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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 289-296, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012502

ABSTRACT

Organ transplantation has become an effective treatment for multiple end-stage diseases. However, the recipients of organ transplantation need to take immunosuppressive drugs for a long time after operation, which leads to low immune function and relatively high incidence of bacterial, viral and fungal infections. Traditional microbial detection methods, such as pathogen culture, immunological detection and polymerase chain reaction, have been widely applied in infection detection, whereas these methods may cause problems, such as long detection time and presumed pathogens. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing has been widely adopted in infection prevention and control in organ transplantation in recent years due to high detection rate and comprehensive detection of pathogen spectrum. In this article, the application of metagenomic next-generation sequencing in the prevention and control of infection in solid organ transplantation was reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the diagnosis and treatment of transplantation-related infection.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 236-243, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012494

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influencing factors of survival of patients with airway stenosis requiring clinical interventions after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 66 patients with airway stenosis requiring clinical interventions after lung transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate and multivariate Cox’s regression models were adopted to analyze the influencing factors of survival of all patients with airway stenosis and those with early airway stenosis. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the overall survival and delineate the survival curve. Results For 66 patients with airway stenosis, the median airway stenosis-free time was 72 (52,102) d, 27% (18/66) for central airway stenosis and 73% (48/66) for distal airway stenosis. Postoperative mechanical ventilation time [hazard ratio (HR) 1.037, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.005-1.070, P=0.024] and type of surgery (HR 0.400, 95%CI 0.177-0.903, P=0.027) were correlated with the survival of patients with airway stenosis after lung transplantation. The longer the postoperative mechanical ventilation time, the higher the risk of mortality of the recipients. The overall survival of airway stenosis recipients undergoing bilateral lung transplantation was better than that of their counterparts after single lung transplantation. Subgroup analysis showed that grade 3 primary graft dysfunction (PGD) (HR 4.577, 95%CI 1.439-14.555, P=0.010) and immunosuppressive drugs (HR 0.079, 95%CI 0.022-0.287, P<0.001) were associated with the survival of patients with early airway stenosis after lung transplantation. The overall survival of patients with early airway stenosis after lung transplantation without grade 3 PGD was better compared with that of those with grade 3 PGD. The overall survival of patients with early airway stenosis after lung transplantation treated with tacrolimus was superior to that of their counterparts treated with cyclosporine. Conclusions Long postoperative mechanical ventilation time, single lung transplantation, grade 3 PGD and use of cyclosporine may affect the survival of patients with airway stenosis after lung transplantation.

3.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 1065-1068, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005942

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the technical methods and clinical efficacy of transvaginal or transrectal repair in the treatment of iatrogenic bladder fistula. 【Methods】 The clinical data of 7 cases of iatrogenic bladder fistula patients treated during 2016 and 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 6 cases of vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) and 1 case of vesicorectal fistula (VRF). The operation was conducted 3 to 10 months after the diagnosis of urinary fistula, and the vagina or rectum was fully cleaned before operation. Modified Latzko technique was employed to separate the gap between the bladder wall and vaginal or rectal wall along the fistula, the fistula scar was sharply removed, and the fistula, bladder wall, vaginal or intestinal wall, and vaginal or intestinal mucosa were sutured in layers. The urinary catheter was indwelled for 4 weeks. 【Results】 All 7 cases were successfully repaired at one procedure. No urine leakage was found after the urinary catheter was removed. There was no recurrence after 6 to 12 months of follow-up. 【Conclusion】 Selective application of the modified Latzko technique to repair iatrogenic urinary fistula through the natural lumen is an advantageous treatment scheme, which simplifies the operation and reduces trauma.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 989-994, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996722

