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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875570

ABSTRACT

Cushing syndrome (CS) is rare in pregnancy, and few cases have been reported to date. Women with untreated CS rarely become pregnant because of the ovulatory dysfunction induced by hypercortisolism. It is difficult to diagnose CS in pregnancy because of its very low incidence, the overlap between the clinical signs of hypercortisolism and the physiological changes that occur during pregnancy and the changes in hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis activity that occur during pregnancy and limit the value of standard diagnostic testing. However, CS in pregnancy is associated with poor maternal and fetal outcomes; therefore, its early diagnosis and treatment are important. Here, we report two patients with CS that was not diagnosed during pregnancy, in whom maternal and fetal morbidity developed because of hypercortisolism.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786213

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Antiarrhythmic effect of renal denervation (RDN) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains unclear. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of RDN on ventricular arrhythmia (VA) after AMI in a porcine model.METHODS: Twenty pigs were randomly divided into 2 groups based on RDN (RDN, n=10; Sham, n=10). After implanting a loop recorder, AMI was induced by occlusion of the middle left anterior descending coronary artery. Catheter-based RDN was performed for each renal artery immediately after creating AMI. Sham procedure used the same method, but a radiofrequency current was not delivered. Electrocardiography was monitored for 1 hour to observe VA. One week later, the animals were euthanized and the loop recorder data were analyzed.RESULTS: Ventricular fibrillation event rate and the interval from AMI creation to first VA in acute phase were not different between the 2 groups. However, the incidence of premature ventricular complex (PVC) was lower in the RDN than in the Sham. Additionally, RDN inhibited prolongation of the corrected QT (QTc) interval after AMI. The frequency of non-sustained or sustained ventricular tachycardia, arrhythmic death was lower in the RDN group in the early period.CONCLUSIONS: RDN reduced the incidence of PVC, inhibited prolongation of the QTc interval, and reduced VA in the early period following an AMI. These results suggest that RDN might be a therapeutic option in patients with electrical instability after AMI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Autonomic Denervation , Coronary Vessels , Denervation , Electrocardiography , Humans , Incidence , Methods , Myocardial Infarction , Renal Artery , Swine , Tachycardia, Ventricular , Ventricular Fibrillation , Ventricular Premature Complexes
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832996

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#Antiarrhythmic effect of renal denervation (RDN) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains unclear. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of RDN on ventricular arrhythmia (VA) after AMI in a porcine model.@*METHODS@#Twenty pigs were randomly divided into 2 groups based on RDN (RDN, n=10; Sham, n=10). After implanting a loop recorder, AMI was induced by occlusion of the middle left anterior descending coronary artery. Catheter-based RDN was performed for each renal artery immediately after creating AMI. Sham procedure used the same method, but a radiofrequency current was not delivered. Electrocardiography was monitored for 1 hour to observe VA. One week later, the animals were euthanized and the loop recorder data were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Ventricular fibrillation event rate and the interval from AMI creation to first VA in acute phase were not different between the 2 groups. However, the incidence of premature ventricular complex (PVC) was lower in the RDN than in the Sham. Additionally, RDN inhibited prolongation of the corrected QT (QTc) interval after AMI. The frequency of non-sustained or sustained ventricular tachycardia, arrhythmic death was lower in the RDN group in the early period.@*CONCLUSIONS@#RDN reduced the incidence of PVC, inhibited prolongation of the QTc interval, and reduced VA in the early period following an AMI. These results suggest that RDN might be a therapeutic option in patients with electrical instability after AMI.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764979

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have worse clinical outcomes than those with stable coronary artery disease despite revascularization. Non-culprit lesions of AMI also involve more adverse cardiovascular events. This study aimed to investigate the influence of AMI on endothelial function, neointimal progression, and inflammation in target and non-target vessels. METHODS: In castrated male pigs, AMI was induced by balloon occlusion and reperfusion into the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Everolimus-eluting stents (EES) were implanted in the LAD and left circumflex (LCX) artery 2 days after AMI induction. In the control group, EES were implanted in the LAD and LCX in a similar fashion without AMI induction. Endothelial function was assessed using acetylcholine infusion before enrollment, after the AMI or sham operation, and at 1 month follow-up. A histological examination was conducted 1 month after stenting. RESULTS: A total of 10 pigs implanted with 20 EES in the LAD and LCX were included. Significant paradoxical vasoconstriction was assessed after acetylcholine challenge in the AMI group compared with the control group. In the histologic analysis, the AMI group showed a larger neointimal area and larger area of stenosis than the control group after EES implantation. Peri-strut inflammation and fibrin formation were significant in the AMI group without differences in injury score. The non-target vessel of the AMI also showed similar findings to the target vessel compared with the control group. CONCLUSION: In the pig model, AMI events induced endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, and neointimal progression in the target and non-target vessels.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholine , Arteries , Balloon Occlusion , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Artery Disease , Drug-Eluting Stents , Endothelium , Fibrin , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Inflammation , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Reperfusion , Stents , Swine , Vasoconstriction
5.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 144-149, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763291

