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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 57-68, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971536

ABSTRACT

PiT2 is an inorganic phosphate (Pi) transporter whose mutations are linked to primary familial brain calcification (PFBC). PiT2 mainly consists of two ProDom (PD) domains and a large intracellular loop region (loop7). The PD domains are crucial for the Pi transport, but the role of PiT2-loop7 remains unclear. In PFBC patients, mutations in PiT2-loop7 are mainly nonsense or frameshift mutations that probably cause PFBC due to C-PD1131 deletion. To date, six missense mutations have been identified in PiT2-loop7; however, the mechanisms by which these mutations cause PFBC are poorly understood. Here, we found that the p.T390A and p.S434W mutations in PiT2-loop7 decreased the Pi transport activity and cell surface levels of PiT2. Furthermore, we showed that these two mutations attenuated its membrane localization by affecting adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)- or protein kinase B (AKT)-mediated PiT2 phosphorylation. In contrast, the p.S121C and p.S601W mutations in the PD domains did not affect PiT2 phosphorylation but rather impaired its substrate-binding abilities. These results suggested that missense mutations in PiT2-loop7 can cause Pi dyshomeostasis by affecting the phosphorylation-regulated cell-surface localization of PiT2. This study helps understand the pathogenesis of PFBC caused by PiT2-loop7 missense mutations and indicates that increasing the phosphorylation levels of PiT2-loop7 could be a promising strategy for developing PFBC therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Membrane , Mutation, Missense , Phosphates/metabolism , Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins, Type III/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 113-121, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990618

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of choledocholithiasis com-bined with periampullary diverticulum and influencing factor for difficult cannulation of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinical data of 1 920 patients who underwent ERCP for choledocholithiasis in 15 medical centers, including the First Hospital of Lanzhou University, et al, from July 2015 to December 2017 were collected. There were 915 males and 1 005 females, aged (63±16)years. Of 1 920 patients, there were 228 cases with periampullary diverticulum and 1 692 cases without periampullary diverticulum. Observation indicators: (1) clinical characteristics of patients with choledocholithiasis; (2) intraoperative and postoperative situations of patients undergoing ERCP for choledocholithiasis; (3) influencing factor analysis for difficult cannulation in patients undergoing ERCP for choledocholithiasis. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range) or M( Q1, Q3), and com-parison between groups was conducted using the Wilcoxon rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. The Logistic regression model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses. Results:(1) Clinical characteristics of patients with choledocholithiasis. Age, body mass index, cases with complications as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diameter of common bile duct, cases with diameter of common bile duct as <8 mm, 8?12 mm, >12 mm, diameter of stone, cases with number of stones as single and multiple were (69±12)years, (23.3±3.0)kg/m 2, 16, (14±4)mm, 11, 95, 122, (12±4)mm, 89, 139 in patients with choledocholithiasis combined with periampullary diverticulum, versus (62±16)years, (23.8±2.8)kg/m 2, 67, (12±4)mm, 159, 892, 641, (10±4)mm, 817, 875 in patients with choledocholithiasis not combined with periampullary diver-ticulum, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( t=?7.55, 2.45, χ2=4.54, t=?4.92, Z=4.66, t=?7.31, χ2=6.90, P<0.05). (2) Intraoperative and postoperative situations of patients undergoing ERCP for choledocholithiasis. The balloon expansion diameter, cases with intraoperative bleeding, cases with hemorrhage management of submucosal injection, hemostatic clip, spray hemostasis, electrocoagulation hemostasis and other treatment, cases with endoscopic plastic stent placement, cases with endoscopic nasal bile duct drainage, cases with mechanical lithotripsy, cases with stone complete clearing, cases with difficult cannulation, cases with delayed intubation, cases undergoing >5 times of cannulation attempts, cannulation time, X-ray exposure time, operation time were 10.0(range, 8.5?12.0)mm, 56, 6, 5, 43, 1, 1, 52, 177, 67, 201, 74, 38, 74, (7.4±3.1)minutes, (6±3)minutes, (46±19)minutes in patients with choledocholithiasis combined with periampullary diverticulum, versus 9.0(range, 8.0?11.0)mm, 243, 35, 14, 109, 73, 12, 230, 1 457, 167, 1 565, 395, 171, 395, (6.6±2.9)minutes, (6±5)minutes, (41±17)minutes in patients with choledocholithiasis not combined with periampullary diverticulum, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( Z=6.31, χ2=15.90, 26.02, 13.61, 11.40, 71.51, 5.12, 9.04, 8.92, 9.04, t=?3.89, 2.67, ?3.61, P<0.05). (3) Influencing factor analysis for difficult cannulation in patients undergoing ERCP for choledocholithiasis. Results of multivariate analysis showed total bilirubin >30 umol/L, number of stones >1, combined with periampullary diverticulum were indepen-dent risk factors for difficult cannulation in patients with periampullary diverticulum who underwent ERCP for choledocholithiasis ( odds ratio=1.31, 1.48, 1.44, 95% confidence interval as 1.06?1.61, 1.20?1.84, 1.06?1.95, P<0.05). Results of further analysis showed that, of 1 920 patients undergoing ERCP for choledocholithiasis, the incidence of postoperative pancreatitis was 17.271%(81/469) and 8.132%(118/1 451) in the 469 cases with difficult cannulation and 1 451 cases without difficult cannula-tion, respectively, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=31.86, P<0.05). In the 1 692 patients with choledocholithiasis not combined with periampullary diverticulum, the incidence of postopera-tive pancreatitis was 17.722%(70/395) and 8.250%(107/1 297) in 395 cases with difficult cannula-tion and 1 297 cases without difficult cannulation, respectively, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=29.00, P<0.05). In the 228 patients with choledocholithiasis combined with peri-ampullary diverticulum, the incidence of postoperative pancreatitis was 14.865%(11/74) and 7.143%(11/154) in 74 cases with difficult cannulation and 154 cases without difficult cannulation, respectively, showing no significant difference between them ( χ2=3.42, P>0.05). Conclusions:Compared with patients with choledocholithiasis not combined with periampullary divertioulum, periampullary divertioulum often occurs in choledocholithiasis patients of elderly and low body mass index. The proportion of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is high in choledocholithiasis patients with periampullary diverticulum, and the diameter of stone is large, the number of stone is more in these patients. Combined with periampullary diverticulum will increase the difficult of cannulation and the ratio of patient with mechanical lithotripsy, and reduce the ratio of patient with stone complete clearing without increasing postoperative complications of choledocholithiasis patients undergoing ERCP. Total bilirubin >30 μmol/L, number of stones >1, combined with periampullary diverticulum are independent risk factors for difficult cannulation in patients of periampullary diverticulum who underwent ERCP for choledocholithiasis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 220-224, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989804