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare and analyze the postoperative quality of life in patients after minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (MICABG) and conventional median thoracotomy off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (OPCABG). Methods    From November 2015 to January 2018, 94 patients who underwent MICABG in the Peking University Third Hospital were included in the MICABG group. During the same period 441 patients who received OPCABG were included in the OPCABG group. The patients were matched by using propensity score matching method with a ratio of 1∶1. The quality of life was compared between two groups at 1 month, 6 months and 12 months after the surgery using SF-36 scale. Results    A total of 82 patients were matched for each group. In the MICABG group, there were 66 males and 16 females with a mean age of 62.6±8.2 years. In the OPCABG group, there were 67 males and 15 females with a mean age of 63.2±13.2 years. One month after the operation, the physical health assessment (PCS) and mental health assessment (MCS) of the MICABG group were higher than those of the OPCABG group (50.3±10.6 points vs. 46.1±10.3 points, P=0.011; 59.5±9.3 points vs. 54.2±11.0 points, P=0.002). Scores of these following five dimensions: general health, physical functioning (PF), role-physical, social functioning (SF), role-emotion in the MICABG group were higher than those in the OPCABG group, while the score of body pain was inferior to that in the OPCABG group, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Six months after the surgery, the PCS and MCS of the two groups were not statistically different (80.0±13.1 points vs. 77.8±12.4 points, P=0.271; 81.6±13.5 points vs. 80.4±11.2 points, P=0.537). However, the scores of PF and SF in the MICABG group were still higher than those in the OPCABG group (P<0.05). Twelve months after the surgery, there was no statistical difference in the score of each dimension between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion    The improvement of quality of life within 6 months after MICABG is better than that of OPCABG, and it is similar between the two groups at 12 months after the surgery, indicating that MICABG has a certain effect of improving the short-term quality of life after the surgery, and the long-term quality of life is comparable to conventional surgery.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1578-1585, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978825

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of serum chitinase-3-like protein 1 (CHI3L1) in predicting the risk of decompensation events in patients with liver cirrhosis, since prediction of decompensation events and adoption of active preventive measures are the key to improving the survival time of patients with liver cirrhosis. Methods A case-control study was conducted for 305 patients with liver cirrhosis who were diagnosed and treated in Tianjin Second People's Hospital from January 2019 to May 2021, among whom there were 200 patients with compensated liver cirrhosis and 105 patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis at baseline. According to whether decompensation events occurred within 1 year, the 305 patients with liver cirrhosis were divided into decompensation group with 79 patients and non-decompensation group with 226 patients; according to whether decompensation events occurred for the first time within 1 year, the 200 patients with compensated liver cirrhosis were divided into first-time decompensation group with 43 patients and non-first-time decompensation group with 157 patients. The independent samples t -test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test or the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The binary logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the association between each variable and decompensation events; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were used to investigate the value of each variable in predicting decompensation events, and the maximum value of Youden index was used to determine the optimal cut-off value. Results The patients who experienced decompensation events within 1 year had a significantly higher baseline serum level of CHI3L1 than those who did not experience such events [243.00 (136.00-372.00) ng/mL vs 117.50 (67.75-205.25) ng/mL, U =4720.500, P < 0.001], and the patients who experienced decompensation events for the first time within 1 year had a significantly higher baseline serum level of CHI3L1 than those who did not experience such events [227.98 (110.00-314.00) ng/mL vs 90.00 (58.00-168.50) ng/mL, U =1 681.500, P < 0.001]. Patients with cirrhosis with higher baseline CHI3L1 levels had an increased risk of decompensation events within 1 year ( OR =1.004, 95% CI : 1.002-1.006, P < 0.001); Patients with compensated cirrhosis with higher baseline serum CHI3L1 levels had an increased risk of first decompensated event within 1 year ( OR =1.006, 95% CI : 1.003-1.008, P < 0.001). The baseline serum level of CHI3L1 had an AUC of 0.751 in predicting the risk of first-time decompensation events, with a sensitivity of 90.7% and a specificity of 55.4% at the optimal cut-off value of 95.5 ng/mL. The predictive model based on the combination of serum CHI3L1 level and Child-Pugh class had an AUC of 0.809, with a sensitivity of 72.1% and a specificity of 77.1% at the maximum value of Youden index. Conclusion Serum CHI3L1 level can be used as an effective predictive factor for the risk of first-time decompensation events in patients with compensated liver cirrhosis, and its combination with Child-Pugh class shows a higher predictive value.