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of fimasartan/amlodipine fixed-dosed combination (F/A) on left ventricle (LV) systolic function and infarct size in the rat myocardial infarction (MI) model. We induced MI in 20 rats by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery and they were divided into two groups [MI group (n=10) vs. MI+F/A 10 mg/kg group (n=10)]. F/A was administered for 28 days between day-7 and day-35 in the MI+F/A group and echocardiography was performed at day-7 and at day-35 after the induction of MI. Picrosirius red staining was performed to confirm the fibrotic tissue and infarct size was measured using image analysis program for Image J. At the 35-day follow-up, the LV ejection fraction (EF) was significantly higher (38.10±3.92% vs. 29.86±4.56%, p<0.001) and delta (day-35 minus day-7) EF was significantly higher (0.14±2.66% vs. −8.53±2.66%. p<0.001) in the MI+F/A group than the MI group. Systolic blood pressure was significantly lower in the MI+F/A group than the MI group (103.23±13.35 mmHg vs. 123.43±14.82 mmHg, p<0.01). The MI+F/A group had a smaller infarct size (26.84±5.31% vs. 36.79±3.10%, p<0.01) than the MI group at the 35-day follow-up. Oral administration of F/A 10 mg/kg could improve LV systolic function and reduce infarct size in a rat MI model.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Animals , Blood Pressure , Calcium Channel Blockers , Coronary Vessels , Echocardiography , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Ventricles , Ligation , Myocardial Infarction , Rats , Ventricular Remodeling
6.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 109-115, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763275

ABSTRACT

We evaluated the efficacy of fimasartan on perfusion defects and infarction size in an animal model of myocardial infarction (MI), with echocardiography and positron emission tomography (PET) using a ¹⁸F-labeled phosphonium cation (5-[¹⁸F]-fluoropentyl-triphenylphosphonium salt, [¹⁸F]FPTP) as a mitochondrial voltage sensor for myocardial imaging. We induced MI in 33 rats by ligation of the left coronary artery, and checked their cardiac PET image using [¹⁸F]FPTP for evaluation of myocardial perfusion. Rats were grouped into 3 groups according to their administered drugs: no drug (n=11), fimasartan 3 mg/kg (n=10), and fimasartan 10 mg/kg (n=12). Each designated drug was administered for 4 weeks, and follow-up PET and histologic examinations were done. In the PET analysis, a perfusion defect size was markedly improved in fimasartan 10 mg/kg group (35.9±7.0% to 28.4±6.9%, p<0.001), whereas treatment with fimasartan 3 mg/kg induced only an insignificant reduction of perfusion defect size (35.9±7.9% to 33.9±7.3%, p=0.095). Using 2, 3, 5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining, infarction size was the largest in the control group (36.5±8.3%), and was insignificantly lower in the fimasartan 3 mg/kg group (31.5±6.5%, p for the difference between the control group=0.146) and was significantly lower in the fimasartan 10 mg/kg group (26.3±7.6%, p for the difference between the control group=0.011). PET imaging using a ¹⁸F-labeled mitochondrial voltage sensor, [¹⁸F]FPTP, is useful in evaluation and monitoring of myocardial perfusion states, and treatment with fimasartan decreases the infarction size in animal MI model.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Animals , Coronary Vessels , Echocardiography , Electrons , Follow-Up Studies , Infarction , Ligation , Models, Animal , Myocardial Infarction , Perfusion , Positron-Emission Tomography , Rats
7.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 167-172, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716579

