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1.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1116-1119, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911329

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the median effective dose (ED 50) of 0.5% ropivacaine when combined with dexmedetomidine based on femoral nerve cross-sectional area for ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block. Methods:American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠor Ⅱ patients of both sexes, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index of 20-30 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective open reduction and internal fixation for patella fracture or removal of patella fracture by internal fixation, were randomly divided into dexmedetomidine and ropivacaine group (group DR) and ropivacaine group (group R). In group DR, 0.5% ropivacaine and 0.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine were injected.In group R, 0.5% ropivacaine was injected.Ultrasonic localization of femoral nerve was performed for measurement of the femoral nerve cross-sectional area, and 0.5% ropivacaine was injected based on the area.ED 50 was determined by Dixon′ s up-and-down sequential method.The initial dose was 0.22 ml/mm 2, and the difference between the two successive doses was 0.02 ml/mm 2.The effective block was defined as complete loss of pain sensation in the areas of anterior skin of knee joint, skin on the inner side of the calf and dorsal medial skin of the foot and the degree of motor block was in stages 1-3 assessed using Brunnstrom motor function within 30 min after nerve block.Nerve block was considered ineffective if pain occurred in any nerve distribution area mentioned above.The study was terminated if 7 effective and ineffective alternating waves occurred.ED 50 and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using Probit analysis. Results:In group R, 27 patients were enrolled in the study, and ED 50 (95%CI) of 0.5% ropivacaine for ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block was 0.106 (0.069-0.125) ml/mm 2.In group DR, 23 patients were enrolled in the study, and ED 50 (95% CI) of 0.5% ropivacaine for ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block was 0.038 (0.011-0.059) ml/mm 2.Compared with group R, ED 50 of 0.5% ropivacaine for femoral nerve block was significantly decreased in group R. Conclusion:When combined with dexmedetomidine 0.5 μg/kg, ED 50 of 0.5% ropivacaine based on femoral nerve cross-sectional area for ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block is 0.038 ml/mm 2.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the median effective dose (ED 50) of 0.5% ropivacaine based on femoral nerve cross-sectional area for ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block. Methods:Patients of both sexes, aged 18-64 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or Ⅱ, with body mass index of 20-30 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective open reduction and internal fixation for patella fracture or removal of patella fracture by internal fixation, were enrolled in this study.Ultrasonic localization of femoral nerve was performed for measurement of the femoral nerve cross-sectional area, and 0.5% ropivacaine was injected based on the area.ED 50 was determined by Dixon′s up-and-down sequential method.The initial dose was 0.22 ml/mm 2, and the difference between the two successive doses was 0.02 ml/mm 2.The effective block was defined as complete loss of pain sensation in the areas of anterior skin of knee joint, skin on the inner side of the calf and dorsal medial skin of the foot and the degree of motor block was in stages 1-3 assessed using Brunnstrom motor function within 30 min after nerve block.Nerve block was considered ineffective if pain occurred in any nerve distribution area mentioned above.The study was terminated if 7 effective and ineffective alternating waves occurred.ED 50 and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using Probit analysis. Results:Twenty-seven patients were enrolled in the study with the femoral nerve cross-sectional area (75±5) mm 2.ED 50 (95%CI) of 0.5% ropivacaine for ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block was 0.106 (0.069-0.125) ml/mm 2. Conclusion:ED 50 of 0.5% ropivacaine based on femoral nerve cross-sectional area for ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block is 0.106 ml/mm 2.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 925-931, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911151

