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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 409-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922916

ABSTRACT

We investigated the ability of Dracocephalum moldavica (EPDM) flavonoids to protect human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) from necroptosis induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury. To mimic the process of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, a necroptosis model was established by treatment with the pan-cysteine aspartic acid protease (caspase) inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK combined with oxygen-glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation (OGD/R) injury using HBMECs. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity (cell counting kit-8, CCK-8) was used to measure cell viability. A Hoechst33342/PI fluorescent double-staining method was exploited to determine the rate of cell necroptosis. A commercial kit was used to detect lactate dehydrogenase in the cell culture supernate. DCFH-DA probes, calcein AM and JC-1 probes were used to measure changes in ROS production, mitochondrial membrane permeability transformation pore (MPTP) opening and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), respectively. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were chosen to detect the release of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Western blotting was used to detect necroptosis-related proteins. The results show that relative to control group, Z-VAD-FMK combined with OGD/R injury reduced cell viability, increased the necroptosis rate and the levels of LDH and ROS in HBMECs. The MPTP of the model group cells opened and the MMP reduced. TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 levels were significantly elevated. Furthermore, the expression of receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and mitochondrial phosphoglycerate mutase 5 (PGAM5) was significantly increased, accompanied by an increase of phosphorylated mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein (p-MLKL)/MLKL. EPDM partially reversed the changes of the above-mentioned factors in HBMECs induced by Z-VAD-FMK plus OGD/R injury. These results indicate that EPDM may protect HBMECs from cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by inhibiting the RIP3/MLKL/PGAM5 pathway and MPTP opening to maintain mitochondrial function, thereby providing a scientific basis for the use of EPDM in the treatment of cerebral ischemia-related diseases.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928318

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of using lengthened trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft in patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From December 2010 to December 2018, 18 patients underwent revision of total hip arthroplasty with extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation and autogenous bone graft, including 8 males and 10 females with an average age of (78.89±3.32) years old ranging from 68 to 82 years. The time from the initial replacement to the revision was 9 to 22 (16.33±2.93) years. The patients were followed up regularly after operation. The healing time of osteotomy, the time of full weight-bearing activity, Harris score of hip joint and complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 18 patients were followed up for 16 to 38 months with an average of (25.78±6.65) months. The incision length was 16 to 21 cm with an average of (18.89±1.32) cm; the operation time was 105 to 128 min with an average of (115.44±6.59) min, the bleeding volume was 240 to 285 ml with an average of (267.44±13.77) ml. The healing time of osteotomy was 12 to 18 weeks with an average of (15.61±1.75) weeks. Harris score of hip joint was (47.11±5.04) before operation, (76.39±3.85) during full weight-bearing activities, and (82.22±2.76) at the final follow-up(P<0.05). During the follow-up period, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor incision healing, prosthesis loosening and sinking, and periprosthetic fracture.@*CONCLUSION@#In revision total hip arthroplasty, the use of extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft can achieve satisfactory clinical results, but the surgeon needs to make a systematic plan for the pre-revision, intraoperative and postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Bone Transplantation , Bone Wires , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Male , Osteotomy/methods
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926478

ABSTRACT

Background@#There is an urgent need to find reliable and rapid bovine tuberculosis (bTB) diagnostics in response to the rising prevalence of bTB worldwide. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) recognizes components of bTB and initiates antigen-presenting cells to mediate humoral immunity. Evaluating the affinity of antigens with TLR2 can form the basis of a new method for the diagnosis of bTB based on humoral immunity. @*Objectives@#To develop a reliable and rapid strategy to improve diagnostic tools for bTB. @*Methods@#In this study, we expressed and purified the sixteen bTB-specific recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli. The two antigenic proteins, MPT70 and MPT83, which were most valuable for serological diagnosis of bTB were screened. Molecular docking technology was used to analyze the affinity of MPT70, MPT83, dominant epitope peptide of MPT70 (M1), and dominant epitope peptide MPT83 (M2) with TLR2, combined with the detection results of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to evaluate the molecular docking effect. @*Results@#The results showed that interaction surface Cα-atom root mean square deviation of proteins (M1, M2, MPT70, MPT83)-TLR2 protein are less than 2.5 A, showing a high affinity.It is verified by clinical serum samples that MPT70, MPT83, MPT70-MPT83 showed good diagnostic potential for the detection of anti-bTB IgG and M1, M2 can replace the whole protein as the detection antigen. @*Conclusions@#Molecular docking to evaluate the affinity of bTB protein and TLR2 combined with ELISA provides new insights for the diagnosis of bTB.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 240-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920855

