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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 702-709, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985761

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the value of plasma cells for diagnosing lymph node diseases. Methods: Common lymphadenopathy (except plasma cell neoplasms) diagnosed from September 2012 to August 2022 were selected from the pathological records of Changhai Hospital, Shanghai, China. Morphological and immunohistochemical features were analyzed to examine the infiltration pattern, clonality, and IgG and IgG4 expression of plasma cells in these lymphadenopathies, and to summarize the differential diagnoses of plasma cell infiltration in common lymphadenopathies. Results: A total of 236 cases of lymphadenopathies with various degrees of plasma cell infiltration were included in the study. There were 58 cases of Castleman's disease, 55 cases of IgG4-related lymphadenopathy, 14 cases of syphilitic lymphadenitis, 2 cases of rheumatoid lymphadenitis, 18 cases of Rosai-Dorfman disease, 23 cases of Kimura's disease, 13 cases of dermal lymphadenitis and 53 cases of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL). The main features of these lymphadenopathies were lymph node enlargement with various degrees of plasm cell infiltration. A panel of immunohistochemical antibodies were used to examine the distribution of plasma cells and the expression of IgG and IgG4. The presence of lymph node architecture could help determine benign and malignant lesions. The preliminary classification of these lymphadenopathies was based on the infiltration features of plasma cells. The evaluation of IgG and IgG4 as a routine means could exclude the lymph nodes involvement of IgG4-related dieases (IgG4-RD), and whether it was accompanied by autoimmune diseases or multiple-organ diseases, which were of critical evidence for the differential diagnosis. For common lesions of lymphadenopathies, such as Castleman's disease, Kimura's disease, Rosai-Dorfman's disease and dermal lymphadenitis, the expression ratio of IgG4/IgG (>40%) as detected using immunhistochemistry and serum IgG4 levels should be considered as a standard for the possibility of IgG4-RD. The differential diagnosis of multicentric Castleman's diseases and IgG4-RD should be also considered. Conclusions: Infiltration of plasma cells and IgG4-positive plasma cells may be detected in some types of lymphadenopathies and lymphomas in clinicopathological daily practice, but not all of them are related to IgG4-RD. It should be emphasized that the characteristics of plasma cell infiltration and the ratio of IgG4/IgG (>40%) should be considered for further differential diagnosis and avoiding misclassification of lymphadenopathies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Castleman Disease/pathology , Plasma Cells/pathology , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease , China , Lymphadenopathy/pathology , Inflammation/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Lymphadenitis/pathology , Immunoglobulin G/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 281-289, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994405

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between metabolic score for insulin resistance (METS-IR) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) and albuminuria in the Chinese population.Methods:This cross-sectional study was conducted from January to December 2018 among residents aged 20 to 70 years in ten regions of eight provinces in China; all residents had lived in their region for more than 5 years. Various parameters were measured, included fasting blood glucose, 2-hour postprandial blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA 1c), blood lipids, renal function, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR), etc. Data of 5 060 subjects meeting the criteria were included in the study. CKD was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)<60 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2 or UACR≥30 mg/g. Albuminuria was defined as UACR≥30 mg/g. METS-IR was calculated and categorized into quartiles: Q1, METS-IR≤32.19; Q2, METS-IR 32.20-37.10; Q3, METS-IR 37.11-42.58; and Q4, METS-IR>42.58. The correlation between METS-IR and CKD and albuminuria was analyzed by binary logistic regression, and subgroup analyses were performed. Results:There were 1 266, 1 266, 1 265, and 1 263 participants included in Q1-Q4 groups, respectively. With the increase of METS-IR quartile, various parameters increased, including age, fasting blood glucose, HbA 1c, triglycerides, serum uric acid, waist circumference, body mass index, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and the proportion of males also increased (all P<0.05). The proportion of patients with CKD and albuminuria increased significantly with the increase in interquartile range (Q) of METS-IR (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that for every 1-unit increment of METS-IR, the risk of CKD and albuminuria were both increased by 2% [for both: odds ratio ( OR)=1.02, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.01-1.03]. Compared with the lowest METS-IR group (Q1), the ORs for CKD and albuminuria in the highest METS-IR group (Q4) were 1.57 (95% CI 1.17-2.10) and 1.46 (95% CI 1.09-1.96), respectively. In the subgroup analyses, increased METS-IR was significantly associated with CKD and albuminuria among women (CKD: OR=1.62, 95% CI 1.14-2.31; albuminuria: OR=1.53, 95% CI 1.07-2.18), individuals with HbA 1c<7% ( OR=1.64, 95% CI 1.21-2.23; OR=1.55, 95% CI 1.14-2.11), individuals with eGFR≥90 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2 ( OR=1.78, 95% CI 1.27-2.49; OR=1.80, 95% CI 1.28-2.53), and the Chinese Han population ( OR=1.56, 95% CI 1.13-2.17; OR=1.41, 95% CI 1.01-1.96). Conclusions:METS-IR is significantly associated with CKD and albuminuria in a Chinese population. Furthermore, the higher the METS-IR, the higher the risk of CKD and albuminuria.