ABSTRACT

Objective:To comprehensively analyze the expression profile of circular RNA (circRNA) and construct competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory networks in tuberous sclerosis complex related renal angiomyolipoma (TSC-RAML).Methods:According to the diagnostic criteria of TSC determined by the international consensus group on tuberous sclerosis in 2012, tumor tissues and paired normal renal tissues of 3 patients with TSC-RAML who were diagnosed in our hospital from January 2017 to January 2019 were collected. The circRNA, miRNA and mRNA of 3 paired samples were detected by circRNA, miRNA chip technology and next generation sequencing respectively, and the differential molecules were determined. Gene Ontology(GO) functional enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were performed based on differential mRNA molecules and host genes of circRNA. Based on differential circRNA, miRNA and mRNA, up-regulated and down-regulated ceRNA regulatory networks were established.Results:A total of 330 up-regulated and 336 down-regulated differential circRNA, 8 up-regulated and 7 down-regulated miRNA, 800 up-regulated and 1130 down-regulated mRNA were screened. Through GO and KEGG enrichment analysis, many pathways including lipid metabolism, focal adhesion and mineral absorption were abnormally altered. Finally, the up-regualted ceRNA network led by hsa_circ_0092022, hsa_circ_0076859 and hsa_circ_0033388 and down-regulated network led by hsa_circ_0000374, hsa_circ_0000141, hsa_circ_0072665, hsa_circ_0009503 and hsa_circ_0000009 were constructed.Conclusions:There were many differentially expressed circRNA between TSC-RAML and paired normal renal tissues. ceRNA regulatory networks may be involved in the occurrence and development of TSC-RAML.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910071

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and feasibility of modified pararectus abdominis approach in the anterior plate fixation of sacral fractures.Methods:In 5 fresh adult cadavers (3 males and 2 females), gross anatomy was performed on one pelvic side using a modified pararectus abdominis approach to clarify the anatomical structures around the approach. On the other side of the pelvis, the anterior structures of the sacrum were exposed in simulated anterior plate fixation of sacral fracture via the modified pararectus abdominis approach. The exposed anatomic range of the approach, and the locations and courses of lumbosacral trunk nerve and iliac vessels were observed and recorded.Results:(1) The modified pararectus abdominis approach exposed the whole S1 vertebral body from the sacroiliac joint to the medial side, the L5 vertebral body cephalally, the S1 foramina in the true pelvis, and the same structures laterally as a traditional pararectus abdominis approach did. (2) Via the modified pararectus abdominis approach, exploration and decompression of the lumbosacral plexus (from L4 to S1) (including S1 foraminoplasty) were performed under direct vision to decompress the nerve entrapment from anterior compressed fracture fragments and hyperplastic callus. (3) There was a safe surgical area in anterior L5 and S1 where a plate could be safely fixed to the S1 vertebral body. (4) Since the maximum vertical distance from the lumbosacral trunk nerve lifted above the periost to the sacral ala was 1.4 cm (range, from 1.2 to 1.5 cm), a plate could be safely placed from the subperiosteum to the S1 vertebral body to fix the fracture.Conclusions:The modified pararectus abdominis approach is safe and feasible for exploration and decompression of lumbosacral nerves in the anterior sacral region (from L4 to S1) because it has significant advantages in vision and operation. It also broadens the range of anterior sacral plate fixation because a sacral fracture displacement can be reduced under direct vision and a plate can be fixated to the S1 vertebral body along the alae sacralis and across the sacroiliac joint to the iliac bone.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906002

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the functions and indications, formulation, dosage form and medication characteristics of Chinese patent medicines in the 2020 edition of<italic> Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> (part Ⅰ) for treating cough of children, and to provide ideas for the clinical rational application and provide reference for the research and development of new cough medicines for children. Method:The name, dosage form, formulation, functions and indications, usage and dosage, and other information of Chinese patent medicines for cough were collected from the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), then relevant information was input into Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine v2.0, and data analysis and mining were carried out through the analysis module of prescription medication rule, VOSviewer 1.6.14 was used to make drug clustering network view of Chinese patent medicines for the treatment of exogenous wind cold, exogenous wind heat and phlegm heat cough. Result:In the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), a total of 75 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for treating cough of children were collected, including 34 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for adults and children, 41 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for children only. There were 7 types of traditional Chinese medicine syndromes, such as wind-cold attacking the lung, wind-heat invading the lung and phlegm-heat obstructing the lung. There were 45 Chinese patent medicines for treating exogenous cough, accounting for 60%, among which 35 kinds were used for exogenous wind-heat cough and 10 kinds were used for wind-cold cough. There were 30 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for treating internal injury cough, including 19 kinds of medicines for phlegm heat obstructing the lung, 4 kinds of medicines for phlegm dampness containing the lung and phlegm food stagnation, 2 kinds of medicines for Yin-deficiency lung heat, 1 kind of medicine for the lung and spleen Qi-deficiency. The formulation analysis showed that Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Platycodonis Radix, Scutellariae Radix, Armeniacae Semen Amarum and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium appeared frequently, which were mainly cold, bitter and sweet herbs, mainly belonged to the lung and stomach meridians. According to the analysis of administration and dosage forms, 71 kinds of Chinese patent medicines were administered through gastrointestinal tract, including 20 kinds of granules, 15 kinds of oral liquids, others included syrups, pills, capsules, tablets, powers, etc. Only 2 suppositories and 2 injections were administered by nongastrointestinal tract. The usage and dosage of most Chinese patent medicines were not clear. Conclusion:In the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), the main syndromes of Chinese patent medicines for cough of children are exogenous wind-heat and phlegm-heat obstruction in the lung. Most of the Chinese medicines are cold, bitter and sweet, and their meridians are mainly lung and stomach meridians. Scutellariae Radix, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Forsythiae Fructus are the most common medicines of exogenous wind heat syndrome. Perillae Folium, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium and Ephedrae Herba are the most common medicines of exogenous wind cold syndrome. Meanwhile, Scutellariae Radix, Platycodonis Radix and Armeniacae Semen Amarum are the most common medicines of phlegm heat obstructing the lung syndrome. At present, the dosage forms of Chinese patent medicines used for treating cough of children are too few and the dosage labeling is not comprehensive, so it is necessary to further strengthen the research and development of new Chinese medicines suitable for characteristics of children.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905925

