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1.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 298-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994668

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of ceftazidime/avibactam(CZA)plus aztreonam(ATM)for New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase(NDM)carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae(CRKP)infection after kidney transplantation.Methods:Clinical data are retrospectively reviewed for 11 RT recipients infected with NDM metallo-β-lactamase CRKP admitted into First Affiliated Hospital of Xi 'an Jiaotong University and Affiliated Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University from November 2018 to December 2019.Based upon treatment protocol, they are divided into two groups of ceftazidime/avibactam plus aztreonam(CZA-ATM, 5 cases)and other effective antibiotics(OAA, 6 cases).Age, gender, infection type, drug resistance gene, changes in body temperature and leucocyte count, treatment course and prognosis are summarized.Results:A total of 11 patients with NDM-producing CRKP infection after RT are recruited.There are seven males and four females with an age range of(19~66)(38.9±14.4)years.There are mixed pulmonary and urinary tract infections(3 cases), urinary tract infection(2 cases), pulmonary infection(1 case)and perirenal infection(5 cases).All isolates harbore NDM carbapenemase gene, 5 isolates carry Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase(KPC)gene and 1 isolate contained both imipenemase metallo-β-lactamase(IMP)and verona integron-encoded metallo-β-lactamase(VIM)gene concurrently.Ceftazidime-avibactam plus aztreonam(CZA-ATM)is prescribed in five patients while the remainders receive OAA.No adverse reactions occurred in individuals on CZA-ATM and 2 cases on OAA have adverse reactions with a poor appetite and diarrhea.After 30-day infection, the curative cases of CZA-ATM and OAAs groups reach 4 and 5 respectively.No death occurred in neither groups at Day 30.And 90-day mortality is 0 and 1 respectively.Conclusions:For RT patients infected with NDM-producing CRKP, CZA-ATM combination therapy may be another effective treatment.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1262-1272, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928051

ABSTRACT

In this study, we employed Q Exactive to determine the main differential metabolites of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex du-ring the "sweating" process. Further, we quantified the color parameters and determined the activities of polyphenol oxidase(PPO), peroxidase(POD), and tyrosinase of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during the "sweating" process. Gray correlation analysis was performed for the color, chemical composition, and enzyme activity to reveal the effect of enzymatic reaction on the color of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during the "sweating" process. Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex sweating in different manners showed similar metabolite changes. The primary metabolites that changed significantly included amino acids, nucleotides, and sugars, and the secondary metabolites with significant changes were phenols and phenylpropanoids. Despite the different sweating methods, eleven compounds were commonly up-regulated, including L-glutamic acid, acetylarginine, hypoxanthine, and xanthine; six compounds were commonly down-re-gulated, including L-arginine, L-aspartic acid, and phenylalanine. The brightness value(L~*), red-green value(a~*), and yellow-blue value(b~*) of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex kept decreasing during the "sweating" process. The changes in the activities of PPO and POD during sweating were consistent with those in the color parameter values. The gray correlation analysis demonstrated that the main differential metabolites such as amino acids and phenols were closely related to the color parameters L~*, a~* and b~*; POD was correlated with amino acids and phenols; PPO had strong correlation with phenols. The results indicated that the color change of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during "sweating" was closely related to the reactions of enzymes dominated by PPO and POD. The study analyzed the correlations among the main differential metabolites, color parameters, and enzyme activities of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex in the "sweating" process. It reveals the common law of material changes and ascertains the relationship between color changes and enzymatic reactions of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during "sweating". Therefore, this study provides a reference for studying the "sweating" mechanism of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex and is of great significance to guarantee the quality of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex.