6.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 632-649, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982404

ABSTRACT

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent cardiac arrhythmia seen in clinical settings, which has been associated with substantial rates of mortality and morbidity. However, clinically available drugs have limited efficacy and adverse effects. We aimed to investigate the mechanisms of action of andrographolide (Andr) with respect to AF. We used network pharmacology approaches to investigate the possible therapeutic effect of Andr. To define the role of Andr in AF, HL-1 cells were pro-treated with Andr for 1 h before rapid electronic stimulation (RES) and rabbits were pro-treated for 1 d before rapid atrial pacing (RAP). Apoptosis, myofibril degradation, oxidative stress, and inflammation were determined. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was performed to investigate the relevant mechanism. Andr treatment attenuated RAP-induced atrial electrophysiological changes, inflammation, oxidative damage, and apoptosis both in vivo and in vitro. RNA-seq indicated that oxidative phosphorylation played an important role. Transmission electron microscopy and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content assay respectively validated the morphological and functional changes in mitochondria. The translocation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) to the nucleus and the molecular docking suggested that Andr might exert a therapeutic effect by influencing the Keap1-Nrf2 complex. In conclusions, this study revealed that Andr is a potential preventive therapeutic drug toward AF via activating the translocation of Nrf2 to the nucleus and the upregulation of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) to promote mitochondrial bioenergetics.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Atrial Fibrillation/metabolism , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , Signal Transduction , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation , Oxidative Stress , Energy Metabolism , Mitochondria/metabolism , Inflammation/metabolism , Heme Oxygenase-1
7.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 631-644, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971579

ABSTRACT

The conventional approach to investigating functional connectivity in the block-designed study usually concatenates task blocks or employs residuals of task activation. While providing many insights into brain functions, the block design adds more manipulation in functional network analysis that may reduce the purity of the blood oxygenation level-dependent signal. Recent studies utilized one single long run for task trials of the same condition, the so-called continuous design, to investigate functional connectivity based on task functional magnetic resonance imaging. Continuous brain activities associated with the single-task condition can be directly utilized for task-related functional connectivity assessment, which has been examined for working memory, sensory, motor, and semantic task experiments in previous research. But it remains unclear how the block and continuous design influence the assessment of task-related functional connectivity networks. This study aimed to disentangle the separable effects of block/continuous design and working memory load on task-related functional connectivity networks, by using repeated-measures analysis of variance. Across 50 young healthy adults, behavioral results of accuracy and reaction time showed a significant main effect of design as well as interaction between design and load. Imaging results revealed that the cingulo-opercular, fronto-parietal, and default model networks were associated with not only task activation, but significant main effects of design and load as well as their interaction on intra- and inter-network functional connectivity and global network topology. Moreover, a significant behavior-brain association was identified for the continuous design. This work has extended the evidence that continuous design can be used to study task-related functional connectivity and subtle brain-behavioral relationships.

8.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 572-576, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934894

ABSTRACT

@#Objective  To evaluate the safety and efficacy of transapical mitral valve repair with moderate-to-severe or severe mitral regurgitation (MR) by using LifeClip system. Methods  We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 7 symptomatic patients with moderate-to-severe or severe MR who received transapical mitral valve repair by using the LifeClip system in our hospital from July to November 2021. There were 5 males and 2 females with an average age of 76.0±7.5 years. Results  There were 2 patients with degenerative MR and 5 patients with functional MR. All of the procedures were successful and 6 patients received 1 LifeClip while the other one patient received 2. The operation time was 135.7±46.9 min, the mechanical ventilation time was 12 (3, 14) h, and the hospital stay time was 18.1±4.1 d. No serious complications or death occurred during the perioperative or follow-up period. MR reduction by ≥ grades was achieved in all the patients at the one-month follow-up. The classification of cardiac function was improved in varying degrees. Conclusion  Transapical mitral valve repair using the LifeClip system shows good safety and efficacy for severe MR patients, and MR degree is significantly improved at early follow-up. However, the benefit of LifeClip should be validated in a larger sample size of Chinese population and through long-term follow-up.

9.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 376-380, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987401

ABSTRACT

This article gives a review on the application status and clinical effect of behavioral activation (BA) therapy for patients with late-life depression, in which the theoretical content, research status and the characteristics of clinical application of BA therapy for patients with late-life depression were introduced, and the existing limitations and possible directions for future research were summarized, so as to provide references for the localization of BA therapy for patients with late-life depression.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1347-1353, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014740

ABSTRACT

Ketamine is a non-selective N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptor antagonist. Ketamine plays a significant role in the treatment and research of neuropsychiatric diseases in recent years. The neural mechanism of ketamine psychogenic effects and reward pathway remains to be perfected, which may be closely related to a variety of neurons and pathways in the brain. This paper intends to review the relevant studies at home and abroad, and try to integrate the known neural mechanisms and put forward reasonable hypotheses.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 409-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922916