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the current situation of gastric lavage operation and put forward measures for improvement by analyzing the clinical characteristics of 294 patients with gastric lavage in Poisoning Treatment Center of The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University.Methods:The clinical data of 294 patients with acute poisoning and gastric lavage from 2019 to 2021 were collected and analyzed retrospectively, and the related parameters (poison type, gastric lavage volume, poisoning to gastric lavage time, etc.) of each year were compared.Results:A total of 653 poisoning patients underwent gastric lavage from 2019 to 2021, with an average age of (44.2 ±20.1) years, and 134 (45.6%) were male. The main causes of gastric lavage were pesticide poisoning (52.72%) and drug poisoning (42.86%). The volume of gastric lavage was less than 10 L for 43.8% of patients and 10-20 L for 32.7% of patients. Patients with gastric lavage within 60 min after ingestion of poison accounted for 45.3%, followed by 25.8% within 61-120 min. The in-hospital mortality rate was 17.7%. The common complications of gastric lavage were: the incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding (55/121, 45.5%), the incidence of aspiration pneumonia (54/140, 38.6%), and the incidences of electrolyte disorder (21% of low potassium, 29% low calcium, and 10.0% low sodium). Compared with the groups in different years, the proportion of gastric lavage in poisoning was 58.85% vs. 46.60% vs. 32.41%, which decreased year by year, with statistical difference ( P <0.05). And there was no difference in the period from ingestion to gastric lavage and gastric lavage fluid volume. There was an increasing trend in poison types between diquat and other insecticides, but there was no statistical difference. Conclusions:From 2019 to 2021, the most common causes of acute gastric lavage were pesticide poisoning and drug poisoning, and the proportion of diquat and other pesticides showed an overall upward trend. A majority of the patients (71.1%) had gastric lavage within 2 h, and 76.5% of the patients had less than 20 L gastric lavage fluid. In the future, we will further control the amount of gastric lavage fluid and pay attention to the gastric lavage operation of new insecticide poisoning.