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 155 recipients undergoing lung transplantation in Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from July 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the incidence of central airway stenosis following lung transplantation, all recipients were divided into the stenosis group (n=36) and control group (n=119). The incidence of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation was summarized. The risk factors of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation were assessed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results Among 155 lung transplant recipients, 36 cases (23.2%) developed central airway stenosis. The average incidence time was (53±13) d after lung transplantation. Univariate analysis demonstrated that bilateral lung transplantation, grade 3 primary graft dysfunction (PGD), airway fungal infection, long cold ischemia time, long mechanical ventilation time and long intensive care unit (ICU) stay were the risk factors for central airway stenosis after lung transplantation (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that airway fungal infection, long cold ischemia time and long mechanical ventilation time were the independent risk factors for central airway stenosis after lung transplantation (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Airway fungal infection after lung transplantation, long cold ischemia time and long mechanical ventilation time probably lead to central airway stenosis after lung transplantation. Active preventive measures and intimate monitoring should be taken to improve the quality of life of the recipients after lung transplantation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of double plate combined with iliac bone graft in the treatment of femoral nonunion after intramedullary nailing.@*METHODS@#From December 2008 to December 2017, double plate combined with autogenous iliac bone graft was used to treat femoral nonunion after intramedullary nailing. There were 11 cases, including 10 males and 1 female, aged 35 to 62 years, and the time from fracture to nonunion was 12 to 20 months. According to Judet classification, there were 8 cases of atrophic nonunion and 3 cases of proliferative nonunion. Regular follow-up was conducted after operation to record the fracture healing time, load-bearing activity time and complications, and to observe the repair effect of double plate fixation combined with iliac bone graft on nonunion after femoral shaft fracture operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 22 months. The operation time was 70 to 130 min and the blood loss was 180 to 350 ml. After operation, 2 cases had knee stiffness, which recovered after passive exercise with CPM machine for 2 weeks;1 case had pain in iliac bone donor area, which was relieved after 3 months. The time of fracture healing was 24 to 40 weeks, and the time of complete weight-bearing activity was 14 to 32 weeks. SF-36 quality of life score at the final follow-up:body pain 70 to 82, activty 70 to 82, social function 72 to 83, the overall health 72 to 82. At the end of the follow-up, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor wound healing, internal fixation failure (fracture, loosening).@*CONCLUSION@#It is an effective method to treat nonunion of femur after intramedullary nailing by using double plate combined with autogenous iliac bone graft.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Nails , Bone Plates , Bone Transplantation , Female , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Ununited/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879090

ABSTRACT

To analyze the study advance of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma, this study utilized CiteSpace 5.6.R5 software to conduct bibliometrics analysis on the Chinese literatures of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma from 1990 to 2020 included in the CNKI database retrieval platform. The analysis contents involved the number of published papers, co-authors, cooperative institutions, emergence, co-occurrence and clustering of keywords. A total of 808 Chinese literatures were included in the study, of which 17 were published by SUN Rong, the author with the most published papers, and formed a research team centered on SUN Rong; the analysis of the cooperation of publishing institutions showed that the Drug Safety Evaluation Research Center, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine was the organization with the largest number of publications, with a total of 29 articles. It also formed a scientific research coorperation institution with Shandong Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine as the core, and formed a relatively close cooperative network relationship. The analysis of literature keywords showed that the research direction was concentrated on the traditional Chinese medicine of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma, pharmacological mechanism, and side effects, active ingredients, etc. Among them, the research on the efficacy and toxicity of the active ingredients of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma has become a hot trend.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Rhizome , Sophora
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879002