Subject(s)
Magnolia/chemistry , Quality Control , Sweating
3.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 92-95, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015362

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the acromial angle morphologic type and measurement analysis based on CT 3D reconstruction. Methods Totally 278 cases of adult CT three-dimensional reconstruction of the shoulder morphological data were collected, and the measurement data of the different types was analyzed, its statistical significance was clarified, and the morphological characteristics to division the type of acromial angle were summarized, its diagnosis and treatment under the acromion impingement of guiding significance were discussed. Results The acromial angle was divided into three types (C shaped acromial angle, L shaped acromial angle, and double angle shaped acromial angle). Among them, L type was the most, accounting for 48. 56%, followed by C type, and double angle type was the least. In comparison of the breadth of the acromion and the length of the acromion, L type was significantly longer than C type (P<0. 05). The thickness of acromion at a point of the double angle shaped acromial angle was greater than that of the other two type (P<0. 05). In the comparison of ∠a, the double-angle type was greater than the C type(P<0.05), and the C type was greater than the L type(P<0.05). Conclusion There are significant differences in the classification and anatomical parameters of acromial angle, and the differences are statistically significant. It has certain guiding significance to the etiology and clinical diagnosis and treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 126-131, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928872

ABSTRACT

The radial force of the degradable esophageal stent before and after degradation is one of the important indicators for effective treatment of esophageal stricture. Based on a combination of in vitro experiments and finite element analysis, this paper studies and verifies the biomechanical properties of a new type of degradable esophageal stent under different esophageal stricture conditions. Under radial extrusion conditions, the maximum stress at the port of the stent is 65.25 MPa, and the maximum strain is 1.98%; The peak values of stress and strain under local extrusion and plane extrusion conditions both appear in the extrusion area and the compression expansion area at both ends, which are respectively 48.68 MPa, 46.40 MPa, 0.49%, 1.13%. The maximum radial force of the undegraded stent was 11.22 N, and 97% and 51% of the maximum radial force were maintained after 3 months and 6 months of degradation, respectively. The research results verify the safety and effectiveness of the radial force of the new degradable esophageal stent, and provide a theoretical basis for the clinical treatment of esophageal stricture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Stenosis/surgery , Finite Element Analysis , Mechanical Phenomena , Stents
5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 632-637, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the application effect of discharge planning based on enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (OTLF).Methods:A retrospective cohort analysis was made on clinical information of 230 OTLF patients treated in Honghui Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January to December 2020, including 44 males and 186 females, aged 53-92 years [(72.0±9.9)years]. A total of 115 patients receiving conventional nursing intervention from January to June 2020 were enrolled in regular nursing group and 115 patients receiving discharge planning intervention based on ERAS from July to December 2020 were enrolled in discharge planning group. The length of hospital stay, readiness for hospital discharge scale (RHDS) at 4 hours before discharge, caregiver preparedness scale (CPS) on admission and at 4 hours before discharge, discharge rate before 12∶00, Chinese osteoporosis quality of life short questionnaire (COQOL) on admission and at 6 months after surgery, and re-fracture rate were compared in the two groups.Results:The patients were followed up for 6 months, except for 3 patients lost to follow up in discharge planning group and 4 patients in regular nursing group. The length of hospital stay was (2.8±0.6)days in discharge planning group and (2.6±0.7)days in regular nursing group ( P>0.05). The RHDS in discharge planning group was significantly greater at 4 hours before discharge when compared with regular nursing group [(103.0±8.3)points vs. (95.3±9.5)points] ( P<0.01). The two groups had no significant difference in CPS at admittance ( P>0.05), but a significantly greater CPS was found in discharge planning group at 4 hours before discharge when compared with regular nursing group [(28.9±3.5)points vs. (24.3±4.8)points] ( P<0.01). The discharge rate before 12∶00 in discharge planning group was significantly higher when compared with regular nursing group [27.7%(31/115) vs. 15.3%(17/115)] ( P<0.05). The COQOL was similar at admittance between the two groups ( P>0.05), but a significantly lower score was found in discharge planning group than that in regular nursing group [(21.6±6.2)points vs. (26.6±6.9)points] ( P<0.01). A significantly lower re-fracture rate was found in discharge planning group at 6 months after surgery when compared with regular nursing group [4.5%(5/112) vs. 12.6%(14/111)] ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For OTLF patients, discharge planning based on ERAS is superior to regular nursing in improving the readiness for hospital discharge, caregiver preparedness, quality of life and management of beds, and lowering re-fracture rate.

