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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 52-58, July. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283505

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis attacks approximately 10% of the population worldwide. Sika Deer (Cervus nippon), one of China's precious traditional medicinal animals, has been widely recorded in ancient Chinese medical books and claimed for centuries to have numerous medical benefits including bone strengthening. This study aimed to find the use of Sika Deer bone in treating osteoporosis according to traditional records and to investigate the protective effect of Sika Deer bone polypeptide extract on glucocorticoidinduced osteoporosis (GIOP) in rats. RESULTS: Sika Deer bone polypeptide extract could increase serum Ca2+ and BGP, decrease serum P3+, ALP, PTH, and CT, but had no effect on serum NO in rats with GIOP. The immunohistochemical iNOS results of the rats' distal femur were negative in each group. Besides the model group, the eNOS color reaction in osteoblasts was strongly positive in the other three groups. CONCLUSIONS: Sika Deer bone polypeptide extract can improve pathological changes in the microstructure and stimulate the expression of eNOS in osteoblasts. The protective effect on bone might be mediated by eNOS-dependent NO generation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Osteoporosis/prevention & control , Peptides/pharmacology , Bone and Bones/metabolism , Deer , Osteoblasts , Dexamethasone , Rats, Wistar , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/drug effects
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily explore the effects of tumor treating fields (TTF) arrays on the dose distribution in the treatment of Glioblastoma (GBM) using combined radiotherapy and concurrent TTF.Methods:EDR2 and MatriXX plate ionization chamber were employed to measure the absorbed doses of tissues at different depths (< 1 mm, 3 mm, 5 mm, 1 cm, 1.5 cm, 3 cm, 5 cm, 10 cm, and 15 cm) in the case that TTF arrays and latex-free foam were attached and not attached on the surface. Then the absorbed doses were calculated, compared, and analyzed. For the volumetric arc therapy (VMAT) of 10 GBM patients, deep dose verification was performed using the Sun Nuclear ArcCheck 3D dose verification system and the D99%, Dmean, and D1% of tumors and OARs were assessed. Results:The surface dose increased by 173% in the case that TTF arrays and latex-free foam were attached to the surface compared with the case of the surface with nothing attached. The surface dose increased by 61.7% due to the attachment of low-density latex-free foam. The dose deviation gradually decreased with an increase in the depth and stabilized (about 4%) at a depth of greater than 1.5 cm. As indicated by the VMAT verification result, the D99%, Dmean, and D1% of PTV and CTV decreased by 1.1%-1.2% and the Dmean and D1% of OARs (i.e., brainstem, pituitary gland, optic chiasma, optic nerve, eyeball, and eye crystal) decreased by 0.7%-1.5% in the case that TTF array and latex-free foam were attached on the surface compared with the case the surface with nothing attached. Conclusions:The combined radiotherapy and concurrent TTF in the GBM treatment will lead to a slight reduction of the absorbed doses of targets and OARs but a significant increase in the absorbed doses of the scalp. Therefore, it is recommended that the scalp doses should be reduced as far as possible in the design of the radiation treatment plan to reduce the adverse reactions on the scalp of GBM patients.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897432

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#An effective biomarker for the diagnosis of breast cancer (BC) and benign breast diseases (BBD) is crucial for improving the prognosis. We investigated whether N6-methyladenosine (m6A) can be a diagnostic biomarker of BC. @*Materials and Methods@#We detected the contents of peripheral blood m6A in 62 patients with BC, 41 patients with BBD, and 41 normal controls (NCs) using the colorimetric method. The relative expression of the m6A regulated genes methyltransferase-like 14 (METTL14) and fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) was analyzed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. @*Results@#m6A in peripheral blood RNA was significantly higher in patients with BC than that in patients with BBD (p < 0.001) or the NCs (p < 0.001). m6A was closely associated with the disease stage (from stage 0 to stage I-IV, p=0.003). The receiver operating characteristic curve of m6A contained an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.887 in BC, which was greater than that of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) or carbohydrate antigen 153 (CA153). The combination of m6A, CEA, and CA153 improved the AUC to 0.914. The upregulated and downregulated mRNA expression of METTL14 and FTO, respectively, might contribute to the increase of m6A in patients with BC. m6A combined with METTL14 and FTO improved the AUC to 0.929 with a specificity of 97.4% in the peripheral blood of patients with BC. @*Conclusion@#The peripheral blood RNA of m6A might be a valuable biomarker for the diagnosis of BC.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889728