4.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 215-219, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989803

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the therapeutic effect of hemopurification on acute chlorfenapyr poisoning according to the blood concentration of chlorfenapyr and to provide experience for clinical treatment.Methods:Two patients who presented to our Emergency Department following an ingestion of chlorfenapyr and then were treated with hemopurification in 2022 were included. The concentrations of chlorfenapyr and its highly toxic metabolite tralopyril were dynamically monitored, and the clinical data of the patients were collected.Results:Case 1 was given hemoperfusion for the first time 13 hours after ingestion. During l hour hemoperfusion, the tralopyril decreased by 28.82%. The concentration increased and exceeded the pre-perfusion level after 2 hours of hemoperfusion. After three times of hemoperfusion, the concentrations of chlorfenapyr and tralopyril were still higher than those before the first time, reaching 248 ng/mL and 1 307 ng/mL respectively. The concentration of chlorfenapyr showed a downward trend after 130 h, and the tralopyril in blood reached the peak 3 164 ng/mL at 130 h and decreased to 2 707 ng/mL at 178 h. In case 2, the blood chlorfenapyr and tralopyril concentration was 392 ng/mL and 7 598 ng/mL respectively 150 hours after ingestion. The blood chlorfenapyr concentration decreased by 37.75% respectively after first hemoperfusion, and the tralopyril concentration decreased by 38.02% respectively. During 85 hours of continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF), the concentration of tralopyril was maintained at 4 234~6 410 ng/mL. Case 1 was followed up to 12 days and lost follow-up. Case 2 died and the survival time was 247 hours.Conclusions:Hemoperfusion can scavenge tralopyril, but CVVHDF has poor scavenging ability for tralopyril. And the apparent volume of distribution (Vd) of chlorfenapyr and tralopyril are large. After ingestion, chlorfenapyr spreads to various tissues quickly, and it is easy to accumulate in the adipose tissue. The chlorfenapyr in the tissue slowly is released back to the blood and stays in the blood for a long time. The peak concentration of chlorfenapyr appeared earlier than that of tralopyril. Clinicians should pay attention to the early removal of toxins from the digestive tract.

5.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 198-202, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989800

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of poisoned patients with poisons purchase online.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted on poisoned patients purchased poisons online from 1st January 2021 to 31th May 2022 in the Emergency Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. The clinical data including sex, age, way of medical treatment, cause of poisoning, exposure routes, category of toxic drugs, gastric lavage, toxic detection and prognosis of patients were collected and compared with those patients obtained poisons at stores as the control group.Results:Totally 318 poisoned patients were included in this study, of which 44 (13.8%) were obtained poisons online. Compared with the patients obtained poisons at stores, the patients obtained poisons online were younger ( P<0.001), and had higher proportion of suicide intention ( P=0.006), more oral route exposure ( P=0.029), and more proportions of receiving gastric lavage before transfer to the hospital ( P=0.001). Pesticides and fertilizers with organic heterocycles were the main types of poisons in the online group, and there was no statistical difference in the distribution of poisons compared with the control group. Mixed drug poisoning was the leading cause in both online group (27.8%) and control group (38.8%) in drug overdose poisoned types, followed by dextromethorphan (16.7%) and estazolam (15.5%) in the online group. Conclusions:Young people are the main group getting poisons through the Internet. Health education should be strengthened for this group, and online shopping platforms should pay attention to the poisoning risk of potential overdose drugs or poisons transactions.