6.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 284-294, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921878

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of prior non-pancreatic cancer on the survival outcomes of patients with localized pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs). Methods We reviewed the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database and selected patients with localized PanNETs diagnosed between 1973 and 2015. We divided the patients into two groups according to the presence or absence of prior non-pancreatic malignancy. Before and after propensity score matching, we compared the clinicopathological characteristics and studied the overall survival and cancer-specific survival. Results A total of 357 (12.9%) of 2778 patients with localized PanNETs had prior cancer. A total of 1211 cases with only a localized PanNET and 133 cases with a localized PanNET and prior cancer had complete data and met the inclusion criteria of the current study. Patients with prior cancer were associated with advanced age (>65 years, 57.9% prior cancer


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Neuroendocrine Tumors/epidemiology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Propensity Score
7.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 260-264, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911648

ABSTRACT

Objective:Discuss the etiological characteristics of pulmonary infection after renal transplantation and the diagnostic value of metagenomics nextgeneration sequencing (mNGS) technique.Methods:A total of 40 patients with pulmonary infection who were admitted to the Department of Renal Transplantation of the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January, 2018 to January, 2021 were selected, and identification of pathogens through routine pathogen detection methods and mNGS. The routine pathogen detection methods included: blood culture, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and sputum culture and smear staining, lung histopathology, antigen detection and PCR, etc. BALF were used to search for pathogens by mNGS. Combined with the results of the two groups to give accurate anti-infection treatment, the clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Eventually 36 patients were cured and discharged, and 4 patients deaths. In 40 cases of pulmonary infection, the BALF mNGS pathogens detection of BALF was positive in 37 cases and negative in 3 patients, with a detection sensitivity of 92.5%. In addition, there were 15 cases of single pulmonary infection and 22 cases of mixed pulmonary infection, including 8 cases of bacterial infection, 9 cases of viral infection and 20 cases of fungal infection, among which pneumocystis (20/40, 50%) and cytomegalovirus (10/40, 25%) were the most common. In contrast, the positive rate of pathogens by routine detection were only 30% (12/40), and the difference between the two detection methods was statistically significant ( χ2=32.92, P<0.05). The diagnostic rates of mixed pulmonary infection were 55% and 10% respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=18.46, P<0.05), the single type pulmonary infection was 30% and 20% respectively, the difference was not statistically significant( χ2=2.99, P>0.05). Conclusions:mNGS has more advantages than routine pathogen detection methods in terms of pathogen species and distribution, detection time, sensitivity, mixed infection diagnosis rate and benefit. Using mNGS can be more efficient to find pathogens of pulmonary infection after renal transplantation, take accurate treatment, reduce costs, and improve cure rate, such as worth wide application..

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 710-714, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866203

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the life quality of patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD), and to analyze its influencing factors.Methods:From September 2017 to May 2019, adult KBD patients aged 18 years old and over were selected as the study subjects in the historical serious disease areas (Yongshou County and Linyou County) of KBD in Shaanxi Province. KBD patients were investigated by using the basic information questionnaire and the Chinese version of the European Five-dimensional Five-level Health Scale (EQ-5D-5L), the distribution of health status in the five dimensions of mobility, self-care ability, daily activity, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression were described, and each dimension included five levels of no problem, mild problem, moderate problem, severe problem, and extreme problem. EQ index (- 0.391 - 1.000) was used to evaluate the quality of life of patients based on group perspective, the higher EQ index was, the better life quality of the group would be; visual analogue system (VAS) score (0 - 100 points) was used to evaluate the life quality of patients based on individual perspective, the higher VAS score was, the better life quality of the individual would be. At the same time, multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyze the life quality of KBD patients.Results:A total of 245 KBD patients were included, aged (60.37 ± 7.10) years old. The mild problems of self-care ability and anxiety/depression of KBD patients, accounted for the largest proportion, which were 31.8% (78/245) and 27.3% (67/245), respectively; in terms of daily activity, the moderate problem accounted for the largest proportion, which was 32.7% (80/245); in terms of mobility and pain/discomfort, the severe problem accounted for the largest proportion, which were 46.9% (115/245) and 45.7% (112/245), respectively. EQ index [median (quartile range)] was 0.311 (0.059, 0.563), and VAS score was 42.5 (30.0, 60.0) points. After multiple linear regression analysis, the effects of education level, pain level, body deformity inferiority complex, and social participation barrier on EQ index were statistically significant ( P < 0.01); the effects of economic level, pain level, body deformity inferiority complex, and social participation barrier on VAS score were statistically significant ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:The life quality of KBD patients is poor, it is affected by physical, psychological and social aspects, so relevant medical workers should pay attention to the overall health of KBD patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 285-288, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866102