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Shuangshen Ningxin capsules (SSNX) on cardiac hemodynamics and cardiac function in rats with coronary microvascular dysfunction. Method:Rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, a nicorandil group (5 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high- (180 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (90 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and low-dose (45 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) SSNX groups. Rats received corresponding drugs for 7 days. Two hours after the last administration, the model of coronary microvascular dysfunction was induced by left ventricular injection of embolic microspheres (40-120 μm, about 1 000 microspheres). Twenty-four hours after modeling, left ventricular internal dimension in diastole (LVIDd), left ventricular internal dimension in systole (LVIDs) left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), and left ventricular shortening rate (FS) were detected by echocardiography. Cardiac catheterization was used to observe the arterial systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), maximum rate of increase in left ventricular pressure (LV+dp/dt<sub>max</sub>), and maximum rate of decrease in left ventricular pressure (LV-dp/dt<sub>max</sub>), and the mean arterial pressure (MAP) was calculated. Heart rate (HR) was calculated according to Ⅱ lead ECG. Biochemical analysis was carried out to detect the activities of creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT). Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of Caspase-3, Bcl-2, and Bax, and 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining to observe the area of myocardial infarction. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the morphological changes of the myocardium. Result:As revealed by echocardiography, compared with the sham operation group, the model group showed reduced SV, CO, EF, and FS (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and increased LVIDs and LVEDV (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the SSNX groups showed increased EF (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01) and FS (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the high- and medium-dose SSNX groups displayed reduced LVIDs and LVESV, and increased LVEDV, SV, and CO (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). SBP, DBP, MAP, LVSP, LV+dp/dt<sub>max</sub>, and LV-dp/dt<sub>max</sub> in the model group were lower than those in the sham operation group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while there was no significant difference in HR. SSNX improved hemodynamics of rats, and increased SBP, DBP, MAP, LVSP, LV+dp/dt<sub>max</sub>, LV-dp/dt<sub>max</sub>, and HR as compared with the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The serum CK, LDH, CK-MB, and cTnT levels in the model group were higher than those in the sham operation group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, SSNX groups reduced serum CK, LDH, CK-MB, and cTnT (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01). Compared with the sham operation group, the model group displayed increased expression of Caspase-3 protein in the myocardium (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and reduced expression of Bcl-2 protein (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The expression of Caspase-3 protein in the myocardium of SSNX groups was lower than that in the model group, and statistical difference was observed between the low-dose SSNX group and the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group, the SSNX groups exhibited increased expression of Bcl-2 in the rat myocardium, and the statistical difference was observed in the high-dose SSNX group <italic>(P</italic><0.01). As demonstrated by the TTC staining, compared with the model group, SSNX groups showed reduced areas of myocardial infarction (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The HE staining indicated that the pathological injury in myocardial tissues of the SSNX groups was relieved as compared with that in the model group. Conclusion:SSNX can significantly enhance the cardiac function after coronary microvascular dysfunction caused by embolic microspheres, improve cardiac hemodynamics, reduce the area of myocardial infarction, and decrease CK, LDH, CK-MB, and cTnT levels. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of cardiomyocyte apoptosis to protect the myocardium.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885942