6.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 192-197, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989799

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of urine semi-quantitative colorimetry by sodium dithionite reduction method in the diagnosis and treatment of diquat poisoning.Methods:The data of 49 patients with acute diquat poisoning treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from December 3, 2020 to November 23, 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, the correlation between urine colorimetric results and plasma diquat concentration was observed, and the predictive value of urine colorimetric results for target organ damage and prognosis were evaluated.Results:There was a significant correlation between urine colorimetric results and plasma diquat concentration, the correlation coefficient was r=0.89, P <0.01. The cut-off value of urine colorimetry for the predicting the damage of gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidney, and central nervous system injury were 2.5, 3.5, 3.5, 5.5, respectively; in which the urine colorimetric results showed the highest sensitivity in predicting digestive tract injury [ AUC 0.93 (95% CI:0.89-1.00)]. The cut-off value of urine colorimetry for the prognosis of death was 4.5, the positive predictive value was 64.2%, and the negative predictive value was 95.2%. Conclusions:The urine semi-quantitative method can be used for rapid prediction of the plasma diquat concentration range on admission. The urine colorimetry results can also effectively predict the occurrence of organ injury and clinical outcome related to diquat poisoning, which provides evidence for the clinical diagnosis and therapy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 186-191, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989798

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of the toxicant and drug detection in clinical poisoning diseases and analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with positive poison test.Methods:This study was a multicenter retrospective cohort study. Sampling and clinical information data were collected between October 1, 2020 and September 30, 2022 from 41 tertiary hospitals in and around Jiangsu province. The clinical characteristics of patients with positive toxicology tests were analyzed, and the correlation between the drug sampling situation and the test results was analyzed..Results:A total of 895 patients with clinical diagnosis or suspected poisoning were enrolled in this study. Among them, 652 patients had positive results, accounting for 72.85%. Among all positive patients, 506 patients were exposed to a single poison and 147 patients were exposed to multiple poisons. The top three poisons were pesticide herbicides (202 cases, 30.98%), sedative and psychotropic drugs (151 cases, 23.16%), and pesticide insecticides (97 cases, 14.88%). Among 541 patients with clear exposure history, the positive rate was 78.19%, and among 354 patients with unclear exposure history, the positive rate was 64.69%. The top three poisons (drugs) of patients with unclear exposure history were sedative and psychotropic (82, 12.58%), herbicide (26, 3.99%), and rodenticide (22, 3.37%). Patients who admitted to hospital for unexplained consciousness disorder, abnormal blood coagulation function and multiple organ dysfunction were more likely to obtain positive poison test results.Conclusions:There is uncertainty in the exposure history of poisoning diseases, so it is necessary to improve the detection of toxic substances as soon as possible. Toxicant testing should be considered when patients have impaired consciousness, abnormal coagulation function and multiple organ dysfunction.

8.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 399-409, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987659

ABSTRACT

@#Ischemic stroke is a major disease affecting human health, and its pathological mechanism has not been fully elucidated. Microglia are important immune cells in the central nervous system, and participate in the pathological process of ischemic stroke.Following an ischemic stroke, a surge in activated microglia occurs, migrating and congregating within the afflicted regions.These microglia engulf deceased cells or fragments, releasing inflammatory or nutritive factors, thereby participating in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke.The phagocytosis of microglia plays an important role in cerebral ischemic injury and rehabilitation. This article summarizes the molecular mechanism of microglial phagocytosis and reviews the research progress of microglial phagocytosis in ischemic stroke, and discusses the diversity and complexity of microglial phagocytosis in cerebral ischemic injury and rehabilitation, so as to provide new ideas for the treatment and drug development of ischemic stroke.

9.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 659-674, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982427

ABSTRACT

Primary familial brain calcification (PFBC) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder mainly characterized by progressive calcium deposition bilaterally in the brain, accompanied by various symptoms, such as dystonia, ataxia, parkinsonism, dementia, depression, headaches, and epilepsy. Currently, the etiology of PFBC is largely unknown, and no specific prevention or treatment is available. During the past 10 years, six causative genes (SLC20A2, PDGFRB, PDGFB, XPR1, MYORG, and JAM2) have been identified in PFBC. In this review, considering mechanistic studies of these genes at the cellular level and in animals, we summarize the pathogenesis and potential preventive and therapeutic strategies for PFBC patients. Our systematic analysis suggests a classification for PFBC genetic etiology based on several characteristics, provides a summary of the known composition of brain calcification, and identifies some potential therapeutic targets for PFBC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Diseases/therapy , Xenotropic and Polytropic Retrovirus Receptor , Brain/pathology
10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1943-1949, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998469