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of economic income and quality of life of patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) , and to analyze the impact of different economic levels on quality of life of patients with KBD, and to provide evidence for selection of target and key populations setting of poverty alleviation in KBD area.Methods:The anrual family income and quality of life of adults with KBD in Yongshou County and Linyou County, Shaanxi Province were investigated from May 2017 to May 2019. Patient's quality of life were evaluated using Chinese version of European five-dimensional five-level health scale (EQ-5D-5L) and its utility value conversion system was used to calculate the EQ-index. The ratio of income difference to quality of life difference in different income KBD patients was calculated.Results:A total of 290 patients with KBD participated in the survey. The average annual income of families with KBD was 11 462.41 Yuan of which the average annual income of low (< 5 000 Yuan), medium (5 000 ~ 10 000 Yuan) and high-income (> 10 000 Yuan) groups was 2 663.48, 9 262.75 and 28 397.26 Yuan, respectively. The ratios of income difference to quality of life difference between low-income and medium-income groups (109.99 × 10 4, 94.28 × 10 4, 94.28 × 10 4) were bigger than the ratios of income difference to quality of life difference (55.94 × 10 4, 91.91 × 10 4,-3.20 × 10 3) between low-income and high-income groups in terms of mobility, usual activity, and EQ-index. The ratios of income difference to quality of life difference were negative in terms of self care, anxiety/depression and VAS score (- 131.99 × 10 4,-65.99 × 10 4,-65.99 × 10 3). Conclusions:Patients with KBD have low income level and large income gap. The KBD patients whose annual income less than 10 000 Yuan could be the key population of poverty alleviation, and family income level of more than 10 000 Yuan could be the target of poverty alleviation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 417-422, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870609

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of pneumocystis jirovecii pneumoniae (PJP) after renal transplantation.Methods:A total of 20 PJP patients were selected from January 2018 to January 2020. The major symptoms included fever, chest tightness, dyspnea and cough with minimal sputum. Chest computed tomography (CT), laboratory tests and metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of bronchoscopic pulmonary alveolar perfusion fluid (BALF) were performed. They received cotrimoxazole (SMZ: 18.75-25 mg/kg + TMP: 3.75-5 mg/kg q6 h) and basic regimen of caspofungin (50-70 mg/d) for 14-21 days. At the same time, bacterial, fungal or viral infections were treated, immunosuppressants were tapered or discontinued, supportive therapy and methylprednisolone, immunoglobulin and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) were provided. Chest CT examination was performed for 5-7 days to evaluate the therapeutic effect and clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among them, fever was predominant in 13 cases with an average body temperature of (38.8±0.68) ℃ while chest tightness and dyspnea occurred in 7 cases. Fourteen patients presented hypoxemia, 13 received non-invasive ventilator assisted breathing, 1 received mechanical ventilation via endotracheal intubation and the remainders received mask oxygen therapy. Seventeen patients were cured and discharged from hospital for 12~90 days. Three patients died of respiratory and circulatory failures due to deteriorating pulmonary infection. And 19 patients had elevated renal function initially and basically normalized around 2 weeks.Conclusions:PJP is one of the most serious complications after renal transplantation. Timely diagnosis and targeted treatment are essential. And mNGS examination plays a crucial role in the diagnosis of PJP. The basic anti-infective scheme of compound sulfamethoxazole plus carbophennet is efficacious. At the same time, appropriate tapering or discontinuation of immunosuppressants, supportive therapy and assisted respiration are also important.