3.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 277-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971262

ABSTRACT

Objective: To propose a new staging system for presacral recurrence of rectal cancer and explore the factors influencing radical resection of such recurrences based on this staging system. Methods: In this retrospective observational study, clinical data of 51 patients with presacral recurrence of rectal cancer who had undergone surgical treatment in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital between January 2008 and September 2022 were collected. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) primary rectal cancer without distant metastasis that had been radically resected; (2) pre-sacral recurrence of rectal cancer confirmed by multi-disciplinary team assessment based on CT, MRI, positron emission tomography, physical examination, surgical exploration, and pathological examination of biopsy tissue in some cases; and (3) complete inpatient, outpatient and follow-up data. The patients were allocated to radical resection and non-radical resection groups according to postoperative pathological findings. The study included: (1) classification of pre-sacral recurrence of rectal cancer according to its anatomical characteristics as follows: Type I: no involvement of the sacrum; Type II: involvement of the low sacrum, but no other sites; Type III: involvement of the high sacrum, but no other sites; and Type IV: involvement of the sacrum and other sites. (2) Assessment of postoperative presacral recurrence, overall survival from surgery to recurrence, and duration of disease-free survival. (3) Analysis of factors affecting radical resection of pre-sacral recurrence of rectal cancer. Non-normally distributed measures are expressed as median (range). The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between groups. Results: The median follow-up was 25 (2-96) months with a 100% follow-up rate. The rate of metachronic distant metastasis was significantly lower in the radical resection than in the non-radical resection group (24.1% [7/29] vs. 54.5% [12/22], χ2=8.333, P=0.026). Postoperative disease-free survival was longer in the radical resection group (32.7 months [3.0-63.0] vs. 16.1 [1.0-41.0], Z=8.907, P=0.005). Overall survival was longer in the radical resection group (39.2 [3.0-66.0] months vs. 28.1 [1.0-52.0] months, Z=1.042, P=0.354). According to univariate analysis, age, sex, distance between the tumor and anal verge, primary tumor pT stage, and primary tumor grading were not associated with achieving R0 resection of presacral recurrences of rectal cancer (all P>0.05), whereas primary tumor pN stage, anatomic staging of presacral recurrence, and procedure for managing presacral recurrence were associated with rate of R0 resection (all P<0.05). According to multifactorial analysis, the pathological stage of the primary tumor pN1-2 (OR=3.506, 95% CI: 1.089-11.291, P=0.035), type of procedure (transabdominal resection: OR=29.250, 95% CI: 2.789 - 306.811, P=0.005; combined abdominal perineal resection: OR=26.000, 95% CI: 2.219-304.702, P=0.009), and anatomical stage of presacral recurrence (Type III: OR=16.000, 95% CI: 1.542 - 166.305, P = 0.020; type IV: OR= 36.667, 95% CI: 3.261 - 412.258, P = 0.004) were all independent risk factors for achieving radical resection of anterior sacral recurrence after rectal cancer surgery. Conclusion: Stage of presacral recurrences of rectal cancer is an independent predictor of achieving R0 resection. It is possible to predict whether radical resection can be achieved on the basis of the patient's medical history.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnosis , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Pelvis/pathology , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 154-158, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969860

ABSTRACT

More studies show that various diseases, especially chronic non-infectious diseases, have developmental origin. Developmental origins of diseases are mainly due to gametes and early life development stage being exposed to adverse environment, resulting in abnormal modification of epigenetic and stable inheritance to the adult stage, which could make the risk of various long-term diseases of individuals high. The theory of developmental origin provides a new perspective for the occurrence and development of diseases, and also provides a theoretical basis for disease prevention. Attaching importance to maternal and child health care and life-cycle management is conducive to the prevention of developmental diseases and is of great significance to the improvement of population quality.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Epigenesis, Genetic , Chronic Disease , Noncommunicable Diseases/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 842-853, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957976

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the associations between small diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) hyperintensities lesions and total cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD) burden and the influence on prognosis in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).Methods:Consecutive patients with acute spontaneous ICH from January 2018 to June 2021 were recruited in the Stroke Center of Zhengzhou People′s Hospital. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed to quantify DWI hyperintensities lesions and cSVD imaging markers, including white matter hyperintensities, enlarged perivascular spaces, lacunes and cerebral microbleeds, which were calculated for the total cSVD burden (0-4 points). The prognosis was assessed with the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at discharge and 90-day. Multivariable Logistic regression models were adopted to explore the associations between DWI lesions and total cSVD burden and clinical outcome.Results:Of 283 included patients, 59 (20.8%) had small DWI lesions, 32 (11.3%) had multiple lesions. They were mostly punctate, mainly located in the cortical and subcortical regions, and scattered in multiple vascular territories. With the increase of cSVD burden, the number of DWI lesions gradually increased. Spearman correlation analysis showed that the total cSVD burden was positively correlated with the number of DWI lesions ( r=0.21, P<0.001). In multivariable regression analyses, the total cSVD burden was independently associated with DWI lesions ( OR=1.63, 95% CI 1.23-2.15, P=0.001). The 90-day poor outcome (mRS scores≥4) in patients with DWI lesions was significantly higher than those without DWI lesions (39.3% vs 16.3%, χ 2=14.38, P<0.001), while there was no statistically significant difference in the poor outcome of discharge between the two groups (26.5% vs 17.7%, χ 2=3.06, P=0.080). With the increase in the number of DWI lesions, the 90-day poor outcome increased significantly (trend chi-squared test χ 2=11.50, P=0.001). Multivariable analyses showed that DWI lesions ( OR=4.39, 95% CI 1.92-10.03, P<0.001) and their number ( OR=1.42, 95% CI 1.06-1.90, P=0.018) were independently associated with the 90-day poor outcome. Conclusions:Higher total cSVD burden is an independent risk factor for small DWI lesions in patients with ICH. Small DWI lesions were independently associated with the 90-day poor outcome, but not with the discharge outcome.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 686-689, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957456