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effects and mechanisms of curcumin on apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells(RGCs)in chronic ocular hypertension rats.METHODS:A total of 21 Spraque-Dawley(SD)rats were randomly divided into 3 groups with 7 rats in each group. The rat models of chronic ocular hypertension were established by cauterization of the superior scleral veins in the high intraocular pressure model group and the curcumin treatment group, and the sham operation group only cut the conjunctiva without the cauterization of the superior scleral veins; the rats in the curcumin treatment group were intragastrically treated with curcumin at a dose of 4mL/kg, and the rats in the sham operation group and the high intraocular pressure model group were treated with pure water at a dose of 4mL/kg for 3wk. After 3wk, HE staining was used to observe the morphological and pathological changes of retina, the number of RGCs and the thickness of ganglion cell layer(GCL)in each group of rats; TUNEL staining was used to observe the apoptosis of RGCs and retinal cells in each group of rats; the expression levels of glutamate-cysteine ligase modifier subunit(GCLM)and heme oxygenase-1(HO-1)in the retina of each group of rats were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, immunohistochemical staining and Western blot.RESULTS:Compared with the sham operation group, the retinal morphology of rats in the high intraocular pressure model group and the curcumin treatment group was disorganized, the number of RGCs was reduced, the GCL was thinner, the apoptosis rate of RGCs and retinal cells increased, and the expression levels of GCLM and HO-1 increased. Compared with the high intraocular pressure model group, the retinal morphology of rats in the curcumin treatment group was basically normal, the number of RGCs increased, the GCL thickened, the apoptosis rate of RGCs and retinal cells decreased, and the expression levels of GCLM and HO-1 increased.CONCLUSION:Curcumin can inhibit the apoptosis of RGCs in the rat model of chronic ocular hypertension by up-regulating the expression of antioxidant genes GCLM and HO-1.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 957-964, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956613

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare Jefferson-fracture reduction plate (JeRP) and micro titanium plate in the transoral single-segment fixation of unstable atlas fractures.Methods:From January 2008 to December 2020, 45 patients with unstable atlas fracture were treated by single-segment fixation through an oral approach with a JeRP or a micro titanium plate at Department of Orthopedic Surgery, General Hospital of Southern Theatre Command. They were 24 males and 21 females, aged from 15 to 67 years. By the Gehweiler classification, 11 atlas fractures were type Ⅰ and 34 type Ⅲ; by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) classification, the spinal cord injury was grade D in 7 cases and grade E in 38 cases; by the Dickman classification, the atlas transverse ligament injury was type Ⅰ in 4 cases and type Ⅱ in 11 cases. Of the patients, 26 were treated by transoral single-segment fixation with a JeRP and 19 by transoral single-segment fixation with a micro titanium plate. The 2 groups were compared in terms of baseline data, operation time, blood loss, hospital stay, visual analog scale (VAS) for neck pain and atlas lateral mass displacement (LMD) before operation and at the last follow-up, and intraoperative and postoperative complications.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there was no significant difference between them in the preoperative general data ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up for 12 to 55 months (mean, 21.8 months). Wound dehiscence or infection was observed in none of the patients after operation. About 12 months after operation, all fractures achieved bony union, neck pain basically disappeared, and neck movement had no obvious limitation. The hospital stay was (13.9±2.2) d for the JeRP group and (14.2±2.9) d for the micro titanium plate group, showing no significant difference between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). The operation time was (203.5±173.4) min and the blood loss (167.3±138.6) mL in the JeRP group, significantly more than those in the micro titanium plate group [(121.5±50.5) min and (98.4±57.2) mL] ( P<0.05). In the JeRP group, the preoperative LMD was (6.7±1.7) mm and the preoperative VAS score (6.8±1.0) points, significantly higher than the last follow-up values [(0.7±0.6) mm and (0.7±0.6) points] ( P<0.05). In the micro titanium plate group, the preoperative LMD was (6.6±1.5) mm and the preoperative VAS score (6.7±0.9) points, significantly higher than the last follow-up values [(0.9±0.6) mm and (0.8±0.7) points] ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the preoperative or the last follow-up comparison between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Implant loosening was observed in one patient in the JeRP group while foreign body sensation in the throat was reported in one patient after operation in the micro titanium plate group. Conclusions:Both JeRP and micro titanium plate in the transoral single-segment fixation can lead to effective treatment of unstable atlas fractures. Compared with JeRP, the micro titanium plate can effectively shorten operation time and reduce blood loss due to its smaller size and lower incision.

