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Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 566-570, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663199


Objective To explore the clinical application values of the score for the targeting of atrial fibrillation (STAF) and left atrial diameter (L),age (A),diagnosis of stroke or TIA (D),and smoking one year before onset (S) (LADS) and acute stroke atrial fibrillation score (ASAS) (including 4 indicators:age,National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale [NIHSS] score,left atrial enlargement,and vascular etiology) in the screening of patients with ischemic stroke complicated with atrial fibrillation.Methods From April 2016 to April 2017,the clinical and imaging data of 317 patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology,the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University were analyzed retrospectively.The patients were divided into either an atrial fibrillation group (n =56) or a non-atrial fibrillation group (n =261) according to whether they had atrial fibrillation or not.The relative clinical data including gender,age,past history,NIHSS score,echocardiographic results,and cerebrovascular assessment were collected.STAF,LADS,and ASAS scores were performed in all patients,the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn,the area under the curve was calculated,and the sensitivity,specificity,and accuracy of the 3 methods for predicting ischemic stroke with atrial fibrillation were compared.Results Compared with the non-atrial fibrillation group,the differences were statistically significant in age (69 ± 11 years vs.62 ± 12 years),NIHSS scores (8.2 ± 1.3 vs.4.4 ± 0.3),and internal diameter of left atrium (42.3 ± 6.8 mm vs.31.7 ± 2.5 mm) in the atrial fibrillation group (t =2.99,3.38,and 6.32,respectively,all P < 0.01).The area under the curve of STAF score for the diagnosis of ischemic stroke complicated with atrial fibrillation was 0.801.The optimal cut-off point was STAF ≥5,the sensitivity was 58.9%,specificity was 81.2%,and accuracy was 77.3%.The area under the curve of LADS score for diagnosis of atrial fibrillation was 0.846,the optimal cut-off point was LADS ≥ 4,the sensitivity was 66.1%,specificity 83.5 %,and accuracy was 80.4%.The area under the curve of pr (ASAS) score for diagnosis of ischemic stroke complicated with atrial fibrillation was 0.835,the optimal cut-off point was pr (ASAS) ≥0.09,the sensitivity was 85.7%,specificity 56.7%,and accuracy was 61.8%.The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of the three scoring methods were statistically significant (x2 =10.308,59.685,and 32.054,respectively,all P < 0.01).Conclusion The accuracy of LADS ≥ 4 is the highest in screening of acute ischemic stroke complicated with atrial fibrillation

Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 230-233, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401299


Objective To examine whether the marginal division of the striatum(MrD)is involved in the associative learning and memory function of human brain with the help of functional magnetic resonance imaging(fMRI)technique.Methods Sixteen right-handed normal volunteers participated in a test of paired-word associative learning and memory,while the fMRI data were recorded.Control tasks were performed for the block-design.Statistcs parameter mapping 99 was used to analyze the data and to obtain the activated brain regions.Results When the threshold was set as P<0.005.using a one-sample T-test,the left occipital lobe and the superior and middle gyrus of the left frontal lobe were activated remarkably during the encoding process of the paired-word associative learning and memory task,with the maximum intensity T value being 13.87 and 9.36.respectively.The left MrD was also obviously activated during this stage(T value was 5.46).But during the retrieval process,the left parietal lobe was prominently activated(T value was 8.73).Conclusion The resuhs of this study reveal that the subcortical structures such as MrD as well as the cerebral cortex are involved in the associative learning and memory of paired-word in human brain.