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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936168

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the effectiveness, safety and factors influencing the clinical prognosis of patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma in T4b by nonsurgical treatments. Methods: The clinical data of 77 patients with T4b hypopharyngeal cancer treated in the College of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2010 to June 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. All were males, aged(57.0±8.0)years old. Patients were treated with induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Kaplan Meier survival analysis was used to compare the effects of different factors on prognosis. Adverse reactions during treatments and the causes of death were analyzed. Results: 98.7% of 77 patients with T4b hypopharyngeal cancer completed the chemotherapy plan and 94.8% completed the radiotherapy plan. The most common adverse reactions were grade 2 radiation oral mucositis (50/77, 64.9%) and grade 2 leukopenia (50/77, 64.9%). The incidence of grade 3 severe hoarseness was 7.8% (6/77), one patient (1.3%) underwent gastrostomy due to dysphagia, and pronunciation and swallowing function were effectively preserved in other patients. The overall survival rate was 71.9% at 1 year, 45.6% at 3 years and 29.7% at 5 years. The location of tumor, the presence of liquefaction necrosis in tumor, the use of molecular targeted drugs and the approach of radiotherapy were independent factors,each of which that affected the prognosis of T4b patients with advanced hypopharyngeal cancer [HR (95%CI) were 1.867(1.085-3.213), 3.018 (1.437-6.335), 0.372 (0.181-0.764) and 2.158 (1.015-4.588), respectively, P<0.05]. The two leading causes of death with high incidence were disease recurrence (12/32, 37.5%) and cervical large vessel rupture and hemorrhage (11/32, 34.4%). Conclusions: Non-surgical comprehensive treatment offers a high laryngeal preservation rate in patients with T4b hypopharyngeal cancer. The location of tumor, the liquefaction necrosis within tumor, the use of molecular targeted drugs, and the approach of radiotherapy are independent prognostic factors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Chemoradiotherapy , Humans , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 116-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933174

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of the combination of 18F-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET/CT and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) in identifying the grade group of prostate cancer, using parameters derived from the two imaging modalities. Method:Prostate cancer patients diagnosed by histopathology and received 18F-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI during September 2018 to May 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively studied. The median age was 68(64-75), with the median PSA level of 14.74(7.75-24.19)ng/mL. All patients received mpMRI before biopsy. On biopsy, 6(12.2%) patients had International Society of Urological Pathology grade group(ISUP GG) 1 diseases, 16(32.7%) had ISUP GG 2 diseases, 12(24.5%) had ISUP GG 3 diseases, and 15(10.9%) had ISUP GG 4 or 5 diseases. Patients were then divided into high-grade group (ISUP 4-5) and low-grade group(ISUP 1-3). The median age of patients in high-grade group and low-grade group were 65(62-76) and 71(65-74), respectively. The PSA level in high-grade group and low-grade group were 15.11(6.63-42.86) ng/ml and 12.31(7.94-18.25) ng/ml, respectively. No significant differences were found in age and PSA level between the two groups ( P=0.334, P=0.448). All patients underwent 18F-PSMA PET/CT within 4 weeks after biopsy. The maximum standardized uptake value(SUV max) and the minimum apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC min)were recorded, and the ratio of SUV max/ ADC minwere calculated. The correlation between the above parameters and ISUP grade group were analyzed.The diagnostic value of the parameters was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The data of 49 patients were analyzed. The average ADC minwas (0.57±0.16)×10 -3 mm 2/s, with the average SUV max and SUV max/ADC min of 15.30±12.54 and (29.69±23.72)×10 3, respectively. Statistical differences were found in SUV max ( P=0.012) and SUV max/ADC min ( P=0.002) between the high- and low-grade groups, while ADC min ( P=0.411) showed no statistical differences between the two groups. Significant positive correlations were found between SUV max(r=0.501, P<0.001), SUV max/ADC min (r=0.527, P<0.001) and ISUP grade group, respectively. There was a negative correlation between ADC min and ISUP grade group (r=-0.296, P=0.039). SUV max/ADC min was the best index to distinguish high-grade group from low-grade group prostate cancer with the area under the curve(AUC) of 0.749. In contrast, the AUC of SUV maxand ADC min were 0.731 and 0.615, respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of SUV max/ADC min were 73.3% and 85.3%, respectively, with a critical value of 37.23×10 3. Conclusion:The combination use of 18F-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI could improve the diagnostic efficiency for prostate cancer, compared to either modality alone. The ratio of SUV max/ADC min has a positive correlation with ISUP grade group, and is a promising index for distinguishing the high-grade prostate cancer from low-grade cancer.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932628

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and dose of 4D template (real-time adjustable angle template) in the treatment of advanced malignant tumors with 125I seeds. Methods:98 patients with advanced malignant tumors admitted to Department of Thoracic Surgery of Shaanxi Provincial Tumor Hospital were treated with 4D template-navigated radioactive 125I seed implantation from June 2018 to December 2019. Preoperative TPS plan, intraoperative optimization, postoperative verification of immediate dose and postoperative evaluation of implantation dose were performed. The treatment results were observed. Results:All 98 patients completed the seed implantation. The implantation dose of GTV of implantation site receiving external irradiation was (12 489±414) cGy and the dose of no external irradiation was (15 036±514) cGy. V 100% was 84.7%-94.1%, and 88.2%-93.7%. The implantation dose of CTV was (7 450±621) cGy, and (9 080±761) cGy. The quality of dose implantation was evaluated as: excellent in 89 cases (91%, 89/98), good in 7 cases (7%, 7/98), fair in 2 cases (2%, 2/98), and poor in 0 case, respectively. The symptom relief rate of patients with pain was 92%(36/39). The 1-and 2-year local control rates were 61%, 36% and 82%, 54% in patients treated with and without external irradiation, respectively. The difference was statistically significant ( P=0.02). The incidence rates of pneumothorax and hemoptysis were 19%(9/48) and 10%(5/48). No corresponding complications were observed in other parts of the patients. Conclusion:4D template-assisted 125I seed therapy is safe and effective for malignant tumors, and intraoperative adjustment of needle angle and dose optimization can realize the precise control of implantation dose.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941015

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a culture system for human nasal mucosal organoids with controllable differentiation to reproduce the structure and function of the source tissue through staged expansion-differentiation culture.@*METHODS@#Fresh samples of surgically resected middle turbinate and nasal polyp tissues were collected, from which the nasal mucosa epithelial cells were isolated by enzymatic digestion and filtration for continuous culture at the air-liquid interface for expansion (EO group) or staged culture for expansion and differentiation (DO group). Immunohistochemical staining was used to characterize the structure, cellular composition and ciliary function of nasal mucosal organoids in the two groups. The secretion function of the differentiated nasal mucosal organoids in DO group was evaluated using PAS staining.@*RESULTS@#Both of the two organoid culture systems yielded vacuolar or solid spherical 3D organoids, and their diameters increased progressively with time. On day 16 of culture, more vacuolar organoids occurred in DO group, while more solid spherical organoids were seen in EO group, and the proportion of vacuoles was significantly greater in DO group than in EO group [(54.67±13.26)% vs (21.67±8.57)%, P < 0.05]. Short tandem repeat (STR) test of the nasal mucosal organoids and the source tissue showed a 100% match between them. On day 21 of culture, scanning and transmission electron microscopy of the nasal mucosal organoids identified ultrastructure of cilia in DO group and short villi structure in most of the organoids in EO group. Immunohistochemical staining showed positivity for P63 (basal cells), β-tubulin (ciliated columnar cells), and MUC5AC (goblet cells) in the organoids. Compared with those in EO group, the organoids in DO group showed significantly greater percentages of ciliated cells [(7.95±1.81)% vs (27.04±5.91)%, P < 0.05] and goblet cells [(14.46±0.93)% vs (39.85±5.43)%, P < 0.05) with a similar percentage of basal cells [(56.91±14.12)% vs (53.42±15.77)%, P > 0.05]. The differentiated nasal mucosal organoids in DO group were positively stained for glycogen.@*CONCLUSION@#The staged expansion-differentiation culture method allows more stable and prolonged growth of the cultured cells in vitro to produce organoids with controllable differentiation closely resembling the morphological structure and functions (ciliary function and secretory function) of the source tissue.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Nasal Mucosa , Organoids
5.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 325-331, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876541

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of notifiable infectious diseases reported in Zhejiang Province in 2020 for prevention and control.@*Methods@#Data of notifiable infectious diseases reported in Zhejiang Province in 2020 were extracted from China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention. The incidence and death of notifiable infectious diseases were analyzed and compared with the averages from 2015 to 2019; then the characteristics of some key diseases such as coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ), influenza and other infectious diarrhea were summarized. @*Results@#Totally 487 271 cases of 30 kinds of infectious diseases were reported. The incidence and mortality rate was 832.94/100 000 and 0.615 4/100 000, which were 7.05% and 14.60% lower than the average value of 2015-2019.The weekly morbidity of Class A and Class B infectious diseases fluctuated between 1.24/100 000 and 3.68/100 000, and hit the bottom in the sixth to eighth week. The morbidity of Class C infectious diseases was 154.19/100 000 in the first week, then dropped to 4.83/100 000 in the second to sixth week and maintained at a low level. High morbidity of infectious diseases were reported in Hangzhou ( 1 412.62/100 000 ), Jinhua ( 960.35/100 000 ) and Ningbo ( 921.25/100 000 ). The morbidity of class C infectious diseases in Hangzhou was 1 248.80/100 000, which was far higher than that of other ten prefecture-level cities. The diseases with high reported morbidity were influenza (438.45/100 000), other infectious diarrhea (140.29/100 000 ), hand-foot-and-mouth disease ( 99.64/100 000 ), pulmonary tuberculosis ( 41.92/100 000 ), syphilis (41.37/100 000) and viral hepatitis ( 30.48/100 000 ). More deaths were reported in AIDS and pulmonary tuberculosis, and the mortality were 0.482 1/100 000 and 0.116 2/100 000. A total of 1 306 confirmed cases, 302 asymptomatic infections and 1 death of COVID-19 were reported. @*Conclusion@#In 2020, the incidence rate of notifiable infectious diseases in Zhejiang decreased compared with the average value of 2015-2019. Pulmonary tuberculosis, syphilis and hepatitis B still have high morbidity, and the COVID-19 epidemic spread widely. The morbidity of some respiratory infectious diseases and imported infectious diseases have dropped significantly compared with previous years.

6.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 217-220, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876104

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the risk of public health emergencies in Zhejiang Province, March 2021. @*Methods@#An expert counsel was conducted to assess the risk of coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) , enteritis due to norovirus, chicken pox and influenza by professionals in Zhejiang CDC, based on the information from infectious disease and public health emergency surveillance in Zhejiang Province, domestic health administrative departments, World Health Organization, and European CDC. @*Results@#In March 2021, the risk of imported COVID-19 epidemic will be high in Zhejiang Province, and the possibility of local spread could not be ruled out. The possibility of a large-scale outbreak of enteritis due to norovirus and a small-scale outbreak of chickenpox in schools and kindergartens could not be ruled out after the new term begins. An increased risk of influenza epidemic is predicted in collective units such as schools and kindergartens, yet the risk of a large-scale one will be low.@*Conclusion@#High attention should be paid to COVID-19 and enteritis due to norovirus, and general attention should be paid to chicken pox and influenza outbreak.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908594

ABSTRACT

Reticular macular disease (RMD) is a novel, independent macular disease closely related to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). It is currently available to identify RMD through a variety of new imaging techniques.The infrared imaging in the confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and spectral domain optical coherence tomography have the highest sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of RMD, and the imaging characteristics are significantly different from those of the common drusen.The cause of RMD has a certain correlation with genes, environment, gender, age and systemic diseases, but the specific pathogenesis is still inconclusive.Many studies showing that choroid vascular lesions are closely related, and Bruch membrane lesions may also be the cause of the first appearance of reticular pseudodrusen in some studies.RMD is closely related to advanced AMD, especially geographic atrophy, and some develop advanced wet-AMD.Early intervention may prevent its progression to advanced AMD.In recent years, it has been found to be associated with cardiovascular diseases and some malignant tumors, and may even become a warning sign.Therefore, research on RMD is of increasing importance in clinical implications.In this article, the characteristics of RMD, its clinical and imaging manifestations, changes of visual function and its relationship with fundus and systemic diseases were reviewed.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886683

ABSTRACT

@#Photodynamic therapy, a new type of non-invasive treatment, is based on the principle that the photosensitizer excited by laser can transfer energy to oxygen, which generates cytotoxic singlet oxygen and thus induce tumor cell apoptosis or necrosis. As an oxygen-dependent therapy, the antitumor effect of photodynamic therapy is obviously limited by hypoxia environment of solid tumor tissue. Therefore, reversing and improving the hypoxia of tumor tissue can significantly enhance the efficacy of photodynamic therapy. This review focuses on the progress of tumor oxygenation strategy mediated by nano-delivery system, including direct oxygen delivery strategies, catalytic oxygen production strategies, responsive material in situ oxygen supply strategies and microorganism oxygen supply strategies, aiming to improve the antitumor effect of photodynamic therapy. It provides new ideas and new approaches for further study of oxygen-enchancing nano-delivery system for photodynamic therapy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885674

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the variation characteristics and influencing factors of HIV/AIDS subtypes in Wuxi city of Jiangsu Province from 2014 to 2016.Methods:HIV/AIDS population in Wuxi city in 2014 was selected as the research object, and the HIV molecular epidemiology and follow-up study were carried out. Collect epidemiological information, extract DNA from blood samples, amplify pol gene fragment by nest-PCR and sequence, use ChromasPro 1.6 software and MEGA 7.0 software to construct the HIV-1 sequence database, and use FastTree2.1.10 software to construct the phylogenetic tree to confirm the subtype; in 2016, the same population was followed up, and the HIV subtype variation was analyzed, and the influencing factors of subtype variation were explored by multivariate logistic regression. Results:A total of 612 HIV/AIDS cases in 2014 and 2016 were collected. The age of the subjects was mainly 30 years old or above (85.46%, 523/612), and the proportion of people over 50 years old was higher (228/612, 37.25%). The main route of transmission was homosexuality, accounting for 49.67%. A total of 1224 samples were detected and CRF01 _ AE、CRF07_ BC、B、CRF08_ BC、CRF67_ 01B、CRF55_ 01B、CRF68_ 01B, 7 subtypes of HIV-1 and 5 unique recombinant types (URFs) was detected. CRF01_ AE and CRF07_ BC was still the main genotype in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, accounting for 66.75%. There were 29 cases (3.56%) of URFs recombinant strains. During 2014-2016, the variation rate of subtypes was 14.63%, and the most common variation was CRF01_ AE changes to CRF07_ BC(13.95%). Marital status (OR=0.363, 95% CI: 0.137-0.964) and baseline CD4 level (OR=0.414, 95% CI: 0.192-0.891) were associated with subtype variation.Conclusions:The HIV-1 subtypes of HIV/AIDS patients in Wuxi city are diverse and complex, the proportion of recombinant subtypes is rising, the URFs that are difficult to determine the genotype increase significantly, and the variation rate of HIV-1 subtypes among HIV/AIDS infected people is high. It is necessary to strengthen the monitoring of HIV-1 subtypes.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885662

ABSTRACT

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a double-stranded DNA virus that can infect skin and mucosal epithelial cells. It can establish latency in sensory neurons and sporadically reactivate from these cells. In order to reply to attacks of the host and evade the immunity surveillance during infection and reactivation, HSV has developed a multitude of clever strategies. Dendritic cells (DCs), one of the most important antigen-presenting cells (APC), can recognize pathogens at the infection sites and activate specific T cells, thus playing a crucial role in the host immunity against virus infection. This paper reviewed the mechanism of the host immunity against HSV, especially the role of DCs in HSV-induced immune responses and the future research perspective.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885065

ABSTRACT

Postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) can lead to adverse clinical outcomes in patients, such as prolonged hospital stay, increased medical costs, and severe economic burden on patients and on society.In addition, it may also cause nosocomial cross-infection.Therefore, it has aroused the high attention of medical workers.The development of SSI is closely related to a variety of factors, including patient factors, such as blood glucose levels, smoking, systemic use of steroids, obesity and malnutrition, and perioperative related factors, such as long preoperative hospital stay, preoperative skin preparation and prophylactic use of antibiotics of patients, hand hygiene and asepsis principles of medical staff, operation-related factors, anesthetic management and operation related factors, operating room environment factors and postoperative factors.Through reading a large number of relevant literatures published in recent years and according to the work characteristics of anesthesiologists, the author summarized the influential factors and preventive measures for postoperative SSI for the reference of fellow doctors.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression changes at the transcriptional level in normal lung tissues of mice after exposure to heavy ion radiation for different durations at different doses, aiming to provide evidence for exploring sensitive genes of heavy ion radiation, heavy ion radiation effect and the damage mechanism.Methods:Experiments on the temporal kinetics: the whole thorax of mice was irradiated with 14.5Gy carbon-ions and the total RNA of lung tissue was extracted at 3days, 7days, 3 weeks and 24 weeks. In dose-dependent experiment, the total RNA of lung tissue was extracted at 1 week after irradiated with a growing thoracic dose of 0, 7.5, 10.5, 12.5, 14.5, 17.5 and 20Gy. Protein-to-protein interaction (PPI) analysis and gene-ontology biological process enrichment analysis were performed on significant differentially expressed genes (DEGs).Results:A clearly differential expression patterns were observed at 3-day (acute stage), 1-week (subacute stage), 3-week (inflammatory stage) and 24-week (fibrosis stage) following 14.5Gy carbon-ions irradiation. Among those, the 3-day time point was found to be the mostly different from the other time points, whereas the 7-day time point had the highest uniformity with the other time points. Cellular apoptosis was the main type of cell death in normal lung tissues following carbon-ions exposure. The interactive genes of Phlda3, GDF15, Mgmt and Bax were identified as the radiosensitive genes, and Phlda3 was the center ( R=0.76, P<0.001). Conclusion:The findings in this study provide transcriptional insights into the biological mechanism underlying normal lung tissue toxicity induced by carbon-ions.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881081

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is regarded as the most common liver disease with no approved therapeutic drug currently. Silymarin, an extract from the seeds of Silybum marianum, has been used for centuries for the treatment of various liver diseases. Although the hepatoprotective effect of silybin against NAFLD is widely accepted, the underlying mechanism and therapeutic target remain unclear. In this study, NAFLD mice caused by methionine-choline deficient (MCD) diet were orally administrated with silybin to explore the possible mechanism and target. To clarify the contribution of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), PPARα antagonist GW6471 was co-administrated with silybin to NAFLD mice. Since silybin was proven as a PPARα partial agonist, the combined effect of silybin with PPARα agonist, fenofibrate, was then evaluated in NAFLD mice. Serum and liver samples were collected to analyze the pharmacological efficacy and expression of PPARα and its targets. As expected, silybin significantly protected mice from MCD-induced NAFLD. Furthermore, silybin reduced lipid accumulation via activating PPARα, inducing the expression of liver cytosolic fatty acid-binding protein, carnitine palmitoyltransferase (Cpt)-1a, Cpt-2, medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1, and suppressing fatty acid synthase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase α. GW6471 abolished the effect of silybin on PPARα signal and hepatoprotective effect against NAFLD. Moreover, as a partial agonist for PPARα, silybin impaired the powerful lipid-lowering effect of fenofibrate when used together. Taken together, silybin protected mice against NAFLD via activating PPARα to diminish lipid accumulation and it is not suggested to simultaneously take silybin and classical PPARα agonists for NAFLD therapy.

14.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 158-166, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881000

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study tests whether long-term intake of Allium tuberosum (AT) can alleviate pulmonary inflammation in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthmatic mice and evaluates its effect on the intestinal microbiota and innate lymphoid cells (ILCs).@*METHODS@#BALB/c mice were divided into three groups: phosphate buffer saline, OVA and OVA + AT. The asthmatic murine model was established by sensitization and challenge of OVA in the OVA and OVA + AT groups. AT was given to the OVA + AT group by oral gavage from day 0 to day 27. On day 28, mice were sacrificed. Histopathological evaluation of lung tissue was performed using hematoxylin and eosin, and periodic acid-Schiff staining. The levels of IgE in serum, interleukin-5 (IL-5) and IL-13 from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The ILCs from the lung and gut were detected by flow cytometry. 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing was used to analyze the differences in colon microbiota among treatment groups.@*RESULTS@#We found that long-term intake of AT decreased the number of inflammatory cells from BALF, reduced the levels of IL-5 and IL-13 in BALF, and IgE level in serum, and rescued pulmonary histopathology with less mucus secretion in asthmatic mice. 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing results showed that AT strongly affected the colonic bacteria community structure in asthmatic mice, although it had no significant effect on the abundance and diversity of the microbiota. Ruminococcaceae and Desulfovibrionaceae were identified as two biomarkers of the treatment effect of AT. Moreover, AT decreased the numbers of ILCs in both the lung and gut of asthmatic mice.@*CONCLUSION@#The results indicate that AT inhibits pulmonary inflammation, possibly by impeding the activation of ILCs and adjusting the homeostasis of gut microbiota in asthmatic mice.

15.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 211-214, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879726

ABSTRACT

We performed this study to evaluate the clinical outcomes of microdissection testicular sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (micro-TESE-ICSI) treatment that used fresh or cryopreserved sperm in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). A total of 338 NOA patients with 344 consecutive cycles received treatment in the reproductive medicine center of Peking University Third Hospital in Beijing, China, from January 2014 to December 2017. Fresh oocytes and fresh sperm were used in 222 patients with 234 cycles (Group A). Fresh oocytes and cryopreserved sperm were used in 116 patients with 110 cycles (Group B). We compared patient characteristics, embryonic development, and pregnancy outcomes between Groups A and B. There was no statistical difference in the patient characteristics, and no differences were observed with fertilization or quality embryo rates between Groups A and B. The rates of clinical pregnancy and live birth were both higher for Group A than those for Group B (both P < 0.05). In conclusion, fresh testicular sperm appears to produce better ICSI outcomes than cryopreserved testicular sperm in patients with NOA.

16.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 59-63, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879704

ABSTRACT

The aim of our study was to compare the sperm retrieval rates (SRRs) and clinical outcomes of patients with different causes of azoospermia who underwent microdissection testicular sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (micro-TESE-ICSI). We conducted a retrospective study at the Reproductive Medicine Center of Peking University Third Hospital in Beijing, China, from January 2014 to December 2017. This study examined 769 patients with nonobstructive azoospermia who underwent 347 cycles of micro-TESE-ICSI. Patients with azoospermia were classified into Group A (Klinefelter syndrome, n = 284, 125 cycles), Group B (azoospermia Y chromosome factor c [AZFc] microdeletion, n = 91, 64 cycles), Group C (cryptorchidism, n = 52, 39 cycles), Group D (previous mumps and bilateral orchitis, n = 23, 23 cycles), and Group E (idiopathic azoospermia, n = 319, 96 cycles). Clinical characteristics, SRR, embryonic development, and pregnancy outcomes of the patients were compared between all groups. Patients in Group D had the highest and most successful SRR. The average SRR for all patients was 46.0%. The rates of clinical pregnancy, implantation, and live birth in Group D were 78.3%, 65.0%, and 74.0%, respectively, which were higher than those in all other groups (P 0.05). Patients with orchitis had the highest SRR and best clinical outcomes. Although AZFc microdeletion patients had a higher SRR, their clinical outcomes were worse.

17.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 585-590, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of anaplastic lymphoma kinase-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (ALK-TKI) in treatment of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT).Methods:The clinicopathological data of one recurrent abdominal IMT patient in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University in 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinicopathological and molecular characteristics, ALK-TKI treatment efficacy and prognosis of 41 patients with IMT reported in the literature from January 2010 to August 2020 were systematically reviewed.Results:This patient with abdominal IMT in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University was a 27-year-old female who relapsed 2 months after surgery. Chemotherapy combined with bevacizumab was ineffective. After oral administration of crizotinib, the condition resolved after 1 month, and complete remission (CR) was achieved after 29 months. The median age of onset of 41 IMT cases reported in the literature was 22 years old (0-61 years old), of which 32 cases (78.0%) had multiple organ involvement, all of which had recurrence or metastasis. There were 38 cases of ALK mutation and 3 cases of TFG-ROS1 fusion gene-positive. Thirty-four patients treated with crizotinib in the first-line treatment of ALK-TKI, and the median resistance time of crizotinib was 8 months (2-48 months). The total clinical benefit rate of ALK-TKI was 85.3% (29/34), and 20 patients achieved CR. The median time for the first CR was 11 months (4-36 months), and the median duration time of medication for CR patients was 19.5 months (2-60 months). The median progression-free survival (PFS) time of 24 patients who underwent surgery and/or chemotherapy and radiotherapy was 4 months (1-45 months); after progression, ALK-TKI treatment was performed, and the median PFS time was 14 months (3-62 months).Conclusions:IMT is a true neoplasm with characteristics of recurrence and metastasis. Reasonable combination of ALK-TKI with surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy can improve the prognosis of IMT patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942204

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To describe the thyroid function abnormality of first-trimester twin pregnant women according to different references, and to explore its association with preterm delivery.@*METHODS@#Participants, first-trimester twin pregnant women, were recruited at Peking University Third Hospital from March 2017 to February 2020. The thyroid hormone reference for ordinary adults identified on the assay kits by Siemens incorporation, thyroid hormone reference specifically for singleton pregnancy established previously, and thyroid hormone reference specifically for twin pregnancy established previously were used in the description of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism for first-trimester twin pregnant women. Thyroid autoantibody reference identified on the assay kits by Siemens incorporation was used in the description of positive thyroid autoantibody. Multivariable log-binomial regression was conducted to examine the association between thyroid function and preterm delivery, in which normal pregnant women according to the three references and normal pregnant women according to twin pregnancy reference accompanied with negative thyroid autoantibody were taken as control respectively.@*RESULTS@#A total of 570 twin pregnant women were finally included. Rates of hypothyroidism according to the three references were 1.2%, 1.6% and 3.5%, respectively. Rates of hyperthyroidism according to the three references were 32.6%, 18.1% and 1.1%, respectively. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, risk of preterm delivery significantly increased in pregnant women with hyperthyroidism according to the twin specific pregnancy reference [adjusted relative risk (ARR)=1.41, 95%CI: 1.14-1.75], while no significant increase was found in those with normal thyroid function according to the twin specific pregnancy reference but hyperthyroidism according to the singleton specific pregnancy reference (ARR=1.00, 95%CI: 0.81-1.25) and in those with hyperthyroidism purely according to the ordinary adult reference (ARR=1.06, 95%CI: 0.85-1.32), compared with those normal according to all the references. Risks of preterm delivery almost significantly or significantly increased in pregnant women with hypothyroidism according to the ordinary adult or singleton specific pregnancy reference (ARR=1.40, 95%CI: 0.88-2.22) and those with hypothyroidism according to the twin specific pregnancy reference (ARR=1.53, 95%CI: 1.03-2.28). Overall analysis of thyroid function according to the twin specific pregnancy reference and thyroid autoantibody showed that risks of preterm delivery almost significantly or significantly increased in pregnant women with simple hypothyroidism (ARR=1.46, 95%CI: 0.93-2.27), simple positive thyroid autoantibody (ARR=1.32, 95%CI: 1.15-1.52), and hypothyroidism accompanied with positive thyroid autoantibody (ARR=1.78, 95%CI: 1.30-2.44), compared with those normal according to the twin specific pregnancy reference with negative thyroid autoantibody.@*CONCLUSION@#The ordinary adult reference and that of singleton pregnancy may lead to under-diagnosis of hypothyroidism and over-diagnosis of hyperthyroidism in first-trimester twin pregnant women. Compared with pregnant women with normal thyroid function, those missed in the diagnosis of hypothyroidism were at a higher risk of preterm delivery, while those over-diagnosed as hyperthyroidism had a similar risk of preterm delivery, indicating a need to develop and generalize twin-pregnancy-specific reference on common indicators of thyroid function. Moreover, the thyroid autoantibody should be taken into consideration in the prenatal diagnosis and treatment to twin pregnant women with hypothyroidism.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Hypothyroidism/epidemiology , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Pregnant Women , Premature Birth/epidemiology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872773

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the serum pharmacochemistry of Aurantii Fructus (AF), and to investigate the pharmacological material basis of AF extract in rats. Method:Rapid identification and speculation of the prototype constituents and their metabolites in vivo were carried out according to the relative retention time, accurate relative molecular mass, cleavage fragments of MS/MS and neutral loss of metabolites with ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS) technique by comparing the differences between different samples such as AF extracts, blank plasma, and administered plasma under the same chromatographic and mass spectrometric conditions. Result:After oral administration of the AF extract, 74 transitional constituents absorbed into the blood were detected in serum, in which 49 compounds were prototype constituents and the other 25 were metabolites. The prototype constituents could be divided into dihydroflavones, polymethoxyflavonoids, limonins, coumarins and alkaloids. The identified metabolites included glucuronic acid conjugates, sulfuric acid conjugates, hydroxylated products of flavonoid glycosides and polymethoxyflavonoids, as well as the simultaneous glucuronidation and sulfation products. Conclusion:The constituents absorbed into the blood and their metabolites may be the pharmacodynamic components of AF. Among them, alkaloids, polymethoxyflavonoids and coumarins are mainly introduced into the blood in the prototype form, while naringin and neohesperidin (the index components) exert effect mainly through hydrolysis into aglycones. This work will help to further elucidate the material basis of AF.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869962

ABSTRACT

This paper makes a comparative analysis on the research design types used in the original articles which were published in anesthesiology academic journals sponsored by the American Society of anesthesiologists, the International Anesthesiology Research Society and the Chinese Medical Association.It is suggested that clinical research on anesthesiology should be paid more attention in China.In terms of the theoretical strength of causal inference, randomized controlled trial (RCT) is the best type of research design.However, researchers should fully understand the key elements of the design and implementation of RCT and the advantages and disadvantages, as well as the international requirements for the transparency of RCT.Otherwise, RCT could not be applied rationally in the field of Anesthesiology.In addition, Anesthesiology and Anesthesia and Analgesia published more articles based on cohort studies than Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology, calling on Chinese anesthesiology peers to pay more attention to the cohort study, so as to lay a robust foundation for high-quality and systematic clinical research.Considering the reality of Anesthesiology in China, as well as being familiar with the basic principles of different research design types will help the anesthesiologists to attach equal importance to clinical and basic researches, to initiate high-quality observational researches, and to improve the quality of RCT, so as to produce more reliable research evidences, improve clinical practice ability, and effectively promote the development of anesthesiology.

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