12.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 597-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941480

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-based comprehensive minimally invasive treatment for biliary anastomotic stenosis (BAS) after liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 60 BAS recipients after liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed, 54 male and 6 female, aged (48±10) years. ERCP was initially carried out. If it succeeded, plastic or metallic stents were placed into the biliary tract. If it failed, percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage (PTCD) or single-operator cholangioscopy (SpyGlass) was adopted to pass through the stenosis. If all these procedures failed, magnetic anastomosis or other special methods were delivered. The incidence and treatment of BAS after liver transplantation were summarized. The efficacy, stent removal and recurrence were observed. Results The median time of incidence of BAS after liver transplantation was 8 (4, 13) months. Within postoperative 1 year, 1-2 years and over 2 years, 39, 16 and 5 recipients were diagnosed with BAS, respectively. All 60 BAS recipients after liver transplantation were successfully treated, including 56 cases initially receiving ERCP, and 41 completing BAS treatment, with a success rate of 73%. The failure of guide wire was the main cause of ERCP failure. The success rates of PTCD, SpyGlass and magnetic anastomosis were 5/9, 5/7 and 7/8, respectively. Two recipients were successfully treated by percutaneous choledochoscope-assisted blunt guide wire technique and stent placement in the biliary and duodenal fistula. After 3 (3, 4) cycles of ERCP and 13 (8, 18) months of stent indwelling, 38 recipients reached the stent removal criteria, including 25 plastic stents and 13 metallic stents. The indwelling time of plastic stents was longer than that of metallic stents (P < 0.05). Six cases suffered from stenosis recurrence at 12 (8, 33) months after stent removal, and the recurrence rate was 16%. Six patients were treated with ERCP, and 5 of them did not recur after the stents were successfully removed. Multivariate analysis showed that delayed diagnosis of stenosis and frequent ERCP before stent removal were the independent risk factors for BAS recurrence (both P < 0.05). Conclusions ERCP-based comprehensive minimally invasive treatment may improve the success rate of BAS treatment after liver transplantation and yield satisfactory long-term efficacy. Delayed diagnosis of BAS and high frequent ERCP required for stent removal are the independent risk factors for BAS recurrence.

13.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 166-170, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931141