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the long-term efficacy of AdVance sling bulbar urethral suspension and artificial urethral sphincter (AUS) implantation in the treatment of moderate to severe male stress urinary incontinence.Methods:The clinical data of 12 male patients with urinary incontinence who underwent surgical treatment in Peking University People's Hospital from June 2011 to June 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The median age was 75(64-80) years. There were 9 cases after radical prostatectomy and 3 cases after transurethral prostatectomy. Patients had a median history of urinary incontinence of 3(1-9) years, and needed an average of 8(5-10) pads per day. Among them, 5 patients had moderate urinary incontinence and 7 patients had severe urinary incontinence. All patients underwent urinary incontinence surgery for the first time. Among the 12 patients, 6 received AdVance sling ball urethral suspension (AdVance group), and 6 received AUS implantation (AUS group). The median age of the AdVance group was 72 (64-73) years. The median number of pads used daily was 6 (5-8) tablets. Urinary incontinence Quality of Life questionnaire (I-QOL) score was (15.0±5.4). Five patients had moderate urinary incontinence and one patient had severe urinary incontinence. In the AUS group, the median age was 78(76-80) years old, the median daily pad use was 8(6-10) tablets, and the I-QOL score was (16.7±5.1), all of which were severe urinary incontinence. The daily pad usage, I-QOL and postoperative complications were recorded at 1 and 5 years after operation.Results:All patients completed the operation successfully. The postoperative follow-up was 5-7 years (mean 5.5 years). In AdVance group, 1 patient with severe urinary incontinence had no significant improvement in postoperative symptoms at 1 year after operation. The other 5 patients showed significant improvement in urinary incontinence symptoms. In the AdVance group, the median number of pads used per day was 2.5 (1-10), and the I-QOL score was (75.0±28.1), which were all significantly improved compared with that before operation ( P<0.05). The median number of pads used per day in the AdVance group 5 years after operation was 2.5(1-10), and the I-QOL score was (78.3±29.3), which were significantly improved compared with those before operation (all P<0.01). In the AUS group, no pad was needed at 1 year after operation, which was significantly improved compared with that before operation ( P<0.01). Urethral erosion occurred in 2 cases 3 years after operation, and the AUS was removed. Urinary incontinence recurred and returned to the preoperative state without reoperation. The other 4 cases did not need to use the pad 5 years after operation. In AdVance group, 3 patients had perineal pain within 3 months after operation, which was related to activity and relieved spontaneously. No wound infection, urethral erosion and other complications occurred. Urethral erosion occurred in 3 cases in AUS group. Conclusions:AdVance sling ball urethral suspension is effective for patients with moderate stress urinary incontinence and has fewer complications. AUS implantation is effective for patients with severe male stress urinary incontinence. However, the long-term complications of this operation may affect the postoperative efficacy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 996-1000, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956753

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of magnetization transfer imaging (MTI) and fat suppression T 2WI (FS-T 2WI) in predicting the clinical activity of Graves ophthalmopathy (GO). Methods:From October 2020 to July 2021, 64 GO patients were prospectively enrolled in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. According to the clinical activity score (CAS), the patients were divided into active group (CAS≥3, 39 patients and 78 eyes) and inactive group (CAS<3, 25 patients and 50 eyes). The coronal MTI and FS-T 2WI were scanned for pre-treatment assessment. Magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) of extraocular muscles, and signal intensity ratio (SIR) between extraocular muscles and temporalis were measured, respectively. The independent-sample t-test was used to compare the MTR and SIR between two groups. The correlations between MRI parameters and CAS were analyzed using Spearman correlation analysis. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was performed to evaluate the value of each and combined parameters for predicting the clinical activity of GO. The DeLong test was used to compare the area under the curve (AUC). Results:The MTR of active group and inactive group were 0.45±0.04 and 0.51±0.04, respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( t=7.62, P<0.001). The SIR were 3.4±0.6 and 2.6±0.5, respectively, and the difference was also statistically significant ( t=-8.20, P<0.001). MTR was negatively correlated with CAS ( r=-0.46, P<0.001), while SIR was positively correlated with CAS ( r=0.63, P<0.001). The AUC of MTR, SIR and the combination of MTR and SIR for predicting the clinical activity of GO were 0.840, 0.845 and 0.905, respectively. The combination of MTR and SIR showed higher performance than MTR or SIR alone, and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=2.61, P=0.009; Z=2.15, P=0.032). Conclusions:The quantitative parameters of MTI and FS-T 2WI, namely MTR and SIR, can be used to evaluate the clinical activity of GO. Integrating MTI and FS-T 2WI can improve the diagnostic efficiency.

8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 402-409, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935228

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognostic evaluation value of preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) in rectal cancer patients. Nomogram survival prediction model based on inflammatory markers was constructed. Methods: The clinical and survival data of 585 patients with rectal cancer who underwent radical resection in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiao tong University from January 2013 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The optimal cut-off values of NLR, PLR, LMR, and SII were determined by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The relationship between different NLR, PLR, LMR and SII levels and the clinic pathological characteristics of the rectal cancer patients were compared. Cox proportional risk model was used for univariate and multivariate regression analysis. Nomogram prediction models of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of patients with rectal cancer were established by the R Language software. The internal validation and accuracy of the nomograms were determined by the calculation of concordance index (C-index). Calibration curve was used to evaluate nomograms' efficiency. Results: The optimal cut-off values of preoperative NLR, PLR, LMR and SII of OS for rectal cancer patients were 2.44, 134.88, 4.70 and 354.18, respectively. There was statistically significant difference in tumor differentiation degree between the low NLR group and the high NLR group (P<0.05), and there were statistically significant differences in T stage, N stage, TNM stage, tumor differentiation degree and preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level between the low PLR group and the high PLR group (P<0.05). There was statistically significant difference in tumor differentiation degree between the low LMR group and the high LMR group (P<0.05), and there were statistically significant differences in T stage, N stage, TNM stage, tumor differentiation degree and preoperative CEA level between the low SII group and the high SII group (P<0.05). The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the age (HR=2.221, 95%CI: 1.526-3.231), TNM stage (Ⅲ grade: HR=4.425, 95%CI: 1.848-10.596), grade of differentiation (HR=1.630, 95%CI: 1.074-2.474), SII level (HR=2.949, 95%CI: 1.799-4.835), and postoperative chemoradiotherapy (HR=2.123, 95%CI: 1.506-2.992) were independent risk factors for the OS of patients with rectal cancer. The age (HR=2.107, 95%CI: 1.535-2.893), TNM stage (Ⅲ grade, HR=2.850, 95%CI: 1.430-5.680), grade of differentiation (HR=1.681, 95%CI: 1.150-2.457), SII level (HR=2.309, 95%CI: 1.546-3.447), and postoperative chemoradiotherapy (HR=1.837, 95%CI: 1.369-2.464) were independent risk factors of the DFS of patients with rectal cancer. According to the OS and DFS nomograms predict models of rectal cancer patients established by multivariate COX regression analysis, the C-index were 0.786 and 0.746, respectively. The calibration curve of the nomograms showed high consistence of predict and actual curves. Conclusions: Preoperative NLR, PLR, LMR and SII levels are all correlated with the prognosis of rectal cancer patients, and the SII level is an independent prognostic risk factor for patients with rectal cancer. Preoperative SII level can complement with the age, TNM stage, differentiation degree and postoperative adjuvant chemoradiotherapy to accurately predict the prognosis of rectal cancer patients, which can provide reference and help for clinical decision.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Inflammation/classification , Lymphocytes , Neutrophils , Nomograms , Preoperative Period , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 928-935, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954491

