by the manufacturers, apart from the qualitative FIT-3, significantly higher sensitivities for detecting advanced adenoma were observed for the qualitative FIT-1 (33.9% [95% CI: 28.7-39.4%]) and qualitative FIT-2 (22.2% [95% CI: 17.7-27.2%]) compared to the quantitative FIT (11.7% [95% CI: 8.4-15.8%]), while at a cost of significantly lower specificities. However, such difference was not observed for detecting CRC. For scenarios of adjusting the positivity thresholds of the quantitative FIT to yield comparable specificity or comparable positivity rate to the three qualitative FITs accordingly, there were no significant differences in terms of sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative predictive values and positive/negative likelihood ratios for detecting CRC or advanced adenoma between the two types of FITs, which was further evidenced in ROC analysis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although the self-administered qualitative and the laboratory-based quantitative FITs had varied test performance at the positivity thresholds preset by the manufacturer, such heterogeneity could be overcome by adjusting thresholds to yield comparable specificities or positivity rates. Future CRC screening programs should select appropriate types of FITs and define the thresholds based on the targeted specificities and manageable positivity rates.


Subject(s)
Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Early Detection of Cancer , Feces , Hemoglobins/analysis , Humans , Laboratories , Occult Blood , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 244-248, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883867

ABSTRACT

In mass casualty incidents (MCI), the number of casualties can far exceed the capacity of medical emergency units to treat and transport in a very short period of time. A rapid MCI triage according to the severity of their injuries, can not only effectively use limited medical resources, but also improve the survival rate of injured patients. With the emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) and augmented reality (AR), smart glasses have been developed and used in different scenarios, and have achieved remarkable results in the medical field. This article focuses on the role and advantages of smart glasses in the triage of MCI, while proposing the problems in the application of smart glasses. At the same time, we elaborate on the development status of smart glasses in the triage, and discuss the application trend and development direction of smart glasses in the triage of pre-hospital injuries.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882740

ABSTRACT

Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a rare endocrine tumor characterized by high malignancy, early metastasis and easy recurrence. Sporadic medullary thyroid carcinoma (sMTC) is the main pathological type of MTC, accounting for about 75%. Compared with hMTC which has more clear germline mutations in the RET gene, the pathogenesis of sMTC is still unclear. We mainly retrospectively reviewed the characteristics of gene variants and the associations of their gene variants with tumor risk, including RET gene variants, somatic RAS gene variants, CDKN gene variants and other gene variants, aiming to provide novel directions for the evaluation of patients in terms of etiology.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882545

ABSTRACT

Objective:The response surface methodology (RSM) and Box-Behnken design were adopted to optimize the preparation for citrus oils β-cyclodextrin microspheres inclusion compound. And the physical characterization and heat stability were evaluated.Methods:The best preparation technology included inverse emulsion polymerization and saturated water solution method, with volatile oil weight ratio and microspheres, microspheres and water feeding ratio, inclusion temperature as impact factors, inclusion rate as the response value, establish regression model,. We explored the orange peel naphtha beta ring paste by microscopy, infrared spectroscopy (IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and heat stability test.Results:The best preparation technology included the essential oil with beta ring paste microspheres ( V: m), the ratio of 1:10, beta ring paste small ball and the ratio of water (m: V) for 1:15, and inclusion temperature for 41 ℃. The average encapsulation efficiency and the average rate of yield under optimized conditions were 62.21% and 85.24%, respectively. The physical characterization and thermal stability tests demonstrated that the β-cyclodextrin microsphere inclusion complex of volatile oil from Citrus was successfully prepared and the physical properties were stable. Conclusion:The preparation method of citrus oils β-cyclodextrin microspheres inclusion compound by using the response surface methodology.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882512