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of critical ultrasound combined with extravascular lung water (EVLW) and intrathoracic blood volume (ITBV) on volume management of mechanically ventilated patients.Methods:From May 2017 to January 2020, 98 patients treated with mechanically ventilated admitted to Hebei Petro China Central Hospital were selected and divided into two groups by random number table method, with 49 cases in each group. Both groups were treated with fluid resuscitation, the control group was guided by central venous pressure (CVP) and the observation group was guided by critical ultrasound combined with EVLW and ITBV. The acute physiology and chronic health score Ⅱ(APACHE Ⅱ) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores, hemodynamic indexes, respiratory system indexes , urine output and fluid intake at 6 h and 24 h after resuscitation and mechanical ventilation time, ICU stay, complications and prognosis were compared between the two groups.Results:The scores of APACHE Ⅱ and SOFA in the observation group at 6 h and 24 h after resuscitation were lower than those in the control group: 6 h after resuscitation: (22.02 ± 4.29) scores vs. (23.94 ± 3.56) scores, (10.02 ± 3.11) scores vs. (11.64 ± 2.30) scores; 24 h after resuscitation: (19.66 ± 2.85) scores vs. (21.78 ± 3.60) scores, (7.64 ± 2.15) scores vs. (9.83 ± 2.07) scores, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The mean arterial pressure (MAP) and CVP in the observation group at 6 h and 24 h after resuscitation were higher than those in the control group: 6 h after resuscitation: (69.44 ± 5.25) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. (65.98 ± 4.33) mmHg, (13.64 ± 2.30) mmHg vs. (11.89 ± 3.07) mmHg; 24 h after resuscitation: (72.89 ± 4.69) mmHg vs. (69.26 ± 5.53) mmHg, (13.07 ± 2.15) mmHg vs. (11.89 ± 3.07) mmHg; the heart rate was lower than those in the control group: 6 h after resuscitation: (98.58 ± 9.32) bpm vs. (105.03 ± 8.76) bpm; 24 h after resuscitation: (94.97 ± 8.46) bpm vs.(101.44 ± 7.34) bpm, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO 2) and oxygenation index (OI) in the observation group at 6 h and 24 h after resuscitation were higher than those in the control group: 6 h after resuscitation: 0.749 ± 0.043 vs. 0.711 ± 0.047, (258.18 ± 20.75) mmHg vs. (234.66 ± 25.42) mmHg; 24 h after resuscitation: (77.68 ± 4.09)% vs. (73.54 ± 4.23)%, (376.29 ± 22.39) mmHg vs. (234.66 ± 25.42) mmHg; the blood lactic acid was lower than that in the control group: 6 h after resuscitation: (3.04 ± 0.52) mmol/L vs. (4.22 ± 0.39) mmol/L; 24 h after resuscitation: (1.01 ± 0.34) mmol/L vs. (1.87 ± 0.41) mmol/L, the differences were statistically significant( P<0.05). The urine output at 6 h and 24 h in the observation group was higher than that in the control group: 6 h after resuscitation: (0.49 ± 0.08) ml/(kg·h) vs. (0.35 ± 0.06) ml/(kg·h); 24 h after resuscitation:(0.54 ± 0.05) ml/(kg·h) vs. (0.42 ± 0.07) ml/(kg·h); the fluid intake was lower than that in the control group: 6 h after resuscitation: (1 230.2 ± 562.3) ml vs. (1 782.4 ± 534.7) ml; 24 h after resuscitation: (3 065.5 ± 521.2) ml vs. (3 642.0 ± 507.8) ml; the mechanical ventilation time, and ICU stay in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (3.3 ± 0.9) d vs. (5.0 ± 0.7) d, (9.7 ± 2.1) d vs. (10.9 ± 1.8) d, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant differences in complication rate and 28-day survival curve between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Critical ultrasound combined with EVLW and ITBV has a good application effect on volume management of patients with mechanical ventilation, which can help maintain hemodynamic stability, improve oxygenation status.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 303-306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930938

ABSTRACT

Conversion therapy has become the core in the treatment of borderline resectable or unresectable liver cancer, which provides resectable opportunities for more advanced liver cancer patients. In accordance with the first-choice treatment regimen recommended by the guidelines, the authors reported a successful case of Atezolizumab and Bevacizumab (T+A regimen) conversion therapy. The patient with initially borderline resectable advanced liver cancer was performed liver segment resection sucessfully after conversion therapy, and non-tumor recurrence was observed at postoperative 9 months. Postoperative pathological examination showed combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma, which also indicated the important value of T+A regimen in the conversion therapy of combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma.

15.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 348-355, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929473

ABSTRACT

@#Due to their good safety, wide application scope and quick onset time, lipid emulsions are full of promise to reverse drug poisoning. In this review, a number of clinical case reports were summarized to analyze the detoxification effect of lipid emulsions on local anesthetic, antiarrhythmic, psychotropic and organophosphate poisoning, as well as the possible adverse reactions of lipid emulsions therapy.Meanwhile, the mechanisms underlying lipid emulsions therapy, such as lipid sink theory, enhanced body basal metabolism and positively affected cardiovascular function, were fully interpreted.Besides, a few potential solutions to the problems still existing in lipid emulsions therapy were proposed, in order to consolidate the understanding of lipid emulsions therapy and promote its rational application in reversing drug poisoning.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 587-591, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922857

ABSTRACT

@#Ocular toxocariasis(OT)is an ocular parasitic disease involving ocular tissue infection by the ascarid-omatidae nematode. OT is usually caused by toxocara canis or toxocara cati. Susceptible population are more likely to be affected by their own hygiene, the frequency of exposure to dogs and cats, and the consumption of food or water contaminated with toxocariasis larvae. Most cases have been reported worldwide in children, but cases in adults have also been reported in recent years, which may be due to the lack of systematic induction and summary of its diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. In this paper, the four clinical manifestations of OT, advanced noninvasive diagnostic techniques, and laboratory immunological tests were sorted out and supplemented by reviewing domestic and international literature. Meanwhile, this paper introduced the treatment progress of OT in recent years, such as the combination of anthelmintic and hormone, and the application of intravitreal injection and vitreous surgery. It is expected that clinicians should pay more attention to this disease, improve the accuracy of early diagnosis of toxocariasis and protect patients' vision.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1409-1414, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928067