ABSTRACT

We investigated the ability of Dracocephalum moldavica (EPDM) flavonoids to protect human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) from necroptosis induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury. To mimic the process of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, a necroptosis model was established by treatment with the pan-cysteine aspartic acid protease (caspase) inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK combined with oxygen-glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation (OGD/R) injury using HBMECs. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity (cell counting kit-8, CCK-8) was used to measure cell viability. A Hoechst33342/PI fluorescent double-staining method was exploited to determine the rate of cell necroptosis. A commercial kit was used to detect lactate dehydrogenase in the cell culture supernate. DCFH-DA probes, calcein AM and JC-1 probes were used to measure changes in ROS production, mitochondrial membrane permeability transformation pore (MPTP) opening and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), respectively. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were chosen to detect the release of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Western blotting was used to detect necroptosis-related proteins. The results show that relative to control group, Z-VAD-FMK combined with OGD/R injury reduced cell viability, increased the necroptosis rate and the levels of LDH and ROS in HBMECs. The MPTP of the model group cells opened and the MMP reduced. TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 levels were significantly elevated. Furthermore, the expression of receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and mitochondrial phosphoglycerate mutase 5 (PGAM5) was significantly increased, accompanied by an increase of phosphorylated mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein (p-MLKL)/MLKL. EPDM partially reversed the changes of the above-mentioned factors in HBMECs induced by Z-VAD-FMK plus OGD/R injury. These results indicate that EPDM may protect HBMECs from cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by inhibiting the RIP3/MLKL/PGAM5 pathway and MPTP opening to maintain mitochondrial function, thereby providing a scientific basis for the use of EPDM in the treatment of cerebral ischemia-related diseases.

12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 333-337, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928318

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of using lengthened trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft in patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From December 2010 to December 2018, 18 patients underwent revision of total hip arthroplasty with extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation and autogenous bone graft, including 8 males and 10 females with an average age of (78.89±3.32) years old ranging from 68 to 82 years. The time from the initial replacement to the revision was 9 to 22 (16.33±2.93) years. The patients were followed up regularly after operation. The healing time of osteotomy, the time of full weight-bearing activity, Harris score of hip joint and complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 18 patients were followed up for 16 to 38 months with an average of (25.78±6.65) months. The incision length was 16 to 21 cm with an average of (18.89±1.32) cm; the operation time was 105 to 128 min with an average of (115.44±6.59) min, the bleeding volume was 240 to 285 ml with an average of (267.44±13.77) ml. The healing time of osteotomy was 12 to 18 weeks with an average of (15.61±1.75) weeks. Harris score of hip joint was (47.11±5.04) before operation, (76.39±3.85) during full weight-bearing activities, and (82.22±2.76) at the final follow-up(P<0.05). During the follow-up period, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor incision healing, prosthesis loosening and sinking, and periprosthetic fracture.@*CONCLUSION@#In revision total hip arthroplasty, the use of extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft can achieve satisfactory clinical results, but the surgeon needs to make a systematic plan for the pre-revision, intraoperative and postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Bone Transplantation , Bone Wires , Femur/surgery , Osteotomy/methods
13.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 240-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920855

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 155 recipients undergoing lung transplantation in Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from July 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the incidence of central airway stenosis following lung transplantation, all recipients were divided into the stenosis group (n=36) and control group (n=119). The incidence of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation was summarized. The risk factors of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation were assessed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results Among 155 lung transplant recipients, 36 cases (23.2%) developed central airway stenosis. The average incidence time was (53±13) d after lung transplantation. Univariate analysis demonstrated that bilateral lung transplantation, grade 3 primary graft dysfunction (PGD), airway fungal infection, long cold ischemia time, long mechanical ventilation time and long intensive care unit (ICU) stay were the risk factors for central airway stenosis after lung transplantation (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that airway fungal infection, long cold ischemia time and long mechanical ventilation time were the independent risk factors for central airway stenosis after lung transplantation (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Airway fungal infection after lung transplantation, long cold ischemia time and long mechanical ventilation time probably lead to central airway stenosis after lung transplantation. Active preventive measures and intimate monitoring should be taken to improve the quality of life of the recipients after lung transplantation.