ABSTRACT

Objective: Cerebrovascular disease can be roughly divided into 2 subtypes: Cerebral ischemia (CI) and cerebral hemorrhage (CH). No scale currently exist that can predict the subtypes of cerebrovascular diseases. This study aims to establish a prediction scale for the subtypes of cerebrovascular diseases. Methods:A total of 1200 cerebrovascular disease patients were included in this study, data from 1081 (90%) patients were used to establish the CI-CH risk scale, and data from 119 (10%) patients were used to test it. Risk factors for the CI-CH risk scale were identified by 2 screens, with two-tailed student ' s t-test and two-tailed Fisher ' s exact test preliminarily and with logistic regression analysis further. The scores of each risk factor for CI-CH risk scale were determined according to the odds rate, and the cut-off point was determined by Youden index. Results: Nine risk factors were ultimately selected for score system, including age (≥75 years old was ?1, <75 years old was 0), BMI (<24 kg/m2 was 0, 24?28 kg/m2 was ?1,>28 kg/m2 was?2), hypertension grade (grade 1 was 1, grade 2 was 2, and grade 3 was 3), diabetes status (no was 0, yes was?1), antihypertensive drug use (no was 0, yes was?2), alcohol consumption (<60 g/d was 1, ≥60 g/d was 2), uric acid (less than normal was 0, normal was?1, high than normal was?2), LDL cholesterol (<2 mmol/L was 0, 2?4 mmol/L was?1, and>4 mmol/L was?2), and HDL cholesterol (<1.55 mmol/L was 0,≥1.55 mmol/L was 2). Patients with a score more than 0 were classified as the CH group, Conversely, they were assigned to the CI group;its sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 74.5%, 77.9%, and 76.4%, respectively. Conclusion: The CI-CH risk scale can help the clinician predict the subtypes of cerebrovascular diseases.

10.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 335-339, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936156

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of micro and mini parotid gland tumors and to provide reference for their clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#Patients with parotid gland tumors treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from December 2012 to April 2020 were selected. Relevant clinical data of the patients with tumor diameter ≤20 mm detected by preoperative CT were collected to analyze the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of micro and mini parotid gland tumors. And the collected data were divided into two groups with diameter 11-20 mm and diameter ≤10 mm according to tumor diameter measured by preoperative CT. The clinicopathological differences between the two groups were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 067 patients with primary epithelial parotid gland tumors were collected, and 685 patients with tumor diameter ≤20 mm were examined by CT, accounting for 33.1%. The ratio of male to female patients with micro and mini parotid gland tumors was 1 ∶1.93, the average age was (45.3±13.8) years (12-83 years), and the median course of disease was 12 months (1 week to 30 years). Among them, 635 cases (92.7%) were benign tumors, 50 cases (7.3%) were malignant tumors, and the ratio of benign to malignant was 12.7 ∶1. The most common benign tumor was pleomorphic adenoma, and the most common malignant tumor was mucoepidermoid carcinoma. The micro and mini parotid gland tumors were divided into 11-20 mm group (n=611) and ≤10 mm group (n=74), the clinical characteristics comparison of the two groups of gender ratio, average age, course of di-sease had no statistical difference (P>0.05). In the 11-20 mm diameter group, the percentage of benign and malignant tumor was 92.8% (567/611) and 7.2% (44/611) respectively, and the ratio of benign to malignant tumors was 12.9 ∶1. In the ≤10 mm diameter group, the percentage of benign and malignant tumor was 91.9% (68/74) and 8.1% (6/74) respectively, and the ratio of benign to malignant tumors was 11.3 ∶1. There was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). Fifty patients with malignant tumor were followed up for the median follow-up period of 39.5 months (1-91 months). Local recurrence occurred in 2 patients with one death. The overall 2-year survival rate was 93.7% and the 5-year survival rate was 89.3%.@*CONCLUSION@#The majority of micro and mini parotid gland tumors was benign lesion. There was a good prognosis for micro and mini parotid gland carcinoma. Early surgical treatment was recommended for micro and mini parotid gland tumors.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/surgery , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid/pathology , Parotid Gland , Parotid Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 93-109, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927585

ABSTRACT

Diabetic nephropathy is a microvascular complication of diabetes. Its etiology involves metabolic disorder-induced endothelial dysfunction. Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in a number of physiological processes, including glomerular filtration and endothelial protection. NO dysregulation is an important pathogenic basis of diabetic nephropathy. Hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia can lead to oxidative stress, chronic inflammation and insulin resistance, thus affecting NO homeostasis regulated by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and a conglomerate of related proteins and factors. The reaction of NO and superoxide (O2.-) to form peroxynitrite (ONOO-) is the most important pathological NO pathway in diabetic nephropathy. ONOO- is a hyper-reactive oxidant and nitrating agent in vivo which can cause the uncoupling of eNOS. The uncoupled eNOS does not produce NO but produces superoxide. Thus, eNOS uncoupling is a critical contributor of NO dysregulation. Understanding the regulatory mechanism of NO and the effects of various pathological conditions on it could reveal the pathophysiology of diabetic nephropathy, potential drug targets and mechanisms of action. We believe that increasing the stability and activity of eNOS dimers, promoting NO synthesis and increasing NO/ONOO- ratio could guide the development of drugs to treat diabetic nephropathy. We will illustrate these actions with some clinically used drugs as examples in the present review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Nephropathies/drug therapy , Endothelium, Vascular , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/therapeutic use , Oxidative Stress , Peroxynitrous Acid/therapeutic use
12.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 243-252, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875259

