Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 54
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 62-68, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009476

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare mouse monoclonal antibodies against the ectodomain of E2 (E2ecto) glycoprotein of Western equine encephalitis virus (WEEV). Methods A prokaryotic expression plasmid pET-28a-WEEV E2ecto was constructed and transformed into BL21 (DE3) competent cells. E2ecto protein was expressed by IPTG induction and presented mainly as inclusion bodies. Then the purified E2ecto protein was prepared by denaturation, renaturation and ultrafiltration. BALB/c mice were immunized with the formulated E2ecto protein using QuickAntibody-Mouse5W as an adjuvant via intramuscular route, boosted once at an interval of 21 days. At 35 days post-immunization, mice with antibody titer above 1×104 were inoculated with E2ecto intraperitoneally, and spleen cells were fused with SP2/0 cells three days later. Hybridoma cells secreting specific monoclonal antibodies were screened by the limited dilution method, and ascites were prepared after intraperitoneal inoculation of hybridoma cells. The subtypes and titers of the antibodies in ascites were assayed by ELISA. The biological activity of the mAb was identified by immunofluorescence assay(IFA) on BHK-21 cells which were transfected with eukaryotic expression plasmid pCAGGS-WEEV-CE3E2E1. The specificity of the antibodies were evaluated with E2ecto proteins from EEEV and VEEV. Results Purified WEEV E2ecto protein was successfully expressed and obtained. Four monoclonal antibodies, 3G6G10, 3D7G2, 3B9E8 and 3D5B7, were prepared, and their subtypes were IgG2c(κ), IgM(κ), IgM(κ) and IgG1(κ), respectively. The titers of ascites antibodies 3G6G10, 3B9E8 and 3D7G2 were 105, and 3D5B7 reached 107. None of the four antibody strains cross-reacted with other encephalitis alphavirus such as VEEV and EEEV. Conclusion Four strains of mouse mAb specifically binding WEEV E2ecto are successfully prepared.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Horses , Encephalitis Virus, Western Equine , Ascites , Immunosuppressive Agents , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Immunoglobulin M
2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 610-615, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995024

ABSTRACT

It was a retrospective cohort study. Patients diagnosed with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) and received rituximab (RTX) alone for one course of treatment during hospitalization in the Department of Nephrology of the First Hospital of Jilin University from March 2020 to March 2022 were enrolled. The patients were divided into 1 g standard treatment group (once 1 g every 2 weeks for twice) and 375 mg/m 2 experimental treatment group (375 mg/m 2 once a week for 4 weeks) according to the different methods of drug administration, and the efficacy and safety of different doses of RTX in the treatment of IMN were compared between the two groups to provide a reference for optimizing the clinical treatment protocol. The patients were followed up regularly for more than 9 months after treatment and the data were complete. A total of 69 patients were included with age of (51.7±11.8) years old, and 46 males (66.7%). There were 31 patients in the 1 g standard treatment group and 38 patients in the 375 mg/m 2 experimental treatment group. The proportion of first-treatment patients in the 1 g standard treatment group was higher than that in the 375 mg/m 2 experimental treatment group (87.1% vs. 65.8%, χ2=4.174, P=0.041). There were no statistically significant differences in the general data, clinical characteristics and baseline laboratory parameters between the two groups (all P>0.05). At the end of 3 months of treatment, 22 patients (31.9%) experienced remission, including 9 patients (29.0%) in the 1 g standard treatment group and 13 patients (34.2%) in the 375 mg/m 2 experimental treatment group ( χ2=0.211, P=0.646). At 6 months, 30 patients (43.5%) experienced remission, including 12 patients (38.7%) in the 1 g standard treatment group and 18 patients (47.4%) in the 375 mg/m 2 experimental treatment group ( χ2=0.521, P=0.470). At 9 months, 38 patients (55.1%) achieved remission, including 18 patients (58.1%) in the 1 g standard treatment group and 20 patients (52.6%) in the 375 mg/m 2 experimental treatment group ( χ2=0.204, P=0.652). At 9 months, the 24 h urine protein of 1 g standard treatment group and 375 mg/m 2 experimental treatment group decreased by 7.93 (6.24, 8.46) g and 7.45 (5.66, 8.67) g (both P<0.05), respectively, and serum albumin increased by 16.4 (15.5, 17.5) g/L and 15.5 (9.0, 15.8) g/L (both P<0.05), respectively, from the baseline value. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis result showed that there was no significant difference in the time of phospholipase A2 receptor titer decreasing to <5 RU/ml between the two groups (Log-rank χ2=3.653, P=0.056). Twenty-three non-serious adverse events occurred in the 1 g standard treatment group, involving 16 patients, and 10 non-serious adverse events occurred in the 375 mg/m 2 experimental treatment group, involving 10 patients. There was better safety in the 375 mg/m 2 experimental treatment group than that in the 1 g standard treatment group ( Fisher value=8.593, P=0.015). Both 375 mg/m 2 regimen and 1 g regimen of RTX in IMN patients are effective in relieving proteinuria and elevating serum albumin. The 375 mg/m 2 regimen of RTX has a lower incidence of adverse events compared with the 1 g regimen.

