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1.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1-7, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989587

ABSTRACT

The standardization of classification methods of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) ancient books can provide a clear and reliable reference for all kinds of TCM ancient books collection units, which can also promote the sharing and utilization of TCM ancient books. We studied and investigated the classification methods of TCM ancient books in past dynasties. The standard on classification of TCM ancient books was formulated by compared with the classification table of Zhongguo Zhongyi Guji Zongmu, and referred to the classification table of Zhonghua Guji Zongmu. This standard specified three-level categories and classification principles of TCM ancient books, and mainly composed of basic categories, three-level category table, classification principles and examples, and instructions for use.

2.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 269-274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971867

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with constraint-induced weight training (CIWT) on Pusher syndrome after stroke. MethodsA total of 60 stroke inpatients with Pusher syndrome in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January to December, 2021 were randomly divided into tDCS group, CIWT group and combination group, with 20 cases in each group. The three groups accepted routine rehabilitation training, the tDCS group received anode tDCS, the CIWT group received CIWT of the affected lower limb, and the combination group received CIWT of the affected lower limb and tDCS, for eight weeks. They were assessed with Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremities (FMA-LE), Burke Lateropulsion Scale (BLS) and Holden Walking Functional Ambulation Category (FAC) before and after treatment. ResultsAfter treatment, the scores of BBS, FMA-LE, BLS and FAC improved (|t| > 1.452, P < 0.05) in all the groups, and improved the most in the combination group (|F| > 1.827, P < 0.05). ConclusiontDCS combined with CIWT of the affected lower extremity can effectively improve the function of stroke patients with Pusher syndrome.

3.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 508-515, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984765

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the drug resistance and genomic characteristics of Salmonella enterica serovar London isolated from clinical and food sources in Hangzhou City from 2017 to 2021. Methods: A total of 91 Salmonella enterica serovar London strains isolated from Hangzhou City from 2017 to 2021 were analyzed for drug susceptibility, pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) typing and whole genome sequencing. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST), core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST) and detection of drug resistance genes were performed by using the sequencing data. Phylogenetic analysis was conducted to compare the 91 genomes from Hangzhou City with 347 genomes from public databases. Results: No significant difference in the drug resistance rate was observed between clinical strains and food strains to 18 drugs in Hangzhou City(all P>0.05), and the multidrug resistance (MDR) rate was 75.8% (69/91). Most strains were resistant to 7 drug classes simultaneously. One strain was resistant to Polymyxin E as well as positive for mcr-1.1, and 50.5% (46/91) of the strains were resistant to Azithromycin and were positive for mph(A). All 91 Salmonella enterica serovar London strains were ST155, which were subdivided into 44 molecular types by PFGE and 82 types by cgMLST. Phylogenetic analysis showed that most strains from Hangzhou City (83/91) were clustered together, and a small number of human isolates from Europe, North America and pork isolates from Hubei and Shenzhen were mixed in the cluster. Other strains from Hangzhou City (8/91) were closely related to strains from Europe, America and Southeast Asia. Strains isolated from pork were the most closely related to clinical strains. Conclusion: The epidemic of Salmonella enterica serovar London in Hangzhou City is mainly caused by the spread of ST155 strains, which is mainly transmitted locally. At the same time, cross-region transmission to Europe, North America, Southeast Asia, and other provinces and cities in China may also occur. There is no significant difference in the drug resistance rate between clinical strains and food strains, and a high level of MDR is found in the strains. Clinical infection of Salmonella enterica serovar London may be closely related to pork consumption in Hangzhou City.


Subject(s)
Humans , Salmonella enterica/genetics , Serogroup , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Cities , London , Clonidine , Phylogeny , Genomics , Drug Resistance , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1254-1261, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957120