ABSTRACT

To analyze the study advance of Strychni Semen, a kind of traditional Chinese medicine, this study systematically retrieved the related Chinese literatures about Strychni Semen from CNKI database platforms and the core database of Web of Science, and used bibliometrics and CiteSpace 5.6.R5 software to visually display the authors, research institutions, keywords and other contents. A total of 1 895 Chinese literatures and 1 599 English literatures were included in the study. The analysis of Chinese and English literature authors showed that CAI Bao-chang and CHEN Jun had the most publications on Strychni Semen, and CAI Bao-chang's team was the core research team. According to the analysis of publishing institutions, Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Chinese Academy of Science were the research institutions with the largest number of Chinese and English literatures, respectively. But there was less cooperation between Chinese and English study institutions. The analysis of keywords in Chinese and English literatures showed that the research contents of Strychni Semen mainly focused on component analysis, research methods, receptor targets, clinical application, synergistic and attenuation measures. Break analysis showed that the apoptosis induced by Strychni Semen was a hot research topic, and research on components, toxicity and pharmacokinetics will be the research hotspot in future. The research on Strychni Semen is still in the developing period. This study has provided reference for the rapid grasp of the research contents and the judgment of research hotspots.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Databases, Factual , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research Design , Semen
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873623

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the safety and effectiveness of the multi-artery graf tstrategy for coronary bypass (MICS-CABG) with small incision in the left chest, and to provide experience for the promotion of this technique. Methods    The clinical data of 64 patients with MICS-CABG in Department of Cardiac Surgery of Peking University Third Hospital from December 2015 to November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 54 males and 10 females, aged 36-77 (61.1±8.7) years. The left lateral thoracic incision (5-8 cm) was made through the 5th intercostal incision, and the operation was performed under off-pump CABG. With the help of the chest wall suspension device and the heart fixator, the proximal anastomosis of the ascending aorta, anastomosis of the target vessels of the left anterior descending (LAD), left circumflex (LCX) and right coronary artery (RCA) systems were completed. The number of grafts was 2-4 (2.3±0.5) including 2 grafts in 45 patients, 3 grafts in 17 patients and 4 grafts in 2 patients. Three patients were treated with percutaneous intervention (PCI) hybridization and 62 patients were treated with total artery bypass graft. Coronary angiography was performed within 7 days after the operation to evaluate the graft patency rate. The incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) was recorded in the follow-up. The MACCE rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Results    None of the patients was transferred to thoracotomy and no intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was used during the operation.  Incision infection was in 1 patient and reoperation in 2 patients (all were postoperative hemorrhage). Within 30 days after surgery, MACCE occurred in 1 patient, including 1 patient of non-fatal myocardial infarction. The overall patency rate of angiography bypass was 96.2%, and the patency rate of anterior descending branch bypass was 98.2%. Follow-up was performed from 12 to 60 months (median follow-up time was 28 months). The loss rate was 7.8% (5/64). The incidence of MACCE was 84.9% (95%CI 79.5%-90.3%). Conclusion    The MICS-CABG can achieve completed re-vascularization and totally artery-CABG and the short-term and medium-term clinical results of the operation are good.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907422

ABSTRACT

DNA is an important biological molecule that contains genetic information. Ionizing radiation generally exists in the environment of modern uranium mining, radiological medicine and nuclear power plants. Improper protection of the human body against ionizing radiation may cause various types of DNA damage, make genome splicing unstable, and cause various biological diseases related to cancer and aging. The development of DNA radiation damage detection technology is helpful for researchers to assess the extent of biological radiation damage and to diagnose and treat patients with nuclear radiation. In this paper, the domestic and abroad research progress in DNA radiation damage detection methods was reviewed, in which the principles, functions, advantages and disadvantages of relevant detection methods were described, and the future development direction of DNA radiation damage detection methods was prospected.

10.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 533-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886780

ABSTRACT

Lung transplantation is the only effective treatment of most end-stage lung diseases. Airway anastomotic complications are the main obstacles affecting the postoperative survival and quality of life of lung transplant recipients. Airway anastomotic stenosis is the most common airway anastomotic complication after lung transplantation. In recent years, improvements in the recipient selection, organ preservation, surgical techniques, postoperative intensive care management, immunosuppression, antifungal and endoscopic treatment have decreased the incidence of airway anastomotic stenosis and improved the surgical efficacy of lung transplantation and the survival of the recipients. In this article, the pathogenesis, risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of airway anastomotic stenosis after lung transplantation were reviewed, aiming to provide novel ideas for clinical research, diagnosis and treatment of airway anastomotic stenosis following lung transplantation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792985