3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 66-72, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969744

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and coronary angiography guided drug eluting stent (DES) implantation for the treatment of left main coronary artery (LMCA) lesions. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCT) and observational studies, which compared IVUS with coronary angiography guided DES implantation for the treatment of LMCA lesions published before August 2021 were searched in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases. Baseline data, interventional procedures and endpoint events of each study were collected. The primary endpoint was major cardiovascular adverse events (MACE), and the secondary endpoints were all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR) and target vessel revascularization (TVR). The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) and the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias tool were used to evaluate the quality of the included studies. Results: Nine studies were included, including 3 RCT and 6 observational studies, with a total of 5 527 cases of LMCA. All the 6 observational studies had NOS scores≥6, and the 3 RCT had a low risk of overall bias. The results of meta-analysis showed that compared with coronary angiography guided group, MACE rate (OR=0.55, 95%CI 0.47-0.66, P<0.001), all-cause death (OR=0.56, 95%CI 0.43-0.74, P<0.001), cardiac death (OR=0.43, 95%CI 0.30-0.61, P<0.001), MI (OR=0.64, 95%CI 0.52-0.79, P<0.001), TLR (OR=0.49, 95%CI 0.28-0.86, P=0.013) and TVR (OR=0.77, 95%CI 0.60-0.98, P=0.037) were all significantly lower in the IVUS guided group. Conclusions: Compared with angiography guided, IVUS guided PCI with DES implantation in LMCA lesions could significantly reduce the risk of MACE, death, MI, TLR and TVR. IVUS is thus superior to coronary angiography for guiding PCI treatment among patients with LMCA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Angiography , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Risk Factors , Myocardial Infarction/etiology
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 492-506, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970486

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effective substances and mechanism of Yishen Guluo Mixture in the treatment of chronic glomerulonephritis(CGN) based on metabolomics and serum pharmacochemistry. The rat model of CGN was induced by cationic bovine serum albumin(C-BSA). After intragastric administration of Yishen Guluo Mixture, the biochemical indexes related to renal function(24-hour urinary protein, serum urea nitrogen, and creatinine) were determined, and the efficacy evaluations such as histopathological observation were carried out. The serum biomarkers of Yishen Guluo Mixture in the treatment of CGN were screened out by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight/mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) combined with multivariate statistical analysis, and the metabolic pathways were analyzed. According to the mass spectrum ion fragment information and metabolic pathway, the components absorbed into the blood(prototypes and metabolites) from Yishen Guluo Mixture were identified and analyzed by using PeakView 1.2 and MetabolitePilot 2.0.4. By integrating metabolomics and serum pharmacochemistry data, a mathematical model of correlation analysis between serum biomarkers and components absorbed into blood was constructed to screen out the potential effective substances of Yishen Guluo Mixture in the treatment of CGN. Yishen Guluo mixture significantly decreased the levels of 24-hour urinary protein, serum urea nitrogen, and creatinine in rats with CGN, and improved the pathological damage of the kidney tissue. Twenty serum biomarkers of Yishen Guluo Mixture in the treatment of CGN, such as arachidonic acid and lysophosphatidylcholine, were screened out, involving arachidonic acid metabolism, glycerol phosphatide metabolism, and other pathways. Based on the serum pharmacochemistry, 8 prototype components and 20 metabolites in the serum-containing Yishen Guluo Mixture were identified. According to the metabolomics and correlation analysis of serum pharmacochemistry, 12 compounds such as genistein absorbed into the blood from Yishen Guluo Mixture were selected as the potential effective substances for the treatment of CGN. Based on metabolomics and serum pharmacochemistry, the effective substances and mechanism of Yishen Guluo Mixture in the treatment of CGN are analyzed and explained in this study, which provides a new idea for the development of innovative traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of CGN.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Arachidonic Acid , Biomarkers/blood , Blood Proteins , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Creatinine , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Glomerulonephritis/metabolism , Metabolomics , Urea , Chronic Disease , Disease Models, Animal , Complex Mixtures/therapeutic use
5.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 534-540, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973253