ABSTRACT

We evaluated the effects of Ivabradine on left ventricle (LV) ejection fraction (EF) and LV infarcted tissue in the rat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion model. Twenty rats were randomly assigned to group 1 (ischemia-reperfusion, no treatment, n=10) and group 2 (ischemia-reperfusion + Ivabradine 10 mg/kg, n=10). Ivabradine was administered for 28 days. Echocardiography was performed at 7 days and at 28 days after the induction of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Cardiac fibrosis induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury was evaluated by Masson's trichrome staining. The infarct size was quantified using the Image J program. At the 28-day follow-up, LVEF was significantly higher (36.02±6.16% vs. 45.72±2.62%, p<0.001) and fractional shortening was significantly higher (15.23±2.84% vs. 20.13±1.38%, p<0.001) in group 2 than group 1. Delta (28 day minus 7 day) EF was significantly higher in group 2 than group 1 (−4.36±3.49% vs. 4.31±5.63%, p<0.001). Also, heart rate (beats/min) was significantly lower in group 2 than group 1 (251.67±25.19 vs. 199.29±31.33, p=0.025). Group 2 had a smaller infarct size (40.70±8.94% vs. 30.19±5.89%, p<0.01) than group 1 at 28-day follow-up. Oral administration of Ivabradine could improve LV systolic function and reduce infarcted tissue area in rat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion model.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Echocardiography , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Rate , Heart Ventricles , Myocardial Ischemia , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Rats , Reperfusion Injury
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728624

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have provided several lines of evidence that peripheral administration of oxytocin induces analgesia in human and rodents. However, the exact underlying mechanism of analgesia still remains elusive. In the present study, we aimed to identify which receptor could mediate the analgesic effect of intraperitoneal injection of oxytocin and its cellular mechanisms in thermal pain behavior. We found that oxytocin-induced analgesia could be reversed by d(CH₂)₅[Tyr(Me)²,Dab⁵] AVP, a vasopressin-1a (V1a) receptor antagonist, but not by desGly-NH₂-d(CH₂)₅[DTyr², Thr⁴]OVT, an oxytocin receptor antagonist. Single cell RT-PCR analysis revealed that V1a receptor, compared to oxytocin, vasopressin-1b and vasopressin-2 receptors, was more profoundly expressed in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and the expression of V1a receptor was predominant in transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1)-expressing DRG neurons. Fura-2 based calcium imaging experiments showed that capsaicin-induced calcium transient was significantly inhibited by oxytocin and that such inhibition was reversed by V1a receptor antagonist. Additionally, whole cell patch clamp recording demonstrated that oxytocin significantly increased potassium conductance via V1a receptor in DRG neurons. Taken together, our findings suggest that analgesic effects produced by peripheral administration of oxytocin were attributable to the activation of V1a receptor, resulting in reduction of TRPV1 activity and enhancement of potassium conductance in DRG neurons.


Subject(s)
Analgesia , Calcium , Diagnosis-Related Groups , Electrophysiology , Fura-2 , Ganglia, Spinal , Humans , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Neurons , Oxytocin , Potassium , Receptors, Oxytocin , Receptors, Vasopressin , Rodentia , Spinal Nerve Roots
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-57552

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a progressive bone disease that is characterized by a decrease in bone mass density and destruction of microstructure, which can lead to an increased risk of fracture. Although many studies have been published about the relationship between end-stage renal disease and osteoporosis, research on the relationship between proteinuria and the prevalence of osteoporosis is still lacking. METHODS: We assessed 91 postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes who visited our hospital from January 2009 to January 2012. RESULTS: Among 91 patients, the prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia was 35.2% (32 cases) and 32.9% (30 cases) according to bone mineral density. The patients with microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria (urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio [UACR] > or = 30) had a significantly higher incidence of osteoporosis compared to subjects with normoalbuminuria (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that UACR may be a useful biomarker for increased risk of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes who have been linked to higher UACR levels.


Subject(s)
Albumins , Bone Density , Bone Diseases , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Creatinine , Female , Humans , Incidence , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Osteoporosis , Prevalence , Proteinuria
10.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 535-539, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144657

ABSTRACT

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a genetic disease characterized by neoplastic and non-neoplastic disorders involving tissues of neuroectodermal and mesenchymal origin. NF1 is caused by mutations in the NF1 gene, which is found on chromosome 17q11.2. Patients with NF1 are at increased risk of developing soft tissue sarcomas that arise within the stromal compartment of the gastrointestinal tract, termed gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). GISTs associated with neurofibromatosis differ from sporadic GISTs, particularly with respect to their lower response rate to imatinib. We recently experienced a case involving a 45-year-old man with NF1 who was admitted to the hospital with epigastric pain and vomiting. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a duodenal GIST with pancreatic invasion. He had a base substitution mutation involving replacement of 2041 cytosine with thymine. He was treated successfully with a surgical operation and adjuvant imatinib therapy.