11.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 227-231, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870581

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of low-dose valganciclovir for preventing CMV infection after renal transplantation.Methods:Patients undergoing the first renal transplantation from January 2015 to January 2017 were selected. Recipients were divided into two groups according to anti-CMV prophylactic strategy. Recipients in test group (valganciclovir group, n=85) received oral valganciclovir 450 mg once daily and those in control group (ganciclovir group, n=81) had oral ganciclovir 1g thrice daily. Both drugs were prescribed within 10 days after transplantation and maintained for 3 months. Dose adjustments were based upon renal function. All recipients were followed up for 12 months posttransplantation. CMV-DNA, renal function, blood routine and liver function were regularly monitored. The incidence of CMV infection/disease, the median time to CMV infection onset, the incidence of opportunistic infections (OI) and acute rejection, graft or recipient survival and drug safety were evaluated.Results:A total of 166 renal recipients were admitted. Fewer recipients in test group (12, 14.1 %) than in control group (26, 32.1 %) had CMV infection ( P=0.006). The median time to CMV infection onset was longer in test group than in control group: 140.5 days (interquartile range [IQR]: 77.3-198.5 days) versus 47.5 days (IQR: 36.8-67.8 days) respectively ( P=0.014). The CMV disease rate was lower in test group ( P=0.080). The incidence of OI decreased significantly in test group (10.6 % vs 21.0 %, P=0.037). No patients in test group suffered allograft loss while 6 recipients (7.4 %) in control group ( P=0.032). Other adverse and side effects of both regimens were comparable. Conclusions:Low-dose valganciclovir regimen is both safe and efficacious in preventing CMV infection among kidney transplant recipients during the first year posttransplantation.

12.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 379-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821546

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the prediction efficiency of scoring models at home and abroad on delayed graft function (DGF) after renal transplantation in China. Methods The clinical data of 112 donors and 220 recipients undergoing renal transplantation were prospectively analyzed. The DGF predicted by KDRI model, Jeldres model, and model of our center was compared with actual DGF incidence of renal transplant recipients. The prediction efficiency of each model was analyzed. The predictive accuracy was compared by the area under curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results The DGF incidence of 220 renal transplant recipients was 14.1% (31/220). DGF prediction using KDRI model showed that 41 cases were high risk donors, the AUC was 0.57, the sensitivity was 0.37, the specificity was 0.66, and the positive predictive value was 22%. DGF prediction using Jedres model showed that 22 cases were high risk recipients, the AUC was 0.56, the sensitivity was 0.13, the specificity was 0.92 and the positive predictive value was 20%. DGF prediction using the model of our center showed that 25 cases were high risk donors, the AUC was 0.80, the sensitivity was 0.53, the specificity was 0.84, the positive predictive value was 40%. Conclusions Compared with the KDRI and Jedres models, the prediction model of our center has higher AUC and sensitivity with a better prediction efficiency on DGF. Therefore, it is a suitable evaluation system of donors from donation after citizen's death in Chinese.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3826-3836, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828379

