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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 98-104, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935356

ABSTRACT

This paper summaries the Risk of Bias in Non-randomized Studies-of Environmental Exposure (ROBINS-E), a tool for evaluating risk of bias about non-randomized studies of exposures (NRSE), and introduces the application of ROBINS-E in a published NRSE. According to the characteristics of NRSE, evaluation fields and signaling questions were designed in ROBINS-E to provide essential information about risk of bias for NRSE included in systematic reviews and GRADE. ROBINS-E is the tool in assessment of risk of bias in observational studies and quasi-randomized studies. Although the tool has been used in practice to some extent, but it still needs further improvement. Attention should be paid to its update and progress.


Subject(s)
Bias , Environmental Exposure , Humans , Systematic Reviews as Topic
2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 232-236, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930001

ABSTRACT

Liver transplantation is one of the best approaches for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. The concept of transplant oncology could shed light on the whole process management of hepatocellular carcinoma patients. The success rate of operation and perioperative safety were the major concerns in the past, whereas the focus of treatment is gradually shifting to cancer treatment and improving patient survival and quality of life, with the promotion of neoadjuvant and postoperative adjuvant therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma. The prognosis of different group of patients might be heterogeneous. Therefore, refined stratification should be carried out for heterogeneous patients before and after liver transplantation to achieve the best prognosis. The present study classified patients for three clusters: primary hepatocellular carcinoma patients within the transplant criteria, hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence after liver resection, and patients after down-staging or neoadjuvant therapy. Fine stratified management are essential for the whole process management in the new era of transplant oncology.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922767

ABSTRACT

The fruits of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. are known to have a plenty of medicinal properties, such as anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, and immunosuppressive activity. Our previous study found that the phloroglucinol-sesquiterpene adducts in the fruits of E. globulus were immunosuppressive active constituents, especially Eucalyptin C (EuC). Phosphoinositide 3-kinases-γ (PI3Kγ) plays a pivotal role in T cell mediated excessive immune responses. In this study, EuC was first discovered to be a novel selective PI3Kγ inhibitor with an IC


Subject(s)
Animals , Eucalyptus , Flavonoids , Fruit , Mice , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phosphoinositide-3 Kinase Inhibitors
4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 473-480, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909893

ABSTRACT

Fracture healing is a complex biological process. After a fracture, a hematoma will first form at the injured site, and immune cells and inflammatory factors will quickly reach the fracture site to facilitate the repair and reconstruction of bone tissue. Immune cells and inflammatory factors are an important part of the body's immune system, and the immune system plays a key role in removing necrotic tissue and maintaining the homeostasis of the body's environment. Proper immune regulation after a fracture is beneficial to fracture healing; if immune regulation is improper, the fracture site will gradually develop into a chronic inflammatory state, which may impair healing. The authors summarize the mechanism of action of the innate immune system and adaptive immune system in fracture healing, as well as the research progress of therapeutic drugs that affect the state of the immune system and thus affect the healing of fractures, so as to deepen the understanding of the immune system affecting bone regeneration and provide new ideas for clinical treatment of fracture.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 842-847, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the intervention effect of ventricular zone expressed PH domain-containing 1 (VEPH1) on epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) and proliferation of human cutaneous melanoma (CM) cells based onthe transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathway.Methods:The melanoma cells were cultured in vitro. After transfecting the melanoma cells with overexpression or interference plasmids of VEPH1 or TGF-β overexpression plasmids, or treating the cells with SB-431542 (TGF-β pathway inhibitor), we detected the expression of genes and proteins relevant to VEPH1, TGF-β, and EMT by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot to observe the effect of these proteins on CM cell proliferation. Results:qRT-PCR results showed that the expression of VEPH1 in melanoma cells (B16-BL6, B16 and A375 cells) was significantly lower than that in HaCaT cells, and the lowest expression was found in A375 cells, so A375 cells were selected for follow-up experiments. After transfection with VEPH1 overexpression plasmid or SB-431542, the mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin in A375 cells were significantly increased, the mRNA and protein expressions of TGF-β, Smad4, N-cadherin and vimentin were significantly decreased, and the cell proliferation was significantly decreased ( P<0.05). Compared with the VEPH1 vector group, the expression of TGF-β, Smad4 and N-cadherin in the VEPH1 vector+ SB-431542 group was significantly reduced ( P<0.05); the expression of E-cadherin was increased, and the cell proliferation was also significantly decreased ( P<0.05). The expression of TGF-β, Smad4, N-cadherin and vimentin were increased after co-transfection with VEPH1 vector, while the expression of E-cadherin was decreased, and the cell proliferation was also enhanced ( P<0.05). The expression of VEPH1 in A375 cells was significantly decreased after transfection with si-VEPH1 plasmid, while that in SB-431542 and TGF-β vector group was not significantly decreased. Conclusions:VEPH1 can inhibit human CM cells by the intervention on TGF-β signaling pathway. This study reveals the potential of VEPH1 as a diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic target for CM.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906307

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a new fast and accurate method for identifying the authenticity and specifications of Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus based on electronic nose technology, and to discuss the feasibility of this technology in the identification of decoction pieces. Method:Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus was used as the research object, 80 batches of samples to be tested were collected, and the olfactory sensory data of the electronic nose were taken as independent variables (<italic>X</italic>), the results of the method contained in the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> were taken as the focus, and the traditional empirical identification results were used as benchmarking information (<italic>Y</italic>). Four chemometric methods, including discriminant analysis (DA), least square support vector machine (LS-SVM), principal component analysis-DA (PCA-DA) and partial least squares-DA (PLS-DA), were used to establish the identification model [<italic>Y</italic>=<italic>F</italic>(<italic>X</italic>)] of authenticity and commodity specifications of Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus, respectively. Wherein, the identification accuracy and time-consuming was taken as indicators to discuss the results. Result:After cross-verification by leave-one-out method, the correct rates of the above four models were 93.75%, 91.25%, 95.00% and 95.00%, respectively, and the PCA-DA and PLS-DA identification models were the best in terms of authenticity identification. In specification identification, the correct rates of these four models were 86.67%, 88.00%, 89.33% and 68.00%, respectively, and the PCA-DA identification model was the best. The electronic nose had a high accuracy in the identification of authenticity and specification model, and the time consuming was relatively short. Conclusion:Electronic nose technology can identify Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus accurately and quickly, and has significant advantages in terms of timeliness and correct judgment rate.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 48-53, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884957

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences of psychological condition of erectile dysfunction (ED) patients in different age groups.Methods:The emotion, personality and interpersonal relationship outpatients with ED were evaluated by the method of Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). A retrospective analysis was conducted and a total of 401 ED patients (aged 20-60) were divided into 4 groups [20-29(n=158), 30-39(n=182), 40-49(n=38), 50-60 (n=23)years old] from July 2018 to July 2019. The erectile function of the patients was evaluated by the international erectile function scale (IIEF-5). The symptoms of hostility, anxiety, psychotic, horrible, paranoid, obsession, somatization, interpersonal relationship and depression were evaluated by SCL-90. Furthermore, STAI was used to distinguish whether the patients had state or trait anxiety. Then EPQ was used to analyze the personality types of patients. The differences of SCL-90, STAI and EPQ between the patients and the national norm group were analyzed by the two sample t-test. The variance analysis was conducted to compare the score differences of scales among different age groups of ED patients. The chi square test was conducted to compare the distribution differences of personality types among different age groups. Results:The scores of hostility(1.64±0.67, t=4.81, P<0.001), anxiety(1.58±0.66, t=6.83, P<0.001), psychotic(1.62±0.68, t=11.87, P<0.001), paranoid(1.55±0.66, t=3.58, P=0.0004), obsession(1.95±0.70, t=9.56, P<0.001), somatization(1.43±0.58, t=2.10, P=0.036), interpersonal relationship(1.74±0.74, t=2.79, P=0.005), depression (1.66±0.74, t=4.50, P<0.001)and the total scores (1.53±0.63, t=3.07, P=0.002)of SCL-90 in the patient group were significantly higher than those of the national norm group, and there were significant differences in the scores of interpersonal relationship among different age groups(1.72±0.78, 1.65±0.69, 1.58±0.92, 1.43±0.59, F=2.84, P=0.038). The scores of state anxiety( t=7.35, P<0.001), trait anxiety ( t=6.31, P<0.001)and the total scores ( t=8.41, P<0.001)of STAI in the patient group were significantly higher than those of the national norm, and there were significant differences in the scores of state anxiety( F=5.29, P=0.001), trait anxiety ( F=5.54, P<0.001)and total scores ( F=5.66, P<0.001)among different age groups. There were significant increases in the scores of psychoticism( t=30.56, P<0.001), emotion( t=45.94, P<0.001), extraversion and introversion( t=11.72, P<0.001), concealment factors ( t=29.16, P<0.001)and total scores ( t=30.56, P<0.001)in the patient group. The proportion of depressive personality was highest in the ED patients(n=183; 45.64%), but there was no significant difference in the distribution of personality types among different age groups[20-29(depressive, choleric, mucinous and sanguine): 76, 35, 26, 21; 30-39: 87, 40, 32, 23; 40-49: 14, 10, 6, 8; 50-60: 6, 9, 2, 6; χ 2=10.65, P=0.30]. Conclusions:ED patients have a series of abnormal emotions, somatized discomfort, sensitive interpersonal relationships, introverted and unstable emotionally personality characteristics. In addition, the younger the patients are, the more serious their anxiety are, the more sensitive their interpersonal relationships are, which may be related to their introverted personality characteristics and emotional instability.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 166-169, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867217

ABSTRACT

At present,the prevention and control of the COVID-19 is still severe,its pathogen SARS-CoV-2 is highly infectious and pathogenic,and the population is generally susceptible.Thus,it requires a higher standard to diagnose and treat patients with acute abdomen.The first step is to carry out procedures to identify whether the patient is infected or not.Those who are not infected can go through the normal treating procedures.For patients diagnosed with COVID-19 or suspected patients,the second step is to achieve classified diagnoses and treatments,and to adopt a treating plan that integrates TCM and western medicine.In order to protect patients and medical staff,the COVID-19 in hospital transmission must be avoided.For patients with COVID-19 who need emergency surgery,we must strictly comply with the hospital 's protection regulations,closely coordinate the relevant departments of surgery,perform the three-level protection,operate in accordance with the principle of damage control in the negative pressure surgery room,and return to the isolation ward according to the prevention and control process after operation.For units without surgical conditions,patients should be transferred to hospital in time on the premise of maximum damage control,and patients must not be delayed for timely diagnosis and treatment due to the epidemic.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 958-966, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821695

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia-activated prodrugs that specifically target tumor tissues were designed by attaching the nitro-aromatic ring carrier molecules that can be degraded in the hypoxic microenvironment of the tumor to the hydroxyamidine group of IDO1 inhibitor compound B and epacadostat. Eleven prodrug compounds were synthesized and their structures were confirmed by 1H NMR and HR-MS. Compounds F-1 and F-6, which had a higher stability and drug release rate, were identified by an in vitro stability assay, nitroreductase reduction assay, MTT assay, and an in vivo tumor tissue hypoxia degradation assay, and then evaluated for anti-tumor efficacy in vivo. The results showed that prodrug F-1 inhibited tumor growth by 67.41%, which was significantly higher than 42.31% for the starting drug group. It appeared that the inhibition of IDO1 in the tumor tissue was different from the overall inhibition of IDO1 in vivo. Animal treatment procedures were carried out with the approval of the Animal Care and Use Committee of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843186

ABSTRACT

Objective • To investigate the influence of smoking on acute myocardial injury and long-term prognosis in the patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infraction (STEMI) by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Methods • Three hundred and forty-nine STEMI patients were retrospectively selected from a prospective cohort from May 2012 to August 2017, and were followed up for at least 2 years. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, reinfarction and stroke. The secondary endpoint was heart failure rehospitalization. The patients were divided into smoker group and non-smoker group according to the baseline status of smoking which was recorded at admission. The difference in the incidence of endpoint events was further analyzed in combination with the presence or absence of intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH) between the two groups. Results • There were 221 patients in the smoker group, accounting for 63.3% of the total sample. The average age of onset in smokers were 4.66 years earlier than nonsmokers. However, smokers showed a lower incidence of left ventricular thrombosis and lower levels of brain natriuretic peptide than non-smokers (P=0.023, P=0.000). There was no difference in the left ventricular ejection fraction between the two groups (P>0.05), but the smokers had a better endsystolic and end-diastolic volume index (P=0.019, P=0.007). Smokers and non-smokers had similar clinical outcomes of all-cause death, reinfarction and stroke (P>0.05). The incidence of heart failure rehospitalization in smokers was quite lower than that of the non-smokers, but this kind of protective effect disappeared after differences in baseline being adjusted (P=0.167). In the patients with IMH, smoking had a protective effect on primary endpoints (HR=0.266, P=0.008), but in the patients without IMH, smokers had a worse outcome of all-cause death and reinfarction than non-smokers (P=0.024). Conclusion • In patients with STEMI, smoking has no protective effect on long-term prognosis. When IMH appears in STEMI patients, smoking has a protective effect on all-cause death, reinfarction and stoke. However, in patients without IMH, smokers have a worse prognosis than non-smokers.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828427

ABSTRACT

The quality of traditional Chinese medicine tablets is correlated with clinical efficacy and drug safety, and plays a great role in promoting the development of traditional Chinese medicine. However, the existing traditional artificial identification and modern instrument detection in terms of accuracy and timeliness have both advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, how to quickly and accurately identify the quality of traditional Chinese medicine tablets has become a high-profile issue. The purpose of this paper is to explore the feasibility of the application of electronic eye technology in the study of rapid identification of traditional Chinese medicine quality. A total of 80 batches of samples were collected and tested by Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus for traditional empirical identification(M_1) and modern pharmacopeia(M_2). The optical data was collected from electronic eyes, and the chemical metrology was used to establish suitable discrimination models(M_3). Four authenticity and commodity specification models, namely identification analysis(DA), minimum bidirectional support vector machine(LS-SVM), partial minimum two-multiplier analysis(PLS-DA), main component analysis identification analysis(PCA-DA), were established, respectively. The accuracies of the authenticity identification models were 82.5%, 90.0%, 96.2% and 93.8%, while the accuracies of the commodity specification identification models were 89.3%, 96.0%, 90.7% and 97.3%, respectively. The models were well judged, the authenticity identification was based on the final identification model of PLS-DA, and the commodity specification was based on the final identification model of PCA-DA. There was no significant difference between its accuracy and M_1, and the time of determination was much shorter than M_2(P<0.01). Therefore, electronic-eye technology could be used for the rapid identification of the quality of Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fritillaria , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Technology
12.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 351-359, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826977

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Circulating tumor cells (CTC) play an important role in the screening and prognosis of lung cancer, but the low efficiency and specificity of CTC isolation obviously restrict its clinical application. The purpose of this study is to explore a new and efficient isolation method of CTC in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in order to achieve the purpose of early diagnosis of NSCLC.@*METHODS@#Three kinds of immunolipid magnetic spheres of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), vimentin and folic acid (FA) were prepared by thin film method. After characterization, the sorting scheme of cell line was explored, the optimal sorting scheme of NSCLC CTC was constructed, and its clinical application value was studied.@*RESULTS@#The average capture efficiency of EGFR, Vimentin and FA magnetic spheres used alone and in combination to lung cancer cell lines was 78%, 79%, 82% and 91%, respectively. In 60 patients with lung cancer, using 2 CTC per 7.5 mL blood as cutoff value, the positive rates of EGFR, Vimentin and FA magnets used alone and in combination were 65.0%, 33.3%, 93.3% and 100%, respectively. It was also found that the number of CTC detected by combined use of the three magnetic spheres was correlated with clinical stages (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combination of three kinds of magnetic spheres can separate EGFR+, Vimentin+, FA+ expressed CTC, which is beneficial to the downstream analysis of CTC correlation. This study provides a new method to improve the efficiency of NSCLC CTC capture, and verifies that the captured CTC counting method can be used in the auxiliary diagnosis of lung cancer.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): E001-E001, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811714

ABSTRACT

At present, the prevention and control of the COVID-19 is still severe, its pathogen SARS-CoV-2 is highly infectious and pathogenic, and the population is generally susceptible. In order to deal with the epidemic, selective operation can be postponed, but most of the patients with acute abdominal diseases are commonly in clinic, with acute onset and severe condition, and most of them are accompanied with fever and gastrointestinal symptoms, so emergency operation is needed.Under the condition of the current epidemic—COVID-19, it requires a higher standard to diagnose and treat patients with acute abdomen. The first step is to carry out procedures to identify whether the patient is infected or not. Those who are not infected can go through the normal treating procedures.For patients diagnosed with COVID-19 or suspected patients, the second step is to achieve classified diagnoses and treatments, and to adopt a treating plan that integrates TCM and western medicine.In order to protect patients and medical staff, the COVID-19 in hospital transmission must be avoided. For patients with COVID-19 who need emergency surgery, we must strictly comply with the hospital's protection regulations, closely coordinate the relevant departments of surgery, perform the three-level protection, operate in accordance with the principle of damage control in the negative pressure surgery room, and return to the isolation ward according to the prevention and control process after operation. For units without surgical conditions, patients should be transferred to hospital in time on the premise of maximum damage control, and patients must not be delayed for timely diagnosis and treatment due to the epidemic.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805674

ABSTRACT

In the past two decades,the United States made an impressed progress in the prevention and control of cancer that the overall morbidity and mortality of cancer had shown a downward trend, while China had seen an opposite trend. Cancer, one of the major public health concerns in China, has imposed an enormous burden onthe society and individuals. Therefore,in order to scientifically formulate cancer prevention and control policies, it is essential to make a comprehensive understanding of the practical experience in the field of cancer prevention and control from the United States. This article reviews the relevant literature on cancer trends as well as the prevention and control strategies in the United States,depictsthe cancer epidemic situation in the United States in the past 30 years, and summarizes the influencing factors, strategies and intervention experiences that lead to the improvement of cancer epidemic. It highlights the policy support, surveillance and intervention adopted by the United States for the cancer prevention and control. This article is expected to provide some implications and reference for the cancer prevention and control in China.

15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 460-465, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805541

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the risk factors of cervical anastomotic leakage after thoracoscopic-lapacoscopic esophagectomy.@*Methods@#530 patients with esophageal cancer underwent thoracoscopic-lapacoscopic esophagectomy at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from Jan 2011 to Dec 2015. The demographic, surgical and clinical data of patients were retrospectively analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate risk factors of cervical anastomotic leakage in these patients.@*Results@#A total of 530 patients undergoing thoracoscopic-lapacoscopic esophagectomy were enrolled in this study. There were 421 males and 109 females. The mean age was (59.40±8.08) years old, and 91 patients with cervical anastomotic leakage. Sigle factor analysis revealed that the risk grading by American Society of Aneshesiologists, previous history of chest surgery, respiratory comorbidity, diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide of the lung, operation time, anastomosis, average days of postoperative hospitalization, death within 30 days after surgery, respiratory complications, pleural effusion or empyema, and poor healing of the incision were statistically associated with cervical anastomotic leakage (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that previous history of chest surgery, hepatic insufficiency, manual anastomosis, prolonged postoperative hospitalization, and poor healing of the incision were independent risk factors for cervical anastomotic leakage after thoracoscopic-lapacoscopic esophagectomy (all P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Previous history of chest surgery, hepatic insufficiency, poor healing of the incision, manual anastomosis and prolonged postoperative hospitalization were significantly associated with cervical anastomotic leakage after thoracoscopic-lapacoscopic esophagectomy. It′s important to strengthen perioperative nursing and surgical techniques to prevent anastomotic leakage after thoracoscopic-lapacoscopic esophagectomy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791839

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility and safety of kidney transplantation for pre-sensitized infants using deceased donors and summarize the relevant literature reports .Methods A second kidney transplantation was successfully performed for an 8-month-old pre-sensitized girl in July 2017 .She had a low level of donor specific antibody (DSA ) against human leucocyte antigen (HLA ) B62 due to severe acute rejection (AR) after her first kidney transplantation .For desensitization , plasmapheresis and intravenous immunoglobulin plus anti-CD20 antibodies were offered on operative day .Clinical data and outcomes were retrospectively analyzed .Results Renal graft regained immediate function after transplantation .Preformed DSA could be detected at 1 week .However ,there was no de novo DSA .At 1 year post-transplantation ,preformed DSA turned negative .During a follow-up period of 2 years ,renal graft showed an excellent function with a serum creatinine of 31 μmol/l and eGFR of 110 ml/min/1 .73m2 .No AR episode or proteinuria occurred .DSA stayed negative .Simultaneously physical development also caught up .Her height of 93 cm tall and weight of 13 .5 kg at month 24 & 8 months corresponded to normal grow th curve of her age .Conclusions Pre-sensitized infant could tolerate desensitization therapy well and achieve satisfactory outcomes .With surgical precisions and optimized managements ,kidney transplantation provides excellent renal functions and survivals for infants with organs from deceased donors .

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the caries status of the first permanent molars in urban and rural children aged 10-
12 in Chongqing and analyze the related factors in order to provide a theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of children's caries and targeted suggestions for oral health education.@*METHODS@#A multi-stage, stratified, cluster, and random sampling method was used to extract 5 057 children from 18 schools in three districts and three counties in Chongqing for oral health examination and questionnaire survey from March to May 2018.@*RESULTS@#The total caries rate of the first permanent molar was 39.2%. The decayed-missing-filled tooth was 0.84±1.20. The rate of filling teeth was 3.4%. The rate of pit and fissure sealing was 6.1%. The prevalence of the first permanent molars was significantly different between men and women, between urban and rural areas, between only children and non-only children, and between ethnic minorities and Han nationality (P<0.001). The gap between the pit and fissure sealing was significantly different between urban and rural areas (P<
0.001). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that many independent factors influence the occurrence of caries, including the frequency of brushing teeth every day, the frequency of eating desserts, the habit of eating dessert/drinking milk before going to bed, whether only-children or not, and parents' education background, among others.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The first permanent molars of children aged 10-12 in Chongqing have a high rate of caries but low rates of pit and fissure sealing and dental caries filling. The difference between urban and rural areas is large, children's oral health knowledge is scarce, and children have bad oral hygiene behaviors and eating habits. Children's oral health education must be strengthened, oral health preaching must be implemented in schools, the oral health knowledge of children in school must be improved, and urban-rural differences must be minimized.


Subject(s)
Child , DMF Index , Dental Caries , Female , Humans , Male , Oral Health , Oral Hygiene , Prevalence , Students
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755941

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of tigecycline plus prolonged high-dose meropenem infusion in the prevention and treatment of early carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) infection after renal transplantation .Methods From January 2016 to December 2018 ,clinical data were retrospectively analyzed for 13 renal transplant recipients with graft-carried CRKP .The relevant clinical data included treatments and outcomes of grafts and recipients .KPC-2 gene was the only resistance gene detectable in all isolates of CRKP . Among 13 CRKP positive recipients ,there were positive cultures of graft preservation solution ,recipient blood & urine (n=1) , positive cultures of graft preservation solution & urine (n=1) ,positive cultures of graft preservation solutions & peri-graft drainage (n=3) ,continuous positive cultures of peri-graft drainage more than twice (n= 3) and positive culture of graft preservation solution (n= 5).All patients received tigecycline plus prolonged high-dose meropenem infusion-based antibiotics .Results Five patients with CRKP positive in preservation solution were successfully prevented from infection after a treatment period of (12 .4 ± 2 .1)days .Among another 8 cases ,additional topical medications (n= 3) and surgical debridement (n= 1) were used .It took a median time of 16 (7~60) days until a negative culture and the total antibiotic treatment course was 20 (10~93) days .The average hospitalization duration was (50 ± 35) days .During a median follow-up period of 25 (6~28) months ,there was no onset of renal arterial rupture ,graft nephrectomy or death .The survival rate was 100% for recipients and 92 .3% for grafts .Conclusions For post-transplant infections due to graft-carried KPC-2 producing CRKP ,rapid diagnostics and tigecycline plus prolonged high-dose meropenem infusion may optimize clinical outcomes by decreasing the rate of graft nephrectomy and the recipient mortality .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755901

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility and safety of kidney transplantation in highly sensitized recipients by using ABO incompatible (ABOi) and yet human leucocyte antigen (HLA) supremely matched deceased donor kidneys and summarize the literatures as well .Methods A kidney graft from a deceased donor of blood type B was transplanted to a highly presensitized recipient of blood type O to achieve a HLA matching number of 7 /8 in May 2018 .Donor specific antibody (DSA) against HLA was negative and baseline anti-B IgM 1 : 16 . Plasmapheresis (PP) plus intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) plus anti-CD20 antibodies were offered on operation day .Clinical data was retrospectively analyzed .Results Renal graft functioned immediately and achieved a normal level of serum creatinine (SCr) at d2 after transplantation .However ,the value of SCr increased to 131 μmol/ l at d9 with a simultaneously elevated level of anti-B IgM from 1:2 at d7 to 1:16 .A renal graft biopsy at d11 showed mild inflammation in peritubular capillaries and focal tubulitis with minimal interstitial infiltration .No de novo DSA was detected .Then PP plus IVIG were then given twice ,followed by an administration of IVIG alone for another 2 days (20 g/d) .After treatments ,SCr had a range of 120- 140 μmol/l and anti-B IgM level decreased to 1:4 at d21 post-transplantation .During a follow-up of 6 months ,there was no onset of proteinuria or infection and the last value of SCr was 114 μmol/L . Conclusions In HLA highly sensitized recipients awaiting for transplant opportunities , successful prevention of HLA antibodies-mediated rejection may be achieved by using ABO incompatible and yet HLA compatible deceased donors .

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745489

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography(TCD)for assessing the cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR)in obstructive sleep apneahypopnea syndrome (OSAHS)patients.Methods Sixty OSAHS outpatients and inpatients admitted to our neurology department from August 2015to December 2016served as an OSAHS group,then further divided into mild group(n=15),moderate group(n=27)and severe group(n=18)according to apneahypopnea index(AHI).Meanwhile,20healthy individuals served as a control group.They underwent TCD on admission to detect their CVR,including the average velocity of cerebral artery blood flow(Vm)during calm breathing and after breath holding.The breath holding index(BHI) was calculed.The relationship between BHI and CVR was analized by pearson linear correlation analysis. Results There was no statistically significant difference in Vm during calm breathing between the OSAHS and control groups(73.64±9.87cm/s vs 72.79±8.68cm/s,P>0.05).Both of Vm after breath holding and BHI of the OSAHS group were lower than those of the control group(88.63±6.65cm/s vs 93.26±7.12cm/s,0.71±0.16 vs 0.93±0.37,P<0.01).Both of Vm after breath holding and BHI of the mild group were the highest,while the severe group had the lowest values and the moderate group was in between(P<0.05).No significant correlation was found between AHI and Vm during calm breathing(r=0.197,P=0.052),while AHI was negatively correlated with Vm after breath holding and BHI(r=-0.557,P =0.011;r=-0.605,P=0.000).Conclusion TCD can detect CVR changes in OSAHS patients,whose Vm after breath holding and BHI decrease significantly.The more severe the OSAHS is,the lower the CVR is.

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