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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869874

ABSTRACT

Twenty-three secondary and higher level hospitals in Nantong City were selected from June 3 to June 19, 2019, and the anesthesia safety and quality control surveys were conducted by using "Supervision and Evaluation Scale of Medical Quality Control Index System in a Department of Anesthesiology in Nantong City (2019 edition)" and "Special Supervision and Evaluation Scale of Perioperative Management and Information Construction in a Department of Anesthesiology in Nantong City (2019 edition)" . The results showed that the total score for medical quality control was 90.2±1.3, and the rate of reaching the standard was 87%.The department configuration score was (12.4±0.7), with the rate of reaching the standard 100%, 87% hospitals had anesthesia recovery rooms, but only 2 hospitals had anesthesia clinics.The staffing score was (15.50±0.23), with the rate of reaching the standard 74%, Nantong City had 0.67 anesthesiologists per 10 000 population, the ratio between the number of anesthesiologists and the number of operating rooms was (1.55±0.10), the ratio between the number of nurse anesthetists and the number of operating room was (0.30±0.04), and three hospitals even had no nurses in the department of anesthesiology.The department management and system score was (28.6±0.5), the rate of reaching the standard was 91%, and the operation safety verification system was not implemented in place in 87% hospitals.The medical technique score was (33.6±0.7), the rate of reaching the standard was 83%, and anesthesiology department was not equipped with anesthesia depth monitor, muscle relaxation monitor, body temperature monitor and other equipment in 35% hospitals.The perioperative management and information construction score was (40.2±1.7), the rate of reaching the standard was 48%, standardized post-operative ward round system was not carried out in 43% hospitals, and the surgical anesthesia information system was not used in 65% hospitals.In conclusion, the current status of anesthesia safety and quality control in secondary and higher level hospitals in Nantong City mainly manifests in the urgent need to improve the awareness of anesthesia safety and quality control, lack of doctors and nurses in a department of anesthesiology and lag of anesthesia information construction.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697731

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effectiveness of patient-controlled intravenous analgesia with or without background infusion of dezocine plus flurbiprofen axetil injection in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal cancer operation. Methods Sixty patients scheduled for laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery,35 males and 25 females,aged 18-65 years,ASA physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,were randomly divided into 2 groups:common-dose background infusion group(Group CB,n = 30),and no background infusion group(Group NB, n = 30). All patients were intravenously administered a PCA pump containing dezocine 0.6 mg/kg,flurbiprofen axetil 3 mg/kg and normal saline in a volume of 120 mL.Patients in Group CB were given background infusion rate of 2 mL/h with PCA bolus dose 2 mL,patients in Group NB were given PCA bolus dose 4 mL only.NRS scores, Ramsay sedation scores,pressing times,consumption of analgesic,supplementary analgesics,incidence of ad-verse reactions,time of first exhaust,time of first leaving bed and patients'satisfaction scores were recorded after surgery. The influence factors of time of first exhaust and time of first leaving bed were also analyzed. Results Compared with group CB,the NRS scores in group NB were higher both at rest and during movement(P<0.05), the Ramsay sedation scores in group NB were lower at 24 and 48 h after surgery(P<0.05),the pressing times in group NB were higher(P < 0.05),the consumption of analgesic in group NB were lower after surgery,and the incidence of using supplementary analgesics was higher(P < 0.05). No statistical difference was found on the in-cidence of adverse reactions between the two groups(P > 0.05). Moreover,the time of first leaving bed in group NB was longer than that in group CB(P<0.05).The satisfaction scores in group NB was lower than that in group CB(P<0.05).The main influence factors of the time of first leaving bed were gender and NRS score during move-ment at 24 h after the operation(P<0.05).The main influence factors of the time of first exhaust were age,BMI and fluid infusion volume(P < 0.05). Conclusion Postoperative patient-controlled intravenous analgesia with background infusion of dezocine and flurbiprofen axetil injection was more efficacious and satisfactory,and more suitable in postoperative pain management.