ABSTRACT

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is one of the most common microvascular complications in patients with diabetes. DKD is also the main cause of end-stage renal failure, with very complex pathogenesis. A large number of experiments have confirmed that epigenetic mechanisms, including histone chemical modifications and lipid metabolites 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO), are involved in regulating the characteristic pathophysiological process of DKD, based on which, this review further explores the pathogenesis of DKD and provides the new research direction for DKD treatment.

6.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 1092-1096, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990944

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between blood pressure variability and ST-T changes of electrocardiogram and the severity of acute cerebral infarction (ACI) and their influence on the prognosis.Methods:A total of 80 ACI patients who diagnosed and treated from February 2018 to February 2020 in Ningbo Medical Center Li Huili Hospital were selected as the research subjects. According the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, they were divided into mild group (0-15 scores, 31 cases) and moderate group (16-30 scores, 27 cases), severe group (31-45 scores, 22 cases), the changes of ischemic ST-T and blood pressure variation were compared among the three groups, the correlation between ST-T changes, blood pressure variation and disease severity were analyzed by Kendall (tau-b) method. According the results of Modified Rankin Scale(mRS), the ACI patients were divided into the good prognosis group (mRS≤2 scores, 63 cases) and the poor prognosis group (mRS>2 scores, 17 cases). The Logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the prognosis.Results:The ST-T changes among the mild group, moderate group and severe group had significant differences ( P<0.05); the persistent ST-T changes rate in the mild group, moderate group was lower than that in the severe group: 3.23%(1/31), 14.81%(4/27) vs. 59.09%(13/22), P<0.05. The daytime mean systolic blood pressure standard deviation (dSBPSD), nocturnal systolic blood pressure standard deviation (nSBPSD) in the severe group were significantly higher than those in the mild group and moderate group: (14.41 ± 3.22) mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) vs. (11.54 ± 3.02), (12.95 ± 4.52) mmHg;(13.19 ± 3.52) mmHg vs. (10.02 ± 1.65), (11.45 ± 2.45) mmHg, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The results of Kendall(tau-b) correlation analysis showed that dSBPSD, dDBPSD, nSBPSD and ischemic ST-T were positively correlated with severity ( r = 0.275, 0.251, 0.334, 0.440; P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that age>70 years old, complete anterior circulation infarction/partial anterior circulation infarction of Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project (OCSP) classification, severe/moderate disease severity, large infarct/small infarct size, persistent ST changes/transient ST-T changes, as well as high levels of 24 h mean systolic blood pressure, 24 h systolic standard deviation, 24 h mean diastolic blood pressure and 24 h diastolic standard deviation were risk factors for poor prognosis in ACI patients. Conclusions:The ST-T changes and blood pressure variability of ACI patients will change with the severity of the disease. Monitoring the changes is helpful to provide an important reference for prognostic judgment.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 203-206, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933193

