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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 158-161, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003527

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the binocular and monocular accommodation among normal group, premyopia group and mild myopia group, and to study the characteristics of accommodation in the premyopia group, thus providing clinical evidence for the delay/prevention of myopia and the effective decrease of the incidence of myopia.METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study. A total of 179 children who had abnormal/high-risk visual acuity indicated by the vision screening in school from October 2021 to February 2023 were selected, including 92 males and 87 females, aged from 6 to 12(mean 8.55±1.66)years old, then they were referred to the Juvenile Myopia Prevention and Control Center in Cuizu Community Health Service Center. They were divided into normal group(+0.75 D<SE≤+2.00 D), the premyopia group(-0.50 D<SE≤+0.75 D)and the mild myopia group(-3.00 D≤SE≤-0.50 D)according to the diopters after cycloplegia, and binocular myopia grouping is defined by the eye with lower diopter. Binocular positive relative accommodation(PRA), negative relative accommodation(NRA), accommodative facility(AF), and monocular AF and amplitude of accommodation(AA)were examined. The age, binocular and monocular accommodation of different groups were compared.RESULTS: There were no difference in the sex ratio of different groups(χ2=0.167, P=0.920). There was no difference in age between the normal group and the premyopia group(P=0.310), but there were differences between the mild myopia group and the normal group and premyopia group(P=0.018, <0.01); Binocular NRA, PRA, and AF had significance between the normal group and the premyopia group(P<0.01), while there was no significance between the premyopia group and the mild myopia(P>0.05). Monocular AF had significance between the normal group and the premyopia group(P<0.01), while there was no significance between the premyopia group and the mild myopia group(P>0.05); The monocular AA had significance among the three groups(P<0.05).CONCLUSION: Although the diopters was normal, binocular NRA, PRA, monocular and binocular AF had significantly decreased in the premyopia group, and there was no significant difference compared with mild myopia group; monocular AA had decreased in the premyopia group and it was also significantly different from the mild myopia group. The accommodation function should be examined in premyopic children. Recovering the abnormal visual function through visual training may be a way to prevent and control premyopia from progressing to myopia.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 659-664, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993488

ABSTRACT

A total of 6 patients were treated with surface knee joint prosthesis combined with 3D-printed customized bionic tibial block for reconstruction of bone defect after giant cell tumor (GCT) in proximal tibia (1 male and 5 females, aged 50, 40, 68, 53, 35, 42, respectively). 3 patients with primary and 3 patients with recurrence of GCT. After resection of the tumor, the bone defect was filled with 3D-printed block combined with surface knee prosthesis, the surrounding ligaments were reconstructed with microporous structure and artificial mesh. All cases were followed up for 60, 90, 60, 60, 75, and 50 months, respectively. During the follow-up, there was no local recurrence, no radiolucent lines around prosthesis, and no signs of loosening. The clinical scores of the American Knee Society Score (KSS) were 87, 92, 85, 90, 95 and 78. The functional scores were 70, 100, 70, 100, 100 and 80 respectively. Musculoskeletal Tumor Society Score (MSTS) were 27, 28, 26, 26, 26, 27, respectively. Surface knee prosthesis combined with bionic block can effectively fill the bone defect after resection of GCT in proximal tibia, achieve anatomical and functional reconstruction of knee joint.

3.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 563-566, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004784

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the concordance of identifying the presence or absence of KIR genes using flow reverse sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe (Flow-rSSO) hybridization and sequencing based typing-PCR (PCR-SBT) methods. 【Methods】 A total number of 131 cases of DNA samples from Han population were subjected to identify the presence or absence of all 16 KIR genes by Flow-rSSO method, and then sequenced at coding sequence for all 14 functional KIR genes using our in-house KIR PCR-SBT assay. The concordance of identifying the presence or absence of all functional KIR genes by Flow-rSSO and PCR-SBT was analyzed. Samples with inconsistent initial results were re-tested using the Flow-rSSO commercial kits with different Lot number, and further tested using the PCR-SSP commercial kit. 【Results】 The presence or absence of 14 functional KIR genes for 129 of 131 samples were completely in accordance via the PCR-SBT and Flow-rSSO methods. Two samples, one with 3DL1 negative, the other with both 2DS3 and 2DS5 negative initially-identified by Flow-rSSO, were actually all positive tested by PCR-SBT. Further retest by Flow-rSSO commercial kits with different Lot number and PCR-SSP commercial kit indicated that the two samples were all positive, which agreed well with PCR-SBT results. 【Conclusion】 In this paper, the initial test results of the presence or absence of KIR genes identified by Flow-rSSO for 2 samples were wrong, which indicated the importance of carrying out the quality control for reagents in KIR gene testing.