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the reoperation rate and risk factors of adjacent segment disease (ASDis) in patients with lumbar degenerative diseases after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF).Methods:The clinical data of 460 patients who underwent TLIF for lumbar degenerative diseases in our hospital from January 2011 to December 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 204 males and 256 females with an age of 54.6±12.6 years (range, 20-85 years). Divided into ASDis group and None ASDis (N-ASDis) group according to the occurrence of ASDis and received surgical treatment. The age of ASDis group was 57.9±12.2 years, with 14 males and 12 females, while the age of N-ASDis group was 54.4±12.5 years, with 188 males and 246 females. Count the reoperation rate of ASDis. Compare the age, body mass index (BMI), comorbidities, surgery-related parameters, length of stay, imaging parameters before and after surgery between the two groups, and use univariate analysis and logistic regression analysis to explore risk factors for ASDis.Results:Among 460 patients who underwent TLIF due to lumbar degenerative diseases, 26 patients developed ASDis and received surgical treatment, the reoperation rate was about 5.7%. Among them, the reoperation rate of ASDis with above Pfirrmann grade III in the adjacent intervertebral disc was about 53.1% (17/32). The average onset time of adjacent segment disease was 76.3±25.0 months (range, 30-111 months). Univariate analysis showed that BMI ( t=3.86, P<0.001), history of hypertension (χ 2=5.30, P=0.021), preoperative adjacent vertebral disc degeneration (χ 2=85.90, P<0.001), preoperative adjacent spinal canal stenosis (χ 2=25.35, P<0.001), and preoperative intervertebral space height of adjacent segments ( t=4.33, P<0.001) were statistically different among patients with or without ASDis. Incorporating the above indicators into the logistic regression model, the analysis results showed that body mass index (BMI) >24.9 kg/m 2 and preoperative adjacent intervertebral disc degeneration ≥III degree were risk factors for ASDis after TLIF. Conclusion:The reoperation rate of ASDis after TLIF in patients with lumbar degenerative disease is about 5.7%. BMI>24.9 kg/m 2 and preoperative adjacent intervertebral disc degeneration ≥III degree are risk factors for ASDis and received surgical treatment after TLIF.

5.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2205-2210, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848020

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that platelet-rich plasma has a strong role in promoting chondrocyte repair and proliferation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma in chondrocyte repair and synovial inflammation inhibition in osteoarthritis. METHODS: The blood samples were extracted from the central artery of the ear in 40 New Zealand white rabbits and platelet-rich plasma was prepared by the method of Hokugo. The platelet, platelet-derived growth factor, transforming growth factor-3, vascular endothelial growth factor in the peripheral blood and platelet-rich plasma were detected simultaneously. Animal models were made by resection of anterior cruciate ligament and divided into experimental group and control group. In the experimental group, 0.3 mL of platelet-rich plasma was injected once a week for 10 weeks; in the control group, 0.3 mL of sterile saline was injected once a week for 10 weeks. Gross observation and histological observation of knee joints were performed; articular cartilage type II collagen and matrix metalloproteinase 13 levels were measured; and Mankin score of the cartilage tissue was performed at 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 weeks after injection. The study protocol was approved by the Animal Experiment Ethics Committee of Chongqing Medical University. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The concentrations of platelet, platelet-derived growth factor, transforming growth factor-3, vascular endothelial growth factor in platelet-rich plasma were 5.5, 4.8, 7.7, and 6.2 times those of the peripheral blood, respectively. And there were significant differences between the platelet-rich plasma and peripheral blood (P<0.05). (2) From the 6th week, the Mankin score of the experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). (3) The expression of type II collagen protein in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group at the 4th, 6th, 8th and 10th weeks after injection (P<0.05). The expression of matrix metalloproteinase-13 was significantly lower than that in the control group at the 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th and 10th week (P<0.05). All these findings indicate that intra-articular injection of platelet-rich plasma can inhibit the development of osteoarthritis by alleviating synovial inflammation and delaying or blocking the damage of chondrocytes.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1309-1317, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869088