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the guiding significance of lumbar quantitative computed tomography (QCT) in percutaneous vertebroplasty (PKP) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 90 patients with OVCF underwent PKP from December 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 24 femalesand66males, withanaverage agedof (74.47±6.60) yearsold. Allpatientswere received QCT examination before surgery, andaccording to the QCT value oflumbarspine, the patientswere dividedinto osteopenia decrease group (80 to 120 g/L, 17 cases, 30 vertebrae), osteoporosis group (40 to 80 g/L, 44 cases, 66 vertebrae) and severe osteoporosis group (<40 g/L, 29 cases, 39 vertebrae). Bone cement was injected into vertebral body, AP and lateral X-rays were done during operation. The diffusion and leakage of bone cement in injured vertebrae of patients with different QCT values were observed. Unilateral approach was used for patients whose bone cement diffused beyond the midline of the vertebral body, otherwise, and bilateral approach was adopted, and guiding significance of QCT in PKP for OVCF was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In 90 cases of 135 vertebrae, 72 cases of 98 vertebral bone cement diffused beyond the midline, accounting for 72.59%. Unilateral approach was used for the 72 patients whose bone cement diffused beyond the midline of the vertebral body, among them, there were 5 cases with 8 vertebrae in osteopenia group, 40 cases with 55 vertebrae in osteoporosis group and 27 cases with 35 vertebrae in severe osteoporosis group. There was significant difference in the bone cement dispersion between three groups (=41.397, =0.000). Moreover, no bone cement leakage occurred in osteopenia group, 3 cases of 4 vertebrae occurred in osteoporosis group and 2 cases of 3 vertebrae in severe osteoporosis group. However, none of the patients with bone cement leakage caused nerve injury and other symptoms, and there was no significant difference in bone cement leakage between the three groups (=2.242, =0.326).@*CONCLUSION@#According to the QCT examination of lumbar spine, defining the degree of osteoporosis and guiding the puncture method can shorten the operation time, reduce the number of fluoroscopy, and effectively improve the safety of vertebroplasty.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 289-293, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789031

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of Rehmanniae Radix Preparatawere prepared according to the traditional method of "jiu zheng jiu shai" and investigated using multiple chromatographic methods. Six alkaloids were isolated and their structures were elucidated from spectral data and physicochemical properties, as follows: rehmanniae alkaloid A (4-{[(5-O-á-D-galactopyranosyloxy)methyl]-1H-pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde-1-yl}butyric acidmethyl ester) (1), baimantuoluoamide B (2), capparisine C (3), harman-3-carboxylic acid (4), (2S)-1-[2-(furan-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxylate (5), and 1-[2-(furan-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]pyrrolidin-2-one (6). Among them, compound 1 is a new alkaloid. Compounds 2-6 were newly isolated from Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch.The effect of compounds 1-6 on NRK-52e cell injury induced by LPS was investigated. The results show that compounds 1-3 exhibit protective effects against LPS-induced damage to NRK-52e cells.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828298

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of bio lengthened stem arthroplasty replacement in the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to January 2018, 64 elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures were analyzed retrospectively. According to the surgical treatment, patients were divided into arthroplasty replacement group (bio-lengthened stem arthroplasty replacement) and internal fixation group (PFNA). In the arthroplasty group, there were 34 cases, including 19 males and 15 females, with an average age of (81.32±3.81) years old. The Evans classification of fracture was type Ⅲ in 15 cases, type Ⅳ in 16 cases and type Ⅴ in 3 cases. In the internal fixation group, there were 30 cases, including 14 males and 16 females, with an average age of (79.90±3.61) years old. The Evans classification of fracture was type Ⅲ in 10 cases, type Ⅳ in 15 cases and type V in 5 cases. X ray and CT showed unstable intertrochanteric fracture of femur. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and complications were observed. Harris hip function score and SF-36 life quality score were used to evaluate the clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All the incisions healed in stage Ⅰ. All patients were followed up for 13 to 39 months with an average of 23.4 months. The operation time and bleeding volume of the patients in the arthroplasty replacement group were more than those in the internal fixation group (<0.05). At the final follow-up, Harris function score of hip joint in the arthroplasty group was better than that in the internal fixation group (< 0.05);SF-36 life quality score in the arthroplasty group was better than that in the internal fixation group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The treatmentof unstable intertrochanteric fractures with bio-lengthened stem arthroplasty replacement and internal fixation can achieve good clinical results, but with bio-lengthened stem arthroplasty replacement, the postoperative complications are less, the function of hip joint is better, and the life quality and satisfaction of patients are higher.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Bone Nails , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip Fractures , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1012-1018, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop an automated chimeric analysis and reporting platform based on short tandem repeat (STR) and capillary electrophoresis methods for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) so as to improve work efficiency.@*METHODS@#Apache, MySQL, PHP and HTML5 were used to build the database and interface. The STR locus geno typing and chimeric analysis logic and flow were set up on the basis of STR rules and capillary electrophoresis. STR genotyping and 194 times of chimeric testing data of 100 patients after allo-HSCT were used to test the platform for automatic STR locus genotyping, chimeric calculation and report generation.@*RESULTS@#The established platform could realize the functions of STR locus customization, STR genotype determination, automatic chimeric analysis, and detection information database management, which can automatically generate an integrated report including multiple sequential chimeric results and trend graphs for the same patient and can be accessed and used simultaneously by different users through different browser interfaces. The results of automated analysis by the platform are completely consistent with that of manual analysis by experienced technicians, and the possibility of manual analysis error is reduced through automation. The time required for automatic analysis using this platform is approximately 1/6-1/5 of manual analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The automatic analysis platform built in this study is operation stable and reliable in analysis results, which can improve work efficiency and report connotation, thus worthing popularized and applicable.