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#An effective biomarker for the diagnosis of breast cancer (BC) and benign breast diseases (BBD) is crucial for improving the prognosis. We investigated whether N6-methyladenosine (m6A) can be a diagnostic biomarker of BC. @*Materials and Methods@#We detected the contents of peripheral blood m6A in 62 patients with BC, 41 patients with BBD, and 41 normal controls (NCs) using the colorimetric method. The relative expression of the m6A regulated genes methyltransferase-like 14 (METTL14) and fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) was analyzed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. @*Results@#m6A in peripheral blood RNA was significantly higher in patients with BC than that in patients with BBD (p < 0.001) or the NCs (p < 0.001). m6A was closely associated with the disease stage (from stage 0 to stage I-IV, p=0.003). The receiver operating characteristic curve of m6A contained an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.887 in BC, which was greater than that of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) or carbohydrate antigen 153 (CA153). The combination of m6A, CEA, and CA153 improved the AUC to 0.914. The upregulated and downregulated mRNA expression of METTL14 and FTO, respectively, might contribute to the increase of m6A in patients with BC. m6A combined with METTL14 and FTO improved the AUC to 0.929 with a specificity of 97.4% in the peripheral blood of patients with BC. @*Conclusion@#The peripheral blood RNA of m6A might be a valuable biomarker for the diagnosis of BC.

5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 300-305, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879751

ABSTRACT

We performed this study to investigate the diagnostic performance of prostate-specific antigen density (PSAD) in a multicenter cohort of the Chinese Prostate Cancer Consortium. Outpatients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels ≥4.0 ng ml

6.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Sep; 16(5): 1134-1139
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213768

ABSTRACT

Objective: The hemoglobin, albumin, lymphocyte, and platelet (HALP) score, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are the important prognostic markers in some tumor types. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic impact of pretreatment using HALP, NLR, and PLR for patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), who were undergoing chemotherapy. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, 335 patients with SCLC were included between 2016 and 2018. The cutoff values for HALP, NLR, and PLR were defined using X-tile software. Survival was analyzed by the Kaplan–Meier method, with differences analyzed through the log-rank test. The multivariate Cox proportional hazard model was used to evaluate the prognostic significance of HALP, NLR, and PLR for SCLC. Results: The median follow-up period was 27.1 months (range: 0.5–46.2 months). Based on the Kaplan–Meier curve analysis, it was noticed that the low pretreatment HALP (≤18.6), high pretreatment NLR (>2.4), and high PLR (>191.6) were significantly associated with worse overall survival (OS) (P = 0.009, 0.001, and 0.033, respectively). Cox multivariate analysis demonstrated that low pretreatment HALP and high pretreatment NLR were the independent prognostic factors for worse OS (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.468, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.004–2.146, P = 0.047; HR = 0.722, 95% CI: 0.542–0.960, P = 0.025, respectively). Conclusion: HALP and NLR were the independent prognostic factors of OS for SCLC patients undergoing chemotherapy

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827713

ABSTRACT

Waardenburg syndrome (WS), also known as auditorypigmentary syndrome, is characterized by non-progressive sensorineural hearing loss and anomalous pigmentation. Its mode of inheritance is either autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive. So far only PAX3, MITF, SOX10 and EDNRB mutations have been identified among Chinese patients with WS. This review has provided an update for WS-related genes, mutation databases, molecular and functional data, and a discussion over the molecular diagnosis of WS.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871313