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and clinical outcome of single-stage posterior total en bloc spondylectomy via posterior approach for lowerlumbar spinal malignant tumors.Methods:The clinical data of 23 patients with metastatic tumors of the lower lumbar spine who underwent single-stage posterior total En bloc spondylectomy in our hospital from January 2012 to June 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 14 males and 9 females, age 57.9±10.8 years old (range, 37-74 years old). All patients were treated with single-stage posterior total en blocspondylectomy, titanium mesh implantation and posterior pedicle screw fixation. Observation items included operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperativehospital stays,the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) physical condition score of the patients before operation,1 month after operationand 6 months after operation, the American spinal injury association (ASIA) spinal cord injury grade pre-operation andpostoperation, perioperative complications, local recurrence and survival state.Results:The median fellow-up time of this group was 20 months (range 6-56 months). At the end of the last follow-up, there were 3 patients who survived, the average follow-up time of the three patients who survived to the last follow-up was 37.3±11.7 months. One of them had local recurrence, but survived with tumor. The operative time was 155-510 min, with an average of 258±96 min, the intraoperative blood loss was 750-2 500 ml, with an average of 1 258.7±528.6 ml, and the postoperative hospital stay was 10-30 d, with an average of 18.4±4.6 d. VAS score decreased from 7.4±0.8 before operation to 2.6±0.6 1 month after operation, and ECOG score decreased from 1.6±0.9 before operation to 0.9±0.76 months after operation, showing statistically significant differences ( P<0.05). 6 patients presented with postoperative acute nerve root stimulation, 3 patients presented with postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage, 3 patients presented with postoperative surgical site infection, 1 with pulmonary infection, and 3 patients presented with titanium mesh displacement. Conclusion:Single-stage posterior total En bloc spondylectomy is feasible for the treatment of metastatic tumors of the lower lumbar spine. Although the operation is quite challenging due to its special anatomical structure and biomechanical characteristics,the long-term follow-up effect is satisfactory.

7.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 559-565, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843184

ABSTRACT

Objective • To explore the common clinical features of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2)-infected local patients in Shanghai and their related influencing factors. Methods • A total of 320 patients admitted to Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from January to March 2020 and diagnosed as having coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) were selected. Clinical data of the patients were collected to analyze their characteristics. Using the statistical operation formula of R language, the correlation analysis of hospitalization days, days of increased hypersensitive C-reactive protein concentration (allergic days), days of lung CT improvement (CT days), and days required for nucleic acid turning negative with the main clinical manifestations and laboratory data was carried out. The correlation factors affecting the above four variables were analyzed. Results • Among the 320 patients, the proportions of mild type, moderate type, serious type and critical type were 6.25%, 83.44%, 6.88% and 3.44%, respectively; 91.25% of them had a history of exposure to Hubei. The proportions of fever, cough, sputum and fatigue were 79.06%, 46.56%, 21.56% and 15.31%, respectively. Spearman correlation analysis showed that the concentrations of lactate dehydrogenase, interleukin-2(IL-2) and IL-6 were positively correlated with the above four variables, respectively (all P<0.05), albumin concentration was negatively correlated with allergic days (P=0.018), and CD4+ cell count was negatively correlated with CT days and days required for nucleic acid turning negative (both P<0.05). Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis showed that procalcitonin (PCT) concentration was negatively correlated with hospitalization days, CT days and allergic days (both P<0.05), and disease type was positively correlated with hospitalization days, allergic days, CT days and days required for nucleic acid turning negative (all P<0.05). Conclusion • Moderate type is common in the local patients in Shanghai; fever, cough and fatigue are common symptoms, and most of the patients are accompanied by lung CT abnormalities. The therapeutic effect and prognosis of these patients are closely related to disease type, concentrations of PCT and IL-6, as well as CD4+ cell count.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3055-3062, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828016

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases are the most important diseases that endanger national health, and its development process is complex and diverse. Various cardiovascular diseases caused by obesity, such as hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia and atherosclerosis, are interrelated and interacted each other. Diet, as the main means of prevention and treatment, plays an important role in the occurrence and development of cardiovascular disease. Mori Fructus is one of the first ingredients that are listed in medicinal and edible food. With a wide range of applications in daily life, it contains polysaccharides(polysaccharide, APS), anthocyanins(anthocyanin, LCRA), flavonoids and other bioactive ingredients. With a wide range of antioxidant, anti-aging, hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activities, these materials exert effects in alleviating diabetes, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia and other cardiovascular diseases. In this paper, we retrieved such databases as PubMed, Web of science, CNKI, VTTMS, Wan Fang, and collected literatures about the effect of single administration of mulberry on cardiovascular diseases in the past 15 years, with "mulberry and cardiovascular disease" as the key word, and summarized the latest progress. The results of many experimental studies have showed that different forms of mulberry can significantly alleviate obesity, diabetes, atherosclerosis, hyperlipidemia and hypertension, suggesting that the scope of action of Mori Fructus covers different pathological stages of cardiovascular diseases. This paper systematically analyzes and summarizes the application forms, efficacy and the existing problems of these experiments, and provides study thinking and development direction for the utilization and new product design of Mori Fructus-related products in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antioxidants , Cardiovascular Diseases , Fruit , Hypoglycemic Agents , Morus
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 141-147, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781628