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and safety of long-distance urological nephrotomy with the support of 5G communication technology by using the domestic robot.Methods:Clinical data of the patients with remote robot-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy, which were completed from March to April 2021 by the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University (as the host hospital where the main operating system located) were retrospectively analyzed. There were 3 patients, including 2 males and 1 female.The average age was 61 (49-73) years, and the average body mass index was 23.73 (20.00-27.76) kg/m 2. One patient had a ASA classification of grade 2, and the other 2 patients had grade 3. All patients met the surgical criteria for non-functional nephrectomy. The chief surgeon who performing the telesurgery was located at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University. The surgeon remotely controlled the bedside operating system (slave system) in 3 local hospitals located in other cities in Shandong Province (network communication distances of 82.5, 141 and 229 km, respectively) by manipulating the master system located in Qingdao. Images and operating instructions during surgery were transmitted using 5G wireless communication technology. Intraoperative network conditions, robot operation, and patient perioperative data were summarized. Results:All 3 tele-nephrectomies were successfully completed. The average network signal latency time was 27.3 (23-30) ms, with no packet loss, and the average total latency time was 177.3(173-180) ms. The mean resection time was 79.3 (52-111) min, and the average intraoperative blood loss was 31.1 (15.6-41.9) ml. There were no network related adverse events occurred during the operation, and the robot-related adverse events occured 3 times, all three of which were characterized by inconsistent master and slave movements of the manipulator arm and the bedside robotic arm. None of these adverse events affected the successful performance of the telesurgery. The mean postoperative exhaust time was 60.5 (38.5-78.0) h. The mean postoperative VAS score at 24 hours was 3.7 (3-4). The Clavien-Dindo classification were all grade I. No significant abnormality was found on the 30th day after surgery, and the patients recovered well at the follow-up until 6 months postoperatively.Conclusions:It is safe and feasible to perform remote robot-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy based on 5G communication technology with no serious adverse events or surgical complications.However, the conclusion needs to be further verified by large sample and multi-center prospective study.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 188-202, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927926

ABSTRACT

This study aims to study the effective substance and mechanism of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen extract in the treatment of insomnia based on serum metabolomics and network pharmacology. The rat insomnia model induced by p-chlorophenylalanine(PCPA) was established. After oral administration of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen extract, the general morphological observation, pentobarbital sodium-induced sleep test, and histopathological evaluation were carried out. The potential biomarkers of the extract in the treatment of insomnia were screened by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(UHPLC-MS) combined with multivariate analysis, and the related metabolic pathways were further analyzed. The "component-target-pathway" network was constructed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-Exactive mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS) combined with network pharmacology to explore the effective substances and mechanism of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen in the treatment of insomnia. The results of pentobarbital sodium-induced sleep test and histopathological evaluation(hematoxylin and eosin staining) showed that Ziziphi Spinosae Semen extract had good theraputic effect on insomnia. A total of 21 endogenous biomarkers of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen extract in the treatment of insomnia were screened out by serum metabolomics, and the metabolic pathways of phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, phenylalanine metabolism, and nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism were obtained. A total of 34 chemical constituents were identified by UHPLC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS, including 24 flavonoids, 2 triterpenoid saponins, 4 alkaloids, 2 triterpenoid acids, and 2 fatty acids. The network pharmacological analysis showed that Ziziphi Spinosae Semen mainly acted on target proteins such as dopamine D2 receptor(DRD2), 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1 A(HTR1 A), and alpha-2 A adrenergic receptor(ADRA2 A) in the treatment of insomnia. It was closely related to neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, serotonergic synapse, and calcium signaling pathway. Magnoflorine, N-nornuciferine, caaverine, oleic acid, palmitic acid, coclaurine, betulinic acid, and ceanothic acid in Ziziphi Spinosae Semen may be potential effective compounds in the treatment of insomnia. This study revealed that Ziziphi Spinosae Semen extract treated insomnia through multiple metabolic pathways and the overall correction of metabolic disorder profile in a multi-component, multi-target, and multi-channel manner. Briefly, this study lays a foundation for further research on the mechanism of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen in treating insomnia and provides support for the development of innovative Chinese drugs for the treatment of insomnia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Metabolomics , Network Pharmacology , Seeds/chemistry , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/drug therapy , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Ziziphus/chemistry
9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 446-449, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873441