ABSTRACT

Magnolia officinalis is a traditional Chinese medicine,with many years of cultivating process, M. officinalis leaves show more differentiation types due to the exchange of seeds from different provenances. "Da Ao"(DA), "Xiao Ao"(XA), "Chuan Hou"(CH),and "Liu Ye"(LY)are the main types of M. officinalis in Sichuan province of China,and there were obvious differences in growth rate,chemical composition,leaf shape and leaf colour. This study selected different types of M. officinalis leaves(DA,XA,LY and CH)from Sichuan to determine their chlorophyll content. Transcriptomic level sequencing of different types of M. officinalis leaf tissues was by high-throughput sequencing analysis and proteomics used an integrated approach involving TMT labelling and LC-MS/MS to quantify the dynamic changes of the whole proteome of M. officinalis. The results showed that CH had the lowest chlorophyll content while DA had the highest chlorophyll content. Furthermore,transcriptome and proteomics results showed that chlorophyll synthesis pathway in DA glutamine-tRNA reductase,urinary porphyrins decarboxylase(UROD),oxygen-dependent protoporphyrin(ODCO),the original-Ⅲ oxidase protoporphyrin oxidase(PPO),magnesium chelating enzyme subunit ChlD,protoporphyrin magnesium Ⅸ monomethyl ester [oxidative] cyclase(MPPMC)were significantly higher than CH,XA and LY,consistent in the results of determination of chlorophyll content(chlorophyll content was highest of 37.56 mg·g~(-1) FW). Some rate-limiting enzymes related to the chlorophyll synthesis,such as ODCO,PPO and MPPMC were tested by Parallel Reaction Monitoring(PRM),and the results showed that the rate-limiting enzyme content in DA was higher than that in other three types. Therefore,based on the differences in leaf color of four types of M. officinalis,the research conducted a preliminary study on the chlorophyll metabolism pathway in leaves of different types of M. officinalis,and explored relevant genes and proteins causing leaf color differences from the molecular level,so as to lay a foundation for studying the differences in growth and development of different types of M. officinalis.


Subject(s)
China , Chlorophyll , Chromatography, Liquid , Magnolia , Plant Leaves , Proteome , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Transcriptome
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5373-5382, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878772

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to investigate the active components and mechanism of Taohong Siwu Decoction in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea(PD) based on network pharmacology and molecular docking technology. Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) was used to search the chemical compositions and targets of six herbs in Taohong Siwu Decoction. The targets for PD treatment were selected through the databases of DrugBank, OMIM, TTD and CTD, and gene annotation of the targets was conducted with UniProt database. Cytoscape 3.7.2 was then used to construct the drug-compound-target network. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed based on STRING, and the core targets of Taohong Siwu Decoction in the treatment of PD were selected according to the topological parameters. David database was used for GO enrichment analysis and KOBAS 3.0 was used for KEGG enrichment analysis. The molecular docking technology was used to connect the components with higher medium values in the network with core targets. The results showed that the network contained 36 compounds such as quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, myricanone and ferulic acid, and 99 targets such as PTGS2, PTGS2, PGR and PPARG. Totally 102 GO terms were obtained by GO functional enrichment analysis(P<0.01), and 228 signal pathways were obtained by KEGG pathway enrichment(P<0.05), mainly involving inflammatory factors, hormone regulation, central analgesia, amino acid metabolism and spasmolysis. The results of molecular docking showed that the main active components can spontaneously bind to the targets. This study preliminarily revealed the mechanism of Taohong Siwu Decoction for treatment of primary dysmenorrheal through multi-components, multi-targets and multi-pathways, providing theoretical references for further researches on mechanism of Taohong Siwu Decoction.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Molecular Docking Simulation , Technology
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1354-1358, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772214

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The enteric reconstruction procedure of pancreatic stump after pancreaticoduodenectomy remains to be the critical factor influencing the mortality and morbidity. No widely accepted surgical procedure for the pancreaticojejunostomy has been erected yet. We have developed a new technique of pancreaticojejunostomy named "shark mouth pancreaticojejunostomy." The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of "shark mouth pancreaticojejunostomy."@*METHODS@#This is a prospective single-arm observational study to evaluate the clinical efficacy of "shark mouth pancreaticojejunostomy." Patients with diseases, in whom a pancreaticoduodenectomy is indicated, would be recruited from Peking University Third Hospital. The hypothesis to be tested is that a "shark mouth pancreaticojejunostomy" will reduce fistula rate from around 20% to less than 10%. A sample size of 120 patients will be needed. The primary endpoint is the incidence rate of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). The secondary endpoints of the study are anastomosis time, postoperative hospital stay, and morbidities besides the POPF such as the hemorrhage. Enrolled patients will undergo pancreaticoduodenectomy and be followed up for 3 months. The relevant data will be monitored and recorded.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The current trial will explore the therapeutic value of the newly raised pancreaticojejunostomy procedure as the "shark mouth pancreaticojejunostomy." Its theoretical base and pragmatic feature will promise high external validity.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Clinical Trials.gov: NCT03366038; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1354-1358, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800852