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Super-responders (SRs) to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) regain near-normal or normal cardiac function. The extent of cardiac synchrony of SRs and whether continuous biventricular (BIV) pacing is needed remain unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiac electrical and mechanical synchrony of SRs.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed CRT recipients between 2008 and 2016 in 2 centers to identify SRs, whose left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction was increased to ≥50% at follow-up. Cardiac synchrony was evaluated in intrinsic and BIV-paced rhythms. Electrical synchrony was estimated by QRS duration and LV mechanical synchrony by single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging.@*RESULTS@#Seventeen SRs were included with LV ejection fraction increased from 33.0 ± 4.6% to 59.3 ± 6.3%. The intrinsic QRS duration after super-response was 148.8 ± 30.0 ms, significantly shorter than baseline (174.8 ± 11.9 ms, P = 0.004, t = -3.379) but longer than BIV-paced level (135.5 ± 16.7 ms, P = 0.042, t = 2.211). Intrinsic LV mechanical synchrony significantly improved after super-response (phase standard deviation [PSD], 51.1 ± 16.5° vs. 19.8 ± 8.1°, P < 0.001, t = 5.726; phase histogram bandwidth (PHB), 171.7 ± 64.2° vs. 60.5 ± 22.9°, P < 0.001, t = 5.376) but was inferior to BIV-paced synchrony (PSD, 19.8 ± 8.1° vs. 15.2 ± 6.4°, P = 0.005, t = 3.414; PHB, 60.5 ± 22.9° vs. 46.0 ± 16.3°, P = 0.009, t = 3.136).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SRs had significant improvements in cardiac electrical and LV mechanical synchrony. Since intrinsic synchrony of SRs was still inferior to BIV-paced rhythm, continued BIV pacing is needed to maintain longstanding and synchronized contraction.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 138-144, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707282

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pathological changes of spinal cord tissues after spinal cord injury and their significance for clinical diagnosis and treatment of complete spinal cord injury.Methods Patients with complete spinal cord injury were selected.Mter rigorous ethical review and patient informed consent,damaged section of the spinal cord and necrotic tissue were removed and transplanted with the function biological material with autologous stem cell.The specimen of injured spinal cord collected during the operation were divided into three phases according to injury time:3 cases of acute phase (≤ 3 days),3 cases of subacute phase (4-14 days),and 1 case of chronic phase (> 14 days).The pathological changes of injured spinal cord tissue were observed through HE staining,and the expression of hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α),tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α),microtubule-associated protein(MAP2) were detected by immunofluorescence.Results (1) HE staining showed that the acute injury mainly manifested as diffuse hyperemia and liquefaction,subacute injury infiltration of inflammatory cells and spinal cord liquefaction,and chronic injury mainly scar repair.(2)The fluorescence intensity (24.67 ±0.51) of HIF-1o in chronic injury was higher than acute (3.17 ± 0.40) and subacute injury (4.62 ± 0.48) (P < 0.05),and the fluorescence intensity of subacute injury was higher than that of acute injury (P < 0.05).(3) The fluorescence intensity (17.60 ± 1.17) of TNF-α in subacute injury was higher than that of acute injury (5.35 ± 0.33) and chronic injury (1.81 ± 0.17) (P <0.05);(4) The fluorescence intensity of MAP2 was 9.46 ±0.41 in acute injury,higher than 3.25 ± 0.42 in subacute injury and 1.16 ± 0.08 in chronic injury (P < 0.05).Conclusions There are hypoxia,inflammation,neuronal apoptosis and repair in the spinal cord tissues after complete spinal cord injury,such as hyperemia,liquefaction,necrosis and gradual scar repair.The severity of inflammation and hypoxia significantly differs among different injury phases.The inflarmnatory cytokines are mainly active in the microenvironment during subacute injury.Hypoxia is mainly involved in the pathological changes of chronic injury.This can provide a new theoretical basis for the clinical treatment of complete spinal cord injury and the timing of surgical treatment.