Subject(s)
Electrophoresis, Capillary , Genotype , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Microsatellite Repeats , Tissue Donors
15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 934-939, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823631

ABSTRACT

?AIM:To analyze the morphological changes of macular soft drusen and drusenoid pigmental epithulium detachment ( DPED ) after subthreshold micropulse laser treatment ( SMLT) .?METHODS: Fourteen patients ( 20 affected eyes ) with soft drusen and DPED clinically confirmed from August 2016 to October 2018, were included in this study. 577 nm yellow laser of SMLT was applied for soft drusen and DPED. The changes of soft drusen and DPED in best corrected visual acuity ( BCVA ) ( LogMAR ) and height, diameter and cross-sessional area according to fundus autofluorescence and SD - OCT examinations were observed after SMLT.?RESULTS: BCVA was not significant difference after treatment of soft drusen (P=0.260), and the DPED (P=0. 736 ) than that of the baseline. Compared with the baseline values, the height and cross-sessional area of soft drusen were reduced at the 6mo after treatment ( P=0. 008, P=0.034) . Compared with the baseline values, the differences were not statistically significant in height, diameter and cross - sectional area of DPED after treatment.?CONCLUSION: BCVA was not reduced for drusen and DPED after SMLT, however, the height and cross -sessional area of soft drusen was reduced compared with those before treatment, and the differences were not statistically significant in height, diameter and cross -sectional area of DPED before and after treatment. The results indicated that SMLT was effective for soft drusen, but was not effective for short-term treatment of DPED. SMLT caused no damage to the visual acuity in treatment of soft drusen and DPED, but prospective, controlled, large sample and long-term follow-up studies should be required.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3443-3447, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of duloxetine in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical drug use. METHODS: Retrieved from the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, CNKI databases, CBM and VIP databases, randomized controlled trials(RCTs) about duloxetine (trial group) versus placebo (control group)in the treatment of MDD were collected. After literature screening and data extraction, the quality of included studies was evaluated by using Cochrane systematic evaluator manual 5.1.0. Rev Man 5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 8 RCTs were included, involving a total of 2 772 cases. Meta-analysis showed that the decrease of Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale [MD=-3.97,95%CI(-4.71,-3.24),P<0.000 01], the decrease of Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale[MD=-2.12,95%CI(-3.66,-0.57),P=0.007], the decrease of Clinical Global Impression-Severity [MD=-0.47,95%CI(-0.73,-0.21),P=0.000 4], the decrease of Clinical Global Impression-Improvement Scale [MD=-0.58,95%CI(-0.92,-0.25),P=0.000 6] and the decrease of Sheehan Disability Scale [MD=-2.82,95%CI(-4.55,-1.09),P=0.001] in trial group were significantly more than control group. The incidence of nausea, dry mouth, constipation, vomiting, dizziness, drowsiness, insomnia, hyperhidrosis and anorexia in the trial group was significantly higher than control group (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in the incidence of serious ADR, diarrhea, headache and dyspepsia between 2 groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Duloxetine shows significant therapeutic efficacy for the treatment of MDD, but it will increase the occurrence of common mild ADR.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774041