3.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1077-1081, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734625

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of intelligentized patient-controlled analgesia ( PCA) management on the quality of postoperative analgesia in the patients. Methods A total of 6601 patients who underwent postoperative PCA from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017 searched from the intelli-gentized PCA system database were selected as intelligentized PCA management group ( I group) , and then were divided into 3 subgroups according to the year: 2015 subgroup ( n=2221 ) , 2016 subgroup ( n=2152) and 2017 subgroup (n=2228). A total of 1235 patients who underwent PCA which was mainly performed by a department of anesthesiology in the postoperative analgesia-related multi-center questionnaire from April 11, 2016 to April 22, 2016 in 12 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province were select-ed as the traditional PCA management group (C group). The development of moderate and severe pain, nausea and vomiting, over-sedation at rest and during activity and patient′s satisfaction were recorded on 1st and 2nd days after operation. Results Compared with C group, the incidence of moderate and severe pain, nausea and vomiting and over-sedation at rest and during activity was significantly decreased, and the rate of patient′s satisfaction was increased at each time point after operation in I group ( P<0. 05 or 0. 01) . Com-pared with 2015 subgroup, the incidence of moderate and severe pain at rest and severe pain during activity was significantly decreased in 2016 and 2017 subgroups ( P<0. 05 or 0. 01) , and the incidence of nausea and vomiting was significantly increased in 2017 subgroup ( P<0. 05) . Compared with 2016 subgroup, the incidence of nausea and vomiting was significantly increased in 2017 subgroup (P<0. 05). Conclusion Intelligentized PCA management can improve the efficacy of PCA, mitigates the occurrence of adverse reac-tions and raise the quality of postoperative analgesia in the patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423755

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the adsorption of fentanyl by different materials of the analgesic pump reservoir. Methods The concentrations of fentanyl in pump reservoirs,which were made by different materials (glass,silica gel,polyvinyl chloride,non polyvinyl chloride) were detected with the time by high-performance liquid chromatography. The measurement was repeated three times.Results Fentanyl concentration in these reservoirs decreased with time,which decreased 6.3% in silica gel reservoir (P0.05),2.7% in non polyvinyl chloride(P0.05),1.5% in PVC and 1.2% in glass bottles.Conclusion Fentanyl citrate will be adsorbed by different materials of analgesia pump reservoir within 72 h,and the adsorption sequence was silica capsule,non polyvinyl chloride,polyvinyl chloride,and glass bottles.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-521593

ABSTRACT

Objective To test the hypothesis that isoflurane-preconditioning (ISO-P) provides added protection of myocardium with hypothermia against ischemia-reperfusion injury through KATP channels. Methods Thirty-two SD rats of both sexes weighing 230-270 g were studied. The animals were anesthetized with intraperitoneal ketamine 100 mg?kg-1 and heparinized. Chest was opened and heart was immediately removed and perfused in a Langendorff apparatus with oxygenated (95% O2, 5% CO2) Krebs-Hensleit buffer (KHB) for 50 min,followed by 150 min of hypothermic-ischemia (perfusion was suspended and heart was immersed in 17℃ KHB) and 60 min of normothermic reperfusion (heart was again reperfused with 37.7℃ KHB and immersed in 37.7℃ KHB) (I/R). The animals were randomly divided into 4 groups of 8 animals:(l) control group; (2) ISO-P group; (3) ISO-P + GLB group and (4) ISO-P + 5-HD group. The control group received no pretreatment before I/R. In ISO-P group the heart was perfused with KHB gassed with 1% isoflurane for 15 min followed by 15 min wash-out before I/R. In group 3 and 4 the heart was perfused with KHB containing glibenclamide 20?mol?L-1 (group 3) or 5-hydroxydecanoate 150?mol ?L-1 (group 4) in addition to 1% isoflurane before I/R. Cardiac function was measured with a fluid filled latex balloon inserted in left ventricle (LVSP, LVDP, LVEDP, dp/dtmax, dp/dtmin). During hypothermic ischemia left ventricle pressure (LVP),S-time (the interval between the beginning of ischemia to the time point when LVP increased by 1 mm Hg from the baseline pressure) and C-time (the interval between the beginning of ischemia to the time point when LVP was lmmHg below the plateau pressure) were measured. Other criteria included coronary flow (CF),infarct size and creatine kinase.Results (l) S-time and C-time were negatively correlated with infarct size.(2)In ISO-P group (group 2) S-time and C-time were significantly longer during ischemia; LVDP and LVDP x HR were significantly higher during normothermic reperfusion and infarct size was significantly smaller than those in control group (groupl) (P

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