11.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 925-929, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701217

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the expression of calreticulin(CRT)in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues,ana-lyze the significance of clinical pathology and the influence on epithelial -mesencymal transition(EMT)of CNE2 cells. METHODS:The expression of calreticulin was detected by immunohistochemistry in 52 nasopharyngeal carcinoma and 57 nasopharyngeal benign tissues,and the significance of clinical pathology was evaluated.The calreticulin gene-specific small interfering RNA was constructed,and then was transfected into the NPC cell line CNE 2 using the cationic liposome meth-od.The effect of CRT on the morphological changes of the CNE 2 cells was observed under light microscope.The effect of CRT on the cell migration and invasion abilities of the CNE 2 cells was detected by Transwell migration and invasion assays. The expression of EMT-related proteins E-cadherin,vimentin,transforming growth factor(TGF)-βand matrix metallopro-teinase(MMP)-9 in the CNE2 cells was determined by Western blot.RESULTS:The positive expression rate of CRT in the benign lesion tissues was 19.29%(11/57),which was significantly increased in the nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues as 82.69%(43/52).The expression rate of CRT was positively correlated with the stage of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and lymph node metastasis(P<0.05).Knockdown of CRT expression made the CNE 2 cells showing a spindle shape to a flat, cobblestone-like epithelial state change,arranged more compact,and the migration and invasion abilities were significantly decreased(P<0.05).Knockdown of CRT expression resulted in significant increase in the protein expression of E -cadhe-rin,and the decreases in the protein expression of vimentin, TGF-βand MMP-9 in the CNE2 cells(P<0.05).CON-CLUSION:Calreticulin expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma is significantly higher and positively correlated with naso -pharyngeal carcinoma stage and lymph node metastasis.Calreticulin promotes cell migration and invasion of nasopharyngeal carcinoma CNE2 cells by inducing EMT.

12.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 63-65, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510204

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the influence of Ginkgo laminae on serum lipid, serum level of homocysteine (HCY) and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) of patients in recovery phase of cerebral infarction. Methods 100 patients in recovery phase of cerebral infarction were randomly divided into treatment group and control group, with 50 cases in each group. The control group were given aspirin enteric coated tablets 0.1g qn po., atorvastatin calcium capsule 20mg qn po.; the treatment group on the basis of the control group were added Ginkgo laminae, 1 tablet per time, three times daily. The blood liqid and HCY levels pre-treatment and 1, 3 and 6 months post-treatment and IMT value pre-treatment and 6 months post-treatment were collected. Results The triglyceride level had no significantly change in two groups. The high density lipoprotein cholesterol 3, 6 months post-treatment in treatment group was significantly higher than control group(P<0.05). The cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterin 1 ,3, 6 months post-treatment in two groups significantly decreased compared with pre-treatment(P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between two groups at each time point. The cholesterol in treatment group had a smooth decreasing, while it had an increasing trend in control group 3 months post-treatment. The HCY 3 months post-treatment in treatment group was significantly lower than pre-treatment and control group 1, 3 and 6 months post-treatment (P<0.05). The IMT 6 months post-treatment in treatment group was significantly lower than control gorup(P<0.05). Conclusion Ginkgo laminae combined with atorvastatin for reducing lipid, which could raise high density lipoprotein cholesterol and reduce cholesterol smoothly and lower IMT, with the effective protection on vessel. The blood homocysteine level decreases after taking Ginkgo laminae for three months, which also could improve impaired endothelial function induced by high level of HCY and slow down the process of atherosclerotic plaque.

13.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1412-1416, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659737

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) apoptosis pathway in unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mechanism of renal interstitial fibrosis in rats.Methods The rats were randomly divided into con-trol group and model group,UUO group line ligation of the left ureter,three days 3,7 and 14 days HE and Masson staining were used to observe the renal pathological changes;Take blood retinal venous plexus,separat and determina-tion of serum blood urea nitrogen and creatinine;Western blot was used to find protein 78 (GRP78) glucose regula-tion,endoplasmic reticulum source sex transcription factor (CHOP) and apoptosis related proteins cysteine aspartic acid proteinase 3(caspase-3) and caspase-12 protein expression. Results Compared with control group,the visible UUO model group 1) expansion of renal tubule and renal interstitial fibrosis degree with the extension of ureteral ob-struction time and progressive increase;2) GRP78,CHOP,caspase-3 and caspase-12 protein expression in postoper-ative 3 d have to rise,as the obstruction prolonged,the protein expression more significantly(P<0.01).Conclusions Endoplasmic reticulum stress related trademark protein in UUO rat renal interstitial fibrosis is the increase in expres-sion may promote the early renal interstitial fibrosis and continuous progress.