4.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 673-675, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004762

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To share the experience of autologous platelet-rich plasma(PRP) combined therapy in successful treatment of refractory osteomyelitis with fractures in children. 【Methods】 One case of refractory osteomyelitis with fracture in children failed to respond to traditional treatment for more than 14 months. A total of 20 mL of whole blood was collected from the child, and 6 mL of PRP with 4 to 5 times concentration was prepared by secondary centrifugation. To prepare 2 cm×2 cm platelet concentrate gel (PG), 3 mL of PRP was mixed with a 0.3 mL activator which was then covered with an absorbable dressing. A three-way tube sprayed the remaining 3 mL of PRP and 0.3 mL activator into the surrounding tissues. 【Results】 The X-ray film of the patient followed up for 1 week showed that the fracture line was blurred, and the fracture end had obvious callus formation. The X-ray film reexamination at 4 months showed that the fracture end healed well, the fracture surface healed, and the osteomyelitis healed. 【Conclusion】 Autologous PRP has a good effect in the treatment of refractory osteomyelitis combined with fracture in children, which can provide a new method for clinical treatment.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2900-2908, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999054

ABSTRACT

The modernization and development of traditional Chinese medicine has led to higher standards for the quality of traditional Chinese medicine products. The extraction process is a crucial component of traditional Chinese medicine production, and it directly impacts the final quality of the product. However, the currently relied upon methods for quality assurance of the extraction process, such as simple wet chemical analysis, have several limitations, including time consumption and labor intensity, and do not offer precise control of the extraction process. As a result, there is significant value in incorporating near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in the production process of traditional Chinese medicine to improve the quality control of the final products. In this study, we focused on the extraction process of Xiao'er Xiaoji Zhike oral liquid (XXZOL), using near-infrared spectra collected by both a Fourier transform near-infrared spectrometer and a portable near-infrared spectrometer. We used the concentration of synephrine, a quality control index component specified by the pharmacopoeia, to achieve rapid and accurate detection in the extraction process. Moreover, we developed a model transfer method to facilitate the transfer of models between the two types of near-infrared spectrometers (analytical grade and portable), thus resolving the low resolution, poor performance, and insufficient prediction accuracy issues of portable instruments. Our findings enable the rapid screening and quality analysis of XXZOL onsite, which is significant for quality monitoring during the traditional Chinese medicine production process.

6.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 74-81, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996130