ABSTRACT

Background@#The enteric reconstruction procedure of pancreatic stump after pancreaticoduodenectomy remains to be the critical factor influencing the mortality and morbidity. No widely accepted surgical procedure for the pancreaticojejunostomy has been erected yet. We have developed a new technique of pancreaticojejunostomy named "shark mouth pancreaticojejunostomy." The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of "shark mouth pancreaticojejunostomy."@*Methods@#This is a prospective single-arm observational study to evaluate the clinical efficacy of "shark mouth pancreaticojejunostomy." Patients with diseases, in whom a pancreaticoduodenectomy is indicated, would be recruited from Peking University Third Hospital. The hypothesis to be tested is that a "shark mouth pancreaticojejunostomy" will reduce fistula rate from around 20% to less than 10%. A sample size of 120 patients will be needed. The primary endpoint is the incidence rate of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). The secondary endpoints of the study are anastomosis time, postoperative hospital stay, and morbidities besides the POPF such as the hemorrhage. Enrolled patients will undergo pancreaticoduodenectomy and be followed up for 3 months. The relevant data will be monitored and recorded.@*Conclusions@#The current trial will explore the therapeutic value of the newly raised pancreaticojejunostomy procedure as the "shark mouth pancreaticojejunostomy." Its theoretical base and pragmatic feature will promise high external validity.@*Trial registration@#Clinical Trials.gov: NCT03366038; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.

17.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 645-650, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745846

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of quality evaluation of donated kidney after citizen's death on prognosis of renal allograft recipients.Methods A retrospective analysis on 577 cases of deceased organ donation/1084 cases of renal transplantation was made in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from December 2011 to August 2018.The quality of donor/ donated kidney was evaluated through various aspects,and the prognostic data of renal transplant recipients were summarized and analyzed.Results 1 084 cases of donated kidney transplantation were completed,and the average follow-up time was (14.3 ± 13.5) months.The 1-and 3-year survival rate of transplant recipients was 97.4% and 92.1%,respectively,and the 1-and 3-year survival rate of transplanted kidney was 94.6% and 89.2% respectively.There were significant differences in human/ kidney survival rate and DGF incidence after renal transplantation among those various groups according to the criteria of subdivision of score of points for donor assessment.Conclusion Comprehensive evaluation of donated kidney quality in all aspects has a significant positive effect on improving the effect of transplantation.

18.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 276-281, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710692

ABSTRACT

Objective Hypothermic machine perfusion may improve the outcome after transplantation of kidney donated after citizen's death (DCD),but few powered prospective studies have been reported,especially in China.The aim is to compare hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) with simple cold storage (SCS) in Chinese DCD kidney transplantation,which can offer an optimal method for graft storage with better graft function and survival.Methods 54 kidney pairs from DCD donors were included in this controlled trial in one single center from December 2015 to March 2017.Every two kidneys from each DCD donor wavs randomly assigned to HMP and SCS group.One-year recipient and graft survival rate and endpoints containing the incidence of DGF,the duration of DGF,creatinine reduction ratio (CRR),estimated glomerular filtration rate (Egfr),primary non-function (PNF),acute rejection (AR),toxicity of the immunosuppressive drugs,nosocomial infections and the length of hospital stay were compared between HMP and SCS group.Results One-year recipient survival rate was 98.15 % and 96.23% after DCD transplant in HMP and SCS group,and one-year graft survival rate was 90.74% and 88.68%,respectively.DGF incidence was 9.62% in total DCD kidney transplant,8.00% in HMP group and 11.11% in SCS group,which was no difference in two groups.22 DCD was from expanded criteria donor (ECD) donation,DGF happened in 15.91% ECD kidney transplant.However,HMP reduced the incidence of DGF from 27.27% to 4.55% after ECD kidney transplant,which was significantly different (x2 =4.247,P =0.039).HMP group acquired significantly lower creatinine level (130.95 ± 46.60) μmol/L than SCS group (181.64 ± 72.94) μmol/L on day 14 after ECD transplant (t =-2.686,P =0.011).Conclusion There was a higher recipient and graft survival rate after DCD and ECD kidney transplant,which would be an effective method to expand donor pool for kidney transplant.HMP was not associated with lower DGF rate in DCD kidney transplant and more rapid recovery in early graft function.However,HMP preservation not only made renal function recover more rapidly but reduced the risk of DGF after ECD kidney transplant.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 832-839, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266900

