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1.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830173

ABSTRACT

Background@#In general, women tend to increase serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels after menopause. Hypercholesterolemia is a risk factor that causes atherosclerosis and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Additionally, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol increases even when attempting to modify lifestyles in menopausal women. Therefore, we wanted to find out what risk factors are associated with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in menopausal women. @*Methods@#Data were gathered from 4,943 subjects who had visited a Health Promotion Center. Variables are measured in body metering and blood tests. Partial correlation analysis was performed to identify the variables that are related to low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and multiple regression analysis was performed to find the variables that can predict low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. @*Results@#The mean age of the subjects was 57.3±6.6 years old, the average low density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration was 124.6±33.3 mg/dL, the average body mass index was 23.6±3.2 kg/m 2 , and the average waist circumference was 78.4±8.3 cm, and 21.5 percent of subjects was abdominal obesity. Serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level showed a positive correlation with obesity, oxidative stress-related indices, and inflammatory markers such as ESR, CRP. ESR, body fat mass, total bilirubin, uric acid, fasting plasma glucose, and WBC count showed positive correlation with serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, and age showed negative correlation. @*Conclusion@#This study identified several factors, such as inflammatory markers, obesity and oxidative stress related indices were associated with elevated serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in postmenopausal women.

2.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830171

ABSTRACT

Menopause can lead to poor quality of life and health problems and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. The health goals of postmenopausal women are to maintain optimal physical, psychological, and social well-being by treating short-term and long-term health problems related to menopause and correcting risk factors for chronic diseases related to aging. The menopausal transition is an excellent opportunity for a general health assessment including assessment of chronic diseases and cancer screening. Recommendations from scientific societies clarify that initiation of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) is appropriate for symptomatic women without contraindications when they are in the early postmenopausal period (i.e., age <60 years or within 10 years of menopause onset). The decreasing rate of MHT use and/or its premature discontinuation may lead to an increased prevalence of chronic conditions, such as cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. Primary care physicians should be able to provide symptomatic women with the right information about the benefits and risks of MHT and recommend MHT without any underlying fear.

3.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830133

ABSTRACT

Background@#Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score (NFS) is a scoring system applied in clinical practice to predict advanced fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Evidence shows that progression of steatohepatitis and liver fibrosis reduces the production of verylow- density lipoprotein. The aim of this study was to identify the association of NFS and serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels and in adults with NAFLD. @*Methods@#Data were gathered from 24,889 subjects who had visited a health promotion center. NFS was calculated to assess the severity of fibrosis in all the subjects. Serum LDL-C levels were measured using a direct method. @*Results@#Serum LDL-C levels tended to decrease with increasing NFS quartiles (P for trend<0.01). NFS was one of the major determinants of serum LDL-C level after adjusting for age, sex, lifestyle-related factors, and other covariates. The estimated mean serum LDL-C level was significantly lower in the highest quartile of NFS than in the lowest quartile of NFS. @*Conclusion@#NFS had a negative association with serum LDL-C levels in adults with NAFLD. Elevated LDL-C level is not only a risk factor of cardiovascular disease but also a predictive indicator of NAFLD severity.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917751

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Early detection of vascular change may improve prediction of subclinical stage of cardiovascular disease, allowing intervention to prevent overt vascular damage. High heart rate is known to increase cardiovascular morbidity and mortality rate in the general population and in individuals with cardiovascular disease. We aimed to investigate the association between resting heart rate (RHR) measured using electrocardiogram (ECG) and arterial stiffness measured using the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in men.@*METHODS@#Data were collected from 5,629 men aged between 20 and 78 years who visited a single-site health promotion center. RHR was measured in a supine posture after resting for 10 minutes using an ECG. Arterial stiffness was measured using the CAVI. The cutoff value for high CAVI was ≥9.0.@*RESULTS@#RHR was one of the major determinants of high CAVI after adjusting for age, waist circumference, mean arterial pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin level, triglyceride level, white blood cell count, and lifestyle factors. When RHR groups were defined according to the RHR quartiles, the odds ratio of group with RHR ≥70 bpm, for high CAVI was 3.62 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.21–5.91) after adjusting for age and lifestyle factors. This association was not changed after adjusting for all other covariates (odds ratio, 2.39; 95% CI, 1.36–4.19).@*CONCLUSIONS@#RHR measured using ECG is significantly associated with arterial stiffness in men not taking medications for hypertension, dyslipidemia, or diabetes. These findings suggest that RHR may be useful in assessing cardiovascular risk in men.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759851