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of the number of pathological lymph node metastasis areas on the prognosis of patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) after radical surgery.Methods:The clinicopathologic data of 153 patients with ESCC treated by radical surgery at the Department of Thoracic Surgery of the Affiliated Taixing People′s Hospital of Yangzhou University from January 2012 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 76 had no adjuvant therapy, and 77 received adjuvant radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy after surgery. According to the lymph node classification criteria of American Thoracic Association and the number of pathological lymph node metastasis areas, the patients were divided into non-regional lymph node metastasis group ( n=68), oligo-regional lymph node metastasis group (1-2 regional lymph node metastasis, n=54) and multi-regional lymph node metastasis group (≥3 regional lymph node metastasis, n=31). Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rate and survival comparison was performed by log-rank test. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze prognostic factors, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of the number of lymph node metastasis areas. Results:The median overall survival (OS) was 37.0 months for the 153 patients, and the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates were 97.4%, 51.0% and 30.7% respectively. In the non-regional lymph node metastasis group, the median OS was 46.0 months, and the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates were 97.1%, 58.8% and 39.7% separately. In the oligo-regional lymph node metastasis group, the median OS was 39.0 months, and the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates were 94.4%, 55.6% and 35.2% respectively. In the multi-regional lymph node metastasis group, the median OS was 26.0 months, and the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates were 98.1%, 25.8% and 3.2% separately. There was a statistically significant difference among the three groups ( χ2=18.257, P<0.001). Among the 76 patients without adjuvant treatment, the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates were 94.7%, 50.0% and 34.2% in patients with non-regional lymph node metastasis, 90.9%, 36.4% and 9.1% in patients with oligo-regional lymph node metastasis, 97.4%, 18.8% and 0 in patients with multi-regional lymph node metastasis, and there was a statistically significant difference ( χ2=8.201, P=0.017). Among the 77 patients with adjuvant therapy, the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates were 97.7%, 66.7% and 46.7% in patients with non-regional lymph node metastasis, 96.9%, 68.8% and 53.1% in patients with oligo-regional lymph node metastasis, 93.3%, 26.7% and 6.7% in patients with multi-regional lymph node metastasis, and there was a statistically significant difference ( χ2=18.083, P<0.001). Univariate analysis showed that age ( HR=1.534, 95% CI: 1.041-2.260, P=0.030), T stage ( HR=1.757, 95% CI: 1.197-2.579, P=0.004), N stage ( HR=1.548, 95% CI: 1.043-2.297, P=0.030), TNM stage ( HR=1.392, 95% CI: 1.114-2.459, P=0.015), adjuvant therapy ( HR=0.545, 95% CI: 0.370-0.803, P=0.002) and number of lymph node metastasis areas (multi-regional lymph node metastasis versus non-regional lymph node metastasis: HR=0.385, 95% CI: 0.238-0.624, P<0.001; multi-regional lymph node metastasis versus oligo-regional lymph node metastasis: HR=0.442, 95% CI: 0.269-0.726, P=0.001) were closely related to OS in patients with ESCC after operation. Multivariate analysis showed that T stage ( HR=1.699, 95% CI: 1.143-2.525, P=0.009), adjuvant therapy ( HR=0.577, 95% CI: 0.386-0.864, P=0.008) and number of lymph node metastasis areas (multi-regional lymph node metastasis versus non-regional lymph node metastasis: HR=0.553, 95% CI: 0.411-0.996, P=0.011; multi-regional lymph node metastasis versus oligo-regional lymph node metastasis: HR=0.550, 95% CI: 0.328-0.924, P=0.024) were independent prognostic factors for OS. The number of lymph node metastasis areas (AUC=0.648, 95% CI: 0.560-0.735, P=0.004) was better than the number of lymph node metastasis (AUC=0.595, 95% CI: 0.497-0.694, P=0.061) in predicting OS of patients with ESCC after radical surgery. Conclusion:The number of postoperative pathological lymph node metastasis areas in thoracic ESCC has important value in predicting survival prognosis, and adjuvant therapy can significantly improve the OS of patients with oligo-regional lymph node metastasis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827956