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the features of new-onset organ dysfunction in children with sepsis in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of children with sepsis who were admitted to the PICU from 2015 to 2016. There were 34 children with severe sepsis and 69 with non-severe sepsis, and the two groups were compared in terms of the incidence rate of new-onset organ dysfunction and the functional status on admission and at discharge.@*RESULTS@#The severe sepsis group had a significantly higher incidence rate of new-onset organ dysfunction than the non-severe sepsis group (38% vs 6%; P<0.05). The children in the non-severe sepsis group had a relatively good functional status on admission, with marked improvement in the overall functional status at discharge. The children in the severe sepsis group had a poor functional status on admission, with mild/moderate abnormalities in consciousness, sensation, communication and respiratory function at discharge.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with non-severe sepsis have a low incidence rate of new-onset organ dysfunction and a good prognosis, and those with severe sepsis often have a high incidence rate of new-onset organ dysfunction and a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Multiple Organ Failure , Patient Discharge , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis
18.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1557-1567, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763205

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) of non-upper aerodigestive tract (NUAT) was found to have clinical heterogeneity compared with NKTCL of the upper aerodigestive tract (UAT) in small scale studies. We conducted this study in a much larger cohort to analyze the clinical characteristics, prognostic factors, treatment modality, and clinical outcomes of patients with NUAT-NKTCL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2001 to December 2017, a total of 757 NKTCL patients were identified and included in this study, including 92 NUAT-NKTCL patients (12.2%) and 665 UAT-NKTCLpatients (87.8%). RESULTS: NUAT-NKTCL patients had relatively poorer performance status, more unfavorable prognostic factors, and more advanced stage, compared with UAT-NKTCL patients. The 5-year overall survival (OS) was 34.7% for NUAT-NKTCL, which was significantly worse than UAT-NKTCL (64.2%, p<0.001). The median OS duration was 30.9 months for NUAT-NKTCL. Multivariate analysis showed that presence with B symptoms and elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase independently predicted worse OS. International prognostic index score and prognostic index of natural killer lymphoma score still had prognostic values in NUAT-NKTCL, while the Ann Arbor system could not accurately predict the OS. CONCLUSION: NUAT-NKTCL is a distinctive subtype of NKTCL in many aspects. Patients with NUAT-NKTCL have relatively poorer performance status, more unfavorable prognostic factors, more advanced stage, and poorer prognosis.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Humans , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell , Multivariate Analysis , Population Characteristics , Prognosis
19.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 143-147, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703831

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the early experience and clinical value of left anteriolateral minor thoracotomy minimally invasive directly coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) for treating multi-vessel lesion coronary artery disease (CAD) with bilateral internal mammary artery (BITA). Methods: Our research included in 2 groups: MIDCABG group, n=38 consecutive patients received left anteriolateral minor thoracotomy MIDCAB with BITA in our hospital from 2015-05 to 2017-01 and Control group, n=236 patients received conventional off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) by the same surgeon at same period. Peri-operative condition and relevant complications were compared between 2 groups. Results: In MIDCAB group, the success rate for harvesting BIMA was 94.7% (36/38), the mean time for harvesting right internal mammary artery (RIMA) and LIMA were (42.3±10.5) min and (35.2±8.3) min respectively; a total of 78 grafts were made in 38 patients with the mean of (2.05±0.31) graft/patient, no patient was switching to conventional CABG during the operation. Compared with Control group, MIDCAB group had reduced post-operative mechanical ventilation time (8.9±3.8) h vs (23.6±15.9) h, ICU stay time (29.3±20.8) h vs (56.5±38.3) h and hospital stay time (11.3±3.2) d vs (15.7±4.2) d, all P<0.05; while the incidence of peri-operative MACCE including death, myocardial infarction (MI), revascularization, cerebrovascular accident and poor incision healing were similar between 2 groups, P>0.05. No occlusion of anastomotic stoma was found by post-operative coronary angiography in neither group. The patients were followed-up for the average of 3 months, no death, angina or MI occurred. Conclusion: Through left anterolateral small incision, we can successfully get bilateral internal mammary artery and complete beating heart multi branch CABG.

20.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 61-64, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698867

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of oropharyngeal healthy exercise combined with guided education in the treatment of dysphagia in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods 90 AD inpatients in the geriatric psychiatric department of Guangzhou Huiai Hospital during May 2014 and August 2015 were equally randomized into the study group and the control group with a random digit table:the former group was treated with routine oral muscles training and the latter with oropharyngeal healthy exercises combined with guided education plus routine muscles training. The comparison was done between the groups in terms of the total curative effectiveness 4 weeks following the intervention. Result The total effective rate in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.01). Conclusion The oropharyngeal healthy exercise combined with guided education can effectively promote the recovery of swallowing function in AD patients.

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