ABSTRACT

@#Retinal artery occlusion(RAO)is an ophthalmic emergency, including central retinal artery occlusion(CRVO), branch retinal artery occlusion(BRVO), ciliary retinal artery occlusion and retinal capillary microartery occlusion. The progression is fast and the prognosis is poor, with many risks involved, and there is still lack of standard treatment procedures. At present, the modern treatment procedures include traditional treatments, <i>e.g.</i> lowering intraocular pressure, high flow oxygen inhalation, blood vessels dilatation, antiplatelet aggregation, and other active treatments like thrombolysis, hyperbaric oxygen therapy and arterial intervention. This review summarizes recent advancement about risk factors and treatment in RAO.

10.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 469-479, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828145

ABSTRACT

Tripartite motif 5 (TRIM5) plays a significant function in autophagy and involves in immune and tumor processes. While the function of TRIM5 remains poorly understood in glioma. We purpose to evaluate the possible prognostic role of TRIM5 in glioma via bioinformatics analyses. The database clinical samples of glioma in this study included low grade glioma (LGG) and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). TRIM5 expression in glioma tissues were explored in Oncomine, GEPIA and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. Survival analysis and the multivariate Cox regression analysis of TRIM5 based on TCGA were used to evaluate the prognostic role of TRIM5. The protein networks of TRIM5 was detected by STRING database. KEGG enrichment analyses were performed to predict the potential molecular pathways of TRIM5 in glioma. In addition, immune infiltration analysis was conducted by CIBERSORT and TIMER databases. We found that TRIM5 was strongly increased in glioma samples compared with normal samples in Oncomine, GEPIA and TCGA databases. Higher TRIM5 was significantly contributed to worse overall survival (OS) in LGG+GBM patients and LGG patients, while was no correlated with OS of GBM patients. Interaction networks analysis identified that IRF3, IRF7, OAS1, OAS2, OAS3, OASL, GBP1, PML, BTBD1 and BTBD2 proteins were contacted with TRIM5. Moreover, KEGG revealed that apoptosis and cancer- and immune-related pathways were enriched with elevated TRIM5. Specifically, TRIM5 could influence the immune infiltration levels, such as activated NK cells, monocytes, activated mast cells and macrophages in glioma. In conclusion, our data indicated that TRIM5 was upregulated in glioma tissues and associated with poor prognosis and immune infiltration. TRIM5 may be acted as a biomarker in prognosis and immunotherapy guidance of glioma.

11.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 690-2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780492

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of adoptive reinfusion of regulatory T cell (Treg) on the recovery of islet function and graft survival time after islet allograft transplantation. Methods The diabetic model was established using C57BL/6 mice as recipients, and Balb/c mice were chosen as donors for islet allografts transplantation beneath the renal capsule. The recipient mice were divided into 3 groups and 3 mice in each group according to different processing Methods: Treg experiment group (Treg group, 1×106 Treg cells were injected via tail vein at 1 d before operation), positive control group [sirolimus (SRL) group, SRL at a dose of 300 μg/(kg·d) was intragastrically given every day from 1 d before operation] and blank control group (control group, an equivalent volume of normal saline was intragastrically given every day from 1 d before operation). Enzyme-linked immune absorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the changes of blood glucose and C-peptide in mice within 14 days after transplantation. In vivo imaging technique was used to dynamically monitor the survival of mice within 14 days after transplantation. Results In each group, the blood glucose levels at postoperative 3 d were significantly decreased compared with those before transplantation (all P < 0.001). At postoperative 1 d, the C-peptide levels showed an explosive rise to varying degree in each group. At postoperative 3 d, the C-peptide levels in each group were significantly higher than that before operation (all P < 0.001). At the end of the observation period at 14 d after operation, the C-peptide levels in the SRL and Treg groups were (427±50) pmol/L and (833±57) pmol/L, relatively higher than that in the control group. But the blood glucose levels were (14.5±0.5) mmol/L and (12.1±0.6) mmol/L, significantly lower than that in the control group (all P < 0.001). Compared with the SRL group, the explosive release amount of C-peptide was significantly lower, the declining trend was more remarkably stable, and the C-peptide level was considerably higher in the Treg group at the end of the observation period (all P < 0.001). At postoperative 14 d, the grafts were almost completely apoptotic in the control group, over 50% of the grafts survived in the SRL group, and over 80% of the grafts survived in the Treg group. Conclusions Adoptive reinfusion of Treg cells can effectively protect islet grafts, prolong the survival time of grafts, and maintain the normal levels of blood glucose and C-peptide in the recipient mice.