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Early detection of vascular change may improve prediction of subclinical stage of cardiovascular disease, allowing intervention to prevent overt vascular damage. High heart rate is known to increase cardiovascular morbidity and mortality rate in the general population and in individuals with cardiovascular disease. We aimed to investigate the association between resting heart rate (RHR) measured using electrocardiogram (ECG) and arterial stiffness measured using the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in men. METHODS: Data were collected from 5,629 men aged between 20 and 78 years who visited a single-site health promotion center. RHR was measured in a supine posture after resting for 10 minutes using an ECG. Arterial stiffness was measured using the CAVI. The cutoff value for high CAVI was ≥9.0. RESULTS: RHR was one of the major determinants of high CAVI after adjusting for age, waist circumference, mean arterial pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin level, triglyceride level, white blood cell count, and lifestyle factors. When RHR groups were defined according to the RHR quartiles, the odds ratio of group with RHR ≥70 bpm, for high CAVI was 3.62 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.21–5.91) after adjusting for age and lifestyle factors. This association was not changed after adjusting for all other covariates (odds ratio, 2.39; 95% CI, 1.36–4.19). CONCLUSIONS: RHR measured using ECG is significantly associated with arterial stiffness in men not taking medications for hypertension, dyslipidemia, or diabetes. These findings suggest that RHR may be useful in assessing cardiovascular risk in men.


Subject(s)
Arterial Pressure , Arteriosclerosis , Cardiovascular Diseases , Dyslipidemias , Electrocardiography , Health Promotion , Heart Rate , Heart , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Humans , Hypertension , Leukocyte Count , Life Style , Male , Mortality , Odds Ratio , Posture , Risk Assessment , Triglycerides , Vascular Stiffness , Waist Circumference
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-46517

ABSTRACT

We would like to replace Table 3 of the original paper with a revised version. We sincerely apologized to the readers.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10148

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is highly prevalent among patients who visit primary care clinics. Various factors and lifestyle behaviors are associated with effective blood pressure control. We aimed to identify factors and lifestyle modifications associated with blood pressure control among patients prescribed antihypertensive agents. METHODS: This survey was conducted at 15 hospital-based family practices in Korea from July 2008 to June 2010. We prospectively recruited and retrospectively assessed 1,453 patients prescribed candesartan. An initial evaluation of patients' lifestyles was performed using individual questions. Follow-up questionnaires were administered at 4, 8, and 12 weeks. We defined successful blood pressure control as blood pressure <140 mm Hg systolic and <90 mm Hg diastolic. RESULTS: Of the 1,453 patients, 1,139 patients with available data for initial and final blood pressures were included. In the univariate analysis of the change in performance index, weight gain (odds ratio [OR], 2.18; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.52 to 3.11; P<0.001), physical inactivity (OR, 1.195; 95% CI, 1.175 to 3.387; P=0.011), and increased salt intake (OR, 1.461; 95% CI, 1.029 to 2.075; P=0.034) were related to inadequate blood pressure control. Salt intake also showed a significant association. Multivariate ORs were calculated for age, sex, body mass index, education, income, alcohol consumption, smoking status, salt intake, comorbidity, and family history of hypertension. In the multivariate analysis, sex (OR, 3.55; 95% CI, 2.02 to 6.26; P<0.001), salt intake (OR, 0.64; 95% CI 0.43 to 0.97; P=0.034), and comorbidity (OR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.23 to 2.69; P=0.003) were associated with successful blood pressure control. CONCLUSION: Weight gain, physical inactivity, and high salt intake were associated with inadequate blood pressure control.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Antihypertensive Agents , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Comorbidity , Education , Family Practice , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypertension , Korea , Life Style , Motor Activity , Multivariate Analysis , Primary Health Care , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Smoke , Smoking , Weight Gain
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81693

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Depression is known to affect family function and communication. However, the distress experienced by those who have spouse with depression has not been properly assessed to date. This study attempted to examine the effect of depression on family function and communication as reported by the spouses of the depressed patients. METHODS: The participants of this study were 445 couples who visited 28 family doctors from April 2009 to June 2011. The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale III (FACES-III) was used to evaluate the family function, and the family communication scale in FACES-IV was used to evaluate communication among family members. A score of more than 21 points on the CES-D scale was used to indicate depression. The relationships between family type, family communication, and the depression of one's spouse were analyzed using the chi-square test and logistic regression. RESULTS: The odds ratios, indicating how the family is heading towards an extreme level, were statistically significant in all male and female respondents (male: odds ratio [OR] 3.08, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.73-5.48; female: OR 2.09, 95% CI 1.02-4.27). On the other hand, only female respondents with depressed spouses reported their family communication not to be good (male: OR 1.65, 95% CI 0.88-3.07; female: OR 2.48, 95% CI, 1.25-4.93). CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed people perceive their family function and communication not good when they have spouses with depression. There was no gender difference in the evaluation of their family function, but the perception on their family communication were different by gender.


Subject(s)
Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression , Family Characteristics , Female , Hand , Head , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Odds Ratio , Spouses
9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 905-914, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63333

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The efficacy and safety of denosumab was compared with placebo in Korean postmenopausal women with osteoporosis in this phase III study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women aged 60 to 90 years with a T-score of <-2.5 and ≥-4.0 at the lumbar spine or total hip were randomized to a single 60 mg subcutaneous dose of denosumab or placebo for the 6-month double-blind phase. Eligible subjects entered the 6-month open-label extension phase and received a single dose of denosumab 60 mg. RESULTS: Baseline demographics were similar in the 62 denosumab- and 64 placebo-treated subjects who completed the double-blind phase. Treatment favored denosumab over placebo for the primary endpoint {mean percent change from baseline in lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) at Month 6 [3.2% (95% confidence interval 2.1%, 4.4%; p<0.0001)]}; and secondary endpoints (mean percent change from baseline in lumbar spine BMD at Month 1, total hip, femoral neck, and trochanter BMD at Months 1 and 6, and median percent change from baseline in bone turnover markers at Months 1, 3, and 6). Endpoint improvements were sustained over 12 months in the open-label extension (n=119). There were no new or unexpected safety signals. CONCLUSION: Denosumab was well tolerated and effective in increasing BMD and decreasing bone turnover markers over a 12-month period in Korean postmenopausal women. The findings of this study demonstrate that denosumab has beneficial effects on the measures of osteoporosis in Korean postmenopausal women.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Asians , Bone Density , Bone Density Conservation Agents/therapeutic use , Denosumab/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Female , Femur , Femur Neck , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/drug therapy , Postmenopause , Republic of Korea
10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 923-927, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63331

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Up to 71% of South Korean postmenopausal women have vitamin D deficiency {serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH) D] level <50 nmol/L}. Data on vitamin D supplementation was collected during the screening phase of an efficacy/safety study of denosumab in Korean postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. This report describes the effect of vitamin D supplementation on repletion to 25(OH)D levels ≥50 nmol/L in Korean postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Vitamin D levels of Korean postmenopausal women (60-90 years old) were measured by extracting 25(OH)D2 and 25(OH)D3 from serum samples via protein precipitation and using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry detection. Calibration curves were constructed from the mass chromatograms to obtain total vitamin D levels. Subjects with serum 25(OH)D levels <50 nmol/L were supplemented with 1000 IU of vitamin D tablets during the 2.5-month-long screening period. Dose, frequency, and duration were determined by the investigator. If repletion was achieved (≥50 nmol/L) on retest, subjects were eligible to be rescreened for study entry. RESULTS: Of 371 subjects screened, 191 (52%) required vitamin D supplementation, and 88% (168 of 191) were successfully repleted. More than half of the subjects (58%) who were successfully repleted received doses of 2000 IU daily. The mean time to successful repletion was 31 days (standard deviation 8.4 days; range 11-48 days). CONCLUSION: Supplementation with daily median doses of 2000 IU vitamin D successfully repleted 88% of Korean postmenopausal women with osteoporosis within 48 days to a serum vitamin D level of 50 nmol/L.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Asians , Bone Density Conservation Agents/therapeutic use , Dietary Supplements , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/complications , Postmenopause/blood , Republic of Korea , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Vitamin D Deficiency/diagnosis
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820453

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the anti-obesity activity and the action mechanism of the roots of Adenophora triphylla var. japonica extract (ATE) in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice and 3T3-L1 adipocytes.@*METHODS@#The roots of Adenophora triphylla were extracted with 70% ethanol. To demonstrate the compounds, linoleic acid was analyzed by using gas chromatography; and the anti-obesity effects and possible mechanisms of ATE were examined in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and HFD-induced obese mice.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with ATE inhibited the lipid accumulation without cytotoxicity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Furthermore, 200 and 400 mg/kg ATE treatment significantly decreased the body weight gain, white adipose tissues (WATs) weight and plasma triglyceride level, while 100 and 200 mg/kg ATE treatment increased the plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level in the HFD-induced obese mice, as compared with the HFD group. Treatment with 200 and 400 mg/kg ATE also lowered the size of adipocytes in adipose tissue and reduced the lipid accumulation in liver. ATE treatment showed significantly lower expression level of adipogenesis-related proteins, such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ, fatty acid binding protein (aP2), fatty acid synthase in 3T3-L1 adipocytes; and furthermore, decreased peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ, aP2, fatty acid synthase, sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c, and lipoprotein lipase mRNA expression levels in WAT of the HFD-induced obese mice.@*CONCLUSIONS@#These results suggested that the ATE has an anti-obesity effect, which may be elicited by regulating the expression of adipogenesis and lipogenesis-related genes and proteins in adipocytes and WAT of the HFD-induced obese mice.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-170373

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the therapeutic effects of mineral oil (MO) and hyaluronic acid (HA) mixture eye drops on the tear film and ocular surface in a mouse model of experimental dry eye (EDE). METHODS: Eye drops consisting of 0.1% HA alone or mixed with 0.1%, 0.5%, or 5.0% MO were applied to desiccating stress-induced murine dry eyes. Tear volume, corneal irregularity score, tear film break-up time (TBUT), and corneal fluorescein staining scores were measured at 5 and 10 days after treatment. Ten days after treatment, goblet cells in the conjunctiva were counted after Periodic acid-Schiff staining. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the tear volume between desiccating stress-induced groups. The corneal irregularity score was lower in the 0.5% MO group compared with the EDE and HA groups. The 0.5% and 5.0% MO groups showed a significant improvement in TBUT compared with the EDE group. Mice treated with 0.1% and 0.5% MO mixture eye drops showed a significant improvement in fluorescein staining scores compared with the EDE group and the HA group. The conjunctival goblet cell count was higher in the 0.5% MO group compared with the EDE group and HA group. CONCLUSIONS: The MO and HA mixture eye drops had a beneficial effect on the tear films and ocular surface of murine dry eye. The application of 0.5% MO and 0.1% HA mixture eye drops could improve corneal irregularity, the corneal fluorescein staining score, and conjunctival goblet cell count compared with 0.1% HA eye drops in the treatment of EDE.


Subject(s)
Animals , Conjunctiva/drug effects , Cornea/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Combinations , Dry Eye Syndromes/drug therapy , Emollients/administration & dosage , Female , Goblet Cells/drug effects , Hyaluronic Acid/administration & dosage , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mineral Oil/administration & dosage , Ophthalmic Solutions , Tears/metabolism , Viscosupplements/administration & dosage
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1049-1057, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-113969

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We analyzed age-related changes of bone mineral density (BMD) and compared with those of U.S and Japanese participants to investigate the prevalence of osteoporosis in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data were collected in the 2008-2011 in Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) IV and V to select a representative sample of civilian, noninstitutionalized South Korean population. Bone mineral measurements were obtained from 8332 men and 9766 women aged 10 years and older. RESULTS: BMD in men continued to decline from 3rd decade, however, in women, BMD remained nearly constant until the 4th decade and declined at rapid rate from the 5th decade. The prevalence of osteoporosis in Korea is 7.3% in males and 38.0% in females aged 50 years and older. The prevalence of osteopenia in Korea is 46.5% in males and 48.7% in females, aged 50 years and older. The lumbar spine and femur BMD in Korean females 20 to 49 years of ages was lower than in U.S. and Japan participants. CONCLUSION: There was obvious gender, and age differences in the BMD based on the 2008-2011 KNHANES IV and V, a nationwide, cross-sectional survey conducted in a South Korean population. We expect to be able to estimate reference data through ongoing KNHANES efforts in near future.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Density/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Prevalence , Republic of Korea/epidemiology
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-156982

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the changes of higher order aberrations (HOAs) before and after laser subepithelial keratomileusis (LASEK) and to analyze the influence of tear film instability on HOAs of the corneal surface after LASEK. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 31 patients who underwent LASEK were divided into dry eye (16 patients, 32 eyes) and non-dry eye groups (15 patients, 30 eyes). Uncorrected distance visual acuity, spherical equivalent refraction, ablation depth, tear film parameters and Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire scores were evaluated in both groups. Total HOA root mean square (RMS), third-order coma, third-order trefoil and fourth-order spherical aberration (SA) of the corneal surface immediately and at 10 seconds after blinking were measured before and after surgery. RESULTS: The total HOA RMS, coma, trefoil and SA significantly increased after LASEK compared with preoperative values in both groups. In the dry eye group, total HOA RMS, coma and trefoil significantly increased except for SA at 10 seconds after blinking compared with those measured immediately after blinking. In addition, the changes of total HOA RMS, coma and trefoil were negatively correlated with tear film break-up time (R = -0.420, -0.473 and -0.439, respectively), but positively correlated with OSDI score (R = 0.433, 0.499 and 0.532, respectively). In the non-dry eye group, there were no significant differences between HOAs measured at 10 seconds after blinking and those measured immediately after blinking. CONCLUSIONS: The HOAs including coma, trefoil and SA significantly increased after LASEK. The tear film instability in the dry eye can be associated with more deterioration of the optical quality after LASEK, due to more significant increase of total HOA RMS, coma and trefoil.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cornea/physiopathology , Corneal Wavefront Aberration/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dry Eye Syndromes/physiopathology , Female , Humans , Keratectomy, Subepithelial, Laser-Assisted/adverse effects , Lasers, Excimer/therapeutic use , Male , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tears/physiology , Visual Acuity/physiology , Young Adult
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-18543

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: For the effective management of hypertension, drug adherence and life style modification are important. We investigated the effects of mobile phone text-message reminders on compliance and life style modification in patients with hypertension. METHODS: The study was performed at family medicine outpatient clinics at 15 hospitals in South Korea from July 2008 to June 2010. Study subjects included 1,449 patients who were all prescribed candesartan cilexetil. Patients were randomly divided into two groups- mobile phone text-message reminder group and control group. In the reminder group, contents of text messages were recommendations for antihypertensive adherence, exercise, low salt diet, and reduction of weight and alcohol. In the control group, the date of next visit was sent at 10 week. Mobile phone text-messages were sent at 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 weeks by the coordinating center. Thereafter, they were followed up for 12 weeks. Chi-square test was performed to compare compliance and performance indexes of the two groups. RESULTS: The reminder group had 719 (49.6%) patients vs. 730 (50.4%) patients in the control group. Attendance rate were 92.8% for the reminder group and 94.7% for the control group (P=0.14). 94.7% of the reminder group and 94.0% of the control group took their medication regularly (P=0.59). The target blood pressure was attained in 75.8% of the reminder group and 75.4% of the control group (P=0.87). Similarly, rates of weight loss, decreased alcohol use, increased physical activity and a low salt diet showed no significant differences between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, mobile phone text reminders did not show to have any significant positive effect on the management of hypertension.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care Facilities , Blood Pressure , Cell Phone , Compliance , Diet , Humans , Hypertension , Korea , Life Style , Motor Activity , Text Messaging , Weight Loss
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-112414

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated the therapeutic effects of phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) with or without amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) in patients who had symptomatic bullous keratopathy with poor visual potential. METHODS: Twenty-five eyes of 25 patients with bullous keratopathy were reviewed retrospectively. Ten eyes (group A) were treated with PTK, and the other 15 eyes (group B) were treated with combined PTK and AMT. Changes of vision and symptoms, re-epithelization time, recurrence of bulla, central corneal thickness measured by anterior segment optical coherence tomography, and postoperative complications were analyzed. RESULTS: At post-operative 3 months, visual acuity improved in 2 patients in both A and B groups. Nine patients in group A (90%) and 13 patients in group B (86.7%) showed symptom improvement. Mean re-epithelization time was 12.40 +/- 4.33 days in group A and 8.13 +/- 1.19 days in group B (p > 0.05). In both groups, central corneal thickness decreased postoperatively without statistically significant difference between groups. At the final follow-up visit, epithelial bulla had not recurred in 7 eyes (70.0%) in group A and 12 eyes (80.0%) in group B. No postoperative complication was detected. CONCLUSIONS: PTK alone appears comparable to the combined treatment of PTK and AMT in terms of symptom improvement, re-epithelization time and recurrence rate.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Blister , Eye , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Transplants , Vision, Ocular , Visual Acuity
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-12546

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of pleomorphic adenoma arising in the ectopic lacrimal gland of the lower eyelid. CASE SUMMARY: A 36-year-old male presented with a gradually increasing mass in the left lower eyelid that had been growing for one year. A hard, non-tender, subcutaneous mass was palpated on the lateral one-third of the left lower eyelid, and there were no clinically specific signs. Orbital computed tomography demonstrated a well-demarcated 1 x 0.7 x 0.7-cm-sized mass with heterogeneous enhancement, and complete surgical resection was performed. The mass was non-adjacent to the conjunctiva and inferior tarsal plate. Histological examination showed glandular elements embedded in a myxoid stroma. The mass was diagnosed as pleomorphic adenoma arising in the ectopic lacrimal gland. At the postoperative 6-month follow-up, there was no recurrence or abnormal finding at the operation site. CONCLUSIONS: Pleomorphic adenoma arising in the ectopic lacrimal gland should be considered as a differential diagnosis of eyelid masses.


Subject(s)
Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Adult , Conjunctiva , Diagnosis, Differential , Eyelids , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lacrimal Apparatus , Male , Orbit , Recurrence
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25077

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of combined treatment with 0.05% cyclosporine A and 20% umbilical cord serum eye drops for severe dry eye associated with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). METHODS: Eighteen patients with severe dry eye associated with GVHD were treated with 0.05% cyclosporine A and 20% umbilical cord serum eye drops (group 1, n = 16), 0.05% cyclosporine A eye drops (group 2, n = 10) or artificial tears only (group 3, n = 10). Tear film break up time (BUT), Schirmer test, tear clearance rate (TCR), and keratoepithelio pathy score were measured before and 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment. RESULTS: In group 1, significant improvement was observed in tear film BUT (from 3.25 +/- 1.18 s to 6.63 +/- 0.96 s, p < 0.01), TCR (from 2.38 +/- 0.72 to 3.13 +/- 0.72, p < 0.01) and keratoepithelio pathy score (from 6.31 +/- 2.15 to 0.88 +/- 0.89, p < 0.01) 6 months after treatment. Compared with group 2 and group 3, group 1 showed significant improvement in BUT (3 and 6 months after treatment) and keratoepitheliopathy score (1, 3 and 6 months after treatment). CONCLUSIONS: Combined treatment with 0.05% cyclosporine A and 20% umbilical cord serum eye drops is effective for severe dry eye associated with GVHD.


Subject(s)
Cyclosporine , Eye , Graft vs Host Disease , Humans , Ophthalmic Solutions , Tears , Umbilical Cord
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25075

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term results after cataract surgery in eyes with low endothelial cell density (ECD). METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was performed of 19 patients with low ECD (lower than 1000 cells/mm2) who 31 patients with a normal ECD (higher than 1600 cells/mm2) underwent cataract surgery. Clinical parameters including visual acuity, intraocular pressure (IOP), spherical equivalent refraction, anterior chamber depth, axial length and central corneal thickness (CCT) were measured and specular microscopy was performed to analyze the ECD and its morphology. The follow-up periods were 1 week, and 1, 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Clinical parameters except ECD and CCT had no significant difference between the 2 groups until 12 months postoperatively. The decreasing rate of ECD and increase of CCT were significantly different between the 2 groups at 1 week and 1 month postoperatively. However, no significant difference was found after 3 months postoperatively. Only 1 eye in the low ECD group with 367 cells/mm2 developed bullous keratopathy. CONCLUSIONS: In the low ECD group, a significant decrease of ECD and increase of CCT were observed at 1 month after cataract surgery. However there were no significant differences compared with the control group after 3 months postoperatively. The results suggest that cataract surgery is safe postoperatively for a long-term for a patient with low ECD.


Subject(s)
Anterior Chamber , Cataract , Endothelial Cells , Eye , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intraocular Pressure , Medical Records , Microscopy , Retrospective Studies , Visual Acuity
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