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Improving islet graft revascularization has become a crucial task for prolonging islet graft survival. Endothelial cells (ECs) are the basis of new microvessels in an isolated islet, and EC coating has been demonstrated to improve the vascularization and survival of an islet. However, the traditional method of EC coating of islets has low efficiency in vitro. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a polyglycolic acid (PGA) scaffold on the efficiency of islet coating by ECs and the angiogenesis in the coated islet graft.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A PGA fibrous scaffold was used for EC coating of islet culture and was evaluated for its efficiency of EC coating on islets and islet graft angiogenesis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In in vitro experiments, we found that apoptosis index of ECs-coating islet in PGA group (27% ± 8%) was significantly lower than that in control group (83% ± 20%, P < 0.05) after 7 days culture. Stimulation index was significantly greater in the PGA group than in the control group at day 7 after ECs-coating (2.07 ± 0.31 vs. 1.80 ± 0.23, P < 0.05). vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) level in the PGA group was significantly higher than the coating in the control group after 7 days culture (52.10 ± 13.50 ng/ml vs. 16.30 ± 8.10 ng/ml, P < 0.05). Because of a tight, circumvallated, adhesive and three-dimensional growth microenvironment, islet cultured in a PGA scaffold had higher coating efficiency showing stronger staining intensity of enzyme than those in the control group after 14 days of culture following ECs-coating. For in vivo study, PGA scaffold significantly prolonged the average survival time of EC-coated islet graft after transplantation compared with control group (15.30 ± 5.60 days vs. 8.30 ± 2.45 days, P < 0.05). The angiogenesis and area of survived grafts were more in the PGA group compared with the control group by measuring the mean microvessel density (8.60 ± 1.21/mm2 vs. 5.20 ± 0.87/mm2, P < 0.05). In addition, expression of VEGF and tyrosin-protein kinase receptor (Tie-2) gene increased in PGA scaffold group than that in control group by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>These results demonstrate that the efficiency of EC coating of islets was successfully increased by culturing ECs on a PGA scaffold. This method enhances the function, survival, and vascularization of isolated islets in vitro and in vivo.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis , Endothelial Cells , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Graft Survival , Insulin , Metabolism , Islets of Langerhans , Islets of Langerhans Transplantation , Methods , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Polyglycolic Acid , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Wistar , Tissue Scaffolds , Chemistry
20.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 139-141, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792592

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn the stroke occurrence status and the influencing factors of the patients with type 2 diabetes,and to provide the basis for the prevention of stroke.Methods Patients with type 2 diabetes which were reported in 2011 year from the system of chronic disease monitoring information management of Zhejiang Province were selected and followed -up until October in 2014.Stroke occurrence were recorded and the influencing factors were analyzed.Results The incidence rate was 5.22% (59/1 129),and the annual incidence was 1.56%.Fifty six cases (94.92%) were ischemic stroke.Logistic regression analysis showed that older than 65 and hypertension were risk factors for type 2 diabetes complicated with stroke.The group of 65-and 75-were associated with higher risk of stroke than 45-(OR =3.38,95% CI:1.39-8.24;OR =7.77,2.14-28.24).Hypertensionin were the influencing factors of stroke among patients with type 2 diabetes (OR =10.92,95% CI:5.94-20.09).Conclusion Older age and hypertension were risk factors for type 2 diabetes complicated with stroke.Therefore effective control blood pressure among older patients with type 2 diabetes should be strengthed to prevent stroke.

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