14.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1412-1416, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662290

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) apoptosis pathway in unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mechanism of renal interstitial fibrosis in rats.Methods The rats were randomly divided into con-trol group and model group,UUO group line ligation of the left ureter,three days 3,7 and 14 days HE and Masson staining were used to observe the renal pathological changes;Take blood retinal venous plexus,separat and determina-tion of serum blood urea nitrogen and creatinine;Western blot was used to find protein 78 (GRP78) glucose regula-tion,endoplasmic reticulum source sex transcription factor (CHOP) and apoptosis related proteins cysteine aspartic acid proteinase 3(caspase-3) and caspase-12 protein expression. Results Compared with control group,the visible UUO model group 1) expansion of renal tubule and renal interstitial fibrosis degree with the extension of ureteral ob-struction time and progressive increase;2) GRP78,CHOP,caspase-3 and caspase-12 protein expression in postoper-ative 3 d have to rise,as the obstruction prolonged,the protein expression more significantly(P<0.01).Conclusions Endoplasmic reticulum stress related trademark protein in UUO rat renal interstitial fibrosis is the increase in expres-sion may promote the early renal interstitial fibrosis and continuous progress.

15.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3337-3344, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489920

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Plate fixation or intramedulary fixation for clavicle fractures has remained a matter of debate. At present, there is a need for a higher level of evidence to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of two different surgical methods. OBJECTIVE:To assess the clinical efficacy of intramedulary fixationversusplate fixation in the treatment of clavicle fractures. METHODS:We conducted a computerized search of the electronic databases like Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, OVID, CBM, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP for relevant randomized controled trials on plate fixation or intramedulary fixation for clavicle fractures. The quality of the included studies was independently assessed with RevMan 5.3 software. The meta-analysis was performed in Stata 13.0. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Eight randomized controlled trials with 527 patients were included in this meta-analysis. The meta-analysis results showed union time, surgery time, incision length, hospital stay and infection rate were less in the intramedullary fixation group than in the plate fixation group (P< 0.05). No significant difference in shoulder function score, upper limb function score, fracture nonunion and refracture was determined between the two groups (P< 0.05). The current evidences suggested that intramedullary fixation is the optimum choice in the treatment of clavicle fractures.

16.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 442-445, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500153

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of lung cancer bone metastasis on serum osteocalcin(OC)in Chinese population using me-ta-analysis.Methods Searched the date of PubMed,Web of science,Embase,Cochrane Library,CBM,CNKI,VIP database and Wanfang da-tabase to identify potentially studies which involved the correlation between bone metastasis and serum OC in Chinese patients with lung canc-er.Standardized mean difference(SMD)and 95%CI was used to access the results.Results 8 studies were included.The study showed that the OC in serum would increase significantly when bone metastases happened in Chinese lung cancer patients.SMD(95%)CI was 0.58 [0.15,1.01]and 0.776[0.20,1.34]compared with controls and BM-,respectively.SMD and 95%CI of BM-compared with controls was -0.15[-0.54,0.23],insignificantly.Conclusion Lung cancer bone metastases may raise serum osteocalcin levels in Chinese popu-lation meanwhile this phenomenon will not happen without bone metastasis.

17.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 885-887, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460486

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effects of nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide 66/platelet-rich plasma com-pound(n-HA/PA66/PRP)on the recovery of rabbit femur bone defect.Methods 40 New Zealand rabbits were artificially made to be bone defect by resecting the 1 cm substantia ossea with periosteum of femur,and were divided into two groups averagely depen-ding on implanted materials:experimental group(n-HA/PA66/PRP),control group (n-HA/PA66).Every five rabbits were sacri-ficed on week 2,4,8,12,and the femur healing status was observed by X ray,histology,and immunohistochemistry.Results No rabbit was infected or died,no implantation objects dropped.Gross observation,X-ray result and histology results demonstrated that the experimental group began to have a new bone tissue at 2 weeks after the operation,with the extension of time,the experimental group new bone growth speed and the quantity was better than the control group.The Lane-Sandhu method X-ray score showed that the experimental group (6.80±2.05)points and the control group(4.20±1.30)points at 12 weeks after the operation,and there were significant differences between two groups(P 0.05).Conclusion PRP combined with n-HA/PA66 artificial bone could accel-erate the healing of bone defect,and the effect of repair of bone defect is better than that of n-HA/PA66 artificial bone in the early.