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the possible molecular mechanism of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 E6 protein in promoting the proliferation, invasion and migration of cervical cancer cells.Methods:C33A cells were infected with HPV E6 protein overexpression lentivirus to construct a stable C33A-E6 cell line. The expression of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. Degradation rates of HSP70 at mRNA and protein levels were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot at different time points after actinomycin D (ActD) and actinomycin ketone (CHX) treatment. Exosomes were extracted by hypervelocity centrifugation and the concentrations of HSP70 in exosomes were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10 in the supernatants of THP-1 cell culture that treated with exosomes isolated from C33A and C33A-E6 cells after interfering HSP70 expression were detected by ELISA. C33A cells were co-cultured with exosome-treated THP-1 cells to evaluate the changes in cell proliferation with CCK-8 method. The invasion and migration of C33A cells were assessed by Transwell assay.Results:Compared with the C33A cells, the expression of HSP70 at mRNA level in C33A-E6 cells was significantly increased ( P<0.05), but no significant change was observed at the protein level ( P>0.05). No significant difference in the degradation rate of HSP70 at mRNA or protein level was detected between C33A and C33A-E6 groups after treating with ActD and CHX for different times, but the concentration of HSP70 in exosomes was significantly increased in the C33A-E6 group ( P<0.001). The exosomes secreted by C33A-E6 cells could enhance the secretion of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-10 by THP-1 cells ( P<0.001), and the THP-1 cells treated with the exosomes could promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of C33A cells ( P<0.001). However, interfering the expression of HSP70 in C33A-E6 cells could significantly reduce the secretion of IL-6 and IL-10 by exosome-treated THP-1 cells, and inhibit the THP-1 cell-induced proliferation, migration and invasion of C33A cells ( P<0.001). Conclusions:High-risk HPV 16 E6 protein upregulated the level of HSP70 in the exosomes secreted by cervical cancer cells, thereby promoting the secretion of IL-6 and IL-10 by macrophages and enhancing the macrophage-induced proliferation, migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825693

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influence of Lesbian's adverse childhood experience(ACE) on their smoking behavior. Methods The self-designed electronic questionnaire is used to conduct online questionnaire survey through wechat or QQ. Results A total of 294 lesbians were investigated and analyzed. 55.78% of them reported ACE experience, 33.33% of them reported abuse experience, 24.49% reported neglect experience, 32.65% reported family dysfunction experience. 55.10% of them reported smoking in the last 30 days, and the smoking rate of those with ACE experience (61.58%) was higher than those without ACE experience (46.92%), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05); There was significant difference in smoking rate among family dysfunction in ACE (69.79% vs 47.98%, P<0.01) .Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that ACE experience (especially family dysfunction dimension) was a risk factor of smoking in lesbians. Conclusion Lesbians have higher ACE experience and smoking rate, and ACE is an important risk factor of smoking among lesbians.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823122

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the psychological and behavioral status and influencing factors of college students during the epidemic of COVID-19 in Wuhan. Methods The students from two universities in Wuhan area were selected by stratified cluster sampling, and the self-designed questionnaires were used to conduct the online survey. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 22.0. Results Among 3 966 college students surveyed in this study, the proportion of students in Wuhan who thought that their own infection probability was higher than others (11.25%), that their family members were more likely to be infected (15.29%), that they were very worried about their own infection (22.93%), that they were very worried about the infections in the same community (25.27%), and that their own infection risk was higher than others (9.77%), was higher than those of students in other three regions. The total incidence of depression was 27.10%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the humanities and social science majors living in the city, worrying about the infection of themselves and their families, feeling that they had a higher chance of infection than other, being not optimistic about the epidemic situation, and thinking that the infection had a great impact on people's emotions were the risk factors of depression during the epidemic. Conclusion College students in Wuhan had psychological and behavioral problems during the COVID-19 epidemic. These problems were related to whether they were located in the epidemic area and whether they were worried about infections.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821650

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the status of knowledge, attitude and practice on echinococcosis prevention and control and investigate their influencing factors among residents living in Seda County of Sichuan Province, so as to provide a scientific basis for the further implementation of health education interventions in the county. Methods A multi-stage stratified random sampling method was employed on September 2018. Ten townships were randomly sampled, and 2 to 3 administrative villages were randomly sampled from each township. Then, 20 to 40 households were randomly sampled from each village, and 1 to 2 villagers were investigated in each household. The knowledge, attitude and practice on echinococcosis prevention and control were investigated using a household questionnaire survey, and the factors affecting the qualification of echinococcosis prevention and control knowledge were identified using chi-square test and logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 760 questionnaires were assigned, and 748 effective questionnaires were recovered, with a recovery rate of 98.42%. The overall qualification rate of echinococcosis prevention and control knowledge was 56.42% (422/748) in residents living in Seda County, and the awareness of the question “How to get echinococcosis?” was only 48.40%. The proportion of subjects with a positive attitude towards echinococcosis prevention and control was 64.71% to 94.79%, and the rate of corrected echinococcosis prevention and control behaviors was 10.40% to 82.45%. Univariate analysis showed that factors affecting the qualification rate of echinococcosis prevention and control knowledge included gender, occupation, education level, frequency of echinococcosis screening and frequency of health education (all P < 0.05), and binary logistic regression analysis showed that women, herdsmen as the primary occupation, an education level of primary school and below, absence of echinococcosis screening and absence of health education were factors responsible for the unqualified awareness of echinococcosis prevention and control knowledge (all P < 0.05). Conclusions There is a low awareness rate of echinococcosis prevention and control knowledge and a low proportion of corrected echinococcosis prevention and control behaviors in residents living in Seda County, Sichuan Province. Multiple forms of health education activities pertaining to echinococcosis prevention and control are needed with adaptation to local circumstance, and implementation of appropriate behavioral interventions is recommended.