14.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e50-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926478

ABSTRACT

Background@#There is an urgent need to find reliable and rapid bovine tuberculosis (bTB) diagnostics in response to the rising prevalence of bTB worldwide. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) recognizes components of bTB and initiates antigen-presenting cells to mediate humoral immunity. Evaluating the affinity of antigens with TLR2 can form the basis of a new method for the diagnosis of bTB based on humoral immunity. @*Objectives@#To develop a reliable and rapid strategy to improve diagnostic tools for bTB. @*Methods@#In this study, we expressed and purified the sixteen bTB-specific recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli. The two antigenic proteins, MPT70 and MPT83, which were most valuable for serological diagnosis of bTB were screened. Molecular docking technology was used to analyze the affinity of MPT70, MPT83, dominant epitope peptide of MPT70 (M1), and dominant epitope peptide MPT83 (M2) with TLR2, combined with the detection results of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to evaluate the molecular docking effect. @*Results@#The results showed that interaction surface Cα-atom root mean square deviation of proteins (M1, M2, MPT70, MPT83)-TLR2 protein are less than 2.5 A, showing a high affinity.It is verified by clinical serum samples that MPT70, MPT83, MPT70-MPT83 showed good diagnostic potential for the detection of anti-bTB IgG and M1, M2 can replace the whole protein as the detection antigen. @*Conclusions@#Molecular docking to evaluate the affinity of bTB protein and TLR2 combined with ELISA provides new insights for the diagnosis of bTB.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 191-197, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873623

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the safety and effectiveness of the multi-artery graf tstrategy for coronary bypass (MICS-CABG) with small incision in the left chest, and to provide experience for the promotion of this technique. Methods    The clinical data of 64 patients with MICS-CABG in Department of Cardiac Surgery of Peking University Third Hospital from December 2015 to November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 54 males and 10 females, aged 36-77 (61.1±8.7) years. The left lateral thoracic incision (5-8 cm) was made through the 5th intercostal incision, and the operation was performed under off-pump CABG. With the help of the chest wall suspension device and the heart fixator, the proximal anastomosis of the ascending aorta, anastomosis of the target vessels of the left anterior descending (LAD), left circumflex (LCX) and right coronary artery (RCA) systems were completed. The number of grafts was 2-4 (2.3±0.5) including 2 grafts in 45 patients, 3 grafts in 17 patients and 4 grafts in 2 patients. Three patients were treated with percutaneous intervention (PCI) hybridization and 62 patients were treated with total artery bypass graft. Coronary angiography was performed within 7 days after the operation to evaluate the graft patency rate. The incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) was recorded in the follow-up. The MACCE rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Results    None of the patients was transferred to thoracotomy and no intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was used during the operation.  Incision infection was in 1 patient and reoperation in 2 patients (all were postoperative hemorrhage). Within 30 days after surgery, MACCE occurred in 1 patient, including 1 patient of non-fatal myocardial infarction. The overall patency rate of angiography bypass was 96.2%, and the patency rate of anterior descending branch bypass was 98.2%. Follow-up was performed from 12 to 60 months (median follow-up time was 28 months). The loss rate was 7.8% (5/64). The incidence of MACCE was 84.9% (95%CI 79.5%-90.3%). Conclusion    The MICS-CABG can achieve completed re-vascularization and totally artery-CABG and the short-term and medium-term clinical results of the operation are good.

16.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 230-234, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907422

ABSTRACT

DNA is an important biological molecule that contains genetic information. Ionizing radiation generally exists in the environment of modern uranium mining, radiological medicine and nuclear power plants. Improper protection of the human body against ionizing radiation may cause various types of DNA damage, make genome splicing unstable, and cause various biological diseases related to cancer and aging. The development of DNA radiation damage detection technology is helpful for researchers to assess the extent of biological radiation damage and to diagnose and treat patients with nuclear radiation. In this paper, the domestic and abroad research progress in DNA radiation damage detection methods was reviewed, in which the principles, functions, advantages and disadvantages of relevant detection methods were described, and the future development direction of DNA radiation damage detection methods was prospected.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 533-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886780

ABSTRACT

Lung transplantation is the only effective treatment of most end-stage lung diseases. Airway anastomotic complications are the main obstacles affecting the postoperative survival and quality of life of lung transplant recipients. Airway anastomotic stenosis is the most common airway anastomotic complication after lung transplantation. In recent years, improvements in the recipient selection, organ preservation, surgical techniques, postoperative intensive care management, immunosuppression, antifungal and endoscopic treatment have decreased the incidence of airway anastomotic stenosis and improved the surgical efficacy of lung transplantation and the survival of the recipients. In this article, the pathogenesis, risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of airway anastomotic stenosis after lung transplantation were reviewed, aiming to provide novel ideas for clinical research, diagnosis and treatment of airway anastomotic stenosis following lung transplantation.