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare and correlate the findings of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and arterial spin labeling (ASL) imaging in characterizing parotid gland tumors. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 56 patients with parotid gland tumors evaluated by MR imaging. The true diffusion coefficient (D), pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D*), and fraction of perfusion (f) values of IVIM imaging and tumor-to-parotid gland signal intensity ratio (SIR) on ASL imaging were calculated. Spearman rank correlation coefficient, chi-squared, Mann-Whitney U, and Kruskal-Wallis tests with the post-hoc Dunn-Bonferroni method and receiver operating characteristic curve assessments were used for statistical analysis. @*Results@#Malignant parotid gland tumors showed significantly lower D than benign tumors (p = 0.019). Within subgroup analyses, pleomorphic adenomas (PAs) showed significantly higher D than malignant tumors (MTs) and Warthin’s tumors (WTs) (p < 0.001). The D* of WTs was significantly higher than that of PAs (p = 0.031). The f and SIR on ASL imaging of WTs were significantly higher than those of MTs and PAs (p < 0.05). Significantly positive correlation was found between SIR on ASL imaging and f (r = 0.446, p = 0.001). In comparison with f, SIR on ASL imaging showed a higher area under curve (0.853 vs. 0.891) in discriminating MTs from WTs, although the difference was not significant (p = 0.720). @*Conclusion@#IVIM and ASL imaging could help differentiate parotid gland tumors. SIR on ASL imaging showed a significantly positive correlation with f. ASL imaging might hold potential to improve the ability to discriminate MTs from WTs.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 436-442, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911046

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the urodynamic classification of middle-aged and elderly men with benign prostatic obstruction(BPO), and to analyze the efficacy of transurethral resection of the prostate(TURP) on various types of patients.Methods:A retrospective analysis of middle-aged and elderly male patients with non-neurogenic lower urinary tract symptoms(LUTS) who underwent urodynamic tests from January 2010 to December 2018, including 793 patients with BPO. Urodynamics examination of detrusor without contraction needs to complete cystoscopy to diagnose BPO. During urodynamic examination, the detrusor uninhibited contraction induced by spontaneous or stimulation during the bladder filling period is diagnosed as overactivity of the bladder detrusor(DO), and the LinPURR chart indicates the detrusor underactivity(DU). Based on the persistence of BPO leading to DO, DU, and decreased bladder compliance, 793 male patients with BPO with LUTS were divided into four types, including type Ⅰ(BPO: n=164, 20.7%), type Ⅱ(BPO combined with DO: n=333, 42.00%), type Ⅲ(BPO combined with DU: n=267, 33.7%), type Ⅳ(BPO combined with decreased bladder compliance: n=29, 3.7%). The preoperative comparison between groups showed that the age of type Ⅰ-Ⅳ gradually increased, and the age of type Ⅰ was significantly smaller than other types [(67.3±8.2)years, (69.7±7.7)years, (71.5±7.9)years, (72.4±7.1)years, P<0.05]. Compared with other types, the type Ⅰ’s IPSS-S[(9.1±3.6)points vs.(10.4±3.1) points, (9.2±3.3) points, (10.4±3.1)points, P<0.05], IPSS-V[(13.5±3.4) points vs. (14.2±3.5)points, (14.0±3.5)points, (14.2±2.9)points, P<0.05], IPSS scores[(22.6±5.4)points, (24.7±4.9)points, (23.1±5.3)points, (24.6±4.7)points, P<0.05] were significantly lower than other groups, the maximum bladder capacity [(332.6±83.2)ml vs.(221.4±80.8)ml, (286.7±108.2)ml, (242.3±103.4)ml, P<0.05], the functional bladder capacity was significantly higher than other types[(215.2±90.0)ml, (148.5±76.0)ml, (154.9±87.2)ml, (121.2±72.9)ml, P<0.05]. Type Ⅱ’s IPSS-S[(10.4±3.1)points vs.(9.1±3.6)points, (9.2±3.3)points, P<0.05], nocturia frequency[(3.7±1.8)times vs.(3.2±1.8)times, (3.2±1.6)times, P<0.05], IPSS score[(24.7±4.9)points vs.(22.6±5.4)points, (23.1±5.3)points, P<0.05], quality of life scores [(4.9±0.9) points, (4.6±0.9)points, (4.6±0.9)points, P<0.05] was significantly higher than type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ ( P<0.05). Type Ⅲ and Ⅳ had higher residual urine than type Ⅱ[(121.3±96.4)ml, (121.3±96.4)ml vs.(71.2±73.5)ml, P<0.05]. Type Ⅳ’s IPSS-S[(10.4±3.1)points vs. (9.1±3.6)points, (9.2±3.3)points, P<0.05], IPSS-V[(14.2±2.9) points vs.(13.5±3.4)points, (14.0±3.5)points, P<0.05], the frequency of nocturia[(3.8±1.9)times vs.(3.2±1.8)times, (3.2±1.6)times, P<0.05] was significantly higher than that of type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ, and the quality of life score was higher than type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ[(4.3±0.8)points vs.(4.7±0.9)points, (4.6±0.9)points, P<0.05]. type Ⅱ and type Ⅳ’s bladder compliance[(21.4±24.2)ml/cmH 2O, (11.0±11.4)ml/cmH 2O vs.(33.9±23.7)ml/cmH 2O, (33.1±32.7)ml/cmH 2O, P<0.05], maximum bladder capacity[(221.4±80.8)ml, (242.3±103.4)ml vs.(332.6±83.2)ml, (286.7±108.2)ml, P<0.05], functional bladder capacity[(148.5±76.0)ml, (121.2±72.9)ml vs.(215.2±90.0)ml, (154.9±87.2)ml, P<0.05] were significantly less than type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ( P<0.05). From November 2016 to November 2018, 60 middle-aged and elderly male patients with confirmed BPO and TURP were selected, including type Ⅰ( n=17, 28.3%), type Ⅱ ( n=23, 38.3%), and Ⅲ type ( n=11, 18.3%), Ⅳ type( n=9, 15.1%). Type IV patients are significantly older than other types ( P<0.05), bladder compliance is significantly worse than other types( P<0.05), the maximum bladder capacity is smaller than other types( P<0.05). The follow-up started 3 months after the operation. The content of the follow-up included IPSS, IPSS-S, IPSS-V, nocturia frequency, undisturbed sleep time, nocturia quality of life score, and life quality score. Results:The IPSS scores of type Ⅰ, type Ⅱ, and type Ⅲ after TURP were significantly improved compared with preoperative(19.8±6.2 vs.3.4±1.8; 21.9±5.2 vs.4.6±2.6; 21.5±6.2 vs.5.7±4.6, P<0.05), type Ⅳ urine storage symptom score (9.1±4.1 vs.4.3±3.7), nocturia frequency(3.6±1.5vs.2.3±1.6), nocturia quality of life score (25.3±6.9 vs.31.4±13.7) Compared with preoperatively, there was no significant improvement( P>0.05). The quality of life score improvement of type Ⅳ patients was significantly lower than that of type Ⅰ, type Ⅱ, and type Ⅲ (10.9±9.1 vs.12.2±9.0, 14.4±5.7, 12.7±5.8, P<0.05). The IPSS score of type Ⅳ patients was significantly higher than that of type Ⅰ(7.0±5.8 vs.3.4±1.8), and the nocturia quality of life score was significantly lower than that of each group (31.4±13.7 vs.37.5±4.2, 38.7±3.5, 37.8±3.8, P<0.05). Conclusions:For middle-aged and elderly men with BPO, we divide them into four types based on the results of urodynamic examinations, type Ⅰ(simple BPO), type Ⅱ(BPO combined with DO), type Ⅲ(BPO combined with DU), type Ⅳ(BPO combined with bladder compliance decline). Type Ⅰ patients have the best bladder function, and TURP has the best effect; type Ⅱ has a high symptom score and poor quality of life, and can benefit after TURP; type Ⅲ bladder function is poor, and surgery should be performed as soon as possible to prevent further deterioration of bladder function; type Ⅳ bladder function is the best poor, IPSS score and quality of life score are high, TURP surgery is not effective.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 43-48, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884684