12.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 622-626, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798261

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer is one of the most common gynecological malignancies, seriously threatening women's health. As early as 1878, Freund first used hysterectomy to treat cervical cancer. In 1898, Wertheim first proposed radical surgery for cervical cancer. With the continuous development of diagnosis and treatment technology, the etiology of cervical cancer has become increasingly clear. The various screening measures have been applied in early detection, early diagnosis and early treatment of cervical cancer. In recent years, the increasing promotion of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has brought a new hope in the prevention and control of cervical cancer.

13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 327-336, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771373

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, available phosphorus (P) deficiency in soil and weed resistance to herbicides have emerged as two severe limiting factors for sustainable agriculture. Therefore, it is of urgent needs to improve plant absorption/utilization ability of the soil P, seek phosphate (Pi)-alternative P fertilizers, and develop new forms of weed control systems. Phosphite (Phi), as a P resource of relatively high amount only less than Pi in Earth, can be converted to utilizable Pi uniquely in some bacterial species by oxidization via its specific dehydrogenase (PTDH), but inhibits plant growth and development. This implies that Phi might rather become a suitable P fertilizer for plants if introducing a PTDH detoxifier from bacteria. Herein, we created the transgenic tobaccos harboring a Pseudomonas PTDH gene (PsPtx) amplified from the soil metagenome previously. RT-PCR showed that the exotic PsPtx gene could express similarly in root, stem and leaf tissues of all transgenic lines. PsPtx transgenic tobaccos could utilize Phi by oxidization as the sole Pi supply, and also outperformed wild-type tobacco with a remarkably dominant growth under Phi stress conditions. Moreover, the PsPtx gene was preliminarily evaluated with a notable quality as a potential candidate of the selection marker in plant genetic transformation. Conclusively, PsPtx and its encoded phosphite dehydrogenase might be applicable for developing a dual system of plant phosphorus utilization and weed control using Phi as P fertilizer and herbicide, and provide an effectual solution to some obstacles in the current crop transgenic studies.


Subject(s)
Oxidoreductases , Phosphites , Phosphorus , Plants, Genetically Modified , Weed Control
14.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 622-626, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756811

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer is one of the most common gynecological malignancies, seriously threatening women's health. As early as 1878, Freund first used hysterectomy to treat cervical cancer. In 1898, Wertheim first proposed radical surgery for cervical cancer. With the continuous development of diagnosis and treatment technology, the etiology of cervical cancer has become increasingly clear. The various screening measures have been applied in early detection, early diagnosis and early treatment of cervical cancer. In recent years, the increasing promotion of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has brought a new hope in the prevention and control of cervical cancer.

15.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 72-77, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755899

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of Qa-1 and PD-L1 loaded artificial liposomal treatment in allograft rejection and its outcomes .Methods The extracellular domains of Qa-1 and PD-L1 were loaded on liposome surface by streptavidin-biotin system . Mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) was performed for measuring Qa-1/PD-L1 liposome biological function .Then liposome was co-transplanted with allo-islets via portal vein .The levels of blood glucose and C-peptide were detected daily after transplantation .Also hepatic lymphocytes after transplantation were isolated for determining the proportion of activated cells and signaling pathway changes .Results Artificial liposome could be easily loaded with biotinylated peptide and its diameter was between 50 to 500 nm . Qa-1/PD-L1 liposome could significantly suppress lymphocyte proliferation , activation and secretion of IFN-γ in MLR by an activation of SHP1/2 and an inhibition of Syk pathway .Qa-1/ PD-L1 liposomes could suppress the activation of hepatic lymphocytes in vivo by activating SHP1/2 ,protecting islet allografts and maintaining a normal level of blood glucose in recipients .Conclusions Qa-1/PD-L1 loaded liposome can effectively suppress allograft rejection and improve the outcomes of islet transplantation .