18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 288-292, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of double plate combined with iliac bone graft in the treatment of femoral nonunion after intramedullary nailing.@*METHODS@#From December 2008 to December 2017, double plate combined with autogenous iliac bone graft was used to treat femoral nonunion after intramedullary nailing. There were 11 cases, including 10 males and 1 female, aged 35 to 62 years, and the time from fracture to nonunion was 12 to 20 months. According to Judet classification, there were 8 cases of atrophic nonunion and 3 cases of proliferative nonunion. Regular follow-up was conducted after operation to record the fracture healing time, load-bearing activity time and complications, and to observe the repair effect of double plate fixation combined with iliac bone graft on nonunion after femoral shaft fracture operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 22 months. The operation time was 70 to 130 min and the blood loss was 180 to 350 ml. After operation, 2 cases had knee stiffness, which recovered after passive exercise with CPM machine for 2 weeks;1 case had pain in iliac bone donor area, which was relieved after 3 months. The time of fracture healing was 24 to 40 weeks, and the time of complete weight-bearing activity was 14 to 32 weeks. SF-36 quality of life score at the final follow-up:body pain 70 to 82, activty 70 to 82, social function 72 to 83, the overall health 72 to 82. At the end of the follow-up, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor wound healing, internal fixation failure (fracture, loosening).@*CONCLUSION@#It is an effective method to treat nonunion of femur after intramedullary nailing by using double plate combined with autogenous iliac bone graft.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Nails , Bone Plates , Bone Transplantation , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Ununited/surgery , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1763-1768, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879090

ABSTRACT

To analyze the study advance of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma, this study utilized CiteSpace 5.6.R5 software to conduct bibliometrics analysis on the Chinese literatures of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma from 1990 to 2020 included in the CNKI database retrieval platform. The analysis contents involved the number of published papers, co-authors, cooperative institutions, emergence, co-occurrence and clustering of keywords. A total of 808 Chinese literatures were included in the study, of which 17 were published by SUN Rong, the author with the most published papers, and formed a research team centered on SUN Rong; the analysis of the cooperation of publishing institutions showed that the Drug Safety Evaluation Research Center, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine was the organization with the largest number of publications, with a total of 29 articles. It also formed a scientific research coorperation institution with Shandong Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine as the core, and formed a relatively close cooperative network relationship. The analysis of literature keywords showed that the research direction was concentrated on the traditional Chinese medicine of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma, pharmacological mechanism, and side effects, active ingredients, etc. Among them, the research on the efficacy and toxicity of the active ingredients of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma has become a hot trend.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Rhizome , Sophora
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1043-1052, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879002

ABSTRACT

To analyze the study advance of Strychni Semen, a kind of traditional Chinese medicine, this study systematically retrieved the related Chinese literatures about Strychni Semen from CNKI database platforms and the core database of Web of Science, and used bibliometrics and CiteSpace 5.6.R5 software to visually display the authors, research institutions, keywords and other contents. A total of 1 895 Chinese literatures and 1 599 English literatures were included in the study. The analysis of Chinese and English literature authors showed that CAI Bao-chang and CHEN Jun had the most publications on Strychni Semen, and CAI Bao-chang's team was the core research team. According to the analysis of publishing institutions, Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Chinese Academy of Science were the research institutions with the largest number of Chinese and English literatures, respectively. But there was less cooperation between Chinese and English study institutions. The analysis of keywords in Chinese and English literatures showed that the research contents of Strychni Semen mainly focused on component analysis, research methods, receptor targets, clinical application, synergistic and attenuation measures. Break analysis showed that the apoptosis induced by Strychni Semen was a hot research topic, and research on components, toxicity and pharmacokinetics will be the research hotspot in future. The research on Strychni Semen is still in the developing period. This study has provided reference for the rapid grasp of the research contents and the judgment of research hotspots.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Databases, Factual , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research Design , Semen
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