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to investigate the multi-constituent, multi-target mechanism of Xuanfei Baidu Tang(XFBD) in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), through exploring the main ingredients and effective targets of XFBD, as well as analyzing the correlation between XFBD targets and COVID-19. The compounds of each herb in XFBD were collected from TCM-PTD, ETCM, TCMSP and SymMap database. Next, the information of meridian tropisms was collected from Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2015 edition), and the target information of the major constituents of XFBD were obtained from TCM-PTD, ETCM, TCMSP and TargetNet database. Subsequently, the target network model and the major modules were generated by Cytoscape, and the functional enrichment analysis of XFBD targets were completed by DAVID and STRING. As a result, ten of the 13 herbs in XFBD belonged to the lung meridian, and 326 of the 1 224 putative XFBD targets were associated with the disease target of COVID-19, among which 109 targets were enriched in the disease pathways of viral infection and lung injury. The main biological pathways regulated by the key XFBD targets included viral infection, energy metabolism, immunity and inflammation, parasites and bacterial infections. In conclusion, the therapeutic mechanism of XFBD in COVID-19 showed a multi-herb, multi-constituent, multi-target pattern, with lung as the chief targeted organ. By regulating a series of biological pathways closely related to the occurrence and development of diseases, XFBD plays a role in balancing immunity, eliminating inflammation, regulating hepatic and biliary metabolism and recovering energy metabolism balance.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827544

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to evaluate the postoperative complications undergoing dental general anesthesia in children and analyze the prevalence and related factors.@*METHODS@#This prospective study involved 292 systematically healthy children (36 to 71 months old) who received extensive dental treatment under general anesthesia. Data about patients' histories, characteristics, dental and anesthesia procedure were collected. Parents or caregivers were interviewed face to face preoperation and 72 h postoperation. Data were analyzed using logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#Approximately 93.5% of the enrolled children reported one or more complications. The most prevalent complication was postoperative pain, followed by weariness, agitation, problem in eating, drowsiness, oral bleeding, cough, fever, etc. The length of operative time and femininity were the risks of the postoperative pain. Nutrition status was the factor probably in association with fever.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The children receive longer operative time and girls show to be more susceptible to the postoperative pain. High nutrition status could be the protective factor of postoperative fever.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Dental , Anesthesia, General , Child , Child, Preschool , Dental Care , Dental Caries , Female , Humans , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827230

ABSTRACT

Cordycepin was the first adenosine analogue used as an anticancer and antiviral agent, which is extracted from Cordyceps militaris and hasn't been biosynthesized until now. This study was first conducted to verify the role of ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs, the two RNR subunits, RNRL and RNRM) in the biosynthesis of cordycepin by over expressing RNRs genes in transformed C. militaris. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blotting results showed that the mRNA and protein levels of RNR subunit genes were significantly upregulated in transformant C. militaris strains compared to the control strain. The results of the HPLC assay indicated that the cordycepin was significantly higher in the C. militaris transformants carrying RNRM than in the wild-type strain, whereas the RNRML was preferentially downregulated. For the C. militaris transformant carrying RNRL, the content of cordycepin wasn't remarkably changed. Furthermore, we revealed that inhibiting RNRs with Triapine (3-AP) almost abrogated the upregulation of cordycepin. Therefore, our results suggested that RNRM can probably directly participate in cordycepin biosynthesis by hydrolyzing adenosine, which is useful for improving cordycepin synthesis and helps to satisfy the commercial demand of cordycepin in the field of medicine.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872388

ABSTRACT

General hospitals play an important role in the prevention and control of emerging infectious diseases, making it imperative to stand by for outbreaks of epidemics in peacetime. This study analyzed the necessity of the mechanism of adapting these hospitals to both peacetime and wartime against emerging infectious diseases. In addition, the authors identified existing problems in dealing with emerging infectious diseases, and put forward corresponding suggestions: readiness in the conversion into epidemic-control; strengthened comprehensive prevention and control of nosocomial infection; strengthened construction of epidemic prevention teambuilding; an emergency material supply guarantee mechanism; an optimized monitoring and early warning mechanism; enhanced risk management and joint prevention and control.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871864