12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(5): e9330, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098112

ABSTRACT

The development of chemotherapy resistance significantly impairs the efficiency of chemotherapy, but the underlying mechanisms of chemotherapy resistance in gastric cancer (GC) are complicated and still need to be further explored. Here, we aimed to reveal the effects of miR-4290/PDK1 (pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1) axis on chemotherapy resistance of GC in vitro. The expression patterns of miR-4290 in GC tissues and cell lines were determined by real-time quantitative PCR. Kaplan-Meier was used to assess the relationship between miR-4290 expression levels and patients' overall survival. CCK-8 and flow cytometry technologies were applied to detect cell proliferation and apoptosis. The luciferase gene reporter assay was used to evaluate the interaction between miR-4290 and PDK1. miR-4290 was lowly expressed in GC tissues and cell lines, which was closely associated with the shorter overall survival of GC patients. miR-4290 mimics significantly inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis, as well as induced a significant reduction in the expression of PDK1. Moreover, miR-4290 significantly inhibited glycolysis and decreased the IC50 value to cisplatin in SGC7901 cells, whereas these effects were abolished and cell apoptosis was promoted when PDK1 was overexpressed. In conclusion, this study revealed that miR-4290 suppressed PDK1-mediated glycolysis to enhance the sensitivity of GC cells to cisplatin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Acetyl-Transferring Kinase/metabolism , Glycolysis/genetics , Transfection , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Flow Cytometry , Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Acetyl-Transferring Kinase/genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744585

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the clinical and pathogen characteristics of community acquired bloodstream infection(CABSI)for improving empirical antimicrobial therapy. Methods The clinical and laboratory findings of 193 CABSI cases in the Fifth Affiliated(Zhuhai)Hospital of Zunyi Medical College from 2013 to 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Results Of the193 CABSI cases, 97.9%(189/193)had underlying diseases and/or risk factors. Primary site of infection was identified in 81.3%(157/193)of the patients. The top three primary site of infection was urinary tract(39.5%, 62/157), hepatobiliary system(22.9%, 36/157)and lower respiratory tract(20.4%, 32/157). The top pathogens included Escherichia coli(47.2%), Klebsiella pneumoniae(15.0%), coagulase-negative Staphylococcus(10.4%), and Streptococcus spp.(7.8%). All the E. coli and K. pneumoniae strains were susceptible to carbapenems. More than 90% of the E. coli and K. pneumoniae strains were susceptible to piperacillin-tazobactam and amikacin. About 54.9%(50/91)of the E. coli and 27.6%(8/29)of the K. pneumoniae strains produced extended-spectrum β-lactamases(ESBLs). No vancomycin-resistant gram-positive bacteria were detected. The prevalence of MRCNS and MRSA was 35.0% and 0, respectively. Conclusions Most CABSI cases had underlying diseases and/or risk factors. The common primary site of infection associated with secondary bloodstream infection is urinary tract, hepatobiliary system, and lower respirtaory tract. Enterobacteriaceae strains are the main pathogen of CABSI.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905581

ABSTRACT

This paper reviewed the relevant literatures on physical therapy for post-stroke limb spasticity from Chinese Hospital Knowledge Database (CHKD) and PubMed since 2011, and summarized the pathology, examination, physiotherapy strategies and various physiotherapy methods. The physical therapy mainly included physical factor therapy, kinesiotherapy and manipulation therapy. It is necessary to optimize the selection of physical therapy strategies in clinical practice to improve efficiency of rehabilitation.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905558