ABSTRACT

Charcot Spinal Arthropathy (CSA) is a rare and progressive serious degenerative spinal disease. The clinical manifestations of CSA are concealed and atypical, which could lead to missed misdiagnosis, disease prognosis, and a huge burden on patients. However, there is no systematic review of CSA in China. The causes of CSA are mainly divided into spinal cord injury and non-injury neuropathy. The risk factors for CSA caused by spinal cord injury include long-segment fixation, scoliosis, laminectomy, overload spinal exercise and obesity. CSA usually occurs in the lower thoracic or lumbar spine. The symptoms of CSA include spinal deformity, unbalanced sitting posture and local pain. The CSA can be diagnosed after excluding non-specific chronic inflammation in histology and other inflammatory diseases or tumor based on the following items, damage to proprioception, pain and temperature perception, bone destruction, absorption and new bone formation on imaging. Conservative treatment can be considered for patients with CSA who have good stability without infections, stable nerve function, skin fistulas, balanced sitting posture, and autonomic dysfunction. Surgery is recommended for patients with symptoms lasting for more than 6 months with spinal instability, skin fistulas or complicated infections. Before surgery, it is recommended to evaluate the heterotopic ossification or rigidity of both hip joints. During operation, more attention should be paid to the adequate removal of necrotic tissue and inflammatory tissue in the lesion and sufficient bone grafting. Spinal fusion is recommended at the sacrum or pelvis. Postoperative complications include failure of internal fixation, new Charcot joint formation, difficulty in wound healing and infection. The authors emphasize that the overall thoracolumbar spine should be followed up for patients with spinal cord injury and paraplegia for the long-term. The typical symptoms of CSA are helpful for early diagnosis and selection of appropriate interventions.

15.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 704-709, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942240

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the short-term effects and long-term outcomes of incisional procedure and dilatation procedure to manage diverticular neck in percutaneous nephrolithotomy for diverticular stones.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 61 patients with diverticular stones who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy from June 2009 to January 2019 were retrospectively collected and analyzed, which was as follous: (1) basic information: age, gender, body mass index (BMI), American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) classifications and preoperative symptoms.(2)stone characteristic and procedure-related data: location and size of stone, skinned renal access length and procedure time.(3)perioperative clinical data: hemoglobin drop, Clavien's classification and stone-free rate. Long-term follow-ups were performed for more than 5 years after the patients were discharged.@*RESULTS@#Fifty-three patients were included based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and were divided into the dilation group (n=37) and the incision group (n=16) by the treatment methods of diverticular neck. There were 24 male patients (45.3%) and 29 female patients (54.7%), with a mean age of 39.96±12.88 years. Stones were mainly located in the upper pole (n=32, 60.38%) and posterior area (n=41, 77.4%), with a predominance of single stone (n=36, 67.9%). There was no statistically significant difference in demographic data and stone characteristics between the two groups except for age and stone burden. Forty-five patients (84.9%) reached stone-free status after surgeries, and 44 patients (83.0%) postoperative symptoms improved. Twelve patients were lost to the follow-ups, and 41 cases were followed up for an average of 77 months. One recurrence occurred 1 year after surgery. Fifteen patients underwent operations within the past 5 years and the overall 5-year recurrence rate for the remaining 26 patients was 34.6%. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of perioperative complications, postoperative stone-free rate and recurrence rate between the two groups, and the recurrence rate was significantly higher 5 years postoperatively than 1 year postoperatively. The proportion of the patients who remained lithotripsy-free and residual stone status decreased significantly.@*CONCLUSION@#Both incisional and dilatation procedures in percutaneous nephrolithotomy to manage diverticular neck could bring the satisfactory postoperative stone free rate. The recurrence rate was about 30% to 40% 5 years after surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 671-674, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942234