18.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 895-898, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266077

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the molecular characteristics and antibiotic resistances of Vibrio cholerae (V. cholerae) O1 isolates in Hangzhou in 2009.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The virulence genes ctxA and tcpA of the thirty V. cholerae O1 isolates from 7 counties and districts of Hangzhou were detected by PCR. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was performed for molecular typing and similarity analysis. Antibiotic resistances of these isolates were measured by the Kirby-Bauer method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Virulence gene analysis showed that 80.00% (24/30) of the genotype in V. cholerae isolates was ctxA- and tcpA+, 13.33% (4/30) was ctxA- and tcpA-, and 6.67% (2/30) was ctxA+ and tcpA+. Twenty-seven isolates tested were typed into 11 PFGE patterns (P1-P11). Twenty-three isolates with genotype ctxA- and tcpA+ were clustered into 7 PFGE patterns (P1-P7, termed P1-like cluster) with the similarity to be equal or greater than 91.4%, and 56.52%(13/23) of them belong to P1. 7 isolates with very high similarity (97.6%), belonging to P1 (6 isolates), and P2 (1 isolate), respectively, were collected from one foodborne disease outbreak. The resistant rates of the 24 isolates with genotype ctxA- and tcpA+ to ampicillin, tobramycin and amikacin were 20.83% (5/24), 4.17% (1/24) and 4.17% (1/24), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The genotype of the epidemic strains of V. cholerae O1 isolates in Hangzhou in 2009 with high similarity was ctxA- and tcpA+; The level of drug resistances of this kind of V. cholerae O1 isolates were not high.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Cholera Toxin , Genetics , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Genetics , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Genes, Bacterial , Genotype , Molecular Typing , Vibrio cholerae O1 , Genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 201-205, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242667

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a rapid and simple multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method which discriminates extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) genes in sporadic Shigella isolates from 1998 to 2007 in Hangzhou city, China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After ESBLs screening according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) method, CTX-M, TEM, SHV and OXA-1 encoding genes were detected by using a multiplex PCR method, and the results were verified by 8 single gene PCR amplification.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seventeen isolates harbored ESBLs genes among 195 Shigella isolates (8.72%). Genes encoding CTX-M (17 strains), TEM (2 strains), OXA-1 (10 strains) and SHV (0 strains) were discriminated with multiplex PCR analysis, which coincided with eight single gene PCR analysis at 94.12%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Multiplex PCR should be a suitable tool for initial rapid screening and discriminating ESBLs genes in Shigella isolates. With similar trend of national surveillance data, the proportion of sporadic Shigella isolates harbouring ESBLs genes might probably be on increase.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA, Bacterial , Genes, Bacterial , Genotype , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Shigella , Genetics , beta-Lactamases , Genetics
20.
Progress in Biochemistry and Biophysics ; (12): 49-57, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406769

ABSTRACT

Uridine diphosphate (UDP)-GalNAc : polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransfemse (ppGalNAcT) catalyzes the initial step in mucin type O-glycosylation in the Golgi apparatus. Here generation and characterization of a polyclonal antibody to human ppGalNAcT2 were described. The subcellular location of ppGalNAeT2 in SGC7901 cell line was investigated using Western blot analysis of fractionated cell extracts and confocal microscopy with this antibody and two Golgi markers: Golgi SNARE (soluble N-ethylmalemide-sensifive factor attachment protein receptor) of 28 ku (GS28) and trans-Golgi network (TGN) 38, markers for the c/s- and trans-Golgi apparatus, respectively. Morphometric analyses indicated that ~60% of the ppGalNAcT2 signal colocalized with the GS28, while~36% of the c/s-Golgi marker colocalized with the ppGalNAeT2. Approximately 34% of the ppGalNAcT2 signal colocalized with the TGN38, whereas 38% of the trans-Golgi marker colocalized with the ppGalNAcT2. The results provide unequivocal evidence for the location ofppGalNAcT2 within the Golgi apparatus, and further highlight the importance of this organelle in the initiation of O-linked glycosylation.

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