Subject(s)
Benzamides , Cytosine , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Gastrointestinal Tract , Genes, Neurofibromatosis 1 , Humans , Middle Aged , Neural Plate , Neurofibromatoses , Neurofibromatosis 1 , Piperazines , Pyrimidines , Sarcoma , Thymine , Vomiting , Imatinib Mesylate
11.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 535-539, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144644

ABSTRACT

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a genetic disease characterized by neoplastic and non-neoplastic disorders involving tissues of neuroectodermal and mesenchymal origin. NF1 is caused by mutations in the NF1 gene, which is found on chromosome 17q11.2. Patients with NF1 are at increased risk of developing soft tissue sarcomas that arise within the stromal compartment of the gastrointestinal tract, termed gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). GISTs associated with neurofibromatosis differ from sporadic GISTs, particularly with respect to their lower response rate to imatinib. We recently experienced a case involving a 45-year-old man with NF1 who was admitted to the hospital with epigastric pain and vomiting. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a duodenal GIST with pancreatic invasion. He had a base substitution mutation involving replacement of 2041 cytosine with thymine. He was treated successfully with a surgical operation and adjuvant imatinib therapy.


Subject(s)
Benzamides , Cytosine , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Gastrointestinal Tract , Genes, Neurofibromatosis 1 , Humans , Middle Aged , Neural Plate , Neurofibromatoses , Neurofibromatosis 1 , Piperazines , Pyrimidines , Sarcoma , Thymine , Vomiting , Imatinib Mesylate
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90252

ABSTRACT

Polyglandular autoimmune syndrome is defined as multiple endocrine gland insufficiencies accompanied by autoimmune diseases of the endocrine and nonendocrine system. After Schmidt introduced a case of nontuberculosis adrenal gland dysfunction with thyroiditis in 1926, Neufeld defined polyglandular autoimmune syndrome by I, II, and III subtypes in 1980 by their presentation of occurrence age, heredity methods, relationship with human leukocyte antigen, and accompanying diseases. We report a case of a 32-year-old female with polyglandular autoimmune syndrome III accompanied by type 1 diabetes mellitus that was treated with insulin (36 units per day) for 11 years. She had insulin deficiency and Hashimoto thyroiditis as an autoimmune disorder. In addition, she had several features similar to Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy including short stature, truncal obesity, round face, short neck, low intelligence (full IQ 84), and decreased memory. Although Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy is morphological evidence of pseudohypoparathyroidism or pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism, she had primary hypoparathyroidism on laboratory results. Here, we report a case of polyglandular autoimmune syndrome III with type 1 diabetes mellitus, autoimmune thyroiditis, and primary hypoparathyroidism, accompanied by clinical features similar to Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Glands , Adult , Autoimmune Diseases , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Endocrine Glands , Female , Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic , Hashimoto Disease , Heredity , Humans , Hypoparathyroidism , Insulin , Intelligence , Leukocytes , Memory , Neck , Obesity , Pseudohypoparathyroidism , Pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism , Thyroid Gland , Thyroiditis , Thyroiditis, Autoimmune
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66822

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to determine risk factors that influence the severity of injury in motor cycle accidents. METHODS: Hospital trauma registry data of all patients treated for motor cycle injuries at Wonju Christian Hospital from July 2008 to December 2009 were analyzed. Analyses included injury site, injury mechanism, alcohol intake, status of self protection, underlying diseases, weather at the time of injury, time of injury, and injury severity (injury severity score=ISS, revised trauma score=RTS). The risk factors between patients whose injuries were severe (ISS> or =16) and non-severe were compared. RESULTS: The records of 344 patients (mean age 44.3+/-22.2 years, 306 males and 38 females) were analyzed. The rate of protection was higher in 293 non-severely injured patients (ISS=5.1+/-3.9) than in the 51 severely-injured patients (ISS=21.9+/-5.9) (49.8% vs 31.4% p=0.015). The rate of alcohol ingestion was lower in non-severely injured patients (22.5%) than in the severely-injured patients (37.3%), (p=0.024). But there were no significant differences in age, gender, injury site, and underlying diseases in both groups. The most common cause of death was brain injury. CONCLUSION: Risk factors influencing the severity of motor cycle-related injury were protection (helmet) rate and alcohol ingestion.


Subject(s)
Brain , Cause of Death , Eating , Humans , Male , Risk Factors , Weather
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