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) on detrusor underactivity (DUA).@*METHODS@#From December 2019 to April 2020, 6 patients with DUA who had been treated with SNM were assessed retrospectively. The average age was 58 years (46-65 years), with 3 males and 3 females. All the patients were diagnosed with DUA by urodynamics examination. Obstruction of bladder outlet was excluded through the cystoscopy. No patient had the history of neurological disease. All the patients were placed with the bladder colostomy tube before SNM. One female patient accepted the trans-urethral resection of bladder neck. Two male patients accepted the trans-urethral resection of prostate. All the 3 patients had no improvement of void symptom after the urethral operation. Before SNM, the average 24 h times of voiding was 23.8 (18-33), average volume of every voiding was 34.2 mL (10-50 mL), average residual volume was 421.7 mL (350-520 mL). The preoperative and postoperative 24 h urine frequency, average voided volume, and average residual urine volume were compared respectively.@*RESULTS@#Totally 6 patients underwent SNM with stage Ⅰ procedure. The operation time for stage Ⅰ procedure was 62-135 min (average 90 min). After an average follow-up of two weeks, stage Ⅱ procedure was performed on responders. Four patients accepted stage Ⅱ procedure (conversion rate 66.7%), the other two patients refused the stage Ⅱ procedure because the urine frequency did not reach the satisfied level. But all the patients had the improvement of residual urine volume. For the 4 patients at the follow-up of 10-15 months, the improvement of void was still obvious. For the all patients after stage Ⅰ procedure, the average 24 h urine frequency reduced to 13.5 times (9-18 times, P < 0.001), the average voided volume increased to 192.5 mL (150-255 mL, P < 0.001), and the average residual urine volume reduced to 97.5 mL (60-145 mL, P < 0.001). No adverse events, such as wound infection or electrode translocation were detected during an average follow-up of 11.3 months. Only one of the 4 patients who received the stage Ⅱ procedure did the intermittent catheterization for one time each day.@*CONCLUSION@#SNM provides a minimal invasive approach for the management of DUA.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Urinary Bladder, Underactive , Urination , Urodynamics
17.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 65-70, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on liver lipid metabolism in rats with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and related mechanism.@*METHODS@#A rat model of IUGR was established by food restriction during entire pregnancy, and then the rats were randomly divided into an IUGR group and an EGCG group (n=8 each). The rats in the EGCG group were fed with water containing EGCG from after weaning to 10 weeks. Eight pup rats born from the pregnant maternal rats without food restriction were used as the control group. At the age of 13 weeks, body weight was measured. Blood and liver tissue samples were collected to measure fasting total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), free fatty acid (FFA), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), fasting insulin (FINS), and liver lipids. Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and adipose insulin resistance (adipo-IR) were calculated. Pathological sections of the liver were observed and quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of related genes in the liver.@*RESULTS@#At the age of 13 weeks, there was no significant difference in body weight between groups (P=0.067). There were significant differences between groups in FPG, FFA, FINS, HOMA-IR, and adipo-IR (P0.05), while the IUGR group had significantly higher levels of TC and TG in the liver than the EGCG group (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early EGCG intervention can down-regulate the de novo synthesis of fatty acids through the Ampk/Srebf1 signaling pathway and reduce hepatic lipid accumulation in IUGR rats by improving insulin resistance of hepatocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Catechin , Fetal Growth Retardation , Insulin Resistance , Lipid Metabolism , Lipids , Liver
18.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 251-256, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826373

ABSTRACT

Ubiquitin is a small molecule protein consisting of 76 amino acids,widely found in eukaryotic cells. The process by which ubiquitin binding to a specific protein is called ubiquitination. Deubiquitination is the reversed process of ubiquitination. Ubiquitination stimulates downstream signal,including complex assembly,protein conformation and activity changes,proteolysis,autophagy,guilt,chromatin remodeling,and DNA repair. More than 80% of eukaryotic protein degradation is mediated by the ubiquitination system,and ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis is an extremely complex process involving many biomolecular processes. By regulating protein homeostasis,ubiquitination can also regulate a variety of biological processes including cell cycle,cell proliferation,and apoptosis,which are closely related to tumorigenesis and progression. Many abnormalities of androgen receptor (AR) including AR gene amplification,mutation,shear mutation,and AR activity enhancement are closely related to prostate cancer progression. In particular,prostate cancer progression is regulated by the ubiquitination/deubiquitination processes. This article summarizes the recent research advances in the roles of ubiquitination/deubiquitination in AR abnormalities and prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Cell Line, Tumor , Prostatic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Proteolysis , Receptors, Androgen , Metabolism , Ubiquitination
19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 467-471, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869683