ABSTRACT

Baimai is a complex of structure and function with the characteristics of wide distribution, complex structure, and multi-dimensional functions. Baimai, consisting of the channels in brain, the internal hidden channels connecting the viscera, and the external channels linking the limbs, governs the sensory, motor, and information transmission functions of human. According to Tibetan medicine, Baimai functions via "Long"(Qi) which moves in Baimai. "Long" is rough, light, cold, tiny, hard, and dynamic. The dysfunction of Baimai is manifested as numbness, swelling and pain, stiffness, atrophy, contracture, disability, hyperactivity, etc. The clinical manifestations of Baimai disease are facial paralysis, limb numbness, hemiplegia, contracture and rigidity, pain, opistho-tonos, paralysis, unconsciousness, head tremor, aphasia and tongue stiffness, and other abnormalities in facial consciousness, limb movement, and tactile sensation. Baimai Ointment for external use is used for the treatment of Baimai disease. It is mainly composed of medicinals which are spicy and bitter, warm, soft, mild, heavy, moist, and stable, and thus it is effective for the rough, light, cold, tiny, hard, and dynamic "Long" of Baimai disease. In clinical practice, it is mainly used for musculoskeletal diseases, such as osteoarthritis, scapulohumeral periarthritis, cervical spondylosis, low back pain, myofascitis, and tenosynovitis, nervous system diseases, such as paralysis and shoulder-hand syndrome, and limb stiffness caused by stroke, spastic cerebral palsy, trigeminal neuralgia, and facial neuritis, and limb motor and sensory dysfunction caused by trauma. According to the main symptoms of Baimai disease such as stiffness, rigidity, contraction, numbness, sensory disturbance and pain, clinicians should apply the Baimai Ointment via the inunction treatment of Tibetan medicine and in combination with Huo'ermai therapy and physiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Edema , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Pain
18.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 123-129, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927855

ABSTRACT

Radiomics can extract high-throughput and quantitative image features from medical images and mine the information related to the pathophysiology of tumors,which can help clinical decision-making and improve the diagnostic and predictive performance.Radiomics has been widely used in the study of prostate cancer (PCa),demonstrating application values in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis,pathology classification,invasion assessment,efficacy prediction,and prognosis analysis of PCa.Here we reviewed the recent research progress of magnetic resonance imaging-based radiomics in PCa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Prognosis , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology
19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 678-690, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927736

ABSTRACT

The computer information technology that has penetrated into every aspect of our lives, can not only assist the screening of drugs, but also simulate the effect of drugs. At present, computer-aided technologies have been used to screen aptamers, which play an important role in improving the screening efficiency and screening high affinity binding aptamers. This review summarized the screening methods of aptamers through computer-aided sequence evaluation, structural analysis and molecular docking.


Subject(s)
Aptamers, Nucleotide , Computers , Molecular Docking Simulation , SELEX Aptamer Technique/methods
20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1520-1524, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927202

ABSTRACT

Linezolid is a n anti-infective drug commonly used in clinic. Considering the large difference of individual condition , severe basic disease ,poor organ function and large variety and quantity of drugs ,standard dose of linezolid may not be suitable for all critically ill patients. This paper reviews the relevant researches on the application of linezolid in adult critically ill patients in recent years ,analyzes the pharmacokinetic characteristics of critically ill patients ,and summarizes the influence of common physiological and pathological changes in critically ill patients on drugs. When using linezolid ,the clinical comprehensive evaluation of this special group should be strengthened. In addition to appropriately reducing the drug dosage of patients with liver/ kidney function injury ,it is also necessary to consider appropriately increasing the drug dosage in other cases. After medication ,in order to avoid excessive or insufficient drug exposure ,clinical medication monitoring should be strengthened ,especially the important mean as therapeutic drug monitoring should be used well.

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