ABSTRACT

This paper reviewed the relevant literatures on physical therapy for post-stroke limb spasticity from Chinese Hospital Knowledge Database (CHKD) and PubMed since 2011, and summarized the pathology, examination, physiotherapy strategies and various physiotherapy methods. The physical therapy mainly included physical factor therapy, kinesiotherapy and manipulation therapy. It is necessary to optimize the selection of physical therapy strategies in clinical practice to improve efficiency of rehabilitation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816323

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the distribution and pathogenicity of 27 HPV(Human papillomavirus)subtypes in cervical lesions.METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out in 5735 patients with cervical lesions admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January 2015 to July 2017,including 997 cases of cervicitis,1568 cases of LSIL(low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion),2576 cases of HSIL(high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion)and 594 cases of cervical cancer. The HPV subtypes,histopathological results and ages were obtained for analysis.RESULTS: The positive rates of HPV in cervicitis group,LSIL,HSIL group and cervical cancer group were 57.0%,78.3%,90.5%,and 93.9%(P<0.05)respectively. The five most prevalent HPV types in cervicitis and LSIL group were 52,53,16,58 and 18;in HSIL and cervical cancer they were 16,52,58,33 and 18. The cumulative attribution rates of HPV16,18,58,52,33,31 and 45 in cervicitis,LSIL,HSIL and cervical cancer were 22.2%,38.4%,68.4% and 80.1%,respectively. The incidence of cervical cancer after HPV16,31 and 45 infection was 27.7,14.3 and8.2 times higher than that of cervicitis. Among the 36 cervical cancer tissue samples with negative HPV,8 cases were detected positive by HPV E6/E7 DNA detection.CONCLUSION: HPV16,18,58,52,33,31 and 45 have a high prevalence,cumulative attribution rates and risk values in patients with squamous intraepithelial lesions and cervical cancer. The above-mentioned subtypes of HPV should be included in the prevention and screening of cervical cancer.HPV E6/E7 DNA detection may be a reliable assay for HPV-based screening for prevention of cervical cancer.

17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 196-204, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777196

ABSTRACT

Cell-to-cell connections provide conduits for signal exchanges, and play important functional roles in physiological and pathological processes of multicellular organisms. Membrane nanotubes are common long-distance connections between cells, not only transfer molecule signals and mitochondria, but also cooperate with gap junction and other cell-to-cell communications to transfer signals. During the last decade, there are many studies about membrane nanotubes, which focus on the similarities and differences between membrane nanotubes and other cell-to-cell communications, as well as their biological functions. In the present review, we summarized the latest findings about the structural diversity, the similarities and differences in signal transmission with other types of cell-to-cell communications, and physiological and pathological roles of membrane nanotubes.


Subject(s)
Cell Communication , Cell Membrane , Physiology , Gap Junctions , Physiology , Humans , Mitochondria , Physiology , Nanotubes
18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 225-234, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777193

ABSTRACT

The autonomic nervous system consists of the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system. These two systems control the heart and work in a reciprocal fashion to modulate myocardial energy metabolism, heart rate as well as blood pressure. Multiple cardiac pathological conditions are accompanied by autonomic imbalance, characterized by sympathetic overactivation and parasympathetic inhibition. Studies have shown that overactive sympathetic nervous system leads to increased cardiac inflammatory reaction. Orchestrated inflammatory response serves to clear dead cardiac tissue and activate reparative process, whereas excessive inflammation may result in pathological cardiac remodeling. Since the discovery of the α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR)-mediated cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway (CAP), the protective effects of the parasympathetic nervous system in cardiac inflammation have attracted more attention recently. In this review, we summarized the role and underlying mechanisms of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems in cardiac inflammation, in order to provide new insight into cardiac inflammatory response in cardiovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Autonomic Nervous System , Physiology , Heart , Humans , Inflammation , Parasympathetic Nervous System , Physiology , alpha7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor , Physiology
19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 562-574, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777155