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of transurethral prostatectomy (TURP) on patients with detrusor underactivity (DU).Methods:From January 2015 to January 2019, 72 male patients from Peking University People’s hospital who underwent TURP treatment were retrospectively analyzed. The age of all patients range from 51 to 89, with an average age of 72 years old. All patients underwent urodynamic examination before surgery. The patients were divided into three groups according to BCI and P detQmax. DU group(BCI<100 and P detQmax≤40 cmH 2O) consisted of 31 patients. Then DU patients were divided into two groups according to the P detQmax: Group A, P detQmax≤20 cmH 2O, involving 9 patients; Group B, 20 cmH 2O<P detQmax≤40 cmH 2O, involving 22 patients. Non-DU group(BCI≥100 and 40 cmH 2O<P detQmax≤60 cmH 2O), also named the control GroupC, included 41 patients. There was no statistically significant difference in term of age and duration of disease among the three groups ( P<0.05). Preoperative international prostate symptom scores(IPSS)of the three groups were(26.40±5.54), (21.04±4.61)and(18.53±4.41), respectively. The quality of life score (QOL) were(4.70±1.34), (3.37±1.11)and(3.49±1.34), respectively. The Q max were(4.60±2.63), (8.48±2.47)and(11.38±4.00)ml/s, respectively. The residual urine volume (PVR) were(152.90±75.26), (90.78±51.97)and(53.23±38.98)ml, respectively. The preoperative IPSS and QOL of patients in group A were significantly higher than those in group B and group C, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05), whereas the difference between group B and group C was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The preoperative Q max of group A was significantly inferior than that of group B and C, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05) and group B was significantly inferior than group C, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). The preoperative PVR of group A was significantly higher than that of group B and group C, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05)and group B was significantly higher than group C, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). The above indicators were followed up to compare the improvement for the three groups of patients. Seventy-two patients were followed up for free Q max(fQ max) PVR, IPSS and QOL score from March 2019 to June 2019. Results:The 72 patients were followed up for 3 to 52 months, with an average of 31.1 months. Postoperative IPSS of the three groups were(25.50±2.84), (16.78±4.04)and(14.98±3.41), respectively. The QOL were (2.90±1.29), (2.67±0.88)and(2.53±0.92), respectively. The fQ max was (5.44±2.60), (10.30±3.68)and(13.07±3.51) ml/s, respectively, and PVR was(104.00±46.00), (76.81±46.74)and(35.64±26.17)ml, respectively. Compared with the preoperative parameters, QOL in group A was significantly improved, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05) and the IPSS, fQ max and PVR in group A were improved, but the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The IPSS, QOL, fQ max and PVR in group B and C were significantly improved compared with the preoperative parameters, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The subjective and objective indicators of DU patients can be improved after TURP, while for those patients whose P detQmax≤20 cmH 2O, only QOL can be improved significantly, and the other indicators can not be improved. Therefore, adequate communication should be made before surgery to inform reasonable expectations for the DU patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 214-218, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of transurethral resection of the prostate on nocturia and sleep quality in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia.Methods:This retrospective study included 122 patients who underwent TURP(transurethral resection of the prostate) for BPH(benign prostatic hyperplasia)from December 2016 to December 2018.The age was(69.7±7.9)years old. There was 20 cases with diabetes and 40 cases with hypertension. The preoperative mean prostate volume was (64.4±41.2)ml and mean BMI was (24.3±2.7)kg/m 2. The preoperative IPSS score was (20.5±5.5) points, the number of nocturia events(assessed by the seventh question of IPSS) was (4.4±1.9) times, hours of undisturbed sleep (HUS) was (1.7±1.0) h, 110 cases with HUS <3 h; nocturia quality-of-life questionnaire (N-QOL) was (24.9±6.3) points, quality of life (QOL) was (4.4±0.9) points. 111 patients had the urodynamic examination done. The maximum urine flow rate was (6.4±3.1) ml/s, the maximum bladder volume was (318.5±83.6) ml, the residual urine volume was (153.9±158.9) ml, and the maximum detrusor pressure was (78.4±35.5)cmH 2O.Detrusor muscle strength decreased in 27 cases, 18 cases had OAB, 9 cases of effective bladder capacity declined and 60 cases had bladder outlet obstruction. 42 cases had an effective bladder volume <200 ml, of which 33 had a maximum bladder capacity >200 ml with nocturia (4.5±1.9) times, 9 cases had a maximum bladder capacity ≤200 ml with nocturia (4.7±1.7) times. All 122 patients were treated with TURP. Result:122 patients were followed up for 3-20 months. After operation the number of nocturia significantly decreased to (1.9±1.23) times ( P<0.05), HUS significantly improved to(3.4±1.3) h ( P<0.05), and 91 cases had HUS ≥3 with 82.7% remission rate; N-QOL significantly improved to (37.3±6.7) points ( P<0.05), IPSS significantly decreased to (4.9±4.2) points ( P<0.05), and QOL significantly decreased (0.8±0.9) points ( P<0.05). 121 patients had nocturia ≥2 voids before surgery, and 96 patients had improved (≥50% reduction of nocturnal frequency). There were 68 patients with nocturia ≥2 voids after operation with total score of preoperative IPSS (21.8±5.3), and 54 patients with nocturia <2 voids with total score of preoperative IPSS (19.2±5.5)( P<0.05). Patients with a effective bladder capacity less than 200 ml were divided into a group with a maximum bladder volume ≤200 ml and a group with a maximum bladder capacity>200 ml. The nocturia did not improve significantly after surgery ( P>0.05) in the group with a maximum bladder volume ≤200 ml, and the nocturia in the group with a maximum bladder capacity >200 ml had significantly improvement ( P<0.05). The group with a maximum bladder capacity ≤200 ml had nocturia (3.4±1.5) times after surgery, which was no significant different from that before surgery ( P=0.12); nocturia (1.9±1.1) times after operation in the group with maximum bladder volume>200 ml, and there was significant difference compared with before surgery ( P<0.05). Conclusion:TURP can significantly prolong the HUS of BPH patients with nocturia, and improve the life and sleep quality of patients. TURP partly reduces the number of nocturia, but some patients still suffer from nocturia after operation. The high total score of IPSS before operation and the maximum bladder volume ≤200 ml are the risk factors for nocturia after operation.

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