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of different frequencies of pricking-bloodletting at auricular points plus auricular point sticking therapy on the levels of the serum immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin M (IgM), testosterone (T), and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in patients with acne vulgaris (AV). Methods: Ninety patients with AV were randomly assigned to treatment group 1, treatment group 2, and treatment group 3 according to the random number remainder grouping method, with 30 cases in each group. All three groups received pricking-bloodletting at auricular points plus auricular point sticking therapy. Treatment group 1 was treated once a week, treatment group 2 was treated twice a week, and treatment group 3 was treated 3 times a week. Four-week treatment was taken as 1 treatment course, and 3 treatment courses were observed. On the day before the start of the study and on the day next to the end of each course, the global acne grading system (GAGS) score was recorded, and 3 mL of blood from the median cubital vein was collected to test the serum levels of IgG, IgM, T, and IGF-1. After 3 courses of treatment, the efficacy index was calculated according to the GAGS score, and the serum indicators in patients with effective treatment (efficacy index ≥20%) and complete sampling were analyzed. Results: A total of 60 patients were included in the final blood indicator analysis. After 3 courses of treatment, the intra-group comparisons showed that the serum IgG level increased significantly in patients in treatment group 1 (P<0.01); the serum T level decreased significantly in the female patients in treatment group 2 (P<0.05); the IGF-1 level significantly decreased in the patients in all three groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). There were no significant differences in the serum levels of IgG, IgM, T, and IGF-1 among the three groups at each time point (P>0.05). Conclusion: Pricking-bloodletting at auricular points plus auricular point sticking therapy can affect the levels of serum IgG, T, and IGF-1 in AV patients. The level of the serum IGF-1 can be reduced by treatment once a week, twice a week, or 3 times a week. Treatment once a week can increase the patients' serum IgG level, and treatment twice a week can significantly decrease the serum T level in female patients. Reducing the serum IGF-1 level may be one of the action mechanisms of pricking-bloodletting at auricular points plus auricular point sticking therapy in treating AV.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 22-26, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the medical service quality of psychiatric hospitals in Beijing based on diagnostic related group (DRG), analyze the evaluation effect, for refences to constructe a DRG performance evaluation system suitable for psychiatric hospitals.Methods:This study extracted data such as the number of DRG groups, etc. of hospitalized patients in 14 tertiary and secondary psychiatric hospitals in Beijing from 2018 to 2020 from the Beijing inpatient medical performance evaluation platform, and analyzed data on DRG performance evaluation indicators, as well as the average length of hospital stay and average cost of DRG enrolled cases. All data were analyzed using descriptive research methods, and inter group comparisons were conducted using the Mann Whitney U-test. Results:From 2018 to 2020, the average number of DRG groups in tertiary hospitals (28) was higher than that in secondary hospitals (10) ( P<0.05), and the average CMI values of both were the same(1.79); The average cost consumption index (1.15) of tertiary hospitals was higher than that of secondary hospitals (0.65) ( P<0.05), while the average time consumption index (1.11) was slightly lower than that of secondary hospitals (1.30); The mortality rate of the low-risk group in tertiary hospitals (0.01%) was generally lower than that in secondary hospitals (0.88%), and the average percentage of DRG admitted inpatients (82.8%) was significantly higher than that in secondary hospitals (27.3%) ( P>0.05). The average length of stay and cost per case for DRG enrolled inpatients in tertiary and secondary hospitals were lower than the overall hospital discharge cases ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The number of DRG groups, CMI value, and low-risk mortality rate could be used for evaluating the medical service capacity and safety of psychiatric hospitals, but the cost and time consumption index could not objectively reflect the efficiency of hospital medical services. DRG performance evaluation indicators are more suitable for evaluating short-term hospitalization of psychiatric patients. The proportion of DRG enrolled cases might be a potential indicator for evaluating the service quality of psychiatric hospitals.

8.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 676-680, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features of neonatal testicular torsion and to evaluate the effect and necessity of early intervention.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 11 neonates admitted to the Second Hospital of Shandong University with neonatal testicular torsion from June 2017 to June 2022. Clinical data of these cases including clinical manifestations, ultrasonography findings, surgical management and outcomes were reviewed and analyzed with descriptive statistical methods.Results:The median age of the 11 patients on admission was 2.6 d (1-5 d). The median time from finding abnormal scrotum to admission was 12 h (1-120 h). Various degrees of scrotal swelling or scleroma were found in the patients. Among them, seven patients presented with acute inflammatory signs of cyano sis or skin redness, and testis-like tissue induration could be touched. Ultrasound scan showed abnormal blood flow in the affected testicle in all cases. Emergency scrotal exploration under general anesthesia was performed successfully in all cases and ten of them underwent orchiectomy of the affected testicle plus contralateral orchiopexy. The rest one who was admitted within 1 h after birth only underwent orchiopexy of the affected testicle as the parents refused contralateral testicular exploration. During the operation, 12 twisted testis were observed, including seven with extravaginal torsion, three with intravaginal torsion and two adhering to the surrounding tissue without normal testicular tissue or distinguishable torsion direction or degree. In this study, ten patients had unilateral testicular torsion, which affected the left side in seven cases and the right side in three cases, and one had bilateral testicular torsion, which was diagnosed as left testicle torsion before surgery. During scrotal exploration, the left testicle of this bilateral case was resected due to necrosis, while the right testicle twisted about 180 degrees with good blood flow and was subjected to orchidopexy after reduction. In one case, the unaffected testicle was unfixed and dysplastic during contralateral exploration, which was also subjected to orchidopexy. In the 12 testis with torsion, one testicle of the patient admitted within 1 h after birth and the right testicle of the bilateral case were preserved with a salvage rate of 2/12. Pathological examination showed necrosis in the ten excised testis, and fibrosis and calcification foci in two of them. None of the patients had any perioperative complications and the scrotal incision healed well in all neonates. The patients were followed up for 6-12 months with regular ultrasound. The two preserved testis and the contralateral testis subjected to orchidopexy were located in the scrotum with good blood supply, and no torsion, atrophy or other abnormalities occurred.Conclusions:Neonatal testicular torsion is rarely seen in clinical practice and has no specific manifestations. It has a high excision rate due to testicular necrosis. Early diagnosis and bilateral scrotal exploration are crucial to the prognosis and the keys to save the affected testis and avoid anorchidism.

