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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752063

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the anti-gout effect of active ingredients in Poecilobdella manillensis. Methods: Hypoxanthine was used to replicate mouse model of hyperuricemia, and xylene was used to induce mouse auricle swelling model. The hot plate method and writhing method were used to screen the active site of Poecilobdella manillensis, and then the active ingredients were screened. The material basis of anti-gout effect of Poecilobdella manillensis was observed. Results: The water-soluble fraction of Poecilobdella manillensis was the active site against gout, which could reduce the level of serum uric acid in hypoxanthine-induced hyperuricemic mice and inhibit xylene-induced auricular swelling in mice, deduce acetic acid-induced writhing reaction in mice and increase the hot plate pain threshold in mice; Hirudin was the main active ingredient in water-soluble parts. Poecilobdella manillensis active ingredient 0.8 g/kg and 0.4 g/kg and Poecilobdella manillensis residue 2.0 g/kg could significantly reduce serum uric acid levels. The serum uric acid levels decreased from232.73 ± 50.93 umol/L in model group to 140.70 ± 25.97 umol/L, 149.07 ± 39.28 umol/L, 176.45 ± 44.33 umol/L, respectively (P < 0.01) . Poecilobdella manillensis active ingredients 0.8 g/kg, 0.4 g/kg and 0.2 g/kg and Poecilobdella manillensis residue 2.0 g/kg could significantly inhibit xylene-induced ear auricle swelling in mice. The swelling degree was inhibited from 22.80 ± 2.86 mg to 20.10 ± 2.18 mg, 19.80 ± 2.57 mg, 20.10 ± 1.66 mg and 20.85 ± 1.60 mg respectively (P < 0.05) . Poecilobdella manillensis 0.8 g/kg active ingredient could significantly reduce the number of writhing mice caused by acetic acid. The number of times was reduced from 22.80 ± 2.86 times to 20.10 ± 2.18 times (P <0.05) . Conclusion: Poecilobdella manillensis anti-gout activity is in water-soluble parts, and Hirudin is the main active ingredient.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4264-4265,4266, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605207

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the HPLC fingerprint of Abrus mollis seed. METHODS:HPLC was performed on the column of Inertsil ODS-3 C18 with mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid(gradient elution)at flow rate of 1.0 ml/min, detection wavelength was 270 nm,column temperature was 30 ℃ and volume injection was 10 μl. With the reference of abrine, 10 batches of A. mollis seed were analyzed,and similarity evaluation was performed by using chromatographic fingerprint of TCM. RESULTS:There were totally 12 common peaks,and the similarity was more than 0.9. According to the verification,the finger-print of A. mollis seed has good consistency with the reference fingerprint. CONCLUSIONS:The established fingerprint can pro-vide reference for the identification and quality evaluation of A. mollis seed.

3.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 942-945,946, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601355

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the volatile oil extraction and inclusion process of Wenweiyang capsules. Methods An orthogonal test was adopted in this study. The extraction technology was optimized for the yield of volatile oil regarding the amount of water loaded, grain size of medicinal material, and decoction time as factors. The inclusion technology was optimized for the inclusion yield and volatile oil inclusion rate using the ratio ofβ-CD:oil, amount of water and grinding time as factors. Results The optimized extraction parameters were as follows:breaking medicinal material through 10 mesh screen, adding 6 fold volume of water and extracting for 5 h. The optimized inclusion progress was grinding at theβ-CD:oil ratio of 81, loading equivalent amount of water and grinding for 30 minutes. The average yield of volatile oil is 1. 72%, the average inclusion rate is 93. 01% and the average volatile oil inclusion rate is 74. 82%. Conclusion The extraction and inclusion technology is simple, reliable, which can effectively retain the volatile oil and provide evidence for the preparation of Wenweiyang capsules.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440121

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the forming process of Wuzibushen Capsules. Methods Category and ratio of accessories were investigated by taking moisture absorption percentage as index. The inspected angle of repose, bulk density and critical relative humidity were also investigated. Results Starch was used as the excipien. Remedium cardinale and starch in the ratio of 1.15∶1.25 was more appropriate, 60% alcohol was added, dried at 60 ℃. Granules had a good fluidity, critical relative humidity was about 62%. Conclusion The forming technology was reasonable and provide reliable basis for production.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-533702

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish an HPLC method for the determination of triterpenoid in the roots of Actinidia deliciosa from Guangxi. METHODS: With the content of 2?,3?,24-trihydroxyursa-12-en-28-oic acid used as index. The separation was performed on Thermo Hypersil BDS C18 column (250 mm?4.6 mm,5 ?m) with 2?,3?,24-trihydroxyursa-12-en-28-oic acid as standard substance. The mobile phase consisted of methanol-0.2% phosphoric acid (73 ∶ 27) with column temperature set at 20 ℃. The flow rate was set at 1.0 mL?min-1 and detection wavelength was 210 nm. RESULTS: The linear range of 2?,3?,24-trihydroxyursa-12-en-28-oic acid were 0.025~0.200 mg?mL-1(r=0.999 8). The average recovery was 99.79%(RSD=1.54%,n=6). CONCLUSION: The method is accurate, reliable and reproducible for the quality control of the roots of A. deliciosa from Guangxi.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-532199

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To determinate the contents of quercetin and kaempferol in Platycladus orientalis carbonisatus by RP - HPLC.METHODS:The determination was performed on Lichrospher C_(18)(250 mm?4.6 mm,5?m) with mobile phase consisted of methanol-0.2%phosphoric acid solution(55:45) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL?min~(-1).The column temperature was set at 25℃and the detection wavelength was set at 368 nm.RESULTS:The linear ranges of quercetin and kaempferol were 0.24~1.68?g(r =0.999 9) and 0.052~0.624?g(r = 0.999 8),respectively.The average recovery rates of quercetin and kaempferol were 100.91%(RSD = 0.80%,n = 6)and 99.59%(RSD = 1.07%,n = 6),respectively.CONCLUSION:The method is simple,accurate,reproducible,and applicable for the quality control of Platycladus orientalis carbonisatus.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-579590

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the chemical constituents from the leaves of Phyllanthus emblica L. METHODS: The constituents were extracted by percolation with 95% ethanol.Then the extract was separated by systemic solvent separation methods.The ethyl acetate portion from the leaves were separated and purified by silica gel column chromatography and polyamide column chromatography with gradient elution,liquid preparation and recrystal methods.The structures of crystals were identified by physiochemical properties,spectrum analysis and literatures ontrast. RESULTS: Five compounds were isolated and identified.They were ?-sitosterol(Ⅰ);?-carotene(Ⅱ);kaemferol(Ⅲ);quercetin(Ⅳ);avicularin(Ⅴ). CONCLUSION: Chemical compound Ⅴ is isolated from this plant for the first time.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-576378

ABSTRACT

AIM: To establish the quality sdandard for Xintongning Tablet(Radix et Rhizoma Ginseng,Radix et Rhizoma Salviae Miltiorrhizae,etc.) METHODS: TLC was used to indentify Radix et Rhizoma Salviae miltiorrhizae,Rhizoma Curcumae Longae and Fel Ursi Powder.The contents of ginsenoside Rg_1,Re were determined by HPLC. RESULTS: Radix et Rhizema Salviae miltiorrhizae,Rhizoma Curcumae Longa and Fel Ursi Powder could be indentified by TLC.The average recoveries of ginsenside Rg_1,Re were 97.18% and 96.74% respectively(n=5). CONCLUSION: The methods are reliable and reproducible.It can be used for quality control of Xintongning Tablets.

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