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analysis the expression level and clinical value of serum exosomal miR-744-5p in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:Retrospective study. A total of 183 subjects, including 92 NSCLC patients and 91 healthy controls, were recruited from Nanfang Hospital Affiliated to Southern Medical University from November 2016 to February 2018. Exosomes were extracted using ExoQuick and the total RNA was extracted from the exosomes.The expression level of serum exosomal miR-744-5p was assessed by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The diagnostic efficiency of exosomal miR-744-5p was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:The qRT-PCR results revealed that the expression level of serum exosomal miR-744-5p in patients with NSCLC (0.012 2±0.019 7) was significantly lower than that in the healthy control (0.093 6±0.081 9), and the difference was statistically significant ( U=553.5, P<0.001). Furthermore, the level of miR-744-5p in patients with early stage (stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ) lung cancer(0.011 7±0.013 9) was significantly different, when compared to healthy controls ( U=72.5, P<0.001). The exosomal level of miR-744-5p in samples (0.010 6±0.020 3) was lower than that in squamous cell carcinoma serum (0.017 3±0.017 8) , and the difference was statistically significant ( U=394.5, P<0.001). The ROC curve revealed that miR-744-5p expression can be a significant biomarker to discriminate between normal and NSCLC cases, with an area under the ROC curve of 0.933 9 (95 %CI=0.899 6-0.968 1, P<0.000 1). MiR-744-5p can effectively diagnose early stage NSCLC, with an area under the ROC curve of 0.943 1 (95 %CI=0.883 7-1.000 0, P<0.000 1). Conclusion:The serum exosomal miR-744-5p could serve as a non-invasive biomarker for the diagnosis of NSCLC, but further comparative research and expanded verification are needed.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871863

ABSTRACT

Extracellular vesicles (EVs), one of the basic ways of intercellular interactions, carry a large number of biological substances and show great potential in disease diagnosis and treatment. Compared with tissue biopsy, its detection has the advantages of non-invasive, convenient sampling and real-time monitoring. Therefore, the research and clinical application of EVs biomarkers have become an international research hotspot. In order to encourage the development of screening and detection technologies for EVs biomarkers, effectively improve the accuracy of EVs biomarker diagnosis, and promote the transformation of EVs biomarker research results into the clinical application of disease, this review summarizes the significance of EVs in disease diagnosis and its biomarker screening strategy and clinical validation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870019

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the insulin resistance of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) by hyperinsulin-euglycemic clamp test, and to explore the characteristics of glycolipid metabolism and sex hormone levels in PCOS patients with insulin resistance.Methods:Seventy-three patients with PCOS and 27 healthy women with body mass index and age matched with PCOS patients who were admitted to the Department of Endocrinology of Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from July 2017 to February 2019 were underwent hyperinsulin-euglycemic clamp test. All subjects were grouped according to glucose metabolic rate, body mass index, and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), the changes and differences of glucose and lipid metabolism and sex hormone indexes in PCOS patients were analyzed.Results:In the PCOS group, impaired glucose regulation accounted for 3.23% (1/31), and abnormal lipid metabolism for 9.68% (3/31). In the PCOS with insulin resistance group, impaired glucose regulation accounted for 7.14% (3/42). Abnormal blood lipid metabolism reached 47.62% (20/42), and 5 patients were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome, accounting for 11.90%. Correlation analysis showed glucose metabolic rate and body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, systolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, cortisol, triglyceride, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), free androgen index (FAI), and glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) were negatively correlated(all P<0.05), while positively correlated with high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C; P=0.028). HOMA-IR was positively correlated with body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, systolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, HbA 1C, LDL-C ( P<0.05), and negatively correlated with glucose metabolic rate and HDL-C ( P<0.05). Body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio, systolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, triglyceride, and LDL-C ( P<0.05) were positively correlated, and negatively correlated with glucose metabolic rate, HDL-C, and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG; P<0.01). Multivariate linear stepwise regression analysis showed that body mass index, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and cortisol were principal factors affecting glucose metabolic rate. Fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, and systolic blood pressure were important factors influencing HOMA-IR. Glucose metabolic rate, HOMA-IR, HDL-C, while SHBG were still vital to body mass index. Conclusion:FAI, SHBG, and cortisol may be involved in the insulin resistance development of PCOS patients, and PCOS patients with insulin resistance were more susceptible to metabolic disorders.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868076