9.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 214-222, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994656

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate left ventricular structural and functional abnormalities and vascular calcification in kidney transplant (KT) recipients, explore their influencing factors and examine the effects of mineral and bone disorders.Methods:From January 2017 to December 2019, retrospective analysis was performed for 292 KT recipients. Biochemical markers of bone metabolism, bone mineral density (BMD), left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular diastolic function, coronary artery calcification (CAC) score and thoracic aortic calcification (TAC) score were assessed. Linear regression and binary Logistic regression analyses were employed for evaluating the influencing factors of cardiovascular parameters and the influence of abnormal mineral and bone metabolism.Results:Postoperative abnormalities in mineral and bone disorders were manifested mostly as hypercalcemia (8.9%, 26/292), hypophosphatemia (27.1%, 79/292), low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)vitD) (67.0%, 196/292), hyperparathyroidismhigh parathyroid hormone (PTH) (50.6%, 148/292), elevated bone turnover markers and bone loss rate of 25%-30%. The prevalence of LVH, LVEF<50%, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, high CAC score and high TAC score were 39.9%(116/292), 0%, 13.1%(38/292), 17.3%(50/292) and 39.9%(116/292) respectively. The results of multivariate analysis indicated that LVH was correlated positively with hypertension and serum calcium (Ca) (95% CI: 1.242-28.080, P=0.026; 95% CI: 1.714-277.584, P=0.018); LVEF was correlated positively with lumbar vertebrae BMD (95% CI: 0.000 1-0.005 5, P=0.041); Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction was correlated positively with age, diabetes and parathyroid hyperplasia/nodules (95% CI: 1.050-1.176, P<0.001; 95% CI: 2.118-43.813, P=0.003 and 95% CI: 1.419-9.103, P=0.007); High CAC score was correlated positively with recipient age and dialysis time (95% CI: 1.036-1.160, P=0.001; 95% CI: 1.009-1.041, P=0.002); High TAC score was correlated positively with age (95% CI: 1.095-1.215, P<0.001). Correlation analysis indicated that TAC was correlated positively with serum Ca ( r=0.233, P=0.003), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP)( r=0.325, P<0.001) and type Ⅰ collagen cross-linked N-terminal peptide (NTX)( r=0.204, P=0.011) and negatively with femoral neck BMD ( r=0.194, P=0.017). Conclusions:There is a high prevalence of left ventricular structural and functional abnormalities and vascular calcification. It is closely correlated with mineral and bone disorders.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 463-467, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994491

ABSTRACT

Clinical and histological features of Spitz nevi, atypical Spitz tumors and spitzoid melanoma overlap each other, making their identification challenging. Combined with clinical and histological features of spitzoid melanocytic tumors, this review summarizes research progress in their immunohistochemical features and application of fluorescence in situ hybridization in their identification.

11.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 484-492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981295

ABSTRACT

Parkinson's disease(PD)is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer's disease,with high morbidity and high disability rate.Since the early symptoms of PD are not typical and often similar to those of normal aging or other diseases.It is easy to missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis,which seriously affects the diagnosis and treatment of this disease and aggravetes the burden on the patients' life.MicroRNAs(miRNA)are a class of endogenous non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation by binding to target messenger RNAs(mRNA).They are highly conserved,short,easy to obtain,and can stably exist in peripheral body fluids.They have been used as biomarkers for a variety of diseases.Recent studies have demonstrated that miRNA play an important role in the development of PD.This paper reviews the recent research progress of miR-7/124/155,three mature miRNA in PD,aiming to provide reference for clarifying the pathogenesis and guiding the diagnosis and treatment of PD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease , Neurodegenerative Diseases , MicroRNAs/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Biomarkers/metabolism
12.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 324-333, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981058