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Gynecology and Obstetrics ; (12): 623-626, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816224

ABSTRACT

With the onset age of tumor becomingyounger,the preservation of reproductive function ofcancer patients has become a hot issue in cancertreatment.Ovarian cancer is one of the most commongynecological malignancies. The fertility-sparingtreatment for patients with epithelial ovarian cancer atthe childbearing age is receiving increasing attention.This article will address the issues related to the fer-tility-sparing treatment for patients with early epi-thelial ovarian cancer.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 659-663, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708484

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize our experience in the diagnosis and treatment of hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma (HEAML),with the aim to reduce the future misdiagnosis rate.Methods The PubMed,Medline,China Science Periodical Database (CSPD),and VIP Databases were searched from January 2000 to March 2018 on all reports on HEAML.Results There were 409 cases of HEAML in 97 reports.The ratio of men to women was 1∶4.84.The age ranged from 12 to 80 years and the median age was 44 years.61.9% of patients (205/331) were asymptomatic,while 34.7% (115/331) had upper or right upper quadrant abdominal discomfort.Some patients presented with abdominal mass,gastrointestinal reaction,low grade fever or weight loss.The clinical symptoms in 78 patients were not mentioned in the reports.The misdiagnostic rate of HEAML was as high as 40.3% (165/409).The imaging findings of HEAML were nonspecific.Ultrasound,CT and MRI scan usually showed contrast enhancement in the arterial phase.Most lesions were accompanied by central vessels with early drainage veins.The enhanced scans showed varied characteristics.The ratios of fast wash-in and fast wash-out,to fast wash-in and slow wash-out,and to delayed enhancement were roughly 4∶ 5∶ 1.A definitive diagnosis of HEAML is based on the pathological findings of epithelioid cells in the lesions and the expressions of HMB45,SMA,Melan-A and Actin on immunohistochemical staining.HEAML had a relatively low malignant rate of 3.9%.Surgical resection was the main treatment for HEAML.Conclusion HEAML was a rare and easily misdiagnosed disease.,which could be diagnosed by taking into account the clinical course,imaging,pathological and immunohistochemical findings.HEAML.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 150-154, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708376

ABSTRACT

Objective To study liver transplantation in the treatment of alcoholic liver disease (ALD).Methods A retrospective study was conducted on 40 patients with ALD who underwent liver transplantation in the Changzheng Hospital of the Second Military Medical University from April 2005 to June 2017.The data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ((-x) ±s) in populations with a normal distribution,and as median (min~max) in populations with an abnormal distribution.The survival rate was analyzed by life tables,and the Cox regression analysis was used for multivariate analysis.Results All patients were followed up until August 31,2017.The follow-up time was 2 ~ 4518 days,with a median of 997 days.Among the 40 patients,8 had already died (3 died of multiple organ failure,2 of biliary complications,1 of liver failure,1 of sepsis and 1 of recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).The 1-year survival rate was 81.0%,and the 5-year survival rate was 77.0%.Four of 40 patients developed tumor recurrence.The initial recurrence time was 189 ~ 337 days (median 236.5).The recurrence sites included the liver,colon combined with lungs,lungs,and lumbar vertebrae.Six of 40 (15.0%) patients had relapse in alcoholism.Multivariate analysis showed that age was a prognostic factor (RR =1.109,P <0.05).Years of drinking,daily amount of alcohol intake,abstinence,a previous history of upper gastrointestinal bleeding,a previous history of splenectomy,co-existing hepatocellular carcinoma,preoperative MELD score,preoperative Child-Pugh score,total operation time,anhepatic period,cold ischemia time,amount of intraoperative bleeding,postoperative alcoholism relapse,tumor recurrence or new onset of tumor were not significantly correlated with the postoperative survival rate (P>0.05).Conclusions ALD patients were mostly 40 ~ 60 years old.Age was an independent factor affecting survival.The younger the patient,the better the prognosis.Other factors were of no prognostic significance.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 845-850, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711170