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between breast reconstruction and postoperative complications by meta-analysis.Methods:Through a defined search strategy, related literature was collected in databases from PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, CNKI, Wanfang Database and VIP Database, from January 1990 to November 2017. Data were extracted and each merged data was analyzed using RevMan 5.3 software. The postoperative complications between transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous-flap (TRAM) and deep inferior epigastric perforatorflap (DIEP), TRAM and latissimus dorsiflap (LDF), LDF and LDF+ prosthesis, LDF+ prosthesis and simple prosthesis implantation were compared.Results:Twenty-nine papers met inclusion criteria of our study. The Meta-analysis results showed that the risk of local flap necrosis, seroma, infection, fat liquefaction, abdominal wall hernia and abdominal bulging in TRAM group were higher than those in DIEP group, and the differences were significant. There was no significant difference in total flap necrosis, wound dehiscence, venous congestion between the two groups; the risk of total flap necrosis, wound dehiscence and infection in TRAM group were higher than those in LDF group, and the differences were significant. The risk of seroma in TRAM group was lower than that in LDF group, and the differences were significant. There was no significant difference in fat liquefaction between the two groups; there was no significant difference in the postoperative complications between LDF group and LDF+ prosthesis group; the risk of seroma in LDF+ prosthetic group was higher than that in prosthetic group, and the differences was significant. The risk of prosthetic capsular contracture and prosthesis displacement in LDF+ prosthetic group were lower than those in prosthetic group, and the differences were significant. There was no significant difference in prosthesis exposure and infection between the two groups.Conclusions:DIEP has most of the advantages of TRAM and fewer complications. It plays an important role in breast reconstruction in the future. We should make a choice of breast reconstruction methods according to the patient's conditions as far as possible in clinical practice.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880558

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Using network pharmacology to explore the mechanism of the 'invigorating qi and promoting blood circulation' drug pair Ginseng-Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) on treatment of ischemic heart disease (IHD).@*METHODS@#The chemical constituents of ginseng and Danshen drug pair were identified by searching the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), and the potential targets of the pair were identified. The pharmacodynamics of the pair was analyzed using network pharmacology. The targets of IHD were identified by database screening. Using protein-protein interaction network, the interaction targets of Ginseng-Danshen on IHD were constructed. A "constituent-target-disease" interaction network was constructed using Cytoscape software, Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment analysis and biological pathway enrichment analysis were carried out, and the mechanism of improving myocardial ischemia by the Ginseng-Danshen drug pair was investigated.@*RESULTS@#Seventeen active constituents and 53 targets were identified from ginseng, 53 active constituents and 61 targets were identified from Danshen, and 32 protein targets were shared by ginseng and Danshen. Twenty GO terms were analyzed, including cytokine receptor binding, cytokine activity, heme binding, and antioxidant activity. Sixty Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) signaling pathways were analyzed, including phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-serine-threonine kinase (PI3K-AKT) signaling pathway, p53 signaling pathway, interleukin 17 signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway, and the advanced glycation end product (AGE)-the receptor for AGE (RAGE) signaling pathway in diabetic complications.@*CONCLUSION@#The specific mechanism of Ginseng-Danshen drug pair in treating IHD may be associated with improving the changes of metabolites inbody, inhibiting the production of peroxides, removing the endogenous oxygen free radicals, regulating the expression of inflammatory factors, reducing myocardial cell apoptosis and promoting vascular regeneration.