ABSTRACT

The influence of reward on behavior is one of the hottest research subjects in psychological research. Reward-induced motivation promotes the performance of the participants. In the field of emotional processing, the reward can influence the individual's processing of emotional information, but previous studies have not directly discussed the effect of reward on emotional regulation. The present study focused on whether emotional regulation ability would be improved under the reward condition. Experiment 1 and 2 investigated the effect of reward on negative emotional down-regulation and positive emotional up-regulation respectively. In experiment 1, monetary reward stimulation was introduced on the basis of the classic emotion regulation paradigm, and the subjects were asked to regulate their negative emotion under the condition of reward or non-reward, and evaluate their current affective state subsequently. Similar to experiment 1, experiment 2 required subjects to up-regulate positive emotions under the condition of reward or non-reward. The results of experiment 1 showed that under the reward condition, the negative emotional regulation effect was significantly higher than that under the non-reward condition (P < 0.05). Experiment 2 also showed that compared to non-reward condition, the positive emotion regulation effect was significantly increased under the reward condition (P < 0.05). These results suggested that compared to non-reward condition, participants can regulate their emotion better under the condition of the reward. It is worth noting that the results of Experiment 1 and 2 may be caused by the incentive motivation induced by monetary stimulus, or the positive emotion caused by positive value of money information. Therefore, we carried out experiment 3 and 4 to explore whether the positive emotions induced by money itself can influence the emotional regulation of individuals. In experiment 3, the money pictures were used to induce the positive emotions of subjects, and the subjects were asked to regulate their negative emotion after the presence of money pictures or non-monetary picture, and evaluate their current affective state subsequently. Similarly, experiment 4 required subjects to regulate their positive emotion after the presence of money pictures. The results of experiment 3 and 4 showed that there was no significant difference in the subjects' scores of emotional pleasantness after the presence of money pictures or non-monetary picture (P < 0.05). The results of experiment 3 and 4 excluded the possibility that the positive emotions induced by simple money stimulus pictures could improve individual's emotional regulation ability. To sum up, the improvement of individual's emotional regulation ability was indeed driven by reward motivation in this study, that is, the motivation induced by reward can effectively promote individual's emotional regulation ability.


Subject(s)
Emotions , Humans , Motivation , Reward
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776121

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare computer measurement semi automatic quantitative detection software system with ultra thin layer pathological section to confirm the avascular necrosis percentage of the femoral head, and provide reference for clinical treatment options.@*METHODS@#From June 2012 to December 2013, the X-ray and MRI of 24 patients(24 hips on unilateral) were reviewed, who had avascular necrosis of the femoral head at late stage (stage III and IV) according to the ARCO international staging system, and performed by total hip arthroplasty. There were 15 males and 9 females, with an average age of (65.1±8.8) years old ranging 33 to 74 years old. Based on imaging system combined with computer aided technology(CAD) system and postoperative ultrathin slice, the volume of the area of femoral head necrosis were calculated. Then combining with the total volume of the femoral head was calculated by X-ray, the percentage of each femoral head necrosis area was calculated as a percentage of the whole ball head in both methods.@*RESULTS@#For 24 hips, the normal femoral head volume was (39.58±3.29) cm³ on average of X-ray film, the necrotic volume was (20.00±3.04) cm³ on average of MRI by the calculation of computer. The necrotic volume occupying in the volume of the normal femoral head was (42.92±6.09)% on average ranged. The necrotic lesion size was larger than 40% in 16 hips, 30% to 40% in 8 hips, 1 ess than 30% in 0 hip. Under the pathological section, the necrosis volume was (19.89±3.17) cm³, the necrotic volume occupying in the volume of the normal femoral head was (40.33±6.36)%. The necrotic lesion size was larger than 40% in 12 hips, 30% to 40% in 11 hips, 1 ess than 30% in 1 hip. In computer and general measurement, the two entire femoral head volume difference was (0.113±0.466) cm³, there was no significant difference using these measurements(=-1.186, =0.248). After the linear correlation statistics analysis, there was a positive correlation relationship in necrotic volume between computer software and pathology measurement(γ=0.980, =0.000).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The severity of the necrotic femoral head is closely related to the percentage of necrotic area. When the ratio of necrotic lesions and the whole femoral head is greater than 30%, the patients' clinical symptoms tend to aggravate, the probability of total hip arthroplasty increased significantly. It have great significances in femoral head necrosis installment, judge the prognosis, guide the selection of treatment and monitoring curative effect.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Femur , Femur Head , Femur Head Necrosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Follow-Up Studies , Hip , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
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