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze hepatic hemodynamic parameters detected by Doppler ultrasound (DU) of uncomplicated children who underwent left lateral segment(LLS) LDLT (LLS-LDLT), explore their change trends over time and determine the normal reference intervals.Methods:This retrospective study involved the data from 261 pediatric LLS-LDLT cases in Tianjin First Central Hospital from June 2014 to January 2018. Hemodynamic parameters included peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV), resistivity index (RI), and pulsation index (PI) of hepatic artery (HA), and portal vein velocity (PVV) during intra-operative and on the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th days after operation were collected. Among whom, 232 cases with uncomplicated and normal recovery were finally involved in our study, with 200 cases who were collected from June 2014 to August 2017 as test group. Those collected from September 2017 to January 2018, totally 32 cases were set as validation group. The change trends and normal ranges of hemodynamic parameters over time were analyzed in test group, and the results were further tested in the validation group.Results:In the test group, PSV HA, EDV HA showed a similar change trend at one week after surgery, with an overall decrease-rise trend; RI HA, PI HA also changed similarly with an overall rise-decrease trend. PVV at surgery was lower than at all time points after surgery. In addition, this study provided the normal reference intervals of hemodynamic parameters for LDLT patients at early postoperative period, which at intra-operation they were PSV HA 18.4-98.3 cm/s, EDV HA 0-43.3 cm/s, RI HA 0.41-1.0, PI HA 0.51-2.0, PVV 19.0-83.7 cm/s. Within 1 week after surgery: PSV HA 21.0-97.7 cm/s, EDV HA 0-32.7 cm/s, RI HA 0.47-1.0, PI HA 0.62-2.0, PVV 23.0-92.0 cm/s. By using those results, the coincidence rate of Doppler parameter change trend was 84.3%(27/32), 84.3%(27/32), 78.1%(25/32), 78.1%(25/32), 87.5%(28/32) for PSV HA, EDV HA, RI HA, PI HA, PVV in the validation group, respectively. As for the normal reference intervals of blood flow parameters, RI HA and PI HA in one case in the validation group were lower than the lower limits of the normal reference intervals, accounting for 3.1% of the total. PSV HA in two cases was lower than the lower limit of normal reference interval, accounting for 6.2% of the total. Conclusions:The hepatic hemodynamic in post-transplanted children detected by DU has specific changing trends and normal ranges, which provides valuable reference values for ultrasonologists and pediatric transplant clinicians.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 678-682, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867296

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether there is a correlation between right bundle branch block (RBBB) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 226 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were admitted to the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from March 2018 to July 2019 was performed. According to the results of electrocardiogram examination, they were divided into RBBB group ( n=58 patients) and non-RBBB group ( n=168 patients). The general clinical data of the two groups of patients were collected, blood lipids, liver function, renal function, coagulation function and other related indicators were measured on the fasting of the next morning. The diagnosis of NAFLD is based on ultrasound. Logistic regression analysis was performed on factors that may affect RBBB. Results:Of the 226 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 127 (56.2%) were male and 99 (43.8%) were female. The composition of male, age, diabetes duration, hypertension, fibrinogen (FIB), serum creatinine (SCr), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and NAFLD in the RBBB group was higher than that in the non-RBBB group ( P<0.05). The levels of total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and albumin (ALB) in the RBBB group were lower than those in the non-RBBB group ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that male ( OR=2.736, 95% CI: 1.075-5.251, P=0.032), advanced age ( OR=1.049, 95% CI: 1.009-1.090, P=0.016), higher serum creatinine levels ( OR=1.045, 95% CI: 1.021-1.070, P<0.001), and NAFLD ( OR=2.834, 95% CI: 1.166-6.891, P=0.022) were independent risk factors of RBBB in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Conclusions:NAFLD may be associated with an increased risk of right bundle branch block in patients with type 2 diabetes.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865177

ABSTRACT

Complete excision of the left gastroepiploic mesentery and complete dissection the No.4sb lymph nodes is the entrance and one of important steps of splenic hilar lymph node dissection. 4K laparoscopy has a higher level of surgical vision and more subtle degree of local anatomical recognition.Following the concept of mesentery anatomy and with the help of the unique advantages of 4K laparoscopy, the lymph node dissection of left gastroepiploic region is more thoroughly, the operation time is shorter, and there is no bleeding or micro-bleeding. At the same time, the maximum protection of the surrounding important organs and blood vessels, can further improve the radical and safety of the operation. The authors investigate the lymph node dissection along the left gastroepiploic vessels region from intermediate approach in 4K laparoscopic radical gastrectomy.

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