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Foreign studies have reported that coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with high baseline low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) may have a good prognosis, which is called the "cholesterol paradox". This study aimed to examine whether the "cholesterol paradox" also exists in the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#A total of 2,056 patients who underwent the first percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between 2014 and 2016 were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study and classified into two groups based on baseline LDL-C = 2.6 mmol/L (100 mg/dL). The outcomes of interest included major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), all-cause mortality, recurrent nonfatal myocardial infarction, unexpected coronary revascularization, or any nonfatal stroke.@*RESULTS@#All-cause mortality occurred in 8 patients (0.7%) from the low-LDL-C group and 12 patients (2.4%) in the high-LDL-C group, with a significant difference between the two groups (adjusted hazard ratio: 4.030, 95% confidence interval: 1.088-14.934; P = 0.037). However, no significant differences existed for the risk of MACE or other secondary endpoints, such as unexpected revascularization, nor any nonfatal stroke in the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, a high baseline LDL-C was not associated with a low risk of clinical outcomes in CAD patients undergoing first PCI, which suggested that the "cholesterol paradox" may be inapplicable to Chinese populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholesterol, LDL , Retrospective Studies , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Cholesterol , Cholesterol, HDL , Stroke/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Risk Factors
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1283-1287, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978694

ABSTRACT

Two undescribed terpene glycosides and two compounds were isolated from the n-butanol fraction of Alpiniae Oxyphyllae Fructus by using various chromatographic methods, including MCI Gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS, silica gel and semi-preparative HPLC. The structures of the isolated compounds were identified by spectroscopy methods (1D, 2D NMR, UV, IR, MS, etc.), and the absolute configuration of the compound 1 was determined by ECD calculation and acid hydrolysis. Compounds 1 and 2 are new compound, and compounds 3 and 4 were isolated from Alpiniae Oxyphyllae Fructus for the first time.

14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 240-248, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973495

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate effectiveness and safety of transcatheter aortic valve replacement in the treatment of aortic regurgitation. Methods     PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang Data and VIP were searched from inception to August 2021. According to the criteria of inclusion and exclusion, two reviewers independently screened the literature, extracted the data and evaluated the quality of the included studies. Then, Stata 16.0 software was used for meta-analysis. Subgroup meta-analysis of valve type used and study type was performed. Results    Twenty-five studies (12 cohort studies and 13 single-arm studies) were included with 4 370 patients. Meta-analysis results showed that an incidence of device success was 87% (95%CI 0.81-0.92). The success rate of the new generation valve subgroup was 93% (95%CI 0.89-0.96), and the early generation valve subgroup was 66% (95%CI 0.56-0.75). In addition, the 30-day all-cause mortality was 7% (95%CI 0.05-0.10), the 30-day cardiac mortality was 4% (95%CI 0.01-0.07), the incidence of pacemaker implantation was 10% (95%CI 0.08-0.13), and the incidence of conversion to thoraco-tomy was 2% (95%CI 0.01-0.04). The incidence of moderate or higher paravalvular aortic regurgitation was 6% (95%CI  0.03-0.09). Conclusion     Transcatheter aortic valve replacement for aortic regurgitation is safe and yields good results, but some limitations can not be overcome. Therefore, multicenter randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm our results.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 192-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953940

ABSTRACT

A total of 290 prescriptions in Treatise on Typhoid and Miscellaneous Diseases (《伤寒杂病论》) and Synopsis of the Golden Chamber (《金匮要略》) and 191 prescriptions in Prescriptionology were selected as representatives of classical prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which were translated into Chinese and Japanese. The prescription names were used as keywords for search, and the patent application data up to June 2022 were retrieved. The retrieved results underwent data cleaning and manual noise reduction. Taking the important applicants as the starting point, the key technologies were divided and indexed according to the technical improvement characteristics of classic TCM prescriptions, and the intelligence information of patent applications for classic TCM prescriptions in the two countries was deeply excavated. The differences in the patent applications and layout strategies of classic TCM prescriptions between China and Japan were further compared. This paper drew up an accurate and targeted search strategy for more accurate and comprehensive retrieval, collation, and statistics of patent data of classic TCM prescriptions of representative patent applicants in China and Japan. At the same time, this paper deeply explored the information on Chinese patent applications in Japan and compared the differences in patent application strategies and patent protection of classic TCM prescriptions and Chinese prescriptions in Japan taking the layout of classic TCM prescriptions of representative patent applicants in China and Japan as the entry point. On one hand, it can accurately grasp the current patent application status of classic TCM prescriptions in the two countries, and on the other hand, it can also provide some references for the secondary development and research, patent application, and layout of classic prescriptions of enterprises, universities, and research institutions in China.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 217-222, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959751

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide a method to reduce environmental residues for pharmacy intravenous admixture service (PIVAS), and ensure the occupational health of medical staff. METHODS The residues of 15 cytotoxic antineoplastic drugs such as gemcitabine were detected by UPLC-Q-Orbitrap-HRMS. The cleaning process was optimized with the residual quantity as the index. Nitrogen blowing method was used for alcohol volatilization experiment. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effect of chlorine-containing disinfectant on the toxicity of cytotoxic antitumor drugs. RESULTS The linear range of 15 cytotoxic antineoplastic drugs such as gemcitabine were 0.5-1 000 ng/mL. RSDs of intra-day and intra-day precision were no higher than 20.00%. Six drugs including gemcitabine, isocyclophosphamide and cyclophosphamide were detected in the PIVAS environment of our hospital, and the residue of cyclophosphamide was relatively high. The optimal cleaning procedure was cleaning once with water + cleaning once with 1 000 mg/L chlorine-containing disinfectant + cleaning once with 75% alcohol, wiping with dry gauze method. The results of alcohol volatilization test showed that there was no significant difference in drug residues between control group and 75% alcohol group (P>0.05). The results of CCK-8 test showed that compared with control group, the survival rates of the cells treated with 15 cytotoxic antineoplastic drugs were decreased significantly (P<0.01); the survival rates of the cells treated with 15 cytotoxic antineoplastic drugs+chlorine-containing disinfectant were significantly higher than those treated with 15 cytotoxic antineoplastic drugs (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS A method for the simultaneous determination for residues of 15 cytotoxic antineoplastic drugs such as gemcitabine in PIVAS is successfully established; the optimal cleaning procedure can significantly reduce the residues of drugs, the use of chlorine- containing disinfectant can significantly reduce the toxicity of drug, and the residual drugs will not cause secondary contamination of the operating area with alcohol volatilization.

17.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 446-450,C1, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989480

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the efficacy of vertebroplasty combined with posterior decompression and internal fixation in the treatment of spinal metastases with neurological symptoms.Methods:This study was a retrospective analysis of 32 cases with neurological symptoms caused by spinal metastatic tumor in the Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2016 to January 2022. All 32 patients (20 males, 12 females) aged between 39 to 85 years were enrolled in this study, with a mean age of (64.8±11.9) years. Surgery time, bleeding volume, modified Tokuhashi score, spinal instability neoplastic score (SINS) were collected. The visual analogue score (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Karnofsky performance scale (KPS) and American spinal cord injury association (ASIA) score before surgery, 1 month after surgery, 3 months after surgery and 6 months after surgery were collected and analyzed. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as mean±standard deviation( ± s), and the comparison before and after surgery was conducted using repeated-measures analysis of variance test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3). Results:All 32 patients were followed up for 6 months. The operation time was (209.6±49.0) min, and the blood loss was (462.9±298.3) mL. 14 patients(43.8%) were treated with blood transfusion. The modified Tokuhashi score was 8.09±2.89, and the SINS was 8.81±1.97. The VAS score before surgery, postoperative 1, 3, 6 months were 7.47±0.98, 3.87±0.87, 2.91±0.73 and 2.34±0.60, respectively. ODI score before surgery, postoperative 1, 3, 6 months were 79.13±9.50, 39.14±6.31, 34.43±6.42 and 31.08±4.80, respectively. KPS score before surgery, postoperative 1, 3, 6 months were 49.69±14.70, 64.68±15.02, 71.88±12.81 and 75.63±10.76, respectively. The ASIA grading at 6 months follow-up was improved compared to preoperative baseline. Postoperative complications occurred in 4 cases, including nerve root injury (1 case), bone cement leakage in paravertebral soft tissue (1cases), bone cement leakage in paravertebral vein(1case) and acute thoracic epidural hematoma (1case).Conclusion:Vertebroplasty combined with posterior decompression and internal fixation can effectively relieve pain, relieve the compression of spinal cord and nerve, recover nerve functions, and improve the quality of life of patients with spinal metastatic tumor.

18.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 307-309, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986034

ABSTRACT

Malignant mesothelioma is a highly malignant disease that most often occurs in the pleural cavity, followed by the peritoneum and pericardium. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) accounts for 10%-15% of all mesothelioma. The most important risk factor for MPM is exposure to asbestos. MPM has no specific clinical symptoms, imaging and histopathology are critical for the diagnosis. There are currently no generally accepted guidelines for curative treatment of MPM. The patient mainly presented with abdominal pain, abdominal distension and discomfort. Due to extensive omentum metastasis, no further surgical treatment was performed. Pemetrexed combined with cisplatin chemotherapy was given for 2 cycles, and the patient is still alive.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesothelioma, Malignant/drug therapy , Mesothelioma/diagnosis , Pemetrexed/therapeutic use , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Peritoneal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pleural Neoplasms , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy
19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 949-953, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985618

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the epidemic characteristics and drug resistance of pulmonary tuberculosis among the floating population in Beijing and to provide a scientific basis for formulating strategies for the prevention and control of tuberculosis among the floating population. Methods: Data of tuberculosis patients who were positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture was collected from 16 districts and one municipal institution of tuberculosis control and prevention in Beijing in 2019. The strain samples were tested for drug sensitivity by the proportional method. According to household registration location, patients were divided into the floating population and Beijing registration. SPSS 19.0 software analyzed tuberculosis patients' epidemic characteristics and drug resistance in the floating population. Results: In 2019, there were 1 171 culture-positive tuberculosis patients in Beijing, among the floating population, 593 (50.64%) patients were identified, with a male-to-female sex ratio of 2.2∶1 (409∶184). Compared to patients under household registration as Beijing residents, a higher proportion of young adults aged 20-39 years (65.09%,386/593) were noticed, with 55.65% (330/593) reported from the urban areas and 96.80% (574/593) were reported the first time. The differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). After completing the drug sensitivity test, 37 cases were with multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis, accounting for 6.24% (37/593). The rates of isoniazid resistance (42.11%,8/19) and multidrug resistance (21.05%,4/19) in floating population patients after retreatment were significantly higher than those in newly treated patients (11.67%, 67/574 and 5.75%, 33/574), and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Most patients with tuberculosis in the floating population in Beijing in 2019 were young males aged 20-39 years. The reporting areas were urban areas and the newly treated patients mainly. The patients with tuberculosis in the re-treated floating population were more likely to suffer from multidrug and drug resistance, which should be taken as the key population for prevention and control.


Subject(s)
Young Adult , Humans , Female , Male , Beijing/epidemiology , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/epidemiology , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/epidemiology , Drug Resistance
20.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 258-267, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971319

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify topics attracting growing research attention as well as frontier trends of acupuncture-neuroimaging research over the past two decades.@*METHODS@#This paper reviewed data in the published literature on acupuncture neuroimaging from 2000 to 2020, which was retrieved from the Web of Science database. CiteSpace was used to analyze the publication years, countries, institutions, authors, keywords, co-citation of authors, journals, and references.@*RESULTS@#A total of 981 publications were included in the final review. The number of publications has increased in the recent 20 years accompanied by some fluctuations. Notably, the most productive country was China, while Harvard University ranked first among institutions in this field. The most productive author was Tian J with the highest number of articles (50), whereas the most co-cited author was Hui KKS (325). Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (92) was the most prolific journal, while Neuroimage was the most co-cited journal (538). An article written by Hui KKS (2005) exhibited the highest co-citation number (112). The keywords "acupuncture" (475) and "electroacupuncture" (0.10) had the highest frequency and centrality, respectively. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) ranked first with the highest citation burst (6.76).@*CONCLUSION@#The most active research topics in the field of acupuncture-neuroimaging over the past two decades included research type, acupoint specificity, neuroimaging methods, brain regions, acupuncture modality, acupoint specificity, diseases and symptoms treated, and research type. Whilst research frontier topics were "nerve regeneration", "functional connectivity", "neural regeneration", "brain network", "fMRI" and "manual acupuncture".


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Bibliometrics , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroimaging
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