ABSTRACT

Objectives To evaluate the role of PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9) on the lipid accumulation and kidney injury of C57BL/6 mice. Methods The 24 h urine of 12 weeks old wide type C57BL/6 mice and PCSK9 knockout (KO) mice were collected through a metabolic cage, followed by perfusion and sacrifice. Urinary microalbumin?to?creatinine ratio (UACr), total cholesterol and triglyceride in kidney tissues were measured by ELISA. BODIPY 493/503 staining and standard transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of kidney tissues was performed for evaluating lipid accumulation and podocyte foot effacement in the kidney. Kidney tissues were also evaluated by PAS stain and TUNNEL stain. PCSK9, podocin and nephrin were quantified through real?time PCR, and the Bcl?2, Bax and cleaved caspase 3 were evaluated by Western blotting. Results Total cholesterol and triglyceride contents were higher in the kidneys of PCSK9 KO mice than controls (P<0.05). The level of lipid accumulation in glomeruli and tubules through BODIPY 493/503 stain, and the amount of lipid drop in TEM were more serious in PCSK9 KO mice. UACr and podocyte foot process effacement were increased, and the transcription of podocin and nephrin were decreased in the kidneys of PCSK9 KO mice (all P<0.05). The expression of Bcl?2 was decreased, and Bax and cleavedcaspase 3 were increased in the kidney samples of PCSK9 KO mice. Conclusion PCSK9 might be reversely involved in lipid homeostasis and accumulation, resulting in injury and apoptosis in the kidneys of C57BL/6 mice.

20.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 43-48, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773805

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of rosuvastatin on homocysteine (Hcy) induced mousevascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs) dedifferentiation and endoplasmic reticulum stress(ERS).@*METHODS@#VSMCs were co-cultured with Hcy and different concentration of rosuvastatin (0.1, 1.0 and 10 μmol/L). Cytoskeleton remodeling, VSMCs phenotype markers (smooth muscle actin-α, calponin and osteopontin) and ERS marker mRNAs (Herpud1, XBP1s and GRP78) were detected at predicted time. Tunicamycin was used to induce, respectively 4-phenylbutyrate(4-PBA) inhibition, ERS in VSMCs and cellular migration, proliferation and expression of phenotype proteins were analyzed. Mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR)-P70S6 kinase (P70S6K) signaling agonist phosphatidic acid and inhibitor rapamycin were used in Rsv treated VSMCs. And then mTOR signaling and ERS associated mRNAs were detected.@*RESULTS@#Compared with Hcy group, Hcy+ Rsv group (1.0 and 10 μmol/L) showed enhanced α-SMA and calponin expression (<0.01), suppressed ERS mRNA levels (<0.01) and promoted polarity of cytoskeleton. Compared with Hcy group, Hcy+Rsv group and Hcy+4-PBA group showed suppressed proliferation, migration and enhanced contractile protein expression (<0.01); while tunicamycin could reverse the effect of Rsv on Hcy treated cells. Furthermore, alleviated mTOR-P70S6K phosphorylation and ERS (<0.01)were observed in Hcy+Rsv group and Hcy+rapamycin group, compared with Hcy group; while phosphatidic acid inhibited the effect of Rsv on mTOR signaling activation and ERS mRNA levels (<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Rosuvastatin could inhibit Hcy induced VSMCs dedifferentiation suppressing ERS, which might be regulated by mTOR-P70S6K signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Actins , Metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Dedifferentiation , Cells, Cultured , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Heat-Shock Proteins , Metabolism , Homocysteine , Membrane Proteins , Metabolism , Microfilament Proteins , Metabolism , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Cell Biology , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa , Metabolism , Rosuvastatin Calcium , Pharmacology , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Metabolism , X-Box Binding Protein 1 , Metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL