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Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 357-361,366, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743536


Objective ToexploretheMRIfeaturesanddifferentialdiagnosisofgemistocyticastrocytoma(GemA).Methods The MRIfeaturesof10casesofGemAprovedbysurgeryandpathologywereinvestigatedretrospectively(thelocationoftumor,tumor shape,boundary,signalandenhancement)andtheliteraturewasreviewed.Results All10casesofGemA weresupratentorialand solitary.Ofthese10cases,7caseswerelocatedinthefrontallobe,5casesinthetemporallobe,6casesinmultiplelobesandinvaded theoppositebraintissuesthroughcorpuscallosum.8casesweresolidGcystic,8casespresentedwithunclearboundary,only2cases hadclearboundary.Therewasnoedemaormildedemain7casesandobviousedemain3cases.Thesolidpartoftumorswereisointense orslighthypointenseonT1WI,only1caseshowedhighintensityonT1WI,isointenseorslighthyperintenseonT2WI.CTsuggested calcificationin2cases.6casesweremildlyenhanced,4casesweremarkedlyenhanced.MRSshowed(n=4)thatCHopeakwasmildly ormoderatelyincreased,NAApeakwassignificantlyreduced,theaverageratioofCho/NAA was2.91.DWIshowedhyperintenseor slighthyperintense(n=3),theADCaveragevalueoftumorROIwasabout(1.150±0.081)×10-3 mm2/s.1caseofSWIsequence showedthickeningandcircuitousvascularshadow.Conclusion AsMRIofGemAischaracterizedbyhighandlowgradegliomas,the preoperativediagnosisisdifficult.Combiningenhancementwithfunctionalexamination,itisexpectedtoimprovetheaccuracyofpreoperative diagnosisofGemA.

Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 654-657,665, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696877


Objective To explore the value of 3D-ASL parameters for predicting glioma grade before operation and the relationship between the expression of Ki-67 and microvessel density(MVD).Methods 3DASL images of 50 patients with pathologically proven gliomas (high grade:n=20,1ow grade:n 30) were analyzed retrospectively.The mean maximum relative cerebral blood flow was obtained by the hot spot method.The Ki-67 labeling index and MVD of surgical specimen were measured.The results were analyzed statistically.Results The mean rCBF,Ki-67 and MVD of low grade gliomas (n=30) were 1.69±1.27,3.73%±3.01%,25.43±13.03,while the high grade gliomas (n=20) were 3.18± 1.46,49.25% ±20.15%,58.69±20.39 respectively.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.01),which was positively correlated with the grade(r=0.620,0.871,0.698,P<0.01).rCBF was positively correlated with Ki-67 and MVD (r =0.535,0.723,P <0.01).Ki 67 labeling index was positively correlated with MVD (r=0.629,P<0.01).Conclusion The rCBF value is useful for predicting glioma grade before operation and related to tumor MVD and cell proliferation.The biologic behavior of glioma can be predicted to a certain extent.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711329


Objective To investigate the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) of the resting brain function network in patients in a minimal conscious state (MCS) so as to explore the mechanism.Methods Eleven MCS patients were selected.Among them,there were 9 males and 2 females,10 with cerebral trauma and 1 with cerebral hemorrhage,with an average age of (37.3±8.4) and an average course of disease of (3.4±0.1) months.All subjects were given a resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) assessment prior to the single tDCS treatment,followed by a 20-minute single sham tDCS treatment at a time.After single-sham stimulation,a second time rs-fMRI assessment test will be conducted,followed by a real tDCS treatment for 20 minutes.Eventually,a third time rs-fMRI assessment test will be implemented.Results No significant statistical difference was shown in terms of all the parameters after single shamtDCS as compared to those before the treatment (P>0.05).After single real-tDCS,no significant change was observed with CRS-R score,ALFF of default network (left anterior wedge),the frontal-parietal network (left fróntal lobe,right superior gyms),sensory motor network (left auxiliary motor area),subcortical network (right thalamus,bilateral caudate nuclei) was significantly higher than that before treatment,while the ALFF of the frontal network (frontal lobe) and auditory network (bilateral temporal lobes) was significantly decreased (P<0.05).After single real-tDCS,the ALFF of default network (right frontal lobe) was significantly enhanced compared to that after single sham-tDCS (P<0.05),while that of the salient network (left insula) and sensorimotor network (right central frontal) was significantly decreased (P<0.05).Conclusion The enhancement of ALFF activity in the resting state brain function network is a possible neural mechanism for tDCS to promote the recovery of consciousness level in pa tients with minimal conscious state.