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 548-551, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish a method for the determination of formic acid in urine by automatic headspace-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. METHODS: The urine sample was added with 3 mL 15.00%(V/V) sulfuric acid ethanol and heated in an automatic headspace sampler. The formic acid and ethanol underwent an esterification reaction to produce ethyl formate which was separated by gas chromatographic column and detected by mass spectrometer. The quantification was based on external standard method. RESULTS: The linear range of the method was 2.93-97.60 mg/L, with the regression equation correlation coefficient of 0.999 5. The detection limit was 0.65 mg/L and the minimum quantitative limit was 2.17 mg/L, with the recoveries of 95.61%-106.47%. The within-run relative standard deviation(RSD) ranged from 2.52% to 8.05% and the between-run RSD ranged from 6.58% to 8.42%. CONCLUSION: The method has simple pretreatment, good specificity, high precision and has little interference. It is suitable for large scale rapid determination of formic acid in urine in occupational contact population, patients with acute methanol poisoning and general population.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887994

ABSTRACT

The present study evaluated the curative efficacy of Chinese herbal injection on unstable angina pectoris( UAP) by network Meta-analysis. The databases,including Pub Med,Cochrane Library,Web of Science,CNKI,CBM,VIP and Wanfang were searched for randomized controlled trial( RCT) of Chinese herbal injection in the treatment of UAP. All researchers independently screened the articles,extracted the data and evaluated the quality. Open BUGS and Stata were employed for the analysis of the trials that met the quality standards. Fifty-eight studies were finally included in this study,involving 20 intervention measures. In terms of the effective rate,16 injections such as Dengzhan Xixin Injection,Xuesaitong Injection and Danshen Injection combined with western medicine exhibited significant efficacy. In terms of ECG,Puerarin Injection,Ginkgo Leaf Extract and Dipyridamole Injection( GDI),Breviscapine Injection combined with western medicine were superior to western medicine. In terms of the reduction of the angina attack times,Sodium Tanshinone ⅡASulfonate Injection,GDI and Dazhu Hongjingtian Injection combined with western medicine showed better effects than western medicine. In terms of shortening the angina duration,Shenmai Injection combined with western medicine was superior to western medicine. As revealed by the results,Dengzhan Xixin Injection,Xuesaitong Injection,Danshen Injection,Breviscapine Injection,Danshen Ligustrazine Injection combined with western medicine displayed prominent curative efficacy,which were recommended for clinical application. Meanwhile,appropriate intervention measures should be selected according to individual conditions. Limited by the quality of the included trials,the conclusions still need to be further verified.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Angina, Unstable/drug therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835597

ABSTRACT

This corrects the article “c-Myc-Induced Long Non-Coding RNA Small Nucleolar RNA Host Gene 7 Regulates Glycolysis in Breast Cancer” in volume 22 on page 533.This corrects the article “c-Myc-Induced Long Non-Coding RNA Small Nucleolar RNA Host Gene 7 Regulates Glycolysis in Breast Cancer” in volume 22(4) on page 533.This article was initially published with a misspelled the dates of submission and acceptance. The received and accepted dates should be corrected follow as:Received: Aug 2, 2019Accepted: Nov 8, 2019

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the inhibitory effects of Mentha haplocalyx Briq. With different extraction methods on respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in vitro and antiviral mechanism of it seffective parts. Methods:By using the virus infection model in vitro to detect the cytopathic effect (CPE) of the anti-RSV effect of Mentha haplocalyx Briq. in vitro. Make the anti-RSV therapeutic index (TI) in vitroas the index to screen the extraction method of mint and the macro-porous adsorption resin, so as to determine the best extraction method, and the best macroporous adsorption resin was used for separation and purification. Elution with different concentrations of eluent was used to determine the effective parts of Mentha haplocalyx Briq. resisting RSV. The antiviral mechanism was analyzed by different administration methods. Results:The supernatant of Mint after water extraction and alcohol precipitation had the strongest inhibitory effect on RSV, with TI value of 37.58; HPD100 resin had the best separation and purification effect on the supernatant, and 25% ethanol elution site had the best effect, and the TI value was 57.8. The effective substances were determined to be polyphenols by physicochemical identification reaction. After the effective parts are mixed with the virus, the antiviral experiment is the best.Conclusions:The supernatant of mint after water extraction and alcohol precipitation was adsorbed by HPD100, and 25% ethanol eluent had the best anti-RSV effect, with preventive and therapeutic effects.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863609

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the content changes of the active components and anti-aging effects of Epimedii folium and Eucommiae cortex.Methods:To prepare the Epimedii folium decoction, the eucommiae cortex decoction, the combined decoction of preparing the two herbs respectively, and the decoction of preparing the two together. Use HPLC method to analyze the content of rosin alcohol diglucosideand icariin, and UV spectrophotometry method to determine the content of total flavonoids. Then randomly divided the mice into normal group, model group and medicated group, 12 for each group. To establish a sub-acute aging female mice model induced by D-galactose, and to investigate the effects of Eucommia ulmoides and Epimedium on the daily behavior and body weight of sub-acute aging mice. The effect of compatibility of monodecoction combined solution on learning and memory ability further evaluation of its organ coefficient.Results:The content of rosin glycosides and icariin in the combined decoction of preparing the two respectively was higher than that of in the decoction of preparing them together. The difference of the flavonoids content is not obvious . Compared with the model group, the weight of medicated group significantly increased ( P<0.05), the latency of the platform test (278.06 ± 81.16 s vs. 201.67 ± 91.67 s) significantly prolonged, the number of errors (1.96 ± 0.71 vs. 2.21 ± 0.69) significantly decreased, and the thymus index (48.29 ± 14.69 vs. 44.95 ± 10.87) significantly increased ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The different decoction preparing methods of Epimedii folium and Eucommiae cortex will lead to the different content of effective components. The combined decoction of preparing the two herbs together will gain higher content of the components and with anti-aging effect.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873511

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To review the existing literature and quantitatively evaluate the association of circulating vaspin levels and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus ( GDM) . Methods We systematically searched the PubMed,EMBASE,Web of Science,China National Knowledge Infrastructure,and WanfangData databases up to June 2019. Pooled standardized mean differences ( SMDs) with 95% confidence intervals ( CIs) were calculated using random- or fixed-effects models based on the heterogeneity of studies. Subgroup analyses,Meta-regression,sensitivity and publication bias were assessed to analyze the heterogeneity and the robustness of the results. All statistical analyses were performed using STATA 12.0. Results Nine articles ( 11 comparisons) published from 2013 to 2019 were included in our final Meta-analysis,covering a total of 738 patients with GDM and 661 normal pregnant women. There was significant difference in the overall maternal circulating vaspin levels between GDM patients and healthy pregnant women ( SMD= 0.613,95% CI: 0.044-1.182,P= 0.035) . Subgroup analyses stratified by trimester in which vaspin was measured and whether BMI was matched suggested the similar trend to the overall result. Subgroup analysis according to ethnicity found that circulating vaspin level might not be related to GDM in " European" subgroup; sensitivity analysis by excluding moderate-quality studies and BMI-unmatched studies found that circulating vaspin levels were still related to GDM risk. Conclusions Our Meta-analysis indicated that maternal circulating vaspin levels might be positively correlated with the risk of GDM in Asians.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872826

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of Qihong capsule on pentobarbital sodium induced heart failure in beagle dogs. Method:Thirty healthy adult beagle dogs were randomly divided into 6 groups, 6 in each group. They were normal group, model group, digoxin tablet group (40 μg·kg-1), Qihong capsule high, medium and low dose groups (2.6,1.3,0.65 g·kg-1). The heart failure model of beagle dogs was established by intravenous infusion of 2% pentobarbital sodium. The success standard of the model was that the maximum rate of rise of left ventricular pressure was reduced by 70%.The corresponding drugs were given through duodenum. The Ⅱ lead electrocardiogram, coronary blood flow, cardiac output, left ventricular pressure and maximum rate of left ventricular pressure rise were measured by multi-channel physiological recorder. The arterial oxygen content and coronary sinus oxygen content were measured by Roche blood oxygen analyzer at different time points, and the myocardial oxygen utilization rate was calculated. Result:After intravenous infusion of 2% pentobarbital sodium for about 15 minutes, beagle dogs began to show obvious symptoms of heart failure. The main manifestations were the increase of PR interval of Ⅱ lead electrocardiogram, the decrease of coronary blood flow, left ventricular pressure, cardiac output, cardiac output, venous oxygen content, and the increase of myocardial oxygen utilization rate (P<0.01) compared with the model group, Qihong capsule significantly increased coronary blood flow at 60-120 min after treatment (P<0.05). The cardiac output of 2.6 g·kg-1 Qihong capsule increased significantly at 45-60 min after treatment, with the maximum increase of about 16%, which was significantly different from that of model group (P<0.05). At the same time, it can increase the oxygen content of coronary sinus blood, which indicates that the myocardial oxygen supply is increased and the oxygen utilization rate is decreased. Qihong capsule 1.3 g·kg-1 group significantly increased the maximum rate of left ventricular pressure rise (P<0.05), the maximum increase rate was about 42%. Conclusion:Qihong capsule can increase coronary blood flow and venous blood oxygen content at the same time, make myocardial nutrient supply sufficient, reduce oxygen utilization rate, on this basis, Qihong capsule can further increase cardiac output and improve cardiac function, so as to play a protective role in heart failure.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870600

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and mechanism of interleukin-35 gene modified mesenchyma stem cells(MSC)on ameliorating cardiac allograft rejection and prolonging graft survival of transplanted heart in mice.Methods:In this study, IL-35-MSC secreting IL-35 continuously and steadily were successfully constructed in vitro. Abdominal heterotopic heart transplantation model was established successfully. And they were randomly divided into syngeneic control group; saline control group, MSC treatment group and IL-35-MSC experimental group(n=12 each). Six mice were randomly selected for sacrificing at Day 5 post-operation for detecting the related indicators in each group: Hematoxylin eosin staining was used for pathological examination. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)was employed for detecting the concentration of IL-35 in peripheral blood and the proportion of T lymphocyte subsets in spleen was analyzed by flow cytometry(FCM). Then the remaining mice were used for recording the graft survival.Results:The model of abdominal heterotopic heart transplantation in mice was successfully constructed. As compared with saline control group(6.50±0.55 d)and MSC treatment group(12.00±0.89 days), IL-35-MSC significantly alleviated rejection after transplantation and effectively prolonged the survival time of graft(18.50±1.64 days)(n=6, P<0.01). As compared with other groups, percentage of Th17 cells and Th1/Th2 ratio in spleen decreased significantly while the proportion of CD4 + Foxp3 + Treg increased significantly in IL-35-MSC experimental group at Day 5 post-transplantation(n=6, P<0.01). Conclusions:IL-35-MSC may alleviate cardiac allograft rejection and prolong graft survival. And cellular immunotherapy based upon IL-35-MSC may provide a new approach for inducing immune tolerance.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2028-2032, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880010

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the hematological characteristics of Hb Broomhill and Hb Hornchurch, and prenatal diagnosis should be carried out in two families.@*METHODS@#RBC parameters and hemoglobin electrophoretogram were analyzed on the peripheral blood of all patients, and amniotic fluid was collected for prenatal diagnosis. PCR-Flow fluorescent hybridization and Sanger sequencing were performed for gene diagnosis of thalassemia.@*RESULTS@#Three cases of Hb Broomhill were detected, including 2 cases with common SEA α-thalassemia, which was characterized by hypochromic microcytic mild anemia, the capillary electrophoregram revealed a tiny shoulder peak before the Hb A peak; 1 case was diagnosed as Hb Hornchurch combined with β-thalassemia, which also showed mild anemia. Hemoglobin electrophoretogram showed an abnormal hemoglobin variant peak at Hb A@*CONCLUSION@#The carriers of Hb Broomhill and Hb Hornchurch do not have microcytic hypochromic anemia, which do not aggravate the hematological symptoms, such as anemia when being combined with thalassemia of the same type.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Hypochromic , Hemoglobins, Abnormal/genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828061

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate whether the mechanism of salvianolic acid B in protecting H9 c2 cardiomyocytes from hypoxia/reoxygenation injury is related to the regulation of mitochondrial autophagy mediated by NIX. H9 c2 cardiomyocytes were cultured in vitro and divided into normal group, model group and salvianolic acid B group(50 μmol·L~(-1)). Hypoxia/reoxygenation injury model was established by hypoxia for 4 h and reoxygenation for 2 h. In normal group, high glucose DMEM medium was used for culture. Those in model group were cultured with DMEM medium without glucose and oxygen, and no drugs for hypoxia and reoxyge-nation. In salvianolic acid B group, salvianolic acid B prepared by glucose-free DMEM medium was added during hypoxia, and the other process was as same as the model group. The cell viability was evaluated by CCK-8 assay. The leakage of lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) was detected by microplate method. The levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential(ΔΨm) were measured by chemical fluorescence method. The level of intracellular adenosine triphosphate(ATP) was mea-sured by fluorescein enzyme method. The autophagy related proteins LC3-Ⅰ, LC3-Ⅱ, apoptosis related protein cleaved caspase-3 and mitochondrial autophagy receptor protein NIX were detected by Western blot. As compared with the normal group, the activity of H9 c2 cardiomyocytes and ATP level were decreased(P<0.05); LDH leakage and ROS production were increased(P<0.01); ΔΨm was decreased(P<0.01); LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ ratio, cleaved caspase-3 and NIX protein expression levels were increased(all P<0.05) in the model group. As compared with the model group, the activity of cells and ΔΨm were significantly increased(P<0.01); ATP level was increased(P<0.05); LDH leakage and ROS generation were decreased(P<0.01); LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ ratio was decreased(P<0.01); cleaved caspase-3 and NIX expression levels were decreased(P<0.05) in the salvianolic acid B group. The protective effect of salvianolic acid B on hypoxia/reoxygenation injury of H9 c2 cardiomyocytes may be associated with inhibiting mitochondrial auto-phagy. The specific mechanism may be related to inhibiting the activation of mitochondrial autophagy mediated by NIX, increasing ΔΨm, reducing ROS production, reducing the expression of cleaved caspase-3, LC3-Ⅱ, and increasing cell viability.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Benzofurans , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Survival , Humans , Hypoxia , Myocytes, Cardiac
19.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1158-1170, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826762

ABSTRACT

Clinical advances in the treatment of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) are restricted by the incomplete understanding of the molecular mechanisms contributing to secondary brain injury. Acrolein is a highly active unsaturated aldehyde which has been implicated in many nervous system diseases. Our results indicated a significant increase in the level of acrolein after ICH in mouse brain. In primary neurons, acrolein induced an increase in mitochondrial fragmentation, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, generation of reactive oxidative species, and release of mitochondrial cytochrome c. Mechanistically, acrolein facilitated the translocation of dynamin-related protein1 (Drp1) from the cytoplasm onto the mitochondrial membrane and led to excessive mitochondrial fission. Further studies found that treatment with hydralazine (an acrolein scavenger) significantly reversed Drp1 translocation and the morphological damage of mitochondria after ICH. In parallel, the neural apoptosis, brain edema, and neurological functional deficits induced by ICH were also remarkably alleviated. In conclusion, our results identify acrolein as an important contributor to the secondary brain injury following ICH. Meanwhile, we uncovered a novel mechanism by which Drp1-mediated mitochondrial oxidative damage is involved in acrolein-induced brain injury.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 527-531, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To p rovide reference for related pharmacy work for developing evidence-based pharmacy information support to respond for novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) epidemic. METHODS :The PubMed,CNKI and Wanfang database were consulted to obtain treatment progress of COVID-19,prohibited for use with lopinavir/ritonavir and adverse drug reactionas until February 12,2020;so were package insert and UpToDate at the same time. Those information were summarized and evaluated. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :Totally 14 literatures introduced chemical drugs for COVID- 19,involving 7 categories, 20 kinds of chemical drugs as antiviral drugs (interferon α/interferon α-2 β , lopinavir/litonavir, etc.), immunomodulatory agents (such as glucocorticoid ,gamma globulin ),antimalarial drugs (such as chloroquine phosphate ). The existing evidence of drug treatment mainly comes from in vitro cell test or currently progressing RCT ,with low-level evidence and recommendation intensity (Oxford evidence level is level 5,recommendation intensity is level D ). For lopinavir/ritonavir that recommended in the diagnosis and treatment recommendations for COVID- 19 published by the National Health Commission ,it is a CYP3A inhibitor ,which resulted in increased plasma concentrations of some medications such as antiarrhythmic drugs ,antitumor targeted drugs and antibacterial drugs ,and should not be used in combination with drugs such as afzosin ,ivabradine,amiodarone, etc. Its common adverse reactions mainly involved igestive system (diarrhea,taste disorders ,vomiting,etc.),respiratory system (upper respiratory tract infection ),endocrine and metabolic system (hypercholesterolemia,etc.),skin and its appendents (skin